Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1088
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Kumar Yogesh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of patients with secondary bacterial peritonitis depends on the production of superoxides involved in bacterial killing and the endogenous level of antioxidants. The prognostic significance of their levels has not previously been investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients undergoing surgery for secondary peritonitis were prospectively evaluated. ...
Duman Soner - - 2007
Loss of peritoneal function is a major factor leading to failure of treatment in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the precise biologic mechanisms responsible for these changes have not been defined, the general assumption is that alterations in peritoneal function are related to structural changes in the peritoneal membrane. The aim ...
Huang Wen-Hung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a non-invasive waveform analysis, is a useful tool for the vascular evaluation of arterial stiffness. Increased baPWV values have been found increased in patients with arterial stiffness. The aim of this study was to investigate retrospectively the association between arterial stiffness and the common ...
Nagayama Chiaki - - 2006
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical significance of placental position in patients with placental abruption by comparing cases in which the placenta was implanted on the anterior wall of the uterus (n=17) and those in which the placenta was on the posterior wall (n=12). There were no significant differences in clinical ...
Weinberg Jordan A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic laparoscopy is useful for the assessment of equivocal penetrating abdominal wounds, and has become the modality of choice for the evaluation of such wounds at our institution. We hypothesised that, in appropriate patients, diagnostic "awake" laparoscopy (AL) could be performed under local anaesthesia in the emergency department (ED), ...
Ahmad S - - 2006
Peritonitis remains a major cause of morbidity among patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), yet there is little information about the effect of new biocompatible dialysis solutions on peritonitis rates and treatment. In our unit, information on each peritonitis episode is prospectively collected. Since 2003, bicarbonate/lactate dialysate has been gradually introduced ...
Cox Sue D - - 2006
Intensive training and re-education of peritoneal dialysis (PD) exchange technique has been advocated to minimize peritonitis rate. However, re-education of patients that are established on PD for some years can be difficult and a minority of patients on PD remain susceptible to repeated episodes of peritonitis. The UV Flash Compact ...
Mehmet Tugrul Sezer , ...
Aim: Malnutrition is common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and hypoalbuminemia is a predictor of poor outcomes in end-stage renal disease patients. Amino acid peritoneal dialysate (AAPD) is used to improve nutritional status in malnourished PD patients. In this study, we investigated effects of AAPD on nutritional parameters in hypoalbuminemic ...
Añón Ramón R Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibanez 17, Valencia 46010, - - 2006
To determine the clinical, analytical and endoscopic factors related to ischemic colitis (IC) severity. A total of 85 patients were enrolled in a retrospective study from January 1996 to May 2004. There were 53 females and 32 males (age 74.6+/-9.4 years, range 45-89 years). The patients were diagnosed as IC. ...
Jiménez-Heffernan José A - - 2006
CONTEXT: Mast cells (MCs) have been implicated in fibrogenesis, angiogenesis, and immunity against bacteria. These 3 mechanisms participate in the peritoneal pathology secondary to peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment. Despite their potential relevance to PD-related pathology, few studies have focused on MCs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate possible variations in the number of ...
Rutkowski Przemysław - - 2006
Uremic syndrome is associated with several metabolic disturbances. Oxidative stress is an important factor involved in the pathologic mechanism of these changes. The goal of this study was to understand the relationship between oxidative stress markers and two compounds included among uremic toxins. Two independent studies were performed, one with ...
Masuzawa Toshiyuki - - 2006
We diagnosed leptospirosis in 2 patients exposed to southern flying squirrels imported from the United States to Japan. Patients worked with exotic animals in their company. Leptospira isolates from 1 patient and 5 of 10 squirrels at the company were genetically and serologically identical and were identified as Leptospira kirschneri.
Zuliani Giancarlo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the percent mucosal surface area of adenoids removed from children with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and those with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) infected with biofilms. DESIGN: Comparative micro-anatomic investigation of adenoid mucosa using scanning electron microscopy from patients with CRS and OSA. SUBJECTS: 4 females and 12 males ...
Hu Shasa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare stage at diagnosis of melanoma between non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic patients. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Melanoma cases reported to the Florida Cancer Data System, with known stage and race/ethnicity information, for residents of Miami-Dade County, Florida, from 1997 to 2002. PATIENTS: Those diagnosed as having ...
Mulwafu Wakisa - - 2006
There is a paucity of data on morbidity associated with long waiting lists for adult tonsillectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the morbidity associated with long waiting lists for adult tonsillectomy in a developing world setting. Of 350 patients on the waiting list at Groote Schuur Hospital ...
Ishak Gisele E - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to study the imaging findings of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records and imaging studies of 38 patients with proven FMF, diagnosed between 1992 and 2002. RESULTS: The most common clinical manifestation was ...
Ozisik Lale - - 2006
Peritonitis is the most common complication in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Brucellosis is a rare cause of bacterial peritonitis. Only 1 case was reported of a patient with brucella peritonitis during CAPD therapy. In that case, CAPD peritonitis was accompanied by acute brucellosis. We present the case ...
Guz Galip - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the significance of a newly described marker of inflammation procalcitonin (PCT), and to investigate its relationship to conventional markers of inflammation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and with peritonitis. DESIGN: A prospective, observational clinical study. ...
Cholongitas Evangelos - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: It has been suggested that propranolol may have a protective effect on the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis by increasing the motility of the bowel and lowering the pressure of the portal vein. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between the use of ...
Mendoza Fabian A FA Department of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2006
To review the clinical and laboratory features of 12 cases of nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD) studied at our institution and of 70 previously described cases in the literature. Clinical evaluation and laboratory studies of 12 patients with NFD associated with chronic hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease and ...
Gatalica Zoran - - 2006
COX-2 expression was studied using an immunohistochemical method in 75 patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). Twenty-five patients presented with disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis (DPAM) and 50 with peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis (PMCA). COX-2 was expressed in neoplastic mucinous epithelium of 30 cases (40%): 20 in PMCA (40%), 10 in DPAM (40%). Weak ...
Moriishi Misaki - - 2006
The usefulness of icodextrin-containing peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution for the management of body fluid and blood pressure has been reported. However, icodextrin PD solution is a foreign solution in the body, and the possible induction of intraperitoneal inflammation has been reported. In this study, we investigated at 6-month intervals the ...
Chou Ming-Yen - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare dialysance and ultrafiltration (UF) of peritoneum in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: A total of 162 adult patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (40 DM and 122 non-DM patients) were studied with the peritoneal equilibration test (PET) using 2.5% glucose ...
Tokmak Handan - - 2006
While continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) offers several advantages over hemodialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease, several complications have been recognized. The intraperitoneal instillation of dialysate increases intra-abdominal pressure and consequently predisposes the patient to leaks and herniations through defects in the abdominal wall. The use of an intraperitoneal ...
Griveas Ioannis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of the blood immunophenotype of CAPD patients with and without peritonitis and to compare the phenotypes of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and peritoneal lymphocytes (PL) in CAPD patients with peritonitis. METHODS: Fifty-seven CAPD patients (20 with peritonitis and 37 ...
Axelsson Jonas - - 2006
Patients on peritoneal dialysis suffer from an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, obesity, insulin resistance, as well as a markedly increased mortality rate. In both the general population and in renal patients current research implicates fat tissue as an important factor in modulating many of these complications through the secretion ...
Tarlo Susan M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical associations between peritoneal dialysis (PD) and cough. METHODOLOGY: A literature review was performed on PubMed for articles published between 1983 and 2004 using the search terms "dialysis" and "cough." RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving PD are more likely to develop a cough than other patients with end-stage ...
Brunini T M C - - 2006
1. Treatment with haemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) presents different pathophysiological profiles and it has been suggested that clinical outcome in chronic renal failure may depend on the mode of dialysis. The transport of L-arginine, a precursor of nitric oxide, into blood cells is increased in uraemic patients ...
Borràs Mercè - - 2006
In the present study, we identified patients who had difficulties learning the minimum knowledge and skills required to carry out peritoneal dialysis (PD), and we compared the outcomes in this subgroup of patients with outcomes in the general PD population. We calculated the mean learning sessions needed by our total ...
Kumakiri Jun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the availability of a primary laparoscopic approach for a patient with previous laparotomy and to assess postoperative adhesion to the abdominal wall.. METHODS: A total of 172 patients with a history of laparotomy who were undergoing laparoscopic surgery in our hospital were evaluated. The primary trocar insertion ...
Chen Kuan-Hsing - - 2006
Candida parapsilosis is the most prevalent pathogen of fungal peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD). The difference between C. parapsilosis peritonitis and other C. species for clinical outcomes and treatment responses to fungal peritonitis remains unclear. This retrospective study of fungal peritonitis attempts to answer that question. A total 22 patients ...
Chung Frances - - 2005
PURPOSE: A study was undertaken to identify the characteristics and outcomes of ambulatory surgical patients without an escort. CLINICAL FEATURES: During a 38-month period, the incidence of patients without an escort at one tertiary care institution was 0.2% (60/28,391). Five patients had their surgery cancelled. The other 55 patients had ...
Levitski-Heikkila Teresa V - - 2005
We describe a patient receiving long-term peritoneal dialysis who experienced 2 episodes of peritonitis in successive months caused by unusual bacteria of environmental origin: Agrobacterium radiobacter, Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, and Corynebacterium aquaticum. A radiobacter and P oryzihabitans occurred simultaneously in the first episode of peritonitis, and C aquaticum, in the second ...
Ellis C Neal - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cocaine use has been reported to cause gastrointestinal complications. This retrospective review describes the presentation and clinical course of cocaine-associated enterocolitis. METHODS: Charts with a diagnoses of colitis or abdominal pain, between 1991 to 2001, were reviewed for a positive urine drug screen or documented cocaine use. Data about ...
Otsuka Yasushi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological characteristics of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), such as its high incidence in patients with long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment, and the onset of EPS after patients are switched to hemodialysis (HD) may indicate an activated pathological process after PD withdrawal, especially in long-term PD patients. Accordingly, we ...
Sadiq Saud A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) is an effective treatment for severe spasticity. In ambulatory patients with spasticity, it is possible that ITB treatment may compromise ambulatory function by unmasking underlying muscle weakness. This retrospective study is designed to determine the long-term ambulatory function in patients receiving ITB. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with ...
Buchweitz Olaf - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cyclooxygenase (COX-2) expression within different endometriotic lesions and to assess whether these expression patterns correlate with clinical characteristics. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy patients with histologically confirmed exclusively peritoneal (n=20), ovarian (n=19) or deep-infiltrating (n=31) endometriosis and a detailed medical history. INTERVENTION: Immunohistochemical ...
Eide P K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although the mean intracranial pressure (ICP) is normal in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), there could possibly be alterations in their single ICP waves. METHOD: Thirty-nine consecutive patients treated for iNPH with ventriculo-peritoneal shunts were followed prospectively with regard to clinical and radiological findings. Changes in clinical ...
Chang Ko - - 2005
The clinical features in patients with acute Q fever are variable. We present a patient with fever, abdominal distension, pericardial effusion, and diffuse gallium uptake in the abdominal cavity, mimicking peritonitis or peritoneum carcinomatosis. Serologic surveys revealed acute infection by Coxiella burnetii. The patient responded poorly to doxycycline and improved ...
Theodoridis Marios - - 2005
Although subcutaneous administration of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is a widely accepted recommendation, the lowest possible frequency of an efficient dosing regimen remains controversial. Darbepoetin alpha, a new erythropoiesis-stimulating protein with a threefold longer serum half-life compared with rHuEPO, has greater in vivo ...
Rebora Alfredo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) from androgenetic alopecia (AGA) may be difficult especially when associated in the same patient. OBSERVATIONS: One hundred consecutive patients with hair loss who were clinically diagnosed as having CTE, AGA, AGA + CTE, or remitting CTE. Patients washed their hair in the sink in ...
Sezer Siren - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal transport status is one of the main determinants of dialysis adequacy and dialysis-related complications in end-stage renal disease patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). In this study we aimed to investigate the relationship between peritoneal transport characteristics and known promoters of atherosclerosis in a group of patients ...
Troidle Laura L New Haven CAPD, Renal Research Institute, Hospital of St Raphael and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2005
C-reactive protein (CRP) levels increase during peritonitis. Little is known about the extent and duration of CRP elevation. Patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) therapy had a baseline CRP value at the start of the study. CRP values were determined at 48 h, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after an ...
Belay Ermias D - - 2005
The only variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) patient identified in the United States died in 2004, and the diagnosis was confirmed by analysis of autopsy tissue. The patient likely acquired the disease while growing up in Great Britain before immigrating to the United States in 1992. Additional vCJD patients continue to ...
Lam Man Fai - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infection is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. The increased susceptibility to infection is probably secondary to the impaired immune defence in uraemia and other co-morbid factors such as diabetes mellitus. Peritonitis remains the most common and major complication in the treatment ...
Turhan Pinar - - 2005
This prospective study was conducted to assess dialysate cancer antigen 125 (dCA125) levels in pediatric peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and to investigate whether it exhibits any alterations during or after recovery from peritonitis, and also to analyze the relationships between dCA125 and age, duration of PD treatment, peritonitis incidence, time ...
Ekim Mesiha - - 2005
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD). In contrast to the adult population, there are few studies regarding EPS in paediatric CPD patients, and the majority of reported patients are from Japan. The aim of the present report is to define the incidence of ...
McLaws Mary-Louise - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the conventional rate for central venous catheter (CVC)-associated bloodstream infection (BSI) accurately reflects risk for patients exposed for a variety of in situ periods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Intensive care unit patients (n = 1,375) were monitored for 7,467 CVC-days. They were monitored until catheter removal, until ...
Celebiler Ozhan O Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2005
Scarring is the most frequent cause of dissatisfaction both for the surgeons and for the patients in breast reduction surgery. Some of the techniques used today use the classic inverted T scar. An inverted T scar is a combination of three separate scars (periareolar, vertical, and inframammary). To the authors' ...
Heaf J G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminaemia is common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and has an associated high mortality. An excess morbidity and mortality has previously been found in patients with high peritoneal transport. A high peritoneal large pore fluid flux (Jv(L)) results in increased peritoneal loss of protein that possibly contributes to patient ...
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