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Results 151 - 200 of 1086
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Altay Mustafa - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although dyspepsia is very common in uremic patients, there is not much data on the prevalence of dyspepsia undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The aims of this study are to assess the prevalence of dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori, and the association between dyspeptic symptoms and diabetes. METHODS: ...
Ionescu Camelia - - 2008
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the first option for patients in end stage renal disease (ESRD). Several complications such as peritonitis, exit-site or tunnels infections are encountered during PD. Other complications such as pain, proteic malnutrition, hyperglycemia, hypertension, cardiac failure are described in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or ...
Nakwan N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate peritonitis in children receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) in southern Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients who received PD at the Department of Pediatrics, Prince of Songkla University from January 1994 to December 2003. RESULTS: Forty-six patients had PD performed for 228.6 patient-months. Their ...
Roth J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with an advanced-stage glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) often show general motor, gait, and cognitive deterioration. Some have radiological evidence of ventriculomegaly, but the relevance of this to their symptoms may be unclear. Distinction between tumour patients who have dilated fluid spaces as a consequence of tissue loss from surgery ...
Ram R - - 2008
AIMS: The clinical features, treatment and outcome of fungal peritonitis (FP) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients were examined. METHODS: Dialysis records of all 303 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients initiated on CAPD treatment between January 1998 and February 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: In the 303 patients dialysed ...
Hayashi Akiko - - 2008
Few studies have revealed the impact of tele-coaching on patients with intractable diseases, including intractable neurological diseases. This study aimed to analyze and describe subjective evaluations of coaches and intervention subjects on the functions of tele-coaching intervention for patients with spinocerebellar degeneration. This qualitative descriptive study was conducted between December ...
Al-Mazrou Khalid A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study biofilm formation on the epithelial surfaces of tonsils and adenoids in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy (T&A). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS: Between September 2005 and August 2006, 76 patients (mean [SD] age, 5.7 [3.3] years; age range, 1-18 years; male-female ratio, 1.8:1) undergoing T&A to ...
Munir Alia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Insulinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours that are usually small and may take time to localize. They cause recurrent life-threatening spontaneous hypoglycaemia. Recurrent hypoglycaemia causes loss of hypoglycaemia awareness, putting the patient at further risk, but this has rarely been described in insulinoma. We describe the utility of continuous glucose ...
Fabian Velasco Rosaura - - 2008
Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) has been considered as the ideal dialysis modality for pediatric patients. This study reports the 3-year APD experience with 458 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) children who started APD in a single pediatric center in Mexico City between June 2003 and June 2006. By June 2003, there ...
Lee Tsung-Chun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The peritoneum is subject to alterations in the life-long course of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Studies of the parietal peritoneum by non-invasive ultrasonography in PD patients are limited. We hypothesize that a prolonged PD duration is associated with a thicker peritoneum on ultrasonography and alterations in Doppler indexes of mesenteric ...
Narula Vimal K - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a rapidly evolving technique providing access to the peritoneum utilizing an endoscope via a natural orifice. One of the most significant requirements of this technique is the need to minimize the risk of clinically significant peritoneal contamination. We report the bacterial load ...
Thakur C P - - 2007
Bihar State of India has been an endemic State for kala-azar. There has been many phases of DDT sprays for vector control. An outbreak of kala-azar occurred in Goanpura, 6 km from Patna, Bihar, in 2003. We undertook this study with a new approach of kala-azar elimination in this village ...
Soulié Cathia - - 2007
As immune recovery during HAART is mainly caused by the expansion of X4-naive cells, we studied the evolution of HIV tropism in the reservoir of 34 patients receiving 48 weeks of HAART. No change in virus tropism was observed over time, but patients with X4 viruses had higher HIV-1 proviral ...
Zhe Xing-wei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A high peritoneal transport status in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is associated with a markedly increased morbidity and mortality. While the causes are as yet unknown, overall the proportion of deaths due to cardiovascular disease is estimated at 40-50% among dialysis patients. Arterial stiffness has been established ...
Mojahedi Mohammad Javad - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal effluent cancer antigen 125 (CA125) concentration is a marker of mesothelial cell mass in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Accordingly, we aimed to observe the effects of CAPD duration, sex, and peritoneal membrane efficacy on CA125 levels in peritoneal effluent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 30 patients ...
Mehrotra Rajnish - - 2007
In the United States, chronic peritoneal dialysis take-on has declined among incident ESRD patients. Although increasing age, co-morbidity, and body size may explain part of this decline, other factors likely contribute. Among incident ESRD patients in the United States, we found that peritoneal dialysis take-on significantly decreased from 11% in ...
Yilmaz Fatma Meriç - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is an important complication in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Procalcitonin (PCT) has recently been identified as an inflammation marker and recommended as a new potential marker in CAPD peritonitis. We aimed to study a card test for PCT and compare the results with the conventional markers ...
Brown Fiona - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis remains one of the major complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and results in reduced technique survival and increased patient morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We prospectively recorded comprehensive data on all episodes of PD peritonitis over a 25-year period, including organisms isolated and antibiotic sensitivities. Data on 1588 PD ...
Yip Terence - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The ISPD 2005 guidelines for peritonitis recommend antibiotic prophylaxis for patients undergoing colonoscopy with polypectomy while on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) but there is little literature to support this recommendation. This study aimed to look into the risks and outcomes of peritonitis after colonoscopy in CAPD patients. PATIENTS ...
Zhe Xing-wei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal resting has been used to restore peritoneal ultrafiltration capacity in peritoneal dialysis patients. Therefore, in the present study, we made a detailed investigation on the effects of peritoneal resting on peritoneal fluid transport characteristics in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: A temporary transfer to daytime ...
Krediet R T - - 2007
New peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have a better survival than new haemodialysis (HD) patients in the first years on dialysis. During long-term treatment, this changes into a survival advantage for HD. The superior initial survival on PD is related to a better preservation of residual renal function of PD patients ...
Lee Larry L Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: There is an emerging demand for inter-facility transport (IFT) of patients in recent years following changes in the healthcare framework in Hong Kong but this carries certain risks. Anticipation of possible deterioration of patients is important for patient safety and therefore risk stratification of patients before transport is important. ...
Takac Iztok - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of tumor cell dissemination after saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). A retrospective study was conducted on 173 patients with EC in whom one of the following methods were performed: dilation and curettage (D&C, n = ...
Ota Kyuma - - 2007
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis is a common problem in patients on peritoneal dialysis, and the bacteriological diagnosis is important for the treatment of this condition. We used Hybrizep (a method for detecting the genes of bacteria ingested in phagocytes), to detect the causative bacterium in a 50-year-old woman ...
Rodriguez D - - 2007
Removal of central venous catheters (CVCs) from candidaemic patients is considered the reference standard of care, although this practice is not always possible. The impact of prompt catheter removal on outcome was investigated by analysing data from an active population-based surveillance study in Barcelona, Spain. Patients with candidaemia and a ...
Takac Iztok - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of tumor cell dissemination according to diagnostic modality in patients with endometrial cancer. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 146 patients with endometrial cancer in whom one of the following diagnostic methods was performed: dilation and curettage (D&C, ...
Ros Silvia - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cystatin C (CysC) is a nonglycosylated protein of low molecular weight not influenced by age, sex or inflammation. The aim of this paper is to ascertain the usefulness of serum CysC level determination in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CysC serum levels were determined in 80 PD ...
Mehrotra Rajnish - - 2007
The proportion of incident U.S. patients with end-stage renal disease starting chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) has historically been low. The low take-on for CPD in the United States is likely multifactorial, but limited physician training and inadequate pre-dialysis patient education appear to be particularly important. Furthermore, two key changes have ...
Saha Heikki H T - - 2007
In the present article, we review current knowledge of the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of peripheral vascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease. The main focus is placed on diabetic patients receiving peritoneal dialysis, but studies on patients receiving hemodialysis are also reviewed, because most reports involve this patient ...
Johns E M - - 2007
Purpose Patients with end stage renal failure on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) represent a potentially infected environment in which to use mesh for the repair of abdominal hernia. We present a review of our experience with these patients. Methodology Retrospective review of all mesh repairs of abdominal hernia in ...
Ammirati Adriano Luiz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been described in hemodialysis patients, and severe CAC has been associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular events in this population. Little information is available regarding peritoneal patients. AIM: To prospectively evaluate peritoneal dialysis patients in order to identify the variables associated with ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2007
Individuals undergoing peritoneal dialysis are at increased risk of developing cardiac disease and malnutrition. A cross-sectional survey. 249 Chinese continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients were recruited from the Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. Another 249 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited from an archive of 1,010 individuals ...
Blunden Mark - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin and gentamicin in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and the influence of antibiotic concentrations on treatment outcome. Concerns about resistance to ceftazidime and potential of aminoglycoside toxicity make the choice of empiric antibiotic difficult. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 613 ...
Asrani Ashwin - - 2007
The objective of this study was to validate the Enhanced Peritoneal Stripe Sign (EPSS) in diagnosing pneumoperitoneum in patients presenting with acute abdomen. The EPSS was described as a specific sonographic sign of pneumoperitoneum in an animal model and few patients who had undergone laparoscopy (Muradali et al. in Am ...
Archodovassilis Fotios - - 2007
Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a relatively uncommon disorder, seen primarily in elderly patients with cardiac disease, and is characterized by progressive intestinal ischemia leading to infarction, sepsis, and death. It is suspected of being the underlying cause in at least 20% - 30% of acute mesenteric ischemia patients. End-stage ...
Hoshino Shigeki - - 2007
Vpr, an accessory gene product of HIV-1, has been reported in the plasma of HIV-1-positive patients, and exogenous Vpr induces the reactivation of viral production from latently infected cells and the apoptosis of T cells in vitro. These observations imply that Vpr is important in AIDS development, but the clinical ...
McCaughan J A - - 2007
A recent study, looking at the lifetime risk of developing malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), estimated the risk to be 8-13%. Prior to this, longitudinal studies had shown that patients with NF1 had a risk of 4-5% of developing MPNST, and cross-sectional ...
Zhang Xinmei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in peritoneal fluid (PF) and serum in patients with endometriosis. DESIGN: A prospective analytical study. SETTING: University-affiliated obstetrics and gynecology academic training hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred eighteen patients underwent laparoscopy for benign gynecologic diseases. INTERVENTION(S): Peripheral blood and PF were ...
Lam Man Fai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The serum leptin level is elevated in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and associated with a loss of lean body mass. The nutritional status of PD patients may further be worsened following peritonitis. We investigated the association between hyperleptinaemia, inflammation and malnourishment in PD-related peritonitis. METHODS: We conducted a ...
Duzovali Oznur - - 2007
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is an alternative treatment approach in the management of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). However, few reports have investigated the optimal treatment schedule of ECP. We treated seven pediatric patients with steroid-resistant or -dependent cGVHD with ECP. Using the Therakos UVAR XTS system, ECP was begun three (three ...
Prasad Narayan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of nutritional status on peritonitis in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a developing country. METHODS: 56 patients with end-stage renal disease on CAPD were randomly selected for this study. These patients were assessed for nutritional status and peritonitis episodes. Nutritional parameters were ...
Rees L M - - 2007
Breathing system filters are intended to prevent cross-infection during anaesthesia. However, there is a lack of information on whether filters prevent contamination of the breathing system by the patient. We measured the contamination of 235 used filters of four different types obtained from operating theatres: two pleated hydrophobic (BB25M and ...
Tongsong Theera - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sonographic features of tuberculous peritonitis in an attempt to facilitate the recognition of this disorder preoperatively. METHODS: The sonographic findings of 16 patients who had tuberculous peritonitis were reviewed. RESULTS: The sonographic findings showed that 14 of the 16 patients ...
Maksić Doko - - 2007
Cytokines are essential mediators of immune response and inflammatory reactions. Patients with chronic renal failure and on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis commonly present abnormalities of immune function related to impaired kidney function, accumulation of uremic toxins and bioincompatibility of peritoneal dialysis solutions. Aim of this study was to examine effects ...
Duranay Murat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, there are no data about the comparison of the incidence of peritonitis among PD solution types. The aim of the present study was to compare the incidence of peritonitis among PD solutions in ...
Mapar Mohammad Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Minoxidil solution stimulates hair growth in androgenetic alopecia. In order to maintain any beneficial effect, applications must continue indefinitely. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ratio of patients who were satisfied with the drug and continued to use it versus those who were displeased and did ...
Pérez-Flores Isabel - - 2007
In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, we analyzed the relationship between residual renal function (RRF) and well-known predictors of mortality such as anemia, inflammation, and nutrition. We also investigated possible associations between the foregoing parameters and cardiovascular comorbidity, peritoneal transport rate, statin and antihypertensive treatments, and ultrafiltration volume. Our study enrolled ...
Okada Saiko - - 2007
In the past, hyperparathyroidism was not generally a major problem in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). However, in conjunction with disturbances in serum phosphate, Ca, and CaxP product, hyperparathyroidism has become a serious problem in the cardiovascular diseases of patients with end-stage renal disease-even patients undergoing CAPD. We ...
Kumar Yogesh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of patients with secondary bacterial peritonitis depends on the production of superoxides involved in bacterial killing and the endogenous level of antioxidants. The prognostic significance of their levels has not previously been investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients undergoing surgery for secondary peritonitis were prospectively evaluated. ...
Duman Soner - - 2007
Loss of peritoneal function is a major factor leading to failure of treatment in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the precise biologic mechanisms responsible for these changes have not been defined, the general assumption is that alterations in peritoneal function are related to structural changes in the peritoneal membrane. The aim ...
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