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Maksic Doko - - 2009
Our cross-sectional study included 44 patients (27 men, 17 women; mean age: 57.12 +/- 16.66 years; mean dialysis treatment period: 3.59 +/- 2.67 years) on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Of the 44 patients, 21 were using standard solutions (Stay*Safe, ANDY-disc: Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany), and 23 were ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2009
Technique survival in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) depends mostly on clearances in relation to body size and residual renal function (RRF). Our clinical impression has been that when RRF fails, larger patients leave CAPD sooner than smaller patients do. Peritoneal equilibration tests (PETs) and 24-hour adequacy evaluations performed in ...
Gotloib Lazaro - - 2009
The management of a handful of non renal clinical conditions includes peritoneal dialysis (PD) as a therapeutic tool. Peritoneal lavage after abdominal surgery is still performed in infectious peritonitis and cases of necrotizing hemorrhagic pancreatitis. Use of PD in active psoriasis resulted in approximately 40 papers reporting mostly isolated cases ...
Oygar Duriye Deren - - 2009
Although less common than bacterial peritonitis, fungal peritonitis is associated with much higher morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to determine the risk factors for fungal peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. The records of 109 peritoneal dialysis patients were analyzed. A total of 86 episodes of peritonitis attacks ...
Gangji Azim S - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Volume expansion in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. The link between inflammation and hypervolemia has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to determine if an association exists between hypervolemia and markers of inflammation in PD patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional ...
Kawanishi Hideki - - 2009
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is an intestinal obstruction syndrome in which peritoneal deterioration and intraperitoneal inflammation result in intestinal adhesions, which are covered with a fibrin capsule and which cause bowel obstruction. Here, we report the case of a patient with EPS suspected to result from the use of icodextrin ...
Arinola Og - - 2009
Recently, it is proposed that oxidant-antioxidant imbalance may have a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The present study was performed to assess differences in plasma levels of nitric oxide (as oxidant), caeruloplasmin (secondary antioxidant), and antioxidant trace metals (Zn, Se, Mn, Cu and Fe) in patients with schizophrenia compared ...
Chuang Ya-Wen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypokalaemia is a relatively common complication in uraemic patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The hazards of hypokalaemia are multiple and have been correlated with patient morbidity and mortality. Whether it is associated with increased risk of peritonitis remains to be addressed. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed our CAPD ...
Park Sung-Won - - 2008
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is commonly used for renal replacement therapy in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. We investigated the changes of peritoneal transport characteristics, nutritional status, and adequacy and inflammation parameters in diabetic CAPD patients (N = 17) compared to non-diabetic patients (N = 23). Peritoneal equilibrium testing, nutritional, ...
Kabat-Koperska Joanna - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) is the most common complication of dialysis in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. OBJECTIVES: The study analyzes incidence of PDRP, pathogens responsible for the disease and response to treatment in patients at the Peritoneal Dialysis Clinic of the Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal ...
Gu Yue - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. It has been reported that female and elderly diabetes mellitus (DM) patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) had a higher risk of death. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. The present ...
Shu Kuo-Hsiung - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We have previously demonstrated that hypokalaemia is a risk factor for enteric peritonitis in CAPD patients. The underlying mechanism is unclear, and there have been no similar reports. We hypothesized that hypokalaemia may result in dysmotility of the intestinal tract and in turn cause bacterial overgrowth and subclinical translocation ...
Chhabra Darshika - - 2008
Peritoneal dialysis is a home dialysis therapy in which a fluid known as dialysate is placed into the patient's peritoneal cavity. The standard dialysate consists of a concentrated dextrose solution. Icodextrin is a glucose polymer that can be substituted for dextrose with avoidance of some of the glucose-dependant effects. The ...
Honda Masataka - - 2008
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is the most serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD), with a mortality rate that exceeds 30%. There have been many reports of the incidence of EPS being strongly correlated to the duration of PD. Patients on PD for longer than 5 years, and especially those ...
Hosfield Elizabeth M - - 2008
Peritoneal dialysis is commonly used to treat patients with end-stage renal disease. Patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis develop edema and fibrosis of the peritoneal membrane, but the morphologic effects on the organs of the female genital tract are obscure. We noted squamous metaplasia of the ovarian surface epithelium in a ...
Swinnen S G H A - - 2009
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this analysis was to quantify the relationship between the frequency of hypoglycaemia and various glucose cut-off points for the definition of hypoglycaemia, within a range of HbA(1c) strata. METHODS: Data from two trials examining insulin glargine dose titration in 12,837 type 2 diabetic participants starting insulin ...
Sluzki Carlos E - - 2008
The treatment of a Mexican American patient who was referred due to hallucinations reveals a world of 'magic realism' that is far from infrequent in elderly people with a small and dwindling social network--especially if they come from cultures where the boundaries between the inner and the outer world are ...
Brown Edwina A - - 2008
On haemodialysis, my life was not my own - handing control to nursing staff for 4 hours, 3 days a week, surrounded by noisy machines and unhappy patients, returning home after 11 hours, too exhausted to eat and falling into bed. However, peritoneal dialysis has given me back my life. ...
Prasad Narayan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has been an established modality of renal replacement therapy in India for a decade, but there is a paucity of published data on the outcome of CAPD patients in India. We analyzed our data to determine the overall predictors of survival and compared patient ...
Kolonko Aureliusz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An early and reliable diagnostic procedure for acute peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) without typical clinical symptoms remains an important challenge in modern nephrology. During the first days of peritonitis, establishing the diagnosis based on peritoneal effluent pleocytosis and inflammatory markers [C-reactive protein (CRP) or interleukin-6] is ...
Barcz Ewa - - 2008
Endometriosis is a common, complex and chronic disease related to ectopic implantation and growth of endometrial tissue that may manifest by pelvic pain, and accounts for over 20% of all cases of infertility in women. Endometriosis may be associated with increased levels of leptin in peritoneal fluid. However, the association ...
Foschi F G - - 2008
PURPOSE: Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as the accumulation of pleural effusion in a cirrhotic patient in the absence of pulmonary or cardiac disease. Peritoneal fluid can pass into the pleural space through diaphragmatic fenestrations. The demonstration of such passage is important to establish the diagnosis of hepatic hydrothorax and can ...
Martone W J - - 2008
AIM: To compare and contrast the characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients who have received daptomycin as outpatients and inpatients. METHODS: The Cubicin Outcomes Registry and Experience (CORE) is a retrospective chart review of patients who have received daptomycin in participating institutions. Patients treated in 2005 were included in this ...
Charles Janice - - 2008
Female patients were significantly more likely to present (8 per 1000 encounters) at upper abdominal encounters than were males (6 per 1000). Female patients were over represented (64.5%) compared with total BEACH (56.8%), as were patients of non-English speaking background and patients aged 25-64 years. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ...
Yehia Maha - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Symptoms may persist, requiring an emergency laparotomy. Although increasingly used, we find that, in PD patients, abdominal computerized tomography (CT) is ineffective in determining significant pathology. This study was undertaken to assess the diagnostic ...
Liao Chia-Te - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Loss of residual renal function (RRF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is a powerful predictor of mortality. The present study was conducted to determine the predictors of faster decline of RRF in PD patients in Taiwan. METHODS: The study enrolled 270 patients starting PD between January 1996 and December ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with kidney disease are at high risk of developing 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency. OBJECTIVE: We studied the association between serum 25(OH)D status and clinical outcomes of chronic peritoneal dialysis patients. DESIGN: We measured serum 25(OH)D concentrations in 230 prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients and then followed these patients prospectively ...
Karaosmanoglu Devrim - - 2009
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with peritoneal, omental and mesenteric lymphoma involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched our archive retrospectively to find out patients with peritoneal, omental and mesenteric lymphoma involvement. We found 16 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma meeting these criteria. CT studies of ...
Nessim Sharon J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Peritonitis caused by enteric organisms in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is associated with greater morbidity and mortality than peritonitis with non-enteric organisms. One reported risk factor for enteric peritonitis (EP) is gastric acid suppression, with two small studies providing conflicting results. The objective of this study was to determine, ...
Zhe Xing-wei - - 2008
While cardiovascular disease accounts for 40-50% of the mortality in dialysis patients, and while a high peritoneal transport in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is an independent predictor of outcome, it is unclear if there are any links. Aortic stiffness has become established as a cardiovascular risk factor. We thus ...
Lee Seoung Woo - - 2008
PURPOSE: Equations are frequently used to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE) in a clinical setting. However, few studies have examined their accuracy in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To investigate agreement between indirect calorimetry and several REE estimating equations in 38 ESRD patients on peritoneal dialysis, we ...
Lousse Jean-Christophe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To further investigate peritoneal iron disruption in endometriosis by studying iron storage in peritoneal macrophages of patients with endometriosis compared with controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic gynecology research unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty patients undergoing laparoscopy. INTERVENTION(S): Collection of peritoneal fluid samples (N = 50) from ...
Chen W - - 2008
In the present study, we compared the clinical outcomes between two different modes of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and explored the possible role of volume overload in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. A longitudinal and a cross-sectional study were included. Patients received either an 'adaptative ultrafiltration (UF)' PD regimen, which ...
Del Peso G - - 2008
Ultrafiltration (UF) failure is a consequence of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Fibrosis, angiogenesis, and vasculopathy are causes of this functional disorder after 3-8 years on PD. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of mesothelial cell (MC) is a key process leading to peritoneal fibrosis with functional deterioration. Our purpose was to study the ...
Fairbanks Flávia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 levels in the serum and peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Interleukin-12 and IL-18 levels were compared in 105 patients submitted to laparoscopy because of symptoms suggestive of endometriosis (pain and/or infertility). The disease ...
Van Hoving D J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The South African setting lends itself to the extensive use of air transport. There is a perception with healthcare providers that flight crews spend too much time with a patient before departure. The main advantage of aero medical transport is to minimise the delay to definitive care and prolonged ...
Selgas Rafael - - 2008
The treatment of cirrhotic patients with ascites and end-stage renal disease is complex, due mainly to decreased effective arterial volume and hemodynamic instability. Peritoneal dialysis as a continuous therapy represents an alternative to hemodialysis-related intolerance. We report on our experience and that of others with cirrhotic patients with ascites treated ...
Yokoyama K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). The aim of this study was to find a predictor for EPS. METHODS: Patients with EPS who were detected by a historical cohort study using clinical data of ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2008
AIM: This study examined the clinical significance of patients complicated by circumvallate placenta in comparison with patients with a normal placenta. METHODS: Data were collected from 139 singleton deliveries complicated by circumvallate placenta and from 7666 unaffected controls managed at Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital between 2002 and 2005. ...
Lin Hsin-Chi - - 2008
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been applied to patients with end-stage renal disease for more than 2 decades. It should raise physicians' concern about the serious complications of prolonged PD therapy, particularly encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), the most potentially life-threatening one. The prevalence and mortality rate of EPS increase as PD ...
Hughes Jenevieve H - - 2008
This study aims to validate radioactive seed localization (RSL) as an alternative to wire localization (WL) in the operative excision of nonpalpable breast lesions. Eligible patients were recruited sequentially. A sample of 99 patients treated with WL was compared to the next 383 patients treated with RSL. Margins were considered ...
Paniagua Ramon - - 2008
Natriuretic peptides have been suggested to be of value in risk stratification in dialysis patients. Data in patients on peritoneal dialysis remain limited. Patients of the ADEMEX trial (ADEquacy of peritoneal dialysis in MEXico) were randomized to a control group [standard 4 x 2L continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD); n ...
Dirisamer Albert - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate peritoneal carcinomatosis in patients with gastrointestinal and gynecologic malignancies and to assess the diagnostic role for 18-FDG-PET and MDCT alone in comparison to the diagnostic accuracy of fused 18F-FDG-PET/MDCT by using surgical and histopathological findings as the standard of reference. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Sixty-two patients (13 males, ...
Vogel Yilin - - 2008
The number of cases of tuberculosis as a complication in people with immunodeficiency, people on immunosuppressive therapy and among the immigrant population is increasing in Germany. However, tuberculous peritonitis rarely occurs without these risks, particularly in Germans. The incidence of tuberculous peritonitis in Germany is very low; tuberculosis of the ...
Zhe Xing-wei - - 2008
Volume control is critical for peritoneal dialysis. Although peritoneal equilibration test (PET) has been used to clarify the peritoneal membrane characteristics, it is not able to adequately predict peritoneal fluid removal and optimize appropriately the dwell time. In the present study, we applied computer simulation and performed a more detailed ...
Pajek Jernej - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the local peritoneal and systemic inflammatory effects of a conventional lactate-based (Lac) peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution and a new biocompatible bicarbonate/lactate-based (Bic/Lac) solution having low concentration of glucose degradation products. METHODS: 26 stable, prevalent PD patients were enrolled in this prospective study. They ...
Huang Wen-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness as determined by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) has been demonstrated to predict cardiovascular events or mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. Peritoneal function and residual renal function (RRF) both are important for patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). No association has yet been established between arterial ...
Fourtounas Costas - - 2008
One of the main goals of dialysis is the control of extracellular volume, because inadequate sodium and fluid removal result in fluid overload and increased mortality. In the present study, we evaluated the roles of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), and the use of icodextrin ...
Lichodziejewska-Niemierko M - - 2008
Salt intake in XXI century in an average person exceeds 10-15 grams per day. The key organ responsible for sodium regulation is kidney and renal failure patients present with positive sodium balance. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients rising hypertension is often connected with volume overload and sodium retention. The reasons ...
Zhe Xing-wei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Overall, the proportion of deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) reached 40-50% in dialysis patients. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) reflects arterial stiffness and may provide an integrated index of vascular status and CVD risk. Individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are well-established cardiovascular risk factors. Thus we conducted ...
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