Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1087
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Ejaz A A - - 1998
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of long-term persistent peritoneal fluid eosinophilia on the peritoneal membrane as reflected by a change in dialysis function. This was a prospective study undertaken at a community-based peritoneal dialysis unit, where thirty-one patients were enrolled over a 9-month period. Chronic, long-term peritoneal ...
Selgas R - - 1998
One of main challenges of peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the functional and vital long-term stability of the peritoneal membrane. Few longitudinal and controlled studies on peritoneal function have been published, and the results are somewhat contradictory. We have performed a longitudinal study with 90 patients. The overall analysis has shown ...
Afthentopoulos I E - - 1998
Sclerosing peritonitis (SP) is a severe life-threatening condition for patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). This report reviews our experience and that reported in the literature concerning the prevalence of SP in CAPD patients, predisposing factors, and in particular, the role of peritonitis, its clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and ...
Flanigan M J - - 1998
The 1996 Peritoneal Dialysis-Core Indicators Study (PD-CIS) retrospectively reviews a random sample of peritoneal dialysis patients from the United States End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) program. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are more likely to have a primary diagnosis of glomerulonephritis, less likely to be of African-American heritage, and are younger than ...
Hadimeri H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are specific complications to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) due to defects in various wall structures--causing hernia and diverticulitis--and to enlarged kidneys. DESIGN: The clinical experience of CAPD in 26 patients with ADPKD, treated for 11+/-6 ...
van Spronsen F J - - 1998
In phenylketonuria (PKU), the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is deficient, resulting in a decreased conversion of phenylalanine (Phe) into tyrosine (Tyr). The severity of the disease is expressed as the tolerance for Phe at 5 yr of age. In PKU patients it is assumed that the decreased conversion of Phe into ...
Wang H K - - 1998
Thirty five patients with tuberculous peritonitis were studied retrospectively. Tuberculous peritonitis was defined as the isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from ascites or dialysate, and/or caseating granuloma/acid-fast bacilli from peritoneal biopsy specimens from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis or a response to treatment for tuberculosis. Among the patients studied, nine with cirrhosis ...
Vychytil A - - 1998
The mechanisms leading to elevated total homocysteine concentrations in peritoneal dialysis patients are only partially understood. We show that a common polymorphism in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (C677T transition) results in increased total homocysteine levels in peritoneal dialysis patients compared to age- and sex-matched healthy individuals. The allelic frequency ...
Wang T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that increased peritoneal membrane permeability is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients. It is not known, however, whether the difference in clinical outcome among different peritoneal transport groups is due to differences in peritoneal fluid and solute removal. In the present study, ...
Tokatli A - - 1998
A retrospective study was performed on the clinical outcome of 23 patients with citrullinemia diagnosed during the last 20 years in our clinic. The study group consisted of 13 patients with the neonatal form of the disease, four patients with the subacute form, five patients with the late-onset form and ...
Walts A E - - 1998
Review of 275 consecutive peritoneal lavages and concurrent histologic material from gynecologic operations suggested that cytologic evaluation was clinically indicated for only 60.7% of the lavages, representing 46% of the patients in the study. More than one concurrent lavage was received from 21.6% of all patients in the study, comprising ...
Afthentopoulos I E - - 1998
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hernia formation in CAPD patients and to study the effect of increased dialysate volume (2.5 l) in selected population of patients who could tolerate it. We reviewed the charts of 454 individuals treated with CAPD in our center during ...
Karagüzel G - - 1998
In adults, persistent diffuse peritonitis (PDP) having a special microbiologic spectrum is now defined as a distinct intraabdominal infection because of its aggressive clinical course. Considering also other types of peritonitis, this study was performed to determine characteristics of childhood PDP in regard to clinical picture, microbiologic features, treatment and ...
Steele M - - 1998
Protein-calorie malnutrition is commonly found in chronic CAPD patients and is a matter of concern since low serum albumin levels correlate with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Recognition of this link has therefore led to a growing interest in the efficacy of IPAA therapy as a possible treatment ...
Wig J D - - 1998
The incidence of complications of acute pancreatitis is high in patients with endotoxemia, and so we determined the endotoxin levels in the blood and peritoneal fluid of patients with acute severe pancreatitis to correlate the levels with any sequelae. Fourteen patients with acute severe pancreatitis were examined with regard to ...
Posthuma N - - 1998
Catheter-related infections result in high patient morbidity, the need for temporary haemodialysis, and high costs. These infections are the main cause of limited technique survival in peritoneal dialysis. We introduced a protocol for the simultaneous peritoneoscopic insertion and removal of peritoneal catheters in patients with catheter-related infections. Peritoneal dialysis was ...
Hossain M I - - 1998
To estimate the intra- and extracellular body water compartments during rehydration of patients with cholera and noncholera diarrhea by bioimpedance analyzer, we studied 30 patients with acute watery diarrhea. Total body water (TBW), intracellular water (ICW), and extracellular water (ECW) of severely dehydrated adult patients were measured with a dual ...
Jiffry B A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates for patients with severe peritoneal infection are high. The present study was undertaken in order to examine mortality rates in patients with severe peritoneal infection who were managed by planned re-laparotomy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients presenting at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre between ...
Martin-Mateo M C - - 1998
Some parameters indicating the possibility of oxidative stress in chronic renal failure patients (CRF) undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), are presented in this study. Oxidative stress appears to be lower than in hemodialysis patients. In a group of CRF patients and in a control group malondialdehyde (MDA) was determined ...
Selgas R - - 1998
The lack of specific information on the peritoneal-function consequences of late peritonitis episodes, and the concern about long-term consequences of peritoneal dialysis (PD), have prompted us to study the peritoneal function of long-term PD patients after a late peritonitis episode. The question is: Is the peritoneum more vulnerable to infections, ...
Caravaca F - - 1998
To investigate the risk factors associated with the development of peritonitis caused by enteral bacteria in peritoneal dialysis patients, including the prescription of gastric acid inhibitors as a potential risk factor. Retrospective single-center study. Tertiary university hospital. Fifty-five patients who entered into our continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) program during ...
Troidle L K - - 1998
Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) require admission to an extended-care facility (ECF). Few data are available concerning the development of peritonitis among continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) patients residing in an ECF. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 77 CPD patients admitted to an ECF between November 1993 and ...
Karnik A M - - 1998
Uncontrolled infection quite often leads to systemic inflammatory reaction syndrome (SIRS) and multiorgan dysfunction (MOD) syndrome. Thirty-five consecutive patients (19 males) fulfilling strict diagnostic criteria for SIRS were enrolled in two multicenter prospective double-blind trials involving new therapies for SIRS. The patients were followed prospectively up to day 28 after ...
Kim Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Diffuse peritoneal tumor infiltration is well recognized on computed tomography (CT) and is usually associated with carcinomatosis. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the CT findings of peritoneal spread from primary gastrointestinal lymphomas. METHODS: Abdominal CT scans in eight patients with peritoneal lymphomatosis were retrospectively reviewed. Patients ...
Blowey D L - - 1998
Fungal peritonitis is a rare event in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. This case report describes the blood and dialysate concentrations of fluconazole and amphotericin B following intravenous administration in a 5-month-old infant with Candida albicans peritonitis receiving continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis. Fluconazole rapidly and efficiently penetrated the peritoneal fluid achieving ...
Choi K C - - 1998
The aim of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide (NO) production is altered during peritonitis in patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and if so, whether there is an association between this alteration and the severity and prognosis of CAPD-induced peritonitis. The study population comprised 30 patients ...
Park M S - - 1998
We conducted a prospective randomized controlled study to confirm our earlier observation that prolonged subcutaneous implantation of peritoneal catheter reduced peritonitis rate when compared to retrospective data from patients with catheters placed by conventional access technique. A total of 60 patients were randomized into two groups: 30 patients had catheters ...
Jassal S V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sympathetic function in the peripheries of patients on chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) using noninvasive techniques. DESIGN: Comparison of peripheral blood flow responses in sympathetic vasoconstrictor reflexes in CAPD patients and matched control subjects. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital and research institution. PATIENTS: Twenty-three clinically stable CAPD patients ...
Yahya A I - - 1997
A 16-year-old Libyan male was admitted to the Intensive Therapy Unit (ITU) of Zliten Central Hospital after he had been hit on the abdomen by a football, his main symptom was upper abdominal pain. The patient looked pale, was dyspnoeic and had an unrecordable blood pressure level. Abdominal examination revealed ...
Saran R - - 1997
Peripheral blood smears of 20 patients with Indian Kala-azar (KA) were collected throughout the day and night and examined for presence of Leishmania amastigotes. Amastigotes were detected in 46% of peripheral blood samples taken during the day (08:00-17:00 h) and 66% and during the night (18:00-07:00 h). This difference was ...
Stegmayr B G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate mechanisms of ultrafiltration failure (UFF) in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients with UFF during CAPD compared with cross-sectionally selected controls. SETTING: University peritoneal dialysis center. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients with UFF during CAPD necessitating change to hemodialysis (n = 6) or ...
Wang Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether reactive oxygen species in peritoneal fluid might be a factor in infertility. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Andrology laboratory and gynecology clinic at a tertiary care facility. PATIENT(S): Women with endometriosis (n = 15) or idiopathic infertility (n = 11) who underwent laparoscopy for infertility. Patients undergoing ...
Kees S - - 1997
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent attacks of febrile serositis. While arthritis, pleuritis and peritonitis are common in FMF, no association of pericarditis with FMF has been described in detail. We retrospectively studied about 4000 FMF patients, using a computer chart review. Pericarditis was diagnosed when patients sustained ...
Kathuria P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine if peritoneal dialysis modality has an impact on protein losses in dialysate. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: 190 patients who had selected peritoneal dialysis were classified into one of four transport categories (high, high-average, low-average, or low) based on standard peritoneal equilibration test results. Patients were then ...
Kouraklis G - - 1997
This is a report of 21 patients treated for non-therapeutic introduction of rectal foreign bodies in our institution. Nine out of 18 patients had manual transanal extractions performed under general anaesthesia while eight patients required insertion of retractors and gynaecological forceps. In three patients the vacuum from the hollow objects ...
Palop L - - 1997
Malnutrition prevalence and immunocompetence were assessed in uremic patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Forty-two males and twenty-four females with kidney disease treated with CAPD were distributed into three groups according to the length of time they had been undergoing dialysis. Group 0 included patients beginning dialysis; group 1, ...
Nagy K K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: It has previously been shown that 98% of gunshot wounds that penetrate the peritoneal cavity cause injuries that require surgical repair. Many gunshot wounds in the vicinity of the abdomen (GSWA) may actually be tangential and not penetrate the peritoneal cavity at all. Patients with such wounds may not ...
Al Salloum A A - - 1997
In this paper we describe our experience with chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in children. Between 1984 and 1993, a total of 51 patients were treated by CAPD at King Khalid University Hospital. Eight patients were excluded from the study because of incomplete data. There were 25 boys and 18 ...
Haraguchi M - - 1997
We designed a new bag-carrier device system for continuous intravenous hyperalimentation. The patient carries it on his shoulder and can both walk up and down stairs and go out. The use of this device is simple and easy, and was found to increase the patient's opportunity to engage in physical ...
Wickel D J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to determine whether organ failure develops in patients despite control of peritoneal infection and whether the process is, in part, neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocyte [PMN]) mediated. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Peritonitis generally responds to prompt surgical intervention and systemic antibiotics; however, some patients continue a ...
Barton E N - - 1997
Dialysis adequacy (Kt/V) was investigated in two groups of patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Group I consisted of patients with serum creatinine concentration above 1200 mumol/l and Group II comprised patients with serum creatinine concentration of 600 mumol/l and less. The mean Kt/V was significantly higher in Group ...
Hendriks P M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical features of peritoneal sclerosis (PS) in a group of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and to compare potential risk factors and peritoneal transport characteristics with a control group matched for duration of PD. DESIGN: Study 1: Retrospective study of 16 PD patients with PS. Study 2: Case-control ...
Ho-dac-Pannekeet M M - - 1997
Mesothelial changes occur during peritoneal dialysis. CA125 provides a way to study the mesothelial cells in the in vivo situation. In the present study longitudinal changes of CA125 were analyzed. In addition, the appearance of CA125 in peritoneal effluent and day-to-day variability were studied. CA125 was measured in the effluent ...
Ho-dac-Pannekeet M M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Ultrafiltration failure (UFF) is a complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment that occurs especially in long-term patients. Etiological factors include a large effective peritoneal surface area [measured as high mass transfer area coefficient (MTAC) of creatinine], a high effective lymphatic absorption rate (ELAR), a large residual volume, or combinations. ...
Nagai T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the oxidative metabolism of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients compared with those of hemodialysis (HD) patients, chronic renal failure (CRF) patients not yet on dialysis, and healthy controls; and to discover factors contributing to the oxidative function in CAPD patients. PATIENTS: Thirty-five ...
Inoue Y - - 1997
Electrolyzed strong acid aqueous solution is acidic water that contains active oxygen and active chlorine and possesses a redox potential. We performed peritoneal and abscess lavages with an electrolyzed strong acid aqueous solution to treat 7 patients with peritonitis and intraperitoneal abscesses, who were seen in our department between December ...
Maccario M - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) after intra-abdominal prosthetic vascular graft surgery. We report 8 consecutive patients with end-stage renal disease, who previously underwent intra-abdominal prosthetic aortic graft replacement, treated by CAPD between November 1983 and November 1994. All patients ...
Wang T - - 1997
The viability of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD), especially once residual renal function is lost, has been challenged since recently recommended weekly targets of Kt/V of 2.1 and creatine clearance (Ccr) of 70 L/1.73 m2 may be difficult to reach. This study demonstrates the theoretical possibility of achieving these targets in ...
Adair C D - - 1997
Objectives: To evaluate the utility of intrapartum amnioinfusion (AI) in reducing the infectious morbidity of patients with meconium-stained fluid (MSF). Previous studies have shown increased intraamniotic infection (IAI) and postpartum endometritis (PPE) rates in patients with MSF. Intraamniotic infection has been reduced with the prophylactic administration of ampicillin-sulbactam in MSF. ...
al-Heresh A M - - 1997
The outcome of 106 patients started on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a single renal unit over a 3-year period was reviewed in order to compare our experience with that of other centres. The incidence of peritonitis was not different in diabetics compared with non-diabetics, in the elderly compared ...
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