Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1087
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Agarwal D K - - 2000
The variations in peritoneal equilibration test (PET) characteristics in various ethnic groups have been reported. Data are scarce regarding the pattern of membrane characteristics in Indian patients. The factors affecting PET and the PET, in turn, affecting patient outcome are controversial issues. We prospectively analyzed 41 patients to evaluate: (1) ...
Agrawal A - - 2000
High transporters on chronic peritoneal dialysis are challenged by increased protein losses, high glucose absorption with associated metabolic abnormalities, and poor ultrafiltration. Furthermore, the relative risk of mortality and technique failure is higher in high transporters than in patients of other transport types. An approach for satisfactory management of such ...
Kawanishi H - - 2000
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is recognized as a serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). To date, in our hospital, 12 cases of SEP have been successfully treated by active intervention. The development of SEP was observed in these patients after removal of a peritoneal catheter. SEP was relieved ...
Maitra S - - 2000
Thirty-six patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for more than ten years in six North American centers were analyzed retrospectively. In the six centers, the percentage of patients surviving for more than ten years varied between 0.8% and 7.3%. The study group included 27 females and 9 males aged 38.6 +/- ...
Lerner E B - - 2000
In this article we seek to determine the duration of immobilization in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). We conducted a 10-week prospective study of a convenience sample of patients transported to a level one trauma center immobilized with a backboard and cervical collar. Total backboard time (TBT) was ...
Valensi P P Department of Endocrinology-Diabetology-Nutrition, Jean Verdier Hospital, Paris Nord University, Bondy and Laboratory of Biophysics, Paris VI University, Paris, France. - - 2000
To evaluate extracellular water (ECW) in the recumbent and the upright position, in overweight and lean women with swelling syndrome, and to correlate the excess in ECW with an increase in capillary filtration of albumin (CFA). Fifty-one women with a swelling syndrome were investigated, 26 of whom were overweight. ECW ...
Klepper J - - 1999
Barbiturates are known to inhibit glucose transport mediated by the facilitative sugar transporter GLUTI. We have studied such inhibition in children with GLUT1-deficiency. Zero-trans influx of 14C-labeled 3-O-methyl glucose (3OMG) into erythrocytes of patients (n = 3) was 35% of controls (n = 6). Preincubation with 10 mM phenobarbital or ...
Kitoh C - - 1999
The patient, a female, aged 65 years, developed diffuse peritoneal calcification nine years after commencing CAPD therapy. No abdominal symptoms or evidence of peritonitis were discovered during this period. Before peritoneal calcification was detected, a dialysate with a high glucose concentration (3.86%) had been used once daily for 16 months. ...
Einarson A - - 1999
One of my patients, who is now 8 weeks pregnant, just read in the newspaper that dextromethorphan (DM), an antitussive found in a variety of cough medicines, caused birth defects in chicken embryos. The author of the study stated that even one dose could be dangerous and that he would ...
Yanoh K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the morphologic features of endometrial adenocarcinoma cells in peritoneal fluids (effusions and washings) and macroscopic intraabdominal adenocarcinoma at laparotomy as well as prognosis. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-one patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma who showed positive peritoneal cytology at laparotomy were clinically divided into three groups: 25 ...
Rodby R A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the previously described peritoneal equilibration test (PET)-determined solute transport groups, as defined by Twardowski, fit our patient population. DESIGN: We reviewed the 195 initial standardized PETs (on 195 patients) performed through our peritoneal dialysis program since 1989. Using the method originally defined by Twardowski using the ...
Turnquest M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Transabdominal cerclage is now evolving as an alternative to transvaginal cerclage in patients with cervical incompetence. The purpose of our study was to evaluate and describe our experience in patients selected to undergo transabdominal cerclage placement. METHODS: Outcome data for all patients who underwent transabdominal cerclage from January, 1990, ...
Ekim M - - 1999
The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is increasing worldwide. Due to an impairment of cellular immunity, patients with chronic renal failure are susceptible to reactivation of TB. Seventy patients were treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in our pediatric nephrology department during the years 1989-1997. TB was diagnosed in 4 ...
Nakao A - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peritoneal washings from patients with pancreatic cancer demonstrate malignant cells in 0-58% of patients. But the significance of their potential for implantation and growth after radical surgery has not been clarified. METHODOLOGY: Peritoneal washings were collected from 74 consecutive pancreatic cancer patients during a 5-year period and studied by ...
Sort P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In patients with cirrhosis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, renal function frequently becomes impaired. This impairment is probably related to a reduction in effective arterial blood volume and is associated with a high mortality rate. We conducted a study to determine whether plasma volume expansion with intravenous albumin prevents renal ...
Orlowski J P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Reye's syndrome (RS) appeared suddenly in the 1950s and disappeared almost as quickly in the late 1980s. A number of metabolic disorders were discovered in the 1980s that could completely mimic RS. This study was undertaken to reassess the original diagnosis of RS in light of newly described metabolic ...
- - 1999
Our cross-sectional study aims to elucidate the prevalence of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), time of occurrence of ACKD, relationship between the prevalence of ACKD and duration of dialysis, progression of cysts, and ACKD-related complications in 54 children undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). ACKD was defined as four or ...
Szeto C C - - 1999
The expression of measured-to-predicted creatinine generation ratio (M/P) has been proposed as an index of compliance in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Although M/P may not be sensitive enough for cross-sectional study, serial monitoring has been suggested to identify noncompliance. We attempted to evaluate serial changes of M/P from ...
Posthuma N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate peritoneal defense during icodextrin use in continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). DESIGN: In an open, prospective, 2-year follow-up study, CCPD patients were randomized to either glucose (Glu) or icodextrin (Ico) for their long daytime dwell. SETTING: University hospital and teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Both established and patients new ...
Shemin D - - 1999
Residual renal function (RRF) is a major contributor to total solute clearance in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and maintenance of RRF has been linked to decreased morbidity and mortality in PD. There have been few clinical studies examining the impact of factors that potentially affect RRF in PD. This is ...
Glynne P - - 1999
Bullous dermatoses (BD) are well recognized in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is important to distinguish pseudoporphyria (porphyrin accumulation due to decreased clearance) from true porphyrias, particularly those in which acute neurological attacks may occur. Investigation of the dialysis patient poses practical diagnostic difficulties because urinary porphyrin profiles ...
Lambert M C - - 1999
Stay.safe is a new PVC free double bag PD system that was introduced two years ago for CAPD. The system has been evaluated by three target groups, patients, nurses and physicians in 2 different studies. In the pilot study stay.safe was compared to the previous system and in the multi ...
Kang D H - - 1999
The study was carried out to evaluate the role of individual peritoneal membrane transport characteristics in the nutritional status expressed as the composite nutritional index (CNI) METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of the overall nutritional status of 147 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients were performed using the CNI. CNIs based on ...
Tan S Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Beta2-Microglobulin (beta2M) amyloidosis occurs in patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) who undergo long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), but its prevalence in patients treated exclusively by CAPD is unknown. In addition, its features may differ from those of haemodialysis-associated beta2M amyloidosis because CAPD is more biocompatible. METHODS: We ...
Dobrashian R D - - 1999
We describe a non-invasive, simple technique which, under fluoroscopic control, repositions migrated Tenckhoff CAPD catheters back into the pelvis. 18 patients, who had a total of 23 manipulations, were studied retrospectively over 2 1/2 years. Technical success (successful repositioning of the catheter at screening) and clinical success (continued effective CAPD ...
Kumwenda M J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Tenckhoff catheter malfunction causes morbidity in some patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Various methods of treatment of malfunction have been described; we report our experience of the use of a channel-cleaning brush for this problem. METHOD: Ten patients on CAPD who developed catheter malfunction were identified. The ...
Hufnagel G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) has been increasingly used in recent years. Our purpose was to investigate whether the good preservation of residual renal function (RRF) that has been reported in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is also observed in APD. METHODS: RRF was determined and compared prospectively ...
Kechrid M C - - 1999
We describe here hydrothorax that occurred in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and highlight the problems of diagnosis and management. A 48 years-old man with history of obstructive uropathy secondary to urolithiasis was stared on CAPD when he reached end-stage renal failure. Two months later, he was ...
Odama U O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To heighten the awareness of a possible association of sclerosing peritonitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Over the course of 17 years (from January 1981 to December 1997), 371 patients were treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) at Rush-Presbyterian-St Lukes Medical Center. The ...
O'Toole E A - - 1999
Although it is commonly accepted that necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is associated with diabetes mellitus (DM), there is some controversy regarding the degree of this association. In a retrospective review of 65 patients with NL attending our dermatology out-patient clinics we found that just seven (11%) were known to have DM ...
Suleymanlar I - - 1999
In this study, the response to triple treatment with omeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin was investigated in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infections. The study enrolled 20 CAPD patients (11 male, 9 female) who had dyspeptic complaints. The mean age of the patients was 46 (range: ...
Lambert M C - - 1999
Most patients receiving renal replacement therapy have cardiovascular disease. The most frequent conditions are left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. Hemodialysis is associated with a characteristic spectrum of acute complications (such as hypotension, sudden death) that can be explained by typical dialysis-induced effects on the heart. With continuous peritoneal ...
Düsünsel R - - 1999
This study investigated the effects of chronic peritoneal dialysis on thyroid function and thyroid volume of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). We measured the levels of serum and dialysate thyroid hormones [total thyroxine (TT4), total triiodothyronine (TT3), free thyroxine (fT4), and free triiodothyronine (fT3)], thyrotropin (TSH), thyroglobulin (Tg), and ...
Shockley T R - - 1999
The standard PD solutions used today contain physiological electrolyte profiles similar to that of interstitial fluids and are supplemented with glucose as the osmotic agent. Improvements in solution composition during the last 20 years have been largely restricted to minor changes in buffer and electrolyte levels. Newer PD solutions, on ...
Wu M S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of pre-dialysis glycemic control on clinical outcomes for type II diabetic patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and one type II diabetic patients receiving CAPD for at least 3 months were enrolled in a single institute. The patients were ...
Furukawa T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The radiological appearance of peritoneal serous papillary carcinoma (PSPC) is described. METHODS: Three cases of PSPC were analyzed retrospectively with regard to the radiological appearance and histopathological features. RESULTS: All three patients were women, aged 44-71 years. Massive ascites and a greater omentum tumor were observed on computed tomography ...
Kuriyama S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The preservation of ultrafiltration (UF) capacity is crucial to maintaining long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the antiplasmin agent tranexamic acid (TNA) increases UF volume in CAPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients on CAPD, 5 with UF loss and ...
Juergensen P H - - 1999
Patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) can usually tolerate continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) without abdominal discomfort or pain. In some patients, pain or discomfort occurs with complete drain of the peritoneal dialysis solution or upon initiation of dialysis filling ...
Mathur S P - - 1999
The study objective was to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of transferrin and alpha 2-HS glycoprotein occur in the peritoneal environment of patients with endometriosis that may lead to the observed autoimmunity to these proteins. We set up a double sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measuring levels of ...
Nakatsuka A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although peritoneal washing cytology has been widely used in the field of gynecology, it has not been performed so frequently in patients with pancreatic cancer. Only a few papers have reported surgical implications of peritoneal washing cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed results of peritoneal washing cytology performed immediately ...
Ho-dac-Pannekeet M M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Glucose-containing dialysis solutions in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients induce non enzymatic glycosylation (NEG) within the peritoneal cavity. The subsequent formation of advanced glycosylation end-products (AGEs) may be implicated in the functional deterioration of the peritoneal membrane in long-term PD patients. AIM OF THE STUDY AND PARAMETERS: Measurement of NEG ...
de Rezende N A - - 1998
A South American rattlesnake bite without clinical manifestations of envenoming (termed 'dry-bite') has not been recognized to occur by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which recommends the administration of antivenom to all bitten patients. During 36 months of an observational study on South American rattlesnake bites in Minas Gerais, Brazil, ...
Ginzburg E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether computed tomography (CT) is an accurate diagnostic modality for the triage of hemodynamically stable patients with gunshot wounds of the abdomen and flank. METHODS: A chart review of 83 trauma patients for whom abdominal CT was used as initial screening. RESULTS: In 53 patients, CT revealed ...
Castanheira D - - 1998
Two patients experienced agranulocytosis associated with either procainamide or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Both were treated with filgrastim in an attempt to decrease the duration of agranulocytosis. The first patient received 12 days and the second patient 4 days of filgrastim before white blood cell counts recovered. Published reports both support and refute ...
Thodis E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of nystatin as prophylaxis for fungal peritonitis (FP) in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN: This historically controlled study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of nystatin in the prevention of FP. For this purpose we compared the incidence of FP among ...
Hackam D J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the absorption of oral ciprofloxacin within 24 hours of laparotomy for major elective surgery or peritonitis. DESIGN: In this prospective trial, patients were given a 750-mg oral close the morning after major elective surgery (n=15) or surgery for peritonitis (n=7). Healthy volunteers served as controls (n=9). Serial ...
Jones M - - 1998
A peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution containing 1.1% amino acids as the osmotic agent was evaluated in a 3-month randomized, prospective, open-label study in malnourished PD patients. Patients in the treatment group (DAA) received one or two exchanges daily with the amino acid solution, depending on tolerance, in place of glucose ...
Mystakidou K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A single institution, prospective, randomized trial was performed in terminal cancer patients to compare tropisetron (TRO), metoclopramide (MET), and chlorpromazine (CHL) in the management of nausea and emesis. Patients had far advanced cancer, were far removed from chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and their nausea and emesis was not due to ...
Yorioka N - - 1998
Vancomycin therapy is frequently used for peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis, but the emergence of resistance has been reported. We evaluated the efficacy of a single intraperitoneal dose of vancomycin for peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. We assessed 24 episodes of peritonitis in 16 patients, and compared clinical parameters ...
Madiba T E - - 1998
A prospective study of 71 patients with hyponatraemia was undertaken over an 18-month period in one surgical unit at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, to study the incidence and pattern of hyponatraemia. Electrolytes and urea values were measured serially in all patients. Hyponatraemia was defined as a serum sodium level ...
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