Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1343
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Malik Mohsin - - 2006
This is a retrospective analysis of patients with pemphigus vulgaris and connective tissue disease (CTD) present as systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed CTD, or both. Pemphigus vulgaris was severe, difficult to treat, but eventually responded to therapy, resulting in a remission. In 6 patients, the CTD was stable and controlled with ...
Costedoat-Chalumeau Nathalie - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the possible relationship between whole-blood hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) concentrations and clinical efficacy of HCQ in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Whole-blood HCQ concentrations were measured, under blinded conditions, in 143 unselected patients with SLE who had been receiving HCQ 400 mg daily for at least 6 ...
Mora Claudia S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) may develop in individuals with asymptomatic infection receiving immunosuppressive treatment. This report summarizes current knowledge regarding SHS in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and associated antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: Two patients with active SLE and associated APS presenting with SHS are reported. ...
Tseng Jiun-Ruey - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) is a rare but possible fatal complication of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). We try to better understand the clinical symptoms and prognosis in patients with SLE and PH. Furthermore, we want to know whether there is different between early-onset and late-onset pulmonary hemorrhage in SLE patients. ...
Seror Raphaèle - - 2007
To investigate the safety and efficacy of rituximab (RTX) for systemic symptoms in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), and changes in B cell biomarkers. The records of 16 patients with pSS according to the American European consensus group criteria were reviewed retrospectively. Patients, all women, had a median age ...
Panchal, L.
Background: Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is recognized as a leading cause of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in western countries, there is hardly any data regarding Indian subjects with SLE. Aims: To determine the incidence of cardiac abnormalities and vascular lesions at autopsy and to assess their ...
Karadag Omer - - 2007
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with severe and premature cardiovascular disease, which cannot be explained by traditional risk factors alone. This study aims to investigate novel cardiovascular risk factors and cardiac event predictors in inactive SLE female patients who do not have any major cardiovascular risk factors. Twenty-five inactive ...
Appenzeller S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of brain SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography) images (BSI) in discriminating active central nervous system (CNS) manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Patients and METHODS: Forty SLE patients (mean age 33 yrs) and 33 normal volunteers were submitted to BSI. ...
Bucciarelli Silvia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the main causes of death and the prognostic factors that influence mortality in patients with the catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS). METHODS: We analyzed the case reports of 250 patients included in the CAPS Registry up to February 2005. To identify prognostic factors for CAPS, we compared the ...
Natejumnong Chindarat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some autoantibodies have been associated with lupus nephritis but the role of antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The present study was to explore the role of APA by comparing demographic profiles and the presence of anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LA) in systemiclupus erythematosus 1 (SLE) patients ...
Adu D - - 2006
Grootscholten et al. report a randomized controlled trial comparing azathioprine plus intravenous methylprednisolone and oral prednisolone (AZA group) with intermittent intravenous cyclophosphamide and oral prednisolone (CY group) in patients with proliferative lupus nephritis. AZA-treated patients were more likely to develop non-sustained doubling of their serum creatinine, although not significantly so, ...
Von Feldt Joan M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and extent of coronary artery calcification (CAC) as measured by electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and controls, and to identify variables associated with CAC in patients with SLE. METHODS: Female patients with SLE and matched controls were recruited; ...
Foti C - - 2006
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a nifedipine gel in patients with primary or secondary Raynaud?s phenomenon. Photopletismography was the instrumental examination test used to evaluate recovery time (time necessary for recuperation of normal capillary circulation) in 17 patients with primary or secondary Raynaud?s phenomenon ...
Matsukawa Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vulnerability of the central nervous system (CNS) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Forty-eight patients with SLE, 58 with schizophrenia in remission and 39 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Patients vocally generated 100 numbers in a random fashion, using numbers 0 to ...
Font J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of mannose-binding lectin (MBL)-deficient genotypes with cardiovascular disease in a large series of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 114 patients diagnosed with SLE were included in the study. MBL polymorphisms were investigated by sequencing-based DNA typing of the promoter and ...
Hirschl Mirko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the early signs, risk factors, and rate of transition from primary Raynaud's phenomenon (primary RP) to secondary RP. METHODS: A clinical sample of 307 consecutive patients with RP was included in a prospective followup study. After an initial screening, 244 patients were classified as having primary RP, ...
Schedel Jörg - - 2006
As azathioprine is one of the standard immunosuppressive drugs used for treatment of patients with different chronic inflammatory diseases, the effect of the azathioprine metabolizing enzyme thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) activity on incidence of adverse events (AE) was examined. In addition, potential correlations between the concentration of the azathioprine metabolite 6-thioguanine ...
Vig S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to establish the prevalence of thrombophilia and hyperhomocysteinaemia using a comprehensive screen in patients with peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: A total of 150 patients with peripheral vascular disease (with an ankle brachial pressure index of less than 0.8) underwent thrombophilia screening (protein ...
Goules Andreas - - 2006
The CD40-CD40L costimulatory pathway is involved in the evolution of many autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Increased levels of sCD40L in the serum have been associated with disease activity in SLE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role ...
Gin Pei-Lan - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to use Doppler tissue imaging to evaluate heart function and to investigate the correlation between Doppler imaging and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction (EF) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Standard echocardiography and 2-dimensional and color Doppler ...
O'Hara Richard M RM - - 2006
Increasing emphasis is being placed on biomarkers as indicators of disease states in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Careful description of the expression of cell-surface markers and cytokines produced by T and B lymphocytes can lead to a more ...
Ramos-Casals Manuel - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics, follow-up, and fulfillment of classification criteria for other systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD) in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) and atypical autoantibodies. METHODS: We studied 402 patients diagnosed with primary SS seen consecutively in our Department since 1994. We considered anti-DNA, anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-topoisomerase1/Scl70, ...
Calguneri Meral - - 2006
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, toxicity, and long-term outcome of low-dose IV cyclophosphamid therapy with repeated frequent intervals in combination with oral and IV methylprednisolone in patients with SLE nephritis. In this study, 113 patients diagnosed as having SLE and glomerulonephritis were assessed in between ...
Fardet Laurence - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main features of severe strongyloidiasis in corticosteroid-treated patients METHODS: We report on 3 cases of corticosteroid-treated patients with severe strongyloidiasis and review cases of severe strongyloidiasis in corticosteroid-treated patients reported in the literature. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-one cases of severe strongyloidiasis complicated a therapy with ...
Ramos-Casals Manuel - - 2006
We conducted the current study to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of vasculitis in a large series of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), focusing on the classification and clinical significance of the different types of vasculitis. We studied 670 consecutive patients who fulfilled 4 or more of the ...
Chung Son-Mi - - 2006
Clinical aspects and pathology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been reported to be similar to those in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). To determine whether PH in these patients is similar, we compared the clinical characteristics, hemodynamics at diagnosis, and survival ...
Seyahi E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Chronic inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. We hypothesised that atherosclerosis may also be increased in Takayasu arteritis. METHODS: The frequency of atherosclerotic plaques and the intima-media thickness (IMT) were investigated in 30 female patients with Takayasu arteritis (mean ...
Saevarsdottir S - - 2006
To determine whether low mannan-binding lectin (MBL) and C4A null alleles (C4AQ0) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in multicase families with SLE. Low MBL level was determined by measuring serum levels and by genotyping for mutant structural (B/C/D, designated as 0) and promoter (LX) alleles (by real-time polymerase ...
Tseng Ming-Tsung - - 2006
To understand the clinical significance and mechanisms of cutaneous denervation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we assessed intraepidermal nerve fibre (IENF) density of the distal leg in 45 SLE patients (4 males and 41 females, aged 38.4 +/- 13.6 years) and analysed its correlations with pathology, lupus activity, sensory thresholds ...
H. Raslan
To investigate the level of soluble P-Selection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients and to correlate it with disease activity and any of the laboratory data currently available. Serum levels of soluble P-selection were determined in 27 SLE patients and 10 healthy subjects, matched for age and sex, as control ...
Nascif Ana K S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Nailfold capillaroscopy is an important tool for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with rheumatic diseases, in particular dermatomyositis and scleroderma. A relationship has been observed in adults between improved capillaroscopic findings and reduced disease activity. Our aim was to correlate disease activity (clinical and laboratory data) and nailfold ...
Rottem M - - 2006
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystem disease with recurrent thrombosis in the presence of antiphosphlipid antibodies, which may include cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal, hematologic or cutaneous manifestations. The occurrence of autoimmune hemolytic anaemia (AIHA) in APS has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to review the occurrence ...
Panchal L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is recognized as a leading cause of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in western countries, there is hardly any data regarding Indian subjects with SLE. AIMS: To determine the incidence of cardiac abnormalities and vascular lesions at autopsy and to assess their ...
Lipsker Dan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Jessner's lymphocytic infiltration of the skin (JLI) and lupus erythematosus (LE), which has been the subject of debate since its initial description in 1953. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study including all patients with ...
Al-Saleh Jamal - - 2006
The chemokine receptors expression dictates the spectrum of action of chemokines. One possible role of chemokines in autoimmune diseases, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), is to facilitate the migration of lymphocytes to specific target organs thus accounting for the accumulation of T-cells in different organs, and subsequent disease manifestations. ...
López Patricia - - 2006
Antimalarial agents have been widely used as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other rheumatological diseases, although their mechanism of action has not yet been fully defined. It is known, however, that effective response to treatment is variable among patients. Thus, the identification of ...
Zhang Xuan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) in severe central nervous system (CNS) involvement of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Forty-three patients with SLE, including 22 with CNS-SLE and 21 with non-CNS-SLE, underwent SPECT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. SPECT was repeated 1-2 months after ...
Ingegnoli Francesca - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) has been shown to have a remarkable value in the differential diagnosis of connective tissue diseases. In fact, NFC patterns reflect the microvascular changes that may play a significant role in pathogenesis. The aims of this study were to determine in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus ...
Hao Jia Hu - - 2006
The aims of the present study are to evaluate the difference of the levels of soluble Fas (sFas) antigen between patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and healthy controls and to explore whether sFas has a role in either the disease activity or the organ damage in SLE. Serum levels ...
Manger Karin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: With dramatically improved survival rates of SLE patients, comorbidity and long-term damage such as premature ovarian failure (POF) gain increasing importance. In the Erlangen cohort, 14% of cyclophosphamide treated patients younger than 41 years have POF, which is a common consequence of cyclophosphamide treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We tested ...
Huang M - - 2005
The objective of this study was to detect autoantibodies against granzyme B cleavage products in sera from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Cell lysates derived from human salivary gland (HSG) cell lines were incubated with granzyme B. The susceptibility to the generation of cleavage fragments of SS autoantigens was ...
Sunkureddi Prashanth R - - 2005
Gastrointestinal manifestations are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Eosinophilic enteritis is a rare disorder of uncertain cause that was recently reported for the first time in association with SLE. This report presents a second case of eosinophilic enteritis in a 47-year-old female patient with SLE. The patient presented with ...
Stankovic Katia - - 2005
Systemic mastocytosis (SM) refers to a group of heterogeneous diseases that can be divided into indolent SM, for which prognosis is favorable, and malignant SM, which has a poor prognosis. While the diagnosis of SM is often a challenge since clinical and biological abnormalities are not specific, prognosis is even ...
Bernatsky S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports an association between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). OBJECTIVES: To describe demographic factors, subtypes, and survival of patients with SLE who develop NHL. METHODS: A multi-site cohort of 9547 subjects with definite SLE was assembled. Subjects at each centre were linked to regional ...
Soerensen Helmut - - 2006
The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical effects of cytapheresis using the Adacolumn system (selective removal of circulating monocytes and granulocytes by means of an extracorporeal type column) in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). An open uncontrolled multicenter pilot study was conducted in 18 SLE ...
Kozora Elizabeth - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To correlate cognitive dysfunction with structural and neurometabolic brain findings in patients with non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (non-NPSLE). BACKGROUND: Over 25% of non-NPSLE patients have cognitive dysfunction, but the cerebral basis of this observation is not well understood. METHOD: Seven patients with non-NPSLE and seven control subjects were given ...
Leng Xiao-Mei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of high dose immunosuppressive therapy (HDIT) and autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with CD34+ cell selection in patients with severe, refractory autoimmune diseases. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with persistent systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), or systemic ...
Ainiala H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the volumetric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a population-based sample of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to detect a possible relationship between cerebral MRI abnormalities and specific neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with SLE (n = 43) in Pirkanmaa ...
Miyawaki Shoji - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and serological heterogeneity in patients with anticentromere antibodies (ACA). METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with ACA were analyzed retrospectively. ACA were detected initially on the basis of indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells, and then antibodies to CENP-B were measured by ELISA. Antibodies to other nuclear ...
Sarkar Kakali - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess possible seasonal patterns in the onset of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: The study group comprised 503 patients who met the criteria for probable or definite PM or DM and for whom detailed data on the time of myositis onset were available. Statistical analyses were performed ...
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