Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1345
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Briani Chiara - - 2008
BACKGROUND: About 2.5% of patients with idiopathic peripheral neuropathy or idiopathic dysautonomia have underlying celiac disease (CD). Antibodies to ganglioside have been reported in CD patients with neuropathy. No data are so far available on the presence in CD of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies. Muscle AChR antibodies are found in ...
Ardesjö Brita - - 2008
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an enigmatic disorder with a suggested autoimmune basis. A variety of autoantigens have been suggested but no specific or highly directed epitope has been identified. To address this issue, we constructed a cDNA library from normal human choledochus and screened expressing clones with serum from ...
Castellino G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between clinical picture and neuroimaging in patients affected by SLE with and without neuropsychiatric (NP) involvement. METHODS: One hundred and seven SLE patients including 66 with NP involvement (NPSLE) with focal or diffuse presentation and 41 without underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and ...
Garcia-Gonzalez Araceli - - 2008
This study assessed self-reported adherence in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from underserved healthcare settings. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 102 ethnically diverse patients--70 with RA and 32 with SLE--attending rheumatology clinics at publicly funded hospitals in Houston, Texas; 43% were Hispanic, 32% African-American, ...
Zdenka Navratilova
Recent study in a group of German patients with SSc has implicated the SNP in the MCP-1 gene (−2518 A to G) as a factor of susceptibility to SSc. Reflecting the need for replication of genetic association studies, we investigated if this SNP is associated with SSc in another Caucasian ...
Vallböhmer D - - 2008
The prognostic value of the four most common histopathological classification systems in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) was evaluated retrospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients with resected GIST and a follow-up of five years or more for surviving patients were included in this analysis. All the tumors were c-KIT (CD117) ...
Szabo N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Nailfold capillaroscopy is widely used in autoimmune patients to determine capillary morphology. Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) is a relatively new method for measuring the microcirculation of cutaneous perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the capillary morphology and microcirculation among patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and poly/dermatomyositis ...
Vayá Amparo - - 2008
Atherothrombotic events are significant factors of mortality and morbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The extent that rheological factors may be involved in these events in these patients has not been established. We measured the following rheological parameters in 86 patients with SLE, of whom 16 had suffered ...
Valdés-Ferrer Sergio I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To determine and characterize the prevalence of cerebral changes on MRI in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS) within systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Seventy-one patients with SLE were prospectively studied with brain MRI: 32 with definite APLS and 39 without. Atrophy, ventricular enlargement, leukoaraiosis, interuncal distance, Evans' index, infarcts, ...
Navratilova Zdenka - - 2008
Recent study in a group of German patients with SSc has implicated the SNP in the MCP-1 gene (-2518 A to G) as a factor of susceptibility to SSc. Reflecting the need for replication of genetic association studies, we investigated if this SNP is associated with SSc in another Caucasian ...
Hereng T - - 2008
One hundred and three consecutive asymptomatic anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibody-positive carriers, taking aspirin (n=75) or not (n=28), were studied retrospectively to determine whether aspirin could provide primary prevention of anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) symptoms. All patients positive for anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL; >25 UGPL or UMPL) and/or lupus anti-coagulant were followed for a ...
George-Chandy Annie - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family ligands BAFF (B-cell activating factor of TNF family) and APRIL (a proliferation-inducing ligand) are essential for B-cell survival and function. Elevated serum levels of BAFF and APRIL have been reported earlier in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Since autoantibody formation in the ...
Santiago Mittermayer B - - 2008
Jaccoud arthropathy (JA) was initially described in patients with rheumatic fever and later in several other rheumatologic conditions, particularly systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In patients with the latter disorder, a prevalence of about 5% has been observed. We conducted the current study to describe a series of patients with SLE ...
Mulić Suada - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of atherosclerotic plaque of head and neck blood vessels and to determine the dynamics of circulation through the brain blood vessels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In 35 patients with SLE aged 37.67+/-9.96 and whose disease lasted 3.8+/-4.51 ...
Fu Qiong - - 2008
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system autoimmune disease with a heterogeneous course and varying degrees of severity and organ damage; thus, there is increasing interest in identifying biomarkers for SLE. In this study we correlated the combined expression level of multiple interferon-inducible chemokines with disease activity, degree of organ ...
Rosado Silvia - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its relation with interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. The study included 50 female SLE patients and 59 healthy female donors. HLA-G expression in peripheral blood and cutaneous biopsies was ...
Chan Madelynn T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations of erosive arthritis (EA) with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies and major histocompatibility class (MHC) II alleles in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: One hundred four patients with SLE were evaluated for arthritis and classified as EA, nonerosive arthritis, or no arthritis. EA was further ...
Komura Kazuhiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between systemic sclerosis (SSc) and interleukin 23 (IL-23), a cytokine associated with the differentiation of T lymphocytes, is unknown. We investigated serum IL-23 levels and their clinical association in patients with SSc. METHODS: Serum IL-23 levels were examined by ELISA in 63 patients with SSc, 15 patients ...
Mishra Mahendra N - - 2007
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a multi-factorial disease which claims many young lives. There are very few Indian studies that have investigated antiphospholipid antibodies (APLs) in MI patients. APLs have been implicated in arterial thrombosis including premature coronary artery and cerebrovascular thrombosis. In the present study, the prevalence of two clinically ...
Hiraki Linda T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and characteristics of clinical signs, symptoms, laboratory findings, and medication use in children with pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE) at presentation and during the course of the disease, and to examine correlations among disease manifestations, disease activity, and damage over time. STUDY DESIGN: The study ...
Lima Guadalupe - - 2007
Chemokines and cytokines play an important role in the inflammatory development and progression of autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of MCP-1, SDF-1, and RANTES polymorphisms as susceptibility markers for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a group of Mexican patients. MCP-1-2518, SDF-1 G801A, ...
Liestøl S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that antiphospholipid antibodies interfere with the activity of activated protein C (APC). This acquired form of APC resistance has been proposed as a possible pathogenic mechanism underlying hypercoagulability associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). OBJECTIVES: We wanted to investigate the inhibitory effect of recombinant APC (rAPC) ...
Belizna Cristina C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between atherosclerosis and the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is unclear. This study compared intima-media thickness (IMT), arterial stiffness, and presence of plaques in APS patients and controls to evaluate the risk of atherosclerosis in this patient population. The study also explored the relationship between these parameters and cardiovascular ...
Huang Sheng-Teng - - 2008
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are known to have lower heart rate variability and impaired vagal modulation, and right lateral position has been shown to lead to a higher vagal modulation than supine position in healthy subjects and patients with cardiovascular diseases. This study evaluated the effect of disease ...
Salliot Carine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and clinical and immunological significance of anticentromere antibodies (ACA) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the prevalence of ACA in patients with SS. We compared ACA-positive SS patients with ACA-negative pSS patients. RESULTS: The prevalence of ACA among patients with ...
Gómez Puerta, José Alfredo
: The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired prothrombotic syndrome characterized by venous or arterial thromboses and pregnancy morbidity. It can present as primary APS without any discernable underlying disease, or in association with systemic autoimmune disease [usually systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)], infections (mainly chronic viral infections) and malignant process, ...
López-Labady Jeaneth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize oral lesions in patients with systemic and cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE) in a Venezuelan group. METHODS: Ninety patients with LE were studied. Oral biopsies were taken from patients who showed oral mucosal involvement. Tissue samples were investigated with histology and direct ...
Nishimagi Emi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:To clarify the clinical features of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who developed severe gastrointestinal tract (GIT) involvement in the early stage of the disease. METHODS: Three hundred two consecutive Japanese patients with SSc were investigated: Group 1 comprised 14 patients with severe GIT involvement (malabsorption syndrome and/or pseudo-obstruction) within ...
Sule Sangeeta D SD Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2007
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects between five and ten thousand children in the USA. Kidney disease may progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and subsequent need for dialysis therapy in a significant number of children with SLE. We performed a cross-sectional analysis comparing achievement of ...
Budhathoki Sunil - - 2007
We retrospectively evaluated the clinico-laboratory features of 11 children and adolescents with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus between the period of 2001 and 2006. All of them (100.0%) had renal involvement at the first visit in the hospital. Female to male ratio was 10:1. Skin and or mucosal involvement (90.9%), periorbital puffiness ...
Ferreira G A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have recognized reduction in endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Evidence demonstrates that statins are able to improve endothelial function independently on their hypolipemic action. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of atorvastatin in improving vasodilation in SLE patients with and without conventional risk factors for coronary heart ...
Asli Bouchra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Schnitzler syndrome is characterized by chronic urticarial rash and monoclonal IgM gammopathy and is sometimes associated with periodic fever, arthralgias, and bone pain. Current treatment is unsatisfactory. OBSERVATIONS: Eleven patients with Schnitzler syndrome were treated with oral pefloxacin mesylate (800 mg/d). In 10 patients, we observed a dramatic and ...
Shen Guang-li - - 2007
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a systemic microvasculitis predominantly involving the capillaries. We investigated the expression of thrombomodulin (TM) and endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in microvessels of DM patients. Twelve patients with acute or subacute onset of proximal muscle weakness and erythematous rash over their faces and shoulders were included ...
Orbach Hedi - - 2007
The development of autoimmune diseases may be influenced by hormonal, immunomodulatory, and metabolic pathways. Prolactin (PRL), ferritin, vitamin D, and the tumor marker tissue polypeptide antigen (TPA) were measured in autoimmune diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), multiple sclerosis (MS), autoimmune ...
Cramer Carl H CH - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Membranous glomerulopathy accounts for 28% of the biopsy-proven systemic lupus erythematosus nephritis in paediatric patients at the time of first biopsy, yet minimal data are available regarding outcomes in this population. METHODS: We present a retrospective analysis of 26 paediatric patients with World Health Organization class V lupus nephritis. ...
von Bierbrauer Axel - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate morphologic alterations of microvessels quantitatively and objectively in patients with various connective tissue diseases (CTD) by means of histomorphometry. Standardized histomorphometrical examination of dermal microvessels was performed by means of interactive semi-automated image analysis in specimens obtained by the technique of capillaroscopically ...
Appenzeller Simone - - 2008
To evaluate the frequency and risk factors of acute psychosis in a large cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosous (SLE). To identify clinical and laboratory variables useful in differentiating acute psychosis as a primary manifestation of central nervous system (CNS) from corticosteroid induced psychosis. Five hundred and thirty seven ...
Chung Jae-Wook - - 2008
Clinically important myocarditis is an unusual feature in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of five SLE patients who developed severe left ventricular dysfunction. Four patients were female with mean age of 36.4 years. Three patients had both lupus myocarditis and lupus nephritis. Four ...
Uppin Megha S - - 2007
Two patients with cerebrovascular aspergillosis, in the form of arteritis, thrombosis and bland infarcts are reported. One patient had systemic lupus erythematosus with disseminated aspergillosis in lungs, kidneys and brain. The other patient was immunocompetent and had sphenoid sinusitis. Both the patients were diagnosed at autopsy only, despite extensive imaging ...
Usmani Naila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Discoid lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory condition in which the pathogenesis and the role of cell-mediated immunity remains unclear. Currently, the most effective treatments for severe disease are thalidomide, methotrexate, and cyclosporin, although the evidence for this is limited. Efalizumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against CD11a, the ...
Monsiváis-Urenda A - - 2007
The aim of this work was to study the expression and function of the inhibitory receptor ILT2/CD85j in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We studied 23 SLE patients as well as 17 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 10 with fibromyalgia, and 23 healthy individuals. ...
Booth Stephanie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if whole blood viscosity (WBV), a rheologic variable contributing to risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in the general population, is elevated in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), particularly SLE patients with a history of thrombotic or atherothrombotic events. Because the high rates of arterial and ...
Kamran Mohammad - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an uncommon infection of the subcutaneous tissue and superficial fascia. Any delay in treatment can lead to catastrophic results with high mortality. It is well known that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk of infection, from the disease and/or its treatment. ...
Kallel-Sellami Maryam - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess the clinical and immunological profile of lupus erythematosus (LE) patients with inherited complement deficiency (ICD). A laboratory-based study was conducted in which all LE patients with hypocomplementemia were included. ICD was assessed by hemolytic and antigenic assays. Type I C2 deficiency was ...
Zandman-Goddard Gisele - - 2007
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) can be either primary or secondary to autoimmune diseases, malignancies, infectious diseases, or drug-induced conditions. The aim of this study was to describe a novel overlap syndrome of APS and systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a case series. A retrospective review of medical files of hospitalized patients who ...
Beyan Eśin - - 2007
Abnormalities of hematological system are very common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the study is to evaluate hematological findings in patients with SLE at the time of referral and their relationship with disease activity and organ involvement. The study was carried consecutive 115 patients, including 20 males ...
Tanay Amir - - 2007
We studied the large and small artery elasticity (AE) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients according to treatment profile. Forty-one SLE patients (90% female, mean age 48.7 +/- 2.4 years) were compared to 96 healthy controls. The large and small AE and the SVR were ...
Pitashny Milena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic monoclonal anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) antibodies up-regulate the expression of lipocalin-2 in glomerular mesangial cells. This study was undertaken to investigate whether polyclonal anti-dsDNA antibodies promote the local secretion of lipocalin-2 in the kidneys of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and whether urinary lipocalin-2 represents a marker of ...
Irving K S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and type of autoimmune liver disease in adult and juvenile patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large UK cohort. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients attending the adult and juvenile lupus clinics at University College Hospital and Great Ormond Street Hospital, ...
Sato Hiroe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether atherosclerosis is accelerated in premenopausal and postmenopausal patients with long-term well-controlled systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We measured the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid arteries and the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in 39 women with SLE and in age- and sex-matched controls. RESULTS: In ...
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