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Brugos Boglarka - - 2010
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a good indicator of disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Glucocorticosteroids are the most frequently used drugs in SLE. Our goal was to compare IL-1Ra activity in SLE patients with and without renal involvement and to determine the effect of different dosage ...
Tjensvoll Anne B - - 2011
Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of primary headaches in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) versus healthy subjects, and to determine whether headaches in SLE are associated with MRI- or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalitites. Patients and methods: The case-control study included MRI- and CSF investigations. Headache ...
Yip Jonathan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether serum albumin reflects disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with and without nephritis (LN, LNN), and whether serum albumin could be a surrogate marker of SLE disease activity overall. There is currently no clinical "gold standard" in the assessment of disease activity in ...
Bajaj Doulat Rai - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic data, clinical pattern and therapeutic outcome in patients with discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Dermatology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2004 to December 2008. METHODOLOGY: Patients of either gender ...
Urowitz M B - - 2010
To describe vascular events during an 8-year followup in a multicenter systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) inception cohort and their attribution to atherosclerosis. Clinical data, including comorbidities, were recorded yearly. Vascular events were recorded and attributed to atherosclerosis or not. All of the events met standard clinical criteria. Factors associated with ...
Muroi Eiji - - 2011
Microvascular lesions are a predominant feature in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and seem to play a central pathogenic role. The presence of nailfold capillary abnormalities is useful in diagnosing SSc. Capillaroscopy, however, usually requires special equipment and may be time consuming. Dermatoscope has been presented as a new diagnostic tool for ...
Tanaka Hiroshi - - 2010
The purine synthesis inhibitor mizoribine (MZR) has been successfully used without serious adverse effects in the treatment of several renal diseases including lupus nephritis. Besides its immunosuppressive effects, MZR has recently been reported to ameliorate tubulointerstitial fibrosis in rats via suppression of macrophage infiltration. However, there has been little information ...
Paz Mariela L - - 2011
A common feature between patients with a certain group of systemic autoimmune pathologies (SAPs) with rheumatic component, such as lupus erythematosus (LE) in all its forms, is the presence of cutaneous photosensitivity (CP) as well as the existence of autoantibodies (Aabs). These Aabs have also high incidence in other SAPs ...
Domiciano Diogo Souza - - 2010
Hematological disturbances are common in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Specifically, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) may manifest in SLE patients at the time of diagnosis or within the first year of the disease. AHA is often associated with thrombocytopenia, lupus nephritis, and central nervous system activity. In this study we investigated ...
Fauchais A L - - 2010
To study evolution of pSS immunological profile, impact on pSS activity and the long-term evolution of patients with atypical auto-antibodies in a bicentric cohort of patients with pSS (n=445, mean age 53.6+/-14years, mean follow-up 76.1+/-51months). 212 patients were SSA positive and 131 were both SSA and SSB positive. During follow-up, ...
Amital H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low serum vitamin D concentrations have been reported in several autoimmune disorders. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether low serum vitamin D concentrations are related to disease activity of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: 378 patients from several European and Israeli cohorts were pooled and their disease activity was ...
Rollando Daniela - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess possible correlations between endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Evidence has shown that vascular impairment in SSc may be a sign of endothelial dysfunction involving both microvascular and macrovascular systems, although the pathological mechanisms of ...
Azarpazhooh Mahmoud Reza - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is a common and less understood aspect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Microembolic signals (MES) have been reported in SLE. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the frequency of MES among patients with CNS involvement and those without. The main aim of the ...
Gerli Roberto - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Primary Sj?gren's syndrome (SS) shares clinical and serologic features with rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, 2 diseases characterized by acceleration of atherosclerosis. Signs of precocious atherosclerosis have also been shown in SS, although the pathogenic basis of early arterial damage is unclear. The arterial wall was functionally evaluated ...
Hanly John G JG Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. - - 2010
Computerized neuropsychological testing may facilitate screening for cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study was undertaken to compare patients with SLE, patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with healthy controls using the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM). Patients with SLE (n = 68), ...
Tanasescu C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lupus erythematosus (LE) is a heterogeneous disease with broad clinical spectrum from cutaneous to visceral and systemic inflammation. IL-17 isoforms (IL-17A and IL-17F) are proinflammatory cytokines with unclear implications in lupus erythematosus pathogenesis. In this study we focused upon IL-17 in normal and modified lupus skin with a correlative ...
Habibagahi Mojtaba - - 2011
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are supposed to stop immune responses in the course of immune activation. However, chronic activation of immune system in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and many other autoreactive disorders are evidence of malfunction of this system. Therefore, it is plausible to quantify presence of these cells in ...
Grossi G - - 2010
The use of thermal infrared (IR) imaging together with the study of the thermal recovery from a controlled cold challenge has been proposed in the diagnosis and follow-up of therapeutic response of Raynaud's Phenomenon (RP) and Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). The controlled cold challenge test usually performed during IR investigations may ...
Kim Hyoun-Ah - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical significance of beta2-microglobulin in Korean patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Blood samples were collected from patients with SLE (n = 100) and normal healthy controls (n = 50). The level of beta2-microglobulin was investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serial samples from SLE patients ...
Akay B N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Well-recognized videocapillaroscopic patterns have been described in systemic sclerosis (SS). However, no studies have described the capillary abnormalities of sclerodermoid chronic graft-versus-host disease (Scl GVHD) developed after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to find the characteristics of nailfold capillary changes in ...
Wells D K - - 2010
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We examined if nephritis or other clinical manifestations of SLE identified patients at increased risk. In this population-based case-control study, we identified patients with SLE hospitalized with an AMI in California in 1996-2000. We compared ...
O'Neill Sean G - - 2010
Inflammatory disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may affect the development of atherosclerosis, contributing to their increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This process may be mediated by anti-apolipoprotein A-I (anti-Apo A-I), anti-high-density lipoprotein (anti-HDL), and anti-C-reactive protein (anti-CRP) autoantibodies. We undertook this study to examine whether ...
Hern?ndez-Molina Gabriela - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, serological, and histopathological characteristics of primary (pSS) and secondary Sj?gren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Fifty subjects with pSS and 300 with connective tissue diseases (CTD; systemic lupus erythematosus 100, rheumatoid arthritis 100, scleroderma 100) were selected randomly from our patient registry. Selected patients were assessed for ...
Maneeton Benchalak - - 2010
This study aims to determine the prevalence of and variation in cognitive deficits in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with a prior history of central nervous system involvement (+Hx CNS), and without (-Hx CNS); and the relationship of SLE-related cognitive deficits to medication dosage and disease activity. Ninety-four participants, 62 ...
Kao Amy H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is typically monitored by measuring serum C3 and C4. However, these proteins have limited utility as lupus biomarkers, because they are substrates rather than products of complement activation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of measuring the erythrocyte-bound ...
Al Beladi Fatma I - - 2010
Painful violaceous skin lesions that progress to non-healing ulceration and gangrene characterize calciphylaxis. These lesions are associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism and generally occur in patients on dialysis for more than one year. Hyperphosphatemia and hypoalbuminemia are the major risk factors for calciphylaxis. It is usually resistant to medical treatment although ...
Yang Zaixing - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to assess the association of elevated serum uric acid (UA) with lupus nephritis (LN) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. A total of 130 SLE patients were recruited, of whom 73 patients developed LN. Blood samples were obtained for determination of uric acid, ...
Hegazy M - - 2010
The aim of the present study is to assess serum APRIL levels in SLE patients versus rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and normal control and to correlate serum APRIL levels in SLE patients with disease activity indices. Serum APRIL levels was measured in 40 SLE patients, 20 patients with RA and ...
Park Hyun Sun - - 2010
Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP) is an inflammatory disorder of the subcutaneous fat in patients with lupus erythematosus (LE). It is a rare variant of the disease, which occurs approximately in 1%-3% of patients with cutaneous LE. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, histopathologic, immunophenotypical, and molecular ...
Cheong Seung-Hyun - - 2010
Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that mainly affects the salivary and lacrimal glands. It may exist as a primary condition or in association with other systemic autoimmune diseases. Patients with SS usually complain of persistent dryness of the mouth and eyes and other features, including diverse general ...
Olsen Nancy J NJ Rheumatic Diseases Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8884, USA. - - 2010
The objective of this case study was to characterize autoreactivity in two patients with non-autoimmune forms of muscle disease who had positivity for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and Ro (SSA) autoantibodies. Serum samples from these two patients were applied to an autoantigen protein array with more than 70 specificities and were ...
Mészáros T - - 2010
The presence of anti-C1-inhibitor (anti-C1-INH) autoantibodies is a hallmark of acquired C1-inhibitor deficiency. However, only scarce data are available on their prevalence, diagnostic value, and/or significance in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In a multicentre study, we determined the levels of autoantibodies to C1-inhibitor in sera from 202 patients with SLE ...
Chan H C - - 2010
With the aim of investigating the role of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus, 107 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, 101 healthy controls, and 151 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were enrolled in this study. SOCS1 mRNA level was measured by the method of ...
Jung Rex E - - 2010
Within systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients can be divided into groups with and without central nervous system involvement, the latter being subcategorized as neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). While a number of research groups have investigated NPSLE, there remains a lack of consistent application of this diagnostic criteria within neuroimaging ...
Alegretti A P - - 2010
CD55 and CD59 are glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins with complement inhibitory properties. CD55 inhibits the formation of C3 convertases, and CD59 prevents the terminal polymerisation of the membrane attack complex. It has been reported that SLE patients seems to have an acquired deficiency of these proteins associated with secondary autoimmune haemolytic anaemia ...
Mok C C - - 2010
To study the link between metabolic syndrome (MetS), endothelial injury, and atherosclerosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Consecutive SLE patients without a history of arterial thrombosis were screened for atherosclerosis at the carotid and coronary arteries by B-mode ultrasound [intima-media thickness (IMT)] and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scan ...
Zhao Haifeng - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the characteristics of the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and prognostic impact of the thrombocytopenia patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The case group of 47 SLE patients with thrombocytopenia and the control of 49 SLE patients with normal platelet number were reviewed ...
Arasteh Julia Maryam - - 2010
The frequency of the Fas gene polymorphism at positions-1377 G/A and -670 A/G in 249 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 212 healthy controls were investigated using the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. On evaluation of genotype and allelic distributions at position -670, no significant difference was observed between patients ...
Nikpour Mandana - - 2010
Total cholesterol (TC) and blood pressure (BP) are likely to take a dynamic course over time in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This would have important implications in terms of using single-point-in-time measurements of these variables to assess coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. The objective of this study was ...
Bournia Vasiliki-Kalliopi K - - 2010
A subgroup of patients with primary Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) and positive anticentromere antibodies (ACA) were recognized as having features intermediate between SS and systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our goal was to describe this group clinically and serologically and define its tendency to evolve to full blown SSc. Among 535 patients with ...
Karamehic Jasenko - - 2010
Over the third of SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) patients have a high level auto-antibodies-antigen complex that contains some complement proteins, especially C1q as the trigger protein in the classical complement activation pathway. So, the SLE, as an autoimmune disease, is certainly related to disorders caused by activation of complement system, ...
Vázquez-Del Mercado Monica - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Autoantibodies to RNA helicase A (RHA) were reported as a new serological marker of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with early stage of the disease. Anti-RHA and other autoantibodies in Mexican SLE patients and their correlation with clinical and immunological features were examined. METHODS: Autoantibodies in sera from 62 ...
Yassin Lina M - - 2010
Decreased apoptotic cells (ACs) removal has been described as relevant in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. Binding/phagocytosis of ACs was decreased in SLE patients. Blocking experiments suggested a role for CD36 in ACs clearance in healthy controls, not observed in SLE patients. Binding/phagocytosis of ACs induced the production of IL-6, ...
Sweiss Nadera J - - 2010
The clinical utility of testing for antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) of IgA isotype remains controversial. To address this issue, we reasoned that if IgA aPL contribute to the clinical manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome, then an association with thromboembolic events should manifest in patients whose only aPL is of IgA isotype. ...
Heinlen Latisha D - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically heterogeneous, humoral autoimmune disorder. The unifying feature among SLE patients is the production of large quantities of autoantibodies. Serum samples from 129 patients collected before the onset of SLE and while in the United States military were evaluated for early pre-clinical serologic events. ...
Wu Feng Qi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to measure the level of serum complement lq(Clq) and anti-C1q antibodies (ClqAb) in pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (PSLE), and then analyze the correlation between the levels of serum Clq and ClqAb with disease activity and kidney damage. We investigated 90 PSLE patients, including 43 ...
Makol Ashima - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatitis is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Vasculitis of the gastrointestinal tract is the most commonly proposed mechanism. We determined the frequency of SLE-related pancreatitis in the Hopkins Lupus Cohort. METHODS: A large prospective cohort of 1811 patients with SLE was reviewed and ...
Iizuka N - - 2010
Using proteomic analysis, we identified candidate autoantigens specific for central nervous system (CNS) involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Proteins, extracted from cultured human neuroblastoma cells, were separated both by SDS-PAGE (1-DE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE), and transferred to membranes. Western blot analysis was performed using serum samples from 30 ...
Aydemir M - - 2010
Neurological involvement is a well-documented issue in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about the involvement of the autonomic nervous system. This study was conducted to investigate autonomic nervous system dysfunction in patients with RA and SLE. Twenty-six RA patients, 38 SLE ...
Cefle Ayse - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with an unfavorable prognosis. We investigated the characteristics of SLE patients with PH. The patients with a pulmonary artery systolic pressure more than 30 mmHg at rest on echocardiogram were diagnosed with PH. Echocardiography was done only in patients with clinical ...
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