Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1345
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Sato E I - - 2001
There are 12 non-controlled and only two controlled studies using methotrexate (MTX) in a total of 207 SLE patients in the literature. The majority of these studies evaluated mainly cutaneous and/or articular involvement and attained good results. Two studies evaluated a small number of patients with lupus nephritis, achieving discordant ...
Biner B - - 2001
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an immune complex disease with many different clinical presentations. Here we report a 13-year-old female patient presenting with generalized lymphadenopathy, who meanwhile developed butterflly rash and pericarditis. The diagnosis of SLE was based on the clinical features, positive antinuclear antibody, and positive antibodies to dsDNA. ...
Tektonidou M G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in patients with anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and to examine whether the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with diastolic dysfunction independently of valvular abnormalities and systolic dysfunction. METHODS: Pulsed, continuous, colour Doppler echocardiography was performed in 179 subjects, of whom 15 were excluded ...
Zanardi V A - - 2001
The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and intensity of cerebral atrophy using CT scanning and the possible relation to corticosteroid therapy or disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to analyse the relationships between cerebral atrophy and activity disease and neuropsychiatric manifestations in lupus patients. We ...
Rampazzo P - - 2001
Contrary to infective anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies, autoimmune aCL antibodies react with phospholipids (PL) mainly via binding to the plasma glycoprotein cofactor beta2-Glycoprotein I (beta2GPI). While there is a well-documented link between the risk of thrombosis and the presence of beta2GPI-dependent anticardiolipin antibodies, the pathological impact of other antiphospholipid antibodies is ...
Swaak A J - - 2001
Data related to the disease course of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with special attention to the persistence of disease activity in the long term are scarce. At this moment reliable figures are only known about the survival rate as a measure of outcome. The aim of this multicenter ...
Al-Abbad A J - - 2001
The aim of this paper was to investigate the frequency of echocardiography (ECHO) and pulmonary function test (PFT) abnormalities in childhood onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine the relationship of these abnormalities to disease activity. The charts of 50 patients with childhood onset SLE attending a pediatric rheumatology ...
Khedr E M - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to obtain electrophysiological documentation of possible involvement of central and peripheral nervous system (CNS and PNS) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients even in the absence of neurological manifestations. The study included 30 consecutive patients with SLE and 25 age- and sex-matched volunteers as ...
Fresko I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To measure the intestinal permeability in patients with Behçet's syndrome (BS) and to compare the results with those obtained from healthy and diseased controls. METHOD: The study group comprised 34 patients with BS without known gastrointestinal disease. Ten patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 6 with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), ...
Karassa F B - - 2000
PURPOSE: We sought to identify the predictors of clinical outcome and of the evolution of cerebral abnormalities in patients with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with SLE (including 14 with the antiphospholipid syndrome) who had been hospitalized with primary neuropsychiatric disease were observed prospectively for ...
Erkan D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the 10 year functional outcome of primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: We identified 39 patients with primary APS (35 female, 4 male) who developed a first thrombotic or pregnancy event before 1990. Patients meeting American College of Rheumatology criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus or other connective tissue ...
Syrigos K N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The tumors of the gastrointestinal system have been associated with various immune disorders. The goal of this study was to correlate the presence of the anti-dsDNA autoantibodies in the serum of patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma suffering from the prognosis of their disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 55 patients ...
Hossny E - - 2000
To examine the possible relationship between anti-centromere antibodies (ACA) and pediatric rheumatologic diseases, we investigated the presence of ACA (using enzyme immunoassay) in the sera of 45 children and adolescents with such diseases and compared the results with a group of 42 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects. ACA were present ...
Crowson A N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Infection with parvovirus B19 (B19) has been associated with connective tissue disease (CTD) stigmata, namely, a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like illness, seronegative polyarthritis resembling rheumatoid arthritis, and vasculitis. The dermatopathology and pathogenetic basis of such B19-associated CTD-like syndromes have not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to document persistence of ...
Sultan S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of malignancy in a UK cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) under long-term review. METHOD: The University College London Lupus Clinic Database was used to identify a cohort of 276 patients followed up prospectively between 1978 and 1999. Standardized incidence ratios and 95% ...
Knapik-Kordecka M - - 2000
Difficulties to establish general characteristics of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon, especially frequency, rates and predisposing factors of the evolution of primary to secondary cases probably originate from substantial variation of evaluated cohorts. We conducted a prospective study using standardised diagnostic procedures in order to look for the specificity of patients ...
Kaya M - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently, the scoring system for the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) was modified by the International AIH Group. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of AIH in patients with cholangiographically proven primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) using this new scoring system. METHODS: A total of 211 PSC patients were ...
Santos-Ocampo A S - - 2000
AIM: To describe our experience with alveolar hemorrhage (AH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Review of medical records and pertinent medical literature using MEDLINE and reference lists from retrieved publications. PATIENTS: Seven patients with SLE admitted with episodes of AH (n = 11). RESULTS: Six patients were female, and ...
Naiker I P - - 2000
AIMS: This study was conducted prospectively to ascertain the prevalence of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACAs) in patients with lupus nephritis and to determine whether this subgroup of patients differed clinically and histologically from patients without the antibody. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 SLE patients (26 Blacks, 14 Indians, 37 females, 3 males) ...
Mant M J - - 2000
Misleading international normalized ratios (INR) may be obtained from anticoagulated patients with lupus anticoagulants (LA). As a result, special precautions have been suggested for oral anticoagulant dosing. It is possible that plasma from subjects with an anticardiolipin antibody (ACA) without an LA could also affect the INR. We have studied ...
Kuhn A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Lupus erythematosus tumidus (LET) is characterized clinically by erythematous, succulent, edematous, nonscarring plaques in sun-exposed areas. Results of histological examination show perivascular and periadnexal lymphocytic infiltration and interstitial mucin deposition. The main differential diagnoses are polymorphous light eruption, Jessner's lymphocytic infiltration of the skin, reticular erythematous mucinosis, and pseudolymphoma. ...
Nakamura T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Detection of podocytes in the urine indicates that severe injury of podocytes occurred in the glomerulus in children. METHODS: The pathological significance of podocytes in the urine was determined in patients with lupus nephritis. Podocytes were detected by immunofluorescence using a monoclonal antibody against podocalyxin present on the surface ...
Ishida R - - 2000
We analysed stress 201Tl myocardial single photon emission tomography (SPET) in collagen disease patients to evaluate abnormal uptake patterns and their clinical significance in the assessment of the cardiac status of these patients. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of reverse redistribution. Twenty-two collagen ...
Gentile R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of morphologic and functional cardiac abnormalities in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and correlate the data with antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) levels. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were enrolled and divided into two groups according to the presence ...
Gadea I - - 2000
A discriminant technique was applied to the different serological patterns obtained by enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blotting (EITB) and by conventional immunological tests, in order to differentiate the residual antibody patterns present in healed hydatidosis from the ones present in patients with active hydatidosis. For this purpose, specific antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus ...
Nakano M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical significance of anticentromere antibodies (ACA) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Two hundred sixteen patients with SLE who were treated in our department were surveyed cross sectionally for the presence of ACA using indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cell lines. ACA were identified by ...
Falaschi F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of early carotid atherosclerosis and associated risk factors in patients with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: The carotid intima-media wall thickness (IMT) was measured by B-mode ultrasound in patients with SLE onset before the age of 16 years and in sex- and age-matched healthy ...
Monticone G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The morphologic capillary microscopy (capillaroscopy) pattern of acrocyanosis is characterized by hemorrhages, pericapillary edema, and widened capillaries. These findings can result in a difficult differential diagnosis with systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantify the characteristics of the capillaroscopy pattern that distinguishes patients with acrocyanosis from patients with ...
Weiner S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prospectively abnormalities of brain glucose utilisation in relation to major or minor neuropsychiatric symptoms in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Positron emission tomography (PET) using F-18-labelled fluorodeoxyglucose was performed in 28 patients with SLE. Patients were classified as having severe neuropsychiatric manifestations (seizures, focal neurological deficits, acute ...
Ames P R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether plasma fibrinogen (FNG) measured longitudinally in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) increased over observational time faster than in a control group, and whether its increase might depend upon age, disease duration, disease activity, and medications. METHODS: Hospital based retrospective study with repeated ...
Carlomagno S - - 2000
We evaluated outcome and the clinical value of cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Fifty-one consecutive SLE subjects with or without overt nervous system involvement received two comprehensive neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological assessments, including the Mental Deterioration Battery, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and tests from the Wechsler Adult ...
Aung W - - 2000
In this study, we compared and reviewed the findings on lung perfusion scans performed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic lupus erythematosus with associated antiphospholipid syndrome (SLE + APS), and primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS), to evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary embolism in restricted samples of the patient groups. ...
Ward M M - - 2000
Identification of criterion standards for clinically important changes for groups of patients requires that judgments of the degree of change that represents a clinically important change are consistent among patients. We demonstrate the use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to test if patients' judgments of clinically important changes are ...
Karadsheh M F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: There is a wide variation in the natural history of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus among different ethnic and geographical groups. Studies in Arabs are few. This study aims to demonstrate the clinical characteristics of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients in Jordanians. METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of the cases ...
Neville C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Differences have been described between patient and physician assessments of well being in several chronic illnesses, and these differences may affect outcome. Disagreement may lead to dissatisfaction and to behaviors with dangerous consequences. We describe and identify predictors of patient-physician differences on ratings of disease activity in systemic lupus ...
Ogishima D - - 2000
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with a poor pregnancy outcome. Antiphospholipid antibodies (APL), which include lupus anticoagulant (LAC) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), are frequently found in patients with SLE, and their presence has been associated with fetal loss. To examine placental pathologic features of SLE patients with APL, we ...
Voulgarelis M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of different causes of anaemia in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their associations with immunological and clinical parameters and to evaluate the contribution of erythropoietin (Epo) and anti-erythropoietin (anti-Epo) autoantibodies to the development of SLE anaemia. METHODS: 132 SLE patients with anaemia (defined ...
Kokori S I - - 2000
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the clinical and serologic associations with, and outcomes of, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, as compared with other types of anemia, in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We studied 41 consecutive patients with SLE with clinically manifest autoimmune hemolytic anemia, including 27 (66%) ...
Gilboe I M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To examine bone mineral density (BMD) frequency of osteoporosis and reduced bone mass in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and compare the data of the SLE patients with matched rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy controls. Secondly, to study possible correlations between BMD, demographic and disease variables in the SLE ...
Huang L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible bone changes in female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) induced by long-term administration of Tripterygium Wilfordii Hook. F (TW). METHODS: 70 female SLE patients were divided into 4 groups according to their drug history: SLE disease control group, corticosteroids treatment group, TW treatment group, ...
Seguí J - - 2000
The objective was to analyze psychiatric disorders and psychosocial dysfunction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), studied longitudinally during active and subsequent inactive stage of their disease. During a 6 month period of study, we selected 20 consecutive patients with SLE who presented with a SLE flare. All patients ...
Sherer Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: As APS (antiphospholipid syndrome) can be either primary or secondary to a wide range of other conditions (such as autoimmune diseases, malignancies, infectious diseases, and drug-induced conditions) the aim of this study was to describe a novel overlap syndrome of APS. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with either PM (polymytosis) ...
Pan T L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe the aetiology and clinical profile of primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in SLE patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of SLE patients with PHT identified from a cohort of 786 SLE patients seen at Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore. RESULTS: 22 patients had primary and 24 patients ...
Hefti F - - 2000
Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia is a rare disease with a variable history. The pseudarthrosis is usually not present at birth (and therefore is not truly congenital) but occurs during the first decade of life. Paget in 1891 was the first to describe a case. The etiology is unknown. Neurofibromatosis ...
Cervera R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and immunological characteristics of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in men from a large series of unselected patients with this condition. METHODS: We studied 223 consecutive patients (204 women and 19 men; mean age at onset 53 y, range 15-87 y, mean disease duration 77 months) ...
Bruno E - - 2000
The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of nasal mucosal involvement in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The authors selected patients affected by SLE with a symptomatology based on bad nasal breathing, in absence of anatomical deformities of the nose. Specimens representing eighteen histological sections of ...
Weber M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate familial history for evidence of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and autoimmune disease in rheumatology department patients with primary or secondary APS. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with APS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) managed at the Rheumatology Department of the Bichat University Hospital, Paris, between 1987 and 1996. ...
Rojas-Rodriguez J - - 2000
In 1992, an attempt to single out a different and important group of patients was adopted by introducing the term "catastrophic" antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) to describe their potentially life threatening clinical course, characterized by acute multiorgan failure (3 or more organ systems damaged). Patients previously described in the literature showed ...
Kaplanski G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that in vitro endothelial cells are activated by antiphospholipid antibodies and may support leukocyte adhesion. We studied levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1, sCD54), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1, sCD106), and soluble E-selectin (soluble endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 [sELAM-1, sCD62E]) ...
Haarala M - - 2000
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are autoimmune diseases which have many similarities with interstitial cystitis (IC), a urinary bladder disease with unknown etiology. This survey on the occurrence, severity and nature of lower urinary tract symptoms among patients suffering from SS or SLE showed that these patients ...
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