Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2199
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Barbosa Amanda Pires - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the outcome of patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy in comparison to that of patients with Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy in the contemporary era. OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of chagasic patients with chronic systolic heart failure secondary to Chagas cardiomyopathy with that observed in patients with IDC ...
Gough John E - - 2012
Dyspneic patients are commonly encountered by Emergency Medical Service (EMS). Frequent causes include Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Congestive Heart Failure (CHF). Measurement of peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) has been proposed to help differentiate COPD from CHF. This prospective, cohort, pilot study was conducted to determine if PEFR ...
Sasa Hidenori - - 2012
Objective. To investigate the indication and limitations of uterine artery embolization (UAE), we retrospectively analyzed the case of patients with uterine leiomyomas who had undergone UAE. Methods. During the past 7 years, 25 patients with uterine leiomyomas had undergone UAE in our hospital. UAE was indicated in patients with menstrual ...
Okamoto Tsukasa - - 2011
Background: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an immune-mediated lung disease induced by inhalation of numerous antigens. Pathologically, chronic HP tends to show usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (fNSIP) patterns. Patients with UIP pattern present insidious onset and a risk for acute exacerbations. Methods: To evaluate the proteomic ...
Chen Hung-Cheng - - 2011
We conducted a retrospective study of the adult patients (age ≥18 years) with serologically confirmed scrub typhus admitted between January 1998 and December 2009 at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. There were 63 adult scrub typhus patients with chest radiographic examinations. A total of 147 chest radiographs were obtained and ...
Leveziel Nicolas - - 2011
Proliferative sickle cell retinopathy (PSCR) is the most frequent vision-threatening complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). We investigated the relationship between the severity of sickle cell retinopathy in heterozygous (SC) or homozygous (SS) adult SCD patients and the clinical and laboratory data obtained during visits to a national SCD referral ...
Kredel Markus - - 2011
PURPOSE: Elimination of carbon dioxide by an arteriovenous extracorporeal lung assist (av-ECLA) can facilitate the lung protective capabilities of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). This case series describes patients treated with HFOV because of severe respiratory failure with and without additional av-ECLA. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 31 patients regarding patient ...
Tiev Kiet Phong - - 2011
BackgroundRespiratory failure is a life-threatening and unpredictable complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). A study was undertaken to assess the value of alveolar nitric oxide (NO) in predicting the risk of lung function deterioration leading to respiratory failure or death in patients with SSc.Methods105 patients with SSc were enrolled in this ...
Razeghi Effat - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship between pulmonary function and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, albumin, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, as inflammatory biomarkers, in hemodialysis patients. Ninety-eight patients, who were dialyzed at least for 3 months, were included in this study. Patients' blood samples ...
Mineo G - - 2011
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the evolution of 20 patients with H1N1 pneumonia, focusing our attention on patients with severe clinical and radiological findings who developed post-acute respiratory distress syndrome (post-ARDS) pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty adult patients (nine women and 11 men; mean age 43.5±16.4 years) with ...
Jamal Joseph E - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: The efficacy of computed tomography (CT) in detailing upper urinary tract calculi is well established. There is no established acceptable annual recommended limit for medical exposure, yet the global accepted upper limit for occupational radiation exposure is <50 millisieverts (mSv) in any one year. We sought ...
Benich Joseph John JJ - - 2011
Initial evaluation of the patient with chronic cough (i.e., of more than eight weeks' duration) should include a focused history and physical examination, and in most patients, chest radiography. Patients who are taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor should switch to a medication from another drug class. The most common causes ...
Kotti George H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Current published guidelines on spirometry interpretation suggest an elevated forced vital capacity and a forced vital expiratory volume at one second (FEV₁) greater than 100% predicted with an obstructive ratio may represent a physiological variant. There is minimal evidence whether this finding can be indicative of symptomatic airways obstruction. ...
Kosciuch Justyna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bronchial remodeling is currently known to affect not only patients with asthma, but also COPD patients. Some studies have demonstrated that basement membrane thickening and destruction of the bronchial epithelium are also found in COPD. The aim of the study was to compare the basement membrane thickness (BMT) and ...
Clements Philip J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report is to compare baseline, management and survival characteristics in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) with systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-APAH) using data from the prospectively enrolled PAH Quality Enhancement Research Initiative.METHODS: Between August 2005 and July 2007, patients with IPAH and SSc-APAH were ...
Martins Jocimar A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Slow expiration with glottis opened in lateral posture (ELTGOL) has been used in clinical practice to improve mucus clearance from peripheral airways. The purpose of this crossover study was to evaluate the effect of ELTGOL on mucus clearance of right and left lungs, especially of peripheral lung areas, in ...
Maeda Jun - - 2011
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are very common in patients with trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13). The surgical indication of CHD remains controversial since the natural history of these trisomies is documented to be poor. To investigate the outcome of CHD in patients with T18 and T13, we collected ...
Furusawa Yoshihiko - - 2011
We examined the efficacy of 2-year enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) using recombinant human α-glucosidase (GAA; Myozyme®) in five long-term ventilator-dependent adults and aged patients with advanced, late-onset glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII, also known as Pompe disease). Although all patients had advanced respiratory failure and were ventilator-dependent for more ...
Yoshida Yuji - - 2011
Clinical presentation of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) during immunosuppressive therapy for rheumatic diseases was compared between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 7) and those without RA (non-RA; n = 12) based on a chart review. Both RA and non-RA patients with PCP were treated with methotrexate (n = 7) ...
Biviano Angelo B - - 2012
The clinical features and electrophysiological characteristics of patients with focal left atrial tachycardias (LATs) are not well characterized. This study reports the experience of a single center in catheter mapping and radiofrequency ablation of focal LAT not associated with prior atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, including in cardiac sarcoidosis and transplant ...
Pnadey R - - 2011
Background Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has become an integral tool in the management of acute and chronic respiratory failure. Studies have shown that use of NIV decreases the length of hospital stay, improves symptoms and also reduces the need for invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with respiratory failure. However, NIV is ...
Keijsers R G - - 2011
Fluor-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET is able to demonstrate sarcoidosis activity. Ongoing pulmonary sarcoidosis activity can be reflected by a decline in pulmonary function tests (PFT). To assess whether diffuse metabolic activity of the lung parenchyma imaged by 18F-FDG PET predicts future pulmonary deterioration, 18F-FDG PET was compared with PFT. In ...
Ingegnoli Francesca - - 2011
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent complication of inflammatory myopathies with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Antibodies against aminoacyl-tRNA-synthetases are the strongest predictive factors in ILD. In this study, we reviewed the literature and we retrospectively analysed high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in a cohort of 131 consecutive ...
Tsujimura S - - 2011
Spirometry is practically the only tool to evaluate pulmonary functions. Other automatic systems comparable to spirometry are expected. A fiber-grating (FG) vision sensor is a non-contact respiratory monitoring system to detect changes in volumes by measuring the movement of laser spots on the body surface. We examined the contributions of ...
Hanania Nicola A - - 2011
COPD is a preventable and treatable disease characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. The diagnosis of COPD is based on spirometric evidence of airways obstruction following bronchodilator administration. Although it used to be commonly believed that patients with COPD have largely irreversible airflow obstruction, evidence now suggests ...
Maher Janae L - - 2011
Macroglossia is defined as an enlarged tongue that in the resting position protrudes beyond the alveolar ridge or teeth. Macroglossia may be a chronic, indolent phenomenon or may be acute. We present a case of acute traumatic macroglossia in a pediatric patient following accidental self-application of an orthodontic elastic band. ...
Benedik Barbara - - 2011
Limited information is available about Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have conceived this analysis to study the associations between MNA questionnaire, body composition, and rehospitalisations in patients with COPD. This prospective study recruited control subjects and COPD patients for pulmonary function ...
Kernan Scott - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) and oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in adults undergoing thoracic surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-blinded trial. Tertiary care, University-based hospital. Nineteen adult patients undergoing thoracic surgery requiring OLV. During inhalational anesthesia with desflurane, patients were randomized to receive either dexmedetomidine ...
Dutt Tiyas Sen - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will be the third leading cause of death by 2020. Recent studies reveal that pulmonary embolism (PE) may be a trigger of acute deterioration in patients with COPD. Patients with COPD have approximately twice the risk of PE than those without COPD. The primary objective ...
Nagdeve Nilesh G - - 2011
To assess the results of primary posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) in male neonates with high anorectal malformations (ARM) who on invertogram showed well descended rectum. Twelve full-term male neonates with high ARM over a period of one and half years were selected for primary PSARP based on the findings of ...
Koblizek V - - 2011
Associations between nasal and bronchial impairment have been repeatedly described in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas nasal mucociliary clearance (MCC) in COPD patients is not yet fully understood. We studied nasal MCC parameters in COPD patients and compared them with healthy adults (HA) and with cystic fibrosis (CF) patients ...
Jaganmohan Sathya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Duodenal lesions (DLS) are common in patients with familial adenomatosis polyposis (FAP), and screening for duodenal adenocarcinoma (DA) is currently recommended. Endoscopic treatment of DLS is controversial. AIM: To report management and outcomes of endoscopic therapy for DLS in patients with FAP. METHODS: The records of patients with FAP ...
Zorlu Ali - - 2011
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate echocardiography-guided hemodynamic determinants of quality of life (QoL) via the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36) questionnaire in patients with mild to moderate mitral stenosis (MS). Methods: Eighty consecutive patients with rheumatic MS, who were admitted to the outpatient department, were enrolled into the study ...
Win Thida - - 2011
We prospectively investigated the potential of positron emission tomography (PET) using the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) analogue (68)Ga-DOTATATE and 2-deoxy-2[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) in diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD). Twenty-six patients (mean age 68.9 ± 11.0 years) with DPLD were recruited for (68)Ga-DOTATATE and (18)F-FDG combined PET/high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) studies. Ten patients ...
Straub Christof - - 2011
We used comparative proteomics to analyze eosinophils from a patient with hypereosinophilia due to fascioliasis. Using 2-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, we demonstrated that the eosinophil proteome was significantly altered compared to those of healthy controls.
Zorlu Ali - - 2011
Red cell distribution width (RDW) is strongly associated with prognosis in cardiopulmonary disorders such as coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction, acute and chronic heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension. However, its prognostic significance in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation ...
Wang Yong - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NTproBNP) is a predictor of adverse short-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE), but its long-term prognostic value remains largely undefined. The aim of this study was to assess the value of plasma NTproBNP with regard to recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). MATERIALS ...
Girmenia C - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect 2011 ABSTRACT: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Mycosis Study Group (EORTC-MSG) radiological definitions of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) may lack diagnostic sensitivity. We evaluated applying less restrictive radiological criteria, when supported by specific microbiological findings, to define IPA in acute myeloid ...
Roh Seung-Young - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Chronic lung disease (CLD) is one of the important underlying diseases of atrial fibrillation (AF). The outcomes after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of AF in patients with CLD have not yet been reported. We investigated the electroanatomical alterations in pulmonary veins (PVs) in CLD patients with AF and assessed ...
Rusanov Victoria - - 2011
Abstract BACKGROUND:Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with a 3-year median survival. Lung volume and diffusion capacity at rest are usually used to monitor the clinical course. Due to its high mortality, identification of patients at high-risk is crucial for treatment strategies such as lung transplantation (LTX). This ...
Mutlak Diab - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: The frequency, causes and prognostic implications of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) are not well defined. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of PHT [pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) ≥50 mm Hg] in patients with severe AS, identify the factors ...
Desai Devendra - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary abnormalities have been recognized in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), their prevalence and clinical significance are not known. AIM: To study the prevalence and clinical significance of pulmonary abnormalities in patients with IBD. METHODS: Ninety-five non-consecutive patients with IBD (12 Crohn's disease, 83 ulcerative colitis; mean ...
Abdelrahim M E - - 2011
Nebulising a bronchodilator during non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is effective but there is a lack of consensus on the system to use because comparator in vivo studies in these patients are difficult. Urinary pharmacokinetic methodology post inhalation could provide this information. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients requiring NIV received randomised study ...
Kristan Ss - - 2011
Angiogenesis is a prominent feature of structural tissue remodeling that occurs in chronic airway diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the airway levels of VEGF, angiogenin, IL-8, and TNF-α in COPD patients during the stable phase and during acute exacerbation of ...
Hu Ji-Qiang - - 2011
Is SIPVI Sufficient for Focally Triggered Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation? Introduction: Selective ipsilateral pulmonary vein isolation (SIPVI) has shown comparable efficacy in focal triggered atrial fibrillation (AF) versus isolation of all pulmonary veins (PVs), yet the sufficiency for such an ablation strategy to all patients is unclear. This study sought to ...
Alonso-Martínez José Luis - - 2012
After an acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the complete resolution of thromboemboli may not be routinely achieved. The rate of persistence may depend on the time and the diagnostic technique used for evaluation. Patients were diagnosed with acute PE by means of computed tomography angiography (CTA). While they were receiving anticoagulant ...
Piñana José Luis - - 2011
Pretransplant pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have been checked mostly in myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation (Allo-SCT). Their value in the setting of reduced intensity conditioning Allo-SCT (Allo-RIC) has been less explored. We retrospectively evaluated the predictive value of PFTs on posttransplant pulmonary complications (PPC) and outcomes in 195 consecutive Allo-RIC ...
Popler Jonathan - - 2011
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1), also known as Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy Candidiasis and Ectodermal Dysplasia (APECD) is a disorder caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene. In some APS-1 patients, significant pulmonary disease is observed. Autoantibodies directed against the potassium channel regulatory protein (KCNRG), found in epithelial cells ...
Brücken U - - 2011
Patients with respiratory failure undergoing prone positioning (PP) are often monitored by the transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) technique. However, it remains unclear whether the measurement of TPTD-derived variables is influenced by PP. We investigated the effects of 135° PP on the accuracy of TPTD-derived variables and their changes over an 8-10 h ...
Bonella Francesco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare syndrome characterized by the intra-alveolar accumulation of surfactant lipids and proteins. The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, physiologic, and laboratory features of PAP in a large single-center cohort of patients with PAP. STUDY POPULATION: Over 30 years, ...
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