Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2198
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Wang Jenn Yeu - - 2012
In this report, the clinical characteristics of a 65-year-old female patient with tricuspid regurgitation, ischemic cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, and chronic renal failure were retrospectively evaluated. Laboratory studies revealed cardiogenic ascites coincided with nephrogenic ascites and subclinical amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism. The ascites of the patient was responsive to management of congestive ...
- - 2012
It would appear that clonidine has few advantages compared with adrenaline in local anaesthetic solutions.
Byrnes Matthew C - - 2012
Therapeutic anticoagulation is an important treatment of thromboembolic complications, such as DVT, PE, and blunt cerebrovascular injury. Traumatic intracranial hemorrhage has traditionally been considered to be a contraindication to anticoagulation. Therapeutic anticoagulation can be safely accomplished in select patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. Patients who developed thromboembolic complications of DVT, ...
Smetkin Alexey A - - 2012
Introduction. In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) the recruitment maneuver (RM) is used to reexpand atelectatic areas of the lungs aiming to improve arterial oxygenation. The goal of our paper was to evaluate the response to RM, as assessed by measurements of extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) in ARDS patients. ...
Matsumura Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Objective Respiratory muscle weakness causes alveolar hypoventilation and reduced lung compliance in neuromuscular disorders. Lung inflation is important to prevent secondary pulmonary complications however respiratory and laryngeal dysfunction often hamper lung inflation. There is a need for a convenient and low-cost device that enables effective lung inflation. We tested a ...
Vyshedskiy Andrey - - 2012
Objective. It is generally accepted that crackles are due to sudden opening of airways and that larger airways produce crackles of lower pitch than smaller airways do. As larger airways are likely to open earlier in inspiration than smaller airways and the reverse is likely to be true in expiration, ...
Inamasu Joji - - 2012
Patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are often complicated with acute cardiopulmonary dysfunctions, particularly neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) and takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy (TCM). This study retrospectively investigated the incidence, demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients with SAH complicated with both NPE and TCM (NPE-TCM). The effects of aneurysm location and ...
Marjani Majid - - 2012
We report the case of a 23-year-old asthmatic woman who had clinical and radiological deterioration due to Mycobacterium szulgai infection and good response to anti-mycobacterial treatment without any structural abnormalities in previous lung imaging studies. M. szulgai may be considered a pathogen able to cause deterioration of respiratory health even ...
Singh Virendra - - 2012
Bronchodilator reversibility and diurnal peak flow variability are considered characteristic of asthma patients. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) show poor reversibility. But reversibility and variability in other pulmonary diseases manifesting with airflow obstruction in not known. Therefore, we assessed reversibility and peak flow variability in patients with various ...
Abdulla Eiman - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of pulmonary function abnormalities in clinically asymptomatic children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and to determine the relationship of these abnormalities to clinical, laboratory, and immunological parameters as well as to disease activity. Forty-two children with childhood onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ...
Guirguis Maged - - 2012
Brachial plexus blocks have become very common for patients undergoing upper extremity surgery. We report a case in which the patient developed ipsilateral phrenic nerve paralysis and acute respiratory failure following supraclavicular nerve block. A 61-year-old female diabetic, morbidly obese patient presented for a repeat debridement of necrotizing fasciitis on ...
Berdal Gunnhild - - 2012
Pulmonary involvement is a known manifestation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, previous studies have been based on small samples and the reported prevalence and associations with typical clinical features vary. The purpose of this study was to compare pulmonary function (PF) in patients with AS and population controls, ...
Chang William Y C - - 2012
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare disease occurring almost exclusively in women. Diagnosis often requires surgical biopsy and the clinical course varies between patients with no predictors of progression. We evaluated recent diagnostic guidelines, clinical features and serum biomarkers as diagnostic and prognostic tools. Serum vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D), angiotensin converting ...
Freed Benjamin H - - 2012
Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) occurs at the right ventricular (RV) insertion point (RVIP) in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and has been shown to correlate with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) derived RV indices. However, the prognostic role of RVIP-LGE and other CMR-derived parameters of RV function are not well established. ...
Bruno Cosimo Marcello - - 2012
The authors describe the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to development of acidosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its deleterious effects on outcome and mortality rate. Renal compensatory adjustments consequent to acidosis are also described in detail with emphasis on differences between acute and chronic respiratory acidosis. Mixed acid-base ...
Garfield Jamie L - - 2012
To characterize and compare total lung capacity (TLC) measured by plethysmography with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and to identify variables that predict the difference between the two modalities. Fifty-nine consecutive patients referred for the evaluation of COPD were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent full pulmonary function testing and HRCT within 3 ...
Kitaguchi Yoshiaki - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma may overlap and converge in older people (overlap syndrome). It was hypothesized that patients with overlap syndrome may have different clinical characteristics such as sputum eosinophilia, and better responsiveness to treatment with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS). Sixty-three patients with stable COPD (forced expiratory volume ...
Liu Shou-Hsuan - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the outcomes for patients with intentional organophosphate poisoning. Previous reports indicate that in contrast to normal heart rate-corrected QT intervals (QTc), QTc prolongation might be indicative of a poor prognosis for patients exposed to organophosphates. We analyzed the records of 118 patients who were referred ...
Yamauchi Yasuhiro - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation consisting of airway obstruction and parenchymal emphysema, with loss of elastic recoil. The forced oscillation technique can detect impairment of lung function by measuring lung impedance during normal tidal breathing. Respiratory resistance (Rrs) in COPD has been well-studied, but ...
Sixt S U - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that proteasomes have a biological role in the extracellular alveolar space, but inflammation could change their composition. We tested whether immunoproteasome protein-containing subpopulations are present in the alveolar space of patients with lung inflammation evoking the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) supernatants and ...
Wang Yuqi - - 2012
This study aimed to retrospectively summarize the clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment of congenital bronchial atresia (CBA) in 12 patients. Chest radiographs and computed tomographic (CT) images of 12 patients with CBA treated in the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were reviewed. Analysis of chest radiographs revealed ten patients ...
Miniati Massimo - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and potentially fatal disease that is still underdiagnosed. The objective of our study was to reappraise the clinical presentation of PE with emphasis on the identification of the symptoms and signs that prompt the patients to seek medical attention. We studied 800 patients with ...
Kaur Manminder - - 2012
There are increased numbers of activated lymphocytes in the lungs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The clinical benefits of corticosteroids in COPD patients are limited. Our hypothesis is that lymphocytes play a role in this corticosteroid insensitivity. To investigate the effects of the corticosteroid dexamethasone on lung lymphocyte ...
Cheadle Chris - - 2012
Gene expression profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is a powerful tool for the identification of surrogate markers involved in disease processes. The hypothesis tested in this study was that chronic exposure of PBMCs to a hypertensive environment in remodeled pulmonary vessels would be reflected by specific transcriptional changes ...
Castro Antonio A M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to measure dynamic lung hyperinflation and its influence on dyspnea perception in moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients after performing activities of daily living. We measured inspiratory capacity, sensation of dyspnea, peripheral oxygen saturation, heart rate and respiratory rate in 19 chronic ...
Auner Birgit - - 2012
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a proinflammatory lipid mediator correlates well with the acute phase of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Therefore, LTB4-levels were investigated to determine whether they might be a useful clinical marker in predicting pulmonary complications (PC) in multiply traumatized patients. Plasma levels of LTB4 were determined in 100 ...
Chew Michelle S - - 2012
The diagnosis of acute lung injury (ALI) may be more robust if more accurate physiological markers can be identified. Extravascular lung water (EVLW) is one possible marker, and it has been shown to correlate with respiratory function and mortality in patients with sepsis. Whether EVLW confers diagnostic value in a ...
Brissett Monique - - 2012
To determine the role of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) in mediating the effects of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) on tenascin-C (TN-C) production and to assess the levels of TN-C in vivo in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated pulmonary fibrosis. Human primary lung fibroblasts were stimulated with ...
Ramires Bruna Rubi - - 2012
Elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) usually have a compromised nutritional status which is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. To know the Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) and the substrate oxidation measurement is essential to prevent these complications. This study aimed to compare the REE, respiratory quotient ...
Löndahl Jakob - - 2012
Air pollution, mainly from combustion, is one of the leading global health risk factors. A susceptible group is the more than 200 million people worldwide suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There are few data on lung deposition of airborne particles in patients with COPD and none for combustion ...
Lee Eun Joo - - 2012
Tuberculous destroyed lung (TDL) is diagnosed by a clear past history of tuberculosis with findings of parenchymal destruction verified by chest X-ray. Despite the resultant deterioration of lung function and quality of lives seen in TDL patients, the exact mechanism or characteristics of pulmonary function worsening have not been clearly ...
Skjøt-Arkil Helene - - 2012
Elastin is an essential component of selected connective tissues that provides a unique physiological elasticity. Elastin may be considered a signature protein of lungs where matrix metalloprotease (MMP) -9-and -12, may be considered the signature proteases of the macrophages, which in part are responsible for tissue damage during disease progression. ...
Zhang Ruoyu - - 2012
At present only few studies directly compare the diagnostic yield of endobronchial ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (EBUS-FNA) and transcervical video-assisted mediastinoscopy (TM) for mediastinal lymph node staging in patients with NSCLC. If and when EBUS-FNA may replace TM as Gold Standard remains controversial. From April 2008 to December 2009, ...
Hallgren Oskar - - 2012
During wound healing processes fibroblasts account for wound closure by adopting a contractile phenotype. One disease manifestation of COPD is emphysema which is characterized by destruction of alveolar walls and our hypothesis is that fibroblasts in the COPD lungs differentiate into a more contractile phenotype as a response to the ...
Hara Atsuko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a specific form of chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause, and the prognosis remains poor. On the other hand, other fibrotic interstitial pneumonias such as idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (I-NSIP) and collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CVD-IP) resemble IPF, but they respond ...
Rose Ml - - 2011
Objectives:  Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) frequently accompanies childhood congenital heart disease (CHD) and may persist into adult life. The advent of specific PAH therapies for PAH prompted formation of a national ANZ registry in 2010 to document the incidence, demographics, presentation and outcomes for these patients. Design:  This multicentre, prospective, ...
Lee Namheon - - 2011
Adult patients who underwent tetralogy of Fallot repair surgery (rTOF) confront life-threatening ailments due to right ventricular (RV) myocardial dysfunction. Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) needs to be performed to restore the deteriorating RV function. Determination of correct timing to perform PVR in an rTOF patient remains subjective, due to the ...
Sekiya Kiyoshi - - 2011
Background: Lung function determined by spirometry and the severity of dyspnea correlate weakly in asthma patients. We attempted to determine the risk factors in asthma patients having persistent airway obstruction despite of having only mild subjective symptoms, and to examine the possibility of improving FEV1 by treating asthma on the ...
Janata Karin - - 2011
BACKGROUD AND AIM: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) present with highly variable symptoms and ECG abnormalities. As ST-elevation in lead aVR has recently been described to predict right ventricular dysfunction (RVD), we aimed to correlate this sign to the severity of APE. METHODS: Three-hundred ninety-six consecutive patients (in centers ...
Piccoli Antonio - - 2012
There is no gold standard for the differential diagnosis of acute dyspnea despite the usefulness of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and lung ultrasound. No study has evaluated the contribution of bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in discriminating between cardiac and noncardiac dyspnea. We sought to determine whether a relationship ...
Mutoh Tatsushi - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) as a systemic consequence early after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) sometimes complicates perioperative and postoperative fluid management and increases the risk of a poor outcome. This is the first report to demonstrate the ability of a bedside transpulmonary thermodilution device to trace physiological patterns consistent ...
Chapman Eleanor A - - 2012
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare tumour which is difficult to diagnose in its early stages. Earlier detection of MM could potentially improve survival. Exhaled breath sampling of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using a carbon polymer array (CPA) electronic nose recognises specific breath profiles characteristic of different diseases, and can ...
Lee J S - - 2012
Some patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis experience acute exacerbations in their respiratory status leading to substantial morbidity and mortality. Occult aspiration of gastric contents has been proposed as one possible mechanism leading to these acute exacerbations. We sought to determine whether pepsin, a marker of gastric aspiration, is elevated in ...
Demoruelle M Kristen - - 2012
To evaluate the presence of pulmonary abnormalities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related autoantibody-positive subjects without inflammatory arthritis. Forty-two subjects who did not have inflammatory arthritis but were positive for anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies and/or ≥2 rheumatoid factor isotypes (a profile that is 96% specific for RA), 15 autoantibody-negative controls, and 12 ...
Okumura Yasuo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although sites of complex fractionated electrograms (CFAEs) and dominant frequency (DF) are known to be critical for the maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), spatial distribution of CFAEs and DF and their impact on the outcome of AF ablation remain unclear. METHODS: We created CFAE and DF maps of the ...
Stanzani Marta - - 2011
Background. Invasive mold diseases (IMDs) of the lung remain a challenge for immunocompromised patients. Although timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial for the outcome of the infection, the poor sensitivity of microbiological techniques and the limited specificity of chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) often delay definitive diagnosis of these infections.Methods. To explore ...
Palla A - - 2012
Incidental pulmonary embolism (PE) in cancer patients is usually thought to be of mild degree. We investigated the severity of PE and evaluated the potential of raising the suspicion of PE in such patients. The computed tomography (CT) extent of PE was evaluated in 19 consecutive unsuspected and 19 randomly ...
Schaff Hartzell V - - 2012
Many patients with symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have minimal left ventricular outflow tract gradients, and there is uncertainty whether their limitation is due to diastolic dysfunction or labile outflow tract obstruction. The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic ...
Diazzi Chiara - - 2011
Background. Propylthiouracil (PTU) therapy is associated with a variety of adverse reactions, among the most rare being interstitial pneumonia. To date, this has been reported in four Asian patients with autoimmune hyperthyroidism. Here we describe a Caucasian woman who developed a bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP)-like interstitial pneumonia after PTU ...
Kumpe David A - - 2012
The use of unilateral dural sinus stent placement in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has been described by multiple investigators. To date there is a paucity of information on the angiographic and hemodynamic outcome of these procedures. The object of this study was to define the clinical, angiographic, and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >