Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 912
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Hamzehloo Ali - - 2006
To assess contrast transcranial Doppler (TCD) for detection of right-to-left shunt (RLSh). We studied 30 patients aged between 25-45 years admitted to Al-Zahra Hospital, affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, between May 2003 and May 2005. All patients underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with contrast and contrast TCD. Eleven (36.6%) ...
O'Sullivan S S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The EEG is a commonly requested test on patients attending psychiatric services, predominantly to investigate for a possible organic brain syndrome causing behavioural changes. AIMS: To assess referrals for EEG from psychiatric services in comparison with those from other sources. We determine which clinical factors were associated with an ...
Majamaa-Voltti K A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To follow the clinical course of patients with the mitochondrial DNA mutation 3243A>G for 3 years. METHODS: Thirty-three adult patients with the 3243A>G mutation entered a 3-year follow-up study. They were clinically evaluated annually, audiometry was performed, and samples were drawn for the analysis of blood chemistry and mutation ...
Kalita J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: There is paucity of prospective studies evaluating the role of EEG in the prognosis of status epilepticus (SE). The present study aims at evaluating the role of clinical, EEG and radiological changes in predicting the outcome of SE. METHODS: Consecutive patients with SE were prospectively evaluated. Status epilepticus was ...
Heller, Grant L.
The literature on EEG's in hepato-lenticular degeneration has been reviewed; over half of 80 reported patients had abnormal tracings. Eight additional EEG's on seven patients are presented; two definitely abnormal, three borderline and three normal. Trends include continuous slowing of background frequency and sharp diphasic forms bicentrally and elsewhere. There ...
Pogarell Oliver - - 2006
Neurophysiological studies in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) consistently revealed frontal alterations of cortical activity but otherwise showed inhomogeneous results, conceivably due to variable subgroups with diverse pathomechanisms involved. The aim of this study was to investigate quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with OCD as compared to healthy controls and ...
Betting Luiz Eduardo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the EEG profile and its contribution for diagnosis and management in a group of patients with a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) who were referred to a tertiary hospital. METHODS: We retrospectively studied clinical and EEG features of 180 consecutive patients with IGE. Eighty patients ...
Valente Kette D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the electroclinical phenotype in 5 patients with large supernumerary marker chromosome referred as inv dup (15), in an attempt to analyze the electroclinical spectrum in order to determine if the binomial epilepsy-EEG is stereotyped enough to corroborate this challenging diagnosis. METHODS: Five patients with large inv dup ...
Coutin-Churchman Pedro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and clinical correlations of abnormal QEEG features in alcoholic patients. METHODS: Quantitative EEG (frequency analysis, absolute and relative powers of the four classical bands) was assessed in 191 male alcoholic patients admitted in our facility for detoxification process. All underwent psychiatric, medical and neurological examination ...
Kim Howard L - - 2006
PURPOSE: Children with autism are commonly referred for video-EEG monitoring to determine the precise nature of their seizure-like events. METHODS: We studied 32 children with autism by using continuous video-EEG telemetry (VEEG) monitoring at a tertiary care referral center. RESULTS: Of the 32 total patients, 22 were primarily referred for ...
Bahi-Buisson Nadia - - 2006
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is one of the main features of Menkes disease (MD), although it is not described in depth. To determine the spectrum of epilepsy, we studied its main characteristics. METHODS: Based on clinical charts, we retrospectively analyzed the evolution of electroclinical features of 12 patients with confirmed MD. RESULTS: ...
Koenig Matthew A - - 2006
Electrophysiologic testing continues to play an important role in injury stratification and prognostication in patients who are comatose after cardiac arrest. As discussed previously, however, the adage about treating whole patients, not just the numbers, is relevant in this situation. EEG and SSEP can offer high specificity for discerning poor ...
Auvin Stéphane - - 2006
PURPOSE: Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infants (BMEI) is a rare epileptic syndrome characterized only by generalized myoclonic seizures (MSs) in normal children during the first 2 years. Our aim was to assess the electroclinical features and the follow-up of this syndrome. METHODS: BMEI was confirmed by electroencephalogram (EEG) in four ...
Abásolo D - - 2006
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder. Although a definite diagnosis is only possible by necropsy, a differential diagnosis with other types of dementia and with major depression should be attempted. The aim of this study was to analyse the electroencephalogram (EEG) background activity of AD patients to ...
Chez Michael G - - 2006
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect 1 in 166 births. Although electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities and clinical seizures may play a role in ASDs, the exact frequency of EEG abnormalities in an ASD population that has not had clinical seizures or prior abnormal EEGs is unknown. There is no current consensus on ...
Jansen Floor E - - 2006
PURPOSE: We compared epileptiform activity recorded with EEG and magnetoencephalography (MEG) in 19 patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and epilepsy. METHODS: High-resolution (HR) EEG, HR-MEG, and 1.5-T MRI scans were performed. Epileptiform spikes were identified in EEG and MEG recordings offline by three observers. Spikes for which the interobserver ...
Majkova T N - - 2006
A prospective randomized study based on case monitoring and treatment of the patients with chronic tension-type headache was carried out, which revealed the regularities in the effects of basic groups of central neurotropic drugs on clinical manifestations and the EEG data. The patients of control (n=90) and experimental (n=91) groups ...
Kang Hoon Chul - - 2006
The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical and encephalographic (EEG) features of infantile spasms (IS) with malformations of cortical development (MCDs). The clinical features, EEG findings, neuroimaging studies and outcomes of various therapeutic modalities for 27 patients with IS and MCDs were reviewed. Background activities of EEG ...
Glassman Elena L - - 2006
We are building an ambulatory version of a patient-specific epileptic seizure detector based on scalp EEG signals. Since patients have to wear the electrodes all the time, it is desirable to use the minimum number of electrodes needed to achieve good performance. In this paper, we describe a method that ...
Piraccini Bianca Maria - - 2006
Lipedematous scalp is a rare disorder, mainly described in adult African-American females. We report 2 adult caucasian males with lipedematous scalp associated with androgenetic alopecia. Patients were studied by dermoscopy and histopathology; they were treated with finasteride 1 mg. In our patients, lipedematous scalp affected the occipital and the vertex ...
Begum Tahamina - - 2006
We report a patient with severe dementia who acutely developed transient coma following possible acute anoxic encephalopathy, and presented multifocal periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) on EEG, who had a good recovery from the acute state. Two EEGs were recorded from this patient. In the first EEG taken immediately after ...
Di Bonaventura Carlo - - 2006
PURPOSE: Electroencephalography/functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG/fMRI) has been proposed recently as a tool to study electrophysiological activity and, consequently, detect brain regions activated during epileptiform EEG abnormalities. The purpose of the study was to review our two-year experience with studying ictal and interictal activities in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Using ...
Battaglia Giorgio - - 2006
PURPOSE: Periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH) is among the most common malformations of cortical development, and affected patients are frequently characterized by focal drug-resistant epilepsy. Here we analyzed clinical, MRI, and electrophysiologic findings in 54 PNH patients to reevaluate the classification of PNH, relate the anatomic features to epileptic outcome, and ...
Jenssen Sigmund - - 2006
We investigated the value of non-invasive data for predicting the outcome of intracranial EEG and anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) (follow-up>1 year) in patients who have bitemporal independent seizures in the scalp EEG. No previous report has dealt with this patient group. Independent variables were duration of epilepsy, febrile seizures, interictal ...
Hovland Anders - - 2006
Induced hypothermia has improved neurological outcome after cardiac arrest. Even though anoxic insults to the brain often provoke epileptic activity, it is unclear whether EEG monitoring is necessary in these patients. We report the case of a 53-year-old female who suffered cardiac arrest. During induced hypothermia extensive shivering was managed ...
Slee Mark - - 2005
We describe an unusual form of facial myoclonus activated by speech in 3 patients with different underlying neurological diseases and present the electrophysiological investigations and results of structural and functional imaging. In 1 of 2 patients in whom jerk-locked electroencephalogram (EEG) back-averaging was done, a cortical potential clearly preceded the ...
Messori A - - 2005
The potential neurotoxic effects of gadolinium (Gd)-based compounds for enhanced MRI are not completely understood. We investigated electroencephalography changes induced by ionic and non-ionic Gd-based compounds administered intravenously in patients affected by lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by breakdown of the blood-brain barrier. This double-blind, randomized, study ...
Abásolo Daniel - - 2006
In this study we have investigated the electroencephalogram (EEG) background activity in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) using non-linear analysis methods. We calculated the Lempel-Ziv (LZ) complexity - applying two different sequence conversion methods - and the central tendency measure (CTM) of the EEG in 11 AD patients and 11 ...
Piccinelli Paolo - - 2005
The level of agreement in the interpretation of EEG records by different experienced readers working in three child neurology tertiary centers has been evaluated. EEG recordings randomly chosen from patients with idiopathic epilepsy were included. Optimal or suboptimal agreement was found for presence of ictal and interictal discharges. Contrary to ...
Krauss G L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: EEG wicket rhythms are 6- to 11-Hz medium-to-high voltage bursts that are sometimes misidentified as epileptogenic activity. The authors determined the clinical and EEG features of patients with wicket rhythms who had been incorrectly diagnosed with epilepsy. METHODS: Electroencephalographers at an epilepsy center re-read EEGs for patients referred for ...
de Jongh Arent - - 2005
Controversy remains regarding the preferred modality, magnetoencephalography (MEG) or EEG, for the presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy. In general, it appears that the spike yields for MEG and EEG are similar in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, and that for neocortical epilepsy the MEG spike yields may be larger ...
Claassen Jan - - 2005
Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are at risk for seizures and delayed cerebral ischemia, both of which can be detected with continuous EEG monitoring (cEEG). Ischemia can be detected with EEG at a reversible stage. CEEG may be most useful in patients with poor grade SAH, as the neurological exam ...
Mekan Sabeen F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical presentation, radiological and cerebrospinal fluid findings and outcome of patients with Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). METHODS: The charts of all the patients (n = 88), who were admitted to The Aga Khan University, Karachi with diagnosis of HSE, from 1990-2002, were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty eight patients ...
Yalnizoğlu Dilek - - 2005
Neurophysiologic abnormalities are frequently seen in organic acidemias, but knowledge of the specific changes in the different types of organic acidemias is lacking. We studied electroencephalogram (EEG), visual evoked potential (VEP) and brain-stem auditory evoked response (BAER) in seven children with glutaric aciduria type I (GA1) to assess the neurophysiologic ...
Lampropoulos Christos E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and clinical associations of abnormalities on electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and/or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who have neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The study group comprised 57 patients (age </=50 years) with manifestations of neuropsychiatric illness. Patients with stroke, epilepsy, or other encephalopathies ...
Laan Laura A E M - - 2005
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a genetic disorder characterised by severe mental retardation, subtle dysmorphic facial features, a characteristic behavioural phenotype, epileptic seizures and EEG abnormalities. AS can be caused by various genetic mechanisms involving the chromosome 15q11-13 region. Neurophysiological studies report a variety of EEG abnormalities seen in AS patients. ...
Chen Po-Lin - - 2005
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a well-established disease that occurs most commonly in patients with euthyroidism. We report 3 patients diagnosed with HE. Cases 1 and 2 were young females who had experienced intractable seizures and presented with cognitive impairment. Reversible slow waves on the electroencephalogram (EEG), and nearly complete recovery ...
Gert Pfurtscheller
The present study reports on the use of an EEG-based asynchronous (uncued, user-driven) brain-computer interface (BCI) for the control of functional electrical stimulation (FES). By the application of FES, noninvasive restoration of hand grasp function in a tetraplegic patient was achieved. The patient was able to induce bursts of beta ...
Sinanović Osman - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies showed EEG changes in patients with Parkinson's disease, in comparison with healthy subjects of same age. The most often presented change is generalised (or localised) slowing of frequency. AIM: To show the correlation of EEG frequency and Mini Mental Status (MMS) in patients with Parkinson's disease. PATIENTS ...
Zhao Longlian - - 2005
About 25% epilepsy patients are suffering from medically intractable epileptic seizure. Many studies have shown that electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback therapy has the exciting potential for seizure control. In this paper, five patients with intractable epilepsy were trained to increase the production of sensorimotor (12~15Hz) activity and decrease the production of ...
Lee J-H - - 2005
Severe metabolic abnormalities occurring within 100 days after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) were investigated in 311 patients. The metabolic abnormalities included hyper- and hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, hyper- and hypokalemia, hyper- and hyponatremia, hyper- and hypomagnesemia, hypercholesterolemia, hyper- and hypoglycemia, and hyperuricemia. Severe abnormalities, defined as grades III-V by NCI CTCAE ...
Matsuoka Hiroo - - 2005
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of cognitive-motor function on EEG discharges and the neuropsychological mechanisms of seizure induction in patients sensitive to cognitive-motor tasks. METHODS: Four hundred eighty patients with epilepsies were subjected to cognitive tasking, termed "neuropsychological EEG activation (NPA)." It consisted of reading, speaking, writing, written calculation, mental ...
Ito Yasushi - - 2005
We report the first two Japanese children diagnosed with glucose transporter type 1 (GLUT1) deficiency syndrome. Both boys had been treated under the initial diagnosis of epilepsy and were reinvestigated for previously unexplainable hypoglycorrhachia. Myoclonic seizures developed at 4 months of age in Patient #1 (7 years old), and at ...
Claassen Jan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) due to vasospasm is often undetected by clinical exam in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The purpose of this study was to identify quantitative EEG (qEEG) parameters that are most sensitive and specific for the detection of DCI in stuporous or comatose SAH patients. ...
Stam C J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease is associated with abnormal spontaneous fluctuations of EEG synchronization levels during an eyes-closed resting state. METHODS: EEGs were recorded during an eyes-closed resting state in Alzheimer patients (N=24; 9 males; mean age 76.3 years; SD 7.8; range 59-86) and ...
Mecarelli O - - 2004
We performed an observational EEG study in 43 patients with neurally-mediated syncope in basal condition and during hyperventilation (HV), and compared it with 32 healthy controls. On blind analysis at rest, EEG was classified as normal in 47% of patients (vs. 94% of controls, P < 0.001). More abundant and ...
Hughes John R JR Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, University of Illinois Medical Center in Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2004
Our previous study showed that patients with many spikes in their EEGs generally have uncontrolled seizures and those with no or rare spikes have controlled attacks. However, exceptions do exist, and this study was designed to determine what other aspects in the EEG could lead to the proper prognosis with ...
Clemens Béla - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between quantitative EEG (QEEG) scores and "complicating factors" (psychopathology, true pharmacoresistance, neurological symptoms) in idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE). METHODS: 35 newly referred, newly diagnosed, unmedicated IGE patients were collected in a prospective and random manner. Standard neuro-psychiatric and EEG examination was done. The patients were ...
Shiga Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) for the early diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients (age 56 to 82 years) were enrolled, and 26 were examined by DWI. Nine were definite based on the World Health Organization criteria, and 27 were probable. The percentages ...
Onoe Sachiko - - 2004
Fever is sometimes associated with chill, myoclonus, delirium and convulsion. We previously reported EEG findings of febrile delirium, when we found that 18% of patients showed febrile myoclonus simultaneously with febrile delirium. The purpose of this study is to clarify the clinical features of febrile myoclonus and to investigate the ...
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