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Results 701 - 750 of 912
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Lifshitz A - - 1987
In order to determine if adult patients have reversible EEG abnormalities concurrent with fever, EEGs were recorded during fever in patients without neurologic disease or systemic disease capable of involving the central nervous system, and these were compared blindly with EEGs from the same patients taken at least 30 days ...
Nowack W J - - 1987
Abnormal ectopic rhythms, such as alpha-theta activities and spindles, occur in comatose patients. A case is presented in which the EEG of a comatose patient showed coexisting alpha-theta pattern activities and spindles. It is concluded that the coexistence of these rhythmic patterns in the EEG of a comatose patient implies ...
Garvey M J - - 1987
Myoclonus associated with cyclic antidepressant therapy has been considered to be a rare phenomenon. Ninety-eight patients who were to begin receiving cyclic antidepressant therapy were prospectively evaluated for myoclonus. Thirty patients experienced clinically insignificant drug-associated myoclonus. Nine patients had clinically significant myoclonus. The myoclonus was reversible with the discontinuation of ...
Manni R - - 1987
A clinical, EEG and CT study was carried out on 21 patients with chronic stable respiratory failure. The neurological disturbances and mental deterioration observed were of a mild degree, and no severe alterations were detected at EEG. CT showed cerebral atrophy, but the type and prevalence did not differ substantially ...
Percy A K - - 1987
Eighteen female patients are described with the clinical features of Rett syndrome. Fifteen patients fulfill the criteria established by Hagberg et al hereas three represent clinical variants. Detailed biochemical and neurodiagnostic assessment was conducted in all patients. Reduction in cerebrospinal biogenic amine metabolites and characteristic alterations in respiratory, sleep, and ...
Matousek M - - 1987
The sedative or excitatory effects of drugs are difficult to evaluate in patients with depression, where sleep disturbances and tiredness in the daytime belong to the clinical manifestations of the psychiatric disorder. A refined method of vigilance measurement, based on the EEG spectra, together with proper statistical analysis of the ...
Fois A - - 1987
Petit mal is a condition characterized by absences accompanied on EEG by discharges of 3/sec spike and waves lasting more than 3-4 seconds. In 145 patients with pure petit mal (PPM) these were the only findings. They were associated with other types of seizures (APM) in 52 subjects and with ...
Kanno T - - 1987
Dorsal column stimulation has been used in four patients who were in a persistent vegetative state. There was improvement of the EEG in four patients and clinical improvement in three patients. Stimulation was for 12 hours per day at 100 Hz, 5 to 8 volts, and with a pulse width ...
Waterreus R J - - 1987
The clinical features and additional investigations of 20 Dutch patients suffering from cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX), an inborn error of metabolism in bile acid synthesis, are described. The onset was in the second or third decade. The clinical picture at the time of examination consisted of a combination of two or ...
Jacome D E - - 1987
Sixty-eight patients with symptomatic cervical whiplash injuries, who did not receive head trauma, had standard electroencephalograms performed with a time span of 1 day to 2 years after the occurrence of the accident. Minimal EEG abnormalities were found in a small number of patients. Plain x-rays, computerized tomography or radionuclide ...
Brenner R P - - 1986
Computerized spectral analysis of the EEG was performed in 35 patients with Alzheimer's disease and compared to patients with major depression (23) and healthy elderly controls (61). Compared to controls, demented patients had a significant increase in the theta and alpha 1 bandwidths as well as an increased theta-beta difference. ...
Brown P - - 1986
In this consecutive series of 230 patients with neuropathologically verified Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the disease was found to affect men and women with approximately equal frequency in a peak plateau between the ages of 55 and 75 years (mean, 61.5 years). Familial cases accounted for 4 to 8% of the ...
Mukherjee A B - - 1986
We studied a thiamine-dependent enzyme, transketolase, from fibroblasts of a diabetic patient who developed Wernicke's encephalopathy when treated with tolazamide, in order to delineate if this patient also had transketolase abnormality [high Km for thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)], as previously reported in postalcoholic Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. In addition to this patient, we ...
Fowler C J - - 1986
To assess the value of EEG in distinguishing between cortical and subcortical dementia, we compared the EEGs of 22 patients with SRO syndrome with those of 22 patients who had a comparable degree of dementia due to cortical atrophy. EEG records from patients with SRO syndrome were of low voltage, ...
Janati A - - 1986
In this paper, we reported unique EEG patterns in two patients with anoxic encephalopathy. In the patient with a longer survival, the early EEG showed: suppression-burst pattern and theta pattern coma during quiet states; and quasi-periodic, generalized, epileptiform discharges associated with alpha-theta pattern coma during periods of arousal. A second ...
Cook B L - - 1986
Forty-six patients with bipolar illness were evaluated with scalp-recorded electroencephalograms. Familial pattern of psychopathology was evaluated between groups with clinically normal and abnormal EEG tracings. Those with abnormal EEGs were noted to have a significantly negative family history of affective disorder when compared to the EEG normal group. These results ...
Gastaut H - - 1986
The long-term course of primary generalized epilepsy with absences persisting after the age of 30 to 61 years was studied in 26 patients, each followed clinically and by EEG for 20 to 37 years. Whether treated or not, absences became less frequent, but only rarely ceased, and 92% of patients ...
Verma N P - - 1986
Electroencephalograms were obtained in 30 unmedicated, neurologically and intellectually intact Tourette syndrome (TS) patients, none having a history of clinically apparent seizure disorder. Six (20%) of initial 30 EEGs were judged to be abnormal, 2 (6.6%) on account of slowing of intrinsic rhythms and/or excess of slow frequencies and 4 ...
Perrild H - - 1986
Electroencephalography (EEG) and neuropsychological tests empirically shown to be sensitive to diffuse cerebral damage were performed in 26 patients 10 years after successful treatment of hyperthyroidism and in a control group with non-toxic goitre. In the hyperthyroid state 81% had abnormal EEG before treatment, and 10 years after treatment 68% ...
Lilleås F - - 1986
Lumbar myelography with iohexol (Omnipaque) was performed in 103 consecutive adult patients with low back pain or sciatica. The patients were observed for 48 h with registration of possible adverse reactions. Mild or moderate transient side effects were recorded in 24 patients. No serious adverse reactions were noted, and EEG ...
Koskiniemi M L - - 1986
It has been found that PME without Lafora bodies is more common in Finland than elsewhere. The incidence is 1:20,000. The mode of inheritance is autosomal recessive. At first the children are healthy. Stimulus-sensitive myoclonic jerks and grand mal seizures appear at the age of 6 to 15 years. The ...
Valk J - - 1986
A parallel, double blind, randomized study, comparing iohexol 240 mg I/ml and metrizamide 240 mg I/ml in lumbar myelography was carried out. Fifty patients were admitted to the study, and 1 patient was excluded after entry. Of the 49 patients included, 28 were males and 21 females, aged between 18 ...
Levy S R - - 1986
The clinical and EEG findings in patients in the literature with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) were reviewed and compared with findings in 36 patients with CJD at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Twenty-one of the 36 MGH cases had histopathology, all with findings consistent with CJD. EEGs in 18 patients studied ...
Peeters F - - 1986
Myelography was performed in 30 patients using iohexol (Omnipaque) 240 mg I/ml for lateral C1C2 injections, or iohexol 300 mg I/ml for lumbar injections. The dose varied from 3 to 10 ml. The patients were observed for 48 h for possible adverse reactions. A complete neurological examination was repeated 24h ...
Verhagen W I - - 1986
The results of clinical and electrophysiological investigations in a patient with a locked-in syndrome due to a pontine infarction, mainly on the right side, are presented. EEG showed only slight disturbances, while BAER and SSER revealed response alterations as could be expected from physical examination. BAER revealed altered central conduction ...
Rosenberg B - - 1985
Agrammatic, Broca's aphasic patients, Wernicke's aphasic patients, and neurologically intact control subjects were asked to detect target letters in prose passages and in a scrambled word passage. The targets were embedded, in some instances, in content words (open-class vocabulary items), and in other instances, in function words (closed-class vocabulary items). ...
Pierelli F - - 1985
Twenty patients affected by chronic hepatic insufficiency were studied by means of combined EEG, VEP and BAEP recordings. Subjects were classified, according to Parsons-Smith criteria, in grade 0 (without any clinical sign) and grade I (with minimal mental disturbances). In group 0 patients an elevated incidence of VEP alterations (40%) ...
Latchaw R E - - 1985
Cervical myelography with iohexol via C1-C2 puncture was performed in 30 patients in two medical centers using a concentration of 240 mg l/ml. The study demonstrated iohexol to be a safe contrast medium without significant changes in neurologic and physical examination, vital signs, electrocardiogram, or hematologic or blood chemistry parameters. ...
Jonkman E J - - 1985
The 'neurometric' method, as developed by John, was used for the study of patients with one-sided supratentorial ischaemia. The results of a reference group of 64 normal volunteers were compared with those of a group of 94 patients. This patient group included 54 patients with permanent neurological deficit (completed stroke ...
Blume W T - - 1985
Reverting to the more strict definition of secondary bilateral synchrony (SBS) of Tukel and Jasper (1952), we reexamined clinical and EEG correlates of this phenomenon. SBS occurred in 57 of 10,410 consecutive patients (0.5%) recorded in our laboratory. SBS originated in the frontal lobe in 51% of patients, significantly more ...
Michel H - - 1985
Acute hepatic encephalopathy in 70 cirrhotic patients was monitored during parenteral administration of amino acids between January 1979 and January 1984. The diagnosis of cirrhosis was confirmed by needle biopsy, and HE by conventional clinical and EEG parameters. The infusion of AA solutions was initiated 48 h after admission and ...
Macpherson P - - 1985
A randomised double blind trial of iohexol and iopamidol in cervical myelography by both lumbar puncture and direct puncture techniques is reported in one hundred consecutive patients. All patients had EEG examination before and 6-8 h after the myelogram and for each a questionnaire regarding adverse reactions was completed at ...
Taïeb A - - 1985
Idiopathic hair casts are described in two girls aged 5 and 7 years. A 0.025% tretinoin lotion seemed effective in removing the casts. Investigations, including light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, suggest an infrainfundibular origin for these lesions, because both inner and outer root sheath components were observed in the ...
John K - - 1985
Ninety-eight consecutive patients with clinically suspected congenital heart disease were prospectively studied with electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings before cardiac catheterization. Twenty-five patients had abnormal EEGs. Fifty-five patients had acyanotic heart disease and normal neurologic examination results, of whom 15 had abnormal EEGs. Thirteen had spikes or spike and wave discharges and ...
Drake M E ME - - 1985
Twenty patients with suspected pseudoseizures underwent saline infusion during prolonged sleep deprived EEG with video monitoring and nasopharyngeal electrodes. No patients had definite clinical evidence of epilepsy, but 35% had abnormal EEGs, 10% with epileptiform activity. Patients with epileptiform discharges did not experience pseudoseizures with saline infusion. Patients with generalized ...
Green R M - - 1985
A 5-year experience with 562 carotid endarterectomies, using electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring and selective shunting, was reviewed. EEG changes occurred in 102 patients (18%). The frequency of EEG changes, as related to cerebral vascular symptoms, was as follows: transient ischemic attacks, seven per cent (19/259); completed strokes, 37% (36/98); vertebral basilar ...
Rogozea R - - 1985
A polygraphic study on resistance to habituation of the somatic (EMG), autonomic (finger vasoconstriction, galvanic skin reaction, respiration, pulse) and EEG (acoustic-evoked potential, EEG-blocking reaction) components of the orienting reaction elicited by a repetitive auditory stimulus was performed in 36 patients with night terrors and in 72 matched subjects in ...
Gelety T J - - 1985
Eight seizure patients without encephalopathy, frequent seizures, brain lesion, or medication intoxication had significant slowing of alpha-frequency activity, as compared to nonepileptic controls, that was evident in compressed spectral analysis but not in standard EEG. Those patients with cognitive or behavioral problems or taking more than one antiepileptic medication had ...
Foucar E - - 1985
A detailed histopathologic study was performed on 128 nevi removed from 86 pregnant white patients. None of the patients had clinical evidence of the dysplastic nevus syndrome, and none of the excised nevi were clinically suspicious for melanoma. One third of patients reported some change in nevi during pregnancy. Nevi ...
Hughes J R - - 1985
I studied changes during a 15- to 40-year period in EEG paroxysms and clinical seizures on 1,645 EEG tracings. The most common paroxysm before other patterns was the frontal focus and after other patterns was the temporal focus. Most patterns changed in six to eight years and these EEG changes ...
Visser S L - - 1985
Forty-two patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type were compared with normal subjects (51) and with elderly patients with nonorganic psychiatric disorders (40). All were examined by EEG (routine visual inspection and power spectrum density analysis) and VEP (pattern reversal) testing. In dementia the late components (N130, P165, N220) ...
Nadelson T - - 1985
This paper presents a synthesis of varying frameworks and value systems in which all patients are viewed by clinicians. A gradient of behaviors is arrayed which places disease simulation (Munchausen syndrome, malingering) at one end of a spectrum, with the other end anchored by 'real' disease. Between these two polarized ...
Iida N - - 1985
A total of 202 nonepileptic patients (120 males and 82 females) who exhibited spike abnormalities at least twice in their EEG examinations were studied. The incidence of spike abnormalities among nonepileptic patients was 8.1% (847/10,473). The majority (90%) were under age 19. Headache, dizziness and vomiting, and abdominal pain were ...
Koshino Y - - 1985
A prospective study of EEG changes following metrizamide myelography was made on 34 patients aged 17-79 years. EEGs were recorded just before and 22-26 hours after myelography. Usually 8-10 ml of metrizamide was injected by either lumbar or lateral cervical puncture. The concentration of metrizamide was relatively high. EEGs were ...
Tiltman A J - - 1985
Previous studies have shown increased mitotic activity in uterine fibromyomas in patients using exogenous hormones. This study has compared the mitotic activity of fibromyomas in three groups of patients. The first group was using a progestin-only preparation (usually depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate). The second group of age-matched controls had never used any ...
Serafetinides E A - - 1984
A number of EEG studies, including our own, have demonstrated higher levels of activity in both the low (delta and theta) and high frequency (beta 2) bands in the left (dominant) frontotemporal areas of schizophrenic patients compared to controls. Furthermore, our recent studies of power spectral density (PSD) analysis showed ...
Suter C C - - 1984
Although several studies have shown that interferon does not readily cross the blood-brain barrier, recent reports have described central nervous system effects in patients receiving interferon. At our institution, we encountered three patients who had symptoms of toxicity of the central nervous system (somnolence, confusion, and gait difficulties) in association ...
Nagata K - - 1984
Twenty-five patients with TIAs in the carotid artery distribution were studied by means of computed mapping of EEG (CME) and conventional EEG. In addition, CT scan and cerebral angiography, and in 10 patients rCBF measurements were performed. The CME provided topographic maps of the average power spectra for each of ...
Preskorn S H - - 1984
In a double-blind study of 34 randomly assigned depressed inpatients, antidepressant-induced electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities were compared in amitriptyline-treated versus bupropion-treated patients. Drug-free baseline EEGs plus one or more repeat EEGs under pharmacokinetic steady state conditions were obtained. Of the 34 patients, eight developed EEG abnormalities. Seven were on amitriptyline and ...
Pampiglione G - - 1984
Neurophysiological studies (EEG, ERG, VEP and BAEP) have been carried out on a total of fifty-four patients (fourty-five GM2 and nine GM1 gangliosidosis) at various stages of the disease process. In infantile GM2 gangliosidosis, the EEG was midly abnormal from an early age but by the age of one year ...
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