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Results 501 - 550 of 914
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Stam C J - - 1995
Many recent studies based on the surrogate data method failed to identify significant non-linearity in the EEG. In this study we examine whether the use of a different embedding method (spatial instead of time delay), and calculation of Kolmogorov entropy (K2) and the largest Lyapunov exponent (L1) in addition to ...
Giannakodimos S - - 1995
We aimed to validate the technique of breath counting during overbreathing in revealing ictal impairment of cognition during brief generalized 3 Hz spike and slow wave discharges. A retrospective study of 66 patients with video-electroencephalographic documentation of typical absence seizures revealed 8 patients in whom there was no clinical suspicion ...
Haga Y - - 1995
Ictal electroencephalographic/video recordings of 42 patients with West syndrome (WS) were reviewed to define the relation between ictal, clinical, and EEG features and etiology or prognosis. The duration and type of spasms, the number of spasms per cluster, and the interval between spasms did not correlate with the etiology or ...
Geven W B - - 1995
In 34 survivors of the first 43 ECMO patients from our institution before discharge to another hospital or home an EEG, BAER, Head Ultrasonography, cerebral CT scan, Dubowitz score and ophthalmological inspection were performed. At one year of age Mental Developmental Index of the Bayley scales, Motor Quotient as well ...
Aguglia U - - 1995
A 80-year-old man with cobalamin deficiency and no history of epilepsy developed a partial complex epileptic confusional status (ECS) unresponsive to acute i.v. diazepam. Brain CT scan and MRI investigation ruled out a focal cerebral lesion. Therapy with high doses (10,000 micrograms i.m. daily) of cobalamin alone was started, and ...
van Rijckevorsel K K Centre Neurologique William Lennox, Allée de Clerlande, Ottignies-LLN, - - 1995
Two patients with recurrent paroxysmal cardio-vascular symptoms are described. The first, an adult, suffered from syncopal events which did not respond to carbamazepine treatment and had a normal interictal EEG and ECG. The second, a child, presented with attacks of cyanosis, apnoea, and non-responsiveness in clusters, with normal interictal examinations. ...
Véra P - - 1995
Single photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging holds promise for localization of the site of extratemporal seizures, but limited data currently exist; in particular, correlations with stereo-electroencephalography (S-EEG) have not been made. Ten patients aged 14-44 years (mean 25 years) with a proven frontal or central epilepsy by S-EEG and post-surgical ...
Kearse L A LA - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to establish (1) whether patients with neurological symptoms scheduled for carotid endarterectomy had an increased incidence of electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities during awake baseline recordings, (2) whether these symptoms and EEG abnormalities predicted ischemic EEG pattern changes at carotid artery cross-clamp, ...
Adams D C - - 1995
The electroencephalogram (EEG) has been used to detect episodes of cerebral ischemia during various surgical procedures. Recently, computerized systems for recording and interpreting the quantitative EEG (QEEG) have been used by anesthesiologists because of their ease of application, clarity of display, and reported ability to identify ischemic EEG changes. However, ...
Silva D F - - 1995
We describe an atypical clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern observed during the course of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis in a 14 year-old boy. In this patient with a two weeks history of partial complex seizures, the atypical EEG pattern was characterized by an initial left temporal focus which evolved to periodic ...
Raymond A A - - 1995
Cortical dysgenesis (CD) is becoming increasingly recognised as a cause of epilepsy in otherwise cryptogenic cases. We describe the serial EEG findings in 22 patients with focal/localised CD. The EEGs covered a minimum period of 5 years in each case (median = 13 years, range: 5-30 years), beginning in childhood. ...
Henchey R - - 1995
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a steroid-responsive relapsing disorder that frequently presents with seizures and diffuse EEG abnormalities. We report the EEG findings in seven patients with encephalopathy, seizures, or both, associated with elevated antithyroid antibodies. There were several combinations of findings within the same patient and between patients. The EEGs ...
Normand M M - - 1995
Temporal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (TIRDA) has been reported to be highly specific for diagnosing complex partial epilepsy. Of 12,198 electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings performed at the Mayo Clinic between May 1, 1990 and May 1, 1991, 33 records from 27 patients (18 women and nine men; mean age, 41.5 years; ...
Thomas S V - - 1995
The pathogenesis of seizures and encephalopathy in eclampsia remains obscure even today. There are only a few reports on EEG findings in eclampsia. This is a report of the interictal EEG changes in 8 patients with eclampsia who were evaluated prospectively. The major EEG changes observed were (1) slowing of ...
Leyten Q H - - 1995
Central nervous system (CNS) characteristics were examined in seventeen patients with autosomal recessive classic or "pure" congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD). In three patients, neuroradiological examination (CT/MRI) indicated hypodense white matter areas. Two out of these three patients had epilepsy (seizures and epileptic discharges on their EEG). Only two of the ...
Thumasupapong S - - 1995
Electroencephalography (EEG) was performed in 13 male patients with cerebral malaria during the first 24 hours of admission, using a 10-channel, 10-20 system EEG machine (6 montages, 20 minute duration). The EEG patterns were of theta and delta waves from both sides of cerebral hemisphere suggesting diffused cortical dysfunction. No ...
Bronster D J - - 1995
Alteration of speech is a rare but distressing complication of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We describe a characteristic speech disorder identified in a large series of consecutive patients undergoing OLT. Between 1988 and 1993, 525 adults underwent OLT. For all recipients with neurologic complications, we reviewed clinical findings, imaging and ...
Fiirgaard B - - 1995
Following iotrolan cervical myelography 14 consecutive patients were evaluated with respect to intracranial contrast distribution and elimination, side effects, EEG-changes and psychometric assessments. The contrast medium is distributed in the subarachnoid space, in the ventricles and finally extracellularly in the cortex. Headache was the most prevalent side effect, occurring in ...
Harmony T - - 1995
In a previous study (Harmony et al. 1993) we observed that the volume of lesions was correlated only with delta power, while the volume and density of edema showed a significant correlation with theta and alpha power, suggesting two independent origins of activity in the delta and theta bands in ...
Zhavoronkova L A - - 1995
EEG power mapping, coherence analysis, source localization of epileptiform activity and psychoneurological investigations were performed in 100 patients (males, 25-45 years old, right-handed), who took part in the cleaning of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986-1987, and compared with a control group (healthy persons of the same age). Neuropsychological studies showed ...
Ramachandran S - - 1995
Electroencephalograms (EEGs) were obtained for 26 patients with snake bite to observe the cerebral impact of snake venom. All snakes were identified; 19 (73%) were Russell's vipers, one (4%) was a common cobra, five (19%) were hump-nosed vipers, and one (4%) was a dog-faced fresh water snake. The EEG was ...
Malaspina D - - 1994
Standard pretreatment clinical electroencephalograms (EEGs) were abnormal in 18.6% of 140 consecutive patients with Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) endogenous major depression. The patients were randomized to unilateral or bilateral and low- and high-dosage electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) conditions. Clinical features, short-term treatment response, and the rate and timing of relapse were ...
Harding G F - - 1994
Nine patients who had epileptic attacks while playing computer games were studied in the laboratory. Patients had an EEG recorded as well as their response to intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) at flash rates of 1-60 fps. In addition, pattern sensitivity was assessed in all patients by a gratings pattern. Only ...
Denays R - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether topographic analysis of EEG mapping and technetium-99m (99mTc) hexamethylpropylenamine oxide (HMPAO) brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can detect cerebral anomalies in the acute phase of carbon monoxide poisoning. DESIGN: Twelve patients aged 18 to 55 years with severe carbon monoxide poisoning and no history ...
Spencer E M - - 1994
Twenty-three patients undergoing intensive therapy had continuous EEG recording in an attempt to assess depth of sedation using spectral analysis. Median power frequency (MPF) and spectral edge frequency (SEF) were calculated and correlated with the clinical sedation score and blood concentration of sedative drug. Fifteen patients received isoflurane and eight ...
Gur A Y - - 1994
INTRODUCTION: Predictive factors for occurrence of vascular dementia may help identify patients at increased risk of developing this condition. Our purpose was to evaluate the prognostic value of early EEG findings in patients after first ischemic cerebral stroke on the development of dementia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed routine EEG ...
Carmant L - - 1994
With recent descriptions of the modified hemispherectomies and hemicorticectomy, there has been renewed interest in hemispherectomy for treatment of intractable seizures with hemiparesis. Because long-term outcome remains uncertain, patient selection remains difficult. 99mTc-HmPAO brain SPECT has been a helpful adjunct in the evaluation of epilepsy surgery candidates. We report SPECT ...
Donat J F - - 1994
Long-term electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring, initially popular in the form of 24-hour video-EEG telemetries developed for the evaluation of patients who were candidates for epilepsy surgery, is now possible in diverse configurations. Studies can be designed to evaluate a variety of diagnostic problems and can be individualized to address specific clinical ...
Newton T F - - 1994
We studied a quantitative electroencephalographic (EEG) measure, coherence, in 28 patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 56 uninfected volunteers. Compared with uninfected subjects, AIDS patients had increased coherence in the 6- to 10-Hz band. The largest increases in coherence were between frontal and occipital regions and between temporal ...
Aguglia U - - 1994
We prospectively compared the activating effect of chlorpromazine (CHLP, 50 mg, i.m.) versus sleep deprivation (SD) in 41 patients with a clinical diagnosis of partial epilepsy. Patients were selected on the basis of both seizure onset in adulthood and normal interictal awake EEG recordings. Twenty out of 41 patients (group ...
Malow B A - - 1994
Clozapine is a novel antipsychotic agent effective in treating refractory schizophrenia. Clozapine produces fewer extrapyramidal effects than other neuroleptics, although agranulocytosis and seizures are significant adverse effects. To characterize the spectrum of clozapine-related electroencephalographic abnormalities, we identified 10 patients who had electroencephalograms (EEGs) performed before and during clozapine treatment. These ...
do Prado G F - - 1994
We studied the EEG and Rorschach test (RT) of nineteen AIDS patients and eight normal people in the same age group. Eight patients presented slow alpha rhythms (8 to 9 Hz); three, not-slow alpha rhythms (> 9 to 13 Hz); and eight, beta rhythms in background activity. Paroxystic activity, characterized ...
Morris G L GL - - 1994
The objective of this study was to examine the results of 16-channel computer-assisted outpatient long-term EEG monitoring (CO-LTM) and to compare those results to previously published reports using 4- and 8-channel ambulatory cassette-based continuous recordings. Patients were referred to a community-based outpatient EEG service for further diagnostic evaluation using this ...
Hulihan J F JF - - 1994
We analyzed EEGs performed over a 6-month period on patients with impaired consciousness following acute hypoxia or anoxia. There were 17 EEGs performed on 14 patients. Nine of the 17 records contained spindle activity. Spindles were present in 6/8 EEGs in stuporous patients, in 3/9 EEGs in comatose patients, in ...
Besthorn C - - 1994
A novel approach is introduced to examine EEG coherence in different frequency bands of 17 locations from the 10-20 system. Fifty patients with clinically diagnosed Alzheimer's disease were compared with 42 age-approximated non-demented controls. We determined the average coherence between individual electrodes and all neighbouring electrodes. Coherence was decreased in ...
Robinson D J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness or otherwise of the awake electroencephalogram (EEG) in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Prospective collection of one or more awake EEGs in patients diagnosed as having AD or mixed AD and multi-infarct dementia according to current systematic criteria with analysis of those cases ...
Aliberti V - - 1994
A detailed study of EEGs of patients with an unequivocal diagnosis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) showed a high prevalence of focal EEG abnormalities. Focal slow waves, spikes, and sharp waves and focal onset of the generalized discharge were present in 36.7% of EEGs in our patients with JME. In ...
Salinsky M C - - 1994
Antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy with either phenytoin or carbamazepine has been associated with generalized slowing of EEG background rhythms. These effects have been seen in groups of patients undergoing AED manipulation, although the background slowing has been highly variable from patient to patient. Background slowing may represent an objective physiologic ...
Maeshima S - - 1994
Computed topographic electroencephalography (EEG) was performed on patients with right hemispheric injury due to cerebral infarction to investigate the relationship of wave form pattern with neurologic and neuropsychologic data and activities of daily living (ADL). Neurologic signs, unilateral spatial neglect, motor impersistence, and constructional apraxia were found to have no ...
Stam K J - - 1994
The irregular, aperiodic character of the EEG is usually explained by a stochastic model. In this view the EEG is linearly filtered noise. According to chaos theory such irregular signals can also result from low dimensional deterministic chaos. In this case the underlying dynamics is nonlinear, and has only few ...
Boon P - - 1994
Twenty patients (13 males, 7 females), who presented with refractory partial epilepsy and a CT and/or MR detected intracranial intra-axial structural lesion were admitted to the University of Gent Epilepsy Monitoring Unit. Mean duration of the epilepsy was 17 years (2-47 years). All patients were enrolled in a comprehensive presurgical ...
MacIntosh H - - 1994
In response to a survey, 285 psychoanalysts reported having analyzed 1215 homosexual patients, resulting in 23 percent changing to heterosexuality and 84 percent receiving significant therapeutic benefit. Various statistics and individual comments are reported. Virtually all of the respondents rejected the idea that a homosexual patient in analysis "can and ...
Shian W J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is 2 to 4 per million of the population per year, of whom one-third are neonates or older children and two-thirds, adults. As effective antiviral therapy improves the high mortality and morbidity for younger patients with HSE, early diagnosis has become ...
Lycklama à Nijeholt J - - 1994
Tightly curled 'frizzy' hair is a pathognomonic sign of giant axonal degeneration (GAD). The present study compares the morphological structure of the scalp hair of a GAD patient with that of her parents and first-degree relatives with the aid of scanning electron microscopy. The comparison included plaited hair of two ...
Nagase Y - - 1994
Interhemispheric coherence and relative power were compared in a patient with total agenesis of the corpus callosum and age and sex matched controls. The patient showed lower interhemispheric coherence than normal controls in F3-F4, C3-C4, and in P3-P4 especially in the higher theta, lower alpha, and beta bands. Differences in ...
Wada Y - - 1994
In the present study, quantitative EEG analysis was performed at rest and during 10 Hz photic stimulation in 14 drug-naive patients with first-episode paranoid schizophrenia and 20 sex- and age-matched control subjects. Compared with the normal controls, the patients had significantly lower alpha-2 band amplitude in the resting EEG over ...
Simonian N A - - 1993
An encephalopathy characterized by confusion, stupor, and mutism frequently occurs during administration of the chemotherapeutic drug ifosfamide (IFX). We investigated two patients who developed encephalopathy during IFX infusion. Both exhibited a rapid and near-complete restoration of baseline mental status functioning concurrent with EEG improvement after administration of intravenous diazepam. We ...
el-Tawil T - - 1993
Radiographs of 42 patients with benign osteopetrosis were reviewed. Clinical notes were available for approximately half of these. According to the classification of Bollerslev and Andersen in 1987, 29 patients had type II disease of whom 18 sustained fractures. Thirteen patients had type I disease; only one of these patients ...
Reddy R V - - 1993
Excitatory movements have been observed during induction of anesthesia with etomidate, thiopental, methohexital, and propofol. We studied the frequency of these excitatory effects and correlated movements with electroencephalographic (EEG) findings in 67 unpremedicated patients (mean age 66.1 yr, range 45-82 yr). Excitatory effects, including myoclonus, tremor, and dystonic posturing, occurred ...
White S R - - 1993
We evaluated electroencephalograms (EEGs) in 10 boys with Menkes disease, ranging in age from 9 days to 27 months. Three of 10 tracings were normal (the newborn, his 27-month-old half-brother with the classic phenotype, and a 27-month-old mildly affected patient). Plasma copper levels were low in all patients except the ...
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