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Dan D - - 1997
Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) is a well-recognized cause of unexplained syncope in older patients, and may lead to significant morbidity related to trauma suffered during falls. Dual chamber pacing has been demonstrated to be efficacious in relieving symptoms due to bradycardia, but not the accompanying vasodepressor response. We report three ...
el-Banayosy A - - 1997
Against the background of an increasing number of patients waiting for heart transplantation but a stagnating number of transplant procedures, long-term mechanical circulatory support is gaining major importance. We investigated the outcome of 20 patients (15 men, and 5 women, aged between 15 and 66 years) each supported for more ...
Hammill S C - - 1997
The noninvasive assessment of patients who present with syncope is based on a thorough, complete history and physical examination. The history requires close attention to precipitating events and the description of the spell. Often, patients are poor historians with regard to symptoms leading up to and following the episode of ...
Shorofsky S R - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Despite the common use of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator to treat patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, the mechanism of defibrillation and the optimal waveform for implanted devices are poorly understood. All of the currently available pulse generators deliver exponentially declining pulses that are either automatically or manually truncated to ...
Thomas W O WO - - 1997
Silicone gel-filled breast implants have been employed clinically for decades for aesthetic augmentation or postmastectomy reconstruction. Most patients and surgeons attest to the efficacy and safety of these devices. However, more recently in the medical literature and popular media, silicone gel-filled breast implants have been claimed to incite an array ...
Curtis A B - - 1997
The Antiarrhythmics Versus Implantable Defibrillators (AVID) trial is a prospective, randomized study of treatment for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Patients who are eligible for the main trial but who are not enrolled for any reason are followed in a registry. The objective of the present study was to determine whether there ...
Gomes J A - - 1997
The study consisted of 369 patients (age 62 +/- 13 years) who presented to our institution from April 1984 to April 1994 for malignant ventricular arrhythmias presenting as sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) in 57% of patients, ventricular fibrillation in 25% of patients, and syncope due to VT in 17% of ...
Shotan A - - 1997
We assessed the relation between symptoms and cardiac arrhythmias in 110 consecutive pregnant patients without evidence of heart disease referred for evaluation of palpitations, dizziness, and syncope (study group) and in 52 consecutive patients referred for evaluation of an asymptomatic functional precordial murmur (control group). Both groups had a high ...
Oribe E - - 1997
To determine the usefulness of prolonged head-up tilt in the diagnosis of neurally mediated syncope, 201 patients with history of syncope of unknown cause and 102 age and gender matched control subjects underwent a 40 minute 60 degrees head-up tilt test. Head-up tilt elicited syncope (i.e., was positive) in 74 ...
Goldman M J - - 1997
A 16-yr-old male attempted suicide by ingesting approximately 4000 mg of flecainide. He developed coma, hypotension, and ventricular tachycardia. In addition to supportive care and antidysrhythmics, he received intravenous sodium bicarbonate for the wide complex dysrhythmia. Animal studies and anecdotal human experience have suggested that increasing the extracellular sodium improves ...
Brignole M - - 1997
The recording of spontaneous episodes of bradycardiac neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) has shown that: a prolonged ventricular asystole seems necessary to cause syncope; asystole is preceded by other bradyarrhythmias in the vast majority of cases; some warning symptoms precede the loss of consciousness in most cases; conventional dual-chamber pacing is efficacious ...
Brembilla-Perrot B - - 1997
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be associated with both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, which may play a role in the genesis of syncope. The aim of this study was to assess the findings of electrophysiological study and programmed atrial and ventricular stimulation and their possible role in syncope. Programmed atrial and ventricular ...
Hennessy T G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: With expanding applications and increasingly aggressive stress protocols, concerns about the safety of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) have arisen. The purpose of this study was to analyse prospectively the safety, adverse event profile and complication rate of DSE. METHODS: Prospective data were recorded in a consecutive series of 474 ...
Smith J R - - 1997
Adenosine has been reported to cause polymorphic VT in patients with congenital or acquired prolonged QT intervals and to cause pause dependent VT in a patient with a normal QT interval. There have been no previous reports of adenosine causing nonpause dependent polymorphic VT in patients without structural heart disease. ...
Englund A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Patients with bifascicular block have an increased risk of syncopal attacks, but the underlying mechanism often remains unclear despite an extensive diagnostic workup. The head-up tilt test has been established as an important diagnostic tool in the unmasking of vasovagal syncope in patients with unexplained syncope. Its role in ...
Pitzalis M V - - 1997
To identify a method for characterizing the dynamic behavior of ventricular arrhythmias at different heart rates, 201 consecutive patients with frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) underwent two 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring periods. The percentage of PVCs for each cycle length was calculated and then analyzed by linear regression analysis. On the ...
Link M S - - 1997
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is a clinical entity characterized by fatty infiltration of the right ventricle and left bundle morphology ventricular tachycardia occurring in young patients. The most common cause of death is tachyarrhythmic. Pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies, including implantable cardioverter defibrillators, have been used to treat the arrhythmias. However, ...
Gatzoulis M A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that QRS prolongation (> or = 180 ms) is a risk marker for sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) late after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). We have now examined the dispersion of QT and its components QRS and JT, in an attempt to determine whether ...
Levy R M - - 1997
Careful preoperative screening of candidates for indwelling drug administration systems for the relief of intractable pain can help to exclude patients who will not benefit from this technology and predict efficacy in others. Unfortunately, bias on the part of both the treating physician and the patient can inappropriately skew the ...
Menz V - - 1997
The influence of the clinical presentation on the long-term outcome in 213 consecutive patients with ICDs, ECG storage capability, and nonthoracotomy leads, was analyzed. Sixty-six patients presented with cardiac arrest (CA), 81 patients with hemodynamically stable VT, and 66 patients with syncope (SY). Patient characteristics were: mean age CA 62, ...
Manolis A G - - 1997
VT is usually characterized by stability of the RR intervals after a few cycles from the onset. The aim of this study was to evaluate the VT cycle length (VTCL) variability in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), in whom a third-generation ICD was previously implanted. Eighty-three episodes of VT were ...
Marangoni E - - 1996
The effects of aging on the results of prolonged drug-free tilt testing were studied in 175 consecutive patients with unexplained syncope divided into 3 groups: 59 patients < 40 years old; 57 patients between 40 and 60 years; and 59 patients > 60 years old. Tilt-induced vaso-vagal syncope occurred respectively ...
Lampert R - - 1996
The CPI PRxII is a recently approved, multitiered implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) that delivers high and low energy biphasic shocks, antitachycardia (ATP) and bradycardia pacing, and stores 2.5 minutes of electrograms from the widely spaced shocking electrodes. The PRxII was implanted in 58 patients at Yale-New Haven Hospital between December ...
Zwietering P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the occurrence and distribution of arrhythmias in patients with symptoms possibly caused by arrhythmias, in order to support the diagnostic process in general practice. DESIGN: From 1989-1991 all patients who consulted their general practitioner with symptoms or signs possibly indicating an arrhythmia had a transtelephonic electrocardiogram, which ...
Lee R J - - 1996
The efficacy and safety of sotalol therapy for ventricular arrhythmias was evaluated in 133 patients with drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmias. All patients had baseline electrophysiologic studies before and after oral sotalol therapy. Sixty-six patients were discharged home, treated with sotalol (52 patients without inducible ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation and 14 patients ...
Fitzpatrick A P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To define the value of tilt testing and hte additional yield of drug provocation over prolonged baseline tilt in different patient subgroups. (Many different protocols are in use for head-up tilt testing in heterogeneous groups of patients. Not all patients in reported series have recurrent syncope, and there is ...
Li H - - 1996
Of the 733 patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) from 1982 to 1995 in our center, 20 died suddenly while the ICD was activated. This number included 16 men and four women with a mean age of 60 +/- 8 years and ejection fractions of 24.2% +/- 8.6%. ICDs were implanted ...
Krahn A D - - 1996
Patients with syncope of unknown etiology may suffer from recurrent disability. Syncopal episodes are often too infrequent and unpredictable for detection with conventional ambulatory monitoring techniques. A symptom-rhythm correlation is a frequently unattainable gold standard in many patients. Clinicians must often rely on the results of laboratory testing to make ...
Brugada J - - 1996
The term "idiopathic" ventricular fibrillation is used to describe those episodes of unexpected sudden arrhythmic death due to ventricular fibrillation in patients with no demonstrable structural heart disease. Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation has been reported to account for 5-100% of all sudden arrhythmic deaths. Post mortem analysis have shown that about ...
Atarashi H - - 1996
To elucidate the clinical characteristics of patients with right bundle branch block and ST elevation in the right precordial leads, a prospective follow-up study was made in 63 registered patients, including 17 with a history of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and 14 with a history of syncope. The prevalence of coved ...
Klingenheben T - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: Tilt table testing is widely used in the management of patients with neurocardiogenic syncope. However, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism of this disorder is still under debate. Likewise, therapy of these patients continues to represent a challenge in many cases. Therefore, the present study aimed to gain further insight into ...
Jhamb D K - - 1996
Head-up tilt testing is a reliable diagnostic tool for patients with recurrent unexplained syncope. It has also been used to assess the drug efficacy for the treatment of patients with syncope. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of verapamil compared with metoprolol in a randomized crossover ...
Sandroni P - - 1996
Patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) represent a patient population with orthostatic intolerance; some are prone to syncope, others are not. The underlying neurocardiovascular mechanisms are not completely understood. The current study was undertaken to assess if certain cardiovascular indices are predictive of syncope in POTS. We compared the response ...
Goyal R - - 1996
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) generator replacement due to a depleted battery is a frequently performed procedure. The frequency with which sensing and defibrillation system failures are identified during device replacement procedures has not been previously described. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the frequency of lead system ...
Campbell J H - - 1996
We recorded heart rhythms of 40 older patients (20 medicated for cardiovascular disease and 20 not medicated for cardiovascular disease) during an outpatient oral surgery visit to determine overall arrhythmia incidence and severity, differences in incidence associated with cardiovascular medication status, and the impact of surgical intervention on arrhythmia incidence. ...
Raungratanaamporn O - - 1996
Twenty patients with symptomatic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) underwent radiofrequency (RF) energy catheter ablation. Four patients (20%) had underlying heart disease (1 prolapse mitral valve, 1 dilated cardiomyopathy and 2 myocarditis). Five patients (25%) had left sided VT and right sided VT in the remainder (75%). Radiofrequency catheter ablation was ...
Calkins H - - 1996
The purpose of this study is to report the results and complications associated with transthoracic placement of an implantable defibrillator and their relationship to amiodarone, and to identify clinical predictors of complications. There were 159 men and 41 women. The mean patients age was 61 +/- 11 years, and the ...
Huikuri H V - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Beat-to-beat analysis of RR intervals can reveal patterns of heart-rate dynamics, which are not easily detected by summary measures of heart-rate variability. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that alterations in RR-interval dynamics occur before the spontaneous onset of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Ambulatory ECG ...
Singh H - - 1996
Complications occurring in 2,400 treadmill tests are reported, out of which 2107 (87.8%) were on males and 292 (12.2%) on females. The total number of patients with complications was 29 (1.2%) and the types were: acute MI in 2, ventricular tachycardia (sustained) in 3, nonsustained in 7 with ventricular couplets ...
Fruhwald F M - - 1996
Fifty percent of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy die within 5 years of diagnosis. Syncope is known to be a predictor of poor outcome in patients with advanced heart failure. To assess the risk of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy with a history of syncope during standard medical treatment we compared this ...
Mangru N N - - 1996
Head-up tilt test has been useful in evaluating children with neurocardiac syncope. In this study patients with positive baseline and isoproterenol tests had repeat tilt testing done after normal saline infusion. If the symptoms persisted, the test was then repeated with phenylephrine infusion. Of the 101 patients studied, 58 (57%) ...
Lee K L - - 1996
Verapamil-sensitive ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a well-recognized clinical entity that some authorities believe may result from triggered activity. Despite its uniform response to verapamil, however, there is evidence that this uncommon form of VT may not be as homogeneous as first believed. Standard intracardiac electrophysiologic techniques were used to study ...
Steinbeck G - - 1996
Two recent studies have evaluated the utility of electrophysiologic (EP) testing in the treatment of patients with serious ventricular arrhythmias. The first study compared electrophysiologically guided antiarrhythmic drug therapy with nonguided beta-blocker therapy. Patients without inducible arrhythmias were assigned to oral metoprolol; patients with inducible arrhythmias were randomly assigned to ...
Perry G Y - - 1996
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been a successful adjunct to the management of arrhythmias in patients with Long QT syndrome (LQTS). In two patients, interactions between LQTS and the ICD were diagnosed and corrected. Oversensing of T waves was confirmed in the first, while in the second, the arrhythmia disappeared when ...
Anderson K P - - 1996
Sudden death remains a major problem because the causes are uncontrolled and accurate predictors have not been identified. However, new forms of electrocardiographic (ECG) analyses may provide prognostic information. The Electrophysiologic Study Versus Electrocardiographic Monitoring (ESVEM) trial provides a unique perspective to this issue because baseline and follow-up data were ...
Nasir N - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Programmed electrical stimulation early during amiodarone therapy has poor prognostic capabilities; and persistent inducibility has been associated with a favorable outcome in a majority of patients. These observations result from studies that differed significantly in methodology. METHODS AND RESULTS: The authors prospectively enrolled 121 patients in a standardized amiodarone ...
Drory Y - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Information on appearance or increase of ventricular arrhythmias during intercourse in patients with coronary disease is still inadequate. This prospective study analyzes patients' rhythm disturbances on sexual activity and compares them with occurrences during daily activities and stress testing. PATIENTS: The study included 88 male outpatients with stable ...
Vohra J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been shown to be very effective in the treatment of supraventricular tachycardias and has replaced surgical ablation. Only a few reports of RFA for idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) have appeared in the literature during the last two years. AIM: This paper presents our experience with ...
Dolack G L - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: Baseline electrophysiologic study (EPS) is routinely performed in patients resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation (VF) to risk stratify and select patients for chronic antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The role of EP testing prior to insertion of a multiprogrammable implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), however, is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was ...
Mitchell L B - - 1996
Should the patient being treated for spontaneous, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) routinely undergo a baseline, diagnostic, catheter electrophysiologic (EP) study? The potential patient advantages of such a policy include identification of the tachyarrhythmia-initiating episodes of presumed VT or VF, prediction of the subsequent risk of VT/VF ...
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