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Results 501 - 550 of 1351
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Brembilla-Perrot B - - 2001
The prognosis of patients with bundle branch block (BBB) and myocardial infarction (MI) is poor, particularly for patients suffering from syncope. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of some techniques for the evaluation of the mechanism of syncope in patients with MI and BBB and ...
Englund A - - 2001
Increased dispersion of repolarization, measured invasively or by QT interval measurements, is associated with an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Most studies on this issue have included patients with normal intraventricular conduction, and it is not known if this finding has a predictive value also in patients ...
Sakabe K - - 2001
Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) and QT interval dispersion (QTD), which reflect temporal and spatial repolarization abnormalities, respectively, have been proposed as useful indices to identify patients at risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs). The purpose of this study was to clarify which repolarization abnormality marker is more useful in predicting arrhythmic ...
Sakabe K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) has been proposed as a useful index to identify patients at risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Recent studies have demonstrated that antiarrhythmic drugs, such as amiodarone and procainamide, decrease the prevalence of TWA. In this study, we tested whether TWA in patients on antiarrhythmic pharmacotherapy significantly ...
Ortiz M - - 2001
We analyzed the incidence and predictive factors for induction of clinical ventricular tachycardia (VT) during an electrophysiologic study in 127 patients with structural heart disease and spontaneous VT documented by 12-lead electrocardiography. Eighty-five patients had coronary artery disease (CAD), 24 had idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), and 18 had right ventricular ...
Aiba T - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: It often is difficult to determine the optimal ablation site for idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) when the VT or premature ventricular complex (PVC) does not occur frequently. The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of a multielectrode basket ...
Grönefeld G - - 2001
Almost two decades of experience with the ICD have resulted in a better understanding of the nature of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The most pertinent achievements in this respect stem from clinical follow-up observations in patients with important clinical entities such as dilated cardiomyopathy or the Brugada syndrome. For instance, patients ...
Krahn A D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of recording the cardiac rhythm during presyncope in patients undergoing monitoring for undiagnosed syncope. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-five patients (age, 59 +/- 18 years; 44 men, 41 women) with recurrent unexplained syncope underwent prolonged monitoring with an implantable ...
Kolb C - - 2001
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) with ICDs can lead to temporary inhibition of the device or to inappropriate delivery of antitachycardia pacing and shocks. The incidence of interactions between electronic devices and the current generation of ICDs is not known. In a retrospective study of 341 patients (665 patient-years) who underwent a ...
Te Loo D M - - 2001
The epidemic form of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children and is characterized by a prodromal phase of sometimes bloody diarrhea. The role of verocytotoxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli has been strongly implicated. Although antibodies against VT have been detected in the ...
Katoh T - - 2001
Based on the results of the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST), strategies for the treatment of tachyarrhythmias have changed rapidly. The Japanese Antiarrhythmics Long-Term (JALT) study was planned to investigate the present methods for choosing antiarrhythmic drugs, and the effects on long-term prognosis in patients with tachyarrhythmias in Japan. Following ...
Manolis A S - - 2001
A previous report described our preliminary experience with a highly successful pacing lead removal system (VasoExtor). Extending this experience, we found it necessary to use additional tools to enhance the success of percutaneous lead extraction with this system. In the present series, we used the standard locking stylets (S and ...
Luria D M - - 2001
Syncope in the elderly is an important health care issue because of the large patient population, challenging diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and potentially devastating consequences. Significant comorbidity and atypical clinical presentations render a precise determination of the cause of syncope difficult. Recent studies suggest that noninvasive tests, such as carotid ...
Weber M - - 2001
In patients with ICDs, rapid VTs are usually treated with shocks. It is unknown, if antitachycardia pacing (ATP) delivered once for rapid VT during capacitor charging can avoid painful shocks without increasing the risk of syncope. In patients in whom rapid monomorphic VT (cycle length 300-220 ms) could be reproducibly ...
Mathias C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Syncope is a common disorder that is potentially disabling and affects both young and old. Once neurological, cardiological, and metabolic causes have been excluded, there remains a group in which diagnosis is unclear; some may have an autonomic basis. We therefore did a retrospective study on consecutive patients referred ...
Deisenhofer I - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias are the main cause of inappropriate therapies in patients with conventional single chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (VVI-ICD). It was anticipated that dual chamber cardioverter defibrillators (DDD-ICD), with their capacity to analyze atrial and ventricular rhythm, could substantially reduce inappropriate therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our prospective study included ...
Raitt M H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) can be unstable, can be associated with serious symptoms, or can be stable and relatively free of symptoms. Patients with unstable VT are at high risk for sudden death and are best treated with an implantable defibrillator. The prognosis of patients with stable VT is ...
Hnatkova K - - 2001
The study investigated the differences in T-wave morphology between normal controls, patients with an uncomplicated follow-up after a myocardial infarction (MI), and patients with ischaemic heart disease and a history of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). The study population consisted of 164 healthy patients (age 53.4 +/- 18.7 years old, 80 women), ...
Brili S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To identify any possible association between different readily available non-invasive indices and potential malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. DESIGN: 27 consecutive patients, mean (SD) age 27.3 (11.7) years, were studied 15.7 (6.7) years after corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot, using 12 lead ECG, ...
Luber S - - 2001
The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome and rate of symptomatic recurrence of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in an emergency department (ED) patient population, after ED management and disposition. A retrospective descriptive review of ED records and state death registry was performed. The study took place at ...
Storck N - - 2001
Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been used in studies of autonomic function and risk assessment in different patient groups such as in patients with diabetes mellitus, after myocardial infarction (MI) and other cardiovascular disease. Ectopic beats can, however, interfere with HRV analysis and give erroneous results. We have ...
Böhm A - - 2001
The metal case and the header of a Biovallees Coralite 247 pacemaker fell apart in a patient resulting in syncope due to myopotential inhibition. Upon recalling our patients with that type of device, we found a similar technological failure in 11 of 16 of them. This finding warrants a consideration ...
Winter J - - 2000
Reduction of the defibrillation energy requirement offers the opportunity to decrease implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) size and to increase device longevity. Therefore, the purpose of this prospective study was to obtain confirmed defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) of < or = 15 J in each patient with an endocardial dual-coil lead system ...
Huikuri H - - 2000
Advances in modern pacemaker technology offer possibilities to diagnose asymptomatic arrhythmias and to document the causal relation between symptoms and infrequently occurring arrhythmias. Diagnostic and memory functions of pacemakers allow both the automatic detection of arrhythmias and retrieval of stored electrograms of the arrhythmia episodes. Asymptomatic episodes of atrial fibrillation ...
Manolis A S - - 2000
Two types of new-generation transvenous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) systems, incorporating a two-coil (62 patients, group 1) versus single-coil (32 patients, group 2) lead system were compared among 94 consecutive patients. The two groups were comparable in age (58 +/- 13 vs 59 +/- 14 years), presenting arrhythmia (ventricular tachycardia ...
Maury P - - 2000
We determine the value of the programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) and of clinical, angiographic and electrophysiologic variables in assessing the long-term risk of arrhythmia recurrence in a group of coronary artery diseased patients presenting with a first episode of monomorphic sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) treated with amiodarone. Mortality and arrhythmia ...
Nakagawa M - - 2000
A head-up tilt test was performed in a 23-year-old woman with a history of two syncopal episodes. The patient developed abrupt syncope with 48 seconds of sinus arrest. Analysis of the high frequency (HF) power of heart rate variability over 24 hours before and after metoprolol therapy showed a significantly ...
Unterberg C - - 2000
Inappropriate therapy by ICDs due to SVTs is an important problem. A third generation ICD with a new detection criterion ("EGM width criterion") for differentiation of SVTs and VTs by measuring the width of the intracardiac EGM was studied in 47 patients. A wide EGM was defined as the longest ...
Madan R - - 2000
GCA presents in various forms, creating a diagnostic conundrum for the treating physician. Evaluation requires extensive medical examination, testing, and imaging to rule out other conditions. Compared with the process of diagnosing GCA, treating it is relatively straightforward. Most patients show significant improvement with corticosteroid therapy. Our patient presented with ...
Takase B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical peripheral vasodilation is one of the suspected mechanisms of neurally mediated syncope. Parasympathetic stimulation following sympathetic activation during orthostatic stress mainly contributes to this vasodilation. HYPOTHESIS: Since endothelial function modulates peripheral vascular tone, this study aimed to determine whether endothelial function and inappropriate peripheral vasomotion has a significant ...
Chen C H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The incidence of syncope increases with age, while aging is also associated with increased arterial wave reflection. HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to determine whether increased arterial wave reflection is a predisposing factor of syncope. METHODS: We recruited 38 patients (28 men and 10 women, mean age 57.2 +/- ...
Nierop P R - - 2000
Ambulatory ECG monitoring in patients with recurrent syncope is nondiagnostic in the majority of cases. Recently, an ECG implantable loop recorder (ILR) has been introduced. The ILR performs continuous ECG monitoring over a period of at least 14 months. From February 1997 to September 1999, 35 patients underwent implantation of ...
Ayabakan C - - 2000
Holter monitoring (HM) is widely used in arrhythmic disorders of adult patients; however, studies in the pediatric age group are limited. This study aims to determine the value of HM in diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to arrhythmias in pediatric patients. We examined 2,017 Holter records of 1,500 children ...
Freitas J - - 2000
Orthostatic intolerance is the development of disabling symptoms upon assuming an upright posture that are relieved partially by resuming the supine position. Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is an orthostatic intolerance syndrome characterized by palpitations because of excessive orthostatic sinus tachycardia, lightheadedness, tremor, and near-syncope. Patients usually undergo extensive medical, cardiac, ...
Ehlers A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how patients who seek medical help for benign palpitations can be distinguished from those with clinically significant arrhythmias. This study tested whether patients with arrhythmia can be distinguished from those who are aware of sinus rhythm or extrasystoles on the basis of sex, prevalence of ...
Granowitz E V - - 2000
A patient on disopyramide developed disopyramide toxicity when treated concurrently with azithromycin. Evidence of toxicity included an elevated serum disopyramide level and ventricular tachycardia requiring cardioversion. The azalide antibiotic presumably inhibited dealkylation of disopyramide to its major metabolite, mono-N-dealkyldisopyramide. Physicians should avoid using azithromycin in patients on disopyramide. If this ...
Duru F - - 2000
The morphology discriminator (MD) feature is an electrogram template matching algorithm that intends to improve tachycardia discrimination in implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of this feature during spontaneously occurring ventricular and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias and exercise induced sinus tachycardia. Twenty-three patients (20 ...
Aiba T - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The clinical usefulness of QT dispersion in 12-lead ECG has been controversial in identifying subjects at risk for sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We hypothesized that increasing the spatial resolution of the ECG improves the accuracy of risk stratification. The purpose of this ...
Rivenes S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is rare in children, and the prognosis is poor. In the present study, we evaluated all pediatric patients with RCM who were at our institution during a 31-year period to determine the clinical outcome and cause of death. Those who sustained sudden, unanticipated cardiac arrests were ...
Flachenecker P - - 2000
This study was undertaken to determine the nature of bradyarrhythmic events and their relationship to motor disability, disease stages and tachycardia in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, and to investigate the potential of the 24-hour heart rate power spectrum (HRPS) for the detection of serious bradyarrhythmias in individual patients. Thirty-five consecutive ...
Bänsch D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was performed to provide data on ventricular tachycardias (VT) with a cycle length longer than the initially programmed tachycardia detection interval (TDI) in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). BACKGROUND: It has been clinical practice to program a safety margin of 30 to 60 ms between ...
Schmitt H - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis and the sudden death risk for patients with coronary artery disease and spontaneous nonsustained ventricular tachycardia who are not inducible by electrophysiological testing. Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who have spontaneous or inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) by ...
Seidl K - - 2000
AIM: Patients with recurrent syncope undiagnosed after extensive non-invasive and invasive testing pose a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Holter monitoring is nondiagnostic in 90% of cases. Recent developments in loop recorder technology permit long-term ECG monitoring in patients with recurrent unexplained syncope. The aim of this study was to report ...
Lateef F - - 2000
The Pre-hospital Defibrillation Program in Singapore has in some cases demonstrated a lower amplitude of Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) than considered the norm. The Electrode Skin Impedance (ESI) refers to the skin impedance determined between two electrodes placed at specific positions on the body surface. The objective of this prospective study ...
Youde J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe the findings in the first year of an integrated syncope clinic for older patients and to review the published literature on "integrated" syncope clinics investigating older people. DESIGN: Review of syncope clinic database and Medline search for relevant literature. SETTING: Outpatient syncope clinics in two district hospitals ...
Buxton A E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate among patients with coronary artery disease, abnormal ventricular function, and unsustained ventricular tachycardia is high. The usefulness of electrophysiologic testing for risk stratification in these patients is unclear. METHODS: We performed electrophysiologic testing in patients who had coronary artery disease, a left ventricular ejection fraction of ...
Gottfridsson C - - 2000
Signal-averaged electrocardiograms (SAECG) were analyzed for late potentials and spectral turbulence in 208 patients with ischemic heart disease with a history of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (MVT) (n = 62), resuscitation from ventricular fibrillation (VF) (n = 64) or no ventricular tachyarrhythmia (n = 82). Receiver operating characteristic curves were ...
Calkins H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multicenter study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation system with internal saline irrigation. BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) associated with structural heart disease is more difficult than ablation of idiopathic VT. The larger size of responsible ...
Wasek W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Syncope after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common clinical problem. It may be hypothesised that remodelling and neurohormonal changes following AMI may predispose to neuromediated syncope. DESIGN: To address this issue we prospectively evaluated the incidence of positive results of head-up tilt-table testing in 40 patients following AMI ...
Van Gelder B M - - 2000
Three patients from different centers with pacemaker or ICD leads endocardially implanted in the left ventricle are described. All leads, two ventricular pacing leads and one ICD lead, were inserted through a patent foramen ovale or an atrial septum defect. The diagnosis was made 9 months, 14 months, and 16 ...
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