Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1282
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Baldi F - - 2008
AIMS: A multicentric observational study was performed to update the available information on reflux oesophagitis in Italy. METHODS: In phase I, the number and severity of reflux oesophagitis diagnosed in 1 year (2003) were reported together with the associated endoscopic findings. In phase II, oesophagitis patients consecutively referred in a ...
Di Fede Olga - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence of oral pathological changes and symptoms in patients affected by gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 200 patients with GERD and 100 matched healthy controls were studied. Thorough visual examination of the dental and oral mucosal tissues was performed and medical history relevant to ...
Schmidt Martin - - 2008
AIMS: Oesophageal injury has been reported with delivery of radio-frequency lesions at the left atrium posterior wall in catheter ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF). In this observational study we prospectively assessed endoscopical oesophageal wall changes after pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) in patients presenting for treatment of AF. METHODS ...
Smith W A J - - 2008
Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) are often encountered in clinical practice and their aetiology attributed to toothbrush abrasion, erosion and tooth flexure. This paper aims to determine the prevalence and severity of NCCLs in a sample of patients attending a university clinic in Trinidad and to investigate the relationship with medical ...
Cukier-Blaj Sabrina - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine the laryngeal sensitivity (LS) thresholds and the ratings of laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms in patients with paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM). METHODS: This is a chart review following Institutional Review Board approval of 75 patients from January 2006 to June 2007. The ...
Lee Jun Haeng - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: At least half of the patients with typical reflux symptoms have non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Minimal change lesions are commonly seen in the screening endoscopic examinations for individuals without clinically significant symptoms. We evaluated the correlation between minimal changes and symptoms in individuals visiting the hospital for ...
Savas Nurten - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common disorder that substantially affects the patient's quality of life. AIM: Our aim was to detect the frequency of GERD in patients with hiatal hernia (HH), to compare the acid reflux pattern in patients with and without HH, and to search the ...
Choi Cheol Woong - - 2008
AIM: To examine the association between obesity and gastropharyngeal reflux disease (GPRD) as well as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients undergoing ambulatory 24-h dual-probe pH monitoring from July 2003 to December 2006. The association between body mass index (BMI) and parameters about ...
Charloux Anne - - 2008
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is overexpressed in pulmonary arteries of pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients and contributes to the sustained vasoconstriction, remodeling process, and thrombosis of vessels that underlie development and progression of this disease. Increased circulating ET-1 correlates with markers of PH severity, and ET-1 is regarded as a potential diagnostic and ...
Elhak N Gad - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have shown that reflux of the duodenal content to the esophagus plays an important role in esophageal mucosal damage. The aim of the study is to compare the duodenogastroesophageal (DGER) reflux with the severity of reflux esophagitis and evaluate its response to either medical and/or antireflux surgery. ...
Bogte Auke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: One of the main causes of persistent cough is gastro-oesophageal reflux. In these patients, excessive oesophageal acid exposure and/or a temporal association between gastro-oesophageal reflux and cough can be demonstrated during 24-h pH monitoring. Impedance pH monitoring may have a higher yield than pH monitoring alone, but this technique ...
Schultz Tomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal disease may mimic acute anginal pain. However, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in the acute setting of patients with clinically unstable angina (UA) pectoris is not known. The aim of this study was to determine the co-existence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and gastroesophageal reflux in UA, and ...
Kodama Mayumi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic abnormalities present in the small bowel (SB) of patients with portal hypertension (PH) are not well understood. This study sought to evaluate endoscopic findings of the SB in patients with PH by double balloon endoscopy (DBE). METHODS: We evaluated the endoscopic findings of SB in 15 patients ...
Rosztóczy András - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of proximal reflux and esophago-bronchial reflex (EBR) in patients with asthma, and to compare the symptom spectrum, esophageal acid sensitivity, pH monitoring, and the endoscopic and manometric parameters of EBR-positive and -negative patients with asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients with recent diagnoses of ...
Martínek Jan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with mild to moderate erosive esophagitis (ERD) is a more severe disease regarding the amount of acid reflux, motor abnormalities, and the presence/absence of hiatus hernia than non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised a retrospective analysis of prospectively ...
Fursse Joanna - - 2008
An automated personalised intervention algorithm was developed to determine when and if patients with chronic disease in a remote monitoring programme required intervention for management of their condition. The effectiveness of the algorithm has so far been evaluated on 29 patients. It was found to be particularly effective in monitoring ...
Ringhofer Claudia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Discrepancy exists between the endoscopic (rugal folds) and the histopathologic (oxyntic mucosa) definition of proximal stomach. We compared endoscopy and histopathology of the esophagogastric junction in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. METHODS: A total of 102 consecutive patients (60 women) with gastroesophageal reflux disease prospectively underwent endoscopy including multilevel ...
Anand Girish - - 2008
Although the balance of epidemiologic data supports a relationship between obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), it is difficult to establish true cause and effect. However, results of several studies show that the frequency and severity of GERD symptoms and complications may be higher in obese patients, including an increase ...
Okita Koichi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus is a well-known acquired condition resulting from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, it is still unknown whether Barrett's esophagus develops gradually over time in patients with GERD. To address this issue, we investigated the change in the prevalence and length of short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) over time. ...
Nocon Marc - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder. The aim of our study was to describe the prevalence of nighttime heartburn and its associations with esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and extra-esophageal symptoms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the ongoing Progression of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (ProGERD) study. Based on ...
Urita Yoshihisa - - 2008
Although there have been many studies that showed a close association between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and chronic cough, it has been unknown whether acute cough is also associated with GERD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD and respiratory symptoms in general practice. ...
Tuhay Graciela - - 2008
Critically ill patients might present complex acid-base disorders, even when the pH, PCO2, [HCO3-], and base excess ([BE]) levels are normal. Our hypothesis was that the acidifying effect of severe hyperlactatemia is frequently masked by alkalinizing processes that normalize the [BE]. The goal of the present study was therefore to ...
Kwiatek M A - - 2008
Limitations of existing pH recording methodology have been the impetus for the emergence of new technologies focused on improving ambulatory pH monitoring. The Bravo pH capsule system (Bravo, Medtronic, Shoreview, MN) is one of the recent advances that utilize a wireless system to improve patient compliance and extend the period ...
van Malenstein Hannah - - 2008
Esophageal mucosal dilated intercellular spaces (DIS) are frequently observed in patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) and patients with esophagitis. The specificity of DIS is questionable, as it is present in up to 30% of asymptomatic healthy subjects and in patients with other esophageal disorders. DIS occurs in parallel with ...
Du Juan - - 2007
AIM: To analyze the spectrum and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) based on presenting symptoms and endoscopic findings. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey in a cluster random sample was conducted from November 2004 to June 2005 using a validated Chinese version Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) and other items recording ...
Song Ho June - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reflux symptom assessment had reliable accuracy in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, patients may recognize heartburn or regurgitation as dyspepsia because of inaccurate understanding or atypical presentation. The aim of the present study was to estimate endoscopic reflux esophagitis in patients with upper abdominal pain as ...
Kochhar Rakesh - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The mainstay of treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures is endoscopic dilatation. However, even after adequate dilatation, some patients may continue to have dysphagia. An associated oesophageal motor dysfunction in such patients may contribute to the persistence of dysphagia. AIM: To assess oesophageal motor dysfunction in patients with corrosive strictures ...
Ferdinandis T G H C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of patients referred for ambulatory oesophageal pHmetry, the referral pattern, and the role of oesophageal pHmetry as a diagnostic tool in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. DESIGN: Data obtained from patients referred to the Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory at Teaching Hospital Ragama for 24-hour ...
Willegaignon J - - 2007
Radioactive patients may expose others after radiopharmaceutical administrations, and evaluation of the absorbed dose or exposure rates close to patients is important in keeping radiation doses as low as reasonably achievable. Two theoretical exposure models, point source and line source models, are frequently used to calculate exposure or dose rates ...
Mark Lisa A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) with paraesophageal hernias (PEH) are not only older and less healthy than those with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but in addition the repair is more complicated. We evaluated whether outcomes relating to GERD symptoms and quality of life (QOL) were impacted by the ...
Suleman, A B; ; ...
Background This two-year study is a retrospective analysis of records of patients diagnosed with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) at a private medical aid society for the period January 2002 to December 2003. In this study of GORD and its complications, the use of gastroscopy as a staging criteria and the ...
Turner B G BG Department of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2007
Wireless pH studies can offer prolonged pH monitoring, which may potentially facilitate the diagnosis and management of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the detection rate of abnormal esophageal acid exposure using prolonged pH monitoring in patients with suspected or refractory ...
Battaglia E - - 2007
Patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease may complain of epigastric pain, bloating, early satiety, epigastric fullness, epigastric burning, nausea and vomiting. To evaluate the symptoms in response to gastric distension and its relationship to a therapeutic course in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease using the water load test, compared to healthy ...
Kacar Sabite - - 2007
AIM: To determine the gastroesophageal refluxate in the cervical esophagus (CE) and measure transcutaneous cervical esophageal ultrasound (TCEUS) findings [anterior wall thickness (WT) of CE, esophageal luminal diameter (ELD), esophageal diameter (ED)]; to compare TCEUS findings in the patient subgroups divided according to 24-h esophageal pH monitoring and manometry; and ...
Zerbib F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Approximately 20% of patients have persistent symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of reflux perception in patients on PPI therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 20 patients with typical gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms (heartburn and/or regurgitation) ...
Gatenby P A C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle and demographic risk factors for the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma developing from columnar-lined oesophagus are not well defined. METHODS: Demographic and lifestyle factors, endoscopy and histology reports were extracted from 1,761 subjects from seven UK centres. The associations of columnar-lined oesophagus with demographic and lifestyle factors and the ...
Reichel O - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux uncommonly suffer from conditions associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, in some laryngopharyngeal reflux patients, oesophagitis and Barrett's metaplasia can be diagnosed by oesophagogastroduodenoscopy. However, it is unclear which patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux would benefit from routine oesophagogastroduodenoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Xiong Li-Shou - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The subgroups and symptom characteristics of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) based on acid and duodenogastroesophageal reflux may be different in Chinese patients to Western patients. This study aimed to explore the stratification and symptom characteristics of patients with NERD. METHODS: Patients with typical heartburn and/or acid regurgitation ...
GadEl-Hak Nabil A - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may occur with acid, bile or in a mixed form. Endoscopic injury and mucosal metaplasia are a known sequelae to pathological GERD. The aim of the study was to determine the contribution of acid and duodenogastroesophageal reflux to endoscopic severity in patients with GERD and ...
Netzer Peter - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the oesophagus that is rapidly increasing in prevalence. Although systemic and topical corticosteroids are effective in treating EO, some patients develop corticosteroid dependency. Alternative therapeutic approaches that avoid corticosteroids are scarce. AIM: To analyse our experience at inducing and maintaining ...
Sgouros Spiros N - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between hiatus hernia and reflux esophagitis is well established. However, there are conflicting reports regarding its effect on the development of nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and axial length of hiatus hernia in patients with NERD, compared with patients ...
Altintas Abdullah - - 2007
Increased incidence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been reported in patients with chronic myeloproliferative disorders. The exact incidence of PH in essential thrombocythemia (ET) is unknown. Most of the reported literature consists of case reports or small studies. We designed this study to asses the incidence of PH in patients ...
Johansson Johan - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Few previous studies have addressed the agreement between endoscopy and histology regarding Barrett's oesophagus in unselected endoscopy patients. Our aim was to quantify this agreement, and to study its relation to clinical and endoscopic characteristics in consecutive patients coming for first-time gastroscopy. METHODS: We invited consecutive ...
Katsanos Konstantinos - - 2007
Infliximab (IFX) and iron sucrose (FeS) are of high value in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to assess the relative role of both therapies in IBD related anaemia and their safety when used in combination. IBD patients with anaemia receiving a first series of FeS infusions in addition to ...
Becker V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Persistent gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, is a common problem. Combined pH/impedance monitoring (pH/MII) enables detection of reflux episodes. Aim To identify patients with objective episodes of persistent reflux and second, to evaluate the effect of modified therapy based on the results of pH/MII. ...
Piretta Luca - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate whether the prevalence of overweight and obese conditions is increased in gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients (with 24-h pathological pH recordings) in comparison to general population. METHODS: A total of 196 consecutive patients (103 females, age range 18-83 years) with symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) and 24-h ...
Macchini Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by growth and mental retardation, abnormalities of the upper limbs, gastroesophageal dysfunction, cardiac, ophthalmologic and genitourinary anomalies, hirsutism and characteristic facial features. Growth retardation, behavioural disturbances and gastro-intestinal manifestations can mimic coeliac disease (CD). Genetic conditions like Down, ...
Mandl T - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pharyngeal and oesophageal symptoms and dysmotility in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and relate these to autonomic nervous function. METHODS: Twenty consecutive pSS patients, according to the American-European Consensus Criteria (AECC), and 30 age- and sex-matched controls from the Swedish general population registry ...
Emerenziani S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying symptoms in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, particularly in non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), remain to be fully elucidated. Weakly acidic reflux and the presence of gas in the refluxate could be relevant in the pathogenesis of symptoms. METHODS: To assess the relationship between symptoms and weakly acidic, acid ...
De Vries Durk R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported an overlap between gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of FD and IBS in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
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