Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1280
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Colas-Atger E - - 2002
In this prospective study 244 consecutive patients presenting with typical and chronic signs of gastroesophageal reflux were included. Conventional 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring was carried out to establish the symptom association probability, the concordance index, and the symptom sensitivity index. The symptom association probability could be calculated in 110 patients ...
Marcotullio Dario - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the distribution of histologic damage and its correlation with various risk factors in a group of patients affected by Reinke's edema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study subjects comprised 125 patients with bilateral Reinke's edema consecutively presenting at the Department of ...
Xenos E S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is multifactorial. This study evaluates the relationship between esophageal exposure to acid, the presence or absence of a hiatal hernia, and manometric indicators of esophageal motility. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with foregut symptoms were evaluated with upper gastrointestinal series or ...
Ylitalo Riitta - - 2002
The aim of this study was to compare the incidences of gastroesophagopharyngeal reflux in patients with contact granuloma and healthy controls. A 24-hour ambulatory esophagopharyngeal pH monitoring technique was used to measure reflux parameters in the pharynx and distal esophagus. Pharyngeal acid reflux events occurred in 17 of 26 granuloma ...
Wang S J - - 2002
In most patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) the oesophagus is affected. Reflux symptoms are most frequent, whilst dysphagia also occurs. Cisapride, a prokinetic agent, may enhance motility along the gastrointestinal tract. The effects of cisapride on oesophageal transit were evaluated in 12 PSS patient using a solid-phase radionuclide oesophageal ...
Frazzoni M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Treatment strategies that abolish abnormal reflux could prevent long-term complications of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of laparoscopic fundoplication and lansoprazole in abolishing abnormal reflux in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. PATIENTS: Study population comprised 130 patients referred for possible antireflux surgery and with heartburn as ...
Tefera S - - 2002
Our aim was to study intragastric volume and distribution of a liquid meal in patients with reflux oesophagitis using three dimensional ultrasonography. Twenty patients and 20 healthy controls underwent ultrasonographic measurements of the stomach using a position sensor based on magnetic scanhead tracking for acquisition of three dimensional images. In ...
Csendes Attila - - 2002
To assess the clinical, endoscopic, and functional results in a group of patients with Barrett's esophagus undergoing classic antireflux surgery in whom dysplasia and adenocarcinoma were found at a late objective follow-up. There have been isolated reports of patients with Barrett's esophagus undergoing antireflux surgery who show dysplasia or even ...
Frazzoni M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Lansoprazole and omeprazole are widely used proton pump inhibitors for the management of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Normalization of oesophageal acid exposure is an important goal in the management of complicated and atypical gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. AIM: To compare the efficacy of lansoprazole and omeprazole in the abolition of abnormal reflux ...
Uner Abdurrahman - - 2002
In this prospective study 37 children (ranging 2 months-15 years) with acute pneumonia were evaluated by Doppler echocardiography for the presence of pulmonary hypertension (PH). The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of PH in children with acute pneumonia because the diagnosis of PH influenced the treatment ...
Thoman David S - - 2002
In addition to heartburn and regurgitation, cough is a frequent nonspecific complaint of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. The incidence of alternative etiologies for patients with chronic cough who are undergoing antireflux surgery is not known. To determine this, and the response of chronic cough to fundoplication, we performed a ...
Al-Ibrahim Alia Abdulrahim - - 2002
This is a retrospective study of 82 children with urinary tract infection (UTI) evaluated for the prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux at a community hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from 1997 to 2000. There were 73 (89%) girls and nine (11%) boys; 58 (71%) were at an age between 1-5 years, ...
Parekh Dipen J - - 2002
PURPOSE: We determine the efficacy of a prospective screening analysis of an asymptomatic sibling of patients with reflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 siblings of patients with reflux were evaluated and 40 (51%) had reflux. The resolution rate and necessity for surgical intervention were evaluated. RESULTS: A total ...
Tomonaga Tetsuya - - 2002
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) often is associated with pulmonary problems such as asthma as well as recurrent and nocturnal cough. Dual-probe 24-hr pH monitoring may assist in establishing a correlation between these symptoms and GERD-related symptoms. To determine if any specific symptom was predictive of aspiration, this study was undertaken. ...
Field S K - - 2001
Although a strong association exists between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and asthma, results of studies designed to maximize the likelihood of identifying that GER worsens pulmonary function in patients with asthma have been negative or inconclusive. Asthma symptoms worsen during symptomatic reflux episodes, and asthma symptom severity correlates with the severity ...
Couvelard A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cytokeratin (CK) 7 and 20 patterns are specific for long and short segments of Barrett's oesophagus but their use has not been assessed in intestinal metaplasia arising in macroscopically normal gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in a large prospective series of ...
Weiss H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have alterations of gut neuropeptides, such as neurotensin (N) and motilin (M), which are resolved following antireflux surgery. Obesity is associated with GERD. Since the adjustable gastric band prevents gastroesophageal reflux in morbidly obese patients, this study was performed to investigate plasma levels ...
Rader A E - - 2001
The current cost of endoscopically screening patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's esophagus (BE) is considerable. A nonendoscopic device that allows for screening of these patients would offer significant cost savings. This pilot study evaluates the utility of cytologically diagnosing BE using a prototype flexible mesh catheter. Patients ...
Cascio S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe 4 patients in whom megaprepuce was associated with vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four boys aged 6, 4, 5 and 7 months, respectively, presented with dribbling of urine, gross penile swelling and inability to void spontaneously. The first 3 patients had a history of documented urinary ...
Postma G N - - 2001
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in otolaryngology patients appears to be different from classic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In particular, esophagitis and its principal symptom, heartburn, considered the diagnostic sine qua non of GERD, are often absent in LPR. It has therefore been postulated that LPR patients have superior esophageal function. Esophageal ...
Banki F - - 2001
The reason why patients with isolated supine reflux do not reflux in the upright position and patients with isolated upright reflux do not reflux in the supine position is unknown. Our objective was to determine the characteristics of the crura, lower esophageal sphincter, crura-sphincter dynamics, and esophageal body on manometry, ...
Gordon A R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether there is a significant association between cervical esophageal webs and gastroesophageal reflux on pharyngoesophagography. METHODS: We studied 50 patients with cervical esophageal webs on pharyngoesophagrams and 50 control subjects. The control group was matched to the webs group for age, sex, and symptomatology. Patients with cervical ...
Bergqvist A S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal carcinoma is one of the more aggressive cancers and the patients usually seek medical attention only when the disease is already advanced. Therefore it is important to have a tool, which is simple and fast, to measure and to predict the prognosis for these patients. Mutations in the ...
Stuart W P - - 2001
The indications for surgical perforator interruption remain undefined. Previous work has demonstrated an association between clinical status and the number of incompetent perforating veins (IPVs). Other studies have demonstrated that correction of IPV physiology results from abolition of saphenous system reflux. The purpose of this study was to identify which, ...
Dingli D - - 2001
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) with right-sided cardiac failure is a rare complication of amyloidosis, and its natural history is not well-defined. The aim of our study was to evaluate patients who were seen at our institution who had PH and amyloidosis and to describe the natural history of this complication. The ...
Ouatu-Lascar R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Postural measures are early recommendations in the management of heartburn, and are aimed at preventing acid reflux through an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter (LES). However, LES incompetence is found in only a minority of patients, and transient LES relaxations, primarily in the upright position, are currently recognized as the ...
Morris C D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients with Barrett's oesophagus have a risk of approximately 1 per 100 patient-years for the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic ablation of Barrett's oesophagus has been shown to lead to the regrowth of a 'neo' squamous epithelium if gastro-oesophageal reflux is controlled, but the incidence of subsequent tumour formation ...
Ylitalo R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the laryngeal signs and symptoms associated with gastroesophago-pharyngeal reflux (GEPR). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective controlled study. METHODS: Nineteen healthy control subjects and 43 patients, 26 with posterior laryngitis (PL) and 17 with a normal larynx and suspected GEPR, were examined using videolaryngoscopy and 24-hour ambulatory dual-probe pH ...
Bell R C - - 2001
Esophageal pH monitoring identifies some patients who have physiologic amounts of esophageal acid exposure but have a strong correlation between symptoms of esophageal reflux events. These patients with symptomatic physiologic reflux probably have enhanced sensory perception of reflux events and may be difficult to control with acid-suppressive therapy. Little is ...
Wajed S A - - 2001
HYPOTHESIS: Obesity impairs the antireflux function of a structurally intact barrier. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of body mass index in patients with normal esophageal manometric findings but with symptomatic and objectively confirmed gastroesophageal reflux. SETTING: Specialist esophageal center. PATIENTS: Patients symptomatic and diagnostic for gastroesophageal reflux, referred between October 1, 1998, ...
Madsen E - - 2001
PURPOSE: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is demonstrated by radiography as a supplement to 24-h pH monitoring. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients (mean age 44 years) with suspicion of GOR disease were assessed according to a standard questionnaire. GOR was investigated by 24-h pH-monitoring and by radiography. Oesophageal emptying and the presence ...
Kotzan J - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of GERD associated with prescription NSAID consumption. METHODS: All Georgia Medicaid patients > 25 years of age and continuously eligible for 1996, 1997, and 1998 were included in the study. Patients were excluded if they received a GERD diagnoses ...
Colorio C C - - 2001
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTE-PH) is an infrequent cause of pulmonary hypertension that develops in 0.1-0.2% of patients who survive after an acute venous thromboembolic event. According to the largest series so far reported, 15-30% of patients with diagnosis of CTE-PH have an underlying congenital or acquired hypercoagulable state. To ...
Trudgill N J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Studies of the relative frequency of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and asymptomatic controls have revealed conflicting data. We have therefore studied the frequency of TLESRs and the frequency and mechanisms of acid reflux episodes in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and ...
Dixon M F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that reflux of bile plays a part in the pathogenesis of Barrett's oesophagus. Bile injury to the gastric mucosa results in a "chemical" gastritis in which oedema and intestinal metaplasia are prominent. AIM: To determine if patients with Barrett's oesophagus have more bile related changes ...
Wilcox C M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition, little is known regarding physicians' approach to the diagnosis and management of GERD in elderly patients. METHODS: We surveyed by facsimile a random sample of 14,000 practicing primary care physicians throughout the United States. Physicians were questioned using a case-based ...
Wallner B - - 2001
The purpose of this study was investigate the Z-line appearance by using a previously proposed classification, the ZAP classification, and to investigate the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia in the Z-line, among fundoplicated patients. Sixty patients, who had undergone fundoplication 2 to 17 years earlier, were included in the study. The ...
Mager R - - 2001
Exposure therapy is a behavioral technique that is reported to be the most effective, long-lasting treatment for patients suffering from specific phobia. During the performance in enclosed spaces, the patients show a strong psychophysiological response to the phobic stimulus that is normally avoided. This psychophysiological response changes characteristically during the ...
Katz P O - - 2001
Management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is based on the concept that gastric contents, principally acid and pepsin, are responsible for esophageal injury and symptoms of reflux disease. Pharmacologic management in the year 2001 revolves around the basic principle that control of intragastric pH correlates with esophageal healing and, subsequently, ...
Ciccaglione A F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that atropine reduces gastroesophageal reflux in normal subjects and patients with gastroesophageal reflux. The aim of the study has been to assess the effects of an atropine derivative, hyoscine N-butylbromide in normal subjects and patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease by recording esophageal and gastric pH-metry ...
Kaneda Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study was performed to investigate the prevalence and severity of the serotonin-related symptoms for a group of patients in a clinical setting during fluvoxamine (FLU) using the Japanese version of the Serotonin Syndrome Scale (JSSS). METHODS: The subjects for the present study were 37 patients (20 and ...
Koek G H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Mixed reflux of acid and duodenal contents frequently occurs in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to establish the contribution of acid and duodenal gastroesophageal reflux (DGER) to symptoms in patients with presumed GERD. METHODS: A total of 72 patients (37 women), mean ...
Maronian N C - - 2001
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) disease and extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux have been recognized to have dramatic effects in the upper airways. Patient-reported symptoms alone underestimate the presence of LPR, making accurate clinical diagnosis difficult. Many previous studies examine populations with only standard dual-probe pH testing that does not include a ...
Baker M E - - 2001
The barium esophagram is an essential component in the workup of a patient with dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux disease, especially when considering antireflux surgery or after such surgery. The examination requires a flexible approach with an emphasis on the motility portion of the examination. When properly performed, the examination should ...
Poelmans J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe one patient with a puzzling therapy-resistant unilateral chronic otitis media, analyze his diagnosis, and describe three similar patients with the same symptoms and signs, i.e., a chronic ear problem together with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY DESIGN: Thorough analysis of one patient with a chronic ear problem ...
Stricker H - - 2001
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare disease with a dismal prognosis if untreated. Progress in diagnosis and in the development of effective therapeutic options has created new interest in this pathology. There are, however, only limited data on the prevalence of severe PH unrelated to chronic left ventricular failure ...
Charach G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the suitability of the new electrical impedance monitor RS-205 for monitoring of cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE). DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: A department of internal medicine in a 1,200-bed university-affiliated, teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty patients, aged 52-80 yrs, 30 without CPE (controls) and 30 with or at ...
Villadsen G E - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to correlate the severity of oesophageal motor dysfunction with the severity of cutaneous disease in systemic sclerosis (SS). Patients were divided into three groups based on the degree of skin involvement: type I, acrosclerosis distal to the wrist; type II, scleroderma extending above ...
Levtchenko E N - - 2001
The aim of this work was to evaluate prospectively the proportion of children with a clinical and biological presentation of acute pyelonephritis, abnormal Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy and negative or equivocal urine cultures. All patients aged 6 weeks to 15 years suspected of acute pyelonephritis (APN) were admitted to ...
Wallner B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A four-graded classification of the Z-line appearance (ZAP) has been proposed, which was shown to correlate with the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (IM) among patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to determine the ZAP grade and the prevalence of IM among patients without ...
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