Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1280
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KÅ‚opocka Maria - - 2004
One well-known extraesophageal manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is chronic laryngitis. The aim of this study was to estimate the efficiency of eight weeks of treatment with the PPI rabeprazole in a selected group of patients with chronic idiopathic laryngitis without typical GERD symptoms. Seventeen patients (nine men and ...
Wong I W Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of acid reflux into the nasopharynx in patients with chronic sinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of patients presenting to a specialist rhinology practice with chronic sinusitis. METHODS: Forty patients with chronic sinusitis underwent ambulatory 24 hour pH testing. The mean age of the patients was ...
Labenz Joachim - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease can be divided into three categories: nonerosive GERD (NERD), erosive GERD (ERD), and Barrett's esophagus. A shift among these categories rarely occurs. The aim of the present study was to elucidate potential patient-associated risk factors associated with ERD. METHODS: A total of 6,215 patients with troublesome ...
Hill R Keith - - 2004
To determine the change in pachydermia/posterior commissure hypertrophy in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPR) on long-term acid-suppressive therapy. Retrospective chart review. Seventeen patients with LPR who were compliant with long-term acid-suppressive treatment and had good control of their symptoms for at least 20 months were examined. Pre- and posttreatment ...
Valentini Anna Lia - - 2004
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess contrast material-enhanced voiding ultrasonography (US) for grading of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and to compare results with those of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in adult patients undergoing antireflux ureteral implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven consecutive adult patients who had undergone renal transplantation with Politano-Leadbetter (18 patients) or Lich-Gregoire ...
Murry Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to describe a case series of patients with refractory cough and paradoxical vocal fold movement disorder treated with respiratory retraining therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a case series in a tertiary medical care center. METHODS: Five patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux were identified with refractory cough ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies have shown that altered visceral perception and lower pain thresholds in patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and non-cardiac chest pain. Autonomic changes associated with the perception of heartburn in patients with GERD are poorly understood. METHODS: A total of 12 GERD patients (six male, ...
Moazzez Rebecca - - 2004
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of tooth wear, symptoms of reflux and salivary parameters in a group of patients referred for investigation of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) compared with a group of control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tooth wear, stimulated salivary flow rate and ...
Pereira-Lima Júlio C - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of colonization by cagA-positive and cagA-negative H. pylori strains in the spectrum of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. METHODS: A total of 108 patients (50 male/58 female; ...
Liu J J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with classic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and borderline 24-h pH studies are not considered to be good candidates for surgical fundoplication. Endoluminal gastroplication (ELGP) is a new endoscopic treatment for patients with GERD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ELGP in these ...
Ylitalo Riitta - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of extraesophageal reflux (EER) in patients with heartburn, posterior laryngitis (PL), and in healthy controls. Study design and setting A retrospective and prospective study including a total of 101 subjects who underwent 24-hour dual-probe pH monitoring. RESULTS: 52% of the subjects with heartburn had EER. ...
Kauer W K H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a commonly underestimated aetiological factor in patients with respiratory symptoms. In this study, acid reflux in healthy volunteers and patients with GORD with and without respiratory symptoms was investigated by dual pH monitoring. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers and 43 patients with GORD underwent oesophageal ...
Frazzoni M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with endoscopy-negative heartburn can be subdivided into non-erosive reflux disease and functional heartburn on the basis of abnormal and normal, respectively, oesophageal acid exposure. Different pathophysiological characteristics could explain the reportedly low efficacy of proton pump inhibitors in functional heartburn. AIM: To assess if non-erosive reflux disease and ...
Niimi A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increased hydrogen and reduced chloride ionic environments of the airways are conducive to the stimulation of cough. However, the constituents of the local milieu of the airways of patients with chronic cough are unknown. METHODS: The pH and chloride levels in exhaled breath condensate and capsaicin cough threshold (C5) ...
Miwa H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Visceral hypersensitivity plays a major role in the pathogenesis of non-erosive oesophageal reflux disease (NERD). Prevalence of NERD differs according to the population and geographical region. Oesophageal hypersensitivity in NERD has not been well studied, especially in Japanese patients. AIM: To investigate oesophageal hypersensitivity in Japanese NERD patients. PATIENTS ...
Koppert L B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the distribution of serious comorbidity in patients with newly diagnosed oesophageal and gastric cancer between 1993 and 2001. Our special interest was comparing distal oesophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma patients since a common origin of these tumours has been suggested. METHODS: Data on comorbidity (previous cancers, chronic ...
Harar R P S - - 2004
The principal reason for performing investigations in patients with globus pharyngeus is to detect a pharyngeal or upper oesophageal malignancy presenting this way. There is uncertainty regarding both the necessity for investigation in globus patients and the first line investigation of choice in the screening of such patients. The authors ...
Patel Nalin J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate the presence of laryngeal abnormalities is patients with paradoxical vocal fold dysfunction (PVFD). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients referred for evaluation of paradoxical vocal fold dysfunction between July 2002 and December 2002. The patients completed questionnaires at ...
Kulig M - - 2004
We describe the design and report the first results of the Progression of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (ProGERD) study, to our knowledge the largest prospective study of GERD patients. Patients were recruited at 1,253 centers in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Following an assessment of medical history, all patients were endoscoped and ...
Loffeld R J L F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: H. pylori infection is accompanied by a lower prevalence of reflux disease. There is still an ongoing debate as to whether H. pylori actually protects against the development of reflux oesophagitis or is merely an epiphenomenon. A cross-sectional study was performed to study the relation of H. pylori with ...
Hong Sung-Pyo - - 2004
Non-erosive reflux disorder, which represents more than 60% of gastro-esophageal reflux disorders, lacks objective parameters for diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between non-erosive minimal lesions at the lower esophagus and gastro-esophageal reflux disorder. Patients were asked to answer a symptom questionnaire. The endoscopic findings ...
Milkes David - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acid plays a significant role in the development of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, such as heartburn and regurgitation. It is generally assumed that acid suppressive therapy improves or eliminates symptoms by normalizing intraesophageal pH. AIMS: The aim of this article was to assess the efficacy of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) in ...
Casanova C - - 2004
The prevalence and clinical consequences of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are not well characterised. The present study prospectively studied 42 males with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second % predicted: 35%, range 20-49) and 16 healthy volunteers of similar age without respiratory or ...
Danielsson Gudmundur - - 2004
The aim of this study was to define the underlying anatomical and pathophysiological conditions in limbs with venous ulcers in order to get information for the most appropriate treatment selection. Ninety-eight limbs (83 patients, 59 men), with active chronic venous ulcers, were analyzed retrospectively and classified according to the CEAP ...
Whybra C - - 2004
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The availability of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for this debilitating condition has led to the need for a convenient and sensitive instrument to monitor clinical effects in an individual patient. This study aimed ...
Okunade Akintunde Akangbe - - 2004
In this work, numerical models are presented for the determination of additional shielding requirements apart from that afforded by patient and hardware devices (grid, cassette, cassette holder, and x-ray table) for diagnostic x-ray primary beams. The models provide an opportunity for the incorporation of appropriate transmission factors obtained by integration ...
Mueller Diane M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the presenting symptoms among persons with radiographic evidence of Chiari malformation (CM) type I in an effort to help the primary care provider determine accurate diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: The symptoms of CM can often be vague and ambiguous, leading to misdiagnosis. Patients who had radiographic evidence ...
Nishida Tsutomu - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We examined the incidence of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Patients comprised those with DM or chronic hepatitis C (CHC) who visited Osaka Prefectural General Hospital in the same study period. Reflux symptoms were examined using a self-administered ...
Sermon F - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study is aimed at assessing the relationship between ear, nose and throat manifestations and proximal reflux in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease by using 24-h dual-probe pH monitoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients were included: (;) 28 patients with suspected ear, nose and throat manifestations of gastrooesophageal ...
Tack J - - 2004
Endoscopic-negative reflux disease (ENRD) is the most common presentation of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-affecting up to 70% of these individuals. In the last three decades therapeutic studies have focused solely on the treatment of patients with erosive oesophagitis. However, more recent studies have shifted our attention to defining, understanding and ...
Ylitalo R - - 2004
To investigate if laryngeal pseudosulcus (bilateral infraglottic oedema) is a reliable sign of pharyngeal reflux, the video recordings of 59 patients and 18 controls were examined off-line by two phoniatricians. Eleven video segments were duplicated for calculation of intrarater reliability. The frequency of pseudosulcus was correlated to the results of ...
O'Riordan J M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus results from chronic reflux of both acid and bile. Reflux of gastric and duodenal contents is facilitated through the denervated stomach following esophagectomy, but the development of Barrett's changes in this model and the relationship to gastric and esophageal physiology is poorly understood. AIMS: To document the ...
Ahmad Ijaz - - 2004
Otolaryngological manifestations of acid reflux include a wide range of pharyngeal and laryngeal symptoms; and the constellation of symptoms has been called laryngopharyngeal reflux. This is a prospective study in a cohort of patients with various throat symptoms suggestive of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) who underwent flexible oesophago-gastroscopy, as a principal ...
Dekel Roy - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Symptom index (SI), which represents the percentage of perceived gastroesophageal reflux-related symptoms that correlate with esophageal acid reflux events (pH <4), has been suggested as a measure to improve diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux (GER)-related noncardiac chest pain (NCCP). Because no study has evaluated the value of the symptom index ...
Amin Mona - - 2003
RATIONALE: The aim of this work was to study the association of pulmonary hypertension (PH) with pulmonary artery calcifications (PACs) and hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) receiving regular hemodialysis. BACKGROUND: Scarce data are available regarding the prevalence and the predictors of PH in patients with CRF. Abnormal ...
Dekel R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Available prospectively acquired data on the distribution of oesophageal motor abnormalities in patients being evaluated for non-cardiac chest pain and/or dysphagia are relatively scarce. AIM: To evaluate the distribution of oesophageal motor abnormalities in patients with dysphagia, non-cardiac chest pain or both using the national Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative ...
Al-Asoom Lubna - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to correlate the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux with the results of esophageal reflux with the results of esophageal pH metry in asthmatic patients. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), during the period ...
Weigl Manuela - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess whether proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with lone paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) leads to a reduction of PAF-related symptoms. METHODS: The records of patients with reflux esophagitis were screened for the diagnosis of lone PAF. All patients with ...
Bresadola Vittorio - - 2003
To assess the correlation between esophageal manometry and 24-h pH-metry and the clinical, endoscopic and radiological picture, we carried out a retrospective analysis of the data of 175 patients in 2001-2002 with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease and/or the established presence of esophagitis. The data were analyzed on the basis ...
Lin Mona - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Eructation (belching) is a common symptom seen in clinical practice. Because either belching or heartburn may result from transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations, it has been proposed that belching may be a manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this retrospective study we evaluated the prevalence of belching in ...
Powitzky Eric S - - 2003
A prospective study was designed to characterize patients with typical and extraesophageal reflux (EER) symptoms and seek predictive patterns for each group. Fifteen subjects without symptoms, 16 patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and 37 patients with symptomatic EER were evaluated with outcomes tools, videolaryngoscopy, and 24-hour triple-probe pH ...
Gorenstein Arkadi - - 2003
About 50% of children with chronic respiratory diseases (RD) have "silent" gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Our purpose was to evaluate the possibility that RD in patients with GER reflects the presence of more severe acid reflux. We compared the severity of parameters from pH studies in children with chronic RD and ...
Cicala M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease do not present with erosive oesophagitis and make up a heterogeneous group. Patients with non-erosive gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are less responsive than patients with oesophagitis to acid-suppressive therapy. AIM: To assess the role of acid reflux in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease symptoms. ...
Valenza Venanzio - - 2003
Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is a rare pathology, with a prevalence of between 0.01% and 0.11%. Definitive diagnosis of ZD can be accomplished by contrast radiographic examination (barium oesophagogram, BE); oesophageal manometry (ME) is recommended mainly for those patients suffering from dysphagia and/or gastro-oesophageal reflux. The aims of the present study ...
Kocakoc Ercan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Reflux is an important criterion for the diagnosis of varicoceles and in the existence of reflux more than 1 s is the lower limit for the diagnosis of varicoceles. We proposed to assess the relationship of vein diameters with the incidence, duration and flow volume of reflux using color ...
Dresner S M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with an intrathoracic oesophagogastrostomy after subtotal oesophagectomy experience profound duodenogastro-oesophageal reflux (DGOR). This study investigated the degree of mucosal injury and histopathological changes in oesophageal squamous epithelium after subtotal oesophagectomy with gastric interposition in relation to the extent of postoperative DGOR. METHODS: Serial endoscopic assessment and systematic biopsy ...
Potluri Sunitha - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine whether measurement of salivary/sputum pepsin could be used as a surrogate marker for detecting gastroesophageal reflux using 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring as the gold standard. Patients with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms underwent simultaneous 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring and collection of saliva and sputum ...
Grases Felix - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Sialolithiasis is a common disease of salivary glands. The etiology of these calculi is little known and their exact mechanism of formation is unknown. METHODS: The composition and structure of 21 sialoliths were studied and the composition of the saliva of each corresponding patient was determined (pH, calcium, magnesium, ...
Kastelik J A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although gastro-oesophageal reflux is a recognised cause of chronic cough, the role of oesophageal dysmotility is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal oesophageal motility in a selected group of patients with chronic cough. METHODS: Oesophageal manometry and 24 hour pH monitoring were ...
Pan John J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between massive gastroesophageal reflux (GER) on barium studies and pathologic acid reflux on 24-h pH monitoring. METHODS: A search of hospital records from January 1997 to January 2001 revealed 28 patients who underwent both barium studies and 24-h pH monitoring. The radiologic reports were reviewed ...
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