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Tavss E A - - 1997
A considerable number of clinical studies are documented in the literature on oral products containing 5,000 ppm fluoride (F), mainly nonabrasive gels. Study results show that this level of fluoride provides marked caries protection. These high-potency gels are especially effective for irradiated head and neck cancer patients, who typically develop ...
Katz A - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the incidence and energy dependence of atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) induced by implantable ventricular defibrillator shocks in 63 patients tested in the operating room or electrophysiology laboratory. METHODS AND RESULTS: Defibrillator shocks were epicardial monophasic in 32 patients, and through an Endotak lead endocardial monophasic in 19 and ...
Cho J G - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) does not only deteriorate the cardiac function and increases the thromboembolic risk but also triggers rapid and irregular ventricular rhythm in patients with atrial synchronous pacing. However, the risk factors for the development of AF in patients with pacemakers are not clearly determined yet. The present ...
Botto G L - - 1996
A population of 283 patients with recent onset (< 72 hours) AF, without heart failure, who received a single 450- or 600-mg oral dose of propafenone, or digoxin 1 mg, or placebo for conversion to sinus rhythm (SR), was studied to determine whether a routine admission to the hospital for ...
Matiouchine G V - - 1996
In order to terminate atrial flutter (AF) overdrive transesophageal left atrial pacing (TELAP) was performed in 760 patients with paroxysmal AF. There were 315 women and 415 men (mean age 59 years). In 260 patients, TELAP was used in an outpatient setting. Approximately half of the patients (51%) had coronary ...
Jørgensen H S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia and a major risk factor for stroke. Many physicians remain reluctant to provide stroke prevention by anticoagulant therapy especially for elderly individuals with AF. Using multivariate regression analyses, we studied the characteristics and the prognosis of stroke in patients with AF. METHODS: ...
Epstein J B - - 1996
The use of fluoride gel applied in a custom tray once daily has become standard for patients who have xerostomia after undergoing radiation therapy. Compliance may be poor as a result of the inconvenient method of application and because many patients with head and neck cancer have poor health behaviors. ...
Hutcheson P S - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The object of the study was to longitudinally follow immune parameters of Aspergillus fumigatus sensitization so as to predict those at risk for developing allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). DESIGN: Patients were evaluated for 5 immune parameters (skin test [ST], positive precipitating antibody [PPN], total IgE, IgE anti-A fumigatus ...
Forgione N F - - 1996
Between August 1991 and May 1993, 14 patients affected by chronic, poorly tolerated atrial fibrillation (AF) were submitted to high energy transcatheter cardioversion. Mean duration of AF was 27.4 +/- 45.1 months. In nine patients (56%), AF lasted for > 1 year. All patients had underlying heart disease, with a ...
O'Connell J E - - 1996
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important and independent risk factor for stroke, particularly in elderly people. The efficacy of treatment with warfarin and aspirin in primary and secondary stroke prevention in AF has been demonstrated in randomized clinical trials. In a demographic study, we examined the prevalence of AF in ...
Fresco C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological conversion of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is frequently necessary. The aim of this study was to compare intravenous propafenone, a class Ic antiarrhythmic agent, with placebo in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) of recent onset (< 72 h). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomly allocated 75 patients, aged 18 to 70 ...
Van Delden C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study whether absence of prophylaxis is a risk factor for cerebral toxoplasmosis, and to determine the reasons for absence of prophylaxis among AIDS patients diagnosed with Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and matched case-control study. PATIENTS: Patients (104 first episodes and 26 relapses of TE) were ...
Carneskog J - - 1996
By using gamma camera imaging the spleen size was assessed in 18 consecutive patients with essential thrombocythaemia (ET) and in 18 consecutive patients with polycythaemia vera (PV). All ET and PV patients were newly diagnosed and had not received any myelosuppressive therapy prior to study. The spleen areas in both ...
Montereggi A - - 1996
The onset of atrial fibrillation (AF) in hyperthyroid patients constitutes an unfavorable clinical event associated with high risk of cardiovascular complications, occurring in approximately one fifth of patients. Therefore, it is advantageous to define noninvasive markers that may identify patients at risk. The high-resolution, signal-averaged electrocardiogram was used to evaluate ...
Lüderitz B - - 1996
Nonpharmacologic tools to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) are direct current cardioversion, radiofrequency (RF) current catheter ablation, antiarrhythmic surgery, pacing, and atrial defibrillation. In patients with sustained AF, when no cause can be found for AF or when the associated disease is mild, an attempt should be made to restore sinus ...
van der Reijden W A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of 3 types of polymer-based saliva substitutes in reducing oral dryness in patients with Sj?gren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Subjective efficacy of 3 different saliva substitutes (determined by self-administered questionnaire) was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 43 patients with primary and secondary SS. High-viscosity ...
Hara M - - 1995
To clarify whether silent cortical strokes (SCS) could be a predictor of symptomatic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), 72 patients with AF (50 with chronic AF, 22 with paroxysmal AF) were studied. Patients with mitral stenosis, history of myocardial infarction, or dilated cardiomyopathy were excluded from this study. ...
Zarembski D G - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia with significant morbidity and mortality. Maintenance of normal sinus rhythm (NSR) can be achieved with antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The antiarrhythmic effects of amiodarone hydrochloride and flecainide acetate in patients with resistant chronic AF have been investigated separately in several small studies. ...
Bergasa N V - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endogenous opioids contribute to the pruritus of cholestasis by studying the effect of the opiate antagonist naloxone on the perception of pruritus and on scratching activity in patients with this form of pruritus. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial with four periods. SETTING: Clinical research referral center. ...
Stupnicki A - - 1995
Of 656 patients with ALL (all types) diagnosed in Switzerland during 4 consecutive 4-year periods (1976-1979, 1980-1983, 1984-1987, 1988-1991), 507 were officially registered on protocols ("study" patients) while 149 were not ("nonstudy" patients). The mean incidence of 3.8/100,000 children < 15 years/year is higher than reported for other Western countries. ...
Dubois J M - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of music during bronchoscopy on patient perception of the procedure. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: University-based bronchoscopy suite. PATIENTS: Twenty-one patients received music (M+), and 28 patients served as controls (M-). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Physiologic responses, subjective patient perceptions, and administered medications were monitored. ...
Abadir M C - - 1995
BACKGROUND: It is not known why melanocytic nevi (MN) become dysmorphic (atypical) in patients with the atypical mole syndrome (AMS). A complex origin for acquired MN has been postulated. Genetic predisposition, solar radiation, and/or the formation of a sun-induced circulating mitogenic factor may contribute to the formation of MN. OBJECTIVE: ...
Nouri D K - - 1995
A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the effect of the presence of a resident compared with a non-resident registrar on the selection of patients for radiography outside normal working hours at a north London district general hospital accident and emergency (A&E) department. During periods when the registrar was resident ...
Kupfer G M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To characterize third party payor types and rates of reimbursement for hospital costs in emergency department (ED) evaluations of preadolescents presenting as suspected victims of sexual abuse (SSA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review, comparing a set of 186 SSA patients with 623 evaluated for upper limb fracture and ...
Raffaeli S - - 1995
Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents a high risk of systemic embolism, particularly of stroke (S). This is true not only when AF is associated with an organic cardiopathy, but also in the so-called nonvalvular AF (NVAF). Not all cases of AF are of the same S-risk; such risk is higher for ...
Chiasson PM - - 1994
The optimal management of patients with morbid obesity and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains an unresolved issue. We have performed a vertical banded gastroplasty combined with an anterior fundoplication (VBG + AF) in 28 selected morbidly obese patients with moderate or severe heartburn. The patients who underwent VBG +/- AF ...
den Dulk K - - 1994
Mode switching algorithms have been developed to avoid tracking of atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter (AFL) during DDD(R) pacing. Upon recognition of AF or AFL, the mode is switched to a nontracking, sensor driven mode. The Vitatron Diamond model 800 pacemaker does this on a beat-to-beat basis. Atrial events occurring ...
Cicogna R - - 1994
Carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) has been studied in subjects in sinus rhythm, but it has never been studied in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). After a finding of CSH in a patient with chronic AF and syncope, we studied the effects of carotid sinus stimulation in a group of ...
Hakusui S - - 1994
Cardiac scintigraphy with meta-[123I]iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is used to assess cardiac sympathetic function. We performed [123I]MIBG scintigraphy in 7 patients with neurological diseases presenting orthostatic hypotension and other autonomic failures (AF), 22 neurological patients without AF, and 9 healthy subjects. Thallium scintigraphy and echocardiography were also performed in all subjects. In ...
Clark M - - 1994
The prevalence of pressure sores has been frequently reported. However, such measures fail to identify how many patients develop sores, while longitudinal changes in prevalence rates are difficult to interpret. This paper provides the first report of the incidence of pressure sores across the population of a single NHS Trust ...
Wada K - - 1994
During the past several years, Japan has seen an emergence of cocaine abuse. Although there were only 43 cocaine-related arrests in 1988, the number in 1989 jumped to 96-more than double the previous year. In 1991, the number increased to 122. National Police Agency data shows that about 50% of ...
Weiner P - - 1994
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common cardiac arrhythmias in the adult population. Propafenone is a class 1c antiarrhythmic agent that has an electrophysiologic profile suggesting that it might be potentially effective in recent-onset AF. The present study was undertaken, therefore, to examine the time course as well ...
Spiller H A - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether activated charcoal (AC) reduces the efficacy of subsequent oral N-acetylcysteine therapy during acute acetaminophen overdose. DESIGN: Prospective observational case series of all acute acetaminophen overdoses reported to three certified regional poison centers. TYPES OF PATIENTS: All patients with acute acetaminophen overdose in whom N-acetylcysteine therapy ...
Rozenbaum R - - 1994
We retrospectively studied 171 patients with cryptococcosis who were divided into three groups according to their associated predisposing conditions (if any): group 1 comprised nonimmunosuppressed patients, group 2 comprised patients with AIDS, and group 3 comprised those patients with other conditions and/or who were users of immunosuppressive drugs. Analysis and ...
Karvonen S L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Increased hypersensitivity reactions to Propionibacterium acnes may be involved in the pathogenesis of severe acne. OBJECTIVE: To study delayed and immediate hypersensitivity reactions to P. acnes in patients with severe nodular acne (SNA) and acne fulminans (AF). METHODS: We performed lymphocyte stimulation and skin tests for P. acnes antigens ...
Birmingham M C - - 1993
The published selection criteria for use of anti-endotoxin antibodies are modeled on the criteria used in protocol enrollment of patients. These criteria are not suitable for therapeutic decision-making, because the trials themselves prove that the enrollment criteria have both low sensitivity and low specificity. In order to develop a selection ...
el Aggan H A - - 1993
Selective intestinal decontamination (SID) for 7 days with norfloxacin (NF) was performed in 15 patients with schistosomal hepatic fibrosis (SHF) and low-protein ascites. Changes in ascitic fluid (AF) opsonic activity and complement3 (C3), complement4 (C4), total protein (TP) and albumin concentrations after NF therapy were compared with those of a ...
Kezirian G M - - 1993
Several treatments exist for trichiasis, a condition in which misdirected lashes come in contact with the globe. The treatments can be considered in two groups, those that destroy the lash follicle and those that redirect the lashes. No technique is without potential complications, and none is 100% effective. The Ellman ...
Kahn R L - - 1993
Perioperative supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (AF/SVT) have been long recognized as a complication after major surgery, but little is known about the incidence after major nonthoracic surgery. One thousand two hundred ten consecutive patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty were studied to determine the incidence of new onset AF/SVT. Information on ...
Frezzato M - - 1993
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) in young patients are rarely reported. Their natural histories seem to differ from those of older patients and the best treatment is still uncertain. In this follow-up study we have evaluated a cohort of 64 consecutive patients younger than 40 ...
Takarada A - - 1993
We evaluated the relation of atrial rhythm to a clinical course of treatment in 147 patients diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Thirty-six of the patients (24%) had either transient (9 patients) or persistent (27 patients) atrial fibrillation (AF). Compared with DCM patients with sinus rhythm (SR), the AF patients did ...
Hsu T - - 1993
An assay employing the UV-mimetic mutagen 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) to estimate a person's UV-sensitivity was developed. This sensitivity may be translated into an individual's susceptibility to acquire cutaneous malignancies. We used cytogenetic recordings on cultured lymphocytes from 103 normal individuals, 62 melanoma patients, and 71 patients with head and neck cancer. ...
Halperin J L - - 1993
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for ischemic stroke. In randomized trials, AF raised the risk of stroke nearly sixfold, cumulating in a 35% risk over a lifetime. Anticoagulation with warfarin reduces the danger of ischemic stroke, but carries hemorrhagic risks, making this agent unsuitable for treating many patients. ...
Mayumi H - - 1993
A dual chamber pacemaker having a fallback (FB) mode was utilized in nine patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) associated with transient supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (atrial fibrillation [Af] in three patients, atrial flutter [AF] in two, and paroxysmal atrial tachyarrhythmia [PAT] in four). Various degrees of abnormality of atrioventricular (AV) conduction ...
Podzamczer D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of two intermittent regimens for the simultaneous primary prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and toxoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN: Prospective randomized open trial. SETTING: HIV outpatient clinic of an Infectious Disease Service and a 1000-bed university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: A total of ...
Greenberger P A - - 1993
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) may complicate 1% to 2% of all cases of chronic asthma. Twenty-eight patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for ABPA but without evidence of proximal bronchiectasis [ABPA-S (seropositive)] were identified over a 12-year period and classified by stage. The majority of patients were in remission but all ...
Pollak A - - 1993
Pacing is indicated in patients with AF when clinical symptoms are readily attributable to slow ventricular rate and prolonged ventricular pauses. When choosing a pacemaker for implantation, one should consider the importance of a reasonable chronotropic response to exercise and provide a rate-responsive system (VVIR) for those patients who show ...
Ogawa H - - 1993
To evaluate the significance of the signal-averaged P wave in various pathological conditions of the atrium, signal-averaged electrocardiograms and echocardiograms were studied in the following 4 groups: (1) 10 normal subjects (control group), (2) 24 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF) (AF group), (3) 12 patients with left ...
Vingerhoets F - - 1993
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for stroke, although it may not always be directly responsible for the stroke. On the other hand, cardiac arrhythmias and electrocardiographic changes have been reported after ischemic stroke and numerous other intracranial pathologies. We tested the hypothesis that some patients ...
Shoji K - - 1992
Time series analysis of glottal airflow was carried out on 26 normal controls and 40 patients with voice disorders, using a modification of Isshiki's original technique which uses a hot-wire flowmeter, taking cycle-by-cycle fluctuations into consideration. The mean flow rate and mean AC/DC were shown to have significant differences among ...
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