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Inoue H - - 2000
There is some controversy concerning which clinical characteristics predict thromboembolism and whether treatment with class I antiarrhythmic drugs reduces thromboembolim in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). This retrospective, multicenter study was undertaken to determine risk factor or factors for thromboembolism in patients with paroxysmal AF. Seven hundred forty patients ...
Zimetbaum P J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the utility of excluding myocardial infarction (MI) in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with atrial fibrillation (AF) and to identify predictors of MI in this group. BACKGROUND: Patients with AF are frequently admitted to the hospital, in part, to exclude an associated MI. ...
Omran H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the incidence of left atrial (LA) thrombi in patients in sinus rhythm (SR) and with a recent neurologic deficit and to analyze the relation between LA thrombi and LA chamber and appendage function in patients in SR. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 869 ...
Hisar I - - 2000
Activated protein C resistance (APC-R) is the most common inherited cause of clinically apparent venous thromboembolism. Previous data indicate that left atrial thrombus (LAT) formation is a common complication in mitral stenosis (MS) and a hypercoagulable state exists in these patients. The aim of this study was to invastigate the ...
Lateef F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Singapore is a highly urbanized and cosmopolitan city situated at the crossroads of Southeast Asia. High-rise buildings and "vertical living" are common, and the city serves as a major business, financial, and industrial hub in the region. More than 80% of the population live in high-rise apartments. This poses ...
González-Torrecilla E - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to investigate the independent factors associated with the presence of left atrial (LA) spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and thromboembolic events in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) in chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Factors independently associated with LASEC, thrombi, and embolic events have been mainly investigated ...
Hsieh M H - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The major source of ectopic beats initiating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is from pulmonary veins (PVs). However, the electrogram characteristics of PVs are not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Group I consisted of 129 patients with paroxysmal AF. Group II consisted of 10 patients with a concealed left-sided free-wall ...
Yamada A - - 2000
BACKGROUND-Variations in the ventricular response interval (VRI) during atrial fibrillation (AF) may be reduced in patients with adverse clinical outcomes. The properties of VRI dynamics associated with prognosis remain undetermined. METHODS AND RESULTS-In 107 patients with chronic AF (age, 64+/-9 years), we analyzed a 24-hour ambulatory ECG for VRI variability ...
Tefferi A - - 2000
Recent studies have shown decreased megakaryocyte expression of the thrombopoietin receptor (c-mpl) in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) but not in those with reactive erythrocytosis. We examined the diagnostic utility of this observation in 22 patients with PV, 7 patients with secondary erythrocytosis (SE), and 10 normal controls. Commercial antibodies ...
Lenz T L - - 2000
Dofetilide is a new antiarrhythmic agent recently approved for conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFl). It is a class III antiarrhythmic that works by selectively blocking the rapid component of the delayed rectifier outward potassium current. Dofetilide prolongs the effective ...
Nabar A - - 2000
Two patients were presented, and two previously unreported observations were made. Patient 1, a 50 year old man with episodic palpitations and dizziness for 10 years, exhibited initiation of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) by atrial fibrillation (AF). Patient 2, a 43 year old woman with a structurally normal heart but ...
Bilge M - - 2000
To assess right atrial appendage (RAA) flow and its possible relationship to left atrial appendage (LAA) flow in chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed in 26 patients with chronic nonvalvular AF (group I). For the purpose of comparison, an additional group of 27 patients with chronic ...
Goette A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with the activation of the atrial angiotensin system. However, it is not known whether the expression of angiotensin II receptors changes during AF. The purpose of this study was to determine the atrial expression of angiotensin II type 1 ...
Rose S C - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of information provided by three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US) and to determine whether 3D US decreased the number of passes required to obtain portal vein (PV) access during creation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intermittent 3D US volume acquisitions were obtained during ...
Li-Saw-Hee F L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: First, we sought to determine whether there is diurnal variation in hemostatic factors related to thrombogenesis and hypercoagulability among patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Second, we sought to determine whether levels of soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), a marker of endothelial function, or soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), an index of platelet ...
Osaka T - - 2000
It has been shown in animal experiments that recurrent induction of atrial fibrillation (AF) or long-lasting atrial pacing causes a shortening of the atrial effective refractory period (ERP) and action potential duration (APD) and a loss of their physiological adaptation to rate. Much remains to be clarified as to the ...
Jaïs P - - 2000
Lone atrial fibrillation (AF) is defined by the absence of identifiable causes of AF, but its hemodynamics have not been investigated. Twenty-eight patients with lone AF were compared with 14 control patients referred for Wolff-Parkinson-White ablation. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography were performed to rule out structural heart disease, followed by ...
Horstmann S - - 2000
The frequency of motor vehicle and working accidents was analyzed by means of a strictly anonymous questionnaire in 156 patients with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) and in 160 age-gender matched controls. In the SAS group 12.4% of all drivers had motor vehicle accidents as compared to 2.9% in the control ...
Goette A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether atrial expression of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases Erk1/Erk2 and of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is altered in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that atrial fibrosis can provide a pathophysiologic substrate for AF. However, the molecular ...
Ferguson B J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) was recognized in 1981. Since 1983, a form of sinusitis histologically similar to AFS except for the absence of fungal hyphae has also been noted. The designation "eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis (EMRS)" is proposed. Its relationship to AFS is controversial and problematic. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ...
Nanthakumar K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate therapy from supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (atrial fibrillation [AF] and sinus tachycardia [ST]) in patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillators is a major challenge. We tested the performance of stability algorithms from 3 manufacturers for episodes of inappropriate therapy delivered because of AF and an onset algorithm for all episodes of ...
Kocun C C CC Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Jersey Shore Medical Center, Meridian Health System, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, - - 2000
This study was undertaken to determine whether there was a change in patient decisions concerning genetic amniocentesis during the period 1995-1998. All patients referred for genetic counseling because of advanced maternal age, abnormal serum triple-screen results, or ultrasonographic abnormalities between January and March 1995 and between January and March 1998 ...
Hirshberg B - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic vein thrombosis (Budd-Chiari syndrome) is associated with various hypercoagulable states, such as polycythemia vera (PV), presence of the lupus anticoagulant, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and deficiencies of antithrombin III, protein C and protein S. In recent years, it has become evident that patients with the Budd-Chiari syndrome may ...
Cao X - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of embolic events and relevant factors in elderly Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation(AF), and to provide evidence on ways to prevent embolic events. METHODS: Autopsy data from ninety-three continous elderly Chinese patients with AF were analysed. The incidence of embolic events and its relationship to ...
Leckey R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) admitted to hospital because of stroke or transient ischemic attack; and to describe the outcome of AF-associated stroke. DESIGN: Review of the medical records of patients, identified from a prospective registry, admitted from January 1, 1994 through ...
Lin W S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Successful ablation of ectopic beats originating from the pulmonary veins (PV) could eliminate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, information about the structure of the PV in patients with PAF that is initiated by PV ectopic beats has not been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the morphology of the ...
Ramanna H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have shown that atrial fibrillation (AF) causes remodeling, which facilitates AF perpetuation. AF may also, however, occur in patients without remodeling and underlying structural cardiac disease. The substrate for enhanced vulnerability in these patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 43 patients without structural heart disease: ...
Tamis J E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia occurring in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether AF independently prolonged postoperative length of stay (LOS). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG were identified. Baseline clinical variables, postoperative course including ...
Hassan A K - - 2000
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of age on tooth colour and to record the range of tooth colour in patients in Baghdad, Iraq. A total of 650 patients who were treated by fixed prosthesis were included in the study. In younger patients the commonest colours ...
Matsui H - - 2000
A national collaborative study was conducted in Japan to evaluate the clinical course and the sequelae of patients with hydatidiform mole coexistent with twin live fetus (HMTF). Seventy-two cases of HMTF were diagnosed based on gross appearance and histopathological criteria. In 18 cases, the molar parts were cytogenetically confirmed to ...
De Sisti A - - 2000
In patients with sinus node dysfunction (SND) with or without associated paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), the effectiveness of atrial pacing in reducing the incidence of AF is not definitive. In addition, despite several studies involving large populations of implanted patients, little attention has been paid to the electrophysiological (EP) atrial ...
Shirani J - - 2000
Left atrial appendage (LAA) is frequently the site of thrombus formation in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Transesophageal echocardiography and hematologic studies have identified blood flow stasis (spontaneous echogenic contrast) and abnormal coagulation (increased serum fibrinogen) as important predisposing factors to formation of LAA thrombi. However, the third component ...
Bogun F - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Mapping techniques have not been systematically evaluated with respect to atypical atrial flutter (AF) not involving the inferior vena cava isthmus. The purpose of this study was to assess prospectively the use of concealed entrainment (CE) in mapping of AF and to assess the clinical benefit of ablation of ...
Natale A - - 2000
We report the long-term follow-up of a right side only catheter ablation approach for paroxysmal AF. Eighteen patients with AF refractory to drugs entered the study. Ablation was attempted in the right atrium only by creating linear lesions based on a specific design including from two to four linear lesions. ...
Bungard T J - - 2000
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing public health problem associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Numerous randomized controlled trials of warfarin have conclusively demonstrated that long-term anticoagulation therapy can reduce the risk for stroke by approximately 68% per year in patients with nonvalvular AF, and even more in patients with ...
Janelli L - - 2000
The purpose of this descriptive pilot study was to determine the effect of a musical intervention on the behavioural reactions of physically restrained patients. Forty patients, of whom 23 were female and 17 were males with a mean age of 77, participated in the study. Patients listened to their preferred ...
Li R - - 2000
Incidence of occurrence of atrial fibrillation (Af) after implantation of VVI was examined and the possible mechanism was explored. Eighty cases of atrioentricular block (AVB) and 74 cases of sick sinus syndrome (SSS) were studied and followed up for 1-14 years after implantation of VVI. The endpoint was the occurrence ...
Hart R G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to characterize the risk of stroke in elderly patients with recurrent intermittent atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Although intermittent AF is common, relatively little is known about the attendant risk of stroke. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was performed comparing 460 participants with intermittent AF with ...
Haïssaguerre M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the mode of reinitiation of atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardioversion and the efficacy of ablating these foci of reinitiation in patients with chronic AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen patients, 7 with structural heart disease, underwent mapping and catheter ablation of drug-resistant AF documented to be persistent for ...
Delfaut P - - 2000
Electrophysiologic mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) initiation are being actively studied. Multisite atrial pacing has shown, in acute studies, significant potential for prevention of AF. Dual site pacing reduces of intra and inter-atrial conduction time, atrial refractoriness dispersion, and to a limited extent atrial premature beats which modify the atrial ...
Kumagai K - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Most focal atrial fibrillation (AF) can be triggered by premature beats from pulmonary veins (PVs), and ablation of these foci could cure AF. However, it is difficult to locate the trigger points of PVs using only one mapping catheter. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the ...
De Sisti A - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Clinical electrophysiology (EP) has focused attention on the EP properties of atrial muscle in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with sinus node dysfunction (SND) sometimes are included in these studies, but the characteristics of these patients with SND alone appear less well investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed ...
Houry D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this preliminary study was to compare acetaminophen to ketorolac for treating patients with fever in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind pilot study, patients were enrolled as a convenience sample during a 6-month study period. All subjects 18 years or older with ...
Ishimatsu T - - 1999
Repetitive atrial firing (RAF), marked fragmentation of atrial activity (FAA), and interatrial conduction delay (CD) have been shown to be electrophysiological features of the atrium in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Moreover, it has been observed that atrial extrastimuli are more likely to induce AF when delivered from the right ...
Boriani G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate right atrial refractoriness and sustained atrial fibrillation (AF) inducibility at programmed electrical stimulation in two groups of patient: a series of patients with chronic persistent AF, studied immediately after successful low energy internal atrial cardioversion, and a group of control patients without history of supraventricular arrhythmias. ...
Ergene U - - 1999
We investigated the spontaneous conversion rate of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in emergency department patients and the recurrence rate of AF during a 1 month follow-up period. Sixty-six consecutive hemodynamically stable patients presenting to a university hospital emergency department with new-onset atrial fibrillation (less than 72 hours duration) comprised the ...
Kodama Y - - 1999
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were examined in six patients with autonomic failure with Parkinson's disease (AF with PD) and 10 patients with autonomic failure with multiple system atrophy (AF with MSA), all of which showed marked parkinsonian features as a principal sign. We designated the central abnormalities of ABRs as ...
Kodama Y - - 1999
Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were examined in six patients with autonomic failure with Parkinson's disease (AF with PD) and 10 patients with autonomic failure with multiple system atrophy (AF with MSA), all of which showed marked parkinsonian features as a principal sign. We designated the central abnormalities of ABRs as ...
Kim K B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The surgical results of the Cox-Maze III procedure (CM-III) for atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic mitral valve (MV) disease are not as good as the results from surgery for AF alone. METHODS: To assess the efficacy and safety of the CM-III in AF associated with rheumatic MV disease, ...
Nabavi D G - - 1999
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a well-recognized independent risk factor of ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the amount of microembolic signals (MES) in 15 patients with 'lone' AF representing the subgroup of AF patients with the lowest lifelong risk of stroke. All patients had been put ...
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