Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1024
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Stoddard Marcus F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is widely accepted as a direct cause of cardioembolic stroke from left atrial (LA) thrombus formation. However, the relationship between LA thrombus and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with AF is less well established. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-one adult patients (mean age 66 +/- 11 ...
Baykan Merih - - 2003
BACKGROUND: P-wave dispersion (P dispersion), defined as the difference between the maximum and the minimum P-wave duration (P minimum), and maximum P-wave duration (P maximum) have been used to evaluate the discontinuous propagation of sinus impulse and the prolongation of atrial conduction time respectively. The aim of this study was ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, affecting many millions of people world-wide. The treatment of AF has improved significantly during the past decade, but most patients suffer from symptoms and recurrences of arrhythmia. Studies on the neurohormonal remodelling in patients with AF ...
Tükek Tufan - - 2003
We examined the possible effect of diurnal variability of heart rate on the development of arrhythmias in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Forty-one COPD patients (M/F: 39/2, mean age: 59+/-8.5 years) and 32 (M/F: 27/5, mean age: 57+/-11 years) healthy controls were included. Twenty-four hour ECG recordings were ...
Maisel William H - - 2003
Heart failure (HF) affects almost 5 million patients in the United States and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Atrial fibrillation (AF), like HF, affects millions of patients and markedly increases in prevalence with age. As the US population ages, the number of patients afflicted with HF and ...
Nao Tomoko - - 2003
An abnormal distribution of the gap junction occurs in chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). There are conflicting data regarding changes in connexins (Cxs) in experimental models of AF. We examined whether patients with chronic AF have alterations in atrial Cxs. We analyzed the expression of Cx40 and Cx43 in the right ...
Ohmura Kazuko - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiological characteristics of atrial fibrillation (AF) that organized into atrial flutter during oral administration of class I antiarrhythmic agents. The former clinical study included 72 consecutive patients (58 paroxysmal AF, 14 persistent AF) in whom class I antiarrhythmic ...
Demir Ahmet Duran - - 2003
Occurrence of AF in a pacemaker implanted patient is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the clinical, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic determinants of persistent AF in patients with DDD pacemakers. A 101 consecutive patients were followed for an average of 19.8 ...
Seidl Karlheinz - - 2003
Catheter-based, right and left atrial compartmentalization procedure was evaluated using a noncontact mapping (NCM) system. Its usefulness to identify and close discontinuities in linear lesions in both atria was evaluated. The impact of linear lesion continuity on ablation success of chronic AF was also investigated. Nineteen patients with symptomatic, drug ...
Zun Leslie S - - 2003
Patients are frequently involuntarily, physically restrained in the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this study was to determine the type and rate of complications experienced by patients physically restrained in the ED. A prospective, observational study was performed on consecutive patients who were restrained in a community, inner-city teaching ...
Langerveld J - - 2003
AIMS: Little information is available about short-term and none about long-term follow-up of cardiac rhythm after percutaneous mitral balloon valvotomy (PTMV). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the long-term course of the supraventricular rhythm in 137 consecutive patients with severe mitral stenosis, who underwent PTMV. The rhythm before PTMV was sinus ...
Perez-Lugones Alejandro - - 2003
Multidetector computed tomography can be used to evaluate the anatomy of pulmonary veins (PVs) in patients with AF. The study evaluated two groups. Group 1 included 61 patients assessed following PV ablation with ultrasound of RF energy. Group 2 included 15 patients undergoing ablation for AF and 14 control subjects ...
Sinha Uttam K - - 2003
To evaluate the effectiveness of AlloDerm, an acellular human dermal matrix graft, as an interpositional physical barrier to prevent the development of Frey syndrome after parotidectomy. The 30 patients included in the study were divided into 3 groups of 10. In group 1 (study group), patients underwent superficial parotidectomy with ...
Manios Emmanuel G - - 2003
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of amiodarone and diltiazem on atrial fibrillation (AF) induced atrial electrical remodeling and their clinical implications. METHODS: Persistent AF patients were randomly assigned to three treatment groups over a period from 6 weeks before to 6 weeks after internal cardioversion: group A (35 patients, oral ...
Turhan Hasan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: P-wave dispersion (PWD), defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum P-wave duration, has been proposed as being useful for the prediction of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common arrhythmia and an important prognostic indicator for clinical deterioration in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The ...
Herrrmann Irene - - 2003
PURPOSE: When performing clinical trials, missing data from withdrawn patients should be evaluated differently, depending on the reason for the withdrawal of the patients. The question is, if a certain type of patient drops out, will that affect the result? Could a randomly selected sample of a study population be ...
Kulichenko L L - - 2003
Two randomized, parallel-group clinical studies with a verum and a control group were performed to investigate the effect of a standardized extract (SHA-10) of Andrographis panaiculata (N.) fixed combination Kan Jang in the treatment of diagnosed influenza viral infection. The pilot study was performed on 540 patients with 71 Kan ...
Gensini Francesca - - 2003
Experimental studies have shown a significant increase in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) expression in atrial tissue of AF patients. ACE regulates the synthesis of endothelial nitric oxide (NO), which modulates autonomic nervous activity involved in the development of AF. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of ACE ...
Gandhi V - - 2003
Twenty patients with Schamberg's disease were started on pentoxifylline (400 mg once daily) for a period of 8 weeks. Improvement was assessed at 2 weekly intervals by two observers independently and graded as mild (< 25%, moderate (25-50%) and marked (>50%). Marked improvement was observed in 10/20(50%) patients. We conclude ...
Mattle Heinrich P - - 2003
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. AF is paroxysmal or persistent and becomes permanent when it does not convert to sinus rhythm spontaneously or when attempted cardioversion fails. The prevalence of AF is 0.4% in the general population and increases with age up to 6-8% in octogenarians. ...
Jaïs Pierre - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequently initiated from pulmonary veins (PVs), but little is known of the electrophysiological properties of PVs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two groups were studied: 28 patients (49+/-13 years old) with paroxysmal AF and 20 control patients (49+/-14 years old) without AF. Effective and functional refractory period ...
De Sisti Antonio - - 2002
P wave duration and morphology have never been systematically evaluated as markers of AF in patients with a conventional indication to pacing. This study correlated sinus P wave duration and morphology and the incidence of AF in patients with sinus node dysfunction (SND), previous history of AF before implant, and ...
Macle Laurent - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Catheter ablation of pulmonary veins (PV) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited by the disparate requirements of sufficient energy delivery to achieve PV isolation while avoiding PV stenosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of using an irrigated-tip catheter for ...
Kawada Akira - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of phototherapy with a newly-developed high-intensity, enhanced, narrow-band, blue light source in patients with mild to moderate acne. An open study was performed in acne patients who were treated twice a week up to 5 weeks. Acne lesions were reduced ...
Slavik Richard S - - 2002
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia seen in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). Pharmacological conversion of atrial fibrillation to normal sinus rhythm (NSR) may be a feasible management strategy in selected patients. Recent guidelines have recommended intravenous amiodarone, a class III antiarrhythmic agent, for the conversion ...
Narayan Sanjiv M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the transition of typical atrial flutter (Afl) to fibrillation (AF) remain unclear. We set out to test the hypothesis that Afl disorganizes to AF via alternans of atrial action potentials. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 38 patients with Afl, monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded at the ...
Israel Carsten W - - 2002
Atrial pacing with dedicated algorithms for prevention and termination of atrial tachyarrhythmias is under clinical evaluation. A patient is described with persistent symptomatic AF. After cardioversion and implantation of a DDDRP pacemaker before planned AVN ablation, the patient was free of symptoms. Early after implant, one cardioversion of AF was ...
Cingozbay B Y - - 2002
Thromboembolism is the most important complication in patients with atrial fibrilation (AF). Homocysteine is a toxic amino acid that has been recently accepted as a risk factor for atherosclerosis and stroke. The aim of the present study is to show whether there is a relation between hyperhomocysteinemia and thromboembolic complications ...
Das Mithilesh Kumar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is found in 1% of persons above the age of 60 years. More than 5% of the population older than 69 years and about 14% of octogenarians are at risk for this arrhythmia. It is estimated that 1.5 to 3 million persons in the United States ...
Atalar Enver - - 2002
Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) has often been associated with systemic embolization, and patients with mitral stenosis (MS) have the highest thromboembolic risk. Increased risk of thromboembolism could be in part due to impaired fibrinolytic function. Global fibrinolytic capacity (GFC) is an innovative technique for evaluating the entire fibrinolytic system. The ...
Bollmann Andreas - - 2002
This study was conducted to analyze the meaning of AF frequency obtained from the surface ECG for prediction of energy requirements and early arrhythmia relapse in patients undergoing internal cardioversion of persistent AF. Nineteen consecutive patients (mean age 58 +/- 11 years; 11 men, 8 women) with persistent AF (> ...
McCann William A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis is primarily caused by Aspergillus fumigatus. Despite similarities, allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is thought to be caused by various fungi. OBJECTIVE: Identify fungal elements in AFS allergic mucin and determine the prevalence of specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E to recombinant A. fumigatus allergens (rAsp) in AFS patients. METHODS: ...
Kok Lai Chow - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has become an established treatment modality for patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). A principal limitation of RF catheter ablation is the risk of thromboembolism. Stroke as a complication after ablation of triggers of AF has not been previously reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-six patients underwent ...
Houltz Birgitta - - 2002
This study assesses the occurrence of and identifies clinical characteristics associated with the development of aberrant conduction during infusion of the I(kr)-blocker almokalant. Class III drugs may induce aberrant conduction by prolongation of cardiac repolarization, especially during atrial fibrillation (AF). Ninety-two patients with AF received a 6-hour almokalant infusion, aiming ...
Tükek Tufan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Supraventricular tachyarrhythmia is a common problem in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in COPD patients. METHODS: Forty COPD patients (38 male, 2 female, mean age 60 +/- 9 years) and 33 healthy ...
Ndrepepa Gjin - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in the left atrium (LA) is poorly defined in terms of regional differences in the degree of organization, characteristics of paroxysmal and persistent variants, and electrophysiologic events that develop at the onset of episodes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 21 patients (15 men ...
LeBlanc Michael - - 2002
We investigate methods for identifying groups of patients with different prognosis. Our focus is on procedures that yield interpretable descriptions for groups of patients and corresponding regions of the predictor space. These strategies include tree-based methods and techniques which construct a single prognostic group through 'peeling' or refining of a ...
Hayano Junichiro - - 2002
The R-R interval of the electrocardiogram during atrial fibrillation (AF) appears absolutely irregular. However, the Poincaré plot of the R-R interval reveals a sector shape of distribution that is unique to AF. Furthermore, the height of lower envelope (LE1.0) of the distribution and the degree of scatter above the envelope ...
Seidl Karlheinz - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided cardioversion to prevent thromboembolic complications in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and effective anticoagulation (International Normalized Ratio of 2 or 3) at least three weeks before cardioversion. BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography has been proposed as a method of ...
Eldor Amiram - - 2002
The efficacy of oral anticoagulants (OAC) in reducing the incidence of stroke in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has been well documented. The intensity of OAC therapy and deviations in the prothrombin time (PT) are the strongest risk factor for bleeding complications in elderly patients. The aim of this ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2002
The long-term efficacy and safety of implantable atrial defibrillator (IAD) therapy in patients with AF and cardiovascular disease is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IAD therapy in patients with and without coexisting cardiovascular disease. In 115 patients implanted with an IAD, ...
Schäfler Alfons E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Cardiomyocytes respond to stress with the expression of different heat shock proteins (HSP). HSP60 is induced by various stress factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of HSP60 in human atrial fibrillation (AF). METHOD: Right atrial samples from 14 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were ...
Roelofs Karin - - 2002
Conversion disorder has been associated with hypnotic susceptibility for over a century and is currently still believed to be a form of autohypnosis. There is, however, little empirical evidence for the relation between hypnotic susceptibility and conversion symptoms. The authors compared 50 patients with conversion disorder with 50 matched control ...
Al-Waiz Makram M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Multiple modalities are available for treating acne scars, one of which is chemical peeling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of medium-depth peels in the treatment of acne scars. METHODS: A total of 15 patients (14 women and 1 man) were seen between November 1998 and March 2000. A medium-depth ...
Al-Hazimi Awdah - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left atrial enlargement in mitral stenosis predisposes to atrial fibrillation (AF). Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) prior to the onset of an arrhythmia may show alterations in autonomic balance that are known to predispose to the development of AF. The aim of this study was to determine whether ...
Venarske Daniel L - - 2002
We contend that the presence of concomitant allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) and allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis in the same patient represents an expression of the same process of fungal hypersensitivity in the upper and lower airways. We have termed this process the SAM syndrome, an acronym for sinobronchial allergic mycosis. Diagnostic ...
Chen Mien-Cheng - - 2002
Coronary sinus (CS) pacing has been shown to prevent induction of atrial fibrillation (AF) by suppression of the propensity of atrial premature beats at high right atrium (HRA) to induce local conduction delay at the posterior triangle of Koch. However, other mechanisms of CS pacing in preventing induction of AF ...
Manfredi Roberto R Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Bologna, S. Orsola Hospital, Via Massarenti 11, I-40138 Bologna, Italy. - - 2002
To determine the efficacy of efavirenz introduction in first-line HAART compared with salvage multidrug regimens. Prospective 15 month comparison of 107 consecutive HIV-infected patients starting efavirenz, according to laboratory and clinical outcome of first-line versus rescue drug use, therapeutic history and association of selected antimicrobial agents: naive patients were compared ...
Kim Byung-Soo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We undertook this study to determine whether human atrial fibrillation (AF) relates to steeply sloped action potential duration restitution (APDR) kinetics and whether the spatial nonuniformity of APDR promotes persistence of AF. BACKGROUND: A steeply sloped APDR curve is known to be an important determinant of the induction of ...
Gupta Anoop K - - 2002
VF was observed in four patients (group A) with preexcited AF presenting to the emergency department who had been given 12 mg of adenosine. These patients were resuscitated and underwent electrophysiological study and catheter ablation of the accessory pathway (AP). In a control (group B) of five patients with manifest ...
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