Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1024
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Wang Yi-Chih - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Large-scale clinical trials have demonstrated that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), when treated with a rhythm-control strategy, are still at risk for embolic events. We hypothesized that left atrial (LA) dysfunction persisted even after successful maintenance of sinus rhythm for > 3 months. METHODS: A total of 93 patients ...
Cemin Roberto - - 2005
BACKGROUND: External electrical cardioversion (EEC) has been suggested as a cause of myocardial damage, but results from several previously published studies are conflicting. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the study was to evaluate myocardial electrical injury caused by EEC. METHODS: After elective EEC for atrial fibrillation (AF), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) ...
Brembilla-Perrot Béatrice - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The significance of atrial fibrillation or tachycardia (AF) induction remains debatable. Some believe that the presence of heart disease (HD) increases the sensitivity and decreases the specificity of programmed atrial stimulation (PAS). There are few data in patients without HD. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the ...
Sticherling Christian - - 2005
AIMS: Amiodarone and verapamil have been employed to treat immediate recurrences of AF (IRAF) after cardioversion. This study compares the efficacy of these agents for the treatment of IRAF. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-five patients underwent transthoracic cardioversion (CV) for AF. AF recurred within 10 min in 20 ...
Poli Daniela - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) is effective in reducing stroke and embolism. However, despite OAT, ischemic events do occur in some patients. Studies specifically addressing the identification of risk factors for ischemic events during well-conducted OAT are not available. In this study, ...
Shah Jaymin S - - 2005
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. More than 60% of patients with AFD have evidence for cardiac involvement; the prevalence and clinical significance of arrhythmia in AFD are unknown. Seventy-eight consecutive patients (mean age 43.5 +/- 15.0 years, ...
Lin Yenn-Jiang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of the right atrial (RA) substrate has had variable efficacy in curing paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), suggesting that RA substrate ablation can play an important role in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) in some patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics ...
Williams Simon G - - 2005
AIMS: A retrospective observational study was performed to test the hypothesis that a lower incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) would be observed in patients treated with either angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists (AIIRAs) than those without these drugs, 1-year following implantation of a dual chamber ...
Miyaji Kohei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term results of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) following percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). METHODS AND RESULTS: Four patients (2 males, age 59+/-6 years) underwent simultaneous ...
Kabbani Sami S - - 2005
Between Dec 12, 2002 and Aug 22, 2004, 84 operative patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) were subjected to AF ablation with microwave energy. Of these, 49 patients were female; their ages ranged between 20 and 72 years (mean, 43.1 years). Most patients suffered from mitral disease, accompanied in over ...
Katritsis Demosthenes G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Longitudinal studies on lone AF are rare and the incidence of hypertension in this population unknown. This study aimed at investigating the incidence of arterial hypertension in patients with apparently lone atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 292 consecutive patients presented with permanent or paroxysmal AF, 32 ...
Rho Robert W - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a significant cause of morbidity and health care expenditures. Patients with AF suffer a variety of symptoms including chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Some patients have no symptoms, a condition referred to as asymptomatic or "silent" AF. Asymptomatic AF has significant clinical implications. ...
Lemola Kristina - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The effects of left atrial (LA) circumferential ablation on LA function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been well described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of LA circumferential ablation on LA function. METHODS: Gated, multiphase, dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scans ...
Amasyali Basri - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been studied in a large patient cohort. We aimed to define the clinical features and cardiac electrophysiological characteristics of these patients, and to examine the incidence and identify predictors of ...
Kemal Mustafa - - 2005
PURPOSE: Demodex folliculorum (DF), which is frequently found in patients with chronic blepharitis, is a well-known common inhabitant of eyelash follicles. In the present study, the prevalence of DF in seborrheic blepharitis patients and controls was investigated. In addition, the associations between the presence of DF and host factors (age, ...
Wang L - - 2005
The primary aim of this study is to investigate the factors related to the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after a successful ablation of atrioventricular accessory pathway. Thirty-seven patients with spontaneous AF (study group) were selected from 401 consecutive patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrioventricular accessory pathway. A ...
Lévy Samuel - - 2005
Internal cardioversion has been developed as an alternative technique for patients who are resistant to external DC cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) and was found to be associated with higher success rates. It used initially high energies (200-300 J) delivered between an intracardiac catheter and a backplate. Subsequent studies have ...
Smith J E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the different methods of reducing body core temperature in patients with exertional heatstroke. METHODS: The search strategy included articles from 1966 to July 2003 using the databases Medline and Premedline, Embase, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) reviews, SPORTDiscus, and cross referencing the bibliographies of relevant papers. Studies were ...
Brembilla-Perrot Béatrice - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationships between stroke and atrial tachycardia or atrial fibrillation were previously reported. Electrophysiological study is one of the means, used to detect and evaluate these atrial tachyarrhythmias. But, some other arrhythmias as paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, can be induced during electrophysiologic study and their significance in stroke is unknown. ...
Tanner Hildegard - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze trigger activity in the long-term follow-up after left atrial (LA) linear ablation. BACKGROUND: Interventional strategies for curative treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) are targeted at the triggers and/or the maintaining substrate. After substrate modification using nonisolating linear lesions, the activity of ...
Hindricks Gerhard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence and impact of asymptomatic arrhythmia in patients with highly symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) who qualified for radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective study, 114 patients with at least 3 documented AF episodes together with corresponding ...
Chugh Aman - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence and ablation of coronary sinus (CS) arrhythmias after left atrial ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: The CS has been implicated in a variety of supraventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients underwent mapping and ablation of atypical flutter that developed ...
Hayashi Meiso - - 2005
Nifekalant for shock-resistant atrial fibrillation. INTRODUCTION: In severely ill patients, the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) may provoke lethal hemodynamic instability requiring immediate electrical defibrillation, which often is unsuccessful. Using the novel potassium channel blocking agent nifekalant, we prospectively assessed the hypothesis that class III antiarrhythmic drugs facilitate electrical cardioversion ...
Dilaveris Polychronis - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ibutilide and amiodarone are used for the pharmacological conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter (AFl), but their efficacy is rather moderate. METHODS: To test whether the use of ibutilide as a first-choice drug and of amiodarone as a second-line treatment provides a rapid, effective, and safe algorithm for ...
Fontes Manuel L - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in as many as one-third of patients after cardiac surgery that requires cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Recent data suggest that inflammatory infiltration of the myocardium may predispose to AF. We conducted an exploratory pilot study to determine if there was an association ...
D'Antonio James - - 2005
Three hundred twenty-eight ceramic bearings were implanted by six surgeons in 316 patients as a part of a prospective randomized US Investigational Device Exemption study comparing alumina ceramic bearings with cobalt chrome-on-polyethylene bearings. There was no difference between the control metal-on-polyethylene and the alumina bearing couple patient cohorts regarding demographics ...
Acevedo Mónica - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated to a high risk of systemic embolism. The mechanisms that contribute to thrombogenesis in these patients are still poorly understood. Systemic and/or local inflammation could be involved in the process of thrombogenesis and contribute to the perpetuation of the arrhythmia. The purpose of the ...
Bernhardt Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the prognosis of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and dense spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and to determine the incidence of cerebral embolism under continued oral anticoagulation. BACKGROUND: Patients with AF and dense SEC have an increased risk of cerebral embolism. However, there is little knowledge ...
Hagens Vincent E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare rate- and rhythm-control therapy in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and mild to moderate chronic heart failure (CHF). Rate control is not inferior to rhythm control in preventing mortality and morbidity in patients with AF. In CHF, this issue is still unsettled. ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia, occurring in 0.4% of the general population. AF has been shown to be associated with left atrial enlargement, which is considered both a cause and a consequence of the arrhythmia. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of AF on ...
Paciaroni M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for stroke. The aims of this study were to assess: (i) the frequency of known or unknown AF in patients admitted to the hospital for a first-ever ischemic stroke and whether AF is associated with an adverse outcome at ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Histological studies in animal models have showed that extensive atrial fibrosis or fatty deposition as a result of loss of atrial cardiomyocytes increases the propensity to develop atrial fibrillation (AF). Although several reports have suggested that AF in humans may be a consequence of these mechanisms, no study has ...
Ren Jian-Fang - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: A 10% incidence of left atrial (LA) thrombus formation has been detected using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) imaging monitoring during LA ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to determine if the intensity of anticoagulation reduces LA thrombus formation during pulmonary vein isolation procedure in patients ...
Thomas Martin - - 2005
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether a glucagon infusion is of benefit in patients with refractory anaphylaxis. 62 papers were found using the reported search, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group ...
Flaker Greg C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) may occur without symptoms. Little is known about demographic features and prognostic information in patients with asymptomatic AF. METHODS: In the AFFIRM study, 4060 patients were randomized to either rhythm or rate control. At baseline, patients were identified as asymptomatic if they answered "no" to a ...
Momm Felix - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Xerostomia is an important chronic side effect of radiotherapy in the head and neck area. The authors investigated the efficacy of different artificial saliva compounds in patients with postirradiation xerostomia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 120 patients with xerostomia after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer, four different ...
Senatore Gaetano - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of asymptomatic recurrences of atrial fibrillation (AF) by daily transtelephonic (TT) electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring, as compared with standard ECG and 24-h Holter recording, in patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RCA) of AF. BACKGROUND: The efficacy of RCA of ...
Ostergaard M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The precision of bolus thermodilution cardiac output measurements in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has not previously been determined. A priori we suspected that the precision would be lower in patients with AF than in patients with sinus rhythm (SR). Consequently, we also determined if the precision could be ...
Arentz Thomas - - 2005
AIMS: Two different ablation procedures are performed to cure patients of atrial fibrillation (AF): (1) the electrophysiological pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, and (2) the anatomical circumferential ablation of all four PV ostia. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of circumferential radiofrequency lesions around the ostia on ...
Watanabe Tetsu - - 2005
It has been poorly understood whether inflammation may contribute to atrial structural remodeling and increase the propensity for atrial fibrillation (AF) to persist. We investigated the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation and the development of atrial remodeling in AF. The study population comprised 50 consecutive paroxysmal AF (PAF) patients ...
Kilicaslan Fethi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of atrial flutter (AFL) after pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) in patients with previous cardiac surgery (PCS) in comparison to patients without PCS and to assess the need for AFL ablation in both groups. BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and ...
Kabukçu Mehmet - - 2005
Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased frequency of embolic events and negative impact on cardiac function, and therefore, an increased morbidity and mortality risk in patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (RMS). In the present study, the clinical, 2-D and Doppler echocardiographic, and left-and right-heart hemodynamic data ...
Treon Steven P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Rituximab is an important therapeutic for Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). Polymorphisms in FcgammaRIIIA (CD16) receptor expression modulate human immunoglobulin G1 binding and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and may therefore influence responses to rituximab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sequence analysis of the entire coding region of FcgammaRIIIA was undertaken in 58 patients with ...
Thiele Jurgen - - 2005
Patients have previously been described who showed clinical signs and symptoms suggesting essential thrombocythemia (ET), but later transformed to polycythemia vera (PV). From a series of 344 patients with a sustained borderline to moderate erythrocytosis, 44 failed to conform initially with the diagnostic criteria of the WHO for PV, because ...
Herweg Bengt - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased ostial pulmonary vein (PV) diameter and commonly with hypertension. We sought to investigate ostial PV anatomy in patients with and without AF with the goal of characterizing the relationship to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ostial PV diameter was assessed ...
Coyne Karin - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting approximately 2.2 million people in the US. The presentation of AF ranges from asymptomatic to severely symptomatic. When symptomatic, AF has been shown to have an adverse impact on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) and to result in increased healthcare ...
Gu Y H - - 2005
Menkes disease (MNK) is a lethal, X-linked recessive disorder of copper metabolism dominated by neurodegenerative symptoms and connective tissue disturbances. The incidence of MNK in Asia is not known. Most patients die by the age of 3 years if adequate treatment is not carried out. Early parenteral administration of copper ...
Reischig Tomás - - 2005
AIMS: To compare the efficacy, costs and safety of oral ganciclovir and valacyclovir in the prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in renal transplant (RTx) recipients at high risk of CMV disease. METHODS: A total of 83 patients were prospectively randomized to 3-month treatment with either oral ganciclovir (3 g/day) or ...
Causse Xavier - - 2005
AIM: The survey conducted in the Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region in France in 1999 showed that 38% of patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) receiving interferon injections in their home were aware of the recommendations concerning the disposal of injection material and that 41% of the needles were discarded ...
Rostock Thomas - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary veins (PVs) are the predominant location of triggers for atrial fibrillation (AF), but little is known about the electrophysiologic properties of PVs. In addition, the influence of amiodarone on the electrophysiologic properties of PVs has not been elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-five patients with symptomatic and drug-resistant AF ...
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