Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1509
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Hebbard P C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) results from truncating mutations of the CDH1 (E-cadherin) gene. It is an autosomal dominant cancer susceptibility syndrome with a lifetime risk of diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) of 60-80%, with a mean age of onset of 37 years. There exists no adequate screening test for ...
Oezcelik Arzu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ischemia of the gastric conduit remains an important complication of esophagectomy and is associated with an increased risk of anastomotic leak and sepsis. We report a group of patients with multiple comorbid conditions and an ischemic gastric conduit that was successfully managed by a delayed esophagogastrostomy. STUDY DESIGN: Between ...
Vakil Nimish - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Current guidelines recommend empirical, noninvasive approaches to manage dyspeptic patients without alarm symptoms, but concerns about missed lesions persist; the cost savings afforded by noninvasive approaches must be weighed against treatment delays. We investigated the prevalence of malignancies and other serious abnormalities in patients with dyspepsia and ...
Cirne-Lima Fernando K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of Her-2/Neu-cerbb-2 in the gastric mucosa of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma in a brazilian patient group. METHODS: The immunohistochemical expression of Her-2/Neu was studied in 37 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections. RESULTS: The immunohistochemical reaction produced by the anti-HER-2/Neu antibody was positive in two cases (5.4%). ...
Sumida Tomonori - - 2009
The aim of this study was to clarify predictive factors for response to eradication therapy in cases of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-positive API2-MALT1-negative gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Sixty-six patients who were examined for H. pylori infection and the presence of the API2-MALT1 chimeric transcript and who underwent H. ...
Alonso N?ria - - 2009
Type A chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is increased in type 1 diabetic patients (DM1). To address this issue, we determined and analyzed the number of peripheral blood regulatory T cells (Tregs) in 15 DM1-CAG patients, 15 DM1 patients without associated autoantibodies (DM1) and 15 healthy controls by flow cytometry and ...
Anaparthy Rajeswari - - 2009
PURPOSE: The natural history and outcome of patients with gastroparesis is not well known. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical or pathophysiological characteristics, if any, that may be helpful in predicting therapeutic response in this condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of a cohort of ...
Petridis Athanasios K - - 2009
We present a patient with progressive weakness over months caused by untreated hyponatraemia. When hyponatraemia became severe, the patient could not move without help, was lethargic and had endocrinological dysfunction. Symptomatic therapy brought no improvement. MRI of the brain showed empty sella with gross herniation of the optic chiasma, gyrus ...
de Vries Annemarie C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of intestinal metaplasia (IM) of the gastric mucosa should be limited to patients at high risk of gastric cancer. Patients with extensive IM are at increased cancer risk; however, the intragastric extent of IM is usually unknown at the time of the initial diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ...
Alonso Núria - - 2009
Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) have an increased prevalence of associated organ-specific autoimmune diseases such as pernicious anemia whose histological substrate is a chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Latent pernicious anemia precedes clinically-manifest pernicious anemia and may be difficult to detect solely on simple analytical grounds. We recently described ...
Fancy Tanya - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare Helicobacter pylori prevalence rates in the nasopharynx of pediatric patients with and without otitis media with effusion (OME). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, controlled. METHODS: The study group consisted of patients undergoing adenoidectomy for persistent OME. A control group of patients with no history of OME undergoing adenoidectomy was ...
Rezende Rosamar Eulira Fontes - - 2009
Primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a co-morbidity that can be observed during the clinical course of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We evaluated the prevalence, clinical-evolutive aspects and form of endoscopic presentation of primary gastric NHL associated with AIDS. Two hundred and forty-three HIV patients were submitted to upper digestive ...
Placzkowski Kimberly A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess changes in the presentation and diagnostic and radiological evaluation of patients with surgically confirmed insulinoma at the Mayo Clinic 1987-2007. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with insulinoma was conducted. Patients with prior gastric bypass were excluded. RESULTS: A total of ...
Abdel Hafez Hisham
<b>Background:</b> Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated form of hair loss that occurs in all ethnic groups, ages, and both sexes. <i> Helicobacter pylori</i> has been associated with many extra-digestive dermatological conditions. The causal relation between alopecia areata and <i> Helicobacter pylori</i> is discussed in this study. <b> Materials and ...
Janeczko Cassandra Emily - - 2009
Maintenance of a patient's international normalised ratio (INR) within the appropriate target range remains a challenge in clinical practice. The effects of concurrent medication, alcohol and compliance on stable control are well documented. Recent evidence also shows that supplemental vitamin K in patients with low body stores improves the stability ...
Kohan Emil - - 2009
Objectives. Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome (ZES) results in hypersecretion of gastric acid (via gastrinoma) leading to peptic ulcers, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. We describe the novel discovery of hypertrophic, heterotopic gastric mucosa in the proximal duodenal bulb in patients with ZES, which we hypothesize results in an increased incidence of postbulbar ulcers ...
Shindo Tomotaka - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS), the two subtypes of functional dyspepsia (FD) under the new Rome III classification, tend to overlap with those of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Plasma ghrelin levels have been associated with gastric motility; however, clinical studies ...
Lee K J - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ghrelin affects gastric motility. However, little is known about the role of ghrelin in the pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD). We investigated plasma ghrelin levels and their relationship with gastric emptying time in dysmotility-like FD patients. METHODS: 42 patients with dysmotility-like FD and 14 healthy volunteers were enrolled in ...
Kobata Yasunori - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of gastric mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed on 100 RA patients treated with NSAIDs. Patient factors potentially contributing to the development of NSAID-induced gastric mucosal injury ...
Shiota Seiji - - 2009
PURPOSE: The 2005 ACG guidelines for the management of dyspepsia recommend eradication and proton pump inhibitors for patients who are H. pylori-positive and-negative, respectively. To establish Japanese guidelines for dyspepsia, we evaluated H. pylori status and endoscopic findings among outpatients with dyspepsia. METHODS: The status of H. pylori in dyspeptic ...
Abdel Hafez Hisham Zayan - - 2009
Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated form of hair loss that occurs in all ethnic groups, ages, and both sexes. Helicobacter pylori has been associated with many extra-digestive dermatological conditions. The causal relation between alopecia areata and Helicobacter pylori is discussed in this study. We have screened for the presence ...
Jain Richa - - 2010
A 25-year-old patient presented with epigastric pain, which on gastric biopsy revealed the characteristic appearance of collagenous gastritis. There was a thick prominent subepithelial band that was confirmed to be collagen with a Masson's trichrome stain. There was associated Helicobacter pylori gastritis but no evidence of a lymphocytic gastritis. The ...
Koussoulas V - - 2009
The present study aimed to investigate the role of gastric mucosa for the secretion of interleukin (IL)-23 in chronic gastritis. One hundred and one patients were enrolled; 47 with duodenal ulcer, 33 with gastric ulcer and 31 with chronic gastritis. Biopsies were incubated in the absence/presence of endotoxins. Supernatants were ...
Metugriachuk Yussef - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of a hydro-alcoholic solution of a phytocompound based on Gentianae, Cinchonae, Absinthii and Cinnamomi on gastric emptying in Helicobacter pylori-negative dyspeptic patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 24 patients with a diagnosis of long-standing dismotility-like functional dyspepsia. ...
Dutta Sudhir K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the frequency of upper gastrointestinal symptoms and associated disorders in morbidly obese patients with endoscopy and histology prior to their gastric bypass surgery in comparison with age- and sex-matched nonobese control subjects. METHODS: All patients who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gastric bypass for treatment of ...
Debnath D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Carcinoid tumour of appendix is an uncommon condition that can potentially give rise to a variation in management. We aimed to assess the occurrence and mode of presentation of carcinoid tumour of appendix, and any variation of its management. METHODS: All appendicectomies that took place at North Middlesex University ...
Mittal Bhagwant Rai - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Patients with caustic ingestion may develop esophageal and/or gastric cicatrization. OBJECTIVE: Scintigraphic assessment of liquid gastric emptying time in patients with caustic ingestion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with caustic-induced esophageal cicatrization attending the gastroenterology clinic of our institute were studied (patients with age >or=60 years, earlier gastric surgery, ...
Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei; Department ...
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori causes chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer, non-cardia gastric cancer and mucosal&ndash; associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Different genotypes of&nbsp; Helicobacter pylori are confirmed from disease geographical areas. Its association with clinical disease remained controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of the ...
Dolezal J - - 2008
AIM AND BACKGROUND: We report our experience of the detection of ectopic gastric mucosa by means of perfusion Tc-99m pertechnetate disodium scintigraphy in patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastric mucosa may be present in Meckel's diverticulum and is associated with peptic ulcer disease and lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding; Tc-99m pertechnetate ...
Mortazavi Fakhrossadat - - 2008
The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of GI symptoms, endoscopic abnormalities, histologic gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection in children with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Upper endoscopy and gastric biopsy were performed in 31 consecutive ESRD children from 2002-2007, before renal transplantation. H. ...
Dhamija Radhika - - 2008
Autoimmune gastrointestinal dysmotility is a limited autoimmune dysautonomia occurring idiopathically or in the context of an anatomically remote neoplasm, previously documented or unsuspected. Here we report 24 Mayo Clinic patients in whom the profile of serum autoantibodies aided this diagnosis. All patients were ascertained serologically in the course of service ...
Bures Jan - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this prospective study was to characterize gastric myoelectrical activity in patients with Roux-en-Y reconstruction after previous Billroth gastrectomy. METHODOLOGY: Thirteen patients entered the study (6 men and 7 women, aged 35-57). The mean time from Roux-en-Y reconstruction to electrogastrography (EGG) recording was 5 years. Surface cutaneous ...
Kimura Yoshinobu - - 2008
Abdominal computed tomography aids in the evaluation of the conditions in the stomach and will decrease needless gastric lavage in acute poisoning patients. A 16-year-old girl with a history of schizophrenia with depressive disorder was taken to our hospital. Her Glasgow Coma Scale was 8. Symptoms related to anticholinergic effects ...
Mong Cindy - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery undergo screening esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD) during preoperative evaluation. The hypothesis is to examine the utility of this examination. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of clinically significant upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract findings at screening EGD in patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y ...
Naeger David M - - 2008
The purpose of our study was to characterize the clinical and radiographic features of the hyperirritable stomach and to determine if it is associated with extraintestinal causes of nausea and vomiting in the absence of gastric outlet obstruction, gastroparesis, or intestinal obstruction or ileus. The hyperirritable stomach was characterized on ...
Song Moo-Kon - - 2008
We initiated this study to investigate whether combining Helicobacter pylori eradication with immunosuppressive therapy provides an additional benefit to patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) that has relapsed or has not responded to steroid and/or danazol therapy in patients who have H. pylori infection. Thirty- four patients with chronic ITP ...
Orth Whitney S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Gastric bypass surgery has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for morbid obesity. Unfortunately, not all patients have the same weight loss after surgery. It may be that the more informed patients will have more weight loss than less informed patients. No study has investigated the relationship between ...
Lutrzykowski Marek - - 2008
Multiple bariatric operations performed on the same patient can cause loss of normal peristaltic function of the stomach. Bariatric revisions, especially when combined with previous truncal vagotomy, can lead to functional gastric obstruction. These patients complain of severe nausea and intractable vomiting. This can cause excessive weight loss and malnutrition, ...
Vasconcelos Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito - - 2008
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of superficial lesions in the oral cavity mucosa in diabetic patients. METHODS: The sample was made of 30 patients. To obtain these results we did rigorous clinical and complementary tests. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients, 9 (30%) were males and 21 ...
Rocco A - - 2008
Celiac disease (CD) patients show a number of gastrointestinal motor abnormalities. Ghrelin, a gastric peptide implicated in short-term feeding control and long-term body weight regulation, has been recently considered a key regulator of gastric motility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the gastric emptying rate of solids and ...
Noar Mark D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reflux is a common medical condition with symptoms ordinarily controlled using drug/medical therapy. However, 20% of patients experience unmanageable symptoms despite twice-daily (BID) proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Growing clinical evidence shows that delayed gastric emptying (gastroparesis) may be a factor associated with severe reflux, dyspepsia, or both. Gastroparesis, ...
Abou Holw Sahar A - - 2008
The impact of concomitant S. mansoni infection on H. pylori induced gastritis was studied in twenty patients infected exclusively with H. pylori. The patients were compared with twenty patients coinfected with the bacteria and S. mansoni and twelve patients with schistosomiasis alone. All patients were subjected to clinical, parasitological, endoscopic ...
Cvorovic Ljiljana - - 2008
Investigation of Helicobacter pylori (HP) colonization in the nasal polyp specimens of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). A prospective clinical trial. The study was performed in 23 adult patients with sinonasal polyposis and 15 controls with concha bullosa (CB) who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery. In all patients, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) ...
Orhan Irfan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To define a novel technique in the diagnosis of partial and complete ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). METHODS: Twenty men with suspected EDO were initially evaluated by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Subsequently, all patients underwent TRUS-guided seminal vesicle (SV) scintigraphy. Technetium Tc 99m sulphur colloid solution was injected into each SV ...
Antiel Ryan M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships between gastric emptying, autonomic function, and postural tachycardia in adolescent patients with nausea and/or abdominal discomfort. It was hypothesized that patients with both gastrointestinal symptoms and symptoms of orthostatic intolerance are more likely to show abnormal tilt table results and delayed gastric emptying. PATIENTS AND ...
de Moura Almeida Alessandro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been shown to be an important risk factor for several gastrointestinal diseases. However, the indication for preoperative upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) for all patients before bariatric surgery is controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the spectrum of gastrointestinal diseases detected during preoperative UGE ...
Calvete José O - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This prospective non-interventional study intended to assess the prognostic value of gastric intramucosal acidosis in patients with severe trauma admitted to a medical/surgical ICU. METHODS: Gastric tonometer catheters were introduced to measure air PCO2 level (Tonocap device) in forty consecutive critically ill trauma patients. Gastric intramucosal pH, air PCO2 ...
Cocanour Christine S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastric function in trauma patients is poorly understood. In animals, shock causes gastric luminal alkalinization and bile reflux. In trauma patients, studies of stress gastritis prophylaxis demonstrated with continuous gastric pH monitoring that the stomach became alkaline even without antisecretory therapy. Therefore, we hypothesized that trauma patients have an ...
Tominaga Kazunari - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We simultaneously examined the reservoir function of the stomach as well as emptying by one single assessment for gastric emptying, and investigated their association in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Next, we examined the interaction between the association and abdominal symptoms. METHODOLOGY: Sixty-one FD patients according to the Rome ...
Kamino Daisuke - - 2008
Although patients with functional dyspepsia complain of epigastric symptoms, the relation between these symptoms and gastric motility remains controversial. There are few reports on the clinical course of functional dyspepsia, including changes in gastric motility, observed over a considerably long period. We conducted a study to examine association between changes ...
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