Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1512
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Kawasaki Kentaro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The area near the left gastric vein (LGV) is a challenging site at which to perform dissection of the lymph nodes during gastrectomy. Therefore, knowledge of the precise location of the LGV is important. The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) ...
Alsharif Abedallatif A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To derive the normal reference values for Middle East population using a standard method, and to validate its performance in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: A prospective study was designed to derive gastric emptying parameters in 36 healthy control subjects. We measured the lag phase, half time, and gastric retention at ...
Valavi Ehsan - - 2010
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common hereditary disease in Iran. In developed countries, newborn screening programs have been established to ensure early diagnosis, but in most developing countries, screening is not performed and the diagnosis is often delayed. The aim of the present work was to investigate the clinical ...
Ikeguchi Masahide - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients diagnosed with early gastric cancer located in the middle third of the stomach have two major surgical options, namely a conventional distal gastrectomy with Billroth I anastomosis (DG) or a pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG). Pyloruspreserving gastrectomy is thought to have greater functional benefits than DG, but the evaluation of ...
Hongo Michio - - 2010
To investigate the development of fundic gland polyp (FGP) and gastric hyperplastic polyp (HPP) during long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and risk factors of each polyp via patient status in a multicenter prospective study. The risk of developing FGP may increase during long-term PPI therapy. However, the association with ...
Harberson Justin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pathologic assessment of gastric tissue in patients with gastroparesis is limited. Aims To evaluate gastric histopathology in patients with gastroparesis. METHODS: Full-thickness antral biopsies were obtained in 28 patients with gastroparesis. Control specimens were obtained from patients undergoing gastric resection. H&E and immunohistochemical stained slides were reviewed for the ...
Qu Yang - - 2010
The effect of Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (JWXYS) decoction on patients with functional dyspepsia was studied by means of electrogastrography (EGG) and symptoms of dyspepsia were assessed. Twenty patients with functional dyspepsia were selected; before and after internal treatment with JWXYS, the integrated symptoms of the patients were down-regulated from 18.55 +/- 3.24 ...
Maalouf Naim M - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with an increased risk of nephrolithiasis but obesity itself is a known risk factor for kidney stones. To assess the mechanism(s) predisposing to nephrolithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass we compared urinary tract stone risk profiles in patients who underwent the procedure and normal obese ...
Khayyam U U Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2010
Symptoms of gastroparesis based on patient recall correlate poorly with gastric emptying. The aim of this study is to determine if symptoms recorded during gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) correlate with gastric emptying and with symptoms based on patient recall. Patients undergoing GES completed the Patient Assessment of GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM) ...
Ingraham Kristin M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who have gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), to further characterize this disease association, and to identify factors that may predict which patients with SSc are at greatest risk for the development of GAVE. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of both SSc and ...
Alagozlu Hakan H Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University Hospital, Ankara 06500, Turkey. - - 2010
To determine the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and globus sensation (GS) in the patients with cervical inlet patch. Sixty-eight patients with esophageal inlet patches were identified from 6760 consecutive patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy prospectively. In these 68 patients with cervical inlet patches, symptoms of globus sensation (lump ...
Al-Jundi Wissam - - 2010
Excessive anticoagulation with warfarin may contribute to certain complications, including bleeding into body cavities. Haemopericardiac tamponade secondary to warfarin is rare outside cardiac surgery. The present report describes an unusual presentation of spontaneous cardiac tamponade in a patient on warfarin and recently treated for chest infection with erythromycin. The patient ...
Larsen Junilla K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A low quality of life has been regarded a cue to action. Some patients with unsuccessful weight loss after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) undergo a conversion of gastric banding to gastric by-pass. This study examines whether patients who did or did not undergo conversion to gastric bypass differed ...
Diamantidis Michael D - - 2010
To determine the frequency of Helicobacter pylori infection (Hp-I) in 73 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and 40 controls, serologic analyses of Hp and ¹³C-urease breath tests (INFAI) were performed. Gastric mucosal biopsy specimens were obtained to determine the presence of Hp-I using a rapid urease test, i.e. the Campylobacter-like ...
Swenson David W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the utility of barium studies after adjustments of laparoscopically inserted gastric bands and to identify a threshold stomal diameter for predicting which bands should be loosened because of excessive tightening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 246 patients with laparoscopically inserted ...
Zheng Bin - - 2010
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cardia has recently increased. This study compared the clinicopathology and prognosis of patients with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma in different periods between 1984 and 2003. A total of 589 patients with pathologically confirmed gastric cardia adenocarcinoma hospitalized in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 1984 ...
Moon Sung-Woo - - 2010
A 53-year-old male visited our emergency department after ingesting an unknown amount of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide. At presentation, he was hypotensive with reduced conscious level. Despite resuscitation, he died about 6 h after admission. On simple radiography, it was found that the patient had diffused gastric emphysema. We assumed ...
Medina Myriam-Lucrecia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to determine the simultaneous presence of H. pylori in both the oral cavity and gastric mucosal in patients suffering digestive pathologies and to establish the possible association between the presence of H. pylori in the oral cavity and the gingivoperiodontal pathology. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with gastric symptoms (case group) ...
Al-Mashat F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this analysis was to evaluate our management and outcome of eight cases of Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule of the umbilicus (SMJN). METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, we collected eight cases of SMJN and their clinical data were studied in a retrospective manner. RESULTS: The mean age ...
Tsurumaru Daisuke - - 2010
To clarify the endoscopic mucosal change of the stomach caused by Lugol's iodine solution spray on screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Sixty-four consecutive patients who underwent EGD for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma screening were included in this study. The records for these patients included gastric mucosa findings before and after Lugol's iodine ...
Al Aisari Faiza - - 2010
This study aims to assess the usefulness of serum holotranscobalamin (holoTC), the fraction of vitamin B12 that is available for tissue uptake, compared with total vitamin B12 in patients investigated for vitamin B12 disorders. Serum samples were randomly selected from 76 patients (48 females, 28 males; age range 12-69 years) ...
Hejazi Reza A - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the current incidence and identify the current etiologies of rapid gastric emptying (dumping syndrome) in patients with a spectrum of gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea. METHODS: The results for a 4-h radionuclide gastric emptying test (GET) using a standardized scintigraphic technique were reviewed ...
Akamizu Takashi - - 2010
The majority of patients with dyspepsia have no identifiable cause of their disease, leading to a diagnosis of functional dyspepsia (FD). While a number of different factors affect gut activity, components of the nervous and endocrine systems are essential for normal gut function. Communication between the brain and gut occurs ...
Khoshbaten Manouchehr - - 2010
Non-alcoholic fatty liver change is a common disease of the liver in which oxidative stress plays a basic role. Studies are largely focused on protecting the liver by means of anti-oxidative material. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of N- acetylcysteine in the process of liver ...
Futagami Seiji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) patients are less sensitive to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment than patients with erosive reflux disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with prokinetics in addition to omeprazole therapy would improve clinical symptoms, gastric emptying and ...
Rostami-Nejad M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: we assessed the prevalence, the related symptoms, and the endoscopic and histologic gastric features of celiac disease (CD) in patients with Helicobacter pylori (Hp). METHODS: 450 dyspeptic patients were studied. Biopsies of gastric antrum and duodenum, CD serology, and total IgA were obtained. Histological findings were scored with the ...
Chacón M - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to develop a classifier able to discriminate between healthy controls and dyspeptic patients by analysis of their electrogastrograms. Fifty-six electrogastrograms were analyzed, corresponding to 42 dyspeptic patients and 14 healthy controls. The original signals were subsampled, filtered and divided into the pre-, post-, ...
Gao Xin-Yuan - - 2010
Obestatin is a recently discovered gastrointestinal hormone. It might play a role in the pathophysiology of obesity. We tried to investigate the expression of obestatin in gastric body mucosa in overweight (BMI>or=24 kg/m(2))/obese (BMI>or=28 kg/m(2)) patients. Thirty overweight/obese patients and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Biopsy specimens ...
Lahner Edith - - 2009
Pernicious anemia (PA) is a macrocytic anemia that is caused by vitamin B(12) deficiency, as a result of intrinsic factor deficiency. PA is associated with atrophic body gastritis (ABG), whose diagnosis is based on histological confirmation of gastric body atrophy. Serological markers that suggest oxyntic mucosa damage are increased fasting ...
Feteih R - - 2009
In this study, endoscopy patients with and without chronic liver disease (CLD) were examined and tested for Helicobacter pylori infection by detecting the presence of serum and salivary anti-H. pylori antibody. The validity of these measures was compared with Campylobacter-like organism analysis (gold standard) performed on patients requiring gastric biopsy. ...
Keller Jutta - - 2009
It is unclear why patients with inflammation of the distal bowel complain of symptoms referable to the upper gastrointestinal tract, specifically to gastric emptying (GE) disturbances. Thus we aimed to determine occurrence and putative pathomechanisms of gastric motor disorders in such patients. Thirteen healthy subjects (CON), 13 patients with Crohn's ...
Dickerson Roland N - - 2009
Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have delayed gastric emptying and often require prokinetic drug therapy to improve enteral feeding tolerance. The authors hypothesized that metoclopramide was less efficacious for improving gastric feeding tolerance for trauma patients with TBI compared to trauma patients without TBI. A retrospective analysis was conducted ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Rikkunshito is used to treat functional dyspepsia in adults. This study investigated the effects of rikkunshito on delayed gastric emptying in handicapped patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in nine profoundly handicapped patients (aged 1-19 years). All were diagnosed with delayed gastric emptying based on their half gastric ...
Homma Yoichiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Positive peritoneal washing cytology (PWC) has been reported to be a poor prognostic factor for gastric cancer. Japanese gastric cancer classifications recommend PWC in Douglas' pouch for advanced gastric cancer. However, the sensitivity of PWC is relatively low. The goal of this study was to investigate whether PWC in ...
Abdullah Murdani M Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jalan Diponegoro No. 71, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia. - - 2009
To compare the effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on gastropathy between Indonesian and Japanese patients. Biopsy specimens were obtained during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from 167 subjects (125 Indonesians and 42 Japanese) with uninvestigated symptoms of dyspepsia. The specimens were analyzed for the presence of H. pylori using urease ...
Sarosiek I - - 2010
Wireless pH and pressure motility capsule (wireless motility capsule) technology provides a method to assess regional gastrointestinal transit times. To analyse data from a multi-centre study of gastroparetic patients and healthy controls and to compare regional transit times measured by wireless motility capsule in healthy controls and gastroparetics (GP). A ...
Jones Andrea N - - 2009
A disruption in any part of the vitamin D physiological pathway can result in vitamin D deficiency, which may lead to bone pain, muscle weakness, falls, low bone mass, and fractures. Recognizing the signs and symptoms helps physicians make a proper diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Physicians should suspect osteomalacia ...
El Ali Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Antiparietal cells antibodies (APC-Ab) are commonly found in patients with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD), usually pointing to autoimmune atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia. The autoaggression to the gastric proton pumpmay result in a long-term hypergastrinemia, which predisposes to enterochromaffin-like cell hyper/dysplasia and gastric carcinoids. AIM: We evaluated the clinical ...
Moon Aeri - - 2009
The role of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial, particularly in children, because there are limited published data. Adult studies suggested that H pylori infection may protect against GERD by causing atrophic gastritis, which leads to reduced gastric acid secretion. The objective of our study ...
Keller Jutta - - 2009
Objective: It is unclear why patients with inflammation of the distal bowel complain of symptoms referable to the upper gastrointestinal tract, specifically to gastric emptying (GE) disturbances. Thus, we aimed to determine occurrence and putative pathomechanisms of gastric motor disorders in such patients. Methods: 13 healthy subjects (CON), 13 patients ...
Sakakibara Yumi - - 2009
The electrogastrogram (EGG) was recorded for 24 hours in 17 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, 17 multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients, and 8 healthy control subjects to elucidate the differences in the EGG findings between the two diseases. Eight EGG segments (3 preprandial, 3 postprandial, and 2 sleep segments) were selected ...
Abou Holw Sahar A - - 2009
Giardiasis is one of the most common enteroprotozoal diseases; its association with Helicobacter pylori is a common clinical finding. This work studied the impact of such association. Fifty giardiasis patients were classified into two groups according to the concomitant presence of H. pylori and ten normal healthy controls were also ...
Luo Jiing-Chyuan - - 2009
Whether glucocorticoids induce gastric mucosal injury remains uncertain. We investigated whether very high-dose steroids caused gastric mucosal injury in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients and evaluated the possible risk factors for mucosal injury. In this prospective paired study, 67 SLE patients who had received pulse methylprednisolone therapy were enrolled. Each ...
Attia E A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous disease of unknown aetiology, which may involve the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa. The association of Helicobacter pylori with LP has been a subject of debate. AIM: To investigate upper GI findings and the presence of H. pylori in GI mucosa and oral LP (OLP). ...
Lin Z - - 2010
Our goal was to investigate associations between the status of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and electrogastrogram (EGG) parameters, gastric emptying and symptoms in a large cohort of patients with gastroparesis. Forty-one patients with refractory gastroparesis who were referred for gastric electrical stimulation (GES) underwent full thickness gastric (antrum) biopsy ...
de Arruda Severino Marcos Borba - - 2009
CONTEXT: It still remains an open debate whether Helicobacter pylori eradication is beneficial or not for the improvement of symptoms in functional dyspepsia. Differences in geographic distribution, the worldwide H. pylori genetic variability and the fact that the outcome of infection is strongly related to the virulence of the infecting ...
Sawhney S A - - 2009
A curious association of three rare tumours was described by Carney in 1977. 'Carney's triad' characteristically includes multifocal pulmonary chondroma, gastric stromal sarcoma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Patients may exhibit complete or incomplete expression of the triad. Carney acknowledged that, of 79 patients, only 17 possessed all three tumours. We report ...
Smith Brian R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether very young patients with gastric adenocarcinoma as compared with older patients with the disease have a biologically more aggressive form of the disease, presenting at an advanced stage and conferring unusually poor perioperative and long-term outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: A 15-year, single-institution, retrospective review and ...
Yap Y L - - 2009
Patients with common variable immunodeficiency syndrome (CVID) have an increased risk of gastric adenocarcinoma. We describe a case of gastric adenocarcinoma in a 29-year-old man with CVID. He complained of dyspepsia and weight loss. Endoscopy showed an antral lesion. He underwent subtotal gastrectomy with postoperative adjuvant chemoradiation, and remained disease-free ...
Sokmensuer Cenk - - 2009
There is no widely accepted histopathological definition for nodular gastritis. In this study we aim to uncover the pathologic entity responsible for the nodular appearance and to find clues about the clinical implications of nodular gastritis. Antral biopsy specimens of 160 patients with nodular gastritis and 133 patients without nodular ...
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