Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1497
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Diamantidis Michael D - - 2010
To determine the frequency of Helicobacter pylori infection (Hp-I) in 73 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and 40 controls, serologic analyses of Hp and ¹³C-urease breath tests (INFAI) were performed. Gastric mucosal biopsy specimens were obtained to determine the presence of Hp-I using a rapid urease test, i.e. the Campylobacter-like ...
Swenson David W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the utility of barium studies after adjustments of laparoscopically inserted gastric bands and to identify a threshold stomal diameter for predicting which bands should be loosened because of excessive tightening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 246 patients with laparoscopically inserted ...
Zheng Bin - - 2010
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cardia has recently increased. This study compared the clinicopathology and prognosis of patients with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma in different periods between 1984 and 2003. A total of 589 patients with pathologically confirmed gastric cardia adenocarcinoma hospitalized in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 1984 ...
Moon Sung-Woo - - 2010
A 53-year-old male visited our emergency department after ingesting an unknown amount of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide. At presentation, he was hypotensive with reduced conscious level. Despite resuscitation, he died about 6 h after admission. On simple radiography, it was found that the patient had diffused gastric emphysema. We assumed ...
Medina Myriam-Lucrecia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to determine the simultaneous presence of H. pylori in both the oral cavity and gastric mucosal in patients suffering digestive pathologies and to establish the possible association between the presence of H. pylori in the oral cavity and the gingivoperiodontal pathology. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with gastric symptoms (case group) ...
Al-Mashat F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this analysis was to evaluate our management and outcome of eight cases of Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule of the umbilicus (SMJN). METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, we collected eight cases of SMJN and their clinical data were studied in a retrospective manner. RESULTS: The mean age ...
Tsurumaru Daisuke - - 2010
To clarify the endoscopic mucosal change of the stomach caused by Lugol's iodine solution spray on screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Sixty-four consecutive patients who underwent EGD for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma screening were included in this study. The records for these patients included gastric mucosa findings before and after Lugol's iodine ...
Al Aisari Faiza - - 2010
This study aims to assess the usefulness of serum holotranscobalamin (holoTC), the fraction of vitamin B12 that is available for tissue uptake, compared with total vitamin B12 in patients investigated for vitamin B12 disorders. Serum samples were randomly selected from 76 patients (48 females, 28 males; age range 12-69 years) ...
Hejazi Reza A - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the current incidence and identify the current etiologies of rapid gastric emptying (dumping syndrome) in patients with a spectrum of gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea. METHODS: The results for a 4-h radionuclide gastric emptying test (GET) using a standardized scintigraphic technique were reviewed ...
Akamizu Takashi - - 2010
The majority of patients with dyspepsia have no identifiable cause of their disease, leading to a diagnosis of functional dyspepsia (FD). While a number of different factors affect gut activity, components of the nervous and endocrine systems are essential for normal gut function. Communication between the brain and gut occurs ...
Khoshbaten Manouchehr - - 2010
Non-alcoholic fatty liver change is a common disease of the liver in which oxidative stress plays a basic role. Studies are largely focused on protecting the liver by means of anti-oxidative material. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of N- acetylcysteine in the process of liver ...
Futagami Seiji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) patients are less sensitive to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment than patients with erosive reflux disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with prokinetics in addition to omeprazole therapy would improve clinical symptoms, gastric emptying and ...
Rostami-Nejad M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: we assessed the prevalence, the related symptoms, and the endoscopic and histologic gastric features of celiac disease (CD) in patients with Helicobacter pylori (Hp). METHODS: 450 dyspeptic patients were studied. Biopsies of gastric antrum and duodenum, CD serology, and total IgA were obtained. Histological findings were scored with the ...
Chacón M - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to develop a classifier able to discriminate between healthy controls and dyspeptic patients by analysis of their electrogastrograms. Fifty-six electrogastrograms were analyzed, corresponding to 42 dyspeptic patients and 14 healthy controls. The original signals were subsampled, filtered and divided into the pre-, post-, ...
Gao Xin-Yuan - - 2010
Obestatin is a recently discovered gastrointestinal hormone. It might play a role in the pathophysiology of obesity. We tried to investigate the expression of obestatin in gastric body mucosa in overweight (BMI>or=24 kg/m(2))/obese (BMI>or=28 kg/m(2)) patients. Thirty overweight/obese patients and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Biopsy specimens ...
Lahner Edith - - 2009
Pernicious anemia (PA) is a macrocytic anemia that is caused by vitamin B(12) deficiency, as a result of intrinsic factor deficiency. PA is associated with atrophic body gastritis (ABG), whose diagnosis is based on histological confirmation of gastric body atrophy. Serological markers that suggest oxyntic mucosa damage are increased fasting ...
Feteih R - - 2009
In this study, endoscopy patients with and without chronic liver disease (CLD) were examined and tested for Helicobacter pylori infection by detecting the presence of serum and salivary anti-H. pylori antibody. The validity of these measures was compared with Campylobacter-like organism analysis (gold standard) performed on patients requiring gastric biopsy. ...
Keller Jutta - - 2009
It is unclear why patients with inflammation of the distal bowel complain of symptoms referable to the upper gastrointestinal tract, specifically to gastric emptying (GE) disturbances. Thus we aimed to determine occurrence and putative pathomechanisms of gastric motor disorders in such patients. Thirteen healthy subjects (CON), 13 patients with Crohn's ...
Dickerson Roland N - - 2009
Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have delayed gastric emptying and often require prokinetic drug therapy to improve enteral feeding tolerance. The authors hypothesized that metoclopramide was less efficacious for improving gastric feeding tolerance for trauma patients with TBI compared to trauma patients without TBI. A retrospective analysis was conducted ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Rikkunshito is used to treat functional dyspepsia in adults. This study investigated the effects of rikkunshito on delayed gastric emptying in handicapped patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in nine profoundly handicapped patients (aged 1-19 years). All were diagnosed with delayed gastric emptying based on their half gastric ...
Homma Yoichiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Positive peritoneal washing cytology (PWC) has been reported to be a poor prognostic factor for gastric cancer. Japanese gastric cancer classifications recommend PWC in Douglas' pouch for advanced gastric cancer. However, the sensitivity of PWC is relatively low. The goal of this study was to investigate whether PWC in ...
Abdullah Murdani - - 2009
AIM: To compare the effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on gastropathy between Indonesian and Japanese patients. METHODS: Biopsy specimens were obtained during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from 167 subjects (125 Indonesians and 42 Japanese) with uninvestigated symptoms of dyspepsia. The specimens were analyzed for the presence of H. pylori ...
Sarosiek I - - 2010
Wireless pH and pressure motility capsule (wireless motility capsule) technology provides a method to assess regional gastrointestinal transit times. To analyse data from a multi-centre study of gastroparetic patients and healthy controls and to compare regional transit times measured by wireless motility capsule in healthy controls and gastroparetics (GP). A ...
Jones Andrea N - - 2009
A disruption in any part of the vitamin D physiological pathway can result in vitamin D deficiency, which may lead to bone pain, muscle weakness, falls, low bone mass, and fractures. Recognizing the signs and symptoms helps physicians make a proper diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Physicians should suspect osteomalacia ...
El Ali Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Antiparietal cells antibodies (APC-Ab) are commonly found in patients with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD), usually pointing to autoimmune atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia. The autoaggression to the gastric proton pumpmay result in a long-term hypergastrinemia, which predisposes to enterochromaffin-like cell hyper/dysplasia and gastric carcinoids. AIM: We evaluated the clinical ...
Moon Aeri - - 2009
The role of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial, particularly in children, because there are limited published data. Adult studies suggested that H pylori infection may protect against GERD by causing atrophic gastritis, which leads to reduced gastric acid secretion. The objective of our study ...
Keller Jutta - - 2009
Objective: It is unclear why patients with inflammation of the distal bowel complain of symptoms referable to the upper gastrointestinal tract, specifically to gastric emptying (GE) disturbances. Thus, we aimed to determine occurrence and putative pathomechanisms of gastric motor disorders in such patients. Methods: 13 healthy subjects (CON), 13 patients ...
Sakakibara Yumi - - 2009
The electrogastrogram (EGG) was recorded for 24 hours in 17 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, 17 multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients, and 8 healthy control subjects to elucidate the differences in the EGG findings between the two diseases. Eight EGG segments (3 preprandial, 3 postprandial, and 2 sleep segments) were selected ...
Abou Holw Sahar A - - 2009
Giardiasis is one of the most common enteroprotozoal diseases; its association with Helicobacter pylori is a common clinical finding. This work studied the impact of such association. Fifty giardiasis patients were classified into two groups according to the concomitant presence of H. pylori and ten normal healthy controls were also ...
Luo Jiing-Chyuan - - 2009
Whether glucocorticoids induce gastric mucosal injury remains uncertain. We investigated whether very high-dose steroids caused gastric mucosal injury in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients and evaluated the possible risk factors for mucosal injury. In this prospective paired study, 67 SLE patients who had received pulse methylprednisolone therapy were enrolled. Each ...
Attia E A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous disease of unknown aetiology, which may involve the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa. The association of Helicobacter pylori with LP has been a subject of debate. AIM: To investigate upper GI findings and the presence of H. pylori in GI mucosa and oral LP (OLP). ...
Lin Z - - 2010
Our goal was to investigate associations between the status of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and electrogastrogram (EGG) parameters, gastric emptying and symptoms in a large cohort of patients with gastroparesis. Forty-one patients with refractory gastroparesis who were referred for gastric electrical stimulation (GES) underwent full thickness gastric (antrum) biopsy ...
de Arruda Severino Marcos Borba - - 2009
CONTEXT: It still remains an open debate whether Helicobacter pylori eradication is beneficial or not for the improvement of symptoms in functional dyspepsia. Differences in geographic distribution, the worldwide H. pylori genetic variability and the fact that the outcome of infection is strongly related to the virulence of the infecting ...
Sawhney S A - - 2009
A curious association of three rare tumours was described by Carney in 1977. 'Carney's triad' characteristically includes multifocal pulmonary chondroma, gastric stromal sarcoma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Patients may exhibit complete or incomplete expression of the triad. Carney acknowledged that, of 79 patients, only 17 possessed all three tumours. We report ...
Smith Brian R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether very young patients with gastric adenocarcinoma as compared with older patients with the disease have a biologically more aggressive form of the disease, presenting at an advanced stage and conferring unusually poor perioperative and long-term outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: A 15-year, single-institution, retrospective review and ...
Yap Y L - - 2009
Patients with common variable immunodeficiency syndrome (CVID) have an increased risk of gastric adenocarcinoma. We describe a case of gastric adenocarcinoma in a 29-year-old man with CVID. He complained of dyspepsia and weight loss. Endoscopy showed an antral lesion. He underwent subtotal gastrectomy with postoperative adjuvant chemoradiation, and remained disease-free ...
Sokmensuer Cenk - - 2009
There is no widely accepted histopathological definition for nodular gastritis. In this study we aim to uncover the pathologic entity responsible for the nodular appearance and to find clues about the clinical implications of nodular gastritis. Antral biopsy specimens of 160 patients with nodular gastritis and 133 patients without nodular ...
Reddymasu Savio C - - 2010
The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) in the subgroup of patients with refractory nausea and vomiting in the presence of normal gastric emptying. Eighteen patients (15 females) underwent GES implantation for dyspeptic symptoms in the presence of normal gastric emptying. Upper ...
Hewitt A N - - 2009
The aim of this study was to reassess the clinical and radiographic findings in a series of patients with gastric bezoars. Radiology files revealed 19 patients with bezoars; 10 patients had CT and 10 had endoscopy before or after the barium studies. 11 patients (58%) had risk factors for gastroparesis ...
Hung Kuei-Hsiang - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori eradication can reverse gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) in some but not all patients. H. pylori induces high levels of nuclear beta-catenin staining in IM tissues, as well as overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). This study investigated whether the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a role in IM regression following H. pylori ...
Hebbard P C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) results from truncating mutations of the CDH1 (E-cadherin) gene. It is an autosomal dominant cancer susceptibility syndrome with a lifetime risk of diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) of 60-80%, with a mean age of onset of 37 years. There exists no adequate screening test for ...
Oezcelik Arzu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ischemia of the gastric conduit remains an important complication of esophagectomy and is associated with an increased risk of anastomotic leak and sepsis. We report a group of patients with multiple comorbid conditions and an ischemic gastric conduit that was successfully managed by a delayed esophagogastrostomy. STUDY DESIGN: Between ...
Vakil Nimish - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Current guidelines recommend empirical, noninvasive approaches to manage dyspeptic patients without alarm symptoms, but concerns about missed lesions persist; the cost savings afforded by noninvasive approaches must be weighed against treatment delays. We investigated the prevalence of malignancies and other serious abnormalities in patients with dyspepsia and ...
Cirne-Lima Fernando K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of Her-2/Neu-cerbb-2 in the gastric mucosa of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma in a brazilian patient group. METHODS: The immunohistochemical expression of Her-2/Neu was studied in 37 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections. RESULTS: The immunohistochemical reaction produced by the anti-HER-2/Neu antibody was positive in two cases (5.4%). ...
Sumida Tomonori - - 2009
The aim of this study was to clarify predictive factors for response to eradication therapy in cases of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-positive API2-MALT1-negative gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Sixty-six patients who were examined for H. pylori infection and the presence of the API2-MALT1 chimeric transcript and who underwent H. ...
Alonso N?ria - - 2009
Type A chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is increased in type 1 diabetic patients (DM1). To address this issue, we determined and analyzed the number of peripheral blood regulatory T cells (Tregs) in 15 DM1-CAG patients, 15 DM1 patients without associated autoantibodies (DM1) and 15 healthy controls by flow cytometry and ...
Anaparthy Rajeswari - - 2009
PURPOSE: The natural history and outcome of patients with gastroparesis is not well known. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical or pathophysiological characteristics, if any, that may be helpful in predicting therapeutic response in this condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of a cohort of ...
Petridis Athanasios K - - 2009
We present a patient with progressive weakness over months caused by untreated hyponatraemia. When hyponatraemia became severe, the patient could not move without help, was lethargic and had endocrinological dysfunction. Symptomatic therapy brought no improvement. MRI of the brain showed empty sella with gross herniation of the optic chiasma, gyrus ...
de Vries Annemarie C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of intestinal metaplasia (IM) of the gastric mucosa should be limited to patients at high risk of gastric cancer. Patients with extensive IM are at increased cancer risk; however, the intragastric extent of IM is usually unknown at the time of the initial diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ...
Alonso Núria - - 2009
Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) have an increased prevalence of associated organ-specific autoimmune diseases such as pernicious anemia whose histological substrate is a chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Latent pernicious anemia precedes clinically-manifest pernicious anemia and may be difficult to detect solely on simple analytical grounds. We recently described ...
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