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Results 251 - 300 of 1497
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Palkar Atul Vijay AV Department of Medicine, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2011
A 40-year-old female, presented with prerenal acute kidney injury secondary to diarrhoea. With appropriate hydration, she went into diuretic phase and subsequently developed hypokalemic quadriparesis with hypocalcaemic tetany due to hypomagnesemia and subclinical vitamin D deficiency. The patient improved with oral potassium, magnesium, calcium and vitamin D supplementation.
Nseir William - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major cause of chronic gastritis. Statins have several pleotropic effects and their mechanisms of action could be related to anti-inflammatory, antioxidants, and immunomodulatory effects. To determine whether statin therapy affects the severity of chronic gastritis. In a retrospective study, we evaluated 516 patients who ...
Jorge Elisabete - - 2010
Background: Genetic factors account for 35-40% of the interindividual variation observed in response to warfarin. The most important genes involved are CYP2C9 (cytochrome P450 2C9) and VKORC1 (vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1). To determine the prevalence of the different genotypes influencing response to oral anticoagulants in a population ...
Fanella Sergio - - 2010
A case of pulmonary blastomycosis in a pediatric patient diagnosed by gastric lavage is described. Use of gastric lavage averted the need for more invasive diagnostic techniques including bronchoscopy. Further study is required to define the sensitivity of gastric lavage for recovery of Blastomyces dermatitidis from pediatric patients with pulmonary ...
Lim Joon Seok - - 2010
The purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic role of contrast-enhanced CT colonography (CTC) for follow-up of colorectal cancer screening after curative gastrectomy in patients with gastric adenocarcinomas. Contrast-enhanced CTC was performed as a substitute for routine follow-up CT for the detection of recurrent lesions in 700 consecutive patients who underwent ...
Mertens Veerle V Center for Gastroenterological Research, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, - - 2010
Patients with reflux-related respiratory symptoms are frequently treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPI). It is unclear whether aspiration of gastric juice (GJ) from patients "on" PPI can provoke a similar bronchial inflammatory reaction than that observed in patients "off" medication. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
Parkman Henry P - - 2011
Idiopathic gastroparesis (IG) is a common but poorly understood condition with significant morbidity. We studied characteristics of patients with IG enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium Registry. Data from medical histories, symptom questionnaires, and 4-hour gastric emptying scintigraphy studies were ...
Maldonado-Contreras Ana - - 2011
The human stomach is naturally colonized by Helicobacter pylori, which, when present, dominates the gastric bacterial community. In this study, we aimed to characterize the structure of the bacterial community in the stomach of patients of differing H. pylori status. We used a high-density 16S rRNA gene microarray (PhyloChip, Affymetrix, ...
Rich Amy - - 2010
Ménétrier's disease (MD) is a rare hypertrophic gastropathy characterised by giant rugal folds, hypochlorhydria, protein loss and a classic constellation of symptoms (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and peripheral oedema). It is considered a clinical diagnosis that may at times be difficult to establish. Firm diagnostic criteria for MD are proposed ...
Tang Jean Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVES To evaluate vitamin D status in patients with basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS) who practice photoprotection because of their genetic predisposition to skin cancer and to determine risk factors for deficiency. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Academic medical centers. PATIENTS Forty-one ambulatory patients with BCNS who participated in a ...
Wijetunge Sulochana - - 2010
Controversy exists as to whether adenocarcinomas occurring in the gastroesophageal junctional region and gastric cardia originate in the esophagus or the stomach. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is known to be strongly associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease; gastric adenocarcinoma with Helicobacter pylori gastritis, and gastric intestinal metaplasia. This study evaluates the association of ...
Amarapurkar D N - - 2010
H. pylori gastritis and autoimmune gastritis are the two main types of chronic atrophic gastritis. Parietal cell antibody (PCA) and intrinsic factor antibody (IFA) are characteristic of autoimmune gastritis, of which IFA is more specific. Patients who are IFA negative are considered under the category of chronic atrophic gastritis. To ...
Larson Jean M - - 2010
Current therapy for gastroparesis with prokinetic agents is limited by options and side effects. One macrolide, erythromycin (ERY), is associated with possible sudden cardiac death from QT prolongation due to P450 iso-enzyme inhibition. An alternative, azithromycin (AZI), lacks P450 inhibition. We compared the effect on gastric emptying half-times (t½) between ...
Erdogan Serpil - - 2011
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain illness with unknown etiology, and it generally affects women. These patients also have gastrointestinal symptoms and signs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the gastric emptying rate in patients with newly diagnosed FM by using the radionuclide method. Investigation of the differences in ...
Shiraki M - - 2011
To elucidate whether serum levels of pepsinogens are associated with the occurrence of gastrointestinal adverse events induced by amino-bisphosphonates (amino-BP), the serum levels of pepsinogen were measured in amino-BP users. Our results indicate that measurement of pepsinogen I is useful in predicting gastric distress induced by amino-BP in osteoporosis. To ...
Lombardo Lucio - - 2010
Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is a precursor of the intestinal type of gastric cancer, the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. GastroPanel is a recently marketed serological kit for the non-invasive diagnosis of CAG, defined by some authors "even more reliable than biopsy histology". The goal of this study ...
Uehara Takeshi - - 2010
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a recently recognized disease entity. In some patients, this disease is associated with other inflammatory diseases. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the pathologic characteristics of AIP-associated gastritis (AIP-G). We evaluated and compared the pathologic findings and immunohistochemical expressions of immunoglobulin G (IgG)4 and IgG ...
Petranović Duska - - 2010
Primary gastric non Hodgkin lymphoma (PGNHL) is a distinct group of extranodal lymphomas with interesting geographical distribution and variable prevalence in different countries. We analysed epidemiological data of our patients with PGNHL in Primorsko-goranska County. Clinical data of 30 patients with PGNHL diagnosed and treated in Clinical Hospital Center of ...
Yakoob Javed - - 2010
Genes associated with the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) plasticity region may play a role in the pathogenesis of H. pylori. We compared the genes jhp0940, jhp0947, and jhp0986 in H. pylori isolates from patients with different gastroduodenal diseases and in different age groups. The H. pylori hyperplasticity region genes jhp0940, ...
Hejazi R A - - 2010
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) in adults is a disorder characterized by recurrent and stereotypic episodes of severe nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain separated by symptom-free intervals. Both rapid and delayed gastric emptying (GE) have been observed but the reports involved small numbers of CVS patients. We performed a retrospective study ...
Herbella Fernando A M - - 2010
An unbuffered postprandial proximal gastric acid pocket (PPGAP) has been noticed in normal individuals and patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The role of gastric anatomy in the physiology of the PPGAP remains unclear. It is also unclear whether operations that control GERD, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and ...
Albayrak Fatih - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection induces chronic inflammation that can progress to gastric atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and gastric adenocarcinoma. We have examined oxidative damage caused by Helicobacter pylori, metaplasia, and atrophy of gastric mucosal cells in patients with chronic gastritis by measuring their urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels. METHODS: We ...
Tsujimoto Hironori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Adequate preoperative evaluation for gastric cancer staging is essential to develop an individualized treatment strategy involving surgery with reduced lymphadenectomy and laparoscopic gastrectomy. METHODS: A total of 509 gastric cancer patients with clinical Stage IA or IB disease were divided into two groups: 304 patients were admitted in 2000 ...
Genta Robert M - - 2010
Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients ...
Montalto Massimo - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate fecal calprotectin concentrations (FCCs) in subjects with chronic gastritis and the correlation between FCCs and gastritis activity score. METHODS: FCCs were measured in 61 patients with histological diagnosis of gastritis and in 74 healthy volunteers. Histological grading of gastritis was performed according to the updated Sydney gastritis ...
Carney J Aidan - - 2010
Mucosal lymphoid follicles reportedly do not occur in normal gastric mucosa or are rare. Detection of many primary and occasional secondary lymphoid follicles in the otherwise normal mucosa of a patient with multiple gastric sarcomas prompted study of the lesions of 84 patients--30 males and 54 females--and 2 fetuses. The ...
Safak Birol - - 2010
Several virulence factors of Helicobacter pylori may contribute to gastric mucosal damage. In this study, the prevalence of cagA and vacA genotypes of H. pylori was examined in different patterns of chronic gastritis. Oesophagogastroendoscopy was performed in 147 dyspeptic patients. Antrum biopsies were obtained for isolation of H. pylori and ...
Zhao Yiming - - 2010
To explore clinical patterns, predisposing factors, psychosocial aspects and the possible pathogenesis in Functional Vomiting (FV) patients. Ten healthy subjects and 19 FV patients participated in this study. Gastrointestinal symptoms and psychological state were evaluated by questionnaires, including Zung self-rating anxiety and depression scale and Eysenck personality questionnaire. Cutaneous electrogastrography, ...
Toki Fumiaki - - 2010
To investigate a relationship between the clinicopathological features and mucin phenotypes in advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (AGA). Immunohistochemical staining was performed to determine the mucin phenotypes in 38 patients with differentiated adenocarcinomas (DACs), 9 with signet-ring cell carcinomas (SIGs), and 48 with other diffuse-type adenocarcinomas (non-SIGs) of AGA. The mucin phenotypes ...
Marjanović Ksenija - - 2010
Oxidative stress occurs in inflammation of gastric mucosa. The role of zinc in modulating oxidative stress has recently been recognized. Zn deficiency results in an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and have a higher risk of musoca damage in inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine wheather chronic ...
Uesato Masaya - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for patients with gastric tumors under the conditions of unconsciousness is considered to be minimally invasive, no objective assessment of the perioperative stress of ESD has yet been conducted. Today, stress levels can be easily and objectively assessed by monitoring salivary amylase activity (sAMY). ...
Ladabaum Uri - - 2010
AIM: To determine the rate and yield of repeat esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for dyspepsia in clinical practice, whether second opinions drive its use, and whether it is performed at the expense of colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent repeat EGD for dyspepsia ...
Karamanolis George - - 2010
In patients with repetitive and troublesome belching an organic cause is seldom found, indicating the presence of an acquired abnormal behavior. The aim of our study was to investigate the incidence and pattern of belching during a 24-hour period. METHODS: Combined 24-hour pH and intraluminal impedance monitoring was performed in ...
Wahbeh Ghassan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Graft versus host disease (GVHD) of the gut is thought to delay gastric emptying and so may increase the risk of aspirating retained contents while under anesthesia. Knowing that gastric emptying is delayed in patients with GVHD might lead one to choose to intubate the trachea for all patients ...
Yang Moon Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gastric polyps are found frequently in various colonic polyposis syndromes. Genetic alterations of several genes occur in gastric adenomas and colorectal adenomas. However, it is unknown whether patients with gastric adenomas are at higher risk for colorectal adenomas. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of colorectal adenoma in patients ...
Haber M M - - 2010
Changes in gastric histology associated with long-term maintenance therapy with lansoprazole for erosive oesophagitis have not been well described. To evaluate the effect on gastric histology of long-term dose-titrated lansoprazole administered as maintenance therapy for up to 82 months in patients with erosive oesophagitis. Sequential gastric biopsy specimens were obtained ...
Karincaoğlu Melih - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Much is known about the gastric tissue damage that is associated with hypovolemic stress, but gastrointestinal bleeding due to gastric injury and further gastric injury due to hypovolemia have not been evaluated in previous research. The aim of this study was to assess oxidative gastric tissue damage specifically linked ...
Kawasaki Kentaro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The area near the left gastric vein (LGV) is a challenging site at which to perform dissection of the lymph nodes during gastrectomy. Therefore, knowledge of the precise location of the LGV is important. The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) ...
Alsharif Abedallatif A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To derive the normal reference values for Middle East population using a standard method, and to validate its performance in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: A prospective study was designed to derive gastric emptying parameters in 36 healthy control subjects. We measured the lag phase, half time, and gastric retention at ...
Valavi Ehsan - - 2010
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common hereditary disease in Iran. In developed countries, newborn screening programs have been established to ensure early diagnosis, but in most developing countries, screening is not performed and the diagnosis is often delayed. The aim of the present work was to investigate the clinical ...
Ikeguchi Masahide - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients diagnosed with early gastric cancer located in the middle third of the stomach have two major surgical options, namely a conventional distal gastrectomy with Billroth I anastomosis (DG) or a pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG). Pyloruspreserving gastrectomy is thought to have greater functional benefits than DG, but the evaluation of ...
Hongo Michio - - 2010
To investigate the development of fundic gland polyp (FGP) and gastric hyperplastic polyp (HPP) during long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and risk factors of each polyp via patient status in a multicenter prospective study. The risk of developing FGP may increase during long-term PPI therapy. However, the association with ...
Harberson Justin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pathologic assessment of gastric tissue in patients with gastroparesis is limited. Aims To evaluate gastric histopathology in patients with gastroparesis. METHODS: Full-thickness antral biopsies were obtained in 28 patients with gastroparesis. Control specimens were obtained from patients undergoing gastric resection. H&E and immunohistochemical stained slides were reviewed for the ...
Qu Yang - - 2010
The effect of Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (JWXYS) decoction on patients with functional dyspepsia was studied by means of electrogastrography (EGG) and symptoms of dyspepsia were assessed. Twenty patients with functional dyspepsia were selected; before and after internal treatment with JWXYS, the integrated symptoms of the patients were down-regulated from 18.55 +/- 3.24 ...
Maalouf Naim M - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with an increased risk of nephrolithiasis but obesity itself is a known risk factor for kidney stones. To assess the mechanism(s) predisposing to nephrolithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass we compared urinary tract stone risk profiles in patients who underwent the procedure and normal obese ...
Khayyam U - - 2010
Symptoms of gastroparesis based on patient recall correlate poorly with gastric emptying. The aim of this study is to determine if symptoms recorded during gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) correlate with gastric emptying and with symptoms based on patient recall. Patients undergoing GES completed the Patient Assessment of GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM) ...
Ingraham Kristin M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who have gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), to further characterize this disease association, and to identify factors that may predict which patients with SSc are at greatest risk for the development of GAVE. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of both SSc and ...
Alagozlu Hakan - - 2010
AIM: To determine the association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and globus sensation (GS) in the patients with cervical inlet patch. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with esophageal inlet patches were identified from 6760 consecutive patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy prospectively. In these 68 patients with cervical inlet patches, symptoms of globus ...
Al-Jundi Wissam - - 2010
Excessive anticoagulation with warfarin may contribute to certain complications, including bleeding into body cavities. Haemopericardiac tamponade secondary to warfarin is rare outside cardiac surgery. The present report describes an unusual presentation of spontaneous cardiac tamponade in a patient on warfarin and recently treated for chest infection with erythromycin. The patient ...
Larsen Junilla K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A low quality of life has been regarded a cue to action. Some patients with unsuccessful weight loss after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) undergo a conversion of gastric banding to gastric by-pass. This study examines whether patients who did or did not undergo conversion to gastric bypass differed ...
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