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Results 201 - 250 of 1497
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Tiosano Dov - - 2011
Background:Hereditary 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-resistant rickets (HVDRR) is caused by mutations in the vitamin D receptor gene. Children with HVDRR suffer from severe hypocalcemia and rickets that are treatable with extremely high-dose calcium supplements. Surprisingly, spontaneous recovery of calcium metabolism occurs after the end of puberty without the need for further calcium ...
Hagforsen E - - 2011
Background:  Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a common disease strongly associated with smoking, autoimmune co-morbidities and a deranged calcium homeostasis. It is unclear whether these changes in calcium homeostasis are a consequence of vitamin D status, abnormal dermal vitamin D synthesis or whether it is substantiated in effects on bone mineral ...
Yeap Swan Sim - - 2012
Aim:  To determine if baseline vitamin D levels would influence the gain in bone mineral density (BMD) in female systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients on corticosteroids (CS) taking bone-active medication. Method:  Premenopausal SLE patients participating in a trial assessing the efficacy of calcium alone, calcitriol and calcium, and alendronate and ...
Pitman Max S - - 2011
PURPOSE: Vitamin D has a well-known role in calcium metabolism and bone health. It may also help prevent a number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and malignancies such as breast, colorectal and prostate cancer. To our knowledge the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has never been reported in ...
Nagata Yuki - - 2011
N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) is a marker of newly formed type I collagen. However, its role in hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia has not yet been established. Metabolic bone markers were examined in patients with oncogenic osteomalacia (OOM) and X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), and in healthy controls. OOM and XLH ...
Jithpratuck Warit - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is a poorly recognized pandemic and can be associated with primary hyperparathyroidism, which is not infrequently found in the general population. No formal guidelines exist to guide therapy for suboptimal Vitamin D status in patients with hyperparathyroidism. However, there are many potential benefits to achieving a Vitamin ...
Del Fabbro Egidio - - 2011
Cancer cachexia is considered intractable, with few therapeutic options. Secondary nutrition impact symptoms (S-NIS) such as nausea may further contribute to weight loss by decreasing nutrient intake. In addition, treatable metabolic abnormalities such as hypogonadism, vitamin B12 deficiency, hypothyroidism, and hypoadrenalism could exacerbate anorexia and muscle wasting in patients with ...
Klostermann Fabian - - 2011
Levodopa/Carbidopa intestinal gel infusion (LCIG) for Parkinson's disease is under debate to provoke polyneuropathy (PNP). In our cohort of 20 thus treated patients, two developed debilitating axonal PNP with deficient pyridoxin and folate levels, and marginal cobalamin. Homocysteine was highly elevated. The neuropathies responded to vitamin replacement. We assume that ...
Zhang Chong - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D, which exerts its effect through vitamin D receptor (VDR), and LL-37, a vitamin D-dependent antimicrobial peptide, are involved in many infectious diseases. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether vitamin D status and expressions of VDR and LL-37 are involved in the pathogenesis of ...
Vélayoudom-Céphise F-L - - 2011
AIM: The prevalence of diabetes in the French West Indies is three times higher than in mainland France. We aimed to assess the associations between vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and cardiovascular risk factors in Caribbean patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: In this cross-sectional ...
Schaible Jan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fetuin-A and vitamin D are significant correlates of cardiovascular morbidity in paediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. It is thus far unknown, whether or not serum fetuin-A is affected by the vitamin D status or treatment with vitamin D preparations in these patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, serum ...
Sudeep K - - 2011
Objective: To study bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), Vitamin D status and bone mineral parameters in subjects with chronic nonalcoholic pancreatitis and to determine the relationship between pancreatic dysfunction and these parameters.Methods: Thirty-one eligible non-alcoholic males with proven chronic pancreatitis and 35 control males were studied. Biochemical ...
Moorthi Ranjani N - - 2011
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often insufficient in 25(OH) vitamin D and are almost uniformly deficient in 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D, because of decreased renal hydroxylation resulting from hyperphosphatemia and elevated fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels. These same abnormalities lead to secondary hyperparathyroidism for which the administration of calcitriol ...
Nuti R - - 2011
Vitamin D via its receptor has essential actions on parathyroid cells, inhibiting PTH secretion, and parathyroid cell proliferation. While the effects of vitamin D depletion in the pathogenesis of secondary hyperparathyroidism in elderly individuals or in the occurrence of parathyroid hyperplasia in patients with renal insufficiency are well established, the ...
Dashti-Khavidaki Simin - - 2011
Some studies have hypothesized the protective role of vitamin C against cardiovascular disorders (CVD) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study was designed to assess plasma vitamin C concentration and its relationship to hemodialysis (HD) patients' morbidity and mortality. Plasma vitamin C concentrations were assessed in HD patients ...
Ragunatha S - - 2011
Phrynoderma is a type of follicular hyperkeratosis. Various nutritional deficiency disorders have been implicated in the etiology of phrynoderma. To determine clinical features of phrynoderma and its association with nutritional deficiency signs. A cross-sectional descriptive study of 125 consecutive patients with phrynoderma attending the outpatient department (OPD) of dermatology was ...
Mok Chi Chiu - - 2011
Objectives. To study the relationship of 25(OH)D(3) level with disease activity, vascular risk factors and atherosclerosis in SLE. Methods. Consecutive patients who fulfilled four or more ACR criteria for SLE were recruited for assay of 25(OH)D(3) level. Disease activity was assessed by the SLEDAI and physicians' global assessment (PGA). Patients ...
D'Souza Benedicta - - 2011
The serum acid phosphatase (ACP) activity and Hemoglobin (Hb) levels were measured in malaria patients and nonmalarial fever patients. The results were compared with normal healthy control subjects. ACP was significantly increased (P < 0.001) in all the malaria patients. ACP was significantly higher in Plasmodium falcifarum malaria and mixed malaria when ...
Levin Adeera - - 2011
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiencies are well described in general populations and in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although serum 25(OH)D may be a good indicator of vitamin D status in healthy individuals, the hydroxylated product, 1,25(OH)2D, essential for important biological functions such as mineral metabolism, bone turnover, regulation of ...
Aperis Georgios - - 2011
Paricalcitol is a synthetic vitamin D analogue acting on vitamin D receptor (VDR). The result is inhibition of PTH synthesis and secretion. Paricalcitol appears also to block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. We evaluated the role of paricalcitol in the management of proteinuria of various aetiology. A total of 19 patients participated. ...
Hamano Takayuki - - 2011
No study has reported the current status of the management of chronic kidney disease mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) in Japan. Using the Osaka Vitamin D Study in CKD (OVIDS-CKD), we examined the prevalence of patients with serum calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH), or 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels outside the target of ...
Kim Hyung Soo - - 2011
Mineral metabolism abnormalities, such as low 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)(2)D) and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH), are common at even higher glomerular filtration rate than previously described. Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) show an inverse correlation with those of intact PTH and phosphorus. Studies of the general population found much higher all-cause ...
Su Winnie S - - 2011
We will evaluate the effects of bioimpedance analysis-guided fluid management to reduce volume expansion, of vitamin D(3) supplementation, and of the combination of those techniques on decrease of left ventricular mass in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This multicenter randomized controlled trial, with a 2 × 2 factorial design, will be ...
Moreno Braga Camila Bitu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) occurs after massive intestinal resection, and parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy may be necessary even after a period of adaptation. The purpose of this study was to determine the vitamin status in adults with SBS receiving intermittent PN. METHODS: The study was conducted on hospitalized adults ...
Pilz Stefan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency, assessed as low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) level, is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with various adverse health outcomes. Whether low 25(OH)D levels in patients with CKD are an independent risk factor for mortality remains to be studied in detail, ...
Ringbaek Thomas - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; however, no study has evaluated the influence of vitamin D status on effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS:: We studied 311 patients, who participated in a 7-week outpatient PR. Vitamin D status was assessed at entry and ...
Gelfand J M - - 2011
To evaluate whether vitamin D is associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) status and disease severity in African Americans. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D was compared in a cross-sectional sample of 339 African Americans with MS and 342 African American controls. Correlations between disease severity (Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score [MSSS]) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D ...
Vagianos Kathy - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to longitudinally study serum homocysteine levels in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in relation to disease activity and B vitamin status. METHODS: In all, 98 consecutive adult patients (age 25-55 years) with CD (n = 70) and UC (n ...
Ritterhouse Lauren L - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is widespread and has been associated with many chronic diseases, including autoimmune disorders. A study was undertaken to explore the impact of low vitamin D levels on autoantibody production in healthy individuals, as well as B cell hyperactivity and interferon α (IFNα) activity in patients with systemic ...
Zhu Ying - - 2011
A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between serum homocysteine, vitamin B(12), and folate levels in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The DerSimonian and Laird Q test was used to evaluate the degree of heterogeneity between studies and a funnel plot was used to assess publication bias. The pooled ...
Kahn Linda S - - 2011
To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among patients in an inner-city practice with a large African American population, and to evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D replacement as part of routine care. A chart review was undertaken to identify patients aged 18 years and more with at least ...
Hedberg Jakob - - 2011
Super-obesity (BMI > 50) is increasing rapidly. We use the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) as one option in this patient category. The aim of the present study was to investigate the emptying of the gastric tube, PYY levels and dumping symptoms after BPD-DS. Emptying of the gastric tube was investigated ...
Thanavaro Kristin L - - 2011
A case of methadone-induced torsades de pointes is presented to demonstrate clinical features that predispose patients to this serious cardiac arrhythmia. A patient who was receiving methadone maintenance treatment for heroin addiction presented to the hospital with dizziness and near-syncope. He was taking a relatively high dose of methadone but ...
Saedisomeolia Ahmad - - 2011
This study aimed to determine red blood cell (RBC) and serum folate and vitamin B12 levels as well as their intake in schizophrenic patients. The folate and cobalamin status of 60 schizophrenic patients (15-55 years) was compared to 60 matched healthy controls using Radio Isotope Dilution Assay (RIDA). Serum and ...
Filipović Branka F - - 2011
To investigate differences in laboratory markers, nutritional status parameters and eating patterns among newly diagnosed patients with functional dyspepsia. The investigation was performed on 180 newly diagnosed patients with functional dyspepsia, aged 20-79, which were referred to the gastroenterology unit of the Clinical and Hospital Center "Bezanijska Kosa" from April ...
Hamdy Nadia M - - 2011
The EGF-R, also known as HER-1 or erbB-1 (EGF-R/HER-1/erbB-1), is a member of the human epithelial receptor tyrosine kinase family. sEGF-R is considered to play a role in cardiac (patho)physiology. We aimed to investigate whether soluble EGF-R is increased in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients and if related to disease ...
Farraye F A - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is a common problem in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to determine the ability of normal subjects and patients with quiescent CD to absorb vitamin D(2) using a novel vitamin D bioavailability test. In addition, we evaluated whether the location of ...
Pehlivan Yavuz - - 2011
Objective: To report pancytopenia caused by temozolomide, a second-generation alkylating agent. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 22-year-old patient presenting with seizures and confusion was seen in the emergency room. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass. After surgery, the patient was diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme and was given temozolomide at ...
Stoll D - - 2011
Vitamin D is important for bone metabolism and neuromuscular function. While a routine dosage is often proposed in osteoporotic patients, it is not so evident in rheumatology outpatients where it has been shown that the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D is high. The aim of the current study was to systematically ...
Müller Kai Ivar - - 2011
Ataxia due to vitamin E deficiency is important because disease progression can be stopped by supplementary therapy. A limited number of studies and case series suggest that the disease is mainly confined to the cerebellum and spinal cord tract and seems to be more common in North African countries. We ...
Sworczak Krzysztof - - 2011
Although vitamin deficiencies are uncommon in Poland or other developed countries, many patients take vitamin supplements. Despite the widespread availability of vitamins and the universal belief that vitamins offer health benefits, few publications have addressed their role in the prevention and treatment of thyroid diseases. There is some evidence to ...
Chinoy Muhammad Amin - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency remains common in children and adults in Pakistan despite adequate sunlight exposure. Diagnosis in adults is usually delayed and is made following pathological fractures that result in significant morbidity. The objective of this study was to see whether Serum Alkaline Phosphatase levels could be used as a ...
Jakopin E - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency, which is a recognized problem in haemodialysis (HD) patients, has been associated with higher all-cause mortality. There are no guidelines concerning vitamin D supplementation in HD patients. This study aimed to assess the effects of once-monthly supplementation with high-dose cholecalciferol (vitamin D(3)) in HD patients. Patients with ...
Mydlík Miroslav - - 2011
Acute intermittent and variegate porphyria are an autosomal dominant hereditary diseases caused by the deficient activity of porphobilinogen deaminase in the haem biosynthesis. Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) in 11 patients (8 women and 3 men) and variegate porphyria (VP) in one patient were diagnosed and long-term treated during 15-22 years. ...
Wong Yun - - 2011
Oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) is used to prevent/treat thromboembolism. Major bleeding is common in patients on OAT; eg, warfarin increases intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) risk. A 71-year-old male on warfarin (to reduce stroke risk) presented at Accident and Emergency Minor Injuries Unit with headache after reportedly sounding 'drunk'. On triage, the ...
Omrani Hoseinali Qeilichnia - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of some factors such as serum levels of homocysteine, folate and B12 vitamin with stroke in acute ischemic stroke patients. In this case control study, serum levels of homocysteine, folate and B12 vitamin in 93 patients with acute ischemic stroke ...
Korytnaya Evgenia - - 2011
To present a case of hypercalcemia associated with thyrotoxicosis in a patient with vitamin D deficiency and review biochemical changes during the course of treatment. We report a case, describe the changes in serum calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone in Graves' disease and concomitant Vitamin D deficiency. We compare our findings ...
Teixeira Neto Paulo Florentino - - 2011
Sickle cell anemia is a hemoglobinopathy caused by a mutation that results in the production of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule, hemoglobin S (Hb S). This is responsible for profound physiological changes, such as the sickling of red blood cells. Several studies have shown that hydroxyurea protects against vaso-occlusive crises. The ...
Dev Rony - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency in noncancer patients is associated with symptoms of fatigue, muscle weakness, and depression. These symptoms are common among advanced cancer patients. We investigated the prevalence of low serum vitamin D levels in cancer patients with fatigue or poor appetite and their association with symptom burden and other ...
Santos Fernanda Kelle de Souza - - 2011
The development of therapies for sickle cell disease has received special attention, particularly those that reduce the polymerization of hemoglobin S. Hydroxyurea is a commonly used medication because it has the ability to raise levels of fetal hemoglobin, decrease the frequency of vaso-occlusive episodes and thus improve the clinical course ...
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