Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1509
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Jacoby Jeanne - - 2003
The prandial status of ED patients is often unknown. Because a full stomach predisposes patients to aspiration during a variety of urgent interventions, a method of determining the degree of gastric fullness would be of potential clinical importance. The purpose of this single-blind interventional trial was to determine if bedside ...
Scheffer R C H - - 2003
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (tLESRs) are vagally mediated in response to gastric cardiac distension. Nine volunteers, eight gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients, and eight fundoplication patients were studied. Manometry with an assembly that included a barostat bag was done for 1 h with and 1 h without barostat distension ...
Sundbom Magnus - - 2003
The excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) cannot be readily examined by endoscopy for obvious anatomic reasons. Thus it is difficult to monitor possible changes in the gastric mucosa. However, the type and severity of gastritis can now be assessed by a combination of serologic tests: pepsinogen I and ...
Matsukawa Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Regarding the interaction of Helicobacter pylori and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), we cannot accept unanimous conclusions in inducing gastric ulcer. We therefore evaluated the role of Helicobacter pylori and NSAIDs in inducing gastric ulcer. METHODS: Dyspeptic patients receiving NSAIDs underwent endoscopic examination. Gastric ulcer formation and H. pylori status ...
Meissner Winfried - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Opioid analgesia impairs gastrointestinal motility. Enteral administration of naloxone theoretically allows selective blocking of intestinal opioid receptors caused by extensive presystemic metabolism. Therefore, we studied the effect of enteral naloxone on the amount of gastric tube reflux, the frequency of pneumonia, and the time until first defecation in mechanically ...
Nguyen Ninh T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Early gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage after open gastric bypass has been infrequently reported. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of early GI hemorrhage after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP), its presentation, and possible treatment options. METHODS: A retrospective review of 5 patients who developed early postoperative ...
Lindeboom M Y A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: After antireflux surgery, more than 30% of patients develop dyspeptic symptoms such as fullness and early satiety. We have previously shown that these symptoms are related to fundoplication-induced changes in proximal gastric motor and sensory function, especially impaired postprandial relaxation. We hypothesize that impaired fundus relaxation may be more ...
Lim S - - 2003
AIMS: Gastric adenocarcinoma in young patients has been considered to differ in many ways from gastric carcinoma in older patients. This study was designed to determine the clinicopathological features and molecular mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Based on 4123 patients of gastric cancer in Seoul National University Hospital, 135 patients (3.3%) ...
Salles-Montaudon N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Plasma homocysteine concentrations increase with age and remain an independent risk factor for vascular disease in the elderly. There are negative correlations between plasma homocysteine and serum folate and vitamin B12 concentrations. Two mechanisms, poor nutritional status, and chronic atrophic gastritis, could explain hyperhomocysteinemia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the ...
Tomassetti Paola - - 2003
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is characterised by refractory peptic ulcer disease, severe diarrhoea and gastric acid hypersecretion associated with an islet-cell tumour of the pancreas (gastrinoma). The true incidence and prevalence of this rare disease is unknown; in the US, the frequency is one per one million people and the age at ...
Björnsson Einar - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Functional dyspepsia (FD) according to Rome II is divided into ulcer-like dyspepsia (ULD) and dysmotility-like dyspepsia (DLD). The rationale behind this is the assumption that the underlying pathophysiology is different, but this is largely unexplored. Our aim was to elucidate the differences in gastric sensorimotor function in these subgroups ...
Peter Sebastian - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIM: Therapy for idiopathic reactive hypoglycemia is ineffective and impractical. Acarbose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, decreases the absorbed glucose load. This study was done to determine the efficacy of acarbose in this syndrome. METHODS: Six patients with symptoms suggestive of postprandial hypoglycemia were chosen consecutively. Three-hour oral glucose tolerance tests using ...
Kosztyła-Hojna B - - 2003
Results of voice analysis in 96 elderly patients are presented. The objective of the study was to evaluate dysphonia and its morphologic conditions. Videolaryngostroboscopic (VLSS) examination distinguished between oedematic and atrophic form of senile dysphonia. Morphologic evaluation of the vocal fold mucosa with the use of light microscopy (LM) and ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2003
H. pylori (Hp) -induced atrophic gastritis is a well-known risk factor for the development of gastric cancer. Whether Hp eradication can prevent or retard the progress of atrophy and metaplasia has been the topic of numerous studies but the subject remains controversial. Recently, the increased expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), ...
Deprez Pierre - - 2002
Celiac disease is associated with impaired cholecystokinin (CCK) release. The mechanism by which CCK release is impaired is poorly understood and seems to be related to the mucosal atrophy or to decreased stimulation due to reduced intraduodenal nutrient hydrolysis. The aims of our study were to evaluate basal and postprandial ...
Stavraka Anastasia - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that symptoms from bile reflux gastritis are related to the frequency and degree of enterogastric reflux (EGR). METHODS: Patients with history of upper gastrointestinal surgery or cholecystectomy as well as control patients were studied. Presence of EGR, degree of EGR, and gastric bile emptying time ...
Aprile Lilian R O - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of portal hypertension (PH) for the motor functions of the human stomach. METHODS: The PH model used was the hepatosplenic form of mansonic schistosomiasis, as this is a condition characterized by PH but with considerably preserved hepatocellular function. The ...
Fein Martin - - 2002
Duodenogastric reflux (DGR) was assessed with 24-hour gastric bilirubin monitoring in 345 patients (219 men; 49 +/- 13 years) with foregut symptoms and 41 healthy subjects (24 men, 28 +/- 5 years). Bilirubin exposure was measured as percent time above absorbance level 0.25 and excessive DGR was defined above the ...
Stanghellini Vincenzo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and dyspepsia often overlap. Delayed gastric emptying has been reported in IBS patients, although conflicting results exist. Whether overlapping dyspepsia correlates with gastric emptying abnormalities in IBS patients has not been clarified. This study aimed to evaluate gastric emptying of solids and its relationship with ...
Kelessis N G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Primary gastric lymphomas are distinct entities with an indolent clinical course and biologic behavior. They account for 2-8% of all gastric malignancies. We conducted this study to evaluate the role of gastroscopy as the principal diagnostic method in detecting gastric MALT lymphomas. METHODS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with gastric MALT ...
Wai Chun Tao - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of diagnosis of significant disease by EGD in Asian patients of various ages with simple dyspepsia. METHODS: Database records of 10,488 consecutive patients undergoing EGD between 1992 and 1998 were analyzed. The frequency of significant upper GI disease (defined ...
Rosandić M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori eradication in patients with functional and organic dyspepsia. METHODS: The study included a cohort of 160 patients (115 with organic and 45 with functional dyspepsia) with dyspeptic symptoms and gastroscopically confirmed H. pylori infection. Triple therapy with omeprazole 20 mg, amoxicillin 1000 ...
Dheer S - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to characterize the radiographic findings of antral gastritis and to determine whether there are differences in the appearance of antral gastritis in patients with and without Helicobacter pylori infection. A search of radiology, endoscopy and pathology files revealed 90 patients with antral gastritis on ...
Caletti G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy has been reported to cause regression of low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in a high percentage of patients. However, in some patients, these lesions persist despite antibiotic treatment. AIM: To determine the various endosonographic findings that may predict the regression of low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid ...
Yoshikawa I - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Therapy for the relief of symptoms of functional dyspepsia is unpredictable. AIM: To identify which patients may benefit from antisecretory therapy. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with functional dyspepsia were selected to receive H2-receptor antagonist (H2RA) treatment for 4 weeks. Serum pepsinogen A, pepsinogen C and gastrin were measured, and Helicobacter ...
Fukui Y Y Department of Urology, Prefectural Nara Hospital, 1-30-1 Hiramatsu, Nara-City, Nara 631-0846, Japan Tel. +81-742-46-6001; Fax +81-742-46-6011 e-mail: urodept@m3.kcn.ne.jp, - - 2002
Background. Patients with renal anemia who show a poor response to erythropoietin might have iron insufficiency. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) was measured in hemodialysis patients, and its potential as a marker for iron status was assessed by comparing CHr with ordinary markers. Methods. Ninety-one patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled. ...
Law Simon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM) is often found at a normal-looking gastroesophageal junction on routine biopsy. The prevalence of SIM in Asian populations has not been recorded. Its significance is also unclear. The objective of the study was to document the prevalence of SIM at the gastroesophageal junction in a ...
Caruso Rosario Alberto - - 2002
Several lines of evidence indicate that neutrophils act nonspecifically against tumor cells. The correlation between tumor-infiltrating neutrophils (TINs) and clinicopathological features remains unclear and deserves to be investigated. To analyze the prognostic influence of TINs in gastric carcinoma, the authors selected 273 patients with advanced gastric carcinoma who underwent gastrectomy ...
Chang Craig G - - 2002
Two patients underwent gastric bypasses and had uneventful hospital courses. In the early postoperative periods, both developed severe, protracted vomiting, weakness, and hyporeflexia. After thorough laboratory and clinical evaluations by neurologists, the patients were diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome, although there were many atypical features. The clinical presentations of these patients ...
Gisbert Javier P - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate whether the Helicobacter pylori status of the patient's spouse plays a role in reinfection after eradication success, and to assess the possibility of transmission of H. pylori among partners by using molecular methods. METHODS: We studied prospectively 120 patients in whom H. pylori had been eradicated. Endoscopy ...
Tran Thomas - - 2002
GOALS: To assess the impact of upper endoscopy and biopsy on the outcome of patients with isolated thickened gastric folds found on barium upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS). STUDY: A total of 8,325 consecutive UGIS reports were reviewed to identify 182 patients who were found to have isolated thickened gastric folds. ...
Wada F - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether CYP2C19 polymorphism status and gastric emptying are related to healing in patients with gastric ulcers. We studied the CYP2C19 status in seven patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-resistant ulcers, 21 with PPI-sensitive ulcers and 46 healthy volunteers using polymerase chain ...
Bellini M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy is often associated with digestive symptoms that can precede the clinical appearance of skeletal muscle involvement. Although motility disorders may be observed in these patients at any level of the gastrointestinal tract, upper gastrointestinal symptoms have up to now usually been considered to be due to oesophageal ...
Fabbian F - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) disorders are frequent in uremic patients and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) is an important investigation for their management. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From January 1, 1997 to December 31, 1998, 57 endoscopies were performed in 96 hemodialysis patients (aged 65+/-12 years, 68 M, 28 F, dialysis duration 51+/-58 months) ...
Stompór Tomasz - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To estimate gastric emptying rate in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, with or without indwelling dialysate, and to evaluate if there is an association between gastric motility and nutritional status. DESIGN: Single-center cross-sectional study. SETTING: Peritoneal Dialysis Unit, Medical Faculty, Jagiellonian University Hospital, Krakow, Poland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Lorena Sônia Letícia Silva - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The importance of intestinal dysmotility in functional dyspepsia is a controversial issue. GOALS: To investigate the orocecal transit time in patients with functional dyspepsia, as well as a possible association between intestinal transit and the presence of anxiety or Helicobacter pylori infection in these patients. STUDY: The participants in ...
Yağci Münci - - 2002
The clinical presentation of patients with vitamin B(12) deficiency varies in a spectrum ranging from haematological disorders to neuropsychiatric diseases. In rare cases, orthostatic hypotension, impotence, constipation and urinary retention have been attributed to autonomic nervous system dysfunction due to vitamin B(12) deficiency. The aim of this study was to ...
K MONTAZERI; Department of ...
Introduction. Ingestion poisoning include 79% of all poisoning. Usually the first step in management of these patients is gastric lavage, which in most centers is done by tap water (exepct for children below 4 years old). Due to low Na and K of tap water and daily secretion of Na ...
Stotzer Per-Ove - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a source of GI bleeding. Several associated conditions have been recognized. However, there is little information on the occurrence of ectatic lesions in regions of the stomach other than the antrum, that is, the cardia. Patients in whom a diagnosis of GAVE was ...
Maule Simona - - 2002
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in diabetic patients has been related to impaired gastric clearance of bacteria due to autonomic neuropathy. Gastrointestinal dysfunction has been described in primary autonomic failure (AF). The aim of the study was to evaluate, for the first time, the presence of Hp infection and gastric function ...
Kanie J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The present study was carried out in order to elucidate the mechanism of the development of gastric ulcer, one of the serious complications of PEG tube placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 92 patients who underwent gastric endoscopy after PEG tube placement. Gastric ulcers ...
Ljubicić N - - 2002
Prospective investigation has been undertaken with the aim to study the frequency, location and age and sex distribution of various histological types of benign gastric epithelial polyps. Histological type--adenomatous, hyperplastic and fundic gland polyps--was diagnosed on the basis of at least three histological samples taken from the polyp. Biopsy samples ...
Yagi K - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Japan is high. Unlike the case in Western countries, H. pylori-induced gastritis in Japanese patients has a tendency to spread to the corpus. H. pylori-induced gastritis is characterized by a number of specific endoscopic findings. In a previous study, ...
Ishizu Hirotaka - - 2002
There have been a number of reports of gastric emptying in cirrhosis, all with unconfirmed results. Moreover, the mechanism for delayed emptying in cirrhotic patients is unclear. We evaluated gastric emptying in patients with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis by means of gastric emptying scintigraphy. METHODS: The subjects were 18 normal ...
Furusu H - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have shown that focal active gastritis seems to be the typical gastric pathology in Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of focal active gastritis, Helicobacter pylori infection and distribution of gastric mast cells and macrophages in patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative ...
Schoonjans Renaat - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: A delay in gastric emptying rate has been reported in peritoneal dialysis patients, often normalizing after evacuation of the dialysate. To evaluate the effect of the intraperitoneal volume, we compared this finding with a cirrhotic model in which gastric emptying was studied before and after a large-volume paracentesis. METHODS ...
Lehnert T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal seeding or liver metastases found at laparotomy usually preclude curative treatment in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma. Such exploratory laparotomies may be avoided by diagnostic laparoscopy. However, routine diagnostic laparoscopy does not benefit those patients who proceed to laparotomy after negative laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to ...
Kamiya Takeshi - - 2002
The existence of abnormal gastric motility in gastric ulcer disease remains controversial. The aim of this study was to characterize gastric motility in patients with recurrent gastric ulcers. Studies were performed in 10 control subjects and in 24 patients with recurrent active gastric ulcer disease as diagnosed by gastrointestinal endoscopy. ...
Lahner E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that 50% of patients with atrophic body gastritis have positive Helicobacter pylori antibody titres only. In atrophic body gastritis, a decrease in H. pylori antibodies after eradication treatment has been reported, suggesting that serology may indicate an active H. pylori infection. AIM: To investigate the ...
Distrutti E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Altered visceral perception is common in functional dyspepsia (FD). Dopaminergic pathways control gastrointestinal motility, but whether they modulate visceral sensitivity is unknown. AIM: To investigate whether levosulpiride, a D2 antagonist, modulates gastric sensitivity and compliance in dyspeptic patients. METHODS: Eight healthy subjects and 16 dyspeptic patients underwent graded gastric ...
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