Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1497
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Segal Refael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare the gastric juice microbiota of older people fed through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (PEG) with that of those fed through a nasogastric tube (NGT). DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. SETTING: Nursing and skilled nursing wards. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four elderly PEG-fed and 52 NGT-fed patients. MEASUREMENTS: Cultures from the ...
Delia Mario - - 2006
Here we describe a Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVI) patient with large granular (LG) lymphocytosis and systemic non-malignant lymphadenopathy who developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the stomach. This is the first report of gastric high-grade lymphoma with widespread lymphadenopathy in a patient with LG lymphocytosis associated with CVI.
Xu Sanping - - 2006
The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and PC6 points on solid gastric emptying and dyspeptic symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia. Nineteen patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) were involved in the study, consisting of two parts: (1) acute effects of EA ...
Iwasaki Hirohiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal motility is impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the gastrointestinal tract play a central role in gastrointestinal motility. The present study examined whether ICC density, or expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)- and substance P (SP)-containing nerves in the gastric ...
Mensink P B F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of splanchnic artery stenosis is often unclear. Gastric exercise tonometry enables the identification of patients with actual gastrointestinal ischaemia. A large group of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis was studied using standard investigations, including tonometry. METHODS: Patients referred with possible intestinal ischaemia were analysed prospectively, using ...
Hussain Dildar - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentations, of gastric stromal tumors with diagnostic methods, pathology and outcome after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A case series. DURATION AND SETTING: From January 1988 to December 2002 at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients of age 14 years and above, ...
Azagury D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine before Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) in asymptomatic morbidly obese patients: 1) the prevalence of abnormal findings at upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy; 2) Helicobacter pylori (HP) status; 3) clinical consequences of these findings; and 4) associated costs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 468 consecutive patients, excluded those ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2006
We assessed gastric myoelectric functioning in patients with various gastrointestinal symptoms and to determine the utility of electrogastrography in differentiating specific disease entities. Electrogastrography with a water load was performed in 101 patients with reflux disease, 55 patients with active gastric ulcer, 59 patients with functional dyspepsia, and 30 controls. ...
Pereira Carina - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the relationship between the -765G > C COX-2 polymorphism and the development of different gastric lesions: atrophy or intestinal metaplasia and gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed involving 320 Portuguese individuals (210 without evidence of neoplastic disease, 73 patients with gastric adenocarcinomas and 37 with ...
Andersson S - - 2006
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is effective for medically refractory nausea and vomiting in patients with idiopathic or diabetic gastroparesis (DGP). We studied whether GES has similar effects in chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP). Patients referred for chronic small bowel (SB) motor dysfunction requiring parenteral nutrition and having a weekly vomiting frequency ...
Lunding Johan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Impaired distension-induced gastric accommodation and hypersensitivity to distension have been demonstrated by gastric barostat in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). In this study we investigated distension-induced responses to gastric filling with water in healthy volunteers and FD patients, using non-invasive ultrasonography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen healthy volunteers and 18 ...
Nigam P K - - 2006
This study was carried out to check the precision of HbA(1c) values on Bio-Rad Variant II in cases of a rare hemoglobin variant Q India. The study was carried out over a three month period on samples collected for HbA(1c) estimation. Seven out of eleven patients showed variable results of ...
Mabrut Jean-Yves - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of duodenogastric reflux in the genesis of gastric polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although suggested by scintigraphy scanning studies, remains unclear. METHODS: Twenty-four hour intragastric bilirubin monitoring with the Bilitec optoelectronic device was carried out in 25 FAP patients, of whom 19 had gastric polyps (fundic ...
Mensink Peter B F - - 2006
Controversy continues about the mere existence of the celiac artery compression syndrome. Earlier results of treatment of unselected patients groups showed varying, mostly disappointing, results. The recently introduced gastric exercise tonometry test is able to identify patients with actual gastrointestinal ischemia. We prospectively studied the use of gastric exercise tonometry ...
Thong-Ngam Duangporn - - 2006
AIM: To determine the current status in various aspects of gastric cancer patients and to find out the clinical correlation with prognostic role of serum interleukins in Thai patients. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients were enrolled in this study at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital during April 2003 to May 2005. Gastric cancer ...
Michiura Taku - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the preserved function of the remnant stomach by gastric emptying scintigraphy in patients who underwent pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG), and it investigated whether this examination method is a useful tool for evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The residual stomach function was evaluated by gastric emptying scintigraphy in 45 ...
Chen Tseng-Shing - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a heterogeneous and loosely defined clinical syndrome that is characterized by persistent or recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen without any identifiable structural or biochemical basis. Gastric myoelectrical activity in functional dyspepsia patients with gastric reddish streaks as a subgroup has ...
Kunisaki Chikara - - 2006
Gastric carcinoma is relatively rare in patients under the age of 40. This study was undertaken to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of gastric carcinoma in younger patients compared with those of middle-aged patients. The surgical results from 131 younger patients (aged < or = 40 years) and ...
Chaves Dalton M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia is a disorder whose pathogenetic mechanism is unknown. The endoscopic treatment with argon plasma coagulation has been considered one of the best endoscopic therapeutic options. AIM: To analyze the endoscopic and clinical features of gastric antral vascular ectasia and its response to the argon plasma ...
van Lelyveld Niels - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the change in proximal and distal gastric volumes after ingestion of a nutrient drink and its relationship to upper abdominal sensations using three-dimensional ultrasonography. METHODS: Fifty FD patients, 20 GERD patients patients and 35 healthy controls participated. Partial gastric volumes and ...
Wun Chan Joyce Chee - - 2006
To study the clinical and hematologic features of pernicious anemia in Chinese, we describe 181 Chinese with megaloblastic anemia and low serum cobalamin, in association with either classic Schilling test results (82 patients) or the presence of serum antibody to intrinsic factor (99 patients), encountered in a regional hospital in ...
de Abreu Marilda Aparecida Milanez Morgado - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Multibacillary leprosy may involve the oral mucosa, with or without apparent lesions. There are few studies that deal with this issue in the era of multidrug therapy. AIM: To assess the frequency of oral mucosa involvement in multibacillary leprosy patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal study with twenty non-treated ...
Abidi N - - 2006
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is effective to improve symptoms of nausea and vomiting in most patients, but very little is known about the effect of varying stimulation parameters. We analysed stimulation parameters in a pilot study of 22 patients (12 idiopathic, four diabetic and four postsurgical) with drug-refractory gastroparesis who ...
Hu Chuangying - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the clinical, endoscopic and histological features of 31 patients with gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma to enable correct, early stage diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of 31 patients with gastric MALT lymphoma. The cases were examined immunohistologically ...
Knotzer Hans - - 2006
The pathophysiology of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is believed to be related to that of microcirculatory dysfunction. We hypothesized that the severity of MODS is determined by measuring regional variables of microvascular function and vascular reactivity in critically ill patients. Therefore, we compared (a) reactive hyperemia response in the ...
Darom Alexander - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the prognostic significance of PECAM-1, ICAM-3 and HLA-DR antigens in patients with primary non-Hodgkin's gastric lymphoma. METHODS: We immunohistochemically studied PECAM-1, ICAM-3 and HLA-DR antigen expression in 36 B-cell MALT-type primary gastric lymphoma patients. Ten non-malignant and ten healthy gastric tissue specimens were used as controls. Clinicopathological ...
Gholamrezanezhad Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Limited available data indicate that a specific pattern of increased gastric wall radiotracer uptake is associated with dyspepsia. Our purpose was to evaluate the frequency of this finding and its relation with dyspeptic evidences. METHOD: 1056 consecutive outpatients referred for myocardial perfusion SPECT were interviewed concerning the dyspeptic symptoms, ...
Csendes Attila - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite the large number of gastric bypasses performed for morbid obesity, very little is known about the endoscopic and histologic aspects of the gastric pouch and the Roux-limb late after surgery. We performed prospective routine endoscopic and histologic studies of the pouch and Roux-limb 2 years after gastric bypass. ...
Scheffer Robert C H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effects of Belsey Mark IV 270 degrees (partial) and Nissen 360 degrees (complete) fundoplication on proximal stomach function, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) elicitation and the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) pressure profile during TLESR to further elucidate the mechanism of action of fundoplication. ...
Yamagami T - - 2006
We present a patient with gastric varices complicating portal hypertension caused by liver cirrhosis related to hepatitis C virus. The patient underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. The gastric varices almost completely disappeared, without any sclerotic agent being used, after iatrogenic injury of the gastrorenal shunt at the time of the ...
Beltran N E - - 2006
Impedance spectroscopy has been proposed as a method of monitoring mucosal injury due to hypoperfusion and ischemia in critically ill patients. The present study characterizes human gastric impedance spectral changes under gastric hypoperfusion in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery, and evaluates spectral differences between patients with no evidence of gastric ischemia ...
Jensen Robert T - - 2006
Proton pump inhibitors are being increasingly used and for longer periods of time, especially in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Each of these trends has led to numerous studies and reviews of the potential risk-benefit ratio of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors. Both long-term effects of hypergastrinaemia due ...
Korenkov Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation for bariatric surgery is complex. Our investigation focused on the necessity for upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy as a routine procedure before performing gastric banding. METHODS: A consecutive series of 145 patients underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Gastroscopy was performed routinely before LAGB. All patients were interviewed ...
Carucci Laura R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the radiographic features of extraluminal leak after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) surgery at upper gastrointestinal (GI) examinations in a large series of patients and to determine morbidity and mortality in those patients with leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigational review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study, and ...
Angrill J - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in bronchial biopsies of patients with bronchiectasis, by histochemical and immunochemical staining. SETTING: 800-bed tertiary university hospital. METHODS: Observational study. Patients: forty-six patients with bronchiectasis in a stable clinical condition and 8 control patients. Interventions: Serum samples determination of IgG ...
Suzuki Atsuya - - 2005
In order to evaluate gastric motility and its circadian rhythm in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and healthy control subjects, we measured gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) for 24 hours using a cutaneous electrogastrogram (EGG) recorder in 14 MSA patients and 9 age-matched controls. We analyzed six 10-minute segments of ...
Hirako Makoto - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), but the pathogenesis of these symptoms is unclear. Gastric motor function in CRF patients remains controversial, and the correlation between GI symptoms and gastric motility is also unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the ...
Riezzo Giuseppe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among motility disorders, dyspeptic symptoms, and plasma levels of gastrointestinal hormones in cancer patients who were well controlled for post-chemotherapy emesis. METHODS: Twenty-five cancer patients treated with standard dosages of antiemetics and chemotherapies completed the study. Gastrointestinal symptoms were ...
Wylezol M - - 2005
The aim of this study was to analyse incidence and efficacy of revisional surgery for failed vertical banded gastroplasty among 458 patients who underwent primary surgery between 1993 and 2003. Staple line disruption was diagnosed in 29 patients and was an indication for restoration of gastroplasty in 10 cases and ...
Park D J - - 2006
AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of sentinel node (SN) biopsy for gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with gastric cancer diagnosed as cT1 (n=80) or cT2a (n=20) were enrolled. Indocyanine green-stained SNs were analysed by hematoxylin and eosin staining (n=100) and by cytokeratin immunohistochemistry (n=50). RESULTS: ...
Chitkara D K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aerophagia is a functional upper gastrointestinal disorder that has not previously been well described in a large patient group. AIMS: To describe the initial evaluation of patients who presented with symptoms of aerophagia at a tertiary medical centre. METHODS: A computerized search was used to identify all patients who ...
Nakamura Shigeo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although caspase recruitment domain (CARD) membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) protein 1 (CARMA1) and CARD9 play important roles in lymphocyte activation, the significance of CARMA1 and CARD9 in the pathogenesis of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma remains to be elucidated. METHODS: By using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis, the ...
Marciani Luca - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess gallbladder contraction, gastric emptying, and antral motility in untreated celiac patients and healthy controls using a single MRI examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gallbladder emptying, gastric emptying, and antral motility were measured in 15 celiac patients and 15 age/sex-matched healthy controls following a 323-kcal test meal using EPI ...
Aqel Bashar A - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Protein calorie malnutrition and weight loss are common among patients with cirrhosis and ascites. The cause of these symptoms is unclear, with several putative mechanisms proposed. The primary aims of this study were to compare gastric volumes and accommodation between patients with cirrhosis complicated by ascites and ...
Slater Guy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) fails in 5% of patients due to band-related complications or patient intolerance. A subset of patients subsequently managed with biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) have failed to achieve a percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) > 50% or a body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m(2) ...
Stephenson Jeffrey - - 2006
STUDY AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of aetiology-based guidelines for the management of nausea and vomiting (N&V) in patients with advanced cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 121 patients admitted to a hospice. Patients with N&V underwent assessments at presentation, ...
López-Santalla Mercedes - - 2006
25 patients with resectable gastric adenocarcinoma, subdivided according to the absence or presence of residual neoplasic disease (RND- or RND+, respectively), were studied. Cytofluorometric analysis and proliferative responses to mitogens was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients. When compared to healthy subjects, the percentage of CD3-expressing cells was ...
Lahner E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcome of atrophic body gastritis has not yet been defined. AIM: To investigate at long-term follow-up the behaviour of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia and the occurrence of neoplastic lesions in atrophic body gastritis patients. METHODS: Overall 106 atrophic body gastritis patients with > or = 4-year follow-up were ...
Miura Fumihiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The safety of spleen conservation without preservation of the splenic artery and vein was proved on the basis of short-term observation, but the long-term results of this procedure have been uncertain. To clarify the hemodynamic changes of splenogastric circulation of patients undergoing spleen-preserving pancreatectomy with excision of the splenic ...
Baltasar Aniceto - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), a restrictive operation, in different settings, is presented. METHODS: 31 patients underwent LSG in the following groups: 1) 7 patients with very high BMI as a first stage of the duodenal switch (DS); 2) 7 morbidly obese patients with severe medical ...
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