Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1511
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Boehme Michael W J - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Severe gastric inflammation or ulcer disease can alter gastric motility and influence sufficient glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, visceral neuropathy may reduce the perception of typical gastrointestinal symptoms in these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of silent ...
Santiago-Maldonado Ida Mary - - 2007
PURPOSE: Early satiety, nausea and vomiting have traditionally been associated with delayed gastric emptying (GE). A study was performed to determine the frequency of rapid/delayed GE in 100 patients sequentially referred for scintigraphic GE using a corn flakes and milk meal. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review of 100 consecutive ...
Lawal Adeyemi A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2007
Autonomic dysfunction is associated with a wide variety of gastrointestinal symptoms. It is unclear how many patients with autonomic dysfunction have slow or rapid gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of rapid and delayed solid phase gastric emptying in patients with autonomic dysfunction referred ...
Kalaitzakis Evangelos - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Altered gastric sensorimotor function is related to the symptomatology in several gastrointestinal diseases. Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with cirrhosis may result in low energy intake contributing to malnutrition and increased morbidity. The aim of this study was to investigate gastric accommodation to a meal and sensitivity to gastric distension ...
van Essen Martijn - - 2007
Foregut carcinoid tumours have a different embryological origin than other gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP NETs). In the total group of GEP NETs (n = 131), treatment with (177)Lu-octreotate resulted in tumour remission in 47% of patients, with a median time to progression (TTP) of >36 months. As patients with foregut ...
de Abreu Marilda Aparecida Milanez Morgado - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Involvement of the oral mucosa can occur in lepromatous leprosy; however, lesions in the oral mucosa of paucibacillary patients have not been previously observed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether clinical and subclinical lesions exist in oral mucosa in nontreated paucibacillary leprosy patients, using clinical ...
Sierpinska Teresa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to establish a connection between masticatory deficiency and pathomorphologic alterations of gastric mucosa in patients with dyspepsia. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 40 dyspeptic, edentulous and partially dentate patients and in 40 dyspeptic control patients with good dental status, the Optosil masticatory function test ...
Jonaitis Laimas - - 2007
The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and severity of precancerous condition--gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia (IM) between Eastern European (Lithuania and Latvia) and Asian (Taiwan) countries in population older than 55 years. METHODS: Patients aged 55 years and older, referred for upper endoscopy due to dyspeptic ...
Thorstenson Andreas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ileum resection in orthotopic neobladder construction on gastrointestinal function and metabolic control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 28 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and construction of an orthotopic neobladder or continent ileal reservoir for bladder cancer. As controls, 10 patients endoscopically treated for non-invasive ...
Kristinsson Jón O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described patients with foregut dysmotility in inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this case series was to evaluate clinical characteristics of 5 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and symptoms and signs of upper gut dysmotility. CASE PRESENTATIONS: We describe a series of four patients with Crohn's ...
Medhus Asle W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Dysmotility of the upper gastrointestinal tract has been reported in children with Hirschsprung's disease. In the present study, gastric emptying was studied in adult patients with Hirschsprung's disease to elucidate whether there is a persisting involvement of the upper gastrointestinal tract in this group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Ringhofer Claudia C University Clinic of Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, - - 2007
During endoscopy the stomach is considered to rise at the level of the 'gastric' folds; however, anatomical studies have demonstrated that the proximal gastric folds may in fact be esophageal. This prospective study was designed to assess the histopathology of endoscopically visible proximal gastric folds in patients with gastroesophageal reflux ...
Kadouchi K - - 2006
Background Atrophic and inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa are commonly observed in Japanese patients with functional dyspepsia. However, detailed data regarding the correlation between the severity of these changes and the symptoms of functional dyspepsia are not available. Aim To evaluate grading scales of gastric atrophy and inflammation, severity ...
Segal Refael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare the gastric juice microbiota of older people fed through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (PEG) with that of those fed through a nasogastric tube (NGT). DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. SETTING: Nursing and skilled nursing wards. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four elderly PEG-fed and 52 NGT-fed patients. MEASUREMENTS: Cultures from the ...
Delia Mario - - 2006
Here we describe a Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVI) patient with large granular (LG) lymphocytosis and systemic non-malignant lymphadenopathy who developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the stomach. This is the first report of gastric high-grade lymphoma with widespread lymphadenopathy in a patient with LG lymphocytosis associated with CVI.
Xu Sanping - - 2006
The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and PC6 points on solid gastric emptying and dyspeptic symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia. Nineteen patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) were involved in the study, consisting of two parts: (1) acute effects of EA ...
Iwasaki Hirohiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal motility is impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the gastrointestinal tract play a central role in gastrointestinal motility. The present study examined whether ICC density, or expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)- and substance P (SP)-containing nerves in the gastric ...
Mensink P B F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of splanchnic artery stenosis is often unclear. Gastric exercise tonometry enables the identification of patients with actual gastrointestinal ischaemia. A large group of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis was studied using standard investigations, including tonometry. METHODS: Patients referred with possible intestinal ischaemia were analysed prospectively, using ...
Hussain Dildar - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentations, of gastric stromal tumors with diagnostic methods, pathology and outcome after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A case series. DURATION AND SETTING: From January 1988 to December 2002 at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients of age 14 years and above, ...
Azagury D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine before Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) in asymptomatic morbidly obese patients: 1) the prevalence of abnormal findings at upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy; 2) Helicobacter pylori (HP) status; 3) clinical consequences of these findings; and 4) associated costs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 468 consecutive patients, excluded those ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2006
We assessed gastric myoelectric functioning in patients with various gastrointestinal symptoms and to determine the utility of electrogastrography in differentiating specific disease entities. Electrogastrography with a water load was performed in 101 patients with reflux disease, 55 patients with active gastric ulcer, 59 patients with functional dyspepsia, and 30 controls. ...
Pereira Carina C Serviço de Gastrenterologia, Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto FG EPE, Rua Dr. António Bernardino Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, - - 2006
To investigate the relationship between the -765G > C COX-2 polymorphism and the development of different gastric lesions: atrophy or intestinal metaplasia and gastric adenocarcinoma. A cross-sectional study was performed involving 320 Portuguese individuals (210 without evidence of neoplastic disease, 73 patients with gastric adenocarcinomas and 37 with atrophy or ...
Andersson S - - 2006
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is effective for medically refractory nausea and vomiting in patients with idiopathic or diabetic gastroparesis (DGP). We studied whether GES has similar effects in chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP). Patients referred for chronic small bowel (SB) motor dysfunction requiring parenteral nutrition and having a weekly vomiting frequency ...
Lunding Johan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Impaired distension-induced gastric accommodation and hypersensitivity to distension have been demonstrated by gastric barostat in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). In this study we investigated distension-induced responses to gastric filling with water in healthy volunteers and FD patients, using non-invasive ultrasonography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen healthy volunteers and 18 ...
Nigam P K - - 2006
This study was carried out to check the precision of HbA(1c) values on Bio-Rad Variant II in cases of a rare hemoglobin variant Q India. The study was carried out over a three month period on samples collected for HbA(1c) estimation. Seven out of eleven patients showed variable results of ...
Mabrut Jean-Yves - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of duodenogastric reflux in the genesis of gastric polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although suggested by scintigraphy scanning studies, remains unclear. METHODS: Twenty-four hour intragastric bilirubin monitoring with the Bilitec optoelectronic device was carried out in 25 FAP patients, of whom 19 had gastric polyps (fundic ...
Mensink Peter B F - - 2006
Controversy continues about the mere existence of the celiac artery compression syndrome. Earlier results of treatment of unselected patients groups showed varying, mostly disappointing, results. The recently introduced gastric exercise tonometry test is able to identify patients with actual gastrointestinal ischemia. We prospectively studied the use of gastric exercise tonometry ...
Thong-Ngam Duangporn D Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. - - 2006
To determine the current status in various aspects of gastric cancer patients and to find out the clinical correlation with prognostic role of serum interleukins in Thai patients. Sixty-eight patients were enrolled in this study at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital during April 2003 to May 2005. Gastric cancer was histologically ...
Michiura Taku - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the preserved function of the remnant stomach by gastric emptying scintigraphy in patients who underwent pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG), and it investigated whether this examination method is a useful tool for evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The residual stomach function was evaluated by gastric emptying scintigraphy in 45 ...
Chen Tseng-Shing - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a heterogeneous and loosely defined clinical syndrome that is characterized by persistent or recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen without any identifiable structural or biochemical basis. Gastric myoelectrical activity in functional dyspepsia patients with gastric reddish streaks as a subgroup has ...
Kunisaki Chikara - - 2006
Gastric carcinoma is relatively rare in patients under the age of 40. This study was undertaken to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics and surgical outcomes of gastric carcinoma in younger patients compared with those of middle-aged patients. The surgical results from 131 younger patients (aged < or = 40 years) and ...
Chaves Dalton M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia is a disorder whose pathogenetic mechanism is unknown. The endoscopic treatment with argon plasma coagulation has been considered one of the best endoscopic therapeutic options. AIM: To analyze the endoscopic and clinical features of gastric antral vascular ectasia and its response to the argon plasma ...
van Lelyveld Niels - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the change in proximal and distal gastric volumes after ingestion of a nutrient drink and its relationship to upper abdominal sensations using three-dimensional ultrasonography. METHODS: Fifty FD patients, 20 GERD patients patients and 35 healthy controls participated. Partial gastric volumes and ...
Wun Chan Joyce Chee - - 2006
To study the clinical and hematologic features of pernicious anemia in Chinese, we describe 181 Chinese with megaloblastic anemia and low serum cobalamin, in association with either classic Schilling test results (82 patients) or the presence of serum antibody to intrinsic factor (99 patients), encountered in a regional hospital in ...
de Abreu Marilda Aparecida Milanez Morgado - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Multibacillary leprosy may involve the oral mucosa, with or without apparent lesions. There are few studies that deal with this issue in the era of multidrug therapy. AIM: To assess the frequency of oral mucosa involvement in multibacillary leprosy patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal study with twenty non-treated ...
Abidi N - - 2006
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is effective to improve symptoms of nausea and vomiting in most patients, but very little is known about the effect of varying stimulation parameters. We analysed stimulation parameters in a pilot study of 22 patients (12 idiopathic, four diabetic and four postsurgical) with drug-refractory gastroparesis who ...
Hu Chuangying - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the clinical, endoscopic and histological features of 31 patients with gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma to enable correct, early stage diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of 31 patients with gastric MALT lymphoma. The cases were examined immunohistologically ...
Knotzer Hans - - 2006
The pathophysiology of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is believed to be related to that of microcirculatory dysfunction. We hypothesized that the severity of MODS is determined by measuring regional variables of microvascular function and vascular reactivity in critically ill patients. Therefore, we compared (a) reactive hyperemia response in the ...
Darom Alexander A Laboratory of Surgical Research, First Department of Propaedeutic Surgery, Athens Medical School, Hippokration Hospital of Athens, 114 Q. Sofia Avenue, 11527 Athens, - - 2006
To investigate the prognostic significance of PECAM-1, ICAM-3 and HLA-DR antigens in patients with primary non-Hodgkin's gastric lymphoma. We immunohistochemically studied PECAM-1, ICAM-3 and HLA-DR antigen expression in 36 B-cell MALT-type primary gastric lymphoma patients. Ten non-malignant and ten healthy gastric tissue specimens were used as controls. Clinicopathological and survival ...
Gholamrezanezhad Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Limited available data indicate that a specific pattern of increased gastric wall radiotracer uptake is associated with dyspepsia. Our purpose was to evaluate the frequency of this finding and its relation with dyspeptic evidences. METHOD: 1056 consecutive outpatients referred for myocardial perfusion SPECT were interviewed concerning the dyspeptic symptoms, ...
Csendes Attila - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite the large number of gastric bypasses performed for morbid obesity, very little is known about the endoscopic and histologic aspects of the gastric pouch and the Roux-limb late after surgery. We performed prospective routine endoscopic and histologic studies of the pouch and Roux-limb 2 years after gastric bypass. ...
Scheffer Robert C H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effects of Belsey Mark IV 270 degrees (partial) and Nissen 360 degrees (complete) fundoplication on proximal stomach function, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) elicitation and the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) pressure profile during TLESR to further elucidate the mechanism of action of fundoplication. ...
Yamagami T - - 2006
We present a patient with gastric varices complicating portal hypertension caused by liver cirrhosis related to hepatitis C virus. The patient underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. The gastric varices almost completely disappeared, without any sclerotic agent being used, after iatrogenic injury of the gastrorenal shunt at the time of the ...
Beltran N E - - 2006
Impedance spectroscopy has been proposed as a method of monitoring mucosal injury due to hypoperfusion and ischemia in critically ill patients. The present study characterizes human gastric impedance spectral changes under gastric hypoperfusion in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery, and evaluates spectral differences between patients with no evidence of gastric ischemia ...
Jensen Robert T - - 2006
Proton pump inhibitors are being increasingly used and for longer periods of time, especially in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Each of these trends has led to numerous studies and reviews of the potential risk-benefit ratio of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors. Both long-term effects of hypergastrinaemia due ...
Korenkov Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation for bariatric surgery is complex. Our investigation focused on the necessity for upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy as a routine procedure before performing gastric banding. METHODS: A consecutive series of 145 patients underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Gastroscopy was performed routinely before LAGB. All patients were interviewed ...
Carucci Laura R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the radiographic features of extraluminal leak after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) surgery at upper gastrointestinal (GI) examinations in a large series of patients and to determine morbidity and mortality in those patients with leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigational review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study, and ...
Angrill J J Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'lnvestigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Universitat de Barcelona (UB), Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. - - 2006
To investigate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in bronchial biopsies of patients with bronchiectasis, by histochemical and immunochemical staining. 800-bed tertiary university hospital. Observational study. forty-six patients with bronchiectasis in a stable clinical condition and 8 control patients. Serum samples determination of IgG levels for H. pylori by ...
Suzuki Atsuya - - 2005
In order to evaluate gastric motility and its circadian rhythm in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and healthy control subjects, we measured gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA) for 24 hours using a cutaneous electrogastrogram (EGG) recorder in 14 MSA patients and 9 age-matched controls. We analyzed six 10-minute segments of ...
Hirako Makoto - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), but the pathogenesis of these symptoms is unclear. Gastric motor function in CRF patients remains controversial, and the correlation between GI symptoms and gastric motility is also unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the ...
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