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Rikimaru Mitsue - - 2012
Post-transcriptional taurine modification at the first anticodon ("wobble") nucleotide is deficient in A3243G-mutant mitochondrial (mt) tRNA(Leu(UUR)) of patients with myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Wobble nucleotide modifications in tRNAs have recently been identified to be important in the accurate and efficient deciphering of codons. We herein examined ...
Ibrahim Ibrahim - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Modulation of neurodegeneration by physical activity is an active topic in contemporary research. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the brain's microstructure in multiple sclerosis (MS) after facilitation physiotherapy. METHODS: Eleven patients with MS were examined using motor and neuropsychological testing and multimodal MRI at ...
De Ciuceis Carolina - - 2011
Structural alterations of subcutaneous small resistance arteries, as indicated by an increased media:lumen ratio, are frequently present in hypertensive and/or diabetic patients and may represent the earliest alteration observed. In addition, media:lumen ratios of small arteries have a strong prognostic significance. However, no data are available about the structure of ...
Maksud Fabiana A N - - 2011
Background: Ghrelin is a peptide secreted mainly by gastric mucosa, and has been implicated in the regulation of eating behavior and weight balance. Obesity and H. pylori infection are associated with changes in plasma ghrelin levels. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the density of ghrelin-producing cells in the ...
Fathi Mina - - 2011
The soluble forms of Fas and its ligand (sFas and sFasL) correlate with disease progression in various malignancies. We compared serum levels of sFas and sFasL in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and healthy children to determine the prognostic significance of these molecules. Serum levels of sFas and sFasL were ...
Mitter Diana - - 2011
Patients with an interstitial 13q deletion that contains the RB1 gene show retinoblastoma and variable clinical features. Relationship between phenotypic expression and loss of specific neighboring genes are unresolved, yet. We obtained clinical, cytogenetic and molecular data in 63 patients with an interstitial 13q deletion involving RB1. Whole-genome array analysis ...
Bond David J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Compared with normal-weight patients, obese patients with bipolar I disorder (BD) suffer more manic and depressive episodes and make more suicide attempts. In the general population, obesity is associated with reduced total brain volume (TBV) and gray matter volume (GMV), but the neurobiology of obesity in BD has not ...
Lassailly Guillaume - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Liver biopsy is considered as the gold standard for assessing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) histologic lesions in patients with morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of noninvasive markers of fibrosis (FibroTest), steatosis (SteatoTest), and steatohepatitis (NashTest, ActiTest) in these patients. MATERIALS ...
Liu Hao - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity and decreased kidney function have been shown to be prevalent in Western patients with heart failure; however, whether this phenomenon exists in Chinese patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: One thousand and nine patients with CHF from the China Heart Survey were ...
Arango Celso - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare coronary heart disease (CHD) risk and metabolic syndrome (MS) prevalence in patients with deficit (DS) and non-deficit schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics. A total of 1452 antipsychotic-treated outpatients meeting criteria for schizophrenia, schizophreniform or schizoaffective disorder were included in this cross-sectional multicentre study. ...
Chatzikonstantinou Anastasios - - 2011
Patients with cardioembolic ischemic stroke from nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are candidates for long-term anticoagulation. This study examines the prevalence of cerebral microbleeds (MBs) in stroke patients with NVAF. A total of 132 consecutive ischemic stroke patients with NVAF admitted to our Stroke Unit were recruited if complete magnetic resonance ...
Amine Bouchra - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight among Moroccan children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with JIA according to the International League of Association of Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria were included consecutively in this study. The median age of patients was 11±3.3years (range 2-16). ...
Dean Steven M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous reports regarding elephantiasis nostras verrucosa (ENV) have been typically limited to 3 or fewer patients. OBJECTIVES: We sought to statistically ascertain what demographic features and clinical variables are associated with ENV. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 21 patients with ENV from 2006 to 2008 was performed and ...
Merle J V - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An imbalance in appetite-regulating neuropeptides of the central nervous system has been associated with anorexia nervosa (AN), but the mechanisms of action are poorly understood. Agouti-related protein (AGRP), an orexigenic mediator of the hypothalamus, increases food intake and decreases energy expenditure in times of negative energy balance. The aim ...
Ersöz Feyzullah - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visceral obesity is one of the main components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The retroperitoneal fat area (RFA) is part of the intraabdominal adipose mass. The aim of this clinical trial was to determine whether there is an association between the RFA measurement and MetS components in patients undergoing ...
Biere-Rafi S - - 2011
Summary.  Obesity is a major health concern not only in the general population but also in patients with haemophilia. Little is known about the consequences of obesity for haemophilia patients. As obesity is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis, these effects may be even more pronounced in haemophilia patients who ...
Aghdassi Elaheh - - 2011
Introduction: Circulating fatty acids (FAs) may play a role in the disease pathogenesis of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Objectives: To compare red blood cell (RBC) and plasma FA composition: (1) between female SLE patients and age-matched healthy female (HF) controls and in SLE with history of cardiovascular disease ...
Katsaros K M - - 2011
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represents the most important treatment of coronary artery stenosis today. But instent restenosis (ISR) is a limitation for the outcome. Fas and Fas Ligand have been implicated in apoptosis and vessel wall inflammation. Their role in ISR is not known so far. In this prospective study ...
Wu Chia-Chun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Five components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been identified as predictive of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in the general population: impaired fasting glucose, abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Whether MetS and its components are also predictive of CVEs in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients remains unclear. We ...
Hamdy Nadia M - - 2011
This researcher previously found that serum levels of some inflammatory cytokines are elevated in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hence, this study investigated the relationship between circulating levels of pro-anti-inflammatory cytokines, T-cell activation marker and carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) for the first time in obese Egyptian patients with heart ...
Kim W H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> This study was performed to assess whether intubation is more difficult in obese patients and to assess the ability of a new index: the ratio of the neck circumference to thyromental distance (NC/TM), to predict difficult intubation in obese patients. METHODS: /st> The incidence of difficult tracheal intubation ...
Lauffer Adriana - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The link between diabetes mellitus and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is controversial. We assessed the relationship between glycemic control (GC) and GERD in morbidly obese patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients with morbid obesity (n = 86) underwent manometry, pH-metry, endoscopy, and contrasted X-ray after responding to a GERD questionnaire and dosing fasting ...
Makino Takahiro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Pathological studies showed both pontine transverse (cortico-ponto-cerebellar) and longitudinal (corticospinal) fibers degenerate in MSA. The objective was to investigate the association between the development of cross sign, degenerations of pontine fibers, and the frequency of pyramidal signs in MSA. METHODS: Patients with MSA (n=26) and healthy subjects (n=27) were ...
Sipola Petri - - 2011
Venous thromboemboli can cause both pulmonary embolism (PE) and paradoxical embolism in the presence of a cardiac right-to-left shunt. Our aim was to prospectively assess the prevalence of PE in patients with ischemic stroke with suspected cardiogenic etiology and thereby to clarify the possible role of paradoxical embolism as a ...
Hanson E - - 2011
Summary.  Background: Compared with coronary artery disease, there are few studies on von Willebrand factor (VWF) in ischemic stroke (IS). Moreover, there is little information on VWF in the etiologic subtypes of IS. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate VWF in IS and in the etiologic subtypes ...
Burgess Richard E - - 2011
Multimodal neuroimaging is assuming an increasingly important role in the initial evaluation and management of acute stroke patients in parallel with the expansion of therapeutic options. Multimodal MRI can identify the type of stroke (ischemia or hemorrhage), severity and location of the lesion, the patency of the intracranial vessels, the ...
Burger Charles D - - 2011
To investigate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure in a large population of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The BMI of patients with group 1 PAH enrolled in the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL) was compared with that ...
Vasileiou A-M - - 2011
Oedema is a common finding in obesity and its cause is not always clear. Possible causes include impairment of cardiac, respiratory and/or renal function, chronic venous insufficiency and lymphatic problems. Lymphoscintigraphy is the best method to detect structural lymphatic abnormalities that can cause lymphoedema. We reviewed 49 female subjects with ...
Kuruvilla Abraham - - 2011
Up to 15-25% of patients with ischemic stroke wake up with their deficits. Because of the uncertainty about the time of onset, these patients are generally not offered thrombolytic therapy. Some of these wake-up stroke patients may be eligible for acute endovascular stroke therapy based on hyperacute CT or MR ...
Zimmermann Esther - - 2011
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major hepatic consequence of obesity. It has been suggested that the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an obesity-independent surrogate marker of severity of NAFLD, especially development of non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis (NASH), but this remains controversial. We aimed to investigate whether associations between various ...
Cohen Gerald - - 2011
Dysfunction of polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNLs) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients contributes to a diminished immune defence. The serum levels of leptin are elevated in patients with ESRD. We analysed in vitro effects of leptin on PMNLs from healthy subjects (HS; n = 12) and haemodialysis (HD) patients (n = ...
Feuillan Penelope P - - 2011
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder of the primary cilium associated with obesity. In BBS mouse models, ciliary dysfunction leads to impaired leptin signaling and hyperleptinemia before obesity onset. To study the pathophysiology of obesity in BBS, we compared patients with BBS and body mass index Z-score (BMI-Z)-matched ...
Koskinen Anna - - 2011
In the present study, we investigated the role of adipocytokine leptin in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) by measuring its effects on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production in human OA cartilage. In addition, the correlations between leptin and MMP concentrations in synovial fluid from OA patients were studied. Cartilage tissue obtained ...
Schiavon Leonardo L - - 2011
The role of apoptosis in treatment-induced HCV clearance is controversial. We sought to assess the kinetics of serum apoptosis-related cytokines during pegylated interferon-α2a or -α2b plus weight-based ribavirin therapy for genotype 1 chronic HCV infection. Serum levels of soluble Fas (sFas), soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) and soluble tumour necrosis factor ...
Moriyama Yukie - - 2011
The risk of cardiovascular disease is substantially high in hemodialysis patients. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients include age, malnutrition, duration of dialysis, diabetes mellitus and hyperphosphatemia. However, it is not clear whether cardiovascular disease is associated with abdominal obesity in dialysis patients. The aim of the ...
Binder R K - - 2011
The burden of abdominal obesity (AO) and its association with other cardiovascular risk factors is not known in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients attending cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of AO and differences in cardiovascular risk factors between AO and non-AO ...
Díez Juan José - - 2011
We aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum leptin and the leptin/body mass index (BMI) ratio with prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD), and their influence on all-cause and CVD-related mortality in patients on hemodialysis (HD). 118 stable HD patients (50 women, median [interquartile range] age, 65.1 [54.7-72.2] years) were studied. All ...
Koh S-H - - 2011
in this prospective study, we evaluated mutual relationships amongst microbleeds, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and neurological deterioration in patients with their first acute lacunar stroke. based on diffusion-weighted image findings, we recruited 206 patients with their first acute lacunar stroke. Those without a MRI scan were excluded. Small (a maximum lesion ...
Vayá A - - 2011
Background: The pathogenic role of hyperhomocysteinemia in cryptogenic stroke is not well established. We aimed to determine homocysteine levels in patients with cryptogenic stroke considering the possible variables that may act as confounders and analyze the influence of obesity on this association. Patients and methods: We conducted a case-control study ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the spectrum of skin diseases seen among adult obese patients referred to Farwaniya Hospital. Materials and Methods: A total of 437 overweight/obese subjects (200 men and 237 women) aged 18-74 years were enrolled in the study, which was conducted from ...
Janssen A W M - - 2011
To analyze risk factors for ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in young adults under the age of 50. To make recommendations for additional research and practical consequences. From 97 patients with ischemic stroke or TIA under the age of 50, classical cardiovascular risk factors, coagulation disorders, history of ...
Pecori Giraldi Francesca - - 2011
Desmopressin is a known haemostatic agent and is also being used, albeit at lower doses, during the diagnostic work-up of Cushing's syndrome, a condition characterized by excess cortisol concentrations and frequent thromboembolic events. No study has yet evaluated whether administration of desmopressin for diagnostic purposes induces significant, adverse changes in ...
Hung Jen-Wen JW Department of Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, - - 2011
The objectives of this study are to investigate the long-term effect of anterior ankle-foot orthosis on the functional walking ability of chronic stroke patients and their subjective perception and to identify the type of chronic stroke patients who are better responders to the wearing of anterior ankle-foot orthosis. This is ...
Karcz W K - - 2011
Background. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 85% of adipose patients and may proceed to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). With insulin resistance and obesity being the main risk factors for NASH, the effect of isolated sleeve gastrectomy (ISG) on these parameters was examined. Methods. 236 patients underwent ISG ...
Barceló A - - 2011
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) occur frequently in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). We hypothesised that circulating free fatty acids (FFAs) are elevated in OSAS patients independently of obesity. This elevation may contribute to the development of MS in these patients. We studied 119 OSAS patients and 119 ...
Chou Yii-Her - - 2010
The prevalence and incidence of urinary stone disease have been reported to be associated with body weight and body mass index (BMI). The aim of the study was to determine the difference in stone components among different BMI groups in patients with urolithiasis. Between Dec 2005 and Jan 2008, 907 ...
Frauscher Birgit - - 2011
Friedreich ataxia (FA) is the most common type of hereditary ataxia. Frataxin deficiency due to a GAA expansion in the first intron of chromosome 9 results in intramitochondrial iron accumulation. On the basis of the patients' complaints about sleep disturbance and pathophysiological considerations, we systematically assessed sleep history and polysomnography ...
Frauscher Birgit - - 2010
Friedreich ataxia (FA) is the most common type of hereditary ataxia. Frataxin deficiency due to a GAA expansion in the first intron of chromosome 9 results in intramitochondrial iron accumulation. On the basis of the patients' complaints about sleep disturbance and pathophysiological considerations, we systematically assessed sleep history and polysomnography ...
Benson Lacey J - - 2011
Obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem among American children. Screening for obesity associated comorbid conditions has been shown to be inconsistent. The current study was undertaken to explore patterns of ordering screening tests among obese pediatric patients. We analyzed electronic medical records (EMR) from 69,901 patients ages 2-18 years ...
Vemmos Konstantinos - - 2011
limited data exist concerning obesity and survival in patients after acute stroke. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between obesity and survival in patients with acute first-ever stroke. patients were prospectively investigated based on a standard diagnostic protocol over a period of 16 years. Evaluation was ...
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