Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2118
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Palazzo Paola - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) studies demonstrated that cerebral vasomotor reactivity (VMR) can predict the outcome of carotid artery occlusion (CAO). Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive optical method for assessing hemoglobin (Hb) oxygenation parameters. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of NIRS parameters as prognostic markers ...
Ahmad Omar - - 2010
Both transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal (TOE) echocardiography are used routinely to investigate ischaemic stroke. We retrospectively assessed the incidence of abnormalities on TTE/TOE and whether an abnormal TTE/TOE result could have been predicted on the basis of ancillary tests and clinical cardiological examination. Data from 428 patients were analysed. The ...
Brouns Raf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although uric acid (UA) is one of the most important antioxidants in plasma and appears to be neuroprotective in animal models, results from human studies are controversial. In this study, we investigated the kinetics of serum UA concentrations in the acute, subacute and chronic phase of ischemic stroke and ...
De Reuck Jacques - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine with aura (MA) is considered as a risk factor for ischaemic stroke. The present observational retrospective study compares migraine patients admitted for a documented stroke with those presenting focal neurological symptoms and headache without a demonstrable lesion and in which the final diagnosis was a migraine ...
Shiber Joseph R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies of stroke in the 1970s and 1980s have reported the percentage of ischemic stroke as 73% to 86%, with hemorrhagic stroke as only 8% to 18%; the remainder was undetermined (due to not performing computed tomographic [CT] scanning or an autopsy). In our clinical work, it appeared ...
Chau Anson C M - - 2010
Acupuncture is used as a treatment in stroke patients with aphasia, yet the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. This study aims to examine the relationship between changes in language function and brain activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging in chronic stroke patients with aphasia who underwent an 8-week acupuncture protocol. ...
Ariës M J H - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether leukoaraiosis on baseline CT is associated with an increased risk of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) or poor outcome following tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment for acute ischaemic stroke is still a matter of debate. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the presence and severity of leukoaraiosis ...
Samiullah Shaikh - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To observe frequency of various causes of stroke in patients of young (15-35 years) age. METHODS: This Descriptive case series study was conducted in all Medical Units of Liaquat University Hospital (LUH) Jamshoro, Hyderabad, from August 2006 to February 2008 and included 50 patients of stroke aged 15-35 years, ...
Etgen Thorleif - - 2010
Bilateral superior altitudinal hemianopia is an uncommon clinical presentation of ischemic stroke. We report a patient who had an ischemic stroke with a pure bilateral superior altitudinal hemianopia resulting from bilateral ischemia in the optic radiation. This symptom was first overlooked and a delusion was suspected. A thorough clinical examination ...
Spengos Konstantinos - - 2010
Cardioembolism is the most frequent cause of ischemic stroke in Greece. However, data regarding this stroke subtype in young adults from Greece and the East Mediterranean area are scarce. We aimed to determine the source of embolism and evaluate outcomes in a sample of young Greek patients with ischemic stroke ...
Broniatowski Michael M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Ohio, - - 2010
We undertook to determine whether paced vocal fold adduction can check aspiration in patients with various neurologic conditions. Five patients with fluoroscopically documented aspiration and repeated pneumonias were enrolled. Two previously reported patients with hemispheric stroke were compared to 3 additional subjects with brain stem-basal ganglia and cerebellar stroke, cerebral ...
Comolli Lorenzo - - 2010
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a well established method in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. Indeed, a bilateral movement such as cycling induced by FES would be crucial for these patients who had an unilateral motor impairment and had to recover an equivalent use of limbs. The aim of this ...
Stamenova Vessela - - 2010
The study investigated performance on pantomime and imitation of transitive and intransitive gestures in 80 stroke patients, 42 with left (LHD) and 38 with right (RHD) hemisphere damage. Patients were also categorized in two groups based on the time that has elapsed between their stroke and the apraxia assessment: acute-subacute ...
Roffe Christine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disordered breathing is common in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Nocturnal hypoxia may lead to daytime tiredness and cognitive impairment, thus affecting progress. This study assessed the prevalence of nocturnal hypoxia during rehabilitation from stroke. DESIGN: Prospective observational trial. SETTING: The stroke rehabilitation wards of the North Staffordshire Hospital, ...
Tong D M - - 2010
Despite evidence from clinical and population studies, the aim of the present study was to suggest that multiple factors contribute to periodic breathing (PB). However, little information has been focused on episodes of tracheobronchial infections (TBI) preceding PB onset. Thirty subjects with acute stroke who had PB and 41 subjects ...
Azarpazhooh Mahmoud Reza - - 2010
Serum heat shock protein 27 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody titers (anti-HSP27) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentrations were measured in samples from 168 patients in the first 24 hours after the onset of stroke and 80 age-and sex-matched control participants. In patients with stroke, median serum anti-HSP27 titer was significantly ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2010
According to the current guidelines, the patent foramen ovale (PFO) is still considered a qualitative factor and, as a consequence, its closure is recommended just on the basis of its 'presence'. In the year 2008, we evaluated 25 patients (mean age 62.7) with acute cerebrovascular event and 92 patients (mean ...
De Reuck Jacques - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Early intravenous treatment with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) improves the outcome of patients with an acute ischemic stroke. This retrospective observational study analyses whether rt-PA treatment also prevents the occurrence of early- and late-onset seizures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients treated with rt-PA were compared to ...
Page Stephen J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conventional electrical stimulation modalities are limited by their lack of opportunities for motor learning and, consequently, their impact on function. Other rehabilitative regimens necessitate affected hand and wrist movement for patients to be included, making them implausible for most patients. In light of these challenges, the current ...
Man B L - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Coexisting ischemic heart disease (IHD) and concurrent atherosclerosis of intracranial and extracranial vessels is common in Asians. This study aims to investigate the long-term outcomes of ischemic stroke patients with concurrent stenoses and IHD. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in Hong Kong. Consecutive Chinese patients ...
van Swigchem Roos R Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether community-dwelling chronic stroke patients wearing an ankle-foot orthosis would benefit from changing to functional electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve. In 26 community-dwelling chronic (> 6 months post-onset) patients after stroke, their ankle-foot orthosis was replaced by a surface-based functional electrical ...
Baptista Miguel Viana - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fabry disease is an X-linked monogenic disorder caused by mutations in the GLA gene. Recent data suggest that stroke in young adults may be associated with Fabry disease. We aimed to ascertain the prevalence of this disorder among young adult patients with stroke in Portugal by GLA ...
Kuwashiro Takahiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atheromatous plaques of the aortic arch that extend to the origin of its branches may cause stroke. The frequency and clinical implications of plaque at the origin of the left subclavian artery (LSCA) in patients with recent ischemic stroke were investigated. METHODS: We studied 347 consecutive patients (223 men, ...
Ferrari J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: TIA is associated with a substantial short-term risk of stroke and is thus increasingly recognized as an unstable condition necessitating full medical attention. Our study sought to assess the rate of and predictors for early deterioration after TIA or minor stroke in a large nationwide survey among Austrian stroke ...
Seo Han Gil - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate longitudinal changes of the swallowing process in stroke patients with aspiration using kinematic analysis. Twenty-eight subacute stroke patients with aspiration on fluid at initial videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were included. Follow-up VFSS was performed at 2-4 weeks after initial studies that were conducted ...
Anagnostou E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Single cases with hemispheric, cortical or subcortical, ischemic lesions presenting with rotational vertigo (RV), that challenge the notion of infratentorial or peripheral generation of RV have been published, but the incidence of this symptom in a larger series is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Lee Ju-Hun - - 2010
Patients with acute cardioembolic stroke frequently show hemorrhagic transformation (HTr). We attempted to identify predictors of symptomatic HTr in acute ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation (AF). Of the consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with AF at 12 hospitals in Korea, patients with posterior circulation stroke or thrombolytic therapy were excluded. ...
Kim Myeong Hee - - 2010
Rapid diagnosis and timely treatment improves the outcome in patients with ischemic stroke, but a rapid and sensitive blood test for ischemic stroke does not exist. This study tested whether a panel of biomarkers might be useful in the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. Consecutive patients with suspected stroke presenting ...
Silva Gisele S - - 2010
Approximately 25% of ischemic stroke patients awaken with neurological deficits. In these patients, in whom the time from symptom onset is uncertain, brain imaging is a potential strategy to characterize the ischemia duration and the presence of salvageable brain tissue. We prospectively evaluated consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke. CT ...
Vuckovi? Biljana A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of mortality and morbidity in most countries in the world. Impaired fibrinolysis, as well as disordered lipid metabolism have been recognized as risk factors for this disease. OBJECTIVE: To study some of fibrinolytic parameters, lipid status and lipoprotein(a) - Lp(a) in ischemic ...
Barlinn Kristian - - 2010
Background. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition in patients with acute ischemic stroke and associated with early clinical deterioration and poor functional outcome. However, noninvasive ventilatory correction is hardly considered as a complementary treatment option during the treatment phase of acute ischemic stroke. Summary of Case. A 55-year-old ...
Bingjie Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a common complication of stroke and is a potential cause for aspiration and malnutrition and is also associated with poor outcome. Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study (VFSS) is the most objective method for evaluation of swallowing disorders. AIM: To investigate the incidence and characteristics of penetration-aspiration in post-stroke patients, ...
Kim Joon-Tae - - 2010
Patients with intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) are at high risk of early recurrence or neurologic deterioration. Although minor stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) seem benign, their occurrence in patients with ICAS may lead to early neurological deterioration (END). We aimed to identify factors associated with END in ICAS patients presenting ...
Tong Dao-Ming - - 2010
Although there have been sporadic reports of patients with hemorrhagic pure sensory strokes (HPSS) in the thalamus and striatocapsular areas, the causes, clinical featuring and long-term outcome have not been adequately investigated. We recruited 7 consecutive patients without hemiparetic stroke who had HPSS in the thalamic and striatocapsular areas. A ...
Shono Yuji - - 2010
To elucidate the frequency and clinical profiles of patients with medial medullary infarction (MMI) identified by diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI). We assessed the frequency, radiological findings, etiology and clinical features of MMI detected by DWI from our single-center registry of acute ischemic patients. Thirty patients (1.5% of 2,014 with ischemic stroke) ...
Chang Li-Teh - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-10 in patients after acute ischemic stroke (IS) is not well understood. This study tested the hypothesis that serum levels of IL-10 are substantially increased after IS and predictive of IS outcome. METHODS: Serum IL-10 levels were examined 48 h after acute IS in ...
Zhang C E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of three or more of the following risk factors: obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated triglyceride level, elevated glucose level, and low high-density lipoprotein level. Lacunar infarcts (LS) account for 25% of all ischemic strokes and are small, deeply located brain infarcts. Two different ...
Naccarato Marcello - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endocannabinoids (eCBs) are ubiquitous lipid mediators that act on specific (CB1, CB2) and non-specific (TRPV1, PPAR) receptors. Despite many experimental animal studies proved eCB involvement in the pathogenesis of stroke, such evidence is still lacking in human patients. Our aim was to determine eCB peripheral levels in acute stroke ...
Kwon Yong Hyun - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: No prior study has reported on the cortical activation pattern in hemiparetic patients with a pontine infarct. The aim of this study was to investigate the cortical activation pattern of hemiparetic patients with a pontine infarct, using functional MRI scanning (fMRI). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Fifteen consecutive patients who showed ...
Hussain Muhammad S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endovascular stroke therapy is used for patients with ischemic stroke after failed intravenous thrombolysis or in patients not eligible for thrombolytics. With increasing experience, acute reocclusion has been described and likely worsens clinical outcomes. We assessed the rates and outcomes of delayed symptomatic reocclusion after endovascular therapy for acute ...
Weber R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Caucasian patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses (ICAS), only limited data on the recurrent stroke rate and its associated risk factors have been reported. In view of the increasing options for endovascular interventions, we sought to investigate the prevalence, ...
Kukla MichaƂ - - 2010
Visfatin has been identified as a new adipokine with proinflammatory and immunomodulating properties. It seems to interfere with immune and fibrogenic process in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim was to assess visfatin expression in the liver tissue and its association with biochemical parameters and morphological features in NAFLD ...
Korn-Lubetzki Isabelle - - 2010
The effect of hypothermia as a possible neuroprotective tool on the outcome of cardiac surgery is still controversial. We retrospectively assessed all patients who underwent cardiac surgery within a 14-year period and compared patients with and without postoperative stroke. Stroke occurred more frequently in patients who underwent valve repair/replacement combined ...
Ko Sang-Bae - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is less dependent upon the patient's condition and may be valuable in the diagnosis of embolic sources when the patient's cooperation is limited due to a neurologic deficit. However, its role has never been validated in acute stroke patients whose stroke mechanism ...
de Vlugt Erwin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Quantifying increased joint resistance into its contributing factors i.e. stiffness and viscosity ("hypertonia") and stretch reflexes ("hyperreflexia") is important in stroke rehabilitation. Existing clinical tests, such as the Ashworth Score, do not permit discrimination between underlying tissue and reflexive (neural) properties. We propose an instrumented identification paradigm for early ...
Iguchi Yasuyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous thrombolysis using tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can improve patient outcomes in acute stroke if administered within 3 hours of onset. However, patients with aortic dissection should avoid tPA therapy due to the possibility of tPA administration inducing rupture of the aortic dissection. We studied the frequency ...
Januário Filipa - - 2010
This study assesses the postural stability and the effect of balance training using a force platform visual biofeedback among outpatients with postural disturbances following stroke. A tilting multiaxial force platform was used to assess bilateral postural stability in 38 outpatients (mean age 69.50  +/- 8.57 years) with hemiplegia and/or ataxia ...
Chen Xiang Yan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metabolic syndrome on ischemic stroke in Chinese subjects with type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters (waist circumference and body mass index), blood pressure, and plasma biochemical (lipid and glycemic profiles) were collected. Subjects with type 2 diabetes were categorized by ...
Jeon Sang-Beom - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effect of biochemical aspirin resistance (BAR) on ischemic stroke has not been well established. Early recurrent ischemic lesions (ERILs) on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are proposed as potential surrogate markers of clinically recurrent stroke. METHODS: We included 117 consecutive patients who (1) were admitted within 24 h of symptom ...
Müller Hermann L - - 2010
Childhood craniopharyngiomas are rare embryogenic malformations of the sellar region, presumably derived from Rathke cleft epithelium. The overall survival rates after neurosurgical intervention and/or irradiation are high (92%). However, the quality of survival is frequently impaired due to endocrine deficiencies, sleep disturbances, daytime sleepiness, and severe obesity caused by hypothalamic ...
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