Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2047
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Baptista Miguel Viana - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fabry disease is an X-linked monogenic disorder caused by mutations in the GLA gene. Recent data suggest that stroke in young adults may be associated with Fabry disease. We aimed to ascertain the prevalence of this disorder among young adult patients with stroke in Portugal by GLA ...
Kuwashiro Takahiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atheromatous plaques of the aortic arch that extend to the origin of its branches may cause stroke. The frequency and clinical implications of plaque at the origin of the left subclavian artery (LSCA) in patients with recent ischemic stroke were investigated. METHODS: We studied 347 consecutive patients (223 men, ...
Ferrari J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: TIA is associated with a substantial short-term risk of stroke and is thus increasingly recognized as an unstable condition necessitating full medical attention. Our study sought to assess the rate of and predictors for early deterioration after TIA or minor stroke in a large nationwide survey among Austrian stroke ...
Seo Han Gil - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate longitudinal changes of the swallowing process in stroke patients with aspiration using kinematic analysis. Twenty-eight subacute stroke patients with aspiration on fluid at initial videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were included. Follow-up VFSS was performed at 2-4 weeks after initial studies that were conducted ...
Anagnostou E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Single cases with hemispheric, cortical or subcortical, ischemic lesions presenting with rotational vertigo (RV), that challenge the notion of infratentorial or peripheral generation of RV have been published, but the incidence of this symptom in a larger series is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Lee Ju-Hun - - 2010
Patients with acute cardioembolic stroke frequently show hemorrhagic transformation (HTr). We attempted to identify predictors of symptomatic HTr in acute ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation (AF). Of the consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with AF at 12 hospitals in Korea, patients with posterior circulation stroke or thrombolytic therapy were excluded. ...
Kim Myeong Hee - - 2010
Rapid diagnosis and timely treatment improves the outcome in patients with ischemic stroke, but a rapid and sensitive blood test for ischemic stroke does not exist. This study tested whether a panel of biomarkers might be useful in the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. Consecutive patients with suspected stroke presenting ...
Santamato Andrea - - 2010
In rehabilitation settings, motor imagery, motor observation and mirror therapy serve as techniques for the recovery of paretic upper limb in patients with movement disorders after stroke, whereas botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) offers the best treatment for focal spasticity. After haemorrhagic stroke, three patients (two men and one woman, ...
Silva Gisele S - - 2010
Approximately 25% of ischemic stroke patients awaken with neurological deficits. In these patients, in whom the time from symptom onset is uncertain, brain imaging is a potential strategy to characterize the ischemia duration and the presence of salvageable brain tissue. We prospectively evaluated consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke. CT ...
Vuckovi? Biljana A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of mortality and morbidity in most countries in the world. Impaired fibrinolysis, as well as disordered lipid metabolism have been recognized as risk factors for this disease. OBJECTIVE: To study some of fibrinolytic parameters, lipid status and lipoprotein(a) - Lp(a) in ischemic ...
Barlinn Kristian - - 2010
Background. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition in patients with acute ischemic stroke and associated with early clinical deterioration and poor functional outcome. However, noninvasive ventilatory correction is hardly considered as a complementary treatment option during the treatment phase of acute ischemic stroke. Summary of Case. A 55-year-old ...
Bingjie Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a common complication of stroke and is a potential cause for aspiration and malnutrition and is also associated with poor outcome. Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study (VFSS) is the most objective method for evaluation of swallowing disorders. AIM: To investigate the incidence and characteristics of penetration-aspiration in post-stroke patients, ...
Kim Joon-Tae - - 2010
Patients with intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) are at high risk of early recurrence or neurologic deterioration. Although minor stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) seem benign, their occurrence in patients with ICAS may lead to early neurological deterioration (END). We aimed to identify factors associated with END in ICAS patients presenting ...
Tong Dao-Ming - - 2010
Although there have been sporadic reports of patients with hemorrhagic pure sensory strokes (HPSS) in the thalamus and striatocapsular areas, the causes, clinical featuring and long-term outcome have not been adequately investigated. We recruited 7 consecutive patients without hemiparetic stroke who had HPSS in the thalamic and striatocapsular areas. A ...
Shono Yuji - - 2010
To elucidate the frequency and clinical profiles of patients with medial medullary infarction (MMI) identified by diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI). We assessed the frequency, radiological findings, etiology and clinical features of MMI detected by DWI from our single-center registry of acute ischemic patients. Thirty patients (1.5% of 2,014 with ischemic stroke) ...
Chang Li-Teh - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-10 in patients after acute ischemic stroke (IS) is not well understood. This study tested the hypothesis that serum levels of IL-10 are substantially increased after IS and predictive of IS outcome. METHODS: Serum IL-10 levels were examined 48 h after acute IS in ...
Zhang C E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of three or more of the following risk factors: obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated triglyceride level, elevated glucose level, and low high-density lipoprotein level. Lacunar infarcts (LS) account for 25% of all ischemic strokes and are small, deeply located brain infarcts. Two different ...
Naccarato Marcello - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endocannabinoids (eCBs) are ubiquitous lipid mediators that act on specific (CB1, CB2) and non-specific (TRPV1, PPAR) receptors. Despite many experimental animal studies proved eCB involvement in the pathogenesis of stroke, such evidence is still lacking in human patients. Our aim was to determine eCB peripheral levels in acute stroke ...
Kwon Yong Hyun - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: No prior study has reported on the cortical activation pattern in hemiparetic patients with a pontine infarct. The aim of this study was to investigate the cortical activation pattern of hemiparetic patients with a pontine infarct, using functional MRI scanning (fMRI). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Fifteen consecutive patients who showed ...
Hussain Muhammad S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endovascular stroke therapy is used for patients with ischemic stroke after failed intravenous thrombolysis or in patients not eligible for thrombolytics. With increasing experience, acute reocclusion has been described and likely worsens clinical outcomes. We assessed the rates and outcomes of delayed symptomatic reocclusion after endovascular therapy for acute ...
Weber R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Caucasian patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses (ICAS), only limited data on the recurrent stroke rate and its associated risk factors have been reported. In view of the increasing options for endovascular interventions, we sought to investigate the prevalence, ...
Kukla MichaƂ - - 2010
Visfatin has been identified as a new adipokine with proinflammatory and immunomodulating properties. It seems to interfere with immune and fibrogenic process in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim was to assess visfatin expression in the liver tissue and its association with biochemical parameters and morphological features in NAFLD ...
Korn-Lubetzki Isabelle - - 2010
The effect of hypothermia as a possible neuroprotective tool on the outcome of cardiac surgery is still controversial. We retrospectively assessed all patients who underwent cardiac surgery within a 14-year period and compared patients with and without postoperative stroke. Stroke occurred more frequently in patients who underwent valve repair/replacement combined ...
Ko Sang-Bae - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is less dependent upon the patient's condition and may be valuable in the diagnosis of embolic sources when the patient's cooperation is limited due to a neurologic deficit. However, its role has never been validated in acute stroke patients whose stroke mechanism ...
de Vlugt Erwin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Quantifying increased joint resistance into its contributing factors i.e. stiffness and viscosity ("hypertonia") and stretch reflexes ("hyperreflexia") is important in stroke rehabilitation. Existing clinical tests, such as the Ashworth Score, do not permit discrimination between underlying tissue and reflexive (neural) properties. We propose an instrumented identification paradigm for early ...
Iguchi Yasuyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous thrombolysis using tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can improve patient outcomes in acute stroke if administered within 3 hours of onset. However, patients with aortic dissection should avoid tPA therapy due to the possibility of tPA administration inducing rupture of the aortic dissection. We studied the frequency ...
Januário Filipa - - 2010
This study assesses the postural stability and the effect of balance training using a force platform visual biofeedback among outpatients with postural disturbances following stroke. A tilting multiaxial force platform was used to assess bilateral postural stability in 38 outpatients (mean age 69.50  +/- 8.57 years) with hemiplegia and/or ataxia ...
Chen Xiang Yan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metabolic syndrome on ischemic stroke in Chinese subjects with type 2 diabetes. Anthropometric parameters (waist circumference and body mass index), blood pressure, and plasma biochemical (lipid and glycemic profiles) were collected. Subjects with type 2 diabetes were categorized by ...
Jeon Sang-Beom - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effect of biochemical aspirin resistance (BAR) on ischemic stroke has not been well established. Early recurrent ischemic lesions (ERILs) on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are proposed as potential surrogate markers of clinically recurrent stroke. METHODS: We included 117 consecutive patients who (1) were admitted within 24 h of symptom ...
Müller Hermann L - - 2010
Childhood craniopharyngiomas are rare embryogenic malformations of the sellar region, presumably derived from Rathke cleft epithelium. The overall survival rates after neurosurgical intervention and/or irradiation are high (92%). However, the quality of survival is frequently impaired due to endocrine deficiencies, sleep disturbances, daytime sleepiness, and severe obesity caused by hypothalamic ...
Uemura Jyunichi - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of having occult malignancy in patients with acute ischemic stroke and their clinical characteristics. We retrospectively enrolled 1,714 consecutive ischemic stroke patients within 7 days of onset. The patients were divided into two groups: the Non-M group had no ...
Holzer Katrin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients are at a high vascular risk. Recently the ABCD2 score was validated for evaluating short-term stroke risk after TIA. We assessed the value of this score to predict the vascular outcome after TIA during medium- to long-term follow-up. METHODS: The ABCD2 score of 176 ...
Molnar Tihamer - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and leukocyte antisedimentation rate (LAR) as a specific test to detect early activation of leukocytes providing the first line of defence against infections in ischemic stroke. In 49 patients with acute ischemic events and 61 ...
Su Winnie S - - 2010
Objectives. The primary objective of this study was to determine the relationship between waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), cardiovascular (CV) events, and mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. A secondary objective was to investigate the association between abdominal obesity and systemic inflammatory markers. Methods. This is a prospective study of 22 prevalent ...
Sagen Ulrike - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous factor analyses of the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) have indicated the presence of one main factor comprising core symptoms of apathy. However, the factor structure of the AES has not been determined in patient samples with cerebrovascular disorders. Aims of the study were to 1) examine the factor ...
Garg Nadish - - 2010
Warfarin has been the cornerstone therapy for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), particularly in patients at high risk of ischemic stroke or thromboembolism. Warfarin use in NVAF results in a 64% relative reduction in the incidence of ischemic stroke and several trials have demonstrated warfarin to be superior ...
González R Gilberto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The stability of hypoperfused brain tissue in stroke patients with major artery occlusions is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the persistence of a diffusion/perfusion mismatch in patients with ICA or proximal MCA occlusions. METHODS: Fourteen patients with ICA and/or proximal MCA occlusion and a diffusion/perfusion ...
Roffe Christine - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mild hypoxia is common in patients with stroke, and associated with worse long-term outcome. Oxygen supplementation could prevent hypoxia and improve recovery. A previous study of routine oxygen supplementation showed no benefit after acute stroke, but did not report compliance and the effect on oxygenation. The aim of this ...
Gall Carolin - - 2010
To evaluate vision-related and health-related quality of life (VRQoL, HRQoL) in first stroke patients with homonymous visual field defects (VFD) with respect to the extent of the lesion. Since VFD occur in approximately 10% of stroke patients the main purpose of the study was to investigate the additional impact of ...
Huisa Branko N - - 2010
Statin therapy in patients with cardiovascular disease is associated with reduced incidence of stroke. The Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction of Cholesterol Levels (SPARCL) trial showed daily treatment with 80 mg of atorvastatin in patients with a recent stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) reduced the incidence of fatal or ...
Prange Gerdienke B - - 2010
In many stroke patients arm function is limited, which can be related to an abnormal coupling between shoulder and elbow joints. The extent to which this can be translated to activities of daily life (ADL), in terms of muscle activation during ADL-like movements, is rather unknown. Therefore, the present study ...
Migliaccio-Walle Kristen - - 2010
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by narrowing of the arteries in the lower extremities. Limited data exist concerning the impact of diffuse vascular disease (DVD) on prognosis and costs. Thus, the objective of this study is to estimate the impact of DVD on morbidity, mortality and costs. PAD was ...
Idicula Titto T - - 2010
The prevalence of microembolic signals (MES) during the acute phase of ischemic stroke and its influence on outcome is not well studied. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of MES, the different factors that are associated with the presence of MES and the association between MES ...
Engel-Nitz Nicole M - - 2010
To evaluate the clinical outcomes and incremental health care costs of ischemic stroke in a US managed care population. A retrospective cohort analysis was done on patients (aged 18+ years) hospitalized with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2003, identified from commercial health plan administrative claims. ...
Beer Christopher D - - 2010
Acute ischaemic stroke is associated with alteration in systemic markers of vascular function. We measured forearm vascular function (using forearm flow mediated dilatation) to clarify whether recent acute ischaemic stroke/TIA is associated with impaired systemic vascular function. Prospective case control study enrolling 17 patients with recent acute ischaemic stroke/TIA and ...
Hannerz Harald - - 2010
Successful return to work is regarded as one of the most important outcome factors for working-age post stroke patients. The present study will estimate the effect of various predictors on the odds of returning to work after stroke. Nearly twenty thousand 20-57 year-old stroke patients in Denmark who were gainfully ...
Naghdi Soofia S Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2010
To determine the extent to which the Brunnstrom recovery stages of upper limb in hemiparetic stroke patients are correlated to neurophysiological measures and the spasticity measure of Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS). A concurrent criterion-related validity study. Not applicable. Thirty patients (15 men and 15 women; mean ± SD = ...
Meseguer Elena - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of embolic signals (ES) in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and their association with stroke. METHODS: From December 2004 to October 2006, 209 consecutive patients with ACS (without prosthetic heart valves or previous stroke) were studied within 72 ...
Lima F O - - 2010
Concerns have recently grown regarding the safety of iodinated contrast agents used for CTA and CTP imaging. We tested whether the incidence of AN, defined by a >or=25% increase in the post-contrast scan creatinine level, was higher among patients with ischemic stroke who underwent a functional contrast-enhanced CT protocol compared ...
Marousi S - - 2010
Past ischemic stroke (IS) patients display suppressed adiponectin (ADPN) levels a few months after disease onset. It is still unclear whether hypoadiponectinemia is already present by the early stages of stroke or occurs as a delayed effect of the acute ischemic reaction. In the present study we investigated ADPN levels ...
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