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Bouffioulx Edouard E Unité de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2010
To investigate clinical changes among the acute, post-acute and chronic phases in stroke patients' satisfaction with activities and participation. The SATIS-Stroke questionnaire's sensitivity to change was investigated with a sample of 45 stroke patients. The SATIS-Stroke questionnaire was used to collect data from the 45 patients (mean age 69 years, ...
Wohlfeil Martin M Department of Periodontology, Center for Dental, Oral, and Maxillofacial Medicine (Carolinum), Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt, - - 2010
  A comparison of the detection frequency and number of periodontal pathogens in patients with aggressive or generalized, severe chronic periodontitis using a gene-probe analysis.   In 16 aggressive and 34 generalized, severe chronic periodontitis patients, plaque was sampled from the deepest pockets per quadrant (MT4) and per sextant (MT6). ...
Naik Vidya V Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Dr D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, India Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Dr D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, - - 2010
  Anemia of chronic disease, a cytokine-mediated anemia, is a frequent complication of many chronic inflammatory conditions. The present case-control study was aimed to evaluate levels of systemic hematological markers indicative of anemia in patients with generalized, severe, chronic periodontitis.   A convenience quota sample of 30 systemically-healthy, urban, male ...
Iguchi Yasuyuki - - 2011
Our aim was to confirm the utility of paramedics using the Kurashiki Prehospital Stroke Scale (KPSS), with a maximum score of 13, for patients who may be eligible for administration of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA). The subjects comprised acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients transferred to ...
Carod-Artal Francisco Javier - - 2011
The knowledge about the natural history of stroke in Chagas disease is incomplete. Vascular risk factors and stroke subtypes of asymptomatic Trypanosoma cruzi-infected patients with no clinical evidence of heart failure were assessed. They were compared with chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy patients who suffered a stroke and with a control group ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2011
Background and purpose A recent retrospective study using an online list service established by the American Academy of Neurology has suggested that ischaemic cerebrovascular events may occur in patients who undergo 'bubble studies' (BS) with either transcranial Doppler (TCD) or transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). The safety of TCD-BS for right to ...
Mendioroz M - - 2011
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein which has shown neuroprotective properties in animal models of cerebral ischemia. Nevertheless, its role in acute human stroke has not yet been established. Therefore, we aimed to determine human serum OPN level during acute ischemic stroke and its relationship with patient outcome. We measured ...
Chan Wesley - - 2010
Patients with TIA and minor stroke are at high risk for recurrent stroke. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase this risk. The objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence and severity of OSA and its clinical presentation in this population. Patients who presented with TIA and minor stroke ...
Alvarez-Perez F J - - 2011
ABSTRACT Background: Lower level of albumin was related to worse prognosis of stroke and clinical trials showed that albumin therapy reduced mortality. However, stroke is heterogeneous and differences in the baseline concentration of albumin among subtypes of stroke were not assessed. The aim was to assess albumin level in patients ...
Seitz Rüdiger J - - 2011
The factors determining recovery from hemiparetic stroke are manifold. We studied spontaneous arm movement activity in the acute phase after stroke as a predictor of recovery. Included in this prospective study were 25 patients (63 ± 10 years; 9 women, 16 men) with acute middle cerebral artery stroke and 7 control patients without ...
Coelho Fernando Morgadinho Santos - - 2010
The association between obstructive sleep apnea and stroke is well established. Less is known about the relationship between stroke and periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS). This study sought to assess the frequency of PLMS in patients with a history of stroke. We reviewed the medical and polysomnographic records of ...
Alhadramy Osama - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our aims were to quantify the yield of Holter monitor for detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with stroke and TIA, and to determine potential predictors of PAF to allow more focused testing. METHODS: We reviewed records of 1128 consecutive patients attending a university stroke ...
Hoshino Haruhiko - - 2012
To evaluate the independent effect of moderate renal dysfunction on stroke severity and to disclose the clinical features of stroke patients with moderate renal dysfunction. We studied consecutive stroke patients presenting within 48 hours of onset. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at the time of presentation ...
Dankbaar J W - - 2011
Damage to the blood brain barrier (BBB) may lead to haemorrhagic transformation after ischaemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of patient characteristics and stroke severity on admission BBB permeability (BBBP) values measured with perfusion-CT (PCT) in acute ischaemic stroke patients. We retrospectively identified 65 ...
Michel Patrik - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke registries are valuable tools for obtaining information about stroke epidemiology and management. The Acute STroke Registry and Analysis of Lausanne (ASTRAL) prospectively collects epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and multimodal brain imaging data of acute ischemic stroke patients in the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV). Here, we provide ...
Gupta Nishant - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the value of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in determining the presence of cardiac manifestations that required anticoagulation in patients presenting with acute stroke. Of 626 consecutive stroke patients who underwent TEE, 188 patients with no obvious etiology for stroke were subcategorized according to ...
Baldinotti Ivan - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that whole-body vibration improves posture and gait control in stroke patients. Patients with degenerative cerebellar disease suffer from ataxic gait also which is characterised by the variation of gait pattern. Our interest is to test whole-body vibration as a method for rehabilitation treatment in cerebellar patients ...
Keldahl Mark L - - 2010
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been proven to reduce the risk of stroke and death in both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients with carotid occlusive disease. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the USA. Since up to one-third of stroke patients have a stroke secondary to carotid occlusive disease, ...
Meng Nai-Hsin NH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence and sonographic characteristics of thickened finger extensor tendons in affected hands of patients with stroke. Observational survey. Thirty-six patients (12 women, 24 men) admitted for rehabilitation because of stroke. 30 right-handed healthy volunteers. We used an 8-16 or a 6-12 MHz sonographic transducer to measure tendon ...
Bouchi Ryotaro - - 2010
It is unclear whether albuminuria and reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) independently increase the risk of incident stroke and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Japanese patients with diabetes. We investigated the independent effects of albuminuria and estimated GFR (eGFR) on the first occurrence of stroke and CAD in patients with ...
Schwammenthal Yvonne - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor of ischemic stroke. We tested whether the adoption of the CHADS(2) score in clinical guidelines has impacted treatment strategies for stroke prevention, and examined how AF affects stroke outcome. In the setting of two national surveys [National Acute Stroke Israeli Surveys; all ...
Szilvási Anikó - - 2010
ATP-binding cassette transporter G8 (ABCG8) was found to participate in plant sterol and cholesterol (CHOL) transport; however, the potential associations of ABCG8 genetic variants and ischemic vascular diseases are largely unknown. Determinations of allele frequencies of four common ABCG8 polymorphisms (D19H, Y54C, T400K, and A632V) were carried out in 241 ...
Nakamura Yoshikazu - - 2012
The prevalence and implications of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD), a causative arteriopathy of stroke are unclear in Asian stroke patients. Through a comparative study of VBD and non-VBD stroke patients, we aimed to elucidate the clinicoradiologic features of VBD patients in Japan. A total of 481 consecutive patients (302 men and ...
Chen Hung-Bin - - 2010
Postural configurations for stroke patients in performing Stand-to-Sit (StandTS) were thought identical to those in performing Sit-to-Stand. The specificity of StandTS in terms of leg load sharing and sitting impact forces is however largely unexplored. The objective of this research was to study how the two legs share loads and ...
Bhattacharya Pratik - - 2011
Cocaine use is associated with ischemic stroke through unique mechanisms, including reversible vasospasm, drug-induced arteritis, enhanced platelet aggregation, cardioembolism, and hypertensive surges. To date, no study has described disability in patients with cocaine-related ischemic stroke. The present study compared risk factors, comorbidities, complications, laboratory findings, medications, and outcomes in patients ...
Toth Peter - - 2011
Microalbuminuria, assessed by measuring immunoreactive albumin, is common in patients with cerebrovascular disease and is associated with increased risk of stroke. Total urinary albumin (t-uAlb) comprises both immunoreactive albumin (ir-uAlb) and nonimmunoreactive albumin (nir-uAlb). We hypothesized that t-uAlb is a more sensitive indicator of microalbuminuria than ir-uAlb, and that measurement ...
Panitchote Anupol - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Post-stroke seizures in Thailand have not been studied. Thus, the authors' main objective was to assess the prevalence of post-stroke seizures and the secondary objective was to determine the factors associated with post-stroke seizures and mortality after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The population ...
Arsava Ethem Murat - - 2010
A 67-year-old male with prior history of atrial fibrillation was admitted to our center with acute onset of aphasia. He was treated by intravenous thrombolysis. Approximately 2 years later he presented with left-sided weakness, and was again treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (iv-tPA). The patient responded favorably to thrombolytics ...
Park Hyun-Young HY Department of Neurology, Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea. - - 2010
Patients with cancer are hypercoagulable and at a significant risk for ischemic stroke, but rarely present with stroke as the first manifestation of an underlying malignancy. We report on 2 patients with bihemispheric, multiterritorial infarctions in the absence of a cardioembolic source.
De Marchis Gian Marco - - 2011
Physicians treating patients with posterior circulation strokes (PCS) tended to debate more on whether or not to introduce anticoagulation rather than performing investigations to identify stroke aetiology, as in patients with anterior circulation strokes (ACS). Recent findings suggest that stroke aetiologies of PCS and ACS are more alike than dissimilar, ...
Chen Chung-Yao - - 2011
Severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of stroke recurrence and mortality after stroke. Since nocturia is common in post-stroke patients with OSA, this study explored the predictive role of nocturia for severe OSA in patients with ischemic stroke. This was a cross-sectional, prospective study involving 65 consecutive patients ...
Krarup L-H - - 2011
Patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation are at increased risk of stroke progression and recurrence. We sought to assess whether D-dimer and other markers of hemostatic activation could predict these adverse events in such patients. Blood samples were obtained from patients included in the Heparin in Acute Embolic ...
Huisa Branko N - - 2010
One-quarter of ischemic strokes occur during sleep, and affected patients are excluded from thrombolytic therapy because of an unknown time of stroke onset. It has been suggested that early ischemic changes detected on computed tomography (CT) are similar in patients with acute stroke and patients who recently awoke with stroke. ...
Urban Peter P - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is currently no consensus on (1) the percentage of patients who develop spasticity after ischemic stroke, (2) the relation between spasticity and initial clinical findings after acute stroke, and (3) the impact of spasticity on activities of daily living and health-related quality of life. METHODS: In ...
Naess Halvor - - 2011
The main objective of this study was to investigate the circadian distribution of subtypes of ischemic stroke. The time of onset of stroke in consecutive stroke patients was registered and categorized into the following time intervals: midnight-6 am, 6 am-noon, noon-6 pm, and 6 pm-midnight. Patients with unknown onset of ...
Ferrari Julia - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke declines with increasing time to treatment initiation. Previous small-scale studies suggested that the earlier patients arrive, the longer it takes to administer recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. METHODS: Of 32 529 patients with stroke prospectively enrolled in the Austrian Stroke ...
Wada Yosuke - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether high-speed treadmill training improved the gait velocity of patients whose maximum walking speed was assumed to have reached a plateau level. The subjects included seven patients with hemiplegia after stroke. The high-speed treadmill training was performed as the maximum gait velocity ...
Skoloudík David - - 2011
Aims Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) enlargement is detectable in patients with increased intracranial pressure. The aim was to detect an enlargement of the ONSD using optic nerve sonography in patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) within 6 h of the onset of symptoms. Methods Thirty-one acute ICH patients, 15 age-matched ...
Seok Jin Myoung - - 2010
It has been reported that embolic signal (ES) detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) has clinical significance, especially in patients with recent stroke attributable to arterial or cardiac embolism. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine whether the prevalence of ES is high in ischemic stroke patients with cancer and related ...
Oksala Niku K J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral small vessel disease reflected by white matter lesions (WMLs) in MRI and kidney function reflected by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is closely associated in patients without stroke. We studied whether eGFR and WMLs predict long-term survival in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: After exclusion of ...
Yoshimura Sohei - - 2010
The configuration of aortic plaque appears to be as important as its thickness when it acts as an embolic source to the brain. The frequency and clinical predictors of ulcerated plaque at the aortic arch identified using transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in patients with stroke were determined, and the association between ...
Mansukhani Meghna P - - 2011
To evaluate the risk and presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke, and examine the correlation of OSA with age, sex, ischemic stroke subtype, disability, and death, a prospective cohort study was conducted in all consecutive patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke between June ...
Sheu Jau-Jiuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reflux esophagitis (RE) is the most common manifestation of gastro-esophageal reflux disease with esophageal injury. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no specific study to evaluate the risk of stroke after diagnosis of RE in young adults. This study aims to evaluate the risk ...
Kirshner H S - - 2010
Ischaemic stroke, the most common type of stroke, is classified into three main subtypes: large-vessel disease, lacunar or small-vessel disease, and cardioembolic; two further subtypes include a determined aetiology of "other" and cryptogenic. Although a substantial amount of literature exists concerning current guidelines for the secondary prevention of ischaemic stroke, ...
Thijs Vincent - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We studied the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events in patients who had a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke and who had evidence of microbleeds on MRI. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was performed on hospitalized patients who were at least 50 years old with a transient ...
Bondanelli Marta - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of death in industrialized countries, representing the main cause of long-term disability. Recent studies indicate that hypopituitarism may be observed after an acute stroke. The aim was to prospectively investigate incidence and pattern of pituitary dysfunction in patients suffering ischemic stroke and to assess the ...
Rozanski Michal - - 2010
The hyperintense acute reperfusion marker (HARM) has been described as a predictor for haemorrhagic transformation (HT) in acute ischaemic stroke. We hypothesised that this phenomenon is not present in the elderly. It was possible to assess 47/84 consecutive patients aged 80 and over with diagnosed ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic ...
Yamamoto Yoshiya - - 2011
A 64-year-old female with a history of primary biliary cirrhosis and esophageal varices starting at age 39 was brought to our Stroke Care Unit by ambulance with right-side weakness and speech difficulty. Physical examination revealed right hemiparesis (including the face), sensory disturbances, pathological reflexes, and slightly decreased consciousness, with a ...
Schroeder Verena - - 2010
We have recently shown that FXIII activation peptide (AP-FXIII) can be measured in plasma. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate for the first time if AP-FXIII can be detected in plasma from patients with acute ischaemic stroke. We included 66 patients with acute ischaemic stroke admitted between ...
Kolo P M - - 2010
Echocardiography is increasingly being used as a screening test to identify sources of cardiogenic embolism in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). However, no consensus exists presently on the utilization of this imaging facility in individuals with stroke. To evaluate the yield of transthoracic echocardiography in patients ...
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