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Mahe Guillaume - - 2010
Ischemic strokes represent more than 80% of total strokes in Western countries. The influence of dietary factors on ischemic stroke risk is debated mainly because available data are limited. Our objective was to compare the dietary pattern of symptomatic ischemic stroke patients under 65 years old with control subjects using ...
Jin Kwang Nam - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to show various cardiac MDCT findings of a cardioembolic origin in patients with embolic stroke. Cardiac MDCT is an emerging technique for the identification and assessment of a cardioembolic origin in patients with embolic stroke. In the near future, it will play an increasing ...
Wu Wenqing - - 2011
This study investigated whether cortical synchrony derived from electroencephalography (EEG) in elderly patients is impaired and if the impairment might reflect long-term functional recovery after stroke. The scalp EEG signals of stroke patients (N=42) were collected within seven days after the onset of stroke and analyzed with phase synchronization (PS). ...
Anuradha H K - - 2010
Stroke is a devastating complication of tuberculous meningitis and is an important determinant of its outcome. To prospectively evaluate the predictive factors for stroke in patients with tuberculous meningitis and to assess the impact of stroke on the overall prognosis and outcome. We evaluated and followed 100 patients of tuberculous ...
Li Chuei-Shiun - - 2010
Irradiation induced extracranial carotid occlusive disease has been recognized as a potential cause of post-irradiation stroke in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of extracranial CA disease in post-irradiated Taiwanese NPC ischemic stroke patients. Forty-three NPC patients with ischemic stroke were retrospectively selected from the ...
Houdijk Han - - 2010
Two common impairments in patients after stroke are loss of balance control and fatigue. We propose that both could be inter-related. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolic energy demand for balance control in patients after stroke during upright standing. Ten stroke patients and 12 able-bodied controls ...
Fischer Urs - - 2011
Objectives Data on decompressive craniectomy (DC) after intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for treatment of malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke are lacking. Methods The authors compared consecutive patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) strokes who underwent decompressive craniectomy (DC) after IAT with DC patients without prior thrombolysis. Results Thirty of 2395 ...
Terasawa Yuka - - 2010
Clinical-diffusion mismatch (CDM) between stroke severity and volume of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions seems to predict penumbra. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score on DWI (DWI ASPECTS) is a simple score for identifying ischaemic lesions. The authors examined whether CDM using DWI ASPECTS can predict neurological improvement in patients ...
Bielewicz Joanna - - 2011
The prediction of outcome after ischemic stroke (IS) is currently based on indirect data from clinical and radiological evaluation. We evaluated the usefulness of serum Tau protein as possible prognostic markers for IS. Fifty-six patients with computed tomography-confirmed IS were enrolled. Blood samples were obtained on days 1, 3, 5, ...
Bray Janet E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale is ineffectively used and lacks sensitivity and specificity. Melbourne (Australia) paramedics have been using the Melbourne Ambulance Stroke Screen (MASS) since 2005. The aim of this study was to review the real-world use of MASS 3 years after city ...
Hernandez-Guillamon Mar - - 2010
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is a cell surface and circulating enzyme involved in recruitment of lymphocytes and neutrophils through its semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity. We aimed to study plasma VAP-1/SSAO activity in relation to the risk for intracranial bleeding complications in patients with stroke treated with tissue plasminogen activator ...
Kimura Kazumi - - 2010
Time from stroke onset to treatment (OTT) is potentially an important factor affecting subsequent outcome in patients treated with t-PA. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between OTT and early recanalization rate after IV-t-PA therapy. Consecutive stroke patients treated with t-PA within 3h of onset were ...
Kung Pin-Cheng - - 2010
Abnormal synergy is one of the major motor deficits in stroke patients. Abnormal muscle synergies, in conjunction with weakness and spasticity, interfere with voluntary movements and restrict the range of motion. This study aimed to quantify abnormal synergies in the affected upper limbs of chronic stroke patients by using a ...
Türkano─člu Aysun - - 2010
Oxidative stress plays a major role in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis which is responsible for stroke. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify metabolites produced by oxidative stress within the cell and protect the cells against injury. This study aimed to investigate the association of polymorphisms in GSTT1, GSTM1 genes and GST activity with ...
Starkstein Sergio E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the frequency, clinical correlates, and mechanism of anosognosia after stroke. METHODS: We searched the most recent relevant literature on anosognosia after stroke and carried out a critical analysis of the main findings. RESULTS: Anosognosia is present in about 10% of acute stroke patients and its diagnosis is ...
White Rebekah C - - 2010
Following a right-hemisphere stroke, Patient NG could detect somatosensory stimulation that she was unable to localise. With vision precluded, NG systematically mislocalized touch on the little and ring finger of her affected left hand, and reported feeling this touch on the neighbouring rightward finger. This pattern of mislocalization occurred not ...
Santos-Gallego Carlos G - - 2010
Stroke is the second leading cause of cardiovascular mortality in the modern world, accounting for 80% of strokes of ischemic origin. There are two main etiologies of ischemic stroke: 70% to 80% are caused by carotid atherosclerotic plaque rupture and superimposed thrombus formation, whereas 30% are caused by systemic embolism ...
Ambrosini Emilia - - 2010
This study deals with the design of a controller for cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation. The controller will be exploitable in the rehabilitation of hemiparetic patients who need to recover motor symmetry. It uses the pulse width as the control variable in the stimulation of the two legs in ...
Schreiber S - - 2011
None of the vascular emergency diagnostic methods commonly used in the case of acute ischemic stroke, i. e. CTA, color-coded duplex sonography (CCDS), MRA, and DSA, is free of restrictions due to physical and physiological characteristics. As a result, misleading results initiating an inappropriate acute therapeutic intervention or hampering a ...
Brouns Raf - - 2010
Post-stroke inflammation may induce upregulation of the kynurenine (KYN) pathway for tryptophan (TRP) oxidation, resulting in neuroprotective (kynurenic acid, KA) and neurotoxic metabolites (3-hydroxyanthranillic acid, 3-HAA). We investigated whether activity of the kynurenine pathway in acute ischemic stroke is related to initial stroke severity, long-term stroke outcome and the ischemia-induced ...
Rao Noel - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The ability to maintain balance can be affected by misperception of the body position in space that is common in individuals with a stroke. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether individuals with recent stroke could participate in assessment of their perceived body position in standing. METHODS: ...
Telman Gregory - - 2010
There are currently no comparative data about ethnic differences in ischemic stroke in Arab and Jewish populations. Data on 727 consecutive Arab and Jewish patients of working age (<or=65 years) with stroke were compared for risk profile, etiology, subtyping, and immediate functional outcome. The mean age was 59.4 +/- 8.2 ...
Cheng-Ching Esteban - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Embolic stroke is a feared complication after open heart surgery. Many patients undergo testing of the carotid arteries before surgery, but intracranial atherosclerosis is not commonly assessed as a mechanism. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database of all open heart surgeries at our institution from 2005 to 2007 ...
Blondin Nicholas A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has suggested that patients with right hemispheric stroke (RHS) present later to an emergency department, have a lower chance to receive intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), and have poorer clinical outcomes than do patients with left hemispheric stroke (LHS). METHODS: We analyzed the rate of ...
Lee Jong-Young - - 2010
The association between the anatomic characteristics obtained by omni-plane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and stroke recurrence in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains unclear. In the present longitudinal follow-up study, we sought to investigate whether PFO findings assessed by TEE can predict stroke recurrence. Of the 1,014 ...
Schweitzer Joey R - - 2010
Secondary worsening of stroke symptoms is described in 13-37% of stroke patients, but the exact mechanism of this phenomenon remains unclear. The aim of this study is to find prognostic variables in correlation to secondary worsening of stroke symptoms in patients with lacunar or cortical strokes. In this prospective observational ...
Toossi Shahed - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: An association between cocaine use and stroke has been reported, but few studies have examined cocaine-related neurovascular disease using modern stroke diagnostic techniques. We describe a large cohort of patients with cocaine-related stroke to define the pathophysiology and manifestations of cocaine-related neurovascular disease. METHODS: All adult admissions to a ...
Mathew Stephen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system infections are one of the common causes of stroke in developing countries. Stroke after dengue is uncommon. CASE REPORTS: A total of 1148 dengue cases were seen in a tertiary referral hospital during the epidemic from September to November 2008. We present 3 patients who had ...
Nakipo─člu-Yüzer Güldal F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the effect of the cerebrovascular accident etiology in the geriatric patients with hemiplegia included in our physical medicine and rehabilitation program on functional improvement. METHODS: A total of 46 geriatric patients with hemiplegia attending the inpatient physical medicine and rehabilitation program were included in the ...
Uchiyama Shinichiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to clarify risk factor profiles and current treatment of Japanese patients with stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) using the database of the Japan Thrombosis Registry for Atrial Fibrillation, Coronary, or Cerebrovascular Events (J-TRACE). METHODS: J-TRACE is a nationwide multicenter cooperative cohort of Japanese ...
Rost Natalia S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: White matter hyperintensity (WMH) is a common radiographic finding in the aging population and a potent risk factor for symptomatic cerebrovascular disease. It is unclear whether WMH represents a single or multiple biological processes. We sought to investigate the extent and determinants of WMH in patients with acute ischemic ...
Skoloudík David - - 2010
D-dimers are one of the basic laboratory markers of fibrinolytic system activity. The aim of this prospective study was to detect changes in D-dimer levels in acute stroke patients as a function of the time of artery recanalization and the therapy used. During a 12-month period, 80 acute ischemic stroke ...
Kawasaka Tetsuo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate salivary secretion in unilateral cerebral stroke patients, including the effects of masticatory forces. We compared the volumes of unstimulated and acid-stimulated saliva between 30 patients with unilateral cerebral stroke and 30 age-matched healthy subjects. The volume of whole-mouth salivary secretion was measured ...
Kong Keng-He KH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 17 Ang Mo Kio Ave 9, Singapore 569766, Singapore. - - 2010
To document the frequency, clinical correlates and predictors of symptomatic upper limb spasticity in patients one year or more after stroke. Cross-sectional study. A total of 140 patients after stroke attending a rehabilitation clinic. Assessments of spasticity, upper limb function and self-care ability using the Ashworth Scale (AS), Motor Assessment ...
Sobrino T - - 2010
Growth factors (GF) such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) have been associated with greater efficacy of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in experimental studies. To study the association of these GF with arterial recanalization and clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke ...
Aoki Junya - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although thrombolysis can be performed for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) within 6h of onset, patients with an unknown onset time cannot receive this treatment. The aim of the present study is to investigate a method for determining the onset time of stroke in AIS patients within 24 ...
Glickman Seth W - - 2011
Background: Acute ischemic stroke remains largely a clinical diagnosis. Objective: To assess the potential of several biomarkers to distinguish acute ischemic stroke from mimics in the emergency department (ED). Methods: In this prospective study, 63 patients with suspected acute stroke were enrolled. Blood samples were collected at ED presentation and ...
Sánchez-Perales Carmen - - 2010
Despite the high frequency of cardiovascular disease among the population on dialysis, there are few studies on ischaemic stroke and associated factors. The objective of the present study is to assess the prevalence of ischaemic stroke at the start of dialysis, its incidence in the course of follow-up and possible ...
Stabile Eugenio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This single-center registry presents the results of proximal endovascular occlusion (PEO) use in an unselected patient population. BACKGROUND: In published multicenter registries, the use of PEO for carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been demonstrated to be safe and efficient in patient populations selected for anatomical and/or clinical conditions. METHODS: ...
Johnson Karin G - - 2010
To determine the frequency of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients by meta-analysis. A systematic literature search using Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL and a manual review of references through December 2008 was conducted using specific search terms. The frequency of SDB ...
Baker Julie M JM Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Williams Brice Building, 1621 Greene St, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2010
Recent research suggests that increased left hemisphere cortical activity, primarily of the left frontal cortex, is associated with improved naming performance in stroke patients with aphasia. Our aim was to determine whether anodal transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), a method thought to increase cortical excitability, would improve naming accuracy in stroke ...
Ben Assayag Einor - - 2010
To date there is no diagnostic biomarker for mild stroke, although elevation of inflammatory biomarkers has been reported at early stages. Previous studies implicated acetylcholinesterase (AChE) involvement in stroke, and circulating AChE activity reflects inflammatory response, since acetylcholine suppresses inflammation. Therefore, carriers of polymorphisms that modify cholinergic activity should be ...
Karth Abigail - - 2010
Multicomponent dietary weight loss supplements comprise the single largest segment of herbal preparations available to the public. As a result of limited de novo regulatory oversight, supplement-related adverse events are underreported secondary to the lack of adequate pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic, and clinical data. Here we report the case of an obese ...
Jiang Thomas T TT Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2010
Hemispheric ratios of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), a proven methodology for the detection of severe hemodynamic impairment and stroke risk, are not sensitive for detecting bilateral hemispheric increases in OEF. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of cerebellum as the reference normal. We analyzed positron emission ...
Doubal F N - - 2010
Lacunar strokes account for 25% of all ischemic strokes and may represent the cerebral manifestation of a systemic small vessel vasculopathy of unknown etiology. Altered retinal vessel fractal dimensions may act as a surrogate marker for diseased cerebral vessels. We used a cross-sectional study to investigate fractal properties of retinal ...
Lin Leng C - - 2011
The measurements for predicting early deterioration of stroke patients is controversial. We studied laboratory measurements and previously identified risk factors to identify factors or predictors of early deterioration after stroke. A prospective observational study of 196 patients with first-time acute ischemic stroke was performed. Demographic data, patient histories, laboratory measurements, ...
Muscal E - - 2010
The most common neurological manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in all age-groups include stroke and transient ischemic attacks due to arterial thromboses and cerebral ischemia. Antiphospholipid antibodies may cause additional non-criteria neurological impairments through vascular, neuroinflammatory and direct neuronal effects. Anti-aggregant or anticoagulant therapies are indicated for APS-related ischemic strokes. ...
Karagiannis Asterios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The effect of seasonal variation on the occurrence of stroke remains controversial. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a seasonal variation in the occurrence of stroke in Northern Greece. METHODS: We recorded the seasonal stroke rates over a 10 year period (from January 1997 ...
Sheu Jau-Jiuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Case reports or case series have reported the association between hyperthyroidism and cerebrovascular disease. However, hyperthyroidism has never been considered as a potential risk factor for stroke in young people. The aim of the present study is to estimate the risk for ischemic stroke among hyperthyroidism patients ...
Hasan Zeki N - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To clinically assess neurogenic dysphagia, and to correlate its presence with demographic features, different stroke risk factors, anatomical arterial territorial stroke types, and pathological stroke types. METHODS: Seventy-two stroke inpatients were studied between July 2007 and February 2008, at the Departments of Medicine and Neurology at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital, ...
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