Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2095
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Benson Lacey J - - 2011
Obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem among American children. Screening for obesity associated comorbid conditions has been shown to be inconsistent. The current study was undertaken to explore patterns of ordering screening tests among obese pediatric patients. We analyzed electronic medical records (EMR) from 69,901 patients ages 2-18 years ...
Vemmos Konstantinos - - 2011
limited data exist concerning obesity and survival in patients after acute stroke. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between obesity and survival in patients with acute first-ever stroke. patients were prospectively investigated based on a standard diagnostic protocol over a period of 16 years. Evaluation was ...
Galougahi K K - - 2010
Background:  Assessment for source of stroke is a common indication for transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). Although an abnormality is frequently found, it remains uncertain how frequently the findings alter patient management. Also, the role of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) prior to or instead of TOE is not well defined. We sought to ...
Gur Alexander Y - - 2010
Cerebral hemodynamic features of patients with post-stroke dementia (PSD) are still obscure. We compared cerebral vasomotor reactivity (VMR) assessed in the acute phase of ischemic stroke (IS) in patients with and without PSD. VMR was also assessed and compared in demented and non-demented patients in the late phase of IS. ...
Jang Sung Ho - - 2010
We reviewed the literature on walking recovery of stroke patients as it relates to the following subjects:epidemiology of walking dysfunction, recovery course of walking, and recovery mechanism of walking (neural control of normal walking, the evaluation methods for leg motor function, and motor recovery mechanism of leg).The recovery of walking ...
Wu Ming-Ju - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether physical evaluations could be used for predicting the presence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in non-obese snoring patients. This is a retrospective study, and a total of 244 non-obese (body mass index, BMI, <27 kg/m(2)) snoring patients (178 men and ...
Ishikawa Yuichi - - 2010
Cerebral aneurysms (CA) are incidentally detected by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in acute stroke patients or asymptomatic volunteers. We investigated whether incidental CA influences stroke subtypes and clinical outcome of patients with acute brain infarction (BI) and hemorrhage (BH). Moreover, frequency and neuroradiological profile of incidental CA were compared between ...
Rost N S - - 2010
White matter hyperintensity (WMH) may be a marker of an underlying cerebral microangiopathy. Therefore, we hypothesized that WMH would be most severe in patients with lacunar stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), 2 types of stroke in which cerebral small vessel (SV) changes are pathophysiologically relevant. We determined WMH volume (WMHV) ...
De Castro Stefano - - 2010
We evaluated the feasibility and clinical utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the early management of ischemic stroke. TEE was performed in consecutive patients with acute cerebral ischemia within 48 hours of symptoms onset. The data were analyzed by age (<55 vs ≥55 years), and the baseline stroke etiology was ...
Domingues-Montanari S - - 2010
The angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) gene has been extensively studied in stroke, yet generating conflicting results. The goal of our study was thus to clarify the influence of the ACE1 on the risk of suffering an ischaemic stroke (IS). We genotyped the rs4341 (in linkage disequilibrium with the I/D polymorphism) ...
Schulz U - - 2010
Introduction The explanation for the prognostic value of the ABCD2-score remains uncertain. If it genuinely measures cerebral susceptibility to ischaemia, it should correlate with other markers of susceptibility, such as leukoaraiosis (LA). We studied the association of the ABCD2-score with the severity of LA in a large cohort of patients ...
Roerdink Melvyn - - 2011
. In hemiplegic gait, step length typically differs in magnitude between paretic and nonparetic sides. However, the direction of step-length asymmetry varies across stroke patients. . The study sought to understand directional variations in step-length asymmetry in terms of asymmetries in forward foot placement relative to the trunk and trunk ...
Liu Y - - 2010
To evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in cerebellar subregions in patients with stroke. The total counts and ADCs were bilaterally measured on cerebellar white matter, gray matters of medial (G1), intermediate (G2), and lateral zones (G3) on SPECT and ADC maps from 20 patients with supratentorial ischemic stroke within the ...
Bouffioulx Edouard E Unité de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2010
To investigate clinical changes among the acute, post-acute and chronic phases in stroke patients' satisfaction with activities and participation. The SATIS-Stroke questionnaire's sensitivity to change was investigated with a sample of 45 stroke patients. The SATIS-Stroke questionnaire was used to collect data from the 45 patients (mean age 69 years, ...
Iguchi Yasuyuki - - 2011
Our aim was to confirm the utility of paramedics using the Kurashiki Prehospital Stroke Scale (KPSS), with a maximum score of 13, for patients who may be eligible for administration of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA). The subjects comprised acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients transferred to ...
Carod-Artal Francisco Javier - - 2011
The knowledge about the natural history of stroke in Chagas disease is incomplete. Vascular risk factors and stroke subtypes of asymptomatic Trypanosoma cruzi-infected patients with no clinical evidence of heart failure were assessed. They were compared with chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy patients who suffered a stroke and with a control group ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2011
Background and purpose A recent retrospective study using an online list service established by the American Academy of Neurology has suggested that ischaemic cerebrovascular events may occur in patients who undergo 'bubble studies' (BS) with either transcranial Doppler (TCD) or transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). The safety of TCD-BS for right to ...
Mendioroz M - - 2011
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein which has shown neuroprotective properties in animal models of cerebral ischemia. Nevertheless, its role in acute human stroke has not yet been established. Therefore, we aimed to determine human serum OPN level during acute ischemic stroke and its relationship with patient outcome. We measured ...
Chan Wesley - - 2010
Patients with TIA and minor stroke are at high risk for recurrent stroke. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase this risk. The objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence and severity of OSA and its clinical presentation in this population. Patients who presented with TIA and minor stroke ...
Alvarez-Perez F J - - 2011
ABSTRACT Background: Lower level of albumin was related to worse prognosis of stroke and clinical trials showed that albumin therapy reduced mortality. However, stroke is heterogeneous and differences in the baseline concentration of albumin among subtypes of stroke were not assessed. The aim was to assess albumin level in patients ...
Seitz Rüdiger J - - 2011
The factors determining recovery from hemiparetic stroke are manifold. We studied spontaneous arm movement activity in the acute phase after stroke as a predictor of recovery. Included in this prospective study were 25 patients (63 ± 10 years; 9 women, 16 men) with acute middle cerebral artery stroke and 7 control patients without ...
Coelho Fernando Morgadinho Santos - - 2010
The association between obstructive sleep apnea and stroke is well established. Less is known about the relationship between stroke and periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS). This study sought to assess the frequency of PLMS in patients with a history of stroke. We reviewed the medical and polysomnographic records of ...
Alhadramy Osama - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our aims were to quantify the yield of Holter monitor for detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with stroke and TIA, and to determine potential predictors of PAF to allow more focused testing. METHODS: We reviewed records of 1128 consecutive patients attending a university stroke ...
Hoshino Haruhiko - - 2012
To evaluate the independent effect of moderate renal dysfunction on stroke severity and to disclose the clinical features of stroke patients with moderate renal dysfunction. We studied consecutive stroke patients presenting within 48 hours of onset. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at the time of presentation ...
Dankbaar J W - - 2011
Damage to the blood brain barrier (BBB) may lead to haemorrhagic transformation after ischaemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of patient characteristics and stroke severity on admission BBB permeability (BBBP) values measured with perfusion-CT (PCT) in acute ischaemic stroke patients. We retrospectively identified 65 ...
Michel Patrik - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke registries are valuable tools for obtaining information about stroke epidemiology and management. The Acute STroke Registry and Analysis of Lausanne (ASTRAL) prospectively collects epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and multimodal brain imaging data of acute ischemic stroke patients in the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV). Here, we provide ...
Gupta Nishant - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the value of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in determining the presence of cardiac manifestations that required anticoagulation in patients presenting with acute stroke. Of 626 consecutive stroke patients who underwent TEE, 188 patients with no obvious etiology for stroke were subcategorized according to ...
Baldinotti Ivan - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that whole-body vibration improves posture and gait control in stroke patients. Patients with degenerative cerebellar disease suffer from ataxic gait also which is characterised by the variation of gait pattern. Our interest is to test whole-body vibration as a method for rehabilitation treatment in cerebellar patients ...
Keldahl Mark L - - 2010
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been proven to reduce the risk of stroke and death in both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients with carotid occlusive disease. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the USA. Since up to one-third of stroke patients have a stroke secondary to carotid occlusive disease, ...
Meng Nai-Hsin NH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence and sonographic characteristics of thickened finger extensor tendons in affected hands of patients with stroke. Observational survey. Thirty-six patients (12 women, 24 men) admitted for rehabilitation because of stroke. 30 right-handed healthy volunteers. We used an 8-16 or a 6-12 MHz sonographic transducer to measure tendon ...
Bouchi Ryotaro - - 2010
It is unclear whether albuminuria and reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) independently increase the risk of incident stroke and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Japanese patients with diabetes. We investigated the independent effects of albuminuria and estimated GFR (eGFR) on the first occurrence of stroke and CAD in patients with ...
Schwammenthal Yvonne - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor of ischemic stroke. We tested whether the adoption of the CHADS(2) score in clinical guidelines has impacted treatment strategies for stroke prevention, and examined how AF affects stroke outcome. In the setting of two national surveys [National Acute Stroke Israeli Surveys; all ...
Szilvási Anikó - - 2010
ATP-binding cassette transporter G8 (ABCG8) was found to participate in plant sterol and cholesterol (CHOL) transport; however, the potential associations of ABCG8 genetic variants and ischemic vascular diseases are largely unknown. Determinations of allele frequencies of four common ABCG8 polymorphisms (D19H, Y54C, T400K, and A632V) were carried out in 241 ...
Nakamura Yoshikazu - - 2012
The prevalence and implications of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD), a causative arteriopathy of stroke are unclear in Asian stroke patients. Through a comparative study of VBD and non-VBD stroke patients, we aimed to elucidate the clinicoradiologic features of VBD patients in Japan. A total of 481 consecutive patients (302 men and ...
Chen Hung-Bin - - 2010
Postural configurations for stroke patients in performing Stand-to-Sit (StandTS) were thought identical to those in performing Sit-to-Stand. The specificity of StandTS in terms of leg load sharing and sitting impact forces is however largely unexplored. The objective of this research was to study how the two legs share loads and ...
Bhattacharya Pratik - - 2011
Cocaine use is associated with ischemic stroke through unique mechanisms, including reversible vasospasm, drug-induced arteritis, enhanced platelet aggregation, cardioembolism, and hypertensive surges. To date, no study has described disability in patients with cocaine-related ischemic stroke. The present study compared risk factors, comorbidities, complications, laboratory findings, medications, and outcomes in patients ...
Toth Peter - - 2011
Microalbuminuria, assessed by measuring immunoreactive albumin, is common in patients with cerebrovascular disease and is associated with increased risk of stroke. Total urinary albumin (t-uAlb) comprises both immunoreactive albumin (ir-uAlb) and nonimmunoreactive albumin (nir-uAlb). We hypothesized that t-uAlb is a more sensitive indicator of microalbuminuria than ir-uAlb, and that measurement ...
Panitchote Anupol - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Post-stroke seizures in Thailand have not been studied. Thus, the authors' main objective was to assess the prevalence of post-stroke seizures and the secondary objective was to determine the factors associated with post-stroke seizures and mortality after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The population ...
Park Hyun-Young - - 2010
Patients with cancer are hypercoagulable and at a significant risk for ischemic stroke, but rarely present with stroke as the first manifestation of an underlying malignancy. We report on 2 patients with bihemispheric, multiterritorial infarctions in the absence of a cardioembolic source.
Arsava Ethem Murat - - 2010
A 67-year-old male with prior history of atrial fibrillation was admitted to our center with acute onset of aphasia. He was treated by intravenous thrombolysis. Approximately 2 years later he presented with left-sided weakness, and was again treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (iv-tPA). The patient responded favorably to thrombolytics ...
De Marchis Gian Marco - - 2011
Physicians treating patients with posterior circulation strokes (PCS) tended to debate more on whether or not to introduce anticoagulation rather than performing investigations to identify stroke aetiology, as in patients with anterior circulation strokes (ACS). Recent findings suggest that stroke aetiologies of PCS and ACS are more alike than dissimilar, ...
Chen Chung-Yao - - 2011
Severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of stroke recurrence and mortality after stroke. Since nocturia is common in post-stroke patients with OSA, this study explored the predictive role of nocturia for severe OSA in patients with ischemic stroke. This was a cross-sectional, prospective study involving 65 consecutive patients ...
Krarup L-H - - 2011
Patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation are at increased risk of stroke progression and recurrence. We sought to assess whether D-dimer and other markers of hemostatic activation could predict these adverse events in such patients. Blood samples were obtained from patients included in the Heparin in Acute Embolic ...
Huisa Branko N - - 2010
One-quarter of ischemic strokes occur during sleep, and affected patients are excluded from thrombolytic therapy because of an unknown time of stroke onset. It has been suggested that early ischemic changes detected on computed tomography (CT) are similar in patients with acute stroke and patients who recently awoke with stroke. ...
Urban Peter P - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is currently no consensus on (1) the percentage of patients who develop spasticity after ischemic stroke, (2) the relation between spasticity and initial clinical findings after acute stroke, and (3) the impact of spasticity on activities of daily living and health-related quality of life. METHODS: In ...
Naess Halvor - - 2011
The main objective of this study was to investigate the circadian distribution of subtypes of ischemic stroke. The time of onset of stroke in consecutive stroke patients was registered and categorized into the following time intervals: midnight-6 am, 6 am-noon, noon-6 pm, and 6 pm-midnight. Patients with unknown onset of ...
Ferrari Julia - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke declines with increasing time to treatment initiation. Previous small-scale studies suggested that the earlier patients arrive, the longer it takes to administer recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. METHODS: Of 32 529 patients with stroke prospectively enrolled in the Austrian Stroke ...
Wada Yosuke - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether high-speed treadmill training improved the gait velocity of patients whose maximum walking speed was assumed to have reached a plateau level. The subjects included seven patients with hemiplegia after stroke. The high-speed treadmill training was performed as the maximum gait velocity ...
Skoloudík David - - 2011
Aims Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) enlargement is detectable in patients with increased intracranial pressure. The aim was to detect an enlargement of the ONSD using optic nerve sonography in patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) within 6&emsp14;h of the onset of symptoms. Methods Thirty-one acute ICH patients, 15 age-matched ...
Seok Jin Myoung - - 2010
It has been reported that embolic signal (ES) detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) has clinical significance, especially in patients with recent stroke attributable to arterial or cardiac embolism. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine whether the prevalence of ES is high in ischemic stroke patients with cancer and related ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >