Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2045
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Oksala Niku K J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral small vessel disease reflected by white matter lesions (WMLs) in MRI and kidney function reflected by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is closely associated in patients without stroke. We studied whether eGFR and WMLs predict long-term survival in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: After exclusion of ...
Yoshimura Sohei - - 2010
The configuration of aortic plaque appears to be as important as its thickness when it acts as an embolic source to the brain. The frequency and clinical predictors of ulcerated plaque at the aortic arch identified using transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in patients with stroke were determined, and the association between ...
Mansukhani Meghna P - - 2011
To evaluate the risk and presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke, and examine the correlation of OSA with age, sex, ischemic stroke subtype, disability, and death, a prospective cohort study was conducted in all consecutive patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke between June ...
Sheu Jau-Jiuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reflux esophagitis (RE) is the most common manifestation of gastro-esophageal reflux disease with esophageal injury. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no specific study to evaluate the risk of stroke after diagnosis of RE in young adults. This study aims to evaluate the risk ...
Kirshner H S - - 2010
Ischaemic stroke, the most common type of stroke, is classified into three main subtypes: large-vessel disease, lacunar or small-vessel disease, and cardioembolic; two further subtypes include a determined aetiology of "other" and cryptogenic. Although a substantial amount of literature exists concerning current guidelines for the secondary prevention of ischaemic stroke, ...
Thijs Vincent - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We studied the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events in patients who had a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke and who had evidence of microbleeds on MRI. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was performed on hospitalized patients who were at least 50 years old with a transient ...
Bondanelli Marta - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of death in industrialized countries, representing the main cause of long-term disability. Recent studies indicate that hypopituitarism may be observed after an acute stroke. The aim was to prospectively investigate incidence and pattern of pituitary dysfunction in patients suffering ischemic stroke and to assess the ...
Rozanski Michal - - 2010
The hyperintense acute reperfusion marker (HARM) has been described as a predictor for haemorrhagic transformation (HT) in acute ischaemic stroke. We hypothesised that this phenomenon is not present in the elderly. It was possible to assess 47/84 consecutive patients aged 80 and over with diagnosed ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic ...
Yamamoto Yoshiya - - 2011
A 64-year-old female with a history of primary biliary cirrhosis and esophageal varices starting at age 39 was brought to our Stroke Care Unit by ambulance with right-side weakness and speech difficulty. Physical examination revealed right hemiparesis (including the face), sensory disturbances, pathological reflexes, and slightly decreased consciousness, with a ...
Schroeder Verena - - 2010
We have recently shown that FXIII activation peptide (AP-FXIII) can be measured in plasma. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate for the first time if AP-FXIII can be detected in plasma from patients with acute ischaemic stroke. We included 66 patients with acute ischaemic stroke admitted between ...
Kolo P M - - 2010
Echocardiography is increasingly being used as a screening test to identify sources of cardiogenic embolism in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). However, no consensus exists presently on the utilization of this imaging facility in individuals with stroke. To evaluate the yield of transthoracic echocardiography in patients ...
Ogilvie Isla M - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation is associated with substantial mortality and morbidity from stroke and thromboembolism. Despite an efficacious oral anticoagulation therapy (warfarin), atrial fibrillation patients at high risk for stroke are often under-treated. This systematic review compares current treatment practices for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation with published guidelines. Literature searches (1997-2008) ...
Meseguer Elena - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Urgent evaluation and treatment of transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients in a dedicated TIA clinic may reduce the 90-day stroke risk by 80%. ABCD2 (Age, Blood pressure, Clinical features, Duration, Diabetes) score and magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities help to identify patients at high risk of stroke. Our aim was ...
Shafi Neelofer - - 2010
With the advent of new therapeutic options for acute ischemic stroke, expeditious evaluation of patients with suspected stroke has become imperative. Goals of the initial evaluation are to determine the time of symptom onset, severity of the neurologic deficit, and to exclude intracranial hemorrhage and other mimics of acute ischemic ...
Koga Yasutoshi - - 2010
Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a maternally inherited multisystem mitochondrial disorder. Although many molecular and cellular mechanisms have been discovered leading to mitochondrial cytopathy, the pathogenic mechanism of stroke-like episodes seen in MELAS has not been clarified yet. According to the muscle and brain pathology ...
Ebinger Martin - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After acute ischemic stroke, the proportion of patients with detectable lesions on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI sequences increases over time. We investigated whether thrombolysis was less effective in FLAIR-positive versus -negative patients. METHODS: In this single-center hospital-based study, all consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who underwent ...
Munshi A - - 2010
The pathogenesis of a number of diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neurological disorders, has been associated with changes in the balance of certain trace elements. In this study we aimed at investigating the levels of trace elements like calcium, copper, iron and zinc, in ischemic stroke patients in comparison ...
Skoloudík David - - 2010
The aim was to monitor the changes in hemocoagulation parameters in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients after sono-thrombolysis of the occluded middle cerebral artery using a duplex transcranial probe with 2.0-MHz frequency in Doppler mode. Sixteen AIS patients indicated for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) (8 males; mean age 68.3 +/- 7.1 ...
Mahe Guillaume - - 2010
Ischemic strokes represent more than 80% of total strokes in Western countries. The influence of dietary factors on ischemic stroke risk is debated mainly because available data are limited. Our objective was to compare the dietary pattern of symptomatic ischemic stroke patients under 65 years old with control subjects using ...
Jin Kwang Nam - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to show various cardiac MDCT findings of a cardioembolic origin in patients with embolic stroke. Cardiac MDCT is an emerging technique for the identification and assessment of a cardioembolic origin in patients with embolic stroke. In the near future, it will play an increasing ...
Wu Wenqing - - 2011
This study investigated whether cortical synchrony derived from electroencephalography (EEG) in elderly patients is impaired and if the impairment might reflect long-term functional recovery after stroke. The scalp EEG signals of stroke patients (N=42) were collected within seven days after the onset of stroke and analyzed with phase synchronization (PS). ...
Anuradha H K - - 2010
Stroke is a devastating complication of tuberculous meningitis and is an important determinant of its outcome. To prospectively evaluate the predictive factors for stroke in patients with tuberculous meningitis and to assess the impact of stroke on the overall prognosis and outcome. We evaluated and followed 100 patients of tuberculous ...
Li Chuei-Shiun - - 2010
Irradiation induced extracranial carotid occlusive disease has been recognized as a potential cause of post-irradiation stroke in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of extracranial CA disease in post-irradiated Taiwanese NPC ischemic stroke patients. Forty-three NPC patients with ischemic stroke were retrospectively selected from the ...
Houdijk Han - - 2010
Two common impairments in patients after stroke are loss of balance control and fatigue. We propose that both could be inter-related. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolic energy demand for balance control in patients after stroke during upright standing. Ten stroke patients and 12 able-bodied controls ...
Fischer Urs - - 2011
Objectives Data on decompressive craniectomy (DC) after intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for treatment of malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke are lacking. Methods The authors compared consecutive patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) strokes who underwent decompressive craniectomy (DC) after IAT with DC patients without prior thrombolysis. Results Thirty of 2395 ...
Terasawa Yuka - - 2010
Clinical-diffusion mismatch (CDM) between stroke severity and volume of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions seems to predict penumbra. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score on DWI (DWI ASPECTS) is a simple score for identifying ischaemic lesions. The authors examined whether CDM using DWI ASPECTS can predict neurological improvement in patients ...
Bielewicz Joanna - - 2011
The prediction of outcome after ischemic stroke (IS) is currently based on indirect data from clinical and radiological evaluation. We evaluated the usefulness of serum Tau protein as possible prognostic markers for IS. Fifty-six patients with computed tomography-confirmed IS were enrolled. Blood samples were obtained on days 1, 3, 5, ...
Bray Janet E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale is ineffectively used and lacks sensitivity and specificity. Melbourne (Australia) paramedics have been using the Melbourne Ambulance Stroke Screen (MASS) since 2005. The aim of this study was to review the real-world use of MASS 3 years after city ...
Hernandez-Guillamon Mar - - 2010
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is a cell surface and circulating enzyme involved in recruitment of lymphocytes and neutrophils through its semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity. We aimed to study plasma VAP-1/SSAO activity in relation to the risk for intracranial bleeding complications in patients with stroke treated with tissue plasminogen activator ...
Kimura Kazumi - - 2010
Time from stroke onset to treatment (OTT) is potentially an important factor affecting subsequent outcome in patients treated with t-PA. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between OTT and early recanalization rate after IV-t-PA therapy. Consecutive stroke patients treated with t-PA within 3h of onset were ...
Kung Pin-Cheng - - 2010
Abnormal synergy is one of the major motor deficits in stroke patients. Abnormal muscle synergies, in conjunction with weakness and spasticity, interfere with voluntary movements and restrict the range of motion. This study aimed to quantify abnormal synergies in the affected upper limbs of chronic stroke patients by using a ...
Türkano─člu Aysun - - 2010
Oxidative stress plays a major role in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis which is responsible for stroke. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify metabolites produced by oxidative stress within the cell and protect the cells against injury. This study aimed to investigate the association of polymorphisms in GSTT1, GSTM1 genes and GST activity with ...
Starkstein Sergio E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the frequency, clinical correlates, and mechanism of anosognosia after stroke. METHODS: We searched the most recent relevant literature on anosognosia after stroke and carried out a critical analysis of the main findings. RESULTS: Anosognosia is present in about 10% of acute stroke patients and its diagnosis is ...
White Rebekah C - - 2010
Following a right-hemisphere stroke, Patient NG could detect somatosensory stimulation that she was unable to localise. With vision precluded, NG systematically mislocalized touch on the little and ring finger of her affected left hand, and reported feeling this touch on the neighbouring rightward finger. This pattern of mislocalization occurred not ...
Santos-Gallego Carlos G - - 2010
Stroke is the second leading cause of cardiovascular mortality in the modern world, accounting for 80% of strokes of ischemic origin. There are two main etiologies of ischemic stroke: 70% to 80% are caused by carotid atherosclerotic plaque rupture and superimposed thrombus formation, whereas 30% are caused by systemic embolism ...
Ambrosini Emilia - - 2010
This study deals with the design of a controller for cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation. The controller will be exploitable in the rehabilitation of hemiparetic patients who need to recover motor symmetry. It uses the pulse width as the control variable in the stimulation of the two legs in ...
Schreiber S - - 2011
None of the vascular emergency diagnostic methods commonly used in the case of acute ischemic stroke, i. e. CTA, color-coded duplex sonography (CCDS), MRA, and DSA, is free of restrictions due to physical and physiological characteristics. As a result, misleading results initiating an inappropriate acute therapeutic intervention or hampering a ...
Brouns Raf - - 2010
Post-stroke inflammation may induce upregulation of the kynurenine (KYN) pathway for tryptophan (TRP) oxidation, resulting in neuroprotective (kynurenic acid, KA) and neurotoxic metabolites (3-hydroxyanthranillic acid, 3-HAA). We investigated whether activity of the kynurenine pathway in acute ischemic stroke is related to initial stroke severity, long-term stroke outcome and the ischemia-induced ...
Rao Noel - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The ability to maintain balance can be affected by misperception of the body position in space that is common in individuals with a stroke. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether individuals with recent stroke could participate in assessment of their perceived body position in standing. METHODS: ...
Telman Gregory - - 2010
There are currently no comparative data about ethnic differences in ischemic stroke in Arab and Jewish populations. Data on 727 consecutive Arab and Jewish patients of working age (<or=65 years) with stroke were compared for risk profile, etiology, subtyping, and immediate functional outcome. The mean age was 59.4 +/- 8.2 ...
Cheng-Ching Esteban - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Embolic stroke is a feared complication after open heart surgery. Many patients undergo testing of the carotid arteries before surgery, but intracranial atherosclerosis is not commonly assessed as a mechanism. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database of all open heart surgeries at our institution from 2005 to 2007 ...
Blondin Nicholas A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has suggested that patients with right hemispheric stroke (RHS) present later to an emergency department, have a lower chance to receive intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), and have poorer clinical outcomes than do patients with left hemispheric stroke (LHS). METHODS: We analyzed the rate of ...
Lee Jong-Young - - 2010
The association between the anatomic characteristics obtained by omni-plane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and stroke recurrence in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains unclear. In the present longitudinal follow-up study, we sought to investigate whether PFO findings assessed by TEE can predict stroke recurrence. Of the 1,014 ...
Schweitzer Joey R - - 2010
Secondary worsening of stroke symptoms is described in 13-37% of stroke patients, but the exact mechanism of this phenomenon remains unclear. The aim of this study is to find prognostic variables in correlation to secondary worsening of stroke symptoms in patients with lacunar or cortical strokes. In this prospective observational ...
Toossi Shahed - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: An association between cocaine use and stroke has been reported, but few studies have examined cocaine-related neurovascular disease using modern stroke diagnostic techniques. We describe a large cohort of patients with cocaine-related stroke to define the pathophysiology and manifestations of cocaine-related neurovascular disease. METHODS: All adult admissions to a ...
Mathew Stephen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system infections are one of the common causes of stroke in developing countries. Stroke after dengue is uncommon. CASE REPORTS: A total of 1148 dengue cases were seen in a tertiary referral hospital during the epidemic from September to November 2008. We present 3 patients who had ...
Nakipo─člu-Yüzer Güldal F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the effect of the cerebrovascular accident etiology in the geriatric patients with hemiplegia included in our physical medicine and rehabilitation program on functional improvement. METHODS: A total of 46 geriatric patients with hemiplegia attending the inpatient physical medicine and rehabilitation program were included in the ...
Uchiyama Shinichiro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to clarify risk factor profiles and current treatment of Japanese patients with stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) using the database of the Japan Thrombosis Registry for Atrial Fibrillation, Coronary, or Cerebrovascular Events (J-TRACE). METHODS: J-TRACE is a nationwide multicenter cooperative cohort of Japanese ...
Rost Natalia S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: White matter hyperintensity (WMH) is a common radiographic finding in the aging population and a potent risk factor for symptomatic cerebrovascular disease. It is unclear whether WMH represents a single or multiple biological processes. We sought to investigate the extent and determinants of WMH in patients with acute ischemic ...
Skoloudík David - - 2010
D-dimers are one of the basic laboratory markers of fibrinolytic system activity. The aim of this prospective study was to detect changes in D-dimer levels in acute stroke patients as a function of the time of artery recanalization and the therapy used. During a 12-month period, 80 acute ischemic stroke ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >