Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2098
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González Sánchez Juan A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data characterizing stroke patients among Hispanic population are scant. The aim of this study was to describe this population and to assess baseline knowledge of stroke type, risk factors, and family history, among others. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 253 stroke patients admitted to the University ...
Kim Youngsun - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between prolonged stage transition duration (STD) and aspiration. STDs and aspiration ratings were made from videofluoroscopic examinations previously obtained for other studies. Three groups of subjects were examined: (1) 20 stroke patients who aspirated, (2) 31 stroke patients who did ...
de Oliveira Mônica H C F - - 2007
Platelet membrane glycoprotein receptors mediate key reactions in arterial thrombosis. The relationship between glycoprotein Ia polymorphisms and the risk of ischemic stroke, however, remains controversial. A matched case-control study was conducted to evaluate this question in young patients. Seventy patients with ischemic stroke of undetermined etiology, with ages ranging from ...
Hankey Graeme J - - 2007
Recent trials of antiplatelet therapy for stroke prevention indicate that the combination of clopidogrel (75 mg/d) plus low-dose aspirin (75-162 mg/d) was not more effective than low-dose aspirin alone in the long-term prevention of major vascular events among patients at high risk of atherothrombotic events, nor was it more effective ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although extracerebral embolism accounts for 5-10% of all paradoxical embolisms, it still remains a ghostlike entity in cardiovascular pathophysiology. The aim of this brief report was to analyze the profile of patients with paradoxical extracerebral embolism and intracardiac shunts, and the role of shunt closure on the recurrence of ...
Treger I - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present the current state of knowledge regarding return to work (RTW) following stroke. METHOD: A comprehensive review of the current stroke rehabilitation literature pertaining to prognostic and treatment factors for RTW following stroke. RESULTS: Stroke is a major healthcare problem and one of the most expensive diseases in ...
Zubkov Alexander Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Amyloidosis is an uncommon disorder that ultimately leads to fatal multiorgan failure. Ischemic strokes have been sporadically described but are not well characterized. The purpose of this study was to review the pathophysiologic relationship between primary systemic amyloidosis and ischemic stroke, and to determine how often stroke is the ...
Iguchi Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We investigated whether new ischaemic lesions (NIL) on follow-up diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) are associated with microembolic signals (MES) within 24 h or at 48 h after stroke onset. METHODS: Patients had acute ischaemic stroke and were studied within 24 h of onset. Transcranial Doppler ...
Purdy Mary - - 2007
Rehabilitation programs strive to help patients become more independent in all aspects of daily living. Therefore, management of a patient's healthcare requirements should be an integral part of the rehabilitation program, including management of medications. Some rehabilitation programs implement self-medication programs (SMP); however, patients with cognitive deficits are often excluded. ...
Belvís Robert - - 2007
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is more frequent in cryptogenic stroke patients than in the general population. The aim of this study was to determine prothrombotic markers regarding PFO in young cryptogenic stroke patients. We prospectively included consecutive cryptogenic stroke patients younger than 55 years. PFO was diagnosed with simultaneous transcranial ...
Olson Scott E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke offers hope to those patients who do not meet the strict inclusion criteria for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. Because no approach or device can be optimal for every patient, it is desirable to have options. This case is the first report on a ...
Mizrahi Eliyahu H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a previous stroke may affect the functional outcome gain of elderly patients undergoing rehabilitation for a hip fracture. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The division of geriatric medicine with rehabilitation wards at a university-affiliated referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with hip fractures (N=460) undergoing a standard ...
White Christopher J - - 2007
The primary therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke, as for MI patients, is early reperfusion. Improvement in stroke treatment will require dedicated stroke centers to emulate MI quality indicators such as minimizing the "door-to-balloon time". A critical element in achieving this goal will be organizing the existing multidisciplinary pool of carotid ...
Ong Cheung-Ter - - 2007
A study was conducted for 121 patients (55 female, 66 male; age 68.7 +/- 10.4 years) with first-ever ischemic stroke to investigate the frequency and risk factors of early neurological deterioration (ND). The initial evaluation was carried out within 24 hours of stroke onset. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ...
Braun Susy M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of the Structural Dimension Analysis of Motor Memory (SDA-M), a method derived from sports psychology, in establishing the mental representations of complex movements in patients after stroke. DESIGN: Case series of patients, with age-matched healthy controls. SETTING: A rehabilitation nursing home. SUBJECTS: Sixteen patients 3-26 ...
Karaye K M KM Department of Medicine, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, - - 2007
Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The case fatality rates from stroke are two- to three-fold higher in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, than in the developed world, mainly because of limited healthcare facilities and untreated risk factors. The aim was to determine the prevalence of traditional ...
Ross Amy Miner AM School of Nursing, Oregon Health & Science University, Ashland, Oregon 97520, USA. - - 2007
The peripheral inflammatory response, as a proxy for the acute-phase response (a known mechanism for ischemic preconditioning), and non-damage-producing transient ischemia must exist together in humans if this candidate mechanism confers ischemic tolerance. The present study was aimed at determining whether the peripheral inflammatory response (ie, elevated white blood cell, ...
Shah Imtiaz M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with macrovascular disease and an altered pattern of cerebrovascular disease. We investigated stroke subtype presentation in Type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients, and analysed patients with and without the MetS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 243 T2D patients with first presentation of ...
Krejci, Eric
Capstone design final report
Baruch Lawrence - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with atrial fibrillation have a varied risk of stroke, depending on age and comorbid conditions. The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of stroke risk classification schemes and to identify patients with atrial fibrillation who are at substantial risk of stroke despite ...
Ueno Yuji - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple brain infarcts are often seen on diffusion-weighted images in cardioembolic stroke patients. Recently, mobile aortic plaques (MAPs) have been proposed as embolic sources. However, the clinical characteristics of patients with MAPs are unclear. METHODS: We prospectively studied patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent transesophageal echocardiography. ...
Prabhakaran Shyam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To characterize short-term prognoses among patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and normal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) results, TIA patients with abnormal DWI results (transient symptoms associated with infarction [TSI]), and patients with completed ischemic stroke (IS). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: We reviewed patient medical records between ...
Alevizaki M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low triiodothyronine (T3) has been associated with increased short-term mortality in intensive care unit patients and long-term mortality in patients with heart disease. The objective of this study was to investigate possible associations of thyroid hormone status with clinical outcome in patients admitted for acute stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Jensen Jesper K - - 2008
We evaluated characteristics and prevalence of ST-segment depression and/or T-wave inversion in the resting electrocardiogram of 244 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke, but without ischemic heart disease. The prevalence of ST-T changes ranged from 13% to 16% and this is what to expect in the background population.
Mizrahi Eliyahu H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low serum albumin level is considered a marker of poor health outcome in various medical conditions. A relationship between low albumin levels and poor functional outcome has been found in the elderly, lower albumin predicting a greater functional decline. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Kumral Emre E Cerebrovascular Unit, Department of Neurology, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey. - - 2007
Acute isolated disorientation of time, chronotaraxis, is an uncommon manifestation of thalamic stroke. To our knowledge, acute thalamic chronotaraxis with MRI findings has not previously been reported. To describe five patients with chronotaraxis after thalamic stroke and attempt to demonstrate the correlation between lesion location and neurological findings. Isolated time ...
Carod-Artal Francisco Javier - - 2007
American trypanosomiasis, also known as Chagas' disease (CD), is a major public health problem and a frequent cause of chronic cardiomyopathy and stroke in South America. The role of CD as an independent stroke risk factor is reviewed. Chronic cardiomyopathy can appear 10-30 years after the initial infection and affects ...
De Keyser Jacques - - 2007
Because of the risk of hemorrhage, especially in the brain, thrombolytic therapy with intravenous alteplase is restricted by guidelines, and only a small number of selected patients are being treated. Findings from metaanalyses, post hoc analyses of the randomized trials, and postlicensing experience suggest that more subjects, who otherwise have ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2008
Whether intracardiac right-to-left shunt (RLS) is an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular accidents is disputed. In patients with RLS, venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) may predispose to paradoxical embolic events, among which stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Whether genetic or acquired thrombophilia is associated with RLS is unclear. Thus, we compared ...
Bashir, Shahid
The purpose of this thesis was to investigate whether (1) the motor performance of stroke patients can be improved by training on a hand ergometer and (2) the motor performance of cerebellar patients by training on a climbing wall. The thesis consists of 3 experimental parts. The first part concerns ...
Ravipati Gautham - - 2008
We investigated in 306 patients, mean age 57 +/- 10 years, with diabetes mellitus (202 patients) or hypertension (179 patients) whether microalbuminuria was a significant independent risk factor for the development of new stroke or new myocardial infarction (MI) or death. At 39-month follow-up, new stroke or new MI or ...
Bisdas Sotirios - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Adverse neurologic outcomes, like stroke, in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after cardiac surgery can have devastating consequences, among them increased mortality risk and, among survivors, loss of independence and a diminished quality of life. Non-contrast computed tomography (CT) remains a widely utilised modality for assessing stroke; however, it ...
Hernández-Rodríguez José - - 2007
Several studies suggest that patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) presenting with isolated polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) with no cranial symptoms are at low risk of suffering GCA-related ischemic events. However, the issue remains controversial. In the current study we assessed the development of ischemic events in a large series of ...
Zheng Ping-Pin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Gliomas are among the highest vascularized tumors. We hypothesized that patients with gliomas have increased levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and circulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). METHODS: The fraction of EPCs was quantified by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis using anti-CD34, -CD133 and -KDR (kinase insert domain ...
Gialanella B - - 2007
AIM: Few data exist about walking and motility after infratentorial stroke (IS). The aim of this study was to objectively quantify pre-rehabilitation and post-rehabilitation walking and mobility in a group of IS patients admitted for inpatient rehabilitation and to determine factors influencing functional outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients with ...
Botez Stephan A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mechanisms leading to aggressive behavior among patients with acute posterior cerebral artery stroke. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We prospectively included all of the patients with posterior cerebral artery stroke and aggressive behavior admitted to our department from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2004. Patients with ...
Valentini M - - 2008
In 1987, Weiskrantz and Zhang described a stroke patient with severe somatosensory loss who, nevertheless, demonstrated impressive residual sensory performance when required to touch the affected limb with her ipsilesional hand (self touch; ST). The current study set out to ascertain the prevalence and characteristics of self-touch enhancement (STE) in ...
Nikas Dimitrios - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of carotid artery stenting (CAS) in patients with acute stroke who underwent angioplasty of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA). METHODS: Patients were eligible for CAS if they presented within 6 hours of symptom onset and had a National Institutes of Health ...
Krupinski Jerzy - - 2007
Inflammation is receiving increased attention as a cause of atherosclerosis and stroke. Several inflammatory biomarkers, and particularly high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), have been identified as likely predictors of the risk of a future stroke. In clinical settings, it has been consistently observed that higher concentrations of CRP are associated with ...
Baum Larry - - 2007
Environmental and genetic factors may both affect the risk of vascular cognitive impairment developing after a stroke. To identify factors affecting this risk, the cognitive status of 121 patients was examined 3 months after an ischemic stroke. In all patients and in 270 control subjects, 7 polymorphisms reported to affect ...
Hamidon B B - - 2007
Subclinical cerebral infarcts (SCI) have been increasingly shown to cause a significant clinical impact. However, there are limited data available on Asian patients. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of SCI in ischaemic stroke patients seen in the Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM) and to identify ...
Gallas S - - 2007
This work aimed to study mylohyoid motor-evoked potentials (MHMEPs) and examined if it is related to chronic stroke dysphagia. Conduction time (CT) and amplitudes of the right and left MHMEPs in response to focal cortical magnetic stimulations over affected and unaffected hemispheres were recorded in 16 stroke patients with aspiration ...
Park Su Yon SY Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kyunghee Medical Center, Kyunghee University, College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2007
Ischemic stroke is a complex condition influenced by many factors. Previous studies have demonstrated that inflammatory markers might play a role in such vascular diseases. Therefore the purpose of this study was to compare the expression of inflammatory markers in Korean ischemic stroke patients and to investigate their relationship to ...
Brouns Raf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of Fabry disease in young patients with cryptogenic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the prevalence of Fabry disease in patients aged 16-60 years that were admitted to ZNA Middelheim Hospital from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2004 for cryptogenic stroke. We screened ...
Mukherjee Debabrata - - 2007
We assessed the effect of previous peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and stroke on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and sought to ascertain the effectiveness of evidence-based therapies in these patients. We used data from the multinational Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events. Patients were enrolled at ...
Lansberg Maarten G MG Stanford Stroke Center, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. - - 2007
The perfusion-diffusion mismatch (PDM) model has been proposed as a tool to select acute stroke patients who are most likely to benefit from reperfusion therapy. The clinical-diffusion mismatch (CDM) model is an alternative method that is technically less challenging because it does not require perfusion-weighted imaging. This study is an ...
Ross Michael A - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transient ischemic attack patients treated with an accelerated diagnostic protocol in an emergency department (ED) observation unit will experience shorter lengths of stay, lower costs, and comparable clinical outcomes relative to patients with traditional inpatient admission. METHODS: A prospective randomized study of ED transient ischemic ...
Sachdev P S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal atrophy is an early feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but it has also been reported in vascular dementia (VaD). It is uncertain whether hippocampal size can help differentiate the two disorders. METHODS: We assessed 90 stroke/TIA patients 3-6 months after the event, and 75 control subjects, with neuropsychological ...
Castellanos Mar - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Plasma levels of cellular fibronectin (c-Fn) > or =3.6 microg/mL and of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) > or =140 ng/mL have been associated with parenchymal hematoma (PH) after treatment with tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. In this prospective study, we sought to validate ...
Kwan J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to explore the frequency, risk factors, and clinical consequences of post-stroke infections (PSI). METHODS: We assessed consecutive patients admitted with suspected stroke. On day 1, we recorded the patients' baseline characteristics, stroke subtype and severity, physiological parameters, and laboratory results. On day 5, we recorded the occurrence ...
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