Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2076
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Lee Seung-Hoon - - 2011
Cerebral microbleeds (MBs) are understood as an important radiologic marker of intracerebral hemorrhage. We sought to investigate the temporal changes of MBs and clinical factors associated with the changes using long-term follow-up MRI. From October 2002 to July 2006, we prospectively enrolled patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack, and ...
Chien Kuo-Liong - - 2011
We investigated relationship of low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), high levels of triglycerides, and renal function for the odds, prognosis and survival following acute coronary events among patients with a first event and normal low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. A case-control study based on 557 patients and ...
Farnier Michel - - 2011
Fibrates have been reported to cause paradoxical decreases in HDL-C in certain patients. This post-hoc analysis explored the frequency/magnitude of HDL-C reductions in a pooled database of mixed dyslipidemic patients (LDL-C:3.4-5.7 mmol/L;TG:1.7-5.7 mmol/L) receiving placebo (PBO), fenofibrate (FENO), ezetimibe plus FENO (EZE+FENO), or EZE/simvastatin plus FENO (EZE/SIMVA+FENO) for 12 weeks. ...
Naji Franjo - - 2011
Recently few studies tried to confirm the association between AF and lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), however the results remained conflicted. In present study we evaluated the possible interaction between Lp(a), inflammatory state and echocardiographic characteristics in patients after successful electrical cardioversion (EC) of persistent AF. We also tried to investigate the role ...
Holm Sverre - - 2011
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) has been shown to play an important role in macrophage cholesterol trafficking and associated inflammation. To further elucidate the role of FABP4 in atherogenesis in humans, we examined the regulation of FABP4 in carotid atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke. We examined plasma FABP4 levels in ...
Mata Nelva - - 2011
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients are at high risk for premature coronary heart disease (CHD). Despite the use of statins, most patients do not achieve an optimal LDL-cholesterol goal. The aims of this study are to describe baseline characteristics and to evaluate Lipid Lowering Therapy (LLT) in FH patients recruited in ...
Donnino Michael W - - 2011
Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with increased mortality in septic shock. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a key cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, but whether CoQ10 is depleted in septic shock remains unknown. Moreover, statin therapy may decrease CoQ10 levels, but whether this occurs acutely remains unknown. We measured CoQ10 levels ...
Kunisaki Ken M - - 2011
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) demonstrate variable responses to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The factors contributing to this variability are not well understood. Data from patients with asthma have suggested that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels contribute to a lack of ICS response in asthma. The objective of this ...
Haroon Muhammad - - 2010
The objectives of this study are to assess: (a) the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among new patients attending rheumatology outpatient departments, (b) the age profile of these low vitamin D patients and (c) whether any diagnostic category had a particularly high number of vitamin D-deficient patients. All new patients ...
Jean G - - 2011
In chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients, vitamin D deficiency is associated with mortality. In some observational studies, calcitriol analogue therapy was associated with a better survival rate in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels and alfacalcidol ...
Kallel Lamia - - 2011
The role of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) and its determinants in Crohn's disease (CD) remain uncertain. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of HHC and its main risk factors in Tunisian patients with CD. This study included 89 patients with CD and 103 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Fasting venous ...
Griesche-Philippi J - - 2010
malnutrition is a common problem in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Several studies showed 30 years ago that more than half of patients with ESRD suffered from exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. However, the studies never investigated whether the functional impairments led to morphological changes of the pancreas or to steatorrhea ...
Lambert Marc - - 2010
Inferior vena cava agenesis (IVCA) is a rare condition, found in almost 5% of patients under 30 years old with unprovoked deep venous thrombosis (DVT). We describe 10 consecutive patients with IVCA-associated DVT and conducted an extensive literature review to investigate the typical spectrum of IVCA-associated DVT. Among our patients ...
Ooi Chee Y - - 2011
Different mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene (CFTR) are associated with different functional status of the exocrine pancreas. We investigated whether CFTR genotypes determine the risk of pancreatitis in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients with pancreatic-sufficient CF were identified from 2 CF population-based databases (N = 277; 62 with ...
Imrie C W - - 2010
  Over 11000 UK patients each year develop pancreatic exocrine insufficiency--the major causes are not rare: cystic fibrosis (>300 new cases/year), pancreatic cancer (>7000 new cases/year) and chronic pancreatitis (>4000 new cases/year). Affected patients present in diverse ways, and for chronic pancreatitis, diagnosis is frequently made rather late in the ...
van Toorenenbergen A W - - 2010
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is associated with a marked elevation of serum total IgG₄ . Although there is evidence of autoimmunity in AIP, there are also signs of an allergic nature of its pathogenesis. Therefore, we determined both IgE and IgG₄ in 13 patients with AIP, in 12 patients with pancreatic ...
Naitoh Itaru - - 2010
The aim of the study was to clarify the problems of the Japanese criteria for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in comparison with the other criteria. We retrospectively investigated the clinical, imaging, serological, and histopathogic features, together with other organ involvement and response to steroid, in 50 patients with AIP diagnosed on ...
Habtezion Aida - - 2011
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction by hemin or Panhematin protects against experimental pancreatitis. As a preclinical first step toward determining whether HO-1 upregulation is a viable target in acute pancreatitis (AP) patients, we tested the hypothesis that HO-1 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subsets of hospitalized patients with mild ...
Marquard Jan - - 2011
A severe rare complication in patients with branched-chain organic acidurias (BCOA) is pancreatitis with a limited number of patients published so far. Here, we report on a patient with methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) who developed chronic pancreatitis after several episodes of acute pancreatitis. In addition, an overview is given about some ...
Zhang Jianbin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous blood purification (CBP) on early gut mucosal dysfunction in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Patients with SAP were randomized to receive 24 hours of continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH; n = 33) or no CVVH (n = 30). ...
Andersson Bodil - - 2010
Mortality caused by acute pancreatitis in patients admitted to the hospital has been thoroughly investigated, but knowledge regarding outpatient fatalities is far from complete. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and clinical characteristics of patients who have died due to acute pancreatitis occurring outside the hospital. ...
Sutton Jeffrey M - - 2010
For patients with severe chronic pancreatitis, total or completion pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation (IAT) can alleviate pain and avoid the complications of diabetes. Several genetic mutations, specifically, PRSS1, CFTR, and SPINK1, are associated with chronic pancreatitis. Few reports have focused on the benefit of this operation for this subset ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2010
The accessory pancreatic duct (APD) is the main drainage duct of the dorsal pancreatic bud in the embryo, entering the duodenum at the minor duodenal papilla (MIP). With the growth, the duct of the dorsal bud undergoes varying degrees of atrophy at the duodenal end. Patency of the APD in ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2011
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is considered to be a pancreatic lesion of IgG4-related systemic disease, but about 20% of AIP patients do not have elevated serum IgG4 levels. This study aimed to clarify the pathophysiology of AIP patients without elevated serum IgG4 levels. Fifty-eight AIP patients were divided into 2 groups: ...
Arumugam Geetha - - 2011
Chronic pancreatitis is a serious condition associated with severe abdominal pain, and a significant percentage of patients progresses to irreversible calcification in pancreas. The present study evaluates the degree to which the levels of trace elements, copper, iron, selenium, zinc and haemoglobin-Fe(3+), in blood, serum and pancreas have any role ...
Pezzilli Raffaele - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There are very few data regarding inflammation in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas. Aim: To evaluate the circulating concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF), transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-α), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1), tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in patients ...
DiMagno Matthew J - - 2010
We review important new clinical observations in chronic pancreatitis made in the past year. Cigarette smoking is a dose-dependent risk factor for acute pancreatitis, recurrent acute pancreatitis, and chronic pancreatitis. A minority of chronic alcohol consumers develop recurrent acute pancreatitis but very heavy drinking associates with chronic pancreatitis. More patients ...
Gold David V - - 2010
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an almost universally lethal disease, in large part, due to our inability to detect early-stage disease. Monoclonal antibody PAM4 is reactive with a unique biomarker expressed by >85% of pancreatic adenocarcinomas. In this report, we examined the ability of a PAM4-based immunoassay to detect early-stage disease. The ...
Maire Frédérique - - 2011
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is better described than before, but there is still no international consensus for definition, diagnosis, and treatment. Our aims were to analyze the short- and long-term outcome of patients with focus on pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions, to search for predictive factors of relapse and pancreatic insufficiency, ...
Mitnala Sasikala - - 2010
The present study was conducted to monitor the expression of pancreas and duodenal homeobox gene (PDX-1) for assessing beta-cell function in islets from patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). Islets isolated from the pancreata of 40 surgical patients categorized as control group, patients with mild CP, and patients with advanced CP ...
Miccini Michelangelo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transduodenal sphincterotomy (TS) has fallen into disuse since endoscopists developed techniques to treat sphincter problems nonsurgically. However, some patients experience recurrent sphincter strictures after endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES), with the ampulla endoscopically inaccessible, and pancreas divisum (PD); these patients are referred to a surgeon because they are unsuitable for ES. ...
Duggan Sinéad - - 2010
Chronic pancreatitis results in exocrine and endocrine dysfunction, affecting normal digestion and absorption of nutrients. In individuals with chronic pancreatitis, nutrition status may be further affected by poor dietary intake, often related to alcoholism. However, some deficiencies may be overlooked, potentially leading to nutrition-related problems with bone health and fatigue. ...
Stormon Michael O - - 2010
: Because the acinar cells of the exocrine pancreas in patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) are severely depleted, we hypothesized that a similar deficiency may be present in acinar cells of the parotid gland. : We determined serum pancreatic isoamylase and parotid amylase activities in 16 patients with SDS, 13 ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Studies evaluating hemoconcentration as a marker of necrosis in acute pancreatitis have reached different conclusions. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of transfer status on the accuracy of hemoconcentration for the prediction of pancreatic necrosis. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 339 patients in an observational cohort ...
Hamzaoui Kamel - - 2010
BACKGROUND and There is little knowledge about clinical and immunological variables associated with vitamin D insufficiency in inflammatory diseases. We sought to investigate disease variables associated with vitamin D levels in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and its interaction with inflammatory responses. One hundred and sixty BD patients (102 patients ...
Dítĕ Petr - - 2010
Pancreatic carcinoma belongs to the area of conditions with late diagnosis and there is no effective screening method. One possible approach to diagnosing so called early adenocarcinoma, therefore, lies in the identification and systematic examination of individuals in risk for this condition. Between 1992 and 2005 we systematically observed 223 ...
Kobayashi Go - - 2010
This study assessed the mechanism of fistula formation in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas. A total of 274 patients with IPMN who had been diagnosed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at our center were enrolled. The patients with IPMN which had fistula formation into ...
Tomaino Barbara - - 2011
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a dismal prognosis and no diagnostic markers have, as of yet, been defined. In PDAC patients, α-enolase (ENOA) is up-regulated and elicits the production of autoantibodies. Here, we analyzed the autoantibody response to post-translational modifications of ENOA in PDAC patients. ENOA isolated from PDAC tissues ...
Petrov Maxim S - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no consistency between the individual studies in the literature on whether organ failure (OF) or infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is the main determinant of severity in acute pancreatitis. We aimed to statistically aggregate the available data and determine the pooled influence of OF and IPN ...
Orgera Gianluigi - - 2011
We describe the use of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for ablation of two pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs; insulinomas) in two inoperable young female patients. Both suffered from episodes of severe nightly hypoglycemia that was not efficiently controlled by medical treatment. After HIFU ablation, local disease control and symptom relief ...
Afzelius Pia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is considered to be a universal exocrinopathy most likely based on autoimmune mechanisms. The degree of exocrine involvement in SS with the exception of salivary and lachrymal glands is, however, not yet established. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We therefore examined the morphology, the exocrine and endocrine functions ...
Chu Carrie K - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine differences in presentation and outcome in pancreaticoduodenectomy for benign and malignant processes. Pancreaticoduodenectomies performed for pancreatic adenocarcinoma or chronic pancreatitis from 2000 to 2008 were identified from a prospectively maintained database and compared. Pancreaticoduodenectomy revealed adenocarcinoma in 220 patients and benign chronic ...
Otto Jens - - 2010
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome are increasingly observed in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IAH on pancreatic histology and ultrastructure in a porcine model. We examined 16 intubated and anesthetized domestic pigs with a mean body ...
Lujano-Nicol?s L A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process that may involve peripancreatic tissue and distant organs. According to the Atlanta criteria, in 10 to 20% of the patients the disease is severe. Nowadays there are different clinical and biochemical severity scales such as the Ranson, APACHE-II (Acute Physiology and Chronic ...
Evans Kate E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is associated with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. We previously reported that in 30% (20/66) of adult celiac patients with current or persistent diarrhea the underlying cause was exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Of these 20 patients, 19 initially improved on pancreatic supplementation. To date, there are no published longitudinal studies. ...
Artifon Everson L A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation between the consensus and clinical definitions of pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), with the objective of updating and revising the definition of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). METHODS: Three hundred patients were subjected to serial serum amylase & lipase levels testing and abdominal computed tomography scan ...
Kheda M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We previously described the association of pancreatitis with the use of iodixanol radiocontrast in two patients on hemodialysis. This study was designed to determine whether there might be a causal link. DESIGN: 30 consecutive hemodialysis patients without predisposition for pancreatitis who were undergoing de-clotting and angioplasty of ...
Nishino Takayoshi - - 2010
We have reviewed the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) images of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and pancreatic carcinoma (Pca) in an attempt to identify findings that would facilitate making a differential diagnosis between AIP and Pca. The study cohort consisted of 39 patients diagnosed with AIP and 62 patients diagnosed ...
Engel S S - - 2010
Recent case reports of acute pancreatitis in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) treated with incretin-based therapies have triggered interest regarding the possibility of a mechanism-based association between pancreatitis and glucagon-like peptide-1 mimetics or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. The objective of this review was to describe the controlled preclinical and ...
Harada Ryo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a pancreatic stent regarding the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis after aspiration of pure pancreatic juice in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. METHODS: A retrospective study was made to assess the outcome in 121 consecutive ...
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