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Beniczky Simona Alexandra SA Epilepsy Clinic, Department of Neurology, Glostrup University Hospital, Nordre Ringvej 57, DK-2600 Glostrup, - - 2012
There is considerable evidence suggesting, that older antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and some of the newer ones decrease bone mineral density (BMD). However, there is only limited and conflicting data concerning the effect of levetiracetam on BMD. In this cross-sectional study we analysed data from 168 adult consecutive outpatients treated with ...
Tekin Gulacan - - 2012
Procoagulant and prothrombotic states in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) are higher than those in patients with normal sinus rhythm. We assessed and compared serum γ-glutamyltranferase (GGT) activity in elderly patients with nonvalvular AF and control participants with normal sinus rhythm. Consecutive patients (n = 81) with nonvalvular chronic ...
Frisk Per - - 2012
Frisk P, Arvidson J, Larsson M, Naessén T. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are increased in young adults treated with stem cell transplantation during childhood. Abstract:  We measured risk factors for CVD in 18 patients at a median of 18.2 yr after SCT and in sex and age-matched controls. Three patients ...
Schnell Thomas - - 2012
Alterations in gray matter density as well as cognitive impairments are commonly described in patients with schizophrenia (SCH patients). Both gray matter deficits and cognitive impairments have recently been discussed to represent vulnerability markers of schizophrenia. The counterintuitive finding of better cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia and cannabis use ...
Koyoshi Rie - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the interrelationships among brachial flow-mediated vasodilatation (bFMD), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and brachial intima-media thickness (bIMT) in patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and Results: Two-hundred consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) were enrolled as the CAD group and 50 ...
Miyata Hitomi - - 2012
Rapid amelioration of hypercholesterolemia in nephrotic syndrome (NS) using low density lipoprotein-apheresis (LDL-A) sometimes leads to NS remission, along with improvement of impaired biodefense system; however, the mechanism of how LDL-A affects NS is still unknown. We studied IFN-γ production under IL-12 stimulation for 24 h in whole blood from 30 ...
Xu Dan-Feng - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of low-frequency electrotherapy (LFE) for female patients with early-stage detrusor underactivity (DUA) due to neuromuscular deficiency. A total of 102 female patients were divided randomly into four groups: LFE-NC (normal compliance), LFE-LC (low compliance), CON (control)-NC and CON-LC. Patients in ...
Hrira Mohamed Yahia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The relationship between Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoprotein B, C-reactive protein and the severity coronary artery disease in Tunisian CAD patients has not been examined. We investigated the association between serum ApoA-I, ApoB, hs-CRP and the severity of coronary artery disease. METHODS: This study was carried out on 180 patients who ...
Knowlton N - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore apolipoprotein-defined lipoproteins for abnormalities when comparing non-rheumatological controls to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: Apolipoprotein and lipoprotein profiles were measured on 94 RA patients and 79 controls by immunoturbidimetric procedures, electroimmunoassays, and immunoprecipitation. Differences between means were tested with a two-sided ...
Zhang Ya-chen - - 2012
The relationship between oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unknown. We, therefore, measured serum levels of Ox-LDL and high-sensitivity (hs)-CRP in 90 ACS patients, 45 stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients, and 66 healthy controls using sandwich ELISA. ACS patients were ...
Wildt Marie - - 2012
Capillary abnormalities, such as the enlargement and/or disappearance of capillary loops, occur early in the majority of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to compare three capillaroscopic methods of determining the capillary density in patients with SSc. Two of the three methods involved stereo-zoom microscopy ...
Fan Chun-Yan - - 2012
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation percentage (FMD%) are common parameters used for detecting subclinical atherosclerosis. This study compared subclinical atherosclerosis of the carotid and brachial arteries in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy controls using high resolution ultrasonography. We also investigated their correlation with clinical ...
Kotani Kazuhiko - - 2012
Small dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) which has a small LDL particle size with greater susceptibility to oxidation is regarded as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease. The diacron reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) test has recently been introduced as an oxidative stress-related marker in the clinic. The aim of the present ...
Li Yun - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of oral pioglitazone (PIO) on lipid metabolism, insulin resistance, inflammation, and adipokine metabolism in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. In this randomized crossover trial, 36 CAPD patients with serum triglyceride levels above 1.8 mmol/L were randomly assigned to ...
Echida Yoshihisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) has been proposed as a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of non-HDL-C in predicting CV mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: We calculated the serum non-HDL-C level of 259 HD ...
Shetty Rahul - - 2012
Objectives: Long-term durability of bioprosthetic heart valves (BPs) are limited by structural valve degeneration (SVD) leading to stenosis and/or regurgitation. In this study, we sought to determine the metabolic markers associated with SVD. Methods: In a cohort of 220 patients with an aortic BP (mean follow-up of 2.5 ± 1.2 ...
Song In-Uk - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated a decreased density of dopamine transporters (DAT) in basal ganglia in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) using I-n-fluoropropyl-2b-carbomethoxy-3b-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane (FP-CIT), and the reductions in striatal DAT levels were inversely correlated with the severity of motor dysfunction in IPD. However, there has been no study on ...
Andican Gülnur - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder after alzheimer's disease. Neuroinflammation and oxidative damage are implicated to be responsible for the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. However, there are a few studies showing the changes in the biomarkers for neuroinflammation and oxidative damage in neurodegenerative diseases. In our study ...
Anagnostis Panagiotis - - 2012
Haemophilia A and B has been associated with increased prevalence of low bone mass (67-86%). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bone disease in haemophiliacs and its association with potential risk factors. Adult patients with haemophilia A and B followed-up in the Haemophilia Centre of ...
Chatrath Hemant - - 2012
Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) often have dyslipidemia along with other features of metabolic syndrome such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The dyslipidemia in NAFLD is characterized by increased serum triglycerides, increased small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL nontype A) particles, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The ...
Walsh D A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The distribution and function of lymphatic vessels in normal and diseased human knees are understood incompletely. This study aimed to investigate whether lymphatic density is associated with clinical, histological or radiographic parameters in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Sections of synovium from 60 knees from patients with OA were compared with ...
Boyer Jean-Frédéric - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of traditional cardiovascular risk factors of untreated early arthritis (EA) patients and healthy subjects, and to look for a link between cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation in EA patients. METHODS: This Multicentre case-control study enrolled 607 EA patients (ESPOIR cohort) and 1821 age- and gender-matched ...
Yamaji Kyohei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Very late stent thrombosis (VLST) was reported to occur even in patients with bare metal stent (BMS) implantation, although the annual incidence of VLST after BMS was much lower than that after drug-eluting stent implantation. Pathophysiologic mechanisms of VLST after BMS implantation remain largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: From ...
Gümrükçüo─člu Hasan Ali - - 2012
PURPOSE: Our aim in this study was to examine the effects of low-sodium dialysate on carotid artery atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, and blood pressure (BP) in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: After baseline measurements were obtained, the dialysate sodium concentration was reduced from 140 to 137 mEq/L. Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) ...
Opalinska Marta - - 2012
Identification of vulnerable plaques remains crucial for better cardiovascular risk assessment. At least 20% of inflammatory cells within unstable (vulnerable) plaques comprise T lymphocytes, which contain receptors for interleukin-2 (IL-2); those receptors can be identified by scintigraphy with radiolabelled IL-2.The aim of this study was to identify the "inflamed" (vulnerable) ...
Liu Chenggui - - 2012
Aim: Recent researches have shown that myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a potential inflammatory risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). In the present study, the possible associations of MPO with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other risk factors in CHD patients were investigated.Methods: Five hundred thirty-six ...
Vichiansiri Ratana - - 2012
Objective. To assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia in 90 patients with spinal cord lesion (SCL) of duration greater than 2 years. The study was carried out from November 2007 to September 2008. Methods. Clinical history, physical examination, and lipid profiles were recorded and analyzed. Dyslipidemia was assessed using guidelines from ...
Clementi Anna - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and dyslipidemia plays an important role in its pathogenesis. In particular, small, dense LDL (sd-LDL) particles have been recently highlighted as an emerging cardiovascular risk factor. PD patients exhibit a more overtly ...
Kubilius Raimondas - - 2012
BACKGROUND. Each year more than 4.3 million people in Europe will die of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the implementation of simple interventions such as smoking cessation, weight loss, improved diets, and increased exercise is the top priority in prevention and rehabilitation programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Gugliucci Alejandro - - 2012
In this review we summarize the findings from the literature and our own laboratory on the decreased PON1 activity in renal failure, the mechanisms proposed and the effect of interventions. In addition to profound alterations in lipoproteins, reduced serum PON1 activity has been clearly established in the past decade and ...
Foltyn Wanda - - 2012
Introduction: Angiogenesis plays an important role in tumour growth, progression and invasiveness. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a recognised angiogenesis-stimulating factor. Soluble VEGF receptors (sVEGFRs) have antiangiogenic properties. Recent studies have indicated that serum concentrations of these factors show a good correlation with the aggressiveness of these tumours in ...
Gunduz Mehmet - - 2012
Background. Data on the relationship between homocysteine, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, hs-CRP, fibrinogen, and carotid intima media thickness (CA-IMT) is plenty but contradicting and the majority of the studies investigated this issue in only specific thyroidism groups. The aim of this paper was to investigate these relations in patients with ...
Ozaki Yuichi - - 2012
Circulating monocytes can be divided into 2 subsets typically identified by the expression of CD14 and CD16. Although previous studies have shown that circulating monocytes contribute to the progression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions, the relationship between the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the 2 distinct monocyte subsets has ...
Eskandarian Rahimeh - - 2012
To evaluate acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) resistance in patients with cardiovascular diseases and evaluate correlation with coronary risk factors. One hundred and twenty-four patients with stable coronary artery diseases (CAD) were enrolled in this cross sectional study from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan ...
Ikeda Ken - - 2012
Objective Previous studies have reported distinct serological profiles of lipid, urate and ferritin in Western patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We aimed to examine the levels of these serological factors and their relationship to disease progression in Japanese ALS patients. Methods Ninety-two patients with definite or probable ALS who ...
Mangé Alain - - 2012
Aside from a decrease in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, qualitative abnormalities of HDL can contribute to an increase in cardiovascular (CV) risk in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD). Dysfunctional HDL leads to an alteration of reverse cholesterol transport and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties ...
Zapolski Tomasz - - 2012
Study was designed to assess relationship between aortic compliance and homogeneity of heart electrical activity in dialysis patients. Study group was consisted of 120 dialyzed patients; 57 (age 50,7 ± 7,1) were on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and 73 (age 51,6 ± 7,6) were hemodialyzed (HD). Three-dimensional vectorocardiographic (VCG) ...
Laforest Laurent - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of single and mixed dyslipidemias among patients treated with statins in clinical practice in France. This is a prospective, observational, cross-sectional, pharmacoepidemiologic study with a total of 2544 consecutive patients treated with a statin for at least 6 months. Prevalence of isolated and mixed dyslipidemias of ...
Profumo Elisabetta - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is accelerated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We investigated a possible association of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDLs), nitric oxide (NO), 3-nitrotyrosine, vitamin A, vitamin E, and β-carotene serum levels with subclinical atherosclerosis in RA and PsA. By the use of ELISA, we observed higher ox-LDL levels ...
Yuan Jun - - 2012
The complement system is crucial for the development of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). In particular, C5a plays a central role. In this study, plasma and urinary levels of C5a as well as renal C5a receptors (CD88 and C5L2) expression were investigated in patients with AAV. Twenty-four patients with ...
Lau Kui-Kai - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular events. Unfortunately traditional risk assessment scores, including the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), have only modest accuracy in cardiovascular risk prediction in these patients. We sought to determine the prognostic values of different non-invasive markers of atherosclerosis, including ...
Daida Hiroyuki - - 2012
The incidence of cardiac events is higher in patients with diabetes than in people without diabetes. The Coronary Atherosclerosis Study Measuring Effects of Rosuvastatin Using Intravascular Ultrasound in Japanese Subjects (COSMOS) demonstrated significant plaque regression in Japanese patients with chronic coronary disease after 76 weeks of rosuvastatin (2.5 mg once ...
Tanaka Yuri - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to explore the effect of medications that are commonly prescribed for CKD patients on uremic state. This was a cross-sectional study. From January 2006 to October 2009, 1,623 patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) commenced hemodialysis (HD) at the 9 participating hospitals. The ...
Rahsepar Amir Ali AA Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, - - 2012
We studied the association between the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), anti-malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (oxidized LDL, ox-LDL) IgG antibody and indices of cardiac function (systolic and diastolic function) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Fifty-five patients with established CAD were selected, and serum levels of anti-ox-LDL IgG and PAB values were ...
Heervä Eetu - - 2011
A total of 20 patients with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) were screened for NF1-related osteoporosis, and blood samples were collected for isolation of peripheral blood osteoclast progenitors. Patients with NF1 had higher levels of serum bone turnover markers (CTX and PINP) compared to controls. In addition, persons with high bone resorption ...
Samouilidou Elisabeth C - - 2011
Abstract Dyslipoproteinemia and oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) contribute to the development of oxidative stress and atherosclerosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD). On the contrary, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), especially HDL3-C subtype, has protective effect against oxidative damage. There is limited evidence referring HDL-C subclass levels in patients on ...
Leal Viviane O - - 2012
Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a lipid mobilizing factor. Its anti-inflammatory action and expression pattern suggest that ZAG could act by protecting against the obesity-associated disorders. In hemodialysis (HD) patients, ZAG levels were described to be elevated but its effects on markers of inflammation and LDL oxidation are still unclear. We investigated ...
Alipour Arash - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Postprandial accumulation of atherogenic remnants has been described in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCH), familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Scarce data are available on fasting plasma apolipoprotein (apo) B48 levels in relation to these ...
Bhattacharya Pratik - - 2011
: Numerous studies have been conducted in the past decade evaluating the use of statins and other lipid therapies for reducing vascular events. These studies have impacted the area of stroke prevention. : For patients with established coronary artery disease, statins reduce the rate of stroke. High-dose statin treatment has ...
Sofi Francesco - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to recommendations for secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Physical examination, a careful medical interview with assessment for lifestyle habits, adherence to pharmacological therapy and blood analyses were performed in 130 patients at the ...
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