Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2079
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Reddy Mettu Srinivas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Immediate outcomes after pancreatic necrosectomy have improved in recent years. This study reviews our short-term to medium-term experience of structural and functional changes in the pancreas after necrosectomy. METHODS: Ten patients (8 males, median age 35 years), discharged after pancreatic necrosectomy for acute necrotizing pancreatitis between 1996 and 1998 ...
Currie Geoffrey M - - 2007
(99m)Tc-labeled red blood cell scintigraphy is a powerful detection and localization tool that may be confounded by false-positive and false-negative findings. Subtraction scintigraphy has been used in the evaluation of acute lower gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage (LGIH) to reduce the impact of interpretive confounders. The aim of this investigation was to ...
Bhadada Sanjay K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism is a rare cause of chronic pancreatitis and there is a paucity of data on this interesting association. There is also no data comparing the clinical profile of chronic pancreatitis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism with that of alcohol related and idiopathic chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: The clinical and ...
Sharma Manik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of acute pancreatitis (AP) is important. OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients with early severe pancreatitis, identify risk factors of severity, and assess their outcome. METHODS: All consecutive patients with AP were included in the study. Severity assessment was done by APACHE II score, and presence and intensity of ...
Varadarajulu Shyam - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies that correlated EUS features of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with histopathology are retrospective and only include patients with severe disease or calcific pancreatitis. Controversies regarding the significance of EUS features of noncalcific CP (NCCP) remain unresolved. OBJECTIVE: To correlate EUS criteria for NCCP with histology from surgical specimens. DESIGN: ...
Uomo G - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Up till now, only one study providing practically complete information on acute pancreatitis in Italy has been published. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, in terms of diagnostic assessment and outcome, of a large series of patients affected by acute pancreatitis ...
Chen Tai-An - - 2007
GOALS AND BACKGROUND: Dyspeptic symptoms are associated with acute pancreatitis, but some of them may be related to acute gastrointestinal mucosal lesions (AGML) and need acid-suppressive therapy. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the incidence, characteristics, and clinical significance of acute pancreatitis-associated AGML. STUDY: From January to ...
Swisher Karen K - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-hemolytic uremic syndromes (TTP-HUS) have diverse etiologies, clinical manifestations, and risk factors, but the events that may trigger acute episodes are often unclear. We describe the occurrence of TTP-HUS following pancreatitis and consider whether pancreatitis may be a triggering event for acute episodes of ...
Sadreddini Seyyed A - - 2007
To ascertain the most prevalent risk factor for stroke. We performed a descriptive and analytical prospective study on patients with stroke admitted to the neurology wards of Imam Hospital, Tabriz, Iran during 2004 and 2005. The study comprised 100 ischemic stroke (IS) patients consisting of 46 men and 54 women ...
O'Keefe Stephen J D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Despite the advances in pancreatic imaging, there continues to be a need to measure exocrine function to determine which patient requires enzyme supplementation. To evaluate the potential use of a rapid endoscopic test that can be conducted by nonacademic centers, we investigated whether concentration of trypsin in food-stimulated secretion ...
Bertolín-Bernades Rosa - - 2007
The rate of choledocholithiasis at the time of elective surgery after mild acute biliary pancreatitis is still unclear because it decreases rapidly after the onset. The aims of this study are as follows: (1) To investigate whether the incidence of choledocholithiasis in mild biliary pancreatitis is higher than in patients ...
Kaplan E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To present an analysis of patients with protracted febrile myalgia (PFM), a rarely reported manifestation of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), and propose clinical criteria for working diagnosis. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of children with PFM was performed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained by medical record review. ...
Gravante G - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We reviewed our case-load of patients with Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) and analysed this oncologic disease in order to define the prevalence of this comorbidity and find eventual clinical and prognostic differences, specific of this subgroup of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed charts from January 1995 ...
Das M L - - 2007
A recently developed nitrocellulose-based dipstick test, rK39, has been widely used for the diagnosis of kala-azar. In this study, we evaluated its use for the diagnosis of post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL). We also investigated the time taken by patients to develop PKDL after apparent cure of kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis, ...
Pezzilli R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Italian Association for the Study of the Pancreas released a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for acute pancreatitis in 1999. AIM: This study focused on the analysis of the therapeutic approach for the treatment of acute pancreatitis in Italy. PATIENTS: One thousand, one hundred and seventy-three patients were recruited: ...
Bollen T L - - 2007
Intense adrenal enhancement has previously been reported in patients with hypovolemic and septic shock. The purpose of this study was to assess whether this computed tomography (CT) finding is also observed in patients presenting with severe acute pancreatitis and early organ failure. A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database ...
Jordan J - - 2008
Cholecystokinin (CCK) decreases meal size through activation of CCK-A receptors on vagal afferents. We tested the hypothesis that the selective CCK-A agonist GI181771X induces weight loss in obese patients. Patients with body mass index > or = 30 or > or = 27 kg/m2 with concomitant risk factors were randomized ...
De Waele Jan J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate cortisol levels and adrenal dysfunction may play a role in the pathophysiology of severe acute pancreatitis. This study aimed to analyse the incidence of relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) in these patients, to identify factors associated with RAI and to describe how adrenal responsiveness affects outcome. DESIGN: Prospective observational ...
Pickartz Tilman - - 2007
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a rare systemic fibrotic inflammatory disorder that can affect organs such as the bile ducts, salivary glands, and retroperitoneal lymph nodes, in addition to the pancreas. Morphological characteristics of autoimmune pancreatitis include a diffusely enlarged 'sausage-shaped' pancreas and an irregularly narrowed duct of Wirsung. According to the ...
Ohdaira Fumi - - 2007
Information on obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in Japan has been limited. The purposes of this clinical study were to evaluate the demographic characteristics of Japanese OSAHS patients and to assess how demographic factors are associated with OSAHS severity. We analyzed 3,659 OSAHS patients who underwent polysomnographic evaluation between January ...
Janssen Jan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Initial clinical applications have shown that US elastography might be able to distinguish tissues because of their specific consistency. OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate the feasibility of EUS elastography of the pancreas and (2) to describe elastographic patterns of the normal pancreas and the pancreas affected by inflammatory or focal ...
Carroll Jennifer K - - 2007
Mild acute pancreatitis has a low mortality rate, but patients with severe acute pancreatitis are more likely to develop complications and have a much higher death rate. Although serum amylase and lipase levels remain the most widely used diagnostic assays for acute pancreatitis, other biomarkers and inflammatory mediators such as ...
Denz Christof - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess morphological alterations of the pancreas by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (cCT) and subclinical cellular damage of the pancreas by measuring pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) in critically ill patients without prior pancreatic disorder who presented with raised serum lipase levels. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study SETTING: Mixed surgical/neurosurgical intensive care unit ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As sphincter action does not functionally affect the union in pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM), two-way regurgitation occurs. We investigated the features of acute pancreatitis associated with patients displaying a long common channel. METHODS: We reviewed 3210 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograms. PBM was diagnosed in 107 patients with a long common channel ...
Nishimori Isao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because autoimmune pancreatitis is a new disease entity, there are no data with regard to its prevalence. METHODS: To estimate the number of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis in Japan, we randomly selected hospitals using stratification and asked them how many patients they had with pancreatitis in 2002 who fulfilled ...
Lin Hugo You-Hsien - - 2007
Portal venous thrombosis (PVT) is a condition associated with high morbidity. The etiologies of PVT include intra-abdominal inflammation or infection, surgical intervention, abdominal malignancies such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and pancreatic carcinoma, or abnormality in coagulation caused by various reasons such as liver cirrhosis. Management of PVT should be based ...
Borgherini Gianandrea - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is a reemerging disease. In 2005-2006, a severe outbreak occurred on Reunion Island in the southwestern part of the Indian Ocean. Other islands in this area were affected during the same period. METHODS: Adult patients with acute chikungunya (defined as onset of fever and/or polyarthralgia in the 5 ...
Ooi C Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Measurement of thiopurine metabolite levels may be useful as a clinical tool to optimize thiopurine treatment of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: The authors evaluated correlations between 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) and therapeutic response, metabolite levels and drug toxicity. METHODS: Fifty-six paediatric IBD patients treated with thiopurines had 326 ...
van der Lei Berend - - 2007
A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the specific incidence of breast enlargement following liposuction of the abdomen (alone or in combination with the flanks), and to compare its effect with a control group of patients who had undergone abdominoplasty only and, where possible, identify corresponding variables. Forty-eight of 84 ...
Domínguez-Muñoz J Enrique - - 2007
Malnutrition persists in most patients with chronic pancreatitis despite an adequate clinical response to oral pancreatic enzyme substitution therapy. Our aims were to analyze the accuracy of the 13C-mixed triglyceride breath test as a tool for evaluating the effect of enzyme therapy on fat digestion in chronic pancreatitis, and to ...
Uslu Hatice - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the localization of leukocytes in the pancreas during acute pancreatitis and to evaluate the potential use of 99mTc-HMPAO-labelled leukocytes in the diagnostic assessment of patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: The study was performed with 20 patients (11 females, nine males; ranging in age from 26 to 86 ...
Hegazi Refaat A F - - 2007
Despite the great advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis, no specific therapy has emerged, and treatment remains supportive. In patients with the severe form of the disease, in which mortality remains high at 20% to 30%, the function of the upper gastrointestinal tract is disturbed due ...
Katsinelos P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Periampullary diverticula (PAD) are extraluminal outpouchings of the duodenum arising within a radius of 2-3 cm from the ampulla of Vater. Data concerning the association of PAD with biliopancreatic disease are inconsistent, but an association between acute pancreatitis and PAD has been reported. The aim of ...
Wall Ian - - 2007
Heterotopic pancreas, or pancreatic rest, refers to extra-pancreatic tissue without an obvious vascular or anatomic connection with the pancreas. Although the frequency of heterotopic pancreatic tissue in autopsy series has been reported as high as 14%, clinical manifestations are rare [2]. Although common in the upper gastrointestinal tract, heterotopic pancreatic ...
Farkas Gyula G - - 2007
Cytokine regulation may be an important factor in the susceptibility for the development of chronic pancreatitis; transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of pancreatic fibrogenesis. The aim of our study was to analyse the relevance of TGF-beta1, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) polymorphisms ...
Hellund J C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To explore the usefulness of secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) on different pathological entities in the pancreaticobiliary tract (PBT) MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with unclear disease in the PBT were examined with S-MRCP as the final radiological procedure. Nine groups of referral diagnoses were identified, and clinical outcome ...
Nahas Fabio Xerfan - - 2007
Seroma is the most frequent complication in abdominoplasty. Some patients are more prone to develop this complication. Ultrasound is a well-known method with which to diagnose seroma in the abdominal wall. The purpose of this study was to verify the efficacy of the use of quilting suture to prevent seroma. ...
Kapetanos Dimitrios - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute pancreatitis is the most serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) but is not very common. A test that could predict the occurrence of pancreatitis would help to decide whether to discharge a patient after ERCP or not. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the ...
McClave Stephen A - - 2007
The benefit of early enteral nutrition (EN) for the disease process and for patient outcome in severe acute pancreatitis is dramatic. A narrow window of opportunity exists during which there is potential for EN to decrease disease severity and reduce overall complications. Most patients with severe pancreatitis tolerate enteral feeds. ...
Farshadpour F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To recognize specific clinicopathological characteristics of non-smoking and non-drinking (NSND) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. This can increase our knowledge regarding a potentially different carcinogenesis in these patients. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data for 195 NSND patients with HNSCC and comparison with data for patients ...
Hultman C Scott - - 2007
PURPOSE: HIV-associated lipodystrophy is a frequent consequence of highly active antiretroviral therapy and has been associated with several metabolic disorders (increased triglycerides, hypercholesterolemia, insulin resistance) as well as altered fat distribution, including lipohypertrophy (neck, trunk, breasts) and lipoatrophy (nasolabial fold, cheek, extremities). Medical treatment of fat redistribution is usually ineffective. ...
Ewald Nils N Third Medical Department and Policlinic, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Giessen Site, D-35392 Giessen, Germany. - - 2007
To investigate retrospectively the long-term effect of endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) including exocrine pancreatic function in patients with stenosis of ampulla of Vater. After diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and ES because of stenosis of the ampulla of Vater (SOD Type I), follow-up examinations were performed in 60 patients (mean follow-up ...
Papachristou Georgios I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An annular pancreas is a rare congenital anomaly that results in a band of pancreatic tissue, either partially or completely encircling the duodenum. OBJECTIVES: In patients referred for an upper-GI (UGI) EUS (1) to determine the prevalence of an annular pancreas identified by EUS versus CT and (2) to ...
Raghu Maruti Govindappa - - 2007
CONTEXT: Severe acute pancreatitis has long been known to be a cause of pulmonary dysfunction and multisystem organ failure. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the spectrum of pulmonary dysfunction in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Over a period of one year, 60 patients referred to us with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis on the ...
López Antonio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In acute pancreatitis (AP), pancreatic necrosis (PN) is an important local complication that can be identified by means of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Pancreatic leukocyte infiltration is a significant pathogenic event in the development of PN that can be detected by labeled leukocyte scintigraphy (LLS). The aim of this ...
Papachristou Georgios I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) develop a severe and potentially life-threatening course. Serum proteomic pattern analysis for disease diagnosis is a promising novel and rapidly expanding field based on the hypothesis that serum patterns of low molecular mass biomarkers can specifically reflect an underlying organ-specific pathologic ...
van Esch Aura A J - - 2007
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is characterized by the development of multiple adenomatous polyps predominantly in the colon but also in the duodenum. Scattered case reports indicate that there is a risk for pancreatitis in FAP. The most likely cause of pancreatitis in FAP is obstructing ampullary adenomas. We describe 7 ...
Göçmen Erdal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: There are a few prospective studies assessing the severity of acute pancreatitis with exclusive criteria for biliary etiology. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of prediction of the severity and mortality of acute biliary pancreatitis by using the Ranson, Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation ...
Leppäniemi A - - 2007
Significant visceral edema associated with massive fluid resuscitation, paralytic ileus and formation of pancreatic ascites in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) can lead to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) that can contribute to the early development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), especially in the early stages of the disease. ...
Kanpolat Yucel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve is generally accepted as the primary source causing TN. To date, skull base bone deformity associated with ITN has been reported in only a number of case reports. The aim of the present study was to investigate one such skull base deformity, platybasia, ...
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