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Bolten Christoph J - - 2008
Methanol quenching and fast filtration, the two most common sampling protocols in microbial metabolome analysis, were validated for intracellular amino acid analysis in phylogenetically different yeast strains comprising Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Pichia pastoris, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Zygosaccharomyces bailii. With only few exceptions for selected amino acids, all yeasts exhibited ...
Shinozaki Fumika - - 2008
The effect of Vespa amino acid mixture (VAAM) on the release of lipolytic products was examined in isolated rat adipocytes. Concentrations of 112.5 to 225 ppm of VAAM showed significantly greater release of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and glycerol than the same concentrations of casein amino acid mixture (CAAM). The ...
Carratù B - - 2008
Numerous studies were carried out about aminoacidic composition of vegetable proteins, but information about the free amino acid pool and the role of these substances is very incomplete. The aim of this paper was to contribute to the scarce knowledge concerning the composition of free amino acids in botanicals and ...
Mathew Damien C - - 2008
Understanding how codons became associated with their specific amino acids is fundamental to deriving a theory for the origin of the genetic code. Carl Woese and coworkers designed a series of experiments to test associations between amino acids and nucleobases that may have played a role in establishing the genetic ...
Vasan P - - 2008
1. The objective of the present study was to determine the apparent digestibilities of amino acids of maize, low tannin sorghum, pearl millet and finger millet in adult cockerels and Japanese quails. 2. Adult White Leghorn cockerels (25 weeks of age) and adult Japanese quails (15 weeks of age) were ...
Funakoshi Miya - - 2008
The understanding of D-amino acid metabolism in higher plants lags far behind that in mammals, for which the biological functions of these unique amino acids have already been elucidated. In this article, we report on the biochemical behavior of D-amino acids (particularly D-Asp) and relevant metabolic enzymes in Arabidopsis thaliana. ...
Chakravartula Srinivas V S - - 2008
Ricin and its corresponding polypeptides (A & B chain) were purified from castor seed. The molecular weight of ricin subunits were 29,000 and 28,000 daltons. The amino acids in ricin determined were Asp45 The22 Ser40 Glu53 Cys4 Gly96 His5 Ile21 Leu33 Lys20 Met4 Phe13 Pro37 Tyr11 Ala45 Val23 Arg20 indicating ...
Tiainen Mika - - 2008
The natural abundance 1H-coupled 13C NMR spectra of all proteogenic amino acids were measured in D2O at pH* 1. The accurate 1H,13C spin-spin coupling constants were analyzed using total-line-shape fitting. The obtained spectral parameters can be used to establish a spectral library of amino acid 13C isotopomers. The adaptive spectral ...
Penkman K E H - - 2008
When mollusc shells are analysed conventionally for amino acid geochronology, the entire population of amino acids is included, both inter- and intra-crystalline. This study investigates the utility of removing the amino acids that are most susceptible to environmental effects by isolating the fraction of amino acids encapsulated within mineral crystals ...
Wang Hao - - 2008
The ditopic fluorescent photoinduced electron transfer (PET) amino acid sensory probes and were designed and synthesized from cholic acid. To confer the probes with specific binding ability, an amidothiourea moiety and a cyclic diamino-chiral receptive site were introduced on the C17 side chain and the C7 and C12 hydroxyl pendants, ...
Zhu Xiaoli - - 2008
Study of the interaction between gold nanoparticles and a series of amino acids is reported in this paper. Amino acids with thiol, amine, or hydroxyl groups in their side chains are proven to make gold nanoparticles self-assemble under certain conditions. There is a progression of the effect on self-assembly of ...
Clemente-Jiménez Josefa M - - 2008
Optically pure D- or L-amino acids are used as intermediates in several industries. D-amino acids are involved in the synthesis of antibiotics, pesticides, sweeteners and other biologically active peptides. L-amino acids are used as feed and food additives, as intermediates for pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, pesticides and as chiral synthons in organic ...
OlsztyƄska-Janus Sylwia - - 2008
Modifications of phenylalanine amino acid after its exposure to near-infrared (NIR) radiation have been investigated using ATRFTIR (Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy). The process of amino acid aggregation after its exposure to NIR has been observed. A possible mechanism of amino acid dimer formation has been proposed with the ...
Park Hyunjung - - 2008
(S)-2-Hydroxy-2'-(3-phenyluryl-benzyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-3-carboxaldehyde (1) forms Schiff bases with a wide range of nonderivatized amino acids, including unnatural ones. Multiple hydrogen bonds, including resonance-assisted ones, fix the whole orientation of the imine and provoke structural rigidity around the imine C==N bond. Due to the structural difference and the increase in acidity of the ...
Langen Karl-Josef - - 2008
Magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) is the investigation of choice for diagnosing cerebral glioma, but its capacity to differentiate tumor tissue from non-specific tissue changes is limited. Positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) using radiolabeled amino acids add information which helps increase diagnostic accuracy. Review based ...
Di Giulio Massimo - - 2008
The coevolution theory of the origin of the genetic code suggests that the genetic code is an imprint of the biosynthetic relationships between amino acids. However, this theory does not seem to attribute a role to the biosynthetic relationships between the earliest amino acids that evolved along the pathways of ...
Kawashima Shuichi - - 2008
AAindex is a database of numerical indices representing various physicochemical and biochemical properties of amino acids and pairs of amino acids. We have added a collection of protein contact potentials to the AAindex as a new section. Accordingly AAindex consists of three sections now: AAindex1 for the amino acid index ...
Brotzel Frank - - 2007
The kinetics of the reactions of amino acids with stabilized diarylcarbenium ions (Ar(2)CH(+)) have been studied photometrically in aqueous solution at variable pH. In the range of 10.5 < pH < 12, the amino acids react much faster than the competing nucleophiles hydroxide and water. Though the pK(aH) values of ...
Lu Yi - - 2008
To date, explanations for the origin and emergence of the alphabet of amino acids encoded by the standard genetic code have been largely qualitative and speculative. Here, with the help of computational chemistry, we present the first quantitative exploration of nature's "choices" set against various models for plausible alternatives. Specifically, ...
Komatsu Yasuo - - 2008
We developed new amino linker reagents for an oligonucleotide (ONT) terminus. These reagents consist of an aminoethyl carbamate main linkage and a side-chain residue, which was a naphthylmethoxymethyl, methoxymethyl, or methyl group or a hydrogen atom. The primary amine was protected with a monomethoxytrityl (MMT) group. The chemical properties of ...
Han DaXiong - - 2007
Amino acid homochirality, as a unique behavior of life, could have originated synchronously with the genetic code. In this paper, phosphoryl amino-acid-5'-nucleosides with P-N bond are postulated to be a chiral origin model in prebiotic molecular evolution. The enthalpy change in the intramolecular interaction between the nucleotide base and the ...
Mosqueira F G - - 2008
In this work, we continue our studies on the thermal prebiotic oligomerization of amino acids. The next step is to consider all four types of electromagnetic interactions that our model may admit. In addition, only the polymerization of amino acids via the formation of diketopiperazine, which arises from the cyclodehydration ...
Nicolson Susan W - - 2007
Amino acids in nectar have received less attention than the more abundant sugars. The dilute nectars of 32 species of southern African plants that are pollinated by passerine birds were analyzed by HPLC, and the effect of pollen contamination and the variation among inflorescences and plants were also examined. Aloe ...
Perlstein Ethan O - - 2007
The "cognate bias hypothesis" states that early in evolutionary history the biosynthetic enzymes for amino acid x gradually lost residues of x, thereby reducing the threshold for deleterious effects of x scarcity. The resulting reduction in cognate amino acid composition of the enzymes comprising a particular amino acid biosynthetic pathway ...
Shepherd S J - - 2007
This paper presents a new Fiedler vector model for categorising amino acids, which is based on the Miyazawa-Jernigan matrix. The model splits the amino acid residues into two hydrophobic groups (LFI) and (MVWCY) and two polar groups (HATGP) and (RQSNEDK). In so doing, it independently confirms the findings of Wang ...
Oshimura Eiko - - 2007
The interaction and the function of some amino acids in hair care applications are discussed. When amino acids are applied to hair in the form of simple aqueous solution, uptake of the amino acids is mainly controlled by ionic equilibrium. When amino acids were incorporated in a hair conditioner, the ...
Yamaguchi Shigenori - - 2007
D- and L-amino acids were produced from L- and D-amino acid amides by D-aminopeptidase from Ochrobactrum anthropi C1-38 and L-amino acid amidase from Pseudomonas azotoformans IAM 1603, respectively, in the presence of alpha-amino-epsilon-caprolactam racemase from Achromobacter obae as the catalyst by dynamic kinetic resolution of amino acid amides.
Lu Yi - - 2007
Here, we present the AA-QSPR Db (Amino Acid Quantitative Structure Property Relationship Database): a novel, freely available web-resource of data pertaining to amino acids, both engineered and naturally occurring. In addition to presenting fundamental molecular descriptors of size, charge and hydrophobicity, it also includes online visualization tools for users to ...
Ille Rottraut - - 2007
The efficacy of a deficit oriented add-on therapy with free amino acids in depressive patients treated with the antidepressant Remeron was evaluated. About 40 in-patients were investigated by a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study during 4 weeks. Plasma levels of 20 amino acids and measures of depression, suicidal behaviour and aggression ...
Conigrave Arthur D - - 2007
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) is recognized as a member of class 3 of the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily. Members of this subgroup, which have large N-terminal extracellular domains, include receptors that respond specifically to the amino acid glutamate; receptors that respond to the glutamate analogue, gamma-amino butyric acid; and several ...
Leseigneur C D C - - 2007
Amino acids are the most abundant class of compounds in nectar after sugars. Like its sugar concentration, the amino acid concentration of nectar has been linked to pollinator type, and it has been suggested that amino acid concentrations are high in the floral nectars of plant species pollinated by passerine ...
Zhang Hong-Yu - - 2007
One of the most intriguing aspects of life is that despite the diversified apparent shapes, similar building blocks and infrastructures, such as standard amino acids and canonical genetic codes, are shared by most life on Earth. Thus, it is challenging to explore: why nature just selects these building blocks and ...
Mei Yanzhen - - 2009
Hydantoinase and carbamoylase are key biocatalysts for the production of optically pure amino acids from dl-5-substituted hydantoins (SSH). Out of 364 isolated strains with hydantoinase and carbamoylase at 45 degrees C, 24 strains showed efficient hydantoinase and carbamoylase activities. Among them, 17 produced l-amino acids, and 7 produced d-amino acids ...
Matsuoka Tsuneyoshi - - 2007
An additive that is highly effective in small amounts for controlling protein inactivation and aggregation has long been demanded. In this paper we show amidated amino acids as new potent additives. In the presence of 100 mM amidated amino acids, e.g., Ala, Arg, Asn, Met, and Val, the heat-induced inactivation ...
Na Chongzheng - - 2007
The relative reactivity of chlorine with amino acids is an important determinant of the resulting chlorination products in systems where chlorine is the limiting reagent, for example, in the human gastrointestinal tract after consumption of chlorine-containing water, or during food preparation with chlorinated water. Since few direct determinations of the ...
Pratelli Réjane - - 2007
Amino acid metabolism lies at the crossroad between nitrogen assimilation, carbon fixation and secondary metabolism. Because of this central position in plant metabolism, amino acid metabolism is tightly regulated by numerous factors to match both demand from the organs and availability of reduced carbon and inorganic nitrogen. While the amino ...
Coates Ian A - - 2007
This paper reports the use of a range of amino acids to construct diverse gelators, employing structures in which Boc-protected amino acids are attached to either end of an aliphatic diamine spacer chain. The choice of amino acid determines whether nanoscale self-assembly takes place and controls the properties of the ...
Schmitt M - - 2007
Polymer colloids are prepared via radicalic emulsion polymerisation of butylacrylate. Functionalization with amino groups is achieved by copolymerisation of 2-amino-ethylmethacrylates. In order to over-compensate the positive surface charges resulting from the amino groups additionally vinylbenzenesulfonic acid is copolymerized. The size of the resulting particles is controlled by the molar ratio ...
Hiasa Kyou - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate the chemical interaction between titanium implant surface and amino acids. Pure titanium disks were pretreated with 10 N HCl and ultrapure water at room temperature for 30 minutes each. Disks were then modified with one of the three amino acids--L-aspartic acid, L-serine, ...
Beck Jan - - 2007
Adult diet is a major factor contributing to life history variation in the Lepidoptera. Amino acids derived from adult feeding, in particular, are suspected to be a major contribution to fitness, but this could be proven in only few species so far. Effects of amino acids in the diet of ...
Hunter Ken C - - 2007
The effects of hydrogen-bonding interactions with amino acids on the (N1) acidity of uracil are evaluated using (B3LYP) density functional theory. Many different binding arrangements of each amino acid to three uracil binding sites are considered. The effects on the uracil acidity are found to significantly depend upon the nature ...
Bughin Carine - - 2007
Cyclodepsipeptides incorporating a sugar amino acid (alcohol) have been synthesized. A three-component reaction of a sugar amino acid (SAA) derivative, an aldehyde, and a dipeptide isonitrile in refluxing methanol afforded the corresponding 5-aminooxazole which, after saponification, underwent a trifluoroacetic acid promoted macrocyclization to furnish the cyclic sugar amino acids.
Andoh Tadashi - - 2007
The insulinotropic effects of eighteen L-amino acids, two D-amino acids, and glucose were investigated to evaluate the priority of those as stimulators of insulin secretion in barfin flounder (Verasper moseri). This is also the first step in characterizing the insulinotropin-sensing molecule. After intramuscular injection of amino acids or glucose at ...
Cometto Pablo M - - 2006
With the objective of evaluating the utility of the amino acid profile in the characterization of honey samples, 39 honey samples of two different harvests from a particular production zone in Córdoba, Argentina, were analyzed. Multivariate statistical techniques, such as principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA), and multiple correspondence ...
Goodman Geoffrey - - 2006
The origin of life is an extraordinary problem that leads back to the structure and dynamics of the cosmos and early development of organic molecules. Within that wider question lies an unsolved problem that has troubled biologists for 150 years. What is the origin of the dominant presence of left-handed ...
Gogichaeva Natalia V - - 2007
This is the first report of an application of collisionally induced fragmentation of amino acids (AA) and their derivatives by MALDI TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry (MS). In this work, we collected the data on high-energy fragmentation reactions of a large group of protonated amino acids and their derivatives with the ...
Latowski Dariusz - - 2007
The effect of three sugars and their amino derivatives on violaxanthin cycle enzymes activity was investigated in duckweed (Lemna trisulca), a model water-plant. No effect of sugars and amino sugars on violaxanthin de-epoxidase was observed independent of incubation time; however, epoxidation of zeaxanthin to violaxanthin was inhibited. The minimum amino ...
Acharya Asha - - 2006
We present the thermal stability monitored by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy at 222 nm of 100 heterodimers that contain all possible coiled-coil a-a' pairs for 10 amino acids (I, V, L, N, A, K S, T, E, and R). This includes the stability of 36 heterodimers for 6 amino acids ...
Kugler Florian - - 2006
Amino acids and amines are the precursors of betalains. Therefore, the profiles of free amino compounds in juices obtained from cactus pears [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. cv. Bianca, cv. Gialla, and cv. Rossa], pitaya fruits [Selenicereus megalanthus (K. Schumann ex Vaupel) Moran, Hylocereus polyrhizus (Weber) Britton & Rose, and Hylocereus ...
Heizer Esley M EM - - 2006
For most prokaryotic organisms, amino acid biosynthesis represents a significant portion of their overall energy budget. The difference in the cost of synthesis between amino acids can be striking, differing by as much as 7-fold. Two prokaryotic organisms, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, have been shown to preferentially utilize less ...
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