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Zhang Shuo - - 2014
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a polymeric nanostructured fibrillar network produced by certain microorganisms, principally Gluconacetobacter xylinus. BC has a great potential of application in many fields. Lignocellulosic biomass has been investigated as a cost-effective feedstock for BC production through pretreatment and hydrolysis. It is well known that detoxification of lignocellulosic ...
Yang Huaiyu H Institute of Crop Science; Nutritional Crop Physiology; University of Hohenheim; Stuttgart, - - 2014
Lysine is an essential amino acid for human nutrition, which is generally low in cereal diets. Its biosynthesis via the aspartate-pathway and catabolism is controlled by complex feedback mechanisms. Recently, aspartate-derived amino acids were found to be elevated during pathogen infection in Arabidopsis and a lysine catabolite, pipecolic acid, was ...
Chen Xianwen X College of Pharmacy, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, Fujian 350122, P.R. - - 2014
Gua Lou Gui Zhi decotion (GLGZD) has been reported to be an effective treatment for post‑apoplectic limb spasm in the clinic. The present study aimed to investigate whether GLGZD had an affect on cerebral injuries induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats and its possible mechanism. High‑performance liquid ...
Li Ning N Department of Physics, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454-9110, USA. - - 2014
We study the dynamical behavior of one-dimensional arrays of ∼100 μm diameter aqueous droplets containing the oscillatory Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction, separated by narrow gaps of a fluorinated oil. In this closed system, the malonic acid concentration decreases as the reaction proceeds. Starting with a low initial malonic acid concentration, we ...
Rebelo Manuel J MJ REQUIMTE/Laboratório de Farmacognosia, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n.° 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal; CQ-VR, Centre of Chemistry - Vila Real, Department of Chemistry, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, - - 2014
The phenolic profile of two samples of commercial Douro red wines, a table red wine (RM) and a Port wine (PR), was analysed by HPLC-DAD after purification by solid phase extraction (SPE). Eighteen phenolic compounds belonging to benzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids and anthocyanins were determined. The presence of tannins in ...
Yuan Gao-Feng GF College of Food and Medicine, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, - - 2014
Conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecatrienoic acid (α-linolenic acid, cis9,cis12,cis15-18:3 n-3) found in plant seeds. Three 8,10,12-18:3 isomers and four 9,11,13-18:3 isomers have been reported to occur naturally. CLNA isomers such as punicic acid, α-eleostearic acid and jacaric acid have been attributed ...
López Soto Eduardo Javier EJ Laboratory of Electrophysiology; Multidisciplinary Institute of Cell Biology (IMBICE-CICPBA/CONICET); Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Nervous system (NS) activity participates in metabolic homeostasis by detecting peripheral signal molecules derived from food intake and energy balance. High quality diets are thought to include fiber-rich foods like whole grain rice, breads, cereals, and grains. Several studies have associated high consumption of fiber-enriched diets with a reduced risk ...
Arzt Matthias M Department of Organic Chemistry III, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, 89081 Ulm (Germany), Fax: - - 2014
The interaction of boronic acids with various bifunctional reagents offers great potential for the preparation of responsive supramolecular architectures. Boronic acids react with 1,2-diols yielding cyclic boronate esters that are stable at pH>7.4 but can be hydrolyzed at pH<5.0. The phenylboronic acid (PBA)-salicylhydroxamic acid (SHA) system offers ultra-fast reaction kinetics ...
Holowka David D Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Baker Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, 14853. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been found to be effective inhibitors of cell signaling in numerous contexts, and we find that acute addition of micromolar PUFAs such as linoleic acid are effective inhibitors of Ca(2+)responses in mast cells stimulated by antigen-mediated crosslinking of FcεRI or by the SERCA pump inhibitor, ...
Kuglarz Mariusz M Faculty of Materials and Environmental Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, - - 2014
In the present study, combined steam (140-180°C) and dilute-acid pre-hydrolysis (0.0-2.0%) were applied to industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.), as pretreatment for lignocellulosic bioethanol production. The influence of the pretreatment conditions and cultivation type on the hydrolysis and ethanol yields was also evaluated. Pretreatment with 1% sulfuric acid at 180°C ...
Lee Kuan-Wei KW Department of Life Science and Institute of Biotechnology, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, - - 2014
Autophagy, a lysosomal pathway to maintain cellular homeostasis, is mediated via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent pathways. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), previously termed fat- or vitamin A-storing cells, can transdifferentiate into myofibroblast-like cells and are the most relevant cell type for overproduction of extracellular matrix (ECM) and development of ...
Slavov Nikolai N Departments of Physics and Biology and Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Department of Statistics and FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA; Hubrecht Institute, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and University Medical Center Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fermentating glucose in the presence of enough oxygen to support respiration, known as aerobic glycolysis, is believed to maximize growth rate. We observed increasing aerobic glycolysis during exponential growth, suggesting additional physiological roles for aerobic glycolysis. We investigated such roles in yeast batch cultures by quantifying O2 consumption, CO2 production, amino acids, ...
Tsai Yi-Ting YT Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
The Na(+)-H(+) exchanger (NHE) and the Na(+)-HCO3(-) co-transporter (NBC) have been confirmed as two major active acid extruders in many mammalian cells. Whether the NHE and NBC functional co-exist in human internal mammary artery smooth muscle cells (HIMASMCs) remains unclear. The aims of the present study were to investigate the ...
Jiang Ye Y College of Pipeline and Civil Engineering, China University of Petroleum, 66 Changjiang West Road, Qingdao 266580, China; State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, - - 2014
The effects of PbCl2 on the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 over vanadia-based catalysts were studied with BET, XRD, SEM, XPS, NH3-TPD, NH3 chemisorption, FT-IR and catalytic activity measurements. The results showed that PbCl2 deactivated the catalysts to a very high extent. The doping of PbCl2 could decrease ...
Liu Songbai S Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Fuli Institute of Food Science, Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang R & D Center for Food Technology and Equipment, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anthocyanins are intriguing natural pigments with beneficial bioactivities and their colour is extremely susceptible to acidity variation. Minimisation of colour fluctuation is essential to maintain quality consistency in food industry. A new strategy employing surfactants to mimic encapsulation was attempted with typical anionic, cationic and nonionic surfactants and proved effective ...
Brailoiu G Cristina GC Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson School of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, - - 2014
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC) are widely expressed in several brain regions including medulla; their role in physiology and pathophysiology is incompletely understood. We examined the effect of acidic pH of 6.2 on the medullary neurons involved in parasympathetic cardiac control. Our results indicate that retrogradely labeled cardiac vagal neurons of ...
Xia Jun J State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Food Science and Light Industry, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, - - 2014
Streptomyces albulus PD-1 can co-produce antimicrobial homo-polymers poly(ε-lysine) (ε-PL) and poly(L-diaminopropionic acid) (PDAP). In this study, a novel feeding strategy of citric acid coupled with glucose-(NH4)2SO4 feeding was employed to S. albulus PD-1. When the pH of the culture broth dropped to 4.0, the feeding solution was added continuously to ...
Bermudez Beatriz B Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, Instituto de la Grasa, CSIC, Avda. Padre Garcia Tejero 4, 41012 Seville, Spain. - - 2014
Dietary fatty acids play a role in glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to assess the individual relationship between dietary saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids with postprandial β-cell function and insulin sensitivity in subjects with normal and high fasting triglycerides. We assessed postprandial β-cell ...
Kämpf Michael M MM Laboratory for Biomaterials, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH-9014St. Gallen, - - 2014
One of the most promising polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) for medical applications is poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) (P4HB) due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility and mechanical properties. Currently, the major hurdle for expanding P4HB applications is the production and recovery cost. In this study, we investigated the stimulating factors for P4HB biosynthesis with the ultimate goal ...
Li Xiaowei X Key Laboratory of Combinatorial Biosynthesis and Drug Discovery, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wuhan, 430071, - - 2014
The long hydrocarbon fatty acyl chain is energy rich, making it an ideal precursor for liquid transportation fuels and high-value oleo chemicals. As Saccharomyces cerevisiae has many advantages for industrial production compared to Escherichia coli. Here, we attempted to engineer Saccharomyces cerevisiae for overproduction of fatty acids. First, disruption of ...
Cheon Yuna Y Department of Genetic Engineering, College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, - - 2014
Hexanoic acid can be used for diverse industrial applications and is a precursor for fine chemistry. Although some natural microorganisms have been screened and evolved to produce hexanoic acid, the construction of an engineered biosynthetic pathway for producing hexanoic acid in yeast has not been reported. Here we constructed hexanoic ...
Feng Chi - - 2014
Nikkomycins are competitive inhibitors of chitin synthase and inhibit the growth of filamentous fungi, insects, acarids and yeasts. The gene cluster responsible for biosynthesis of nikkomycins has been cloned and the biosynthetic pathway was elucidated at the genetic, enzymatic and regulatory levels. Streptomyces ansochromogenes DeltasanL was constructed by homologous recombination ...
Zheng Lan L College of Life Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of - - 2014
Cordyceps sinensis, a traditionally edible and medicinal fungus in China, cannot be artificially solid-cultured. Zinc (Zn), germanium (Ge), and selenium (Se) are the essential trace elements for human body. In this work, C. sinensis SU-01 was cultivated in liquid medium simultaneously containing Zn, Ge, and Se. The bioactive ingredients and ...
Xu Zhiyang Z School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, - - 2014
Anaerobic digestion is considered to be an efficient way of disposing kitchen wastes, which can not only reduce waste amounts, but also produce biogas. However, the excessive accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFA) caused by high organic loads will inhibit anaerobic digestion intensively. Effects of the VFA composition on biogas ...
Yang Bo B State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214122, P. R China; Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214122, P. R - - 2014
To assess strains of lactobacilli for their capacity to produce functional fatty acid conjugated linoleic acid. To assess the linoleate isomerase for CLA production in the most efficient CLA producer. In the present study, strains of food-derived lactobacilli were cultured in media with linoleic acid and CLA production were assessed. ...
Chaikasem Supawat S Environmental Engineering and Management Program, School of Environment Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, - - 2014
This work studied the effect of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel (PVA-gel) beads, as an effective biocarrier for volatile fatty acid (VFA) production in hydrolytic reactor of a two-stage thermophilic anaerobic membrane bioreactor (TAnMBR). The two-stage TAnMBR, treating synthetic high strength particulate wastewater with influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) [16.4±0.8g/L], was operated ...
Woodworth-Hobbs Myra E ME Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Medicine, Renal Division, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Saturated fatty acids like palmitate contribute to muscle atrophy in a number of conditions (e.g., type II diabetes) by altering insulin signaling. Akt is a key modulator of protein balance that inhibits the FoxO transcription factors (e.g., FoxO3) which selectively induce the expression of atrophy-inducing genes (atrogenes) in the ubiquitin-proteasome ...
Caligiuri Stephanie P B SP Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine (CCARM), 351 Taché Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, , R2H 2A6Canada; the Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre 351 Taché Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, , R2H 2A6Canada; Department of Physiology 745 Bannatyne Avenue Winnipeg, MB R3E 0J9 - - 2014
Oxylipins, including the eicosanoids, are highly bioactive molecules endogenously produced from polyunsaturated fatty acids. Oxylipins play a key role in chronic disease progression. It is possible, but unknown, if oxylipin concentrations change with the consumption of functional foods or differ with subject age. Therefore, in a parallel comparator trial, 20 ...
Suardíaz Reynier R Departament de Química, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona (Spain); Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina (IBB), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona - - 2014
We combined quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations with molecular dynamics simulations to study the addition of O2 to the pentadienyl radical of arachidonic acid (AA) catalyzed by the Leu597Val and Leu597Ala mutants of rabbit 15-lipoxygenase (15-rLO). In the Leu597Val mutant, the addition of O2 to C15 of AA is the predominant ...
Li Jingjing J Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Advanced Catalysis Materials, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, 321004, P. R. China. - - 2014
This work presents a rapid nanotube fabrication method for a series of silver compounds AgnX, such as Ag2S, AgCl, Ag3PO4, and Ag2C2O4, from pregrown Ag2CO3 nanorod templates. The anion exchange process involved takes place in non-aqueous solutions just at room temperature and completes within 10 minutes. An acid-etching anion exchange ...
Zhang Jin-Dan - - 2014
Aflatoxins (AFs) are potent carcinogenic compounds produced by several Aspergillus species, which pose serious threats to human health. As sugar is a preferred carbohydrate source for AF production, we examined the possibility of using sugar analogs to inhibit AF biosynthesis. We showed that although D-glucal cannot be utilized by A. ...
Hua Wen Jin WJ Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China, - - 2014
Chinese herbal medicines such as hawthorn, salvia, etc., are frequently combined with statins so as to treat cardiovascular diseases more effectively. Chinese herbal medicines contain many kinds of active components, which may have drug-drug interactions with statins. This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism by which ursolic acid ...
Gebauer S K SK USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Beltsville, MD, - - 2014
The effects of stearic acid (STA) on cardiovascular disease risk beyond lipid and lipoprotein risk factors, including hemostasis, are unclear, particularly when compared with unsaturated fatty acids. The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of STA with those of oleic acid (OL) on markers of hemostasis. ...
Lee Na-Ri NR College of Natural Resources and Life Science, Life and Industry Convergence Institute, Pusan National University, Miryang, 627-706, Republic of - - 2014
The objectives of this study was to improve poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) production by Bacillus subtilis D7 isolated from a Korean traditional fermented food and to assess its antioxidant activity for applications in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. Strain D7 produced γ-PGA in the absence of L-glutamic acid, indicating L-glutamic acid-independent ...
Xu Lisheng L Department of Chemistry and Life Science, Suzhou University, Suzhou, 234000, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
A new method for the synthesis of γ-glutamylmethylamide is presented. Glutamic acid γ-methyl ester was used as substrate for γ-glutamylmethylamide synthesis catalyzed by Escherichia coli with γ-glutamyltranspeptidase activity. Reaction conditions were optimized by using 300 mM glutamic acid γ-methyl ester and 3,000 mM methylamine at pH 10 and 40 °C. Bioconversion rate of ...
Shea Beverley B From the Bruyère Research Institute (BRI); Centre for Global Health, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Epidemiological Research Center, National Academy of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rheumatology Division, Department of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group, Ottawa; Institute for Work and Health, Toronto; Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, and the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program; Institute of Population Health and Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
To perform a systematic review of the benefits and harms of folic acid and folinic acid in reducing the mucosal, gastrointestinal, hepatic, and hematologic side effects of methotrexate (MTX); and to assess whether folic or folinic acid supplementation has any effect on MTX benefit. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, ...
Adams Mark K MK University of Alabama - Birmingham, United - - 2014
The retinoic acid inducible Dehydrogenase Reductase 3 (DHRS3) is thought to function as a retinaldehyde reductase that controls the levels of all trans retinaldehyde, the immediate precursor for bioactive all trans retinoic acid. However, the weak catalytic activity of DHRS3 and the lack of changes in retinaldehyde conversion to retinol ...
Guo Wei W Tianjin Key Laboratory for Industrial BioSystem and Bioprocessing Engineering, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 32 Xiqidao, Airport Economic Park, Tianjin, 300308, - - 2014
Lactobacillus brevis is a promising lactic acid producing strain that simultaneously utilizes glucose and xylose from lignocellulosic hydrolysate without carbon catabolic repression and inhibition. The production of by-products acetic acid and ethanol has been the major drawback of this strain. Two genes, pfkA (fructose-6-phosphate kinase [PFK]) and fbaA (fructose-1,6-biphosphate aldolase ...
Tanabe Hiroki H Laboratory of Medicinal Resources, School of Pharmacy, Aichi Gakuin University, 1-100 Kusumoto-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8650, - - 2014
Recent accumulating evidence indicates that all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) may be useful for preventing or treating inflammation, allergy, and autoimmune diseases, despite its severe side effects. In this study, screening of 99 crude drugs for retinoic acid receptor (RAR) ligands by luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that the methanol extract of ...
Qiu Zhen-Zhe ZZ Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650050, People's Republic of - - 2014
In the title solvate, C22H18O6·2C3H7NO, the complete dicarboxylic acid molecule is generated by a crystallographic twofold axis, which bisects the central benzene ring and one N,N-di-methyl-formamide solvent mol-ecule. The dihedral angle between the central and pendant benzene rings is 54.53 (5)° while that between the pendant rings is 45.44 (5)°. In the ...
Li Feng F Department of Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Organic Pollution Process Control, Hangzhou 310058, China; Zhejiang Yuying College, Hangzhou 310018, - - 2014
The effects of the surfactants, Tween 80 and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) on a membrane's fatty acid composition and the transmembrane transport of phenanthrene were investigated. The results indicated that both surfactants could modify the composition of fatty acids of Citrobacter sp. Strain SA01 cells, 50mgL(-1) of both surfactants ...
Chang Lan L Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Medical School, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211, China, - - 2014
Soluble amyloid-β protein (Aβ) oligomers have been recognized to be early and key intermediates in Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic dysfunction. In this study, using in vitro electrophysiology, we investigated interactions of the acidic oligosaccharide sugar chain (AOSC), a marine-derived acidic oligosaccharide, with oligomeric Aβ. We found that the inhibition of long-term ...
Brunke Sascha S Department of Microbial Pathogenicity Mechanisms, Hans Knoell Institute, Jena, - - 2014
The ability to acquire nutrients during infections is an important attribute in microbial pathogenesis. Amino acids are a valuable source of nitrogen if they can be degraded by the infecting organism. In this work, we analyzed histidine utilization in the fungal pathogen of humans, Candida glabrata. Hemiascomycete fungi, like C. ...
Reed Harris Allison Early - - 2014
Pyruvic acid in the atmosphere is found in both the gas and aqueous phase and its behavior gives insight into other alpha-keto acids. Photolysis is a significant degradation pathway for this molecule in the environment, and in aqueous solution the major photoproducts are higher molecular weight compounds which may contribute ...
McMaster Claire - - 2014
Simple solid-phase synthesis of 4,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydro-46-thia-1,3a,9-triaza-cyclopenta[b]naphthalen-2-ones is described, with Fmoc--amino acids and 2-nitrobenzenesulfonylchlorides (2-NosCls) being the key building blocks. Fmoc--amino acids were immobilized on Wang resin and transformed to the corresponding 2-nitrobenzenesulfonamides in two steps. After reduction of the nitro group, Fmoc-thioureas were synthesized followed by cyclization of the 1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-1,1-dioxide scaffold ...
Wang Bo B Department of Internal Medicine, South Branch of Yantaishan Hospital, Yantai 264025, Shandong Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cilostazol is a drug licensed for the treatment of intermittent claudication. Its main action is to elevate intracellular levels of cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) by inhibiting the activity of type III phosphodiesterase, a cAMP-degrading enzyme. The effects of cilostazol on fatty acid oxidation (FAO) are as yet unknown. In this study, ...
Numnuam Apon A Trace Analysis and Biosensor Research Center, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90112, Thailand, - - 2014
A novel amperometric uric acid biosensor was fabricated by immobilizing uricase on an electrospun nanocomposite of chitosan-carbon nanotubes nanofiber (Chi-CNTsNF) covering an electrodeposited layer of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on a gold electrode (uricase/Chi-CNTsNF/AgNPs/Au). The uric acid response was determined at an optimum applied potential of -0.35 V vs Ag/AgCl in a ...
de Castro Antonio A a Food Biotechnology Department , Instituto de la Grasa (C.S.I.C.) , Seville , - - 2014
The effects of different packing conditions and storage times on the stability of monosodium glutamate (MSG) added to two different fermented vegetables (Spanish-type green table olives and pickled cucumbers) were studied. Factors such as packaging material (glass bottle vs. plastic pouch), heat treatment (pasteurization vs. non-pasteurization), and the presence or ...
Chen Mingxun M Dr Zhejiang - - 2014
ABSTRACT Fatty acids (FAs) and FA-derived complex lipids have important functions in plant growth and vegetative development. They are a class of prominent metabolites stored in mature seeds. The factors and regulatory networks that control FA accumulation in plant seeds remain largely unknown. The function of TRANSPARENT TESTA 8 (TT8) ...
Deng Haiqiang H Laboratoire d'Electrochimie Physique et Analytique, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Station 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2014
Lithium cations are shown to have a significant role in catalyzing oxygen and proton reduction along with SN1 reactions in biphasic systems. We propose that this catalytic effect is due to the surprising acidity of the hydrated cations; interactions between the cation and its surrounding solvation shell will make the ...
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