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Zhu Fengxian - - 2014
Rosmarinic acid extract with potent biological activities was successfully isolated by supramolecular technique and solvent extraction from Perilla leaves. By the supramolecular complex which was formed from flavocommelin and Perilla leaf extract as initial materials, the supernatant containing rosmarinic acid was isolated. Rosmarinic acid extract (62.9 ± 4.5% purity) was ...
Ajmera Ankur A Kiel University, Department of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Grasweg 9a, D-24118 Kiel, - - 2014
Biologicals are often formulated as solids in an effort to preserve stability which generally requires stabilising excipients for proper drying. The purpose of this study was to screen amino acids and their combinations for their stabilising effect on proteins during spray drying. Catalase, as model protein, was spray dried in ...
Wen Cun C Center of Economic Excellence for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity and Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2014
In this study, we demonstrate the production of long-chain hydrocarbons (C8+) from 2-methylfuran (2MF) and butanal in a single step reactive process by utilizing a bi-functional catalyst with both acid and metallic sites. Our approach utilizes a solid acid for the hydroalkylation function and as a support as well as ...
Takai Eisuke E Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8573, - - 2014
In this paper, we discuss the effects of amino acids on amyloid aggregation of lysozyme. L-cysteine (Cys) dramatically inhibited fibrillation of lysozyme, whereas other amino acids (including L-arginine) did not. In the presence of Cys, the aggregation pathway of lysozyme shifted from fibrillation to the formation of the small worm-like ...
Gonzalo-Diago Ana A Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y el Vino (UR-CSIC-GR), Madre de Dios 51, E-26006 Logroño, La Rioja, Spain; Department of Chemistry, University of La Rioja, Madre de Dios 51, E-26006 Logroño, La Rioja, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between low molecular weight compounds present in wines and their sensory contribution. Six young red wines were fractionated by gel permeation chromatography and subsequently each fraction obtained was separated from sugars and acids by solid phase extraction. Wines and both ...
Zhu Xiang-Dong XD Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, - - 2014
Arsanilic acid (4-amino phenyl arsenic acid, ASA) is widely used in poultry production as feed additives, while most of ASA in the feed is excreted in the animal manure and released into the environment. However, the environmental behaviors of ASA were not well understood. In the present study, the photolysis ...
Sun Xian X Microbiology and Metabolic Engineering Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, - - 2014
Triacylglyceride (TAG) and carbohydrate are potential feedstock for biofuels production. In this study, a two-stage process was applied for enhancing TAG/carbohydrate production in the selected microalgae - Neochloris oleoabundans HK-129. In stage I, effects of nitrogen, light intensity and iron on cell growth were investigated, and the highest biomass productivity ...
Sharma Rakesh Kumar RK Microbial Technology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India, - - 2014
Solid-state bioprocessing of agricultural residues seems to be an emerging and effective method for the production of high quality animal feed. Seven strains of white-rot fungi were selected to degrade wheat and paddy straw (PS) under solid-state conditions. Degradation of different components, i.e., hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin was evaluated along ...
Li Jing J CAS Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, - - 2014
Betulinic acid is a plant-based triterpenoid that has been recognized for its antitumor and anti-HIV activities. The level of betulinic acid in its natural hosts is extremely low. In the present study, we constructed betulinic acid biosynthetic pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by metabolic engineering. Given the betulinic acid forming pathways ...
Calvo-Garrido C C Food Technology Department, Lleida University, XaRTA-Postharvest, Agrotecnio Center, Rovira Roure 191, 25198, Lleida, Catalonia, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy and mode of action of the fatty acid-based product Foodcoat(®) (FC) against B. cinerea. In vitro, in vivo and field experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of different concentrations of FC on B. cinerea germination and infection of grape leaves and berries, using three ...
Model Camila S CS Laboratório de Bioenergética, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC, - - 2014
Studies have consistently reported the participation of oxidative stress in bipolar disorder (BD). Evidences indicate that omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids play several important roles in brain development and functioning. Moreover, preclinical and clinical evidence suggests roles for ω3 fatty acids in BD. Considering these evidences, the present study aimed to ...
Nie Xiaohua X College of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of an amine-negative mixed starter culture (Lactobacillus plantarum ZY40 plus Saccharomyces cerevisiae JM19) on biogenic amine accumulation in fermented silver carp sausage was studied. Microbial counts, pH, titratable acid and free amino acids were also determined. Putrescine, cadaverine and tyramine were the main amines formed during sausage fermentation. ...
Wang Fei F Department of Food Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, - - 2014
The medicinal plants of Huang-qi (Radix Astragali) and Sheng-ma (Cimicifuga foetida) demonstrate significantly better antioxidant effects when used in combination than when used alone. However, the bioactive components and interactional mechanism underlying this synergistic action are still not well understood. In the present study, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay was ...
Banerjee Dithi D Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Witebsky Center for Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, United States of - - 2014
The polyene antifungal agent Amphotericin B exhibits potent and broad spectrum fungicidal activity. However, high nephrotoxicity can hinder its administration in resource poor settings. Quantification of early fungicidal activity in studies of HIV patients with cryptococcosis demonstrate that 5-Fluorocytosine therapy in combination with Amphotericin B results in faster clearance than ...
Djuricic Ivana D ID Department of Bromatology, School of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several dietary recommendations have been made for marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake; however, the effectiveness of these fatty acids has not been thoroughly examined. The aim of this study was to investigate whether public-aimed dietary recommendations for long-chain n-3 PUFA from oily fish or fish oil supplements are ...
Gökdere Müge - - 2014
Gibberelic acid fermentation using extractive methods was carried out in the presence of corn oil and Alamine 336. Gibberella fujikuroi fungus (NRRL 2278) was used to produce gibberellic acid. Oleyl alcohol was a diluting agent for Alamine 336. The effects of oleyl alcohol (100%, v/v), corn oil (5-25%, v/v), the ...
Li Mengxia M State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China. - - 2014
For the first time, Mo modified Rh/SiO2 was found to be an effective catalyst for the aqueous phase selective hydrogenation of levulinic acid to 1,4-pentanediol. Over such a catalyst, high levulinic acid conversion (100%) and 1,4-pentanediol yield (70%) can be achieved at low temperature (353 K).
Martinez Salette - - 2014
Nitrile hydratase (NHase) catalyzes the hydration of nitriles to their corresponding commercially valuable amides at ambient temperatures and physiological pH. Several reaction mechanisms have been proposed for NHase enzymes however, the source of the nucleophile remains a mystery. Boronic acids have been shown to be potent inhibitors of numerous hydrolytic ...
Zielinski Zosia - - 2014
The redox chemistry of selenenic acids has been explored for the first time using a persistent selenenic acid, 9-triptyceneselenenic acid (RSeOH), and the results compared with those we recently obtained with its lighter chalcogen analog, 9-triptycenesulfenic acid (RSOH). Specifically, the selenenyl radical was characterized by EPR spectroscopy and equilibrated with ...
Nichols Peter D - - 2014
Considerable interest exists presently in comparing the performance of krill oil (KO) and fish oil (FO) supplements. Ramprasath et al. (Lipids Health Dis 12:178, 2013) have recently compared use of KO and FO in a trial with healthy individuals to examine which oil is more effective in increasing n-3 PUFA, ...
Pérez Arizbeth A - - 2014
This research investigated the ozonation of Basic Green 4 (BG4) under the presence of acetic acid (AA). This acid is used as a textile additive for many industrial dyes derived from triphenylmethane. Determining the effect of this additive on discoloration, degradation dynamics, and final by-product distribution is the main objective ...
Vannice Gretchen - - 2014
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy) that dietary fat for the healthy adult population should provide 20% to 35% of energy, with an increased consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and limited intake of saturated and trans fats. The Academy recommends a food-based ...
Tan Jian J Department of Immunology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, - - 2014
There is now an abundance of evidence to show that short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play an important role in the maintenance of health and the development of disease. SCFAs are a subset of fatty acids that are produced by the gut microbiota during the fermentation of partially and nondigestible polysaccharides. ...
Furukawa Yoko Y Naval Research Laboratory, Seafloor Sciences Branch, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi 39529, USA. - - 2014
Riverine particles undergo a rapid transformation when they reach estuaries. The rapid succession of hydrodynamic and biogeochemical regimes forces the particles to flocculate, settle and enter the sediment pool. The rates and magnitudes of flocculation depend on the nature of the particles which are primarily affected by the types and ...
Kong Jian-Qiang JQ State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines & Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Biosynthesis of Natural Products, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China. - - 2014
OSW-1, isolated from the bulbs of Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker, is a steroidal saponin endowed with considerable antitumor properties. Biosynthesis of the 4-methoxybenzoyl group on the disaccharide moiety of OSW-1 is known to take place biochemically via the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway, but molecular biological characterization of the related genes has been ...
Kaul Tiffany K TK Department of Metabolism & Aging, The Scripps Research Institute - Scripps Florida, Jupiter, Florida, United States of - - 2014
The dauer larva is a specialized dispersal stage in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans that allows the animal to survive starvation for an extended period of time. The dauer does not feed, but uses chemosensation to identify new food sources and to determine whether to resume reproductive growth. Bacteria produce food ...
Sansone Alfredo A Institute of Neurophysiology and Cellular Biophysics, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
The semi-aquatic lifestyle of amphibians represents a unique opportunity to study the molecular driving forces involved in the transition of aquatic to terrestrial olfaction in vertebrates. Most amphibians have anatomically segregated main and vomeronasal olfactory systems, but at the cellular and molecular level the segregation differs from that found in ...
Myles Ian A IA Bacterial Pathogenesis Unit, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
The "Western diet" is characterized by increased intake of saturated and omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids with a relative reduction in omega-3 (n-3) consumption. These fatty acids can directly and indirectly modulate the gut microbiome, resulting in altered host immunity. Omega-3 fatty acids can also directly modulate immunity through alterations in ...
Attia Tamer Zekry TZ Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka - - 2014
Although cytochromes P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) and 2C19 (CYP2C19) have 91% amino acid identity, they have different substrate specificities. Previous studies have suggested that several amino acid residues may be involved in substrate specificity. In this study, we focused on the roles of two amino acids, residues 72 and 241. The ...
Galle Sandra S a Department of Food and Nutritional Science , University College Cork , Cork , - - 2014
The use of sourdough improves the quality and increases the shelf life of bread. The positive effects are associated with metabolites produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) during sourdough fermentation, including organic acids, exopolysaccharides (EPS), and enzymes. EPS formed during sourdough fermentation by glycansucrase activity from sucrose influence the viscoelastic ...
Dunning Kylie R KR School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, The Robinson Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Fatty acid oxidation is an important energy source for the oocyte; however, little is known about how this metabolic pathway is regulated in cumulus-oocyte complexes. Analysis of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation showed that many are regulated by the luteinizing hormone surge during in vivo maturation, including acyl-CoA synthetases, ...
Mahmoudabadi Mohammad Mehdi Shakouri MM Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid combined with vitamin C in comparison with the pure form of eicosapentaenoic acid on the serum concentration of malondialdehyde, erythrocyte activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and the serum level of total antioxidant capacity in patients with ...
Redmond William John WJ Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University , NSW , - - 2014
Background and purpose. Arachidonic acid (AA) and its derivatives are important modulators of cellular signalling. The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A, member 1 (TRPA1) is a cation channel with important functions in mediating cellular responses to noxious stimuli and inflammation. There is limited information about the interactions between ...
Liang Shuang S Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, China ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China ; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Shanghai 200011, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the joint effects of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes in the folic acid pathway on homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism. Methods. Four hundred women with normal pregnancies were enrolled in this study. SNPs were identified by MassARRAY. Serum folic acid and Hcy concentration were measured. Analysis of ...
Wu Tung-Ho TH Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan. - - 2014
Three new clerodane diterpenes, (4→2)-abeo-cleroda-2,13E-dien-2,14-dioic acid (1), (4→2)-abeo-2,13-diformyl-cleroda-2,13E-dien-14-oic acid (2), and 16(R&amp;S)- methoxycleroda-4(18),13-dien-15,16-olide (3), were isolated from the unripe fruit of Polyalthia longifolia var. pendula (Annonaceae) together with five known compounds (4-8). The structures of all isolates were determined by spectroscopic analysis. The anti-inflammatory activity of the isolates was evaluated ...
Bruckbauer Antje A Research and Development, NuSirt Sciences Incorporated, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
The AMPK-Sirt1 pathway is an important regulator of energy metabolism and therefore a potential target for prevention and therapy of metabolic diseases. We recently demonstrated leucine and its metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) to synergize with low-dose resveratrol (200 nM) to activate sirtuin signaling and stimulate energy metabolism. Here we show that ...
Al-Attas Omar S OS Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King, Saud University, PO Box, 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. aldaghri2011@gmail.com; - - 2014
The aim of the study was to understand whether dietary fatty acids such as saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated fatty acids act as inflammatory mediators or influence pro-coagulation in Saudi adults. The study sought to examine inflammatory factors such as C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and activated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. ...
Kawa Kohei K Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Hiyoshi 3-14-1, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522, - - 2014
Tandem glycosylation of the 6-O-Fmoc-substituted benzyl orthoester derivative 2a was carried out in moderate yields by electrogenerated acid (EGA). The Fmoc group was effectively removed under mild basic conditions, and the product was submitted to the subsequent glycosylation.
Ristic-Medic Danijela D 0000-0002-7041-4220 Centre of Research Excellence in Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 102, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Background. Plant seeds have gained interest for their health benefits due to their fatty acid content. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of dietary consumption of milled sesame/pumpkin/flax seed mixture on glycemic control, serum lipids, phospholipid fatty acid status, and inflammatory factors in patients on hemodialysis. ...
Hakim M A MA Department of Land Management, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia ; Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Hajee Mohammad Danesh and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, - - 2014
Five Malaysian rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties, MR33, MR52, MR211, MR219, and MR232, were tested in pot culture under different salinity regimes for biochemical response, physiological activity, and grain yield. Three different levels of salt stresses, namely, 4, 8, and 12 dS m(-1), were used in a randomized complete block design with ...
Woo J O JO Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Lipid nanoparticles are colloidal carrier systems that have extensively been investigated for controlled drug delivery, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. In this work, a cost effective stearic acid-oleic acid nanoparticles (SONs) with high loading of salicylic acid, was prepared by melt emulsification method combined with ultrasonication technique. The physicochemical properties, thermal ...
Mishra Rachna R Division of Post Harvest Technology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110 012, - - 2014
An attempt was made to understand the changes in physicochemical quality (total soluble solids, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, total sugars, total phenolics, anthocyanin content, and cupric reducing antioxidant capacity assay) and total volatile/aroma compounds of two cultivars of strawberry (Camarosa and Chandler) during storage at 5°C for 9 days at ...
de Vrieze Erik E Department of Organismal Animal Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands ; Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
In fish nutrition, the ratio between omega-3 and omega-6 poly-unsaturated fatty acids influences skeletal development. Supplementation of fish oils with vegetable oils increases the content of omega-6 fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid in the diet. Arachidonic acid is metabolized by cyclooxygenases to prostaglandin E2, an eicosanoid with effects on ...
Nakamoto Kazuo K Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Kobe Gakuin University; School of Pharmaceutical - - 2014
  Fatty acids, one class of essential nutrients for humans, are an important source of energy and an essential component of cell membranes. They also function as signal transduction molecules in a variety of biological phenomena. The important functional role of fatty acids in both onset and suppression of pain has ...
Najgebauer-Lejko Dorota D Department of Animal Product Technology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, - - 2014
Background. Yoghurt is a fermented milk of unique sensory, nutritive and dietetic value offered in a variety of types and in different fl avours. Vegetables belong to the group of food products rich in antioxidant substances (e.g., vitamin C, carotenoids, tocopherols, polyphenols) which regular consumption lowers the risk of many ...
Horn F - - 2014
Background: Folic acid deficiency plays a central role in the aetiology of many congenital anomalies including neural tube defects. Protective effect of folic acid on embryo may be acquired only if taken periconceptionally. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the awareness about folic acid among women of ...
Bahety Priti P Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of - - 2014
Despite the significant amount of work being carried out to investigate the therapeutic potential of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the mechanism by which DHA affects amyloid-β precursor protein (AβPP)-induced metabolic changes has not been studied. To elucidate the metabolic phenotypes (metabotypes) associated with DHA therapy via metabonomic ...
Lim Ji-Na JN Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Animal Bioscience & Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea. - - 2014
Trans vaccenic acid (TVA; trans-11 18:1) is a positional and geometric isomer of oleic acid and it is the predominant trans isomer found in ruminant fats. TVA can be converted into cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11-CLA), a CLA isomer that has many beneficial effects, by stearoyl CoA desaturase ...
Cortesia Claudia - - 2014
ABSTRACT Effective and economical mycobactericidal disinfectants are needed to kill both Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-M. tuberculosis mycobacteria. We found that acetic acid (vinegar) efficiently kills M. tuberculosis after 30 min of exposure to a 6% acetic acid solution. The activity is not due to pH alone, and propionic acid also appears ...
Gangl Roman R Department of Cell Biology, Division Plant Physiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, - - 2014
In animals, the main precursor for glycosaminoglycan and furthermore proteoglycan biosynthesis, like hyaluronic acid, is UDP-glucuronic acid, which is synthesized via the nucleotide sugar oxidation pathway. Mutations in this pathway cause severe developmental defects (deficiency in the initiation of heart valve formation). In plants, UDP-glucuronic acid is synthesized via two ...
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