Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 4175
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Clark-Price Stuart C SC Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of preanesthetic, intravenous (IV) amino acids on body temperature of anesthetized healthy dogs. Randomized, experimental, crossover study. Eight mixed-breed dogs approximately 2 years of age weighing 20.7 ± 2.1 kg. Dogs received 10% amino acid solution (AA) or 0.9% saline (SA) IV at 5 mL kg(-1) over 60 minutes. Body temperature (BT) was ...
Hellal Malik M ISIS, Université de Strasbourg, 8 allée Gaspard Monge, BP 70028, 67083 Strasbourg, France. - - 2014
The inability to decouple Lewis acid catalysis from undesirable Brønsted acid catalysed side reactions when water or other protic functional groups are necessarily present has forced chemists to choose between powerful but harsh catalysts or poor but mild ones, a dichotomy that restricts the substrate scope of dehydrative transformations such ...
Park Se Jin SJ Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder that is characterized by core psychiatric symptoms, including positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Current treatments for schizophrenia have an effect on positive symptoms but have a limited efficacy on negative or cognitive symptoms. Oleanolic acid is a plant-derived pentacyclic terpenoid that is known to ...
Su Wen W School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, No. 100, Waihuan Xi Road, 510006 Guangzhou, PR - - 2014
The work mainly presented a laboratory-scale investigation on an effective process to extract a value-added product from municipal excess sludge. The functional groups in the hydrolysate were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectrum, and the contained amino acids were measured by means of an automatic amino acid analyzer. The corrosion-inhibition ...
Makinde Folasade Maria FM Department of Food Science and Technology, Bowen University, Osun State, - - 2014
 Background. The most common form of utilization of sesame seed is its roasting, which supplies nutrients to the diet. Therefore, in view of the nutritional values of sesame seeds, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of roasting and fermentation 011 the nutritional quality of sesame flour. Material and ...
Pásztor András A Department of Biochemistry, University of Turku, Tykistökatu 6B 4krs, 20520, Turku, - - 2014
Several synthetic metabolic pathways for butanol synthesis have been reported in Escherichia coli by modification of the native CoA-dependent pathway from selected Clostridium species. These pathways are all dependent on the O2 -sensitive AdhE2 enzyme from Clostridium acetobutylicum that catalyzes the sequential reduction of both butyryl-CoA and butyraldehyde. We constructed ...
Guenther Dale C DC Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS2343, Moscow, ID 83844-2343, USA. - - 2014
Incorporation of positively charged C5-amino acid functionalized LNA uridines into oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ONs) results in extraordinary RNA affinity, binding specificity and stability towards 3'-exonucleases.
Zhang Yan - - 2014
Maple syrup has nutraceutical potential given the macronutrients (carbohydrates, primarily sucrose), micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) and phytochemicals (primarily, phenolics) found in this natural sweetener. Here we conducted compositional (ash, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals, amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, phytochemicals), in vitro biological, and in vivo safety (animal toxicity) studies on maple ...
Gow Rachel V RV Section of Nutritional Neurosciences, Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 31 Center Drive, Building 31, Room 1B54, Rockville, MD 20892, - - 2014
Nutritional insufficiencies of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) may have adverse effects on brain development and neurodevelopmental outcomes. A recent meta-analysis reported a small to modest effect size for the efficacy of omega-3 in youth. Several controlled trials of omega-3 HUFAs combined with micronutrients show sizable reductions in aggressive, ...
Larsen M M Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, Foulum, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of increasing the postpartum metabolizable protein (MP) supply on performance and mammary metabolism was studied using 8 Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At parturition, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS). Arterial and epigastric venous blood samples were taken 14 d ...
Troegeler-Meynadier A A Université de Toulouse INPT ENVT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31076 Toulouse, France; INRA, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France; Université de Toulouse INPT ENSAT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heating fat is an efficient way to alter ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) and milk fat quality. Nevertheless, results are variable among studies and this could be due to various heating conditions differently affecting BH. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of type and duration of heating of ...
Rahimi Vida V Department of Audiology , School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Science , Tehran, - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acid, particularly in the form of fish oil, has a structural and biological role in various systems of the body. The auditory and nervous systems are both influenced by omega-3 fatty acids, with omega-3 deficiency having devastating effects on both systems. Numerous studies have attempted to investigate this ...
Doyle E K EK School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research was designed to determine if divergent genetic selection for resistance to Haemonchus contortus had produced correlated changes in the metabolism of amino-nitrogen in the absence or presence of H. contortus infection. Partitioning of amino acid-nitrogen between tissues was determined in 42 Merino weaner wethers from the CSIRO Haemonchus ...
Banerjee Bodhisattwa - - 2014
Effect of environmental hypertonicity, due to exposure to 300 mM mannitol solution for 7 days, on the induction of ureogenesis and also on amino acid metabolism was studied in the air-breathing walking catfish, C. batrachus, which is already known to have the capacity to face the problem of osmolarity stress ...
Rawal Yashpal Y Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Development, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Gcn4 is a master transcriptional regulator of amino acid and vitamin biosynthetic enzymes subject to the general amino acid control (GAAC), whose expression is upregulated in response to amino acid starvation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that accumulation of the threonine pathway intermediate β-aspartate semialdehyde (ASA), substrate of homoserine dehydrogenase ...
Kim Hee Ju HJ Natural Medicine Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Gangneung 210-340 ; Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 210-702, Republic of - - 2014
Autophagy is a series of catabolic process mediating the bulk degradation of intracellular proteins and organelles through formation of a double-membrane vesicle, known as an autophagosome, and fusing with lysosome. Autophagy plays an important role of death-survival decisions in neuronal cells, which may influence to several neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's ...
Ertas Murat M Department of Forest Industry Engineering, Bursa Technical University, 16200 Bursa, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
A comparison study of autohydrolysis and acid-catalyzed autohydrolysis of wheat straw was performed to understand the impact of acid addition on overall sugar recovery. Autohydrolysis combined with refining is capable of achieving sugar recoveries in the mid 70s. If the addition of a small amount of acid is capable of ...
Orhan Ilkay Erdogan IE Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The oil macerates of Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John׳s Wort=SJW) have a long history of medicinal use and SJW has been used in traditional medicine both orally and topically for centuries worldwide mainly for wound healing, ulcer and inflammation. We analyzed the fatty acid composition of 10 traditionally (home-made) and ...
Myszka Kamila K Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 48, 60-627 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of these investigations was to evaluate the reduction capability of phenolic acids (ferulic, chlorogenic, gallic, and p-coumaric acids) on indole acetic acid synthesis by food-associated Pseudomonas fluorescens KM05. Specific genetic primer for the type III secretion system (TTSS) in P. fluorescens KM05 was designed and the influence of phenolic ...
Kamzolova Svetlana V SV G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Nauki 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russia, - - 2014
The production of α-ketoglutaric acid by yeast Yarrowia lipolytica VKMY-2412 from ethanol and its subsequent chemical conversion to succinic acid (SA) were investigated. A highly effective and environmentally friendly process of α-ketoglutaric acid production was developed using a special pH-controlling strategy, in which the titration of the culture broth with ...
Xie Li L State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Tongji University, Siping Road No. 1239, Shanghai 200092, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the performance of a reactor in which denitrification was integrated into the anaerobic acidogenic process. Industrial wastewater cassava stillage was used as the carbon source, and the nitrate reduction pathway and its effects on acid fermentation were examined. Results from batch and semi-continuous tests showed that the ...
Hajdu Zsanett Z Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged , H-6720 Szeged, - - 2014
The discovery of the interaction of plant-derived N-alkylamides (NAAs) and the mammalian endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the existence of a plant endogenous N-acylethanolamine signaling system have led to the re-evaluation of this group of compounds. Herein, the isolation of seven NAAs and the assessment of their effects on major protein ...
Abood Walaa Najm - - 2014
Immunomodulators are substances that modify immune system response to a threat. Immunomodulators modulate and potentiate the immune system, keeping it highly prepared for any threat. The immunomodulatory effect of the traditional medicine Tinospora crispa is investigated in this work. T. crispa ethanol extract was fractionated by using different solvents. The ...
Graham Daniel J DJ Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138 - - 2014
We report a multi-gram scale synthesis of methyl 6-formyl-4-dibenzofurancarboxylate and its subsequent use in the gram scale synthesis of a dibenzofuran-functionalized hangman porphyrin containing a pendant carboxylic acid (HPD-CO2 H). HPD-CO2 H can be isolated as a free carboxylic acid in high purity with minimal purification. Post-synthetic modification of HPD-CO2 ...
Bhat Wajid Waheed WW Plant Biotechnology Division, CSIR - Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi-180001, - - 2014
Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle ex Benth. is a highly reputed medicinal herb utilised in the preparation of a number of herbal drug formulations, principally due to the presence of novel monoterpene iridoid glycosides kenned as picrosides. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase catalyses an important rate-limiting step in phenylpropanoid pathway and supplies precursors like cinnamic ...
Li Yun-Cheng YC College of Light Industry Textile and Food Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610064, Sichuan, - - 2014
In the industrial production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that can ferment xylose in the presence of inhibitors is of utmost importance. The recombinant, industrial-flocculating S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37, which can ferment xylose, was used as the parent to delete the gene encoding p-nitrophenylphosphatase (PHO13) ...
Bo Yang Y Instrumental Analysis Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, 200240, Shanghai, - - 2014
Abstract Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano TiO2) have been widely applied in daily life and subsequent problem on the potential health risk are raised. Studies on the toxicity of nano TiO2 have shown that nano TiO2 could lead to toxic effects on human and environment. However, the mechanisms are still unclear. ...
Carroll Bernadette B Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, - - 2014
Maintenance of amino acid homeostasis is important for healthy cellular function, metabolism and growth. Intracellular amino acid concentrations are dynamic; the high demand for protein synthesis must be met with constant dietary intake, followed by cellular influx, utilization and recycling of nutrients. Autophagy is a catabolic process via which superfluous ...
Estupiñán Mónica M Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Unitat de Microbiologia i Parasitologia Sanitàries, Facultat de Farmàcia, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
P. aeruginosa displays the ability to perform bioconversion of oleic acid into a class of hydroxylated fatty acids known as oxylipins. A diol synthase activity is responsible for such a conversion, which proceeds through the dioxygenation of oleic acid to release hydroperoxide 10-H(P)OME ((10S)-hydroxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid), followed by conversion of the ...
Talbot Nicola A NA Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Royal College Street, London NW1 0TU, - - 2014
Obesity and saturated fatty acid (SFA) treatment are both associated with skeletal muscle insulin resistance (IR) and increased macrophage infiltration. However, the relative effects of SFA and unsaturated fatty acid (UFA)-activated macrophages on muscle are unknown. Here, macrophages were treated with palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid or both and the effects ...
Zhu Weiqin W Key Laboratory of Hangzhou City for Ecosystem Protection and Restoration, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 310036, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly method for disposing of livestock and poultry manure. In addition, dissolved organic matter (DOM) can serve as a carrier that enhances the migration and transformation of heavy metals. Here, pig manure amended with rice straw was vermicomposted with Eisenia fetida. The DOM content, molecular weight distribution, ...
Chang Huazhen H State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. - - 2014
A novel mechanism is proposed for the poisoning effect of acid gases and N2O formation on SCR catalysts involving base-acid properties correlated with redox ability of M-O or M-OH (M = Ce or V) of metal oxides and the strength of their basicity responsible for resistance to HCl and SO2 ...
Ortiz Maria Eugenia ME Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (CERELA)-CONICET,Chacabuco - - 2014
Summary There are no studies that document the production of prostaglandins (PGs) or their role in Rhinella arenarum oocyte maturation. In this study, we analysed the effect of arachidonic acid (AA) and prostaglandins (PGs) on maturation, activation and pronuclear formation in R. arenarum oocytes. Our results demonstrated that AA was ...
Gao Yu Y The Second Department of Cardiology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Context: Geniposidic acid, one of the main active ingredients in Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis (Rubiaceae), may also possess important pharmacological activities for cardiovascular disorders similar to other derivatives, such as geniposide. Objective: To evaluate its anti-atherosclerosis (anti-AS) effect, the related pharmacological activities and possible cellular mechanisms were studied. Materials ...
Krieg Andreas - - 2014
The release behavior of a model compound (β-naphtholorange) encapsulated in (meth)acrylate based statistical copolymers under different environmental conditions was investigated in a structure-property relationship study. Using monomers of varying polarity (methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, tert-butyl acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate, and benzyl methacrylate) in combination with methacrylic acid, five polymer series were ...
Pędziwiatr-Werbicka Elżbieta E Department of General Biophysics, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Pomorska 141/143, 90-236 Lodz - - 2014
Novel silicates were prepared by using silylated natural fatty acids (derived from triglyceride renewable oils) as co-condensing reagents in presence of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and the triblock copolymer, pluronic P123, as a structure directing agent. A series of carboxylic acid functionalized SBA-15-type mesoporous silicates were obtained with tunable nanoscopic order ...
Zheng Jing J Institute of Materia Medica and College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University , 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, P. R. - - 2014
A Rh(III)-catalyzed selective coupling of N-methoxy-1H-indole-1-carboxamide and aryl boronic acids is reported. The coupling is mild and efficient toward diverse product formation, with selective C-C and C-C/C-N bond formation. Kinetic isotope effects studies were conducted to reveal a mechanism of C-H activation and electrophilic addition.
Hester Austin G AG Wake Forest University School of Medicine, United - - 2014
Dramatic shifts in the Western diet have led to a marked increase in the dietary intake of the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), linoleic acid (LA). Dietary LA can then be converted to arachidonic acid (ARA) utilizing three enzymatic steps. Two of these steps are encoded for by the fatty ...
Salah El Dine Riham R a Department of Pharmacognosy , Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University , 11562 Cairo , - - 2014
The α-glucosidase and maltase inhibitory effects of Punica granatum L. flowers (PGF) were investigated. The methanol extract (PGFMe), n-hexane extract (PGFH), chloroform extract (PGFC) and the remaining water fraction (PGFW) were assayed for their α-glucosidase and maltase inhibitory effects. PGFW showed potent α-glucosidase inhibition with IC50 of 0.8 μg/mL followed by ...
Liu Qing Q The MOE Key Laboratory of Standardization of Chinese Medicines, and SATCM Key Laboratory of New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines, Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine , Shanghai 201210, People's Republic of - - 2014
Six new diterpenoids, 4-epi-7α-O-acetylscoparic acid A (1), 7α-hydroxyscopadiol (2), 7α-O-acetyl-8,17β-epoxyscoparic acid A (3), neo-dulcinol (4), dulcinodal-13-one (5), and 4-epi-7α-hydroxydulcinodal-13-one (6), and a new flavonoid, dillenetin 3-O-(6″-O-p-coumaroyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (10), along with 12 known compounds, were isolated from the aerial parts of Scoparia dulcis. The 7S absolute configuration of the new diterpenoids 1-4 ...
Forsgård R A RA Institute of Biomedicine, Pharmacology, Medical Nutrition Physiology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
We have previously shown in mice that the fecal proportion and concentration of the hydrophobic bile acid deoxycholic acid (DCA) is elevated with high-fat feeding and that these changes are able to disrupt the intestinal barrier function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these changes are mediated ...
Gerling Eva-Maria EM Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Food Toxicology and Analytical Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, - - 2014
We studied the stability of the valuable vitamer nutrients α-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol and options for their protection in salami-type sausages (blended with α-tocotrienol-rich barley oil) and curing brine. Four different sausage formulations were produced containing nitrite curing salt; nitrite curing salt and ascorbic acid (300mg/kg); nitrite curing salt and carnosic ...
Ito Toshihiko T Department of Biological Resource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, Nakano Shimoshinjyo, Akita 010-0195, - - 2014
Phenolic acid (ferulic and p-coumaric acid) liberation from rice grains was examined using rice samples containing phenolic acid at different levels, using two sake mash simulated digestion tests to elucidate influencing factors. Phenolic acid levels in a digest made from steamed rice using dialyzed rice koji enzymes were smaller than ...
Yan Jing-Kun JK The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry & Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China; School of Food & Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China; Department of Applied Biology & Chemical Technology, State Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine and Molecular Pharmacology in Shenzhen, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polysaccharide-functionalized silver nanoparticles (Oc-AgNPs) with a mean diameter of 15nm were utilized as a novel and effective fluorescence-sensing platform for nucleic acid detection. Tests on the oligonucleotide sequences associated with the human immunodeficiency virus as a model system showed that the Oc-AgNPs effectively absorbed and quenched dye-labeled single-stranded DNA through ...
Koca Nülüfer N Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Turkoglu Vocational High School, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Turkoglu-Kahramanmaras, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2015
The effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA), spermine (Spm), epibrassinolide (EBL) and l-phenylalanine on sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) were studied to determine the amount of phenolic compounds and enzymatic activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL). Total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of sweet basils were determined by a spectrophotometer, and individual ...
Salamanca-Cardona Lucia L Department of Chemistry; State University of New York; College of Environmental Science and Forestry; Syracuse, NY - - 2014
Engineering of microorganisms to directly utilize plant biomass as a feedstock for the biosynthesis of value-added products such as bioplastics is the aim of consolidated bioprocessing. In previous research we successfully engineered E. coli LS5218 to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from xylan. In this study we report further genetic modifications to ...
Liang Meng-Yao MY Key Laboratory of Agricultural Biological Functional Genes, Northeast Agricultural University, Mucai Street 59, Xiangfang District, Harbin, 150030, Heilongjiang Province, - - 2014
Milk fat is the major energy component of milk, and regulation of its production relies on transcription factors sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). As one of the target genes of SREBP1 and PPARγ, fatty acid-binding protein 3(FABP3) is the main protein allowing for ...
Rahmati Mitra M INRA, PSH, site agroparc, Avignon, - - 2014
Literature mostly abounds with the impacts of drought conditions on the concentration of non-structural compounds (NSC) and acids in peach fruits without distinction as to the direct effect of drought on fruit metabolism and its indirect effect through dilution. Moreover, there is a need to investigate the sensitivity of the ...
Wu Ya Y Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, MOE, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062 (P.R. China), Fax: - - 2014
A binary acid system has been developed that features an air-stable organometallic precursor, titanocene dichloride, and simple organic cooperative Brønsted acids, which allowed for mild and highly efficient Mannich reactions of both aryl and alkyl ketones with excellent yields and satisfactory diastereoselectivity. Mechanistic studies, including (1) H NMR titration, X-ray structure ...
Grosskinsky Dominik K DK University of Copenhagen, Dpt. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Copenhagen Plant Science Centre, Taastrup, Denmark ; - - 2014
Phytohormones are known as essential regulators of plant defenses, with ethylene, jasmonic and salicylic acid as central immunity backbone, while other phytohormones have been demonstrated to interact with this. Only recently, a function of the classic phytohormone cytokinin in plant immunity has been described in Arabidopsis, rice and tobacco. Although ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >