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Jansson Therese - - 2014
The enzymatic hydrolysis of lactose to glucose and galactose gives rise to reactions that changes the chemistry and quality of ambient-stored lactose-hydrolyzed milk. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare chemical changes in lactose-hydrolyzed and conventional UHT milk during a 9-month ambient storage period. Several complementary ...
Kim Moon Il MI Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (BK 21+ program), KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea. - - 2014
A label-free colorimetric method to detect nucleic acids, which relies on target DNA induced shielding of the oxidase activity of CeO2 NPs, is developed. With this novel strategy, target nucleic acids can be identified within a few minutes and without the need for post-purification of PCR products.
Atanasova-Penichon Vessela V INRA, UR 1264 MycSA, 33882 Villenave d'Ornon, 71 Avenue Edouard Bourlaux, CS 20032, France ; - - 2014
Fusarium verticillioides infects maize ears, causing ear rot disease and contamination of grain with fumonisin mycotoxins. This contamination can be reduced by the presence of bioactive compounds in kernels that are able to inhibit fumonisin biosynthesis. To identify such compounds, we used kernels from a maize genotype with moderate susceptibility ...
Frankowski K M KM Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences, Southeast Dairy Foods Research Center, North Carolina State University, Raleigh - - 2014
Many food companies are trying to limit the amount of sodium in their products. Permeate, the liquid remaining after whey or milk is ultrafiltered, has been suggested as a salt substitute. The objective of this study was to determine the sensory and compositional properties of permeates and to determine if ...
Mykolayivna Lemishko Kateryna - - 2014
A significant acidity enhancement and changes on aromaticity were previously observed in squaric acid and its derivatives when beryllium bonds are present in those systems. In order to know if these changes on the chemical properties could be considered a general behavior of carboxylic acids upon complexation with beryllium compounds, ...
Areche Carlos C Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile. - - 2014
Four new mulinane-type diterpenoids besides the known compounds mulin-11,13-dien-20-oic acid, 13α-hydroxyazorellane, 13β-hydroxyazorellane, mulinolic acid, azorellanol, and mulin-11,13-dien-18-acetoxy-16,20-dioic acid were isolated from the Chilean plant Azorella trifurcata. One of the new metabolites isolated, 7α-acetoxy-9-epi-13β-hydroxymulinane, possesses a new trans-syn-trans arrangement in a tricyclic ring system not previously encountered in nature. Among the ...
Yang Xiao-Ming XM School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ginkgolic acids are alkylsalicylic acid derivatives with a thermolabile carboxylic group from Ginkgo biloba L., and they exhibit anticancer activity. Their anticancer effects are closely associated with their thermal stability. In this study, the thermal decomposition of ginkgolic acids was analyzed at temperatures of 30, 50, 70 and 250ºC. The ...
Karwowska Ma Łgorzata ML Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Skromna 8, 20-704, Lublin, - - 2014
The influence of the addition of mustard seed and acid whey on the stability of nitrite-free organic fermented sausage during 90 days of vacuum storage, by measuring primary and secondary products of lipid oxidation, the changes in the fatty acid composition and antioxidant capacity as well as water activity was ...
De Ruigh A A Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Gastroenterology, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Recent studies have shown that Gaviscon Double Action Liquid (a combination alginate-antacid) administered post-prandially co-localises with the acid pocket, the 'reservoir' for post-prandial acid reflux. This study compared the effectiveness of Gaviscon Double Action Liquid to an equivalent strength antacid without alginate in controlling post-prandial acid reflux in GERD patients. ...
Herbst Annika A Institut für Anorganische Chemie und Strukturchemie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstrasse 1 , D-40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Porous chromium(III) 2-nitro-, 2-amino-, and nonfunctionalized terephthalate (MIL-101Cr) metal organic frameworks are heterogeneous catalysts for diacetal formation from benzaldehyde and methanol (B-M reaction) as well as other aldehydes and alcohols. MIL-101Cr-NO2 obtained by direct reaction between CrO3 and 2-nitro-terephthalate showed the highest activity with 99% conversion in the B-M reaction ...
Pierce Barbara J BJ *Department of Biology, Sacred Heart University, 5151 Park Avenue, Fairfield, CT 06825, USA; Department of Natural Resources Science, University of Rhode Island, Coastal Institute in Kingston, 1161 Greenhouse Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA - - 2014
Fatty-acid composition of fat stores affects exercise performance in a variety of vertebrates although few such studies focus on flying vertebrates such as migratory birds, which are exceptional exercisers. We first discuss the natural variation in quality of fat available in natural foods eaten by migratory birds and their behavioral ...
Lv Xiaomei X Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, PR - - 2014
To explore the capacity of isoprene production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a rational push-pull-restrain strategy was proposed to engineer the mevalonic acid (MVA) and acetyl-CoA pathways. The strategy can be decomposed into the up-regulation of precursor supply in the acetyl-CoA module and the MVA pathway (push-strategy), increase of the isoprene branch ...
Snelders Jeroen J Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Biochemistry & Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), KU Leuven , Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001 Leuven, - - 2014
The impact of arabinoxylanoligosaccharides (AXOS) with varying bound or free ferulic acid (FA) content on dough and bread properties was studied in view of their prebiotic and antioxidant properties. AXOS with an FA content of 0.1-1.7% caused an increase in dough firmness with increasing AXOS concentration. AXOS with a high ...
Mietkiewska Elzbieta E Alberta Innovates Phytola Centre, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, - - 2014
Arabidopsis was engineered to produce 21.2 % punicic acid in the seed oil. Possible molecular factors limiting further accumulation of the conjugated fatty acid were investigated. Punicic acid (18:3Δ(9cis,11trans,13cis) ) is a conjugated linolenic acid isomer and is a main component of Punica granatum (pomegranate) seed oil. Medical studies have shown ...
Dollah Sarafhana S Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and - - 2014
Blends (30:70, 50:50 and 70:30 w/w) of Moringa oleifera seed oil (MoO) with palm olein (PO), palm stearin (PS), palm kernel oil (PKO) and virgin coconut oil (VCO) were prepared. To determine the physicochemical properties of the blends, the iodine value (IV), saponication value (SV), fatty acid (FA) composition, triacylglycerol ...
Wu Hui H Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, - - 2014
Crude glycerol, generated as waste by-product in biodiesel production process, has been considered as an important carbon source for converting to value-added bioproducts recently. Free fatty acids (FFAs) can be used as precursors for the production of biofuels or biochemicals. Microbial biosynthesis of FFAs can be achieved by introducing an ...
Yang Xiao-Long XL Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); College of Pharmaceutical Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (P. R. - - 2014
Induced production of tetronate derivatives: We activated a dormant PKS-NRPS gene cluster in Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 by expressing its dedicated transcription activator (caaR). As a result, the transformant expressing caaR produces three acyltetronate derivatives: carlosic acid (1), agglomerin F (2), and carlosic acid methyl ester (3).
de Vrese Michael M Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Centre for Nutrition and Food, Hermann-Weigmann-Straße 1, 24103 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lactose digestion can be improved in subjects with impaired or completely absent intestinal lactase activity by administration of lactase preparations and particularly of acid lactase, which is active in the stomach, or by yogurt containing live lactic acid bacteria. It is the question, if lactose digestion can be further enhanced ...
Dodson Jennifer R JR Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Cidade Universitária-Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909 - - 2014
A glut of glycerol has formed from the increased production of biodiesel, with the potential to integrate the supply chain by using glycerol additives to improve biodiesel properties. Acetylated acetals show interesting cold flow and viscosity effects. Herein, a solventless heterogeneously catalyzed process for the acetylation of both solketal and ...
Yun Danim D World Class University (WCU) program of chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment, Institute of Chemical Processes, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-741 (Republic of Korea), Fax: (+82) - - 2014
Developing a catalyst to resolve deactivation caused from coke is a primary challenge in the dehydration of glycerol to acrolein. An open-macropore-structured and Brønsted-acidic catalyst (Marigold-like silica functionalized with sulfonic acid groups, MS-FS) was synthesized for the stable and selective production of acrolein from glycerol. A high acrolein yield of ...
Skrzypczak Ewa E Department of Pig Breeding and Production, University of Life Sciences in Poznań, Poznań, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the level of fat and selected fatty acids found in the milk of sows on the rearing of native breed piglets. Simultaneously, in order to improve the accuracy of the performed analyses, atomic absorption spectrometry was employed in the ...
Reza M Toufiq MT APECS Group, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering (ATB), Max-Eyth-Allee 100, Potsdam 14469, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, effects of reaction temperature and reaction time on both solid hydrochar and HTC process liquid products were studied for hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of cellulose, wheat straw, and poplar. A novel slurry sampling system was designed and used with an 18.6L Parr reactor for 0-480min in 200, 230, ...
Joarder Biplab B Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) , Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune-411008, - - 2014
Two new hexanuclear symmetric dysprosium wheels, namely, [Dy6(L1)6(L')6(OCH3)6(2CH3OH)] and [Dy6(L2)6(L')6(OCH3)6(2CH3OH)] (L1H = pivalic acid and L2H = 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, L'H= 2,6-dimethoxyphenol) were isolated employing a mixed-ligand strategy. The strategic introduction of two different auxiliary groups with diverse steric effects and electrostatic actions affect the magnetic coupling and local anisotropy of ...
Halasa Anna - - 2014
Structural transformations were induced in conformers of glycolic acid by selective excitation with monochromatic, tunable near-infrared laser light. For the compound isolated in Ar matrixes, near-IR excitation led to generation of two higher-energy conformers (GAC; AAT) differing from the most stable SSC form by 180° rotation around the C-C bond. ...
Park S - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species promote endothelial dysfunction in old age and contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, and hypertension. α-lipoic acid was identified as a catalytic agent for oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and α-ketoglutarate in 1951, and it has been studied intensively ...
Chen Szu-Jung SJ Department of Radiation Oncology, Tao Yuan General Hospital, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Eicosatrienoic acid (Δ11,14,17-20:3; ETrA) is a rare naturally occurring n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). Using murine RAW264.7 cells, the objectives were to determine how ETrA modulated phospholipid fatty acid compositions and the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. Incubation cells with ETrA dose-dependently increased the proportions of phospholipid ETrA and its metabolites ...
Khaligh Nader Ghaffari NG Research House of Professor Reza, Education Guilan, District 1, Rasht 41569-17139, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
N-Sulfonic acid poly(4-vinylpyridinium) hydrogen sulfate catalyzed efficiently the synthesis of xanthene derivatives under ultrasonic irradiation at room temperature, which has prompted various concerns involving cost and environmental persistence. This methodology shows the effect of presence of anion hydrogen sulfate as an important and effective factor on the promotion of the ...
Srinivasan Asha A a Department of Civil Engineering , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia , - - 2014
Dairy manure, acidified using organic acids (acetic, oxalic, and citric acid) were treated with microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process (MW/H2O2-AOP). The effect of a mixture of oxalic acid and commonly used mineral acids (sulfuric and hydrochloric acid) on MW/H2O2-AOP was also examined. Substantial amounts of phosphorus were released under MW/H2O2-AOP, ...
Ren Qiang Q Laboratory of Synthetic Microbiology, School of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, P.R. China; Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering, Ministry of Education of China, Tianjin 300072, P.R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin, P.R. - - 2014
Low pH is recognized as a major environmental stress to cyanobacteria that play a pivotal role in the global carbon cycling. Although several cellular mechanisms in response to acid stress were proposed, the regulatory mechanism related to acid stress has not been fully elucidated. By screening gene knockout mutants for ...
Starčević Kristina K Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Various studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of phenolic compounds on production animals. The animal diet supplementation with phytogenic compounds such as different essential oils and polyphenols could improve animal productivity as well as the chemical composition and oxidative stability of food derived from those animals. During the ...
Clark-Price Stuart C SC Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of preanesthetic, intravenous (IV) amino acids on body temperature of anesthetized healthy dogs. Randomized, experimental, crossover study. Eight mixed-breed dogs approximately 2 years of age weighing 20.7 ± 2.1 kg. Dogs received 10% amino acid solution (AA) or 0.9% saline (SA) IV at 5 mL kg(-1) over 60 minutes. Body temperature (BT) was ...
Hellal Malik M ISIS, Université de Strasbourg, 8 allée Gaspard Monge, BP 70028, 67083 Strasbourg, France. - - 2014
The inability to decouple Lewis acid catalysis from undesirable Brønsted acid catalysed side reactions when water or other protic functional groups are necessarily present has forced chemists to choose between powerful but harsh catalysts or poor but mild ones, a dichotomy that restricts the substrate scope of dehydrative transformations such ...
Park Se Jin SJ Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder that is characterized by core psychiatric symptoms, including positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Current treatments for schizophrenia have an effect on positive symptoms but have a limited efficacy on negative or cognitive symptoms. Oleanolic acid is a plant-derived pentacyclic terpenoid that is known to ...
Su Wen W School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, No. 100, Waihuan Xi Road, 510006 Guangzhou, PR - - 2014
The work mainly presented a laboratory-scale investigation on an effective process to extract a value-added product from municipal excess sludge. The functional groups in the hydrolysate were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectrum, and the contained amino acids were measured by means of an automatic amino acid analyzer. The corrosion-inhibition ...
Makinde Folasade Maria FM Department of Food Science and Technology, Bowen University, Osun State, - - 2014
 Background. The most common form of utilization of sesame seed is its roasting, which supplies nutrients to the diet. Therefore, in view of the nutritional values of sesame seeds, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of roasting and fermentation 011 the nutritional quality of sesame flour. Material and ...
Pásztor András A Department of Biochemistry, University of Turku, Tykistökatu 6B 4krs, 20520, Turku, - - 2014
Several synthetic metabolic pathways for butanol synthesis have been reported in Escherichia coli by modification of the native CoA-dependent pathway from selected Clostridium species. These pathways are all dependent on the O2 -sensitive AdhE2 enzyme from Clostridium acetobutylicum that catalyzes the sequential reduction of both butyryl-CoA and butyraldehyde. We constructed ...
Guenther Dale C DC Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS2343, Moscow, ID 83844-2343, USA. - - 2014
Incorporation of positively charged C5-amino acid functionalized LNA uridines into oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ONs) results in extraordinary RNA affinity, binding specificity and stability towards 3'-exonucleases.
Zhang Yan - - 2014
Maple syrup has nutraceutical potential given the macronutrients (carbohydrates, primarily sucrose), micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) and phytochemicals (primarily, phenolics) found in this natural sweetener. Here we conducted compositional (ash, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals, amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, phytochemicals), in vitro biological, and in vivo safety (animal toxicity) studies on maple ...
Gow Rachel V RV Section of Nutritional Neurosciences, Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 31 Center Drive, Building 31, Room 1B54, Rockville, MD 20892, - - 2014
Nutritional insufficiencies of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) may have adverse effects on brain development and neurodevelopmental outcomes. A recent meta-analysis reported a small to modest effect size for the efficacy of omega-3 in youth. Several controlled trials of omega-3 HUFAs combined with micronutrients show sizable reductions in aggressive, ...
Larsen M M Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, Foulum, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of increasing the postpartum metabolizable protein (MP) supply on performance and mammary metabolism was studied using 8 Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At parturition, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS). Arterial and epigastric venous blood samples were taken 14 d ...
Troegeler-Meynadier A A Université de Toulouse INPT ENVT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31076 Toulouse, France; INRA, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France; Université de Toulouse INPT ENSAT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heating fat is an efficient way to alter ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) and milk fat quality. Nevertheless, results are variable among studies and this could be due to various heating conditions differently affecting BH. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of type and duration of heating of ...
Rahimi Vida V Department of Audiology , School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Science , Tehran, - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acid, particularly in the form of fish oil, has a structural and biological role in various systems of the body. The auditory and nervous systems are both influenced by omega-3 fatty acids, with omega-3 deficiency having devastating effects on both systems. Numerous studies have attempted to investigate this ...
Doyle E K EK School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research was designed to determine if divergent genetic selection for resistance to Haemonchus contortus had produced correlated changes in the metabolism of amino-nitrogen in the absence or presence of H. contortus infection. Partitioning of amino acid-nitrogen between tissues was determined in 42 Merino weaner wethers from the CSIRO Haemonchus ...
Banerjee Bodhisattwa - - 2014
Effect of environmental hypertonicity, due to exposure to 300 mM mannitol solution for 7 days, on the induction of ureogenesis and also on amino acid metabolism was studied in the air-breathing walking catfish, C. batrachus, which is already known to have the capacity to face the problem of osmolarity stress ...
Ertas Murat M Department of Forest Industry Engineering, Bursa Technical University, 16200 Bursa, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
A comparison study of autohydrolysis and acid-catalyzed autohydrolysis of wheat straw was performed to understand the impact of acid addition on overall sugar recovery. Autohydrolysis combined with refining is capable of achieving sugar recoveries in the mid 70s. If the addition of a small amount of acid is capable of ...
Orhan Ilkay Erdogan IE Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The oil macerates of Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John׳s Wort=SJW) have a long history of medicinal use and SJW has been used in traditional medicine both orally and topically for centuries worldwide mainly for wound healing, ulcer and inflammation. We analyzed the fatty acid composition of 10 traditionally (home-made) and ...
Myszka Kamila K Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 48, 60-627 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of these investigations was to evaluate the reduction capability of phenolic acids (ferulic, chlorogenic, gallic, and p-coumaric acids) on indole acetic acid synthesis by food-associated Pseudomonas fluorescens KM05. Specific genetic primer for the type III secretion system (TTSS) in P. fluorescens KM05 was designed and the influence of phenolic ...
Kamzolova Svetlana V SV G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Nauki 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russia, - - 2014
The production of α-ketoglutaric acid by yeast Yarrowia lipolytica VKMY-2412 from ethanol and its subsequent chemical conversion to succinic acid (SA) were investigated. A highly effective and environmentally friendly process of α-ketoglutaric acid production was developed using a special pH-controlling strategy, in which the titration of the culture broth with ...
Xie Li L State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Tongji University, Siping Road No. 1239, Shanghai 200092, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the performance of a reactor in which denitrification was integrated into the anaerobic acidogenic process. Industrial wastewater cassava stillage was used as the carbon source, and the nitrate reduction pathway and its effects on acid fermentation were examined. Results from batch and semi-continuous tests showed that the ...
Hajdu Zsanett Z Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged , H-6720 Szeged, - - 2014
The discovery of the interaction of plant-derived N-alkylamides (NAAs) and the mammalian endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the existence of a plant endogenous N-acylethanolamine signaling system have led to the re-evaluation of this group of compounds. Herein, the isolation of seven NAAs and the assessment of their effects on major protein ...
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