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Snelders Jeroen J Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Biochemistry & Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), KU Leuven , Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001 Leuven, - - 2014
The impact of arabinoxylanoligosaccharides (AXOS) with varying bound or free ferulic acid (FA) content on dough and bread properties was studied in view of their prebiotic and antioxidant properties. AXOS with an FA content of 0.1-1.7% caused an increase in dough firmness with increasing AXOS concentration. AXOS with a high ...
Mietkiewska Elzbieta E Alberta Innovates Phytola Centre, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, - - 2014
Arabidopsis was engineered to produce 21.2 % punicic acid in the seed oil. Possible molecular factors limiting further accumulation of the conjugated fatty acid were investigated. Punicic acid (18:3Δ(9cis,11trans,13cis) ) is a conjugated linolenic acid isomer and is a main component of Punica granatum (pomegranate) seed oil. Medical studies have shown ...
Dollah Sarafhana S Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and - - 2014
Blends (30:70, 50:50 and 70:30 w/w) of Moringa oleifera seed oil (MoO) with palm olein (PO), palm stearin (PS), palm kernel oil (PKO) and virgin coconut oil (VCO) were prepared. To determine the physicochemical properties of the blends, the iodine value (IV), saponication value (SV), fatty acid (FA) composition, triacylglycerol ...
Wu Hui H Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, - - 2014
Crude glycerol, generated as waste by-product in biodiesel production process, has been considered as an important carbon source for converting to value-added bioproducts recently. Free fatty acids (FFAs) can be used as precursors for the production of biofuels or biochemicals. Microbial biosynthesis of FFAs can be achieved by introducing an ...
Yang Xiao-Long XL Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); College of Pharmaceutical Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (P. R. - - 2014
Induced production of tetronate derivatives: We activated a dormant PKS-NRPS gene cluster in Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 by expressing its dedicated transcription activator (caaR). As a result, the transformant expressing caaR produces three acyltetronate derivatives: carlosic acid (1), agglomerin F (2), and carlosic acid methyl ester (3).
de Vrese Michael M Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Centre for Nutrition and Food, Hermann-Weigmann-Straße 1, 24103 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lactose digestion can be improved in subjects with impaired or completely absent intestinal lactase activity by administration of lactase preparations and particularly of acid lactase, which is active in the stomach, or by yogurt containing live lactic acid bacteria. It is the question, if lactose digestion can be further enhanced ...
Dodson Jennifer R JR Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Cidade Universitária-Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909 - - 2014
A glut of glycerol has formed from the increased production of biodiesel, with the potential to integrate the supply chain by using glycerol additives to improve biodiesel properties. Acetylated acetals show interesting cold flow and viscosity effects. Herein, a solventless heterogeneously catalyzed process for the acetylation of both solketal and ...
Yun Danim D World Class University (WCU) program of chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment, Institute of Chemical Processes, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-741 (Republic of Korea), Fax: (+82) - - 2014
Developing a catalyst to resolve deactivation caused from coke is a primary challenge in the dehydration of glycerol to acrolein. An open-macropore-structured and Brønsted-acidic catalyst (Marigold-like silica functionalized with sulfonic acid groups, MS-FS) was synthesized for the stable and selective production of acrolein from glycerol. A high acrolein yield of ...
Skrzypczak Ewa E Department of Pig Breeding and Production, University of Life Sciences in Poznań, Poznań, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the level of fat and selected fatty acids found in the milk of sows on the rearing of native breed piglets. Simultaneously, in order to improve the accuracy of the performed analyses, atomic absorption spectrometry was employed in the ...
Joarder Biplab B Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) , Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune-411008, - - 2014
Two new hexanuclear symmetric dysprosium wheels, namely, [Dy6(L1)6(L')6(OCH3)6(2CH3OH)] and [Dy6(L2)6(L')6(OCH3)6(2CH3OH)] (L1H = pivalic acid and L2H = 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, L'H= 2,6-dimethoxyphenol) were isolated employing a mixed-ligand strategy. The strategic introduction of two different auxiliary groups with diverse steric effects and electrostatic actions affect the magnetic coupling and local anisotropy of ...
Halasa Anna - - 2014
Structural transformations were induced in conformers of glycolic acid by selective excitation with monochromatic, tunable near-infrared laser light. For the compound isolated in Ar matrixes, near-IR excitation led to generation of two higher-energy conformers (GAC; AAT) differing from the most stable SSC form by 180° rotation around the C-C bond. ...
Park S - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species promote endothelial dysfunction in old age and contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, and hypertension. α-lipoic acid was identified as a catalytic agent for oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and α-ketoglutarate in 1951, and it has been studied intensively ...
Chen Szu-Jung SJ Department of Radiation Oncology, Tao Yuan General Hospital, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Eicosatrienoic acid (Δ11,14,17-20:3; ETrA) is a rare naturally occurring n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). Using murine RAW264.7 cells, the objectives were to determine how ETrA modulated phospholipid fatty acid compositions and the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. Incubation cells with ETrA dose-dependently increased the proportions of phospholipid ETrA and its metabolites ...
Khaligh Nader Ghaffari NG Research House of Professor Reza, Education Guilan, District 1, Rasht 41569-17139, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
N-Sulfonic acid poly(4-vinylpyridinium) hydrogen sulfate catalyzed efficiently the synthesis of xanthene derivatives under ultrasonic irradiation at room temperature, which has prompted various concerns involving cost and environmental persistence. This methodology shows the effect of presence of anion hydrogen sulfate as an important and effective factor on the promotion of the ...
Srinivasan Asha A a Department of Civil Engineering , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia , - - 2014
Dairy manure, acidified using organic acids (acetic, oxalic, and citric acid) were treated with microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process (MW/H2O2-AOP). The effect of a mixture of oxalic acid and commonly used mineral acids (sulfuric and hydrochloric acid) on MW/H2O2-AOP was also examined. Substantial amounts of phosphorus were released under MW/H2O2-AOP, ...
Ren Qiang Q Laboratory of Synthetic Microbiology, School of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, P.R. China; Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering, Ministry of Education of China, Tianjin 300072, P.R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin, P.R. - - 2014
Low pH is recognized as a major environmental stress to cyanobacteria that play a pivotal role in the global carbon cycling. Although several cellular mechanisms in response to acid stress were proposed, the regulatory mechanism related to acid stress has not been fully elucidated. By screening gene knockout mutants for ...
Starčević Kristina K Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Various studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of phenolic compounds on production animals. The animal diet supplementation with phytogenic compounds such as different essential oils and polyphenols could improve animal productivity as well as the chemical composition and oxidative stability of food derived from those animals. During the ...
Clark-Price Stuart C SC Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of preanesthetic, intravenous (IV) amino acids on body temperature of anesthetized healthy dogs. Randomized, experimental, crossover study. Eight mixed-breed dogs approximately 2 years of age weighing 20.7 ± 2.1 kg. Dogs received 10% amino acid solution (AA) or 0.9% saline (SA) IV at 5 mL kg(-1) over 60 minutes. Body temperature (BT) was ...
Hellal Malik M ISIS, Université de Strasbourg, 8 allée Gaspard Monge, BP 70028, 67083 Strasbourg, France. - - 2014
The inability to decouple Lewis acid catalysis from undesirable Brønsted acid catalysed side reactions when water or other protic functional groups are necessarily present has forced chemists to choose between powerful but harsh catalysts or poor but mild ones, a dichotomy that restricts the substrate scope of dehydrative transformations such ...
Park Se Jin SJ Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder that is characterized by core psychiatric symptoms, including positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Current treatments for schizophrenia have an effect on positive symptoms but have a limited efficacy on negative or cognitive symptoms. Oleanolic acid is a plant-derived pentacyclic terpenoid that is known to ...
Su Wen W School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, No. 100, Waihuan Xi Road, 510006 Guangzhou, PR - - 2014
The work mainly presented a laboratory-scale investigation on an effective process to extract a value-added product from municipal excess sludge. The functional groups in the hydrolysate were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectrum, and the contained amino acids were measured by means of an automatic amino acid analyzer. The corrosion-inhibition ...
Makinde Folasade Maria FM Department of Food Science and Technology, Bowen University, Osun State, - - 2014
 Background. The most common form of utilization of sesame seed is its roasting, which supplies nutrients to the diet. Therefore, in view of the nutritional values of sesame seeds, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of roasting and fermentation 011 the nutritional quality of sesame flour. Material and ...
Pásztor András A Department of Biochemistry, University of Turku, Tykistökatu 6B 4krs, 20520, Turku, - - 2014
Several synthetic metabolic pathways for butanol synthesis have been reported in Escherichia coli by modification of the native CoA-dependent pathway from selected Clostridium species. These pathways are all dependent on the O2 -sensitive AdhE2 enzyme from Clostridium acetobutylicum that catalyzes the sequential reduction of both butyryl-CoA and butyraldehyde. We constructed ...
Guenther Dale C DC Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS2343, Moscow, ID 83844-2343, USA. - - 2014
Incorporation of positively charged C5-amino acid functionalized LNA uridines into oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ONs) results in extraordinary RNA affinity, binding specificity and stability towards 3'-exonucleases.
Zhang Yan - - 2014
Maple syrup has nutraceutical potential given the macronutrients (carbohydrates, primarily sucrose), micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) and phytochemicals (primarily, phenolics) found in this natural sweetener. Here we conducted compositional (ash, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals, amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, phytochemicals), in vitro biological, and in vivo safety (animal toxicity) studies on maple ...
Gow Rachel V RV Section of Nutritional Neurosciences, Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 31 Center Drive, Building 31, Room 1B54, Rockville, MD 20892, - - 2014
Nutritional insufficiencies of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) may have adverse effects on brain development and neurodevelopmental outcomes. A recent meta-analysis reported a small to modest effect size for the efficacy of omega-3 in youth. Several controlled trials of omega-3 HUFAs combined with micronutrients show sizable reductions in aggressive, ...
Larsen M M Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, Foulum, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of increasing the postpartum metabolizable protein (MP) supply on performance and mammary metabolism was studied using 8 Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At parturition, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS). Arterial and epigastric venous blood samples were taken 14 d ...
Troegeler-Meynadier A A Université de Toulouse INPT ENVT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31076 Toulouse, France; INRA, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France; Université de Toulouse INPT ENSAT, UMR1289 Tissus Animaux Nutrition Digestion Ecosystème et Métabolisme, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heating fat is an efficient way to alter ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) and milk fat quality. Nevertheless, results are variable among studies and this could be due to various heating conditions differently affecting BH. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of type and duration of heating of ...
Rahimi Vida V Department of Audiology , School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Science , Tehran, - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acid, particularly in the form of fish oil, has a structural and biological role in various systems of the body. The auditory and nervous systems are both influenced by omega-3 fatty acids, with omega-3 deficiency having devastating effects on both systems. Numerous studies have attempted to investigate this ...
Doyle E K EK School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research was designed to determine if divergent genetic selection for resistance to Haemonchus contortus had produced correlated changes in the metabolism of amino-nitrogen in the absence or presence of H. contortus infection. Partitioning of amino acid-nitrogen between tissues was determined in 42 Merino weaner wethers from the CSIRO Haemonchus ...
Ertas Murat M Department of Forest Industry Engineering, Bursa Technical University, 16200 Bursa, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
A comparison study of autohydrolysis and acid-catalyzed autohydrolysis of wheat straw was performed to understand the impact of acid addition on overall sugar recovery. Autohydrolysis combined with refining is capable of achieving sugar recoveries in the mid 70s. If the addition of a small amount of acid is capable of ...
Orhan Ilkay Erdogan IE Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The oil macerates of Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John׳s Wort=SJW) have a long history of medicinal use and SJW has been used in traditional medicine both orally and topically for centuries worldwide mainly for wound healing, ulcer and inflammation. We analyzed the fatty acid composition of 10 traditionally (home-made) and ...
Myszka Kamila K Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 48, 60-627 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of these investigations was to evaluate the reduction capability of phenolic acids (ferulic, chlorogenic, gallic, and p-coumaric acids) on indole acetic acid synthesis by food-associated Pseudomonas fluorescens KM05. Specific genetic primer for the type III secretion system (TTSS) in P. fluorescens KM05 was designed and the influence of phenolic ...
Kamzolova Svetlana V SV G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Nauki 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russia, - - 2014
The production of α-ketoglutaric acid by yeast Yarrowia lipolytica VKMY-2412 from ethanol and its subsequent chemical conversion to succinic acid (SA) were investigated. A highly effective and environmentally friendly process of α-ketoglutaric acid production was developed using a special pH-controlling strategy, in which the titration of the culture broth with ...
Xie Li L State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Tongji University, Siping Road No. 1239, Shanghai 200092, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the performance of a reactor in which denitrification was integrated into the anaerobic acidogenic process. Industrial wastewater cassava stillage was used as the carbon source, and the nitrate reduction pathway and its effects on acid fermentation were examined. Results from batch and semi-continuous tests showed that the ...
Hajdu Zsanett Z Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged , H-6720 Szeged, - - 2014
The discovery of the interaction of plant-derived N-alkylamides (NAAs) and the mammalian endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the existence of a plant endogenous N-acylethanolamine signaling system have led to the re-evaluation of this group of compounds. Herein, the isolation of seven NAAs and the assessment of their effects on major protein ...
Abood Walaa Najm - - 2014
Immunomodulators are substances that modify immune system response to a threat. Immunomodulators modulate and potentiate the immune system, keeping it highly prepared for any threat. The immunomodulatory effect of the traditional medicine Tinospora crispa is investigated in this work. T. crispa ethanol extract was fractionated by using different solvents. The ...
Graham Daniel J DJ Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138 - - 2014
We report a multi-gram scale synthesis of methyl 6-formyl-4-dibenzofurancarboxylate and its subsequent use in the gram scale synthesis of a dibenzofuran-functionalized hangman porphyrin containing a pendant carboxylic acid (HPD-CO2 H). HPD-CO2 H can be isolated as a free carboxylic acid in high purity with minimal purification. Post-synthetic modification of HPD-CO2 ...
Bhat Wajid Waheed WW Plant Biotechnology Division, CSIR - Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi-180001, - - 2014
Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle ex Benth. is a highly reputed medicinal herb utilised in the preparation of a number of herbal drug formulations, principally due to the presence of novel monoterpene iridoid glycosides kenned as picrosides. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase catalyses an important rate-limiting step in phenylpropanoid pathway and supplies precursors like cinnamic ...
Li Yun-Cheng YC College of Light Industry Textile and Food Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610064, Sichuan, - - 2014
In the industrial production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that can ferment xylose in the presence of inhibitors is of utmost importance. The recombinant, industrial-flocculating S. cerevisiae strain NAPX37, which can ferment xylose, was used as the parent to delete the gene encoding p-nitrophenylphosphatase (PHO13) ...
Bo Yang Y Instrumental Analysis Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, 200240, Shanghai, - - 2014
Abstract Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano TiO2) have been widely applied in daily life and subsequent problem on the potential health risk are raised. Studies on the toxicity of nano TiO2 have shown that nano TiO2 could lead to toxic effects on human and environment. However, the mechanisms are still unclear. ...
Carroll Bernadette B Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, - - 2014
Maintenance of amino acid homeostasis is important for healthy cellular function, metabolism and growth. Intracellular amino acid concentrations are dynamic; the high demand for protein synthesis must be met with constant dietary intake, followed by cellular influx, utilization and recycling of nutrients. Autophagy is a catabolic process via which superfluous ...
Estupiñán Mónica M Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Unitat de Microbiologia i Parasitologia Sanitàries, Facultat de Farmàcia, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
P. aeruginosa displays the ability to perform bioconversion of oleic acid into a class of hydroxylated fatty acids known as oxylipins. A diol synthase activity is responsible for such a conversion, which proceeds through the dioxygenation of oleic acid to release hydroperoxide 10-H(P)OME ((10S)-hydroxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid), followed by conversion of the ...
Talbot Nicola A NA Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Royal College Street, London NW1 0TU, - - 2014
Obesity and saturated fatty acid (SFA) treatment are both associated with skeletal muscle insulin resistance (IR) and increased macrophage infiltration. However, the relative effects of SFA and unsaturated fatty acid (UFA)-activated macrophages on muscle are unknown. Here, macrophages were treated with palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid or both and the effects ...
Zhu Weiqin W Key Laboratory of Hangzhou City for Ecosystem Protection and Restoration, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 310036, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly method for disposing of livestock and poultry manure. In addition, dissolved organic matter (DOM) can serve as a carrier that enhances the migration and transformation of heavy metals. Here, pig manure amended with rice straw was vermicomposted with Eisenia fetida. The DOM content, molecular weight distribution, ...
Chang Huazhen H State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. - - 2014
A novel mechanism is proposed for the poisoning effect of acid gases and N2O formation on SCR catalysts involving base-acid properties correlated with redox ability of M-O or M-OH (M = Ce or V) of metal oxides and the strength of their basicity responsible for resistance to HCl and SO2 ...
Ortiz Maria Eugenia ME Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (CERELA)-CONICET,Chacabuco - - 2014
Summary There are no studies that document the production of prostaglandins (PGs) or their role in Rhinella arenarum oocyte maturation. In this study, we analysed the effect of arachidonic acid (AA) and prostaglandins (PGs) on maturation, activation and pronuclear formation in R. arenarum oocytes. Our results demonstrated that AA was ...
Gao Yu Y The Second Department of Cardiology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Context: Geniposidic acid, one of the main active ingredients in Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis (Rubiaceae), may also possess important pharmacological activities for cardiovascular disorders similar to other derivatives, such as geniposide. Objective: To evaluate its anti-atherosclerosis (anti-AS) effect, the related pharmacological activities and possible cellular mechanisms were studied. Materials ...
Krieg Andreas - - 2014
The release behavior of a model compound (β-naphtholorange) encapsulated in (meth)acrylate based statistical copolymers under different environmental conditions was investigated in a structure-property relationship study. Using monomers of varying polarity (methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, tert-butyl acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate, and benzyl methacrylate) in combination with methacrylic acid, five polymer series were ...
Pędziwiatr-Werbicka Elżbieta E Department of General Biophysics, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Pomorska 141/143, 90-236 Lodz - - 2014
Novel silicates were prepared by using silylated natural fatty acids (derived from triglyceride renewable oils) as co-condensing reagents in presence of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and the triblock copolymer, pluronic P123, as a structure directing agent. A series of carboxylic acid functionalized SBA-15-type mesoporous silicates were obtained with tunable nanoscopic order ...
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