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Hamano Y Y a Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Bioresource Sciences , Akita Prefectural University , Ohgata , Akita 010 0444 , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The effects of α-lipoic acid administration on sexual differences in growth performance, heat exposure-induced metabolic response, and lipid peroxidation of raw meat in broiler chickens were studied. 2. Two-week-old male and female broiler chicks were divided into two groups each, as a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Half ...
Sarter Barbara B Hahn School of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Several studies have demonstrated that vegetarians and vegans have much lower plasma concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids (i.e., docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids) when compared to those who eat fish. The purposes of this study were 1) to define the age and/or sex-specific docosahexaenoic plus eicosapentaenoic acids levels in red blood ...
Jeong Yong-Chul YC Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Rd, Oxford OX1 3TA, - - 2014
The synthesis and evaluation of 3-enaminetetramic acids as antibacterial agents is reported; contrary to the analogous 3-acyltetramic acids, the enaminetetramic acid class of compound exhibits modest antibacterial activity against a limited spectrum of organisms, and even that activity is strongly dependent on the identity of the tetramate ring substituents. Moreover, ...
Oh Nam Su NS R&D Center, Seoul Dairy Cooperative, Ansan, Kyunggi 425-839, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of temperature and supplementation with skim milk powder (SMP) on microbial and proteolytic properties during storage of cottage cheese. Cottage cheese were manufactured using skim milk with 2% skim milk powder (SMP) and without SMP as control, and then stored ...
Rouhou Mouna Cheikh MC TOXEN, Département des sciences biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888 Succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, (Qc.), Canada, H3C - - 2014
Toxicological interactions with drugs have the potential to modulate the toxicity of trichloroethylene (TCE). Our objective is to identify metabolic interactions between TCE and 14 widely used drugs in human suspended hepatocytes and characterize the strongest using microsomal assays. Changes in concentrations of TCE and its metabolites were measured by ...
Wang Baixin B Zachry Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2014
Lignocellulosic biomass has been recognized as a promising feedstock for the fermentative production of biofuel. However, the pretreatment of lignocellulose generates a number of by-products, such as furfural, 5-hydroxylmethyl furfural (5-HMF), vanillin, vanillic acids and trans-p-coumaric acid (TPCA), which are known to inhibit microbial growth. This research explores the ability ...
Rosati Adolfo A Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Centro di Ricerca per l'olivicoltura e l'industria olearia, CRA-OLI, Via Nursina 2, 06049 Spoleto, PG, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined whether some agronomical practices (i.e. organic vs. conventional) affect olive fruit and oil composition, and oil sensory properties. Fruit characteristics (i.e. fresh and dry weight of pulp and pit, oil content on a fresh and dry weight basis) did not differ. Oil chemical traits did not differ except ...
Connolly Brian D - - 2014
Asparaginyl (Asn) deamidation could lead to altered potency, safety and/or pharmacokinetics of therapeutic protein drugs. In this study, we investigated the effects of several different carboxylic acids on Asn deamidation rates using an IgG1 monoclonal antibody (mAb1*) and a model hexapeptide (peptide1) with the sequence YGKNGG. Thermodynamic analyses of the ...
Burden Daniel K - - 2014
Gas-liquid scattering experiments are used to determine how a soluble, branched surfactant (2-ethylbutanol) controls the entry of gaseous HCl molecules into 60 and 68 wt % D2SO4 at 213 K. Short-chain alcohols spontaneously segregate to the surfaces of these sulfuric acid solutions, which are representative of aerosol droplets in the ...
Guo Xue-Yuan XY Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, 100029, - - 2014
The effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) are inconclusive in current studies. Moreover, the most appropriate composition of PUFA to play the protective role is unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to ascertain the protective role of PUFA on POAF ...
Passari Livia Maria Zambrozi Garcia LM Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, CP 6154, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Statistical design mixtures of acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane and ethanol were used to study the effects of different solvents and their mixtures on the quantities of coumarin and related metabolites extracted from Mikania laevigata samples harvested in each of the four seasons. RP-HPLC-DAD and both positive and negative modes of UPLC-MS ...
Piras Cristina C Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Cittadella di Monserrato, SS 554, 09042 Monserrato, CA, - - 2014
(1)H NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate changes in the low molecular weight metabolic profile of raw mullet (Mugil spp.) roes during frozen storage and upon processing. NMR data were analysed by Principal Component Analyses (PCA). In the model constructed using frozen roes, no statistical significant metabolic modifications were observed ...
de Jong Bouke W - - 2014
Due to an increasing demand of transportation fuels, a lower availability of cheap crude oil and a lack of sustainability of fossil fuels, a gradual shift from petroleum based fuels towards alternative and renewable fuel resources will be required in the near future. Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) have properties ...
Aguayo-Ulloa L A LA Department of Animal Production and Food Science, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We analysed the effect of enriched housing on the sensory meat quality and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in 60 entire Rasa Aragonesa lambs, housed indoors for 5weeks in six pens (10 lambs/pen, 0.95m(2)/lamb, initial weight 17.13±0.18kg and carcass mean 12.23±0.23kg); three control pens (barren) and three enriched pens ...
Utrilla M C MC Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies Chemistries, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain; Regional Institute for Applied Scientific Research (IRICA), University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, - - 2014
A venison salchichon was made using varying proportions of olive oil to replace the traditional pork meat and to obtain a healthier product. Six types of salchichon were produced. The control type contained 75% lean venison and 25% pork meat; in the other types, 15%, 25%, 35%, 45% and 55% ...
Kobayashi Keiichi K Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Ohkubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8555, - - 2014
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is used worldwide in the industrial production of citric acid. However, under specific cultivation conditions, citric acid-producing strains of A. niger accumulate oxalic acid as a by-product. Oxalic acid is used as a chelator, detergent, or tanning agent. Here, we sought to develop oxalic acid ...
Wang Zikun Z Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, China. yjliang@ciac.ac.cn - - 2014
A novel copper-catalyzed formal O-H insertion of α-diazo-1,3-dicarbonyl compounds to carboxylic acids has been developed, providing a straightforward synthetic method for α-acyloxy-1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, in which the activation of carboxylic acids by isocyanide plays a crucial role.
Teng Yinglai Y Biobased Commodity Chemistry, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708, WG Wageningen, The - - 2014
Amino acids (AAs) derived from hydrolysis of protein rest streams are interesting feedstocks for the chemical industry due to their functionality. However, separation of AAs is required before they can be used for further applications. Electrodialysis may be applied to separate AAs, but its efficiency is limited when separating AAs ...
Rado X0161 Du X0161 Ica DX Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. da República - EAN, 2780-157 Oeiras, - - 2014
Corynebacterium glutamicum wild type produces a mixture of lactic, succinic and acetic acid from glucose under oxygen deprivation. We investigated the effect of CO2 on the production of organic acids in a two-stage process: cells were grown aerobically in glucose and, subsequently, organic acid production by non-growing cells was studied ...
Poverenov Elena - - 2014
Conjugated polymers which can undergo unusual non-oxidative doping were designed. A series of polymers based on donor-acceptor-donor moieties 2,1,3-benzoselenadiazole, 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole, 2,1,3-benzoxadiazolebenzo[2,1,5]oxodiazole and 2-hexylbenzotriazole as acceptor fragments and 3,4-ethylenedioxyselenophene (EDOS) and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) as donor fragments was prepared. When the studied polymers were reacted with Lewis acids and bases notable optical ...
Ochsenreither Katrin K Institute of Process Engineering in Life Sciences, Section II: Technical Biology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engler-Bunte-Ring 1, 76131, Karlsruhe, Germany, - - 2014
L-Malic acid and fumaric acid are C4 dicarboxylic organic acids and considered as promising chemical building blocks. They can be applied as food preservatives and acidulants in rust removal and as polymerization starter units. Molds of the genus Aspergillus are able to produce malic acid in large quantities from glucose ...
Yuan Xiaowei X College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, People's Republic of - - 2014
IgASE1, a C18 Δ(9)-specific polyunsaturated fatty acid elongase from the marine microalga Isochrysis galbana, is able to convert linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid to eicosadienoic acid and eicosatrienoic acid in Arabidopsis. Eicosadienoic acid and eicosatrienoic acid are precursors of arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid, which are synthesized via ...
Wang Ziqiang Z National Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, - - 2014
An Escherichia coli-engineered bacterium with cis-epoxysuccinate hydrolase (ESH) activity was used to catalyze the stereospecific hydrolysis of cis-epoxysuccinic acid to L-(+)-tartaric acid. The effect of the substrate composition on the production efficiency of L-(+)-tartaric acid was investigated. Based on the sodium-type homogeneous substrate system, a heterogeneous substrate system, composed of ...
O'Mahony Aoife M AM Pharmacodelivery Group, School of Pharmacy, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
Modified cyclodextrins (CDs) have shown great promise as non-viral gene and siRNA delivery vectors in a range of in vitro and in vivo studies. In the current study, structural and biophysical characterisation of selected CDs was carried out to enhance our understanding of their interaction with nucleic acids. The methods ...
Hochuli Michel M Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition (M.Ho., I.A., P.A.G., G.A.S., K.B.), University Hospital Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland; Division of Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry (A.W., M.He., H.T.), University Children's Hospital Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland; Human Nutrition Laboratory (I.A.), Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health and Competence Center for Systems Physiology and Metabolic Diseases (P.A.G., G.A.S.), ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland; Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (K.B.), 8057 Zurich, - - 2014
Context: The impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on lipid metabolism when consumed in moderate amounts by normal weight subjects is debated. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of different types of sugars in SSB on fatty acid metabolism (ie, fatty acid synthesis and oxidation) in ...
Baba Takashi T Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, - - 2014
Recent studies have suggested that phosphatidic acid (PA), a cone-shaped phospholipid that can generate negative curvature of lipid membranes, participates in mitochondrial fusion. However, precise mechanisms underling the production and consumption of PA on the mitochondrial surface are not fully understood. Phosphatidic acid-preferring phospholipase A1 (PA-PLA1) is the first identified ...
Zhang Yue Y School of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and - - 2014
A set of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-resveratrol (RES) conjugates with amino acid as spacers was designed and synthesized to improve certain defects of resveratrol, such as poor stability and solubility, its short half-life and the difficulty of obtaining controlled release. Amino acids, which are released along with resveratrolRES, are necessary for ...
Ng Fo-Ning FN State Key Laboratory of Chirosciences, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (Hong Kong), Fax: - - 2014
A Rh(III) -catalyzed direct ortho-CH amidation/amination of benzoic acids with N-chlorocarbamates/N-chloromorpholines was achieved, giving anthranilic acids in up to 85 % yields with excellent ortho-selectivity and functional-group tolerance. Successful benzoic acid aminations were achieved with carbamates bearing various amide groups including NHCO2 Me, NHCbz, and NHTroc (Cbz=carbobenzyloxy; Troc=trichloroethylchloroformate), as well as ...
Li Shiqing S Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, 29 Wangjiang Road, Chengdu 610064, PR China. gg2b@scu.edu.cn - - 2014
Imidazolium salts were conveniently prepared by direct aryl quaternization using arylboronic acids. This process features the tolerance of a broad range of functional groups and excellent chemoselectivity, and is especially effective for the synthesis of unsymmetrical imidazolium salts.
You H H a Department of Biotechnology , Yonsei University , Seoul , - - 2014
Gas phase acidity and basicity estimation models have been developed for acidic and basic functional groups of amino acid side-chains and also for a number of small organic molecules. The acidic functional groups include aliphatic and aromatic alcohol, and aliphatic and aromatic carboxylic acid, and the basic functional groups include ...
McEntee Monica - - 2014
The oxidative-dehydrogenation of carboxylic acids to selectively produce unsaturated acids at the second and third carbons regardless of alkyl chain length was found to occur on a Au/TiO2 catalyst. Using transmission infrared spectroscopy (IR) and density functional theory (DFT), unsaturated acrylate (H2C=CHCOO) and crotonate (CH3CH=CHCOO) were observed to form from ...
Wang Jiani J State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Pressure is an important thermodynamic property of the ocean and the deep biosphere that affects microbial physiology and biochemistry. Here, we report on our investigation of the response of Gram-positive piezotolerant bacterium Sporosarcina sp. DSK25 to hydrostatic pressure. Strain DSK25 responded in an adaptive manner to upshifts of growth pressure ...
Kis Olena O Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, 144 College Street, Room 1001, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3M2, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of intestinal lumen pH, food intake, and acid-reducing agents on the intestinal permeability of atazanavir, an HIV-1 protease inhibitor. Atazanavir permeability across Caco-2 cell monolayers (P app) and in situ steady-state permeability across rat jejunum and ileum (P eff) were ...
Feng Lin-Min LM State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
Cycloastragenol (CA) is the genuine sapogenin of astragaloside IV (ASI). This study focuses on the preparation of CA from ASI. Five hydrolysis methods were compared including H2SO4 hydrolysis, HCl hydrolysis, two-phase acid hydrolysis, mild acid hydrolysis, and Smith degradation. Seven hydrolysis products were purified, and five of them were identified ...
Kapetanakou A E AE Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Laboratory of Food Quality Control & Hygiene, Iera Odos 75, GR-11855 Athens, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of AB vapors on microbial, physicochemical, and sensory profile of pork meat stored in different MAP conditions. Pork pieces (10g) and cotton/cellulose absorbent cloths (2×2cm) were placed into compartmentalized Petri-dishes in two sections. Aliquots (1mL) of water (control), 30% v/v and 40% ...
Priore Paola P Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Via Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, - - 2014
Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, and oleuropein, the main phenols present in extra virgin olive oil, have been reported to exert several biochemical and pharmacological effects. Here, we investigated the short-term effects of these compounds on lipid synthesis in primary-cultured rat-liver cells. Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol and oleuropein inhibited both de novo fatty acid and ...
Reyes-Darias José A JA Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina "López-Neyra", CSIC (IPBLN-CSIC), PTS Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento s/n, Armilla, 18016 Granada, - - 2014
Transfection of mammalian cells or in vivo administration of nucleic acids can induce inflammatory cytokines and/or interferon response, which could significantly influence the ex vivo or in vivo applications of gene-targeting strategies based on nucleic acids. Further induction of the interferon and inflammatory related stress responses may result in off-target effects and toxicity. ...
Cao Cao - - 2014
Autocatalytic hydrolysis of fatty acid anhydrides induced by the spontaneously formed vesicles has been studied for years. However, whether the reaction autocatalyzed by vesicles formed in diluted solutions applies also to macromolecular crowded conditions remains unknown. The aim of this study is to characterize hydrolysis behavior of fatty acid anhydrides ...
Kara Yusuf Y Serik Central Hospital, Medical Biochemistry Department, Antalya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic inflammation occurs systematically in the central nervous system during ageing, it has been shown that neuroinflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders. Aspirin, a nonselective COX inhibitor, as well as ascorbic acid, has been purported to protect cerebral tissue. We investigated the effects of ...
Sajewicz Mieczyslaw M Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, 9 Szkolna Street, 40-006 Katowice, - - 2014
We employ the achiral liquid chromatography with diode array, evaporative light scattering and mass spectrometric detection (HPLC-DAD, HPLC-ELSD and LC-MS) to assess structural instability (understood as spontaneous oscillatory chiral conversion and spontaneous oscillatory condensation) of the two pairs of amino acids, l-proline-l-phenylalanine (l-Pro-l-Phe) and l-hydroxyproline-l-phenylalanine (l-Hyp-l-Phe), in aqueous acetonitrile. In ...
Li Xihong X Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Tianjin, - - 2014
Ascorbic acid dip and high O2 modified atmosphere packaging were used to alleviate browning and quality loss of fresh-cut eggplants. Fresh-cut eggplants were dipped in water or 0.5% ascorbic acid solution for 2 min before being packed in polyethylene film bags filled with air or high O2. The physiochemical and sensorial ...
Alqarawi A A AA King Saud University Plant Production Department, College of Food & Agriculture Sciences P. O. Box 2460 Riyadh 11451 Saudi - - 2014
The present work was carried out to uncover the effect of salinity stress on shoot moisture percentage, pigment content and lipid composition of Ephedra alata Decne. The results suggested that salinity caused significant decrease in plant moisture content. The chl. a, b and carotenoids showed significant decrease with increasing concentration ...
Dumont Jennifer J INRA, UMR1137 EEF, F-54280 Champenoux, - - 2014
Ozone is an air pollutant that causes oxidative stress by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the leaf. The capacity to detoxify ROS and repair ROS-induced damage may contribute to ozone tolerance. Ascorbate and glutathione are known to be key players in detoxification. Ozone effects on their biosynthesis and ...
Laohakunjit Natta N Division of Biochemical Technology, School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, 49 Tientalay 25 Rd., Takham, Bangkhuntien, Bangkok 10150, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
An enzymatic bromelain seaweed protein hydrolysate (eb-SWPH) was characterised as the precursor for thermally processed seafood flavour. Seaweed (Gracilaria fisheri) protein after agar extraction was hydrolysed using bromelain (enzyme activity=119,325U/g) at 0-20% (w/w) for 0.5-24h. Optimal hydrolysis conditions were determined using response surface methodology. The proposed model took into account ...
Moradi Sarabi Mostafa M Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability in developed countries. Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CVD, accounting for about half of the attributed deaths. Cholesterol homeostasis is one of the most important factors in atherosclerosis. ATP-Binding cassette transporters cholesterol. Omega (ω) 3 fatty acids are ...
Schuster Gertrud U GU 1 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Immunity and Disease Prevention Unit, Davis, - - 2014
Although the effects of fish oil supplements on airway inflammation in asthma have been studied with varying results, the independent effects of the fish oil components, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), administered separately, are untested. Here, we investigated airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness using a mouse ovalbumin exposure model ...
Chen Lei L Laboratory of Animal Feed Science, Division of Animal Science, Department of Animal and Marine Bioresource Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of molasses and propionic acid on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of total mixed ration (TMR) silages prepared with whole-plant corn in Tibet. TMR (354 g/kg DM) was ensiled with four different treatments: no additive (control), molasses (M), propionic ...
Johnson Kelly S KS Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 45701, USA, - - 2014
The spatial congruence of chemical and biological recovery along an 18-km acid mine impaired stream was examined to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with an alkaline doser. Two methods were used to evaluate biological recovery: the biological structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community and several ecosystem processing measures (leaf litter ...
Li Yan Y State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, - - 2014
To optimize antioxidant activity and lipophilicity of cinnamic acid derivatives (CAs) including ferulic acid, sinapic acid, 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid, and p-hydroxycinnamic acid, four analogs bearing an additional double bond between their aromatic ring and propenoic acid moiety were designed and synthesized based on the conjugated chain elongation strategy. The antioxidant performance ...
Gómez-Torres Natalia N Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, - - 2014
In this study, reuterin-producing Lactobacillus reuteri INIA P572 was added to cheese as an adjunct culture together with 50 or 100 mM glycerol (required for reuterin production), with the aim of controlling Clostridium tyrobutyricum CECT 4011 growth and preventing the late blowing defect (LBD) of cheese caused by this strain. L. reuteri ...
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