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Min Keun Young KY Division of Animal Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, - - 2014
Citrus fruit (Citrus unshiu) peels were extracted with hot water and then acid-hydrolyzed using hydrochloric acid. Antimicrobial activities of acid-hydrolyzed Citrus unshiu peel extract were evaluated against pathogenic bacteria, including Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes. Antilisterial effect was also determined by adding extracts at 1, 2, and 4% ...
Stocks S E SE Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Propionic acid is more hypophagic for cows with elevated hepatic acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) concentration in the postpartum period. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the interaction of hepatic acetyl CoA concentration, which is elevated by intravenous lipid infusion, and intraruminal propionic acid infusion on feed intake and ...
Esposito G G University of Pretoria, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Department of Production Animal Studies, 0110, Onderstepoort, South - - 2014
The effect of season of the year associated with changes in feeding and management system (pasture-based vs. confinement) on milk and cheese fatty acid profile and on sensory properties of Caciocavallo cheese was evaluated on 3 mountain dairy farms. Each farm used a pasture-based feeding system from April to June ...
Zhao Tingting T Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University, Seoul 136-703, Republic of Korea; Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul 136-703, Republic of - - 2014
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA)-enriched phosphatidylcholine (PC) was successfully produced with fatty acid from fish oil and PC from soybean by immobilized phospholipase A1-catalyzed acidolysis. Detailed studies of immobilization were carried out, and Lewatit VP OC 1600 was selected as a carrier for preparation of immobilized phospholipase A1, which ...
Porrini Lucía L Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Rosario, Argentina; Departamento de Microbiología Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Ocampo y Esmeralda, Rosario, - - 2014
Bacillus subtilis responds to a sudden decrease in temperature by transiently inducing the expression of the des gene encoding for a lipid desaturase, Δ5-Des, which introduces a double bond into the acyl chain of preexisting membrane phospholipids. This Δ5-Des-mediated membrane remodeling is controlled by the cold-sensor DesK. After cooling, DesK ...
Xu Jian J The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, - - 2014
In order to solve the problem of extraction wastewater pollution in citric acid industry, an integrated citric acid-methane fermentation process is proposed in this study. Extraction wastewater was treated by mesophilic anaerobic digestion and then used to make mash for the next batch of citric acid fermentation. The recycling process ...
Demetriades Constantinos C German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
TOR complex 1 (TORC1) is a potent anabolic regulator of cellular growth and metabolism. When cells have sufficient amino acids, TORC1 is active due to its lysosomal localization mediated via the Rag GTPases. Upon amino acid removal, the Rag GTPases release TORC1, causing it to become cytoplasmic and inactive. We ...
Radočaj Olga O Faculty of Technology, Univ. of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000, Novi Sad, - - 2014
A mixture, simplex centroid, 2 components experimental design was used to evaluate the addition of hemp seed oil press-cake and decaffeinated green tea leaves, as functional ingredients to assess nutritional characteristics and antioxidant properties of gluten-free crackers. All samples with added hemp flour had much better nutritional qualities than the ...
Jin Dong D Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 - - 2014
The catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and olefins into acrylates has been a long standing target, because society attempts to synthesize commodity chemicals in a more economical and sustainable fashion. Although nickel complexes have been known to successfully couple CO2 and ethylene for decades, a key β-hydride elimination step has ...
Li Yao Y Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, 219 Parkman Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. - - 2014
A series of acid-cleavable ester-type protecting groups, with acid-sensitivity profiles parallel to those of 2-naphthylmethyl (NAP) or p-methoxybenzyl (PMB) ether, were designed and TFA in toluene was identified as a technically simple and effective deblocking cocktail for their global removal in the context of oligosaccharide synthesis.
Cheon Hyae Gyeong - - 2014
Excessive saturated fatty acids have been considered to be one of major contributing factors for the dysfunction of skeletal muscle cells as well as pancreatic beta cells, leading to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. PA induced cell death in a dose dependent manner up to 1.5 mM, but AA ...
Glencross Brett D BD CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 2583, Brisbane, QLD, 4001, Australia, - - 2014
A study with varying dietary inclusion levels (1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 g kg(-1)) of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) was conducted with post-smolt (111 ± 2.6 g; mean ± S.) Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) over a 9-week period. In addition to the series of DHA inclusion levels, the study included further diets that had DHA at ...
Arunima Sakunthala S Department of Biochemistry, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram-695581, - - 2014
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of virgin coconut oil (VCO) compared with copra oil, olive oil and sunflower-seed oil on the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids and the molecular regulation of fatty acid metabolism in normal rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed the test ...
Ostermann Carola - - 2014
Backround Chlamydia psittaci (Cp) is a respiratory pathogen capable of inducing acute pulmonary zoonotic disease (psittacosis) or persistent infection. To elucidate the pathogenesis of this infection, a translational large animal model was recently introduced by our group. This study aimed at quantifying and differentiating pulmonary dysfunction and acid base imbalances ...
Magnusson Marie M MACRO - the Centre for Macroalgal Resources and Biotechnology, and School of Marine & Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, 4811, Australia, - - 2014
Biomass productivity was quantified for the marine macroalga Derbesia tenuissima cultivated outdoors at seven stocking densities from 0.25 to 8 g L(-1) for 5 weeks. Total lipids and fatty acid quantity and quality was measured from samples that were freeze-dried, dried by oven (75 °C), food dehydrator (60 °C), or outdoor in the sun (40 °C) ...
Zhao Xu X School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, - - 2014
A Box-Behnken design of response surface method was used to optimize acetic acid-catalyzed hydrothermal pretreatment of corn stover, in respect to acid concentration (0.05-0.25%), treatment time (5-15min) and reaction temperature (180-210°C). Acidogenic fermentations with different initial pH and hydrolyzates were also measured to evaluate the optimal pretreatment conditions for maximizing ...
He Yu-Cai YC Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, College of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Life Sciences, Changzhou University, Changzhou, 213164, China, - - 2014
Brevibacterium sp. CCZU12-1 with high nitrilase activity could effectively hydrolyze benzoyl cyanide into benzoylformic acid. After the culture optimization, the preferred carbon sources, nitrogen sources, and inducer were glucose (10 g/L), a composite of peptone (10 g/L) plus yeast extract (2.5 g/L), and ε-caprolactam (2.0 mM), respectively. After the reaction optimization, the optimum reaction ...
Janesko Benjamin G BG Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA. - - 2014
This work presents a computational mechanistic study of the acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of lignin β-O-4 linkages in ionic liquid solvents. Model compound 2-hydroyxyethyl phenyl ether undergoes dehydration to vinyl phenyl ether followed by hydrolysis to phenol and "Hibbert's ketones". Larger model compound α-hydroxy-phenethyl phenyl ether illustrates an E1 dehydration mechanism involving ...
Kapras Vojtěch V Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic , Flemingovo nam. 2, 166 10, Prague 6, Czech - - 2014
Nonproteinogenic amino acids are prepared by an unprecedented domino aza-Michael addition-1,3-dipolar cycloaddition, leading to enantiopure highly substituted pyrrolidinopyrazolines. Nonaflyl azide serves as highly effective diazo transfer reagent, forming the link between the conjugate addition and cycloaddition steps. The resulting pyrrolidinopyrazolines can be rapidly transformed to either α,β,γ-triamino acids or 3,4-methano-β-prolines. ...
Ruhanen Hanna H Minerva Foundation Institute for Medical Research, - - 2014
The I148M substitution in PNPLA3 (PNPLA3(I148M)) determines a genetic form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. To elucidate the mode of PNPLA3 action in human hepatocytes, we studied effects of wild-type PNPLA3 (PNPLA3(WT)) and PNPLA3(I148M) on HuH7 cell lipidome after [(13)C]glycerol labelling, cellular turnover of [D17]oleic acid in triacylglycerols (TAGs), and ...
Chen Pan P School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen - - 2014
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural triterpenoid and has been demonstrated to protect against varieties of hepatotoxicants. However recently, OA at high doses was reported to produce apparent cholestasis in mice. In this study, we characterized the protective effect of OA at low doses against lithocholic acid (LCA)-induced cholestasis in ...
Vasi Ana-Maria AM "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, 73 Prof. dr. docent Dimitrie Mangeron Street, 700050 Iasi, - - 2014
Functionalized hyaluronic acid (HA) derivatives were obtained by ring opening mechanism of maleic anhydride (MA). FTIR and H(1) NMR spectroscopy were used to confirm the chemical linkage of MA on the hyaluronic acid chains. Thermal analysis (TG-DTG and DSC) and GPC data for the new products revealed the formation of ...
Greetham D D School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK, - - 2014
Fermentation of sugars released from lignocellulosic biomass (LCMs) is a sustainable option for the production of bioethanol. LCMs release fermentable hexose sugars and the currently non-fermentable pentose sugars; ethanol yield from lignocellulosic residues is dependent on the efficient conversion of available sugars to ethanol, a side-product of the process is ...
Andrewartha Sarah J SJ Developmental and Integrative Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle #305220, Denton, Texas 76203, - - 2014
The regulation of blood acid-base balance and hematology in day 15 chicken embryos in response to partial water submersion (with egg's air cell in air) and complete submersion producing severe intrinsic hypercapnic hypoxia and recovery in air was studied. The acid-base disturbance during submersion was characterized by initial rapid respiratory ...
Russo Laura L Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences , University of Milano-Bicocca , Piazza della Scienza 2, Milano 20126 , - - 2014
Different methods for the functionalization of carbonate hydroxyapatite granules with free amine groups by reaction with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) have been compared in order to improve the potential for tethering of bioactive molecules to bioceramics. The combined use of tetraethoxyorthosilicate and APTES with acid catalysis resulted in an evident increase in ...
Borreani Giorgio G Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, I-10095, Grugliasco, - - 2014
The most important factor that can influence silage quality is the degree of anaerobiosis maintained during conservation. The quality of the plastic film is a key factor, since the permeability of polyethylene to oxygen is too high for silage conservation. The aim of this work was to assess the effects ...
Lee Seung Sik SS Advanced Radiation Technology Institute (ARTI), Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Jeongeup 580-185, Republic of - - 2014
Anthocyanins are naturally occurring phenolic compounds having broad biological activities including anti-mutagenesis and anti-carcinogenesis. We studied the effects and the degradation mechanisms of the most common type of anthocyanins, cyanidin-3-rutinoside (cya-3-rut), by using gamma ray. Cya-3-rut in methanol (1mg/ml) was exposed to gamma-rays from 1 to 10kGy. We found that ...
Ma Rongna R State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P.R. China. - - 2014
A stepwise strategy was developed to synthesize boronic acid functionalized magnetic carbon nanotubes (MCNTs) for highly specific enrichment of glycopeptides. The MCNTs were synthesized by a solvothermal reaction of Fe(3+) loaded on the acid-treated CNTs and modified with 1-pyrenebutanoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester (PASE) to bind aminophenylboronic acid (APBA) via an ...
Morrill Louis C LC EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews , North Haugh, St Andrews, KY16 9ST, - - 2014
Isothiourea HBTM-2.1 promotes the catalytic asymmetric α-functionalization of 3-alkenoic acids through formal [2 + 2] cycloadditions with N-tosyl aldimines and formal [4 + 2] cycloadditions with either 4-aryltrifluoromethyl enones or N-aryl-N-aroyl diazenes, providing useful synthetic building blocks in good yield and with excellent enantiocontrol (up to >99% ee). Stereodefined products ...
Chen Shih-Yuan SY Hydrotreating Catalysis Team, Research Center for New Fuels and Vehicle Technology, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sulfonic acid-functionalized platelet SBA-15 mesoporous silica with an acid capacity of 2.44mmol H(+) g-cat(-1) (shortly termed 15SA-SBA-15-p) was one-pot synthesized by co-condensation method. When applied as solid acid catalyst in synthesis of Jatropha biodiesel fuel (BDF), the 15SA-SBA-15-p catalyst showed higher activity and resistances to water and free fatty acid ...
Guise R R Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Genomics and Biotechnology, (IBB/CGB-UTAD), Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, School of Life Sciences and Environment, Edifício de Enologia, Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal; CQ-VR, Chemistry Research Centre of Vila Real, Chemistry Department, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Apartado 1013, 5000-801 Vila Real, - - 2014
Carboxylmethylcellulose (CMC) is authorised to prevent wine tartaric instability. The effect of CMC structural characteristics on their effectiveness is not well understood. The main purpose of this study was to compare the impact of CMC's with different degrees of substitution and molecular weight, on tartaric stability, tartaric acid, mineral concentration, ...
Zhang Juan J Shanghai Key Laboratory of Bio-Energy Crops, School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, - - 2014
Alkali-soluble pectin, which has been extracted from Canna edulis Ker, was characterized by single sugar determination and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results indicated that the amounts of four predominant sugars including arabinose (Ara), glucose (Glc), galactose (Gal) and galacturonic acid (GalA) significantly decreased during the process of mild acid ...
Wang Xiaoming X College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agriculture University , Nanjing 210095, - - 2014
Peroxidation radical formation and the regiospecificity of recombinated lipoxygenase from Anabaena sp. PCC7120 (ana-rLOX) were characterized by using ESR and HPLC-MS. It was found that ana-rLOX oxygenated at the C-13 position of the substrate linoleic acid (LA); at C-13 and C-16 of α-linolenic acid (ALA); at C-9, C-12, and C-15 ...
Shi Y Y 1Department of Horticulture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, - - 2014
The effects of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on shelf life, fruit visual quality and nutritional quality were investigated. Netted melons were treated with air (control) and 0.6 µl l(-1) 1-MCP at 25  for 24 h, and then stored at 25  or 10  for 10 days. 1-MCP significantly extended the shelf life, inhibited weight loss ...
Vivijs Bram B Laboratory of Food Microbiology, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M(2)S), Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22, 3001 Leuven, - - 2014
The mechanisms by which Enterobacteriaceae can survive or grow at low pH are of interest because members of this family are increasingly linked to problems of spoilage and foodborne infection related to mildly acidic foods. In this work, we investigated the contribution of the 2,3-butanediol fermentation pathway in coping with ...
Makiguchi Kosuke K Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, and Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-8628, Japan. - - 2014
A high enantiomer-selectivity for the polymerization of rac-lactide was achieved using chiral binaphthol-derived monophosphoric acids as organocatalysts. During the polymerization, d-lactide (DLA) preferentially polymerized via kinetic resolution with the maximum selectivity factor (kD/kL) of 28.3. The selective polymerization of DLA was derived from a dual activation, i.e., monomer activation and ...
Liu Yanlong Y College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China; Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Louisville, Louisville, - - 2014
During periods of cellular hypoxia, hepatocytes adapt to consume less oxygen by shifting energy production from mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation to glycolysis. One of the earliest responses to pathologic hypoxia is the activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). In the present study, we examined whether HIF-1 and HIF-2 were involved ...
Antunes Margarida M MM Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro - - 2014
The acid-catalyzed reaction of 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural with ethanol is a promising route to produce biofuels or fuel additives within the carbohydrate platform; specifically, this reaction may give 5-ethoxymethylfurfural, 5-(ethoxymethyl)furfural diethylacetal, and/or ethyl levulinate (bioEs). It is shown that sulfonated, partially reduced graphene oxide (S-RGO) exhibits a more superior catalytic performance for ...
Puri Basant K BK Department of Medicine and Department of Imaging, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, England, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Concerns about growth retardation and unknown effects on long-term brain development with stimulants have prompted interest in polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation (PUFA) as an alternative treatment. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses of PUFA supplementation in ADHD have shown marginal benefit, and uncertainty exists as to which, if any, ...
Colpo Elisângela E Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, - - 2014
To investigate the potential antioxidant effects of Phyllanthus niruri (P. niruri, Euphorbiaceae) tea on healthy subjects. Five non-smoking, male healthy volunteers, 20 to 31 years old, were enrolled. Each subject was treated twice, following a randomized crossover fashion regarding the ingestion of P. niruri infusion (5 g/750 mL) (tea group) ...
Harant-Farrugia Isabelle I Institut des Maladies Métaboliques et Cardiovasculaires, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM U1048) and Université Paul Sabatier, I2MC-UPS, 31432, Toulouse Cedex 4, - - 2014
Differential effects of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been demonstrated on adipose tissue physiology. Facing to the widely recognized beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs, the n-6 PUFA effects remain controversial. Thus, we further analyzed the linoleic acid (LA) influence on adipocyte functions. To this aim, we treated ...
Wang Yue-Fei YF Department of Tea Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture, Hangzhou 310058, China; College of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, - - 2014
The conditions for extracting polysaccharides from tea (Camellia sinensis L.) fruit peel (TFPPs) were studied. Three parameters (temperature, time, and liquid/solid ratio) affecting the extraction of TFPP were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Under the optimized conditions, the yield of TFPP was predicted to be 4.98%. The physicochemical properties, ...
Karrasch T T Department of Internal Medicine III, Giessen University Hospital, - - 2014
Visfatin represents a new adipokine secreted by visceral adipose tissue and possibly regulating insulin sensitivity. Data on the regulation of visfatin are sparse and contradictory. Our study investigates the regulation of serum visfatin concentrations in healthy and non-diabetic subjects in response to the ingestion of a newly developed oral lipid ...
Zhong R Z - - 2014
Direct inhibitory effects of tannic acid on Haemonchus contortus viability were studied in vitro using the larval migration inhibition (LMI) assay. Sheep white blood cells (WBC) were preincubated with 5 and 50 lg/mL tannic acid or not followed by whole H. contortus antigen (WHA). Cells were harvested at 24 h ...
Alves Carlos Tiago CT IBB-Institute for Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, - - 2014
Aim: To evaluate the antifungal effect of gallic acid, catechin, luteolin and quercetin, phenolic compounds identified from flowers of North Eastern Portugal, against Candida planktonic and biofilm cells. Materials & methods: The MICs were determined in Candida planktonic cells and the effect of phenolic compounds on Candida biofilms was assessed ...
Zhang Zhi-Yu ZY School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; State Key Laboratory of Drug Delivery Technology and Pharmacokinetics, Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, Tianjin 300193, - - 2014
A significant number of organic carboxylic acids have been shown to influence the absorption and distribution of drugs mediated by organic anion transporters (OATs). In this study, uptake experiments were performed to assess the inhibitory effects of cinnamic acid, ferulic acid, oleanolic acid, deoxycholic acid, and cynarin on hOAT1, hOAT3, ...
Song Min M College of Pharmacy, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of - - 2014
Thelephoric acid is an antioxidant produced by the hydrolysis of polyozellin, which is isolated from Polyozellus multiplex. In the present study, the inhibitory effects of polyozellin and thelephoric acid on 9 cytochrome P450 (CYP) family members (CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4) were examined in pooled ...
Fanaei Hamed H Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. ; Department of Physiology, School of Medicine , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, - - 2014
Background: Oxidative stress in teratozoospermic semen samples caused poor assisted reproductive techniques (ART) outcomes. Among antioxidants, ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring free radical scavenger and as such its presence assists various other mechanisms in decreasing numerous disruptive free radical processes. Objective: The main goal of this study was to ...
Hanada Yukako Y a Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences , Okayama 700-8530 , - - 2014
The stable ascorbic acid (AA) derivative, 2-O-α-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G), exhibits vitamin C activity after enzymatic hydrolysis to AA. The biological activity of AA-2G per se has not been studied in detail, although AA-2G has been noted as a stable source for AA supply. The protective effect of AA-2G against the ...
Giannenas I I Laboratory of Nutrition, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki PC 54124, Thessaloniki Greece PO Box - - 2014
Three trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementation of a basal diet with benzoic acid or thymol or a mixture of essential oil blends (MEO) or a combination of benzoic acid with MEO (BMEO) on growth performance of turkey poults. Control groups were fed a basal diet. In ...
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