Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2168
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Räikkönen Johanna - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are highly effective inhibitors of bone resorption. Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs), such as zoledronic acid, induce the formation of a novel ATP analogue (1-adenosin-5'-yl ester 3-(3-methylbut-3-enyl) ester triphosphoric acid; ApppI), as a consequence of the inhibition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase and the accumulation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate ...
Perdih Andrej - - 2009
The peptidoglycan biosynthetic pathway provides an array of potential targets for antibacterial drug design, attractive especially with respect to selective toxicity. Within this pathway, the members of the Mur ligase family are considered as promising emerging targets for novel antibacterial drug design. Based on the available MurD crystal structures co-crystallised ...
Lodola Alessio - - 2009
FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase) is a promising target for the treatment of several central nervous system and peripheral disorders. Combined QM/MM (quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics) calculations have elucidated the role of its unusual catalytic triad in the hydrolysis of oleamide and oleoylmethyl ester substrates, and have identified the productive inhibitor-binding ...
Katsuma Naoko - - 2009
Twelve N-terminal analogs of des-fatty acyl-polymyxin B (Des-FA-[X(1)]-PMB, X=various amino acids or peptides) were synthesized and examined for their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). It was found that Des-FA-[Dap(1)]-, Des-FA-[Ser(1)]-, Des-FA-[Dab-Dab-Dab(1)]- and Des-FA-[Arg-Arg-Arg(1)]-PMB had potent activity only against P. ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2009
Previous systematic structure-activity studies of the desferrithiocin (DFT) platform have allowed the design and synthesis of analogues and derivatives of DFT that retain the exceptional iron-clearing activity of the parent, while eliminating its adverse effects. We hypothesized that a similar approach could be adopted to identify DFT-related analogues that could ...
Sadikoglou Eldem - - 2009
In the present work, a series of conjugates of amino acids with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and shorter polyene chain analogues were rationally designed, synthesized by coupling the succinimidyl active esters of the acidic retinoids with appropriately protected amino acids or peptides followed by deprotection, and examined for their possible effect ...
Huang Liliang - - 2009
Two series of novel bile acid tridentate conjugates with different linkers were synthesized and characterized, and their biological activities in vitro were evaluated. The procedure was straightforward and efficient to be carried out with high overall yield. The antimicrobial activity of the synthesized compounds against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus niger, Escherichia ...
Birch Alan M - - 2009
Inhibition of DGAT-1 is increasingly seen as an attractive mechanism with the potential for treatment of obesity and other elements of the metabolic syndrome. We report here a bicyclooctaneacetic acid derivative in the pyrimidinooxazine structural class of DGAT-1 inhibitors that has good potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic characteristics across a variety ...
Zhang Liuyin - - 2009
Conjugated polyamines are potential carriers for biotherapeutics targeting the central nervous system. We describe an efficient synthesis of a polyamine-based amino acid, lysine-trimethylene(diNosyl)-spermine(triBoc) with Dde or Fmoc orthogonal protecting groups. This nonnatural amino acid was incorporated into a neurotensin analogue using standard Fmoc-based protocols. The analogue maintained high affinity and ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2009
For currently unknown reasons, the evolution of CYP3A4 underwent acceleration in the human lineage after the split from chimpanzee. We investigated the significance of this event by comparing Escherichia coli-expressed CYP3A4 from humans, chimpanzee, and their most recent common ancestor. The expression level of chimpanzee CYP3A4 was approximately 50% of ...
Zhang Liuyin - - 2009
Introduction of lipoamino acid (LAA), Lys-palmitoyl, and cationization into a series of galanin analogues yielded systemically active anticonvulsant compounds. To study the relationship between the LAA structure and anticonvulsant activity, orthogonally protected LAAs were synthesized in which the Lys side chain was coupled to fatty acids varying in length from ...
Crane Christine M - - 2009
The synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of vancomycin aglycon analogues bearing alternative residue 1 N-methyl-D-amino acids are described. The analogues were prepared to define whether H-bonding d-amino acids could improve the affinity for the model ligands N,N'-Ac(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala (2) and N,N'-Ac(2)-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Lac (3) and improve antimicrobial activity against vancomycin-sensitive or ...
Bovens Stefanie - - 2009
The indole ring systems of the cytosolic phospholipase A(2)alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) inhibitor 1-[3-(4-octylphenoxy)-2-oxopropyl]indole-5-carboxylic acid (2) and the isomeric 6-carboxylic acid (3) were replaced by benzimidazole, benzotriazole and indazole scaffolds, respectively. The effect of the structural variations on cPLA(2)alpha inhibitory potency, metabolic stability and solubility was studied. The lead 2 and the ...
Jensen Anders A - - 2009
The discovery of the first class of subtype-selective inhibitors of the human excitatory amino acid transporter subtype 1 (EAAT1) and its rat orthologue GLAST is reported. An opening structure-activity relationship of 25 analogues is presented that addresses the influence of substitutions at the 4- and 7-positions of the parental skeleton ...
Lee Patricia J - - 2009
The importance of fatty acids to the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, and differences due to a type I fatty acid synthesis (FAS) pathway in the parasite, make it an attractive drug target. In the present study, we developed and a utilized a pharmacophore to select compounds for testing against ...
Xie Lijuan - - 2009
A family of 8-oxo-8H-acenaphtho[1,2-b]pyrrole-9-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized as a result of our efforts to modify a series of acenaphthopyrrole aromatic-heterocycle compounds that proved to be potent anticancer drugs. Among the derivatives, 3d (3-(dimethylamino-propylamino)-8-oxo-8H-acenaphtho-[1,2-b]pyrrole-9-carboxylic acid) and 3g (3-piperidine-8-oxo-8H-acenaphtho-[1,2-b]pyrrole-9-carboxylic acid) showed potential anticancer activity and different action mechanism from our previously ...
Tsai Ting-Yueh - - 2009
A series of (2S)-cyanopyrrolidines with glutamic acid derivatives at the P2 site have been prepared and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV). The structure-activity relationships (SAR) led to the discovery of potent 3-substituted glutamic acid analogues, providing enhanced chemical stability and excellent selectivity over the closely related enzymes, ...
Naydenova Emilia D - - 2010
Aminophosphonic acids are an important group of medicinal compounds, and their synthesis has been a focus of considerable attention in synthetic organic chemistry as well as medicinal chemistry. Although the phosphonic and carboxylic acid groups differ considerably with respect to shape, size, and acidity, alpha-aminophosphonic acids are considered to be ...
McNamara Peter J - - 2009
Menstrual toxic shock syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening illness manifest through the actions of Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1). Previous studies have shown that tampon additives can influence staphylococcal TSST-1 production. We report here on the TSST-1-suppressing activity of 34 compounds that are commonly used ...
Van Zandt Michael C - - 2009
Efforts to identify treatments for chronic diabetic complications have resulted in the discovery of a novel series of highly potent and selective [3-(4,5,7-trifluoro-benzothiazol-2-ylmethyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-1-yl]acetic acid aldose reductase inhibitors. The lead candidate, [6-methyl-3-(4,5,7-trifluoro-benzothiazol-2-ylmethyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-1-yl]acetic acid example 16, inhibits aldose reductase with an IC50 of 8 nM, while being inactive against aldehyde reductase (IC50>100 ...
Brummond Kay M - - 2009
Ribonuclease H (RNase H) is an essential component to the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and only a few inhibitors of this enzyme are known. Millenia Hope Pharmaceuticals Inc. found that (-)-1,3,5-tri-O-caffeoylquinic acid is a potent RNase H inhibitor and antiviral agent. A facile route leading to this inhibitor ...
Maschauer Simone - - 2009
A series of 'clickable' mannopyranosides bearing a triflate leaving group at C-2 position were synthesized and tested for their potential as (18)F-labeling precursors. 3,4,6-Tri-O-acetyl-2-O-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-beta-D-mannopyranosyl azide (2beta) was the most convenient precursor for a site-specific and reliable click chemistry-based three-step, two-pot concomitant (18)F-labeling and glycosylation of an alkyne-functionalized amino acid derivative.
Bressel Bettina - - 2009
A new stereoselective and potentially very flexible (C(5) + C(3) + C(1)) approach to neuraminic acid derivatives and analogues has been established using enantiopure nitrones and alkoxyallenes as C(3) and C(1) building blocks. Substituent OR(2) in position 4 of neuraminic acid analogues is defined by the alkoxyallene employed for the ...
Chandregowda Venkateshappa - - 2009
Several benzamide derivatives were synthesized from anacardic acid (1a) which was the product of hydrogenation of the naturally occurring anacardic acid mixture (1a-d), a major constituent of cashew nut shell liquid. Anacardic acid (1a) was first alkylated followed by hydrolysis of the ester to obtain synthones namely, 2-ethoxy-6-pentadecylbenzoic acid (5) ...
Ul-Haq Zaheer- - - 2009
Urease (EC 3.5.1.5) serves as a virulence factor in pathogens that are responsible for the development of many diseases in humans and animals. Urease allows soil microorganisms to use urea as a source of nitrogen and aid in the rapid break down of urea-based fertilizers resulting in phytopathicity. It has ...
Classen-Houben Dirk - - 2009
Elevated cortisol concentrations have been associated with metabolic diseases such as diabetes type 2 and obesity. 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1, catalyzing the conversion of inactive 11-ketoglucocorticoids into their active 11beta-hydroxy forms, plays an important role in the regulation of cortisol levels within specific tissues. The selective inhibition of 11beta-HSD1 ...
Abdel-Rahman Hamdy M - - 2009
A series of fluorinated 1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxylic acid derivatives was designed and synthesized as fluoroquinolone analogues. The synthesized compounds were screened against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)R(v) strain at 6.25 microg/mL concentration. Compound 4, the 7-oxo-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,7-dihydro-1,2,4-triazolo[5,1-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxylic acid was found to be a very potent inhibitor, being able to inhibit 92% growth of M. tuberculosis ...
Senthilkumar Palaniappan - - 2009
Fifty one newer 1-(cyclopropyl/2,4-difluorophenyl/tert-butyl)-1,4-dihydro-8-methyl-6-nitro-4-oxo-7-(substituted secondary amino)quinoline-3-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 1,3-dichloro-2-methylbenzene and evaluated for in-vitro antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC(2)). Among the synthesized compounds, 1-cyclopropyl-1,4-dihydro-7-(3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)-8-methyl-6-nitro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid 9p was found to be the most active compound in vitro with a ...
Magoulas George - - 2009
Novel mono- and diacylated spermines, readily obtained using isolable succinimidyl active esters of acidic retinoids for the selective acylation of free spermine or in situ activated acidic retinoids for acylating selectively protected spermine followed by deprotection, were shown to inhibit the ribozyme ribonuclease P more strongly than the parent retinoids.
Hirata Yoshihiko - - 2009
Sophorolipids (SLs) naturally produced from Candida bombicola are a mixture of lactonic (SL-lactone) and acidic (SL-acid) sophorosides of 17-L-hydroxydecanoic acid with an SL-lactone:SL-acid ratio of 72:28. SLs are biodegradable low-foaming surfactants with high detergency and hardness-tolerance properties. To analyze the effect of the SL-lactone:SL-acid ratio on these properties, SL-LXs containing ...
Zhang Yao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Boswellic acid is a type of triterpenoids with antiinflammatory and antiproliferative properties. Sphingomyelin metabolism generates multiple lipid signals affecting cell proliferation, inflammation, and apoptosis. Upregulation of acid sphingomyelinase (SMase) has been found in several inflammation-related diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, atherosclerosis, and diabetes. METHODS: The present study is ...
Akiyama Koichi - - 2009
The antimicrobial activity of all stereoisomers of morinols A and B was tested. All stereoisomers of morinols A and B showed antifungal activity against Alternaria alternata, especially (-)-morinol B which showed the strongest activity. The natural component, (+)-morinol A, and unnatural stereoisomer, (7S,7'S,8R,8'R)-morinol B, showed antibacterial activity against the gram-positive ...
Chen Qingqi - - 2009
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid is a natural occurring lignan mainly isolated and commercially produced from desert plant, creosote bush (Larrea divaricata Cav. Or Corillea tridentate), which can be widely found in the border zone of southern of USA and northern of Mexico. During past 100 years, extensive research has demonstrated that nordihydroguaiaretic ...
Ghorab Mostafa M - - 2009
Various isomeric structural purine analogues possessing the pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine nucleus bearing amino acid moieties have been synthesized. The structures of the synthesized compounds were elucidated by spectral data. Preliminary testing for in vitro anticancer activity of the synthesized compounds against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells was carried out. 2-(1-Phenyl-1H-pyrazolo [3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino)-propanoic acid (3 ...
Kim Jahye - - 2009
Concomitant administration of certain fluoroquinolone antimicrobials and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents (NSAIDs) induces serious convulsion in humans. There are differences in convulsive activity among fluoroquinolones and in the potentiation of fluoroquinolone-induced convulsion among NSAIDs, but a comprehensive, quantitative comparison has not been carried out. This study evaluates the inhibitory effects of ...
Kim Soon-Ai - - 2009
Novel oxygen-incorporated SAHA (oxa-SAHA) analogues, in which oxygen was inserted in the alkyl linker connecting the hydroxamic acid moiety and amide group, were synthesized and their inhibitory activities on histone deacetylase were evaluated. The most active oxa-SAHA analogue potently inhibited histone deacetylase, almost as potently as SAHA. Various structural modifications ...
Batovska Daniela I - - 2009
The antibacterial activity of the medium chain fatty acids and their 1-monoglycerides was evaluated towards several Gram-positive strains belonging to the genera Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Listeria and Streptococcus. The 1-monoglycerides were more active than the fatty acids with monolaurin being the most active compound. Interesting effects were observed when the ...
Lu Yang Y Center of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Jiangsu, - - 2009
Glycyrrhetinic acid, the active metabolite of glycyrrhizin, is primarily eliminated by glucuronidation reaction in vivo. In spite of the widespread clinical use of glycyrrhizin, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms involved in the glucuronidation of this drug are still unknown. This report identifies and characterizes the UGT isoforms responsible for glycyrrhetinic acid glucuronidation. ...
Mizushina Yoshiyuki - - 2009
We previously isolated a novel natural product, designated kohamaic acid A (KA-A, compound 1), as an inhibitor of the first cleavage of fertilized sea urchin eggs, and found that this compound could selectively inhibit the activities of mammalian DNA polymerases (pols). In this paper, we investigated the structure and bioactivity ...
Koeberle Andreas - - 2008
Dual inhibition of the prostaglandin (PG) and leukotriene (LT) biosynthetic pathway is supposed to be superior over single interference, both in terms of efficacy and side effects. Here, we present a novel class of dual microsomal PGE(2) synthase-1/5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitors based on the structure of pirinixic acid [PA, 2-(4-chloro-6-(2,3-dimethylphenylamino)pyrimidin-2-ylthio)acetic acid, ...
Muro Fumihito - - 2009
During the course of our study, it was revealed that the poor pharmacokinetic properties of a series of benzoic acid derivatives such as 1 should be attributed to the diphenylurea moiety. Thus, we replaced the diphenylurea moiety in 1 with a 2-(2-methylphenylamino)benzoxazole moiety which mimics the diphenylurea structure. However, this ...
Zheng Chang-Ji - - 2008
Aceriphyllum rossii Engler (Saxifragaceae) have been used as a nutritious food in Korea. We found that the methanol extract of the root portion of A. rossii potently inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus , with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 8 microg/mL. Using mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic ...
Tang Luhong - - 2009
The monopalmityloxy shikimic acids have been synthesized from shikimic acid and palmitic acid catalyzed by Novozym 435 in 2-methyl-2-butanol. The anticoagulation activity in vivo via oral administration of monopalmityloxy shikimic acid has been evaluated through arteriovenous shunt model of rats and through the determination of thrombin time, prothrombin time, and ...
Zhang Yong - - 2009
The involvement of mu-calpain in neurological disorders, such as stroke and Alzheimer's disease has attracted considerable interest in the use of calpain inhibitors as therapeutic agents. 4-Aryl-4-oxobutanoic acid amide derivatives 4 were designed as acyclic variants of mu-calpain inhibitory chromone and quinolinone derivatives. Of the compounds synthesized, 4c-2, which possesses ...
Kaplancikli Zafer A - - 2008
The increasing clinical importance of drug-resistant mycobacterial pathogens, especially Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has lent additional urgency to microbiological research and new antimycobacterial compound development. For this purpose, new hydrazide derivatives of imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine were synthesized and evaluated for antituberculosis activity. The reaction of 2-[(2-carboxyimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-yl)sulfanyl]acetic acid hydrazide with various benzaldehydes gave N-(arylidene)-2-[(2-carboxyimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-yl)sulfanyl]acetic acid ...
Tanaka Reiko - - 2008
Natural resin acids present in rosin of Pinus spez., including isopimaric acid (1), mercusic acid (2), neoabietic acid (3), dehydroabietic acid (4), and podocarpic acid (8), as well as resin acid derivatives 8β,9α,13α-H-tetrahydroabietic acid (5), 8α,9α,13α-H-tetrahydroabietic acid (6), 13α-H-Δ(8)-dihydroabietic acid (7), maleopimaric acid (9), and fumaropimaric acid (10), were studied ...
Low Eddy - - 2009
2-Dichloroamino-2-methyl-propane-1-sulfonic acid sodium salt (2a), a stable derivative of endogenous N,N-dichlorotaurine (1), has been identified and is under development as a topical antimicrobial agent. Structure-activity relationships of analogs were explored to achieve optimal antimicrobial activity with minimal mammalian toxicity while maintaining the desired stability. All the analogs synthesized showed antimicrobial ...
Simoni Daniele - - 2008
A small series of aminobisphosphonates (N-BPs) structurally related to zoledronic acid was synthesized with the aim of improving activity toward activation of human gammadelta T cells and in turn their in vivo antitumor activity. The absence of the 1-OH moiety, together with the position and the different basicity of the ...
van Wyk Marianne - - 2008
N-Substituted pantothenamides are a class of pantothenic acid analogues which have been shown to act as inhibitors of coenzyme A biosynthesis and utilization, especially by blocking fatty acid metabolism through formation of inactive acyl carrier proteins. To fully explore the chemical diversity and inhibitory potential of these analogues we have ...
Pingali Harikishore - - 2008
Oxazole containing glycine and oximinobutyric acid derivatives were synthesized as PPARalpha agonists by incorporating polymethylene spacer as a replacement of commonly used phenylene group that connects the acidic head with lipophilic tail. Compound 13a was found to be a selective and potent PPARalpha agonist. Further 1,3-dioxane-2-carboxylic acid derivative 20 was ...
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