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Results 351 - 400 of 2159
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Popovici-Muller Janeta - - 2009
The present paper describes a novel series of HCV RNA polymerase inhibitors based on a pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine scaffold bearing hydrophobic groups and an acidic functionality. Several compounds were optimized to low nanomolar potencies in a biochemical RdRp assay. SAR trends clearly reveal a stringent preference for a cyclohexyl group as one ...
Gillner Danuta - - 2009
The dapE-encoded N-succinyl-L,L-diaminopimelic acid desuccinylase (DapE) is a critical bacterial enzyme for the construction of the bacterial cell wall. A screen biased toward compounds containing zinc-binding groups (ZBG's) including thiols, carboxylic acids, boronic acids, phosphonates and hydroxamates has delivered a number of micromolar inhibitors of DapE from Haemophilus influenzae, including ...
Crow J Allen JA Center for Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Matthew Ross, P.O. Box 6100, Mississippi State, MS 39762, - - 2010
Two major isoforms of human carboxylesterases (CEs) are found in metabolically active tissues, CES1 and CES2. These hydrolytic enzymes are involved in xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. CES1 is abundantly expressed in human liver and monocytes/macrophages, including the THP1 cell line; CES2 is expressed in liver but not in monocytes/macrophages. The ...
Casimiro-Garcia Agustin - - 2009
The synthesis of a new series of phenylpropanoic acid derivatives incorporating an heteroaryl group at the alpha-position and their evaluation for binding and activation of PPARalpha and PPARgamma are presented in this report. Among the new compounds, (S)-3-{4-[3-(5-methyl-2-phenyl-oxazol-4-yl)-propyl]-phenyl}-2-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl-propionic acid (17j), was identified as a potent human PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist (EC(50)=0.013 ...
Podstawka Edyta - - 2009
Here, we report a systematic surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) study of the structures of phosphonate derivatives of the N-heterocyclic aromatic compounds imidazole (ImMeP ([hydroxy(1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl]phosphonic acid) and (ImMe)(2)P (bis[hydroxy-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-methyl]phosphinic acid)), thiazole (BAThMeP (butylaminothiazol-2-yl-methyl)phosphonic acid) and BzAThMeP (benzylaminothiazol-2-yl-methyl)phosphonic acid)), and pyridine ((PyMe)(2)P (bis[(hydroxypyridin-3-yl-methyl)]phosphinic acid)) adsorbed on nanometer-sized colloidal particles. We compared these ...
Higgins Catherine A - - 2009
In this paper, we report the synthesis and biological activity of a series of dihydroisocoumarin analogues conjugated with fatty acids, alcohols, or amines, of varying hydrocarbon chain length and degree of unsaturation, to the dihydroisocoumarins, kigelin and mellein, at the C-7 and C-8 positions on the core dihydroisocoumarin structure. These ...
Vacondio Federica - - 2009
Cyclohexylcarbamic acid aryl esters are a class of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors, which includes the reference compound URB597. The reactivity of their carbamate fragment is involved in pharmacological activity and may affect their pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties. We conducted in vitro stability experiments in chemical and biological environments ...
Falck J R - - 2009
All-cis-14,15-epoxyeicosa-5,8,11-trienoic acid (14,15-EET) is a labile, vasodilatory eicosanoid generated from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases. A series of robust, partially saturated analogues containing epoxide bioisosteres were synthesized and evaluated for relaxation of precontracted bovine coronary artery rings and for in vitro inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). Depending upon ...
Wang Tsing-Hai - - 2010
In this study, the performance of phosphoric acid activated montmorillonite (PAmmt) was evaluated by cesium ions adsorption experiments. The PAmmt samples were obtained by activating with 1, 3 and 5 mol L(-1) of phosphoric acid, respectively under reflux for 3, 12, and 24h. Experimental results demonstrated that the treatment of ...
Spelman Kevin - - 2009
Certain fatty acid amides from Echinacea spp. have demonstrated moderate to high cannabinoid activity. As a result, CB2 activation is currently hypothesized to be the basis of activity for immunomodulation by Echinacea spp. PPARgamma, an orphan nuclear receptor and lipid sensor, is known to inhibit IL-2 production and be activated ...
Honda N K - - 2010
We describe here the extraction and identification of several classes of phenolic compounds from the lichens Parmotrema dilatatum (Vain.) Hale, Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale, Pseudoparmelia sphaerospora (Nyl.) Hale and Usnea subcavata (Motyka) and determined their anti-tubercular activity. The depsides (atranorin, diffractaic and lecanoric acids), depsidones (protocetraric, salazinic, hypostictic and norstictic ...
Sato Motohide - - 2009
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase is a crucial target for antiretroviral drugs, and several keto-enol acid class (often referred to as diketo acid class) inhibitors have clinically exhibited marked antiretroviral activity. Here, we show the synthesis and the detailed structure-activity relationship of the quinolone carboxylic acids as a ...
Wyffels Leonie - - 2009
Fatty acid amide hydrolyase (FAAH) is one of the main enzymes responsible for terminating the signaling of endocannabinoids in the brain. Imaging FAAH in vivo using PET or SPECT is important to deeper understanding of its role in neuropsychiatric disorders. However, at present, no radioligand is available for mapping the ...
Kitaoka Naoki - - 2009
Stereochemically restricted analogues of C-7 substituted 7-epi-jasmonate, together with 12-hydroxy jasmonic acid, 12-hydroxy jasmonic acid glucoside, and jasmonic acid conjugated with L-isoleucine (JA-Ile), were synthesized and then tested for potato tuber cell expansion-inducing activity. JA-Ile showed almost the same activity as JA, while the C-7 substituted 7-epi-jasmonates exhibited weaker activity ...
Kawaguchi Yuya - - 2009
The relationship between the stereochemistry and antimicrobial activity of butane-type lignans was clarified. All stereoisomers of dihydroguaiaretic acid (DGA) showed both antibacterial and antifungal activity. The (+)- and (-)-7,7'-dioxodihydroguaiaretic acid (ODGA) also showed both antibacterial and antifungal activity, while meso-ODGA did not show antibacterial activity, but showed antifungal activity. No ...
Hurtado Marcela - - 2009
The intrinsic acidity of cyclopenta-2,4-dienylborane and its Al and Ga analogues has been compared to that of cyclopentadiene by means of B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p)//CCSD/6-311+G(d,p) calculations. Substitution of one of the H atoms of the C(sp(3))H(2) group of cyclopentadiene by an XH(2) (X = B, Al, Ga) leads to an acidity enhancement which ...
Sreelatha Thonthula - - 2009
A series of plumbagin derivatives (4a-4k) containing an amino acid moiety were synthesized under mild esterification conditions in excellent yields (35%-80%) and screened for their antifeedant activities in tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura) and castor semilooper (Achaea janata) using a no-choice laboratory bioassay. The parent compound plumbagin lacked significant activity, but ...
Panchal Terry - - 2009
A variety of basic, heterocyclic templates has been reported as potassium-competitive, acid pump antagonists. Herein, we report a comparison of potencies of these templates and others to establish which offers the best start point for further systematic optimisation. Modifications were carried out to improve the developability profile of the more ...
Wang Peng - - 2009
A series of nitrogen-containing polyhydroxylated aromatics from caffeic acid phenethyl ester were designed and synthesized as HIV-1 integrase inhibitors. Most of these compounds exhibited potent inhibitory activities at micromolar concentrations against HIV-1 integrase in the 3'-end processing and the strand transfer. Their key structure-activity relationship was also discussed.
Ni Nanting - - 2009
Bacterial quorum sensing refers to the ability of bacteria to control gene expression through the detection of a threshold concentration of certain chemicals called autoinducer(s), which are secreted by self and/or other bacteria. Quorum sensing is implicated in the regulation of pathologically relevant events such as biofilm formation, virulence, conjugation, ...
Sasaki Takahide - - 2009
A series of novel 2-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Screening of our corporate chemical collections against ELOVL6 resulted in the identification of lead 1. Exploratory chemistry efforts were applied to lead 1 to identify the orally available, potent, and selective ...
Hafez Hend N - - 2009
Chlorosulfonation of 3-methyl[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidine with chlorosulfonic acid in the presence of thionyl chloride was studied. When triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidines are used as substrates, the substitution occurs at C-6. Also the reactivity of the hydrazides (7) towards aldehydes, thioglycolic acid and amines were studies. The newly prepared compounds 10a,d and 11a,d demonstrated inhibitory effects ...
Antipenko Lyudmila - - 2009
A series of novel ([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-2-ylthio)carboxylic acids 2a-d and esters 3a-l were synthesized and evaluated for antimicrobial activity. Alkylation of potassium 2-thio-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline 1 with halogenocarboxylic acids and its esters proceeded S-regioselectively. During acid catalyzed esterification of 2a-c, degradation of the pyrimidine ring was observed. The structures of the compounds were elucidated ...
Kasuga Jun-Ichi - - 2009
A series of 3-(4-alkoxypheny)propanoic acid derivatives was prepared as candidate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) delta-selective agonists, based on our previously discovered potent human PPARalpha/delta dual agonist TIPP-401 as a lead compound. Structure-activity relationship studies clearly indicated the importance of the chain length of the alkoxy group at the 4-position, and ...
Zhang Shu-Yan - - 2009
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a potential target for cancer, but potent inhibitors against FAS are scarce. In this study, we found that activities of catechins on inhibiting FAS increased greatly by heating them in acid. The enhancement was positively correlated to H(+) concentration. The inhibitory activities of the final ...
Shahar Yar M - - 2009
Several substituted phenoxy acetic acid derived pyrazolines were synthesized by the reaction between 2-{4-[3-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propenyl]-2-methoxyphenoxy} acetic acid and substituted acid hydrazides and were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity and antiviral activity. None of the compounds showed any specific antiviral activity [50% antivirally effective concentration (EC(50)) > or = 5-fold lower ...
Forster Laura - - 2009
A fluorescent assay for the evaluation of inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is described. Microsomes from rat brain served as enzyme source. N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-4-pyren-1-ylbutanamide was designed and synthesized as novel fluorogenic substrate. For substrate solubilization, Triton X-100 was employed. The FAAH activity was determined directly without further sample clean-up ...
Takahashi Toshiyuki - - 2009
Novel indoledione derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Systematic optimization of an indole class of lead 1 led to the identification of potent ELOVL6 selective inhibitors. Representative inhibitor 37 showed sustained plasma exposure and good liver penetrability in mice. After oral administration, ...
Hara Takafumi - - 2009
GPR120 and GPR40 are G-protein-coupled receptors whose endogenous ligands are medium- and long-chain free fatty acids, and they are thought to play an important physiological role in insulin release. Despite recent progress in understanding their roles, much still remains unclear about their pharmacology, and few specific ligands for GPR120 and ...
Zettl Heiko - - 2009
A novel and robust scaffold for highly active PPARalpha agonists based on the 2-mercaptohexanoic acid substructure is presented. Systematic structural variation of the substitution pattern of the phenolic backbone yielded detailed SAR especially of ortho and meta substituents. We corroborated the importance of the sulfur atom as well as of ...
Koch Michael - - 2009
Lipophilic fractions of stem extracts from Exocarpos latifolius, native to Papua New Guinea, showed significant activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra. Bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded exocarpic acid (E-octadeca-13-ene-9,11-diynoic-acid) as the major active component. Several new exocarpic acid analogs were also shown to be active. Exocarpic acid has previously been reported active against ...
Suzuki Nobuaki - - 2009
Guided by the proposed catalytic mechanism of histone deacetylases (HDACs), we designed and synthesized a series of boronic acid-based HDAC inhibitors bearing an alpha-amino acid moiety. In this series, compounds (S)-18, 20, and 21 showed potent HDAC-inhibitory activity, highlighting the significance of the (S)-amino acid moiety. In cancer cell growth ...
Vaubourgeix Julien - - 2009
S-Adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferases (AdoMet-MTs) constitute a large family of enzymes specifically transferring a methyl group to a range of biologically active molecules. Mycobacterium tuberculosis produces a set of paralogous AdoMet-MTs responsible for introducing key chemical modifications at defined positions of mycolic acids, which are essential and specific components of the mycobacterial ...
Innocenti Alessio - - 2009
An activation study of the membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoform XV with a series of natural and non-natural amino acids and aromatic/heterocyclic amines is reported. Murine CA XV was strongly activated by some amino acids (d-Phe, l-/d-DOPA, d-Trp, l-Tyr) and amines (dopamine, serotonin, l-adrenaline and 4-(2-aminoethyl)-morpholine) with activation ...
Choe Dong-Hwan - - 2009
One of the most conspicuous and stereotyped activities of social insects such as ants and honey bees is necrophoresis, the removal of dead colony members from the nest. Previous researchers suggested that decomposition products such as fatty acids trigger necrophoric behavior by ant workers. However, fatty acids elicit both foraging ...
Riva Elena - - 2009
A continuous flow tubing reactor can be used to readily transform methyl or ethyl carboxylic esters into the corresponding hydroxamic acids. Flow rate, reactor volume, and temperature were optimized for the preparation of a small collection of hydroxamic acids. Synthetic advantages were identified as an increased reaction rate and higher ...
de Jong Esther - - 2009
The embryonic stem cell test (EST) has been proposed as an in vitro assay that might reduce animal experimentation in regulatory developmental toxicology. So far, evaluation of the EST was not performed using compounds within distinct chemical classes. Evaluation within a distinct class of chemically related compounds can define the ...
Tapadar Subhasish - - 2009
A series of hydroxamic acid based histone deacetylase inhibitors 6-15, containing an isoxazole moiety adjacent to the Zn-chelating hydroxamic acid, is reported herein. Some of these compounds showed nanomolar activity in the HDAC isoform inhibitory assay and exhibited micro molar inhibitory activity against five pancreatic cancer cell lines.
Liu Shubin - - 2009
An effective approach of estimating molecular pK(a) values from simple density functional calculations is proposed in this work. Both the molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) at the nucleus of the acidic atom and the sum of valence natural atomic orbitals are employed for three categories of compounds, amines and anilines, carbonyl ...
Song Zhong-Cheng - - 2009
Nine 2-arylthiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid derivatives and nine 3-tert-butoxycarbonyl-2-arylthiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized to screen for their antibacterial activities. Compounds 5, 14-18 were first reported. Their chemical structures were clearly determined by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, ESI mass spectra and elemental analyses, coupled with one selected single-crystal structure. All the compounds were ...
Winum Jean-Yves - - 2009
A series of aromatic, arylalkenyl- and arylalkyl boronic acids were assayed as inhibitors of four physiologically relevant carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms, the cytosolic human (h) hCA I and II, and the transmembrane, tumor-associated hCA IX and XII. The best hCA I and II inhibitor was biphenyl boronic acid ...
Räikkönen Johanna - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are highly effective inhibitors of bone resorption. Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs), such as zoledronic acid, induce the formation of a novel ATP analogue (1-adenosin-5'-yl ester 3-(3-methylbut-3-enyl) ester triphosphoric acid; ApppI), as a consequence of the inhibition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase and the accumulation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate ...
Perdih Andrej - - 2009
The peptidoglycan biosynthetic pathway provides an array of potential targets for antibacterial drug design, attractive especially with respect to selective toxicity. Within this pathway, the members of the Mur ligase family are considered as promising emerging targets for novel antibacterial drug design. Based on the available MurD crystal structures co-crystallised ...
Lodola Alessio - - 2009
FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase) is a promising target for the treatment of several central nervous system and peripheral disorders. Combined QM/MM (quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics) calculations have elucidated the role of its unusual catalytic triad in the hydrolysis of oleamide and oleoylmethyl ester substrates, and have identified the productive inhibitor-binding ...
Katsuma Naoko - - 2009
Twelve N-terminal analogs of des-fatty acyl-polymyxin B (Des-FA-[X(1)]-PMB, X=various amino acids or peptides) were synthesized and examined for their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). It was found that Des-FA-[Dap(1)]-, Des-FA-[Ser(1)]-, Des-FA-[Dab-Dab-Dab(1)]- and Des-FA-[Arg-Arg-Arg(1)]-PMB had potent activity only against P. ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2009
Previous systematic structure-activity studies of the desferrithiocin (DFT) platform have allowed the design and synthesis of analogues and derivatives of DFT that retain the exceptional iron-clearing activity of the parent, while eliminating its adverse effects. We hypothesized that a similar approach could be adopted to identify DFT-related analogues that could ...
Sadikoglou Eldem - - 2009
In the present work, a series of conjugates of amino acids with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and shorter polyene chain analogues were rationally designed, synthesized by coupling the succinimidyl active esters of the acidic retinoids with appropriately protected amino acids or peptides followed by deprotection, and examined for their possible effect ...
Huang Liliang - - 2009
Two series of novel bile acid tridentate conjugates with different linkers were synthesized and characterized, and their biological activities in vitro were evaluated. The procedure was straightforward and efficient to be carried out with high overall yield. The antimicrobial activity of the synthesized compounds against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Aspergillus niger, Escherichia ...
Birch Alan M - - 2009
Inhibition of DGAT-1 is increasingly seen as an attractive mechanism with the potential for treatment of obesity and other elements of the metabolic syndrome. We report here a bicyclooctaneacetic acid derivative in the pyrimidinooxazine structural class of DGAT-1 inhibitors that has good potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic characteristics across a variety ...
Zhang Liuyin - - 2009
Conjugated polyamines are potential carriers for biotherapeutics targeting the central nervous system. We describe an efficient synthesis of a polyamine-based amino acid, lysine-trimethylene(diNosyl)-spermine(triBoc) with Dde or Fmoc orthogonal protecting groups. This nonnatural amino acid was incorporated into a neurotensin analogue using standard Fmoc-based protocols. The analogue maintained high affinity and ...
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