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Results 351 - 400 of 2178
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Patel Sarjubhai A - - 2010
Analogues of amino methylisoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), were prepared from a common intermediate 12, including lipophilic analogues using lateral metalation and electrophilic quenching, and were evaluated at System xc-. Both the 5-naphthylethyl-(16) and 5-naphthylmethoxymethyl-(17) analogues adopt an E-conformation in the solid state, yet while the former has robust binding at ...
Silva Marcelo - - 2009
Mixed micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) or dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTABr) and the alpha-nucleophile, lauryl hydroxamic acid (LHA) accelerate dephosphorylation of bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl)phosphate (BDNPP) over the pH range 4-10. With a 0.1 mole fraction of LHA in DTABr or CTABr, dephosphorylation of BDNPP is approximately 10(4)-fold faster than its spontaneous hydrolysis, and ...
Magafa Vassiliki - - 2010
We report the solid phase synthesis and some pharmacological properties of 24 oxytocin (OT) analogues. Basic modifications at position 9 (introduction of L- or D-beta-(2-thienyl)-alanine [L- or D-Thi], or L- or D-3-Pyridylalanine [L- or D-3-Pal]) were combined with D-tyrosine(OEthyl) [D-Tyr(Et)] or D-1-naphthylalanine [D-1-Nal] in position 2 and beta-mercaptopropionic acid (Mpa) ...
P?rez-Anes Alexandra - - 2010
The synthesis and characterization of a new series of catanionic multivalent analogs of GalCer is described. These systems are based on phosphonic acid terminated dendrimers and N-hexadecylamino lactitol moieties. Despite important structural differences that affect the dendrimers' outer-shell, these supramolecular assemblies showed a fairly comparable anti-HIV-1 activity. All compounds have ...
Zhu Peiqing - - 2009
A series of 23-hydroxybetulinic acid derivatives were prepared and tested in vitro as a new class of inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase (GP). Within this series of compounds, 12b (IC(50)=3.5 microM) is the most potent GPa inhibitor. The preliminary SAR results of the 23-hydroxybetulinic acid derivatives are discussed.
Dakas Pierre-Yves - - 2009
The resorcylic acid lactones (RAL) are endowed with diverse biological activity ranging from transcription factor modulators (zearalenone and zearalenol) to HSP90 inhibitors (radicicol and pochonin D) and reversible (aigialomycin D) as well as irreversible kinase inhibitors (hypothemycin and other RAL containing a cis-enone). Our interest in broadening the diversity of ...
Escher Beate I - - 2010
Tamiflu (oseltamivir ethylester) is an antiviral agent for the treatment of influenza A and B. The pro-drug Tamiflu is converted in the human body to the pharmacologically active metabolite, oseltamivir acid, with a yield of 75%. Oseltamivir acid is indirectly photodegradable and slowly biodegradable in sewage works and sediment/water systems. ...
Mishra Jitendra Kumar - - 2010
A diverse group of novel medium ring heterocycles derived from naturally abundant proteinogenic amino acids were evaluated for their potency towards antithrombotic activity. The more potent benzofused oxazepine and oxazocine scaffolds were diversified by incorporating different amino acids at the position number 3. Further the effect of ring size has ...
Uto Yoshikazu - - 2010
Starting from a known piperazine-based SCD-1 inhibitor, we obtained more potent benzoylpiperidine analogs. Optimization of the structure of the benzoylpiperidine-based SCD-1 inhibitors resulted in the identification of 6-[4-(2-methylbenzoyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridazine-3-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxy-2-pyridin-3-yl-ethyl)amide (24) which showed strong inhibitory activity against both human and murine SCD-1. In addition, this compound exhibited good oral bioavailability ...
Narita Koichi - - 2009
The bicyclic depsipeptide histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors spiruchostatins A and B, 5''-epi-spiruchostatin B and FK228 were efficiently synthesized in a convergent and unified manner. The synthetic method involved the following crucial steps: i) a Julia-Kocienski olefination of a 1,3-propanediol-derived sulfone and a L- or D-malic acid-derived aldehyde to access the ...
Giampietro Letizia - - 2009
A series of 2-heteroarylthioalkanoic acids were synthesized through systematic structural modifications of clofibric acid and evaluated for human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) transactivation activity, with the aim of obtaining new hypolipidemic compounds. Some thiophene and benzothiazole derivatives showing a good activation of the receptor alpha were screened for activity ...
Alemán Carlos - - 2009
The intrinsic conformational preferences of the restricted phenylalanine analogue generated by including the alpha and beta carbon atoms into a cyclohexane ring (1-amino-2-phenylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid, c(6)Phe) have been determined using quantum mechanical calculations. Specifically, the conformational profile of the N-acetyl-N'-methylamide derivative of the c(6)Phe stereoisomers exhibiting either a cis or a ...
Hadjipavlou-Litina Dimitra - - 2010
Ester analogs of the antipsoriatic drug acitretin were synthesized by coupling either anilines with N-protected indole-3-carboxylic acid, followed by deprotection and coupling with O-monoprotected dicarboxylic acids or Wittig reaction of indole-3-carboxaldehyde, 3-acetyl-1-tosylpyrrole and 4-amino-9-fluorenone with Ph3P=CHCO2tBu, followed by N-deprotection, where necessary, and finally coupling with cinnamoyl fluorides. Corresponding free acids ...
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2009
The hitherto unknown (+/-)-4-methoxydecanoic acid was synthesized in six steps and in 25% overall yield starting from commercially available 4-penten-1-ol. The title compound demonstrated seventeen fold higher antifungal activity (MIC = 1.5 mM) against Candida albicans ATCC 60193 and Cryptococcus. neoformans ATCC 66031 when compared to unsubstituted n-decanoic acid. Our ...
Becker Anja - - 2010
A collection of paullones was tested for inhibitory activity against mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (mMDH) as a biological target for antiproliferative activity. Based on the results of this screening, 5-benzylpaullones and paullone-9-carboxylic acid alkyl esters were developed as selective mMDH inhibitors. The new derivatives did not show noteworthy antiproliferative activity when ...
Inglis Steven R - - 2009
Penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) catalyze steps in the biosynthesis of bacterial cell walls and are the targets for the beta-lactam antibiotics. Non-beta-lactam based antibiotics that target PBPs are of interest because bacteria have evolved resistance to the beta-lactam antibiotics. Boronic acids have been developed as inhibitors of the mechanistically related ...
Bexfield A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maggot therapy, utilizing the larvae of Lucilia sericata, has been reported to reduce the bacterial load within wounds and also to enhance wound healing. Maggot excretions/secretions (ES) have been shown to have a role in the success of maggot therapy. While the protein content of ES has been investigated, ...
Rajić Zrinka - - 2009
This paper reports the synthesis of O-methyl and O-ethyl NSAID hydroxamic acids, their antimicrobial activities, and their ability to inhibit urease and soybean lipoxygenase activities. Ibuprofen and fenoprofen hydroxamic acids with free hydroxy groups present the highest antimicrobial activity, while indomethacin and diclofenac analogs show significantly lower antimicrobial activity. Diclofenac ...
Popovici-Muller Janeta - - 2009
The present paper describes a novel series of HCV RNA polymerase inhibitors based on a pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine scaffold bearing hydrophobic groups and an acidic functionality. Several compounds were optimized to low nanomolar potencies in a biochemical RdRp assay. SAR trends clearly reveal a stringent preference for a cyclohexyl group as one ...
Gillner Danuta - - 2009
The dapE-encoded N-succinyl-L,L-diaminopimelic acid desuccinylase (DapE) is a critical bacterial enzyme for the construction of the bacterial cell wall. A screen biased toward compounds containing zinc-binding groups (ZBG's) including thiols, carboxylic acids, boronic acids, phosphonates and hydroxamates has delivered a number of micromolar inhibitors of DapE from Haemophilus influenzae, including ...
Crow J Allen JA Center for Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Matthew Ross, P.O. Box 6100, Mississippi State, MS 39762, - - 2010
Two major isoforms of human carboxylesterases (CEs) are found in metabolically active tissues, CES1 and CES2. These hydrolytic enzymes are involved in xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. CES1 is abundantly expressed in human liver and monocytes/macrophages, including the THP1 cell line; CES2 is expressed in liver but not in monocytes/macrophages. The ...
Casimiro-Garcia Agustin - - 2009
The synthesis of a new series of phenylpropanoic acid derivatives incorporating an heteroaryl group at the alpha-position and their evaluation for binding and activation of PPARalpha and PPARgamma are presented in this report. Among the new compounds, (S)-3-{4-[3-(5-methyl-2-phenyl-oxazol-4-yl)-propyl]-phenyl}-2-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl-propionic acid (17j), was identified as a potent human PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist (EC(50)=0.013 ...
Podstawka Edyta - - 2009
Here, we report a systematic surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) study of the structures of phosphonate derivatives of the N-heterocyclic aromatic compounds imidazole (ImMeP ([hydroxy(1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl]phosphonic acid) and (ImMe)(2)P (bis[hydroxy-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-methyl]phosphinic acid)), thiazole (BAThMeP (butylaminothiazol-2-yl-methyl)phosphonic acid) and BzAThMeP (benzylaminothiazol-2-yl-methyl)phosphonic acid)), and pyridine ((PyMe)(2)P (bis[(hydroxypyridin-3-yl-methyl)]phosphinic acid)) adsorbed on nanometer-sized colloidal particles. We compared these ...
Higgins Catherine A - - 2009
In this paper, we report the synthesis and biological activity of a series of dihydroisocoumarin analogues conjugated with fatty acids, alcohols, or amines, of varying hydrocarbon chain length and degree of unsaturation, to the dihydroisocoumarins, kigelin and mellein, at the C-7 and C-8 positions on the core dihydroisocoumarin structure. These ...
Vacondio Federica - - 2009
Cyclohexylcarbamic acid aryl esters are a class of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors, which includes the reference compound URB597. The reactivity of their carbamate fragment is involved in pharmacological activity and may affect their pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties. We conducted in vitro stability experiments in chemical and biological environments ...
Falck J R - - 2009
All-cis-14,15-epoxyeicosa-5,8,11-trienoic acid (14,15-EET) is a labile, vasodilatory eicosanoid generated from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases. A series of robust, partially saturated analogues containing epoxide bioisosteres were synthesized and evaluated for relaxation of precontracted bovine coronary artery rings and for in vitro inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). Depending upon ...
Wang Tsing-Hai - - 2010
In this study, the performance of phosphoric acid activated montmorillonite (PAmmt) was evaluated by cesium ions adsorption experiments. The PAmmt samples were obtained by activating with 1, 3 and 5 mol L(-1) of phosphoric acid, respectively under reflux for 3, 12, and 24h. Experimental results demonstrated that the treatment of ...
Spelman Kevin - - 2009
Certain fatty acid amides from Echinacea spp. have demonstrated moderate to high cannabinoid activity. As a result, CB2 activation is currently hypothesized to be the basis of activity for immunomodulation by Echinacea spp. PPARgamma, an orphan nuclear receptor and lipid sensor, is known to inhibit IL-2 production and be activated ...
Honda N K - - 2010
We describe here the extraction and identification of several classes of phenolic compounds from the lichens Parmotrema dilatatum (Vain.) Hale, Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale, Pseudoparmelia sphaerospora (Nyl.) Hale and Usnea subcavata (Motyka) and determined their anti-tubercular activity. The depsides (atranorin, diffractaic and lecanoric acids), depsidones (protocetraric, salazinic, hypostictic and norstictic ...
Sato Motohide - - 2009
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase is a crucial target for antiretroviral drugs, and several keto-enol acid class (often referred to as diketo acid class) inhibitors have clinically exhibited marked antiretroviral activity. Here, we show the synthesis and the detailed structure-activity relationship of the quinolone carboxylic acids as a ...
Wyffels Leonie - - 2009
Fatty acid amide hydrolyase (FAAH) is one of the main enzymes responsible for terminating the signaling of endocannabinoids in the brain. Imaging FAAH in vivo using PET or SPECT is important to deeper understanding of its role in neuropsychiatric disorders. However, at present, no radioligand is available for mapping the ...
Kitaoka Naoki - - 2009
Stereochemically restricted analogues of C-7 substituted 7-epi-jasmonate, together with 12-hydroxy jasmonic acid, 12-hydroxy jasmonic acid glucoside, and jasmonic acid conjugated with L-isoleucine (JA-Ile), were synthesized and then tested for potato tuber cell expansion-inducing activity. JA-Ile showed almost the same activity as JA, while the C-7 substituted 7-epi-jasmonates exhibited weaker activity ...
Kawaguchi Yuya - - 2009
The relationship between the stereochemistry and antimicrobial activity of butane-type lignans was clarified. All stereoisomers of dihydroguaiaretic acid (DGA) showed both antibacterial and antifungal activity. The (+)- and (-)-7,7'-dioxodihydroguaiaretic acid (ODGA) also showed both antibacterial and antifungal activity, while meso-ODGA did not show antibacterial activity, but showed antifungal activity. No ...
Hurtado Marcela - - 2009
The intrinsic acidity of cyclopenta-2,4-dienylborane and its Al and Ga analogues has been compared to that of cyclopentadiene by means of B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p)//CCSD/6-311+G(d,p) calculations. Substitution of one of the H atoms of the C(sp(3))H(2) group of cyclopentadiene by an XH(2) (X = B, Al, Ga) leads to an acidity enhancement which ...
Sreelatha Thonthula - - 2009
A series of plumbagin derivatives (4a-4k) containing an amino acid moiety were synthesized under mild esterification conditions in excellent yields (35%-80%) and screened for their antifeedant activities in tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura) and castor semilooper (Achaea janata) using a no-choice laboratory bioassay. The parent compound plumbagin lacked significant activity, but ...
Panchal Terry - - 2009
A variety of basic, heterocyclic templates has been reported as potassium-competitive, acid pump antagonists. Herein, we report a comparison of potencies of these templates and others to establish which offers the best start point for further systematic optimisation. Modifications were carried out to improve the developability profile of the more ...
Wang Peng - - 2009
A series of nitrogen-containing polyhydroxylated aromatics from caffeic acid phenethyl ester were designed and synthesized as HIV-1 integrase inhibitors. Most of these compounds exhibited potent inhibitory activities at micromolar concentrations against HIV-1 integrase in the 3'-end processing and the strand transfer. Their key structure-activity relationship was also discussed.
Ni Nanting - - 2009
Bacterial quorum sensing refers to the ability of bacteria to control gene expression through the detection of a threshold concentration of certain chemicals called autoinducer(s), which are secreted by self and/or other bacteria. Quorum sensing is implicated in the regulation of pathologically relevant events such as biofilm formation, virulence, conjugation, ...
Sasaki Takahide - - 2009
A series of novel 2-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Screening of our corporate chemical collections against ELOVL6 resulted in the identification of lead 1. Exploratory chemistry efforts were applied to lead 1 to identify the orally available, potent, and selective ...
Hafez Hend N - - 2009
Chlorosulfonation of 3-methyl[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidine with chlorosulfonic acid in the presence of thionyl chloride was studied. When triazolo[4,3-a]pyrimidines are used as substrates, the substitution occurs at C-6. Also the reactivity of the hydrazides (7) towards aldehydes, thioglycolic acid and amines were studies. The newly prepared compounds 10a,d and 11a,d demonstrated inhibitory effects ...
Antipenko Lyudmila - - 2009
A series of novel ([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-2-ylthio)carboxylic acids 2a-d and esters 3a-l were synthesized and evaluated for antimicrobial activity. Alkylation of potassium 2-thio-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline 1 with halogenocarboxylic acids and its esters proceeded S-regioselectively. During acid catalyzed esterification of 2a-c, degradation of the pyrimidine ring was observed. The structures of the compounds were elucidated ...
Kasuga Jun-Ichi - - 2009
A series of 3-(4-alkoxypheny)propanoic acid derivatives was prepared as candidate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) delta-selective agonists, based on our previously discovered potent human PPARalpha/delta dual agonist TIPP-401 as a lead compound. Structure-activity relationship studies clearly indicated the importance of the chain length of the alkoxy group at the 4-position, and ...
Zhang Shu-Yan - - 2009
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a potential target for cancer, but potent inhibitors against FAS are scarce. In this study, we found that activities of catechins on inhibiting FAS increased greatly by heating them in acid. The enhancement was positively correlated to H(+) concentration. The inhibitory activities of the final ...
Shahar Yar M - - 2009
Several substituted phenoxy acetic acid derived pyrazolines were synthesized by the reaction between 2-{4-[3-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propenyl]-2-methoxyphenoxy} acetic acid and substituted acid hydrazides and were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity and antiviral activity. None of the compounds showed any specific antiviral activity [50% antivirally effective concentration (EC(50)) > or = 5-fold lower ...
Forster Laura - - 2009
A fluorescent assay for the evaluation of inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is described. Microsomes from rat brain served as enzyme source. N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-4-pyren-1-ylbutanamide was designed and synthesized as novel fluorogenic substrate. For substrate solubilization, Triton X-100 was employed. The FAAH activity was determined directly without further sample clean-up ...
Takahashi Toshiyuki - - 2009
Novel indoledione derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Systematic optimization of an indole class of lead 1 led to the identification of potent ELOVL6 selective inhibitors. Representative inhibitor 37 showed sustained plasma exposure and good liver penetrability in mice. After oral administration, ...
Hara Takafumi - - 2009
GPR120 and GPR40 are G-protein-coupled receptors whose endogenous ligands are medium- and long-chain free fatty acids, and they are thought to play an important physiological role in insulin release. Despite recent progress in understanding their roles, much still remains unclear about their pharmacology, and few specific ligands for GPR120 and ...
Zettl Heiko - - 2009
A novel and robust scaffold for highly active PPARalpha agonists based on the 2-mercaptohexanoic acid substructure is presented. Systematic structural variation of the substitution pattern of the phenolic backbone yielded detailed SAR especially of ortho and meta substituents. We corroborated the importance of the sulfur atom as well as of ...
Koch Michael - - 2009
Lipophilic fractions of stem extracts from Exocarpos latifolius, native to Papua New Guinea, showed significant activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra. Bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded exocarpic acid (E-octadeca-13-ene-9,11-diynoic-acid) as the major active component. Several new exocarpic acid analogs were also shown to be active. Exocarpic acid has previously been reported active against ...
Suzuki Nobuaki - - 2009
Guided by the proposed catalytic mechanism of histone deacetylases (HDACs), we designed and synthesized a series of boronic acid-based HDAC inhibitors bearing an alpha-amino acid moiety. In this series, compounds (S)-18, 20, and 21 showed potent HDAC-inhibitory activity, highlighting the significance of the (S)-amino acid moiety. In cancer cell growth ...
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