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Results 301 - 350 of 2178
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Tagad Harichandra D - - 2010
We previously reported potent BACE1 inhibitors KMI-420 and KMI-570 possessing a hydroxymethylcarbonyl isostere as a substrate transition-state mimic. Acidic moieties at the P(1)(') and P(4) positions of KMI inhibitors are thought to be unfavorable in terms of membrane permeability across the blood-brain barrier. Herein, we replaced acidic moieties at the ...
Ding Wei - - 2010
Azinomycin B is a potent antitumor antibiotic that features a set of unusual, densely assembled functionalities. Among them, the 3-methoxy-5-methylnaphthoic acid (NPA) moiety provides an important noncovalent association with DNA, and may, therefore, contribute to the specificity of DNA alkylation for biological activity exhibition. We have previously cloned and sequenced ...
Zhu Yongqiang - - 2010
A series of novel dipeptidyl boronic acid proteasome inhibitors composed of beta-amino acids were synthesized, in vitro and in vivo biologically evaluated, and theoretically modeled for the first time. From the screened racemic compounds in enzyme, 4i was the most active. The IC(50) value of its pure enantiomer 4q was ...
El-Gendy Nashwa - - 2010
Aerosolized contrast agents may improve the resolution of biomedical imaging modalities and enable more accurate diagnosis of lung diseases. Many iodinated compounds, such as diatrizoic acid, have been shown to be safe and useful for radiographic examination of the airways. Formulations of such compounds must be improved in order to ...
Najar I A - - 2010
In the present investigation 16 phytoconstituents, which are active moieties found in several medicinal herbs, have been evaluated for their P-glycoprotein (P-gp) stimulation/inhibition profiles using a P-gp-dependent ATPase assay in rat jejunal membrane (in vitro). Acteoside, agnuside, catechin, chlorogenic acid, picroside -II and santonin showed an inhibitory effect. Negundoside, picroside ...
Zheng Chang-Ji - - 2010
Aceriphyllum rossii Engler (Saxifragaceae) have been used as a nutritious food in Korea. We found that the methanol extract of A. rossii root and its components, aceriphyllic acid A and 3-oxoolean-12-en-27-oic acid, potently inhibited the growth of the key cariogenic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans, with MIC of 2 to 4 microg/mL. ...
Cheng Keguang - - 2010
Recently, oleanolic acid was found to be an inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase. For further structural modification, we have synthesized several dimers of oleanolic acid by using amide, ester, or triazole linkage with click chemistry. The click chemistry was shown to be the most efficient method for the dimer synthesis. Nearly ...
von Schacky Clemens - - 2010
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unresolved health issue, and responsible for 15% of all deaths in Western countries. Epidemiologic evidence, as well as evidence from clinical trials, indicates that increasing intake and high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) protect from SCD and other major adverse ...
Wilson Steven Ray - - 2010
The effect of acid treatment of cyclopamine, a natural antagonist of the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway and a potential anti-cancer drug, has been studied. Previous reports have shown that under acidic conditions, as in the stomach, cyclopamine is less effective. Also, it has been stated that cyclopamine converts to veratramine, ...
Murigi Francis N - - 2010
The conformationally constrained tyrosine analogues, (R)- and (S)-5-hydroxy-2-aminoindan-2-carboxylic acids, were prepared by chromatographic separation of diastereomeric dipeptide derivatives formed from N-Boc-L-phenylalanine. Absolute configurations were assigned by X-ray crystallographic analysis.
Sarhan Abdelwareth A O - - 2010
3-aminothiazolo[3,2-a]benzimidazole-2-carbonitrile (2) was prepared and upon hydrolysis using concentrated sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid resulted in the corresponding 3-aminothiazolo[3,2-a]benzimidazole-2-carboxamide derivative (3). Cyclization of the 2 using acetic anhydride or formic acid gave the corresponding pyrimido[4',5':4,5]thiazolo[3,2-a]benzimidazol-4(3H)-one (5) in good yields. Acetylation of 2 with acetic anhydride in pyridine afforded N-acetylaminothiazolo[3,2-a]benzimidazole-2-carbonitrile (6). ...
Faust Mark R - - 2010
In this study azetidine derivatives representing conformationally constrained GABA or beta-alanine analogs were evaluated for their potency as GABA-uptake inhibitors. The study comprised derivatives substituted in 2- as well as in 3-position with either an acetic acid moiety or a carboxylic acid function. In addition, azetidine derivatives bearing a tetrazole ...
Yu Gang - - 2010
A new group of acetic acid (7a-c, R(1) = H), and propionic acid (7d-f, R(1) = Me), regioisomers wherein a N-difluoromethyl-1,2-dihydropyrid-2-one moiety is attached via its C-3, C-4, and C-5 position was synthesized. This group of compounds exhibited a more potent inhibition, and hence selectivity, for the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) relative ...
Janser Romy F J - - 2010
A series of ethacrynic acid analogues, lacking the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl unit, was synthesized and subsequently evaluated for their ability to inhibit the migration of human breast cancer cells, MCF-7/AZ. Several of the analogues were already active in the low micromolar range, whereas ethacrynic acid itself shows no potential to inhibit ...
Grimstrup Marie - - 2010
The SAR features have been further explored for (2-benzhydryl-4-phenyl-thiazol-5-yl)acetic acids as CRTH2 (chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells) antagonists. The introduction of a nitrogen or a methyl substituent in the benzhydrylic position offer two alternative drugable scaffolds attractive for unsymmetrically substituted derivatives. An imidazole analogue lacks activity due to ...
Chae Su Young - - 2010
Improved glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor activation is considered one of the most effective targets for antidiabetic therapy. For this purpose, we modified the GLP-1 analog of exendin-4 using two fatty acids (FA) either lauric acid (LUA, C12) or palmitic acid (PAA, C16) at its two lysine residues, to produce; Lys(12)-FA-Exendin-4 ...
Singh Ramendra K - - 2010
Curcumin bioconjugates, viz. di-O-tryptophanylphenylalanine curcumin (2), di-O-decanoyl curcumin (3), di-O-pamitoyl curcumin (4), di-O-bis-(gamma,gamma)folyl curcumin (6), C(4)-ethyl-O-gamma-folyl curcumin (8) and 4-O-ethyl-O-gamma-folyl curcumin (10) have been synthesized and tested for their antibacterial and antiviral activities. The conjugates 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 have shown very promising antibacterial activity with MIC ranging ...
Genet Cédric - - 2010
We describe here the biological screening of a collection of natural occurring triterpenoids against the G protein-coupled receptor TGR5, known to be activated by bile acids and which mediates some important cell functions. This work revealed that betulinic (1), oleanolic (2), and ursolic acid (3) exhibited TGR5 agonist activity in ...
Koukoulitsa Catherine - - 2010
Aldose reductase (ALR2) of the polyol metabolic pathway is a target enzyme for the treatment of diabetic complications. A variety of synthetic and natural compounds have been observed to inhibit aldose reductase. Among them, rosmarinic acid has been shown to be in vitro an aldose reductase inhibitor in a micromolar ...
Shimamura Ken - - 2010
The elongase of long chain fatty acids family 6 (ELOVL6) is a rate-limiting enzyme for the elongation of saturated and monounsaturated long chain fatty acids. ELOVL6 is abundantly expressed in lipogenic tissues such as liver, and its mRNA expression is up-regulated in obese model animals. ELOVL6 deficient mice are protected ...
Zhang Bang-zhi - - 2010
The actinomycin D (AMD) analogs in which the D-valine residues (the second amino acid residue in the cyclic depsipeptide of AMD) and the N-methyl-L-valine residues (the fifth amino acid residue in the cyclic depsipeptide of AMD) were replaced with D-Phe or l- and D-forms N-methylvalines, N-methylisoleucine, N-methylleucine, N-methylphenylalanine, N-methylalanine, and ...
Ajibola E S - - 2010
The effect of an aqueous leaf extract ofAnacardium occidentale on gastric acid secretion was tested in rats. Twenty (20) Wistar albino rats were used for the gastric acid assay experiment. The rats were divided into 2 groups of 10 each. Gastric acid output was determined by continuous perfusion of rat ...
Athanasellis G - - 2010
Tetramic and tetronic acids are naturally occurring molecules with a variety of biological activities. In this review article, we present the general strategies for the synthesis of these compounds and we reveal the functionalized groups that are responsible for their properties. We also set out their coordinating modes with up-to-date ...
Hanus Lumír O - - 2010
In this review we describe recent advances in the chemistry of novel CB(1)/CB(2) agonists, CB(1) antagonists, selective CB(2) agonists, fatty acid amide hydrolase inibitors, monoglyceride (MGL) and diglyceride (DAGL) inhibitors and cannabinoid-type agonists and antagonists of non CB(1)/CB(2) receptors. In view of recent interest in the activities of fatty acid ...
Yokoi Hiroshi - - 2010
The physiological and pathological role of oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been extensively studied, whereas those of hydroxy monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are not well understood. This study demonstrated that 11-hydroxy-(9Z)-octadecenoic acid ((9Z)-11-HOE), which was isolated from adlay seeds (Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen STAF.), can activate peroxisome proliferator-activated ...
Arenz Christoph - - 2010
Despite of the importance of the acid sphingomyelinase for sphingomyelin homeostasis and sphingolipid signalling, potent and selective inhibitors for this enzyme are rare. An increasing set of data on the inhibition of acid sphingomyelinase in different disease models using indirect inhibitors has been generated and strongly implies acid sphingomyelinase as ...
Trippier Paul C - - 2010
The development of carbohydrate-binding agents as novel therapeutics for the inhibition of highly glycosylated enveloped viruses has generated much attention in recent literature. Possessing a potential dual mode of action by inhibiting virus entry and exposing the virion to neutralization by the host immune system upon the deletion of envelope ...
Rossini Gian Paolo - - 2010
Phycotoxins are natural metabolites produced by micro-algae. Through accumulation in the food chain, these toxins may concentrate in different marine organisms, including filter-feeding bivalves, burrowing and grazing organisms, herbivorous and predatory fish. Human poisoning due to ingestion of seafood contaminated by phycotoxins has occurred in the past, and harmful algal ...
Wang Ke - - 2010
A series of novel bisindolylmaleimide and natural amino acid ester conjugates were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against six tumor cell lines. Some compounds displayed interesting cytotoxic profiles. The most active compound 8e showed inhibitory activity against several human cancer cell lines.
Zhang J - - 2010
This study was designed to explore the biological characteristics of a new oral streptococcus species Streptococcus oligofermentans. Plaque samples were collected from caries-free and caries-active subjects. S. oligofermentans was selectively grown on Mitis salivarius agar plates and identified by using 2-step PCR and was isolated from 38% of 18 subjects. ...
Endo Satoshi - - 2010
A human aldose reductase-like protein, AKR1B10 in the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily, was recently identified as a tumor marker of several types of cancer. Tolrestat, an aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI), is known to be the most potent inhibitor of the enzyme. In this study, we compared the inhibitory effects of ...
Li Zuojing - - 2010
Quantitative structure-toxicity relationship (QSTR) plays an important role in toxicity prediction. With the modified method, the quantum chemistry parameters of 57 benzoic acid compounds were calculated with modified molecular connectivity index (MCI) using Visual Basic Program Software, and the QSTR of benzoic acid compounds in mice via oral LD(50) (acute ...
Yamamoto Kazunori - - 2010
A trigalacturonic acid analogue carrying a cyclohexene framework in place of the central pyranose ring was synthesized as a molecular probe for the mechanistic investigation of endo-polygalacturonase 1 (endo-PG 1). Preliminary enzymatic studies revealed that this analogue inhibited endo-PG 1 activity by about 30% at 0.3mM concentration.
Muro Fumihito - - 2009
We have focused on optimization of the inadequate pharmacokinetic profile of trans-4-substituted cyclohexanecarboxylic acid 5, which is commonly observed in many small molecule very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) antagonists. We modified the lipophilic moiety in 5 and found that reducing the polar surface area of this moiety results in improvement of ...
Hahnenkamp Inga - - 2010
Solubilities of 2-acetoxy benzoic acid (aspirin), N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (paracetamol) and 2-(p-isobutylphenyl)propionic acid (ibuprofen) have been measured in various solvents and compared with published and predicted data. For the prediction besides the two group contribution models UNIFAC and modified UNIFAC (Dortmund) the quantum chemical approach COSMO-RS (Ol) was used. Additionally melting temperatures ...
Nakatsuji Teruaki - - 2010
Various sebum free fatty acids (FFAs) have shown antibacterial activity against a broad range of gram-positive bacteria, resulting in the suggestion that they are accountable, at least partially, for the direct antimicrobial activity of the skin surface. In this study, we examined the effects of sebum FFAs on the antimicrobial ...
Singh Palwinder - - 2010
A number of barbituric acids with appropriate substituent at C-5 position were synthesized and investigated for their interactions with p-gp and Mg(2+). Compounds 5, 6, 8-10, 12-14 and 16 increased the basal activity of p-gp by more than 50% at 0.05 muM concentration. Molecular docking indicate a number of H-bond ...
Liu Xing-Hai - - 2010
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (KARI; EC 1.1.1.86) catalyzes the second common step in branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis. This enzyme is an important target for drug design. Based on the crystal structure of ketol-acid reductoisomerase/N-hydroxy-N-isopropyloxamate (IpOHA) complex, we have carried out high throughput receptor-based virtual screening of the ZINC/drug like database (2 000 ...
Roth Anke G - - 2010
The acid sphingomyelinase is an emerging drug target, especially for inflammatory lung diseases. Presently, there are no directly-acting potent inhibitors available for cell-based studies. The potent inhibitor phosphatidylinositol-3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns3,5P2) is not only unsuited for cell culture studies, but also does not provide hints for further structural improvements. In the SAR ...
Clav? G - - 2010
A series of simplified microcystin-LR analogues based on Adda [(2S,3S,8S,9S,4E,6E)-3-amino-9-methoxy-2,6,8-trimethyl-10-phenyldecadienoic acid] or its corresponding aldol precursor linked to a polypeptide moiety have been synthesised and assessed for their binding affinity by the monoclonal antibody mAb MC159, an anti-microcystin-LR mAb recently selected by us for the detection of microcystins through various ...
Saturnino Carmela - - 2010
N-Acylethanolamines, including N-palmitoyl-ethanolamine (PEA), are hydrolyzed to the corresponding fatty acids and ethanolamine by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Recently, N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA) was identified as being able to specifically hydrolyze PEA. In order to find selective and effective inhibitors of this enzyme, we synthesized and screened several amides, ...
Desbois Andrew P - - 2010
Amongst the diverse and potent biological activities of free fatty acids (FFAs) is the ability to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. The antibacterial properties of FFAs are used by many organisms to defend against parasitic or pathogenic bacteria. Whilst their antibacterial mode of action is still poorly understood, ...
Liu Li - - 2009
Human arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are expressed as two polymorphic isoforms, NAT1 and NAT2, that have toxicologically significant functions in the detoxification of xenobiotic arylamines by N-acetylation and in the bioactivation of N-arylhydroxylamines by O-acetylation. NAT1 also catalyzes the N-acetylation of 4-aminobenzoylglutamic acid, a product of folic acid degradation, and is ...
Dhananjaya B L - - 2009
Vanillic acid has been investigated for its inhibitory effect on Naja naja, Daboia russellii, and Trimeresurus malabaricus venom 5'-nucleotidase activity. Trimeresurus malabaricus venom 5'-nucleotidase activity was 1.3- and 8.0-fold higher than that of N. naja and D. russellii venoms, respectively. Substrate specificity studies showed that for all the venoms tested, ...
Shim Ki Shuk - - 2009
Recently, the use of anabolic agents to enhance bone mass has been a source of interest. Previous work by us suggested that corosolic acid (2alpha-hydroxyursolic acid), an active component of banaba leaves (Lagerstroemia speciosa L.), potentially stimulates the differentiation of mouse osteoblasts. Therefore, the present study investigated whether corosolic acid ...
Mizutani Takashi - - 2009
A series of benzoxazinones was synthesized and evaluated as novel long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Exploration of the SAR of the UHTS lead 1a led to the identification of (S)-1y that possesses a unique chiral quarternary center and a pyrazole ring as critical pharmacophore elements. Compound (S)-1y ...
Plewe Michael B - - 2009
HIV-1 integrase (IN) is one of three enzymes encoded by the HIV genome and is essential for viral replication. Recently, HIV-1 IN inhibitors have emerged as a new promising class of therapeutics. Herein, we report the discovery of azaindole carboxylic acids and azaindole hydroxamic acids as potent inhibitors of the ...
Potter Andrew J - - 2010
The peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase Pin1 is a promising molecular target for anti-cancer therapeutics. Here we report the structure-guided evolution of an indole 2-carboxylic acid fragment hit into a series of alpha-benzimidazolyl-substituted amino acids. Examples inhibited Pin1 activity with IC(50) <100nM, but were inactive on cells. Replacement of the benzimidazole ...
Son Sohee - - 2009
To develop an effective long-acting antidiabetic, the GLP-1 analogue of exendin-4 was modified with three different bile acids (BAs; cholic, deoxycholic, or lithocholic acid), at its two lysine residues. The biological, pharmaceutical, and physicochemical characteristics of these exendin-4 analogues were carefully investigated. Biological activity tests demonstrated that the monobile acid ...
Kong Yali - - 2010
Chalcones represent a class of natural products that inhibits tubulin assembly. In this study we designed and synthesized boronic acid analogs of chalcones in an effort to compare biological activities with combretastatin A-4, a potent inhibitor of tubulin polymerization. Systematic evaluation of the positional effects of the carbonyl moiety towards ...
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