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Results 251 - 300 of 2178
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El-Kabbani Ossama - - 2010
The tertiary structure of the Leu308Val mutant of human 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C1) in complex with the inhibitor 3,5-dichlorosalicylic acid (DCL) has been determined. Structures and kinetic properties of the wild-type and mutant enzymes indicate that Leu308 is a selectivity determinant for inhibitor binding. The Leu308Val mutation resulted in 13-fold and ...
Souto José A - - 2010
A series of N-(4-cyano-3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-2-ethoxy-6-alkyl (and alkenyl) benzamides related to the anacardic acid derivative CTPB have been prepared from 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid with a Suzuki coupling and addition of the anion of 4-cyano-3-trifluoromethylphenylamine to a benzodioxinone as the key steps. In U937 cells, these analogues, in particular 7 c, 7 d, 7 ...
Hussain Mukhtiar - - 2010
Synthesis, characterization, and biological significance of different substituted phenyl acrylic acids have been studied. These acids are contributing a key role during synthesis of antimicrobial drugs. The acids were prepared by condensation of various substituted phenyl acetic acids and aldehydes. o-piperonal was prepared using 2,3-methylenedioxy benzaldehyde. These phenyl acrylic acids ...
Vasovic V - - 2010
Influence of two newly synthesized bile acids derivates, namely sodium salt of monoketocholic acid MKH-Na and methyl ester of monoketocholic acid MKH-Me on tramadol (12.5 mg/kg oral and intramuscular) analgesic effect was examined in this research. Analgesic effect was measured by antinociceptive hot plate method. Interaction was estimated by detection ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2010
Hydroquinone has been the standard prescription agent for skin lightening; however, its use recently has become controversial. Hydroquinone is banned in Europe and parts of Asia because of potential long-term consequences, including carcinogenesis when orally consumed. These concerns have stimulated research to develop alternative skin lightening agents with efficacy comparable ...
Fogli Stefano - - 2010
The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sulindac exhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)-dependent and COX-independent chemopreventive properties in human cancer. The present study was aimed at investigating whether the hydroxamic acid substitution for the carboxylic acid group could enhance the in vitro antitumor and antiangiogenic activities of sulindac. Characterization tools used on this study ...
Liu Liping - - 2010
Metabolically generated acid is the major physiological stimulus for increasing proximal tubule citrate reabsorption, which leads to a decrease in citrate excretion. The activity of the Na-citrate cotransporter, NaDC-1, is increased in vivo by acid ingestion and in vitro by an acidic pH medium. In opossum kidney cells the acid ...
Koenigsmann Christopher - - 2010
We report on the synthesis, characterization, and electrocatalytic performance of ultrathin Pt nanowires with a diameter of less than 2 nm. An acid-wash protocol was employed in order to yield highly exfoliated, crystalline nanowires with a diameter of 1.3 +/- 0.4 nm. The electrocatalytic activity of these nanowires toward the ...
Derbal Safa - - 2010
The alarming increase in infections caused by multiple drug resistant bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has prompted a desperate search for new antimicrobials. Augmenting the discoveries of completely new scaffolds with antimicrobial activity are efforts aimed at modifying existing molecules to optimize activity or reduce toxicity. We report herein the ...
Yoon Young Ae - - 2010
A series of pyrimidine derivatives as acid pump antagonists (APAs) was synthesized and the inhibitory activities against H(+)/K(+) ATPase isolated from hog gastric mucosa were determined. After elaborating on substituents at C2 and C4 position of the pyrimidine scaffold, we have observed that the compound 7h is a potent APA ...
Lee Hyo Seon - - 2010
In spite of potent antiviral activity, suboptimal physicochemical properties of aryl diketo acids (ADKs) necessitates modification of the core 1,3-diketo acid functionality into a novel scaffold. As the metal-binding affinity of the diketo acid is the key to the antiviral activity of ADKs, we anticipated 3,5-dihydroxy-4-oxo arrangement of galangin scaffold ...
Gavina Jennilee M A - - 2010
Isomerases involved in the metabolism of D/L-amino acids represent promising therapeutic targets for treatment of disease. Herein, we report a tunable platform for the assessment of enzymatic kinetics involving amino acid isomerization by CE that offers improved selectivity and sensitivity over traditional methods. Enzyme activity and competition assays were evaluated ...
Akhtar Tashfeen - - 2010
Some new structural type inhibitors of urease, i.e. 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (4a-e) and 4,5-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones (5a-e) were synthesized in two steps from mandelic acid hydrazides (2a-e) and aryl isothiocyanates. The hydrazides in turn were synthesized from mandelic acid via esterification. Compounds 4a-e and 5a-e were evaluated against jack bean urease. Compounds 4d, 5b, ...
Zhang Fan - - 2010
In the preparation and storage of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) in colloidal form, the stability of the colloid is of utmost importance. We report a novel strategy for the synthesis of the phosphonic acid-functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) with the high colloid stability by using ethylenediamine-tetramethylene phosphonic acid (EDTMP) as the reducing ...
Yoon Young Ae - - 2010
A series of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridines as acid pump antagonists (APAs) was synthesized and the inhibitory activities against H(+)/K(+) ATPase isolated from hog gastric mucosa were determined. After elaborating on substituents at N1, C5, and C7 position of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridine scaffold, we have observed that compounds 14f and 14g are potent APAs with ...
Zhao Pingwei - - 2010
Known agonists of the orphan receptor GPR35 are kynurenic acid, zaprinast, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylproplyamino) benzoic acid, and lysophosphatidic acids. Their relatively low affinities for GPR35 and prominent off-target effects at other pathways, however, diminish their utility for understanding GPR35 signaling and for identifying potential therapeutic uses of GPR35. In a screen of ...
Galatsis Paul - - 2010
Succinic acid amides have been found to be effective P2-P3 scaffold replacements for peptidic ICE inhibitors. Heteroarylalkyl fragments occupying the P4 position provided access to compounds with nM affinities. Utilization of an acylal prodrug moiety was required to overcome biopharmaceutical issues which led to the identification of 17f, a potential ...
Seto Shigeki - - 2010
A series of novel 2,4,6-trisubstitutedpyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized with the intent of producing a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) partial agonist for antidiabetic agents. A pharmacophore-driven approach of in-house screening identified compound 7, which led to the identification of compound 9 featuring a 2,4,6-trisubstituted pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid core. ...
Albers Harald M H G - - 2010
Autotaxin (ATX) is an extracellular enzyme that hydrolyzes lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) to produce the lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). The ATX-LPA signaling axis has been implicated in diverse physiological and pathological processes, including vascular development, inflammation, fibrotic disease, and tumor progression. Therefore, targeting ATX with small molecule inhibitors is an attractive ...
Kurosumi Motonori - - 2010
Screening of our library of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists yielded several phenylpropanoic acid-derived gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSIs). Structure-activity relationship studies indicated that (R)-configuration of alpha-substituted phenylpropanoic acid structure and cinnamic acid structure is favorable to prepare Notch-sparing GSIs.
Ghizzoni Massimo - - 2010
Several lines of evidence indicate that histone acetyltransferases (HATs) are novel drug targets for treatment of diseases like, for example, cancer and inflammation. The natural product anacardic acid is a starting point for development of small molecule inhibitors of the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) p300/CBP associated factor (PCAF). In order to ...
Hnilickova Jaroslava - - 2010
Androstane brassinosteroid analogues with alpha-azido acid ester groups in position 17beta were synthesized from 2alpha,3alpha,17beta-trihydroxy-5alpha-androstan-6-one after the protection of the 2alpha,3alpha-diols upon treatment with the corresponding alpha-azido acid and the subsequent deprotection of the diol grouping. Six new castasterone analogues were prepared. The biological activities were evaluated in two bioassays: ...
Anselm Lilli - - 2010
A series of (3R,4R)-pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid amides was investigated with respect to their factor Xa inhibitory activity, selectivity, pharmacokinetic properties, and ex vivo antithrombotic activity. The clinical candidate from this series, R1663, exhibits excellent selectivity against a panel of serine proteases and good pharmacokinetic properties in rats and monkeys. A Phase ...
Ramsdell John S - - 2010
Domoic acid of macroalgal origin was used for traditional and medicinal purposes in Japan and largely forgotten until its rediscovery in diatoms that poisoned 107 people after consumption of contaminated mussels. The more severely poisoned victims had seizures and/or amnesia and four died; however, one survivor unexpectedly developed temporal lobe ...
Ngai Mun H - - 2010
Using click chemistry to enable both structural diversity and proteome profiling within a natural product derived library, two out of nineteen lipstatin analogues showed similar activity to Orlistat against fatty acid synthase (FAS), but with an improved ability to induce tumour cell death.
Gattinoni Sonia - - 2010
A series of oxime carbamates have been identified as potent inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), an important regulatory enzyme of the endocannabinoid signaling system. Kinetic analysis indicates that they behave as non-competitive, reversible inhibitors, and show remarkable selectivity for FAAH over the other components of the endocannabinoid system.
Kyi Stella - - 2010
A series of novel polyacetylene substituted 2-hydroxy acids and derivatives were prepared and characterized. Alkylation of butane-2,3-diacetal (BDA) protected glycolic acid with iodoalkyl substituted polyacetylene compounds gave the corresponding diacetal protected polyacetylene substituted 2-hydroxy acids. Diacetal deprotection through acid mediated hydrolysis, transesterification or aminolysis afforded the 2-hydroxy-polyacetylenic acid, ester or ...
Carrillo Adela I - - 2010
Al-containing helical mesoporous silicas have been synthesized and characterised by different techniques, showing outstanding activities (comparable to those obtained with sulfuric acid) in the oxathioacetalization of cyclohexane.
Gondela Edyta - - 2010
5-(Omega-hydroxyalkylamino) derivatives of mucochloric acids were synthesized through a facile substitution reaction of 3,4-dichloro-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (mucochloric acid) acetate or 5-methylcarbonate with an appropriate amino alcohol or aminodiol. The obtained products were characterized and screened for their antibacterial and antiprotozoal activities.
Dawson Marcia I - - 2010
Increasing evidence demonstrates that three classes of molecules originally derived from all-trans-retinoic acid and its synthetic analogues, which function by interacting with the retinoid nuclear receptors, exert their anticancer activities through alternative signaling pathways. Thus, the methylene-linked analogues (4-HBR, 4-HPRCG, and 4-HBRCG) of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) and its O-glucuronide metabolite ...
Na MinKyun - - 2010
Inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been proposed to be a new therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer and obesity. In our preliminary screening study on the FAS inhibitory activity, a n-hexane soluble fraction prepared from the fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Schisandraceae) was found to inhibit FAS activity ...
Ilies Monica - - 2010
Arginase, a key metalloenzyme of the urea cycle that converts L-arginine into L-ornithine and urea, is presently considered a pharmaceutical target for the management of diseases associated with aberrant l-arginine homeostasis, such as asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and erectile dysfunction. We now report the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a series ...
Meinerz Daiane Francine - - 2011
(S)-dimethyl 2-(3-(phenyltellanyl) propanamido) succinate, a new telluroamino acid derivative, showed remarkable glutathione peroxidase (GPx)-like activity, attesting to its antioxidant potential. However, the stability and toxicity of this compound has not yet been investigated. The present study was designed to investigate the pharmacological/toxicological properties of this compound in vitro and in ...
Khan Sher Bahadar - - 2010
A series of benzoic acid derivatives 1-10 have been synthesised by two different methods. Compounds 1-6 were synthesised by a facile procedure for esterification using N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) as a coupling agent, methylene chloride as a solvent system and dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP). While 7-10 were synthesised by converting benzoic acid into benzoyl ...
McKenna Charles E - - 2010
3-(3-Pyridyl)-2-hydroxy-2-phosphonopropanoic acid (3-PEHPC, 1) is a phosphonocarboxylate (PC) analogue of 2-(3-pyridyl)-1-hydroxyethylidenebis(phosphonic acid) (risedronic acid, 2), an osteoporosis drug that decreases bone resorption by inhibiting farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPS) in osteoclasts, preventing protein prenylation. 1 has lower bone affinity than 2 and weakly inhibits Rab geranylgeranyl transferase (RGGT), selectively preventing prenylation ...
Palmer Andreas M - - 2010
Potassium-competitive acid blockers (P-CABs) constitute a new therapeutic option for the treatment of acid-related diseases that are widespread and constitute a significant economical burden. Enantiomerically pure tetrahydrochromenoimidazoles were prepared using the readily available candidate 4 (BYK 405879) as starting material or the Noyori asymmetric reduction of ketones as key reaction. ...
Wang Jinxin - - 2010
Gambogic acid (GA) has been reported to be a potent apoptosis inducer. The fact that it is amenable to chemical modification makes GA an attractive molecule for the development of anticancer agents. We firstly reported the synthesis of gambogellic acid, which was generated under acid catalysis from readily available GA ...
Pan Yan - - 2010
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Centella asiatica (CA) has been widely cultivated as a vegetable or spice in China, Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Africa, and Oceanic countries and traditionally used for wound healing and maintaining normal blood pressure. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was carried out to examine the potential ...
Bennett Stuart N L - - 2010
A series of carboxylic acid glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors, which have potential as oral antidiabetic agents, is described. Defining and applying simple physicochemical design criteria was used to assess the opportunity and to focus synthetic efforts on compounds with the greatest probability of success. The study led to compound 17, which ...
Zheng Chang-Ji - - 2010
Bacterial enoyl-ACP reductase (FabI) has been demonstrated to be a novel antibacterial target. In the course of our screening for FabI inhibitors we isolated two methyl-branched fatty acids from Streptomyces sp. A251. They were identified as 14-methyl-9(Z)-pentadecenoic acid and 15-methyl-9(Z)-hexadecenoic acid by MS and NMR spectral data. These compounds inhibited ...
Kieser Karen J - - 2010
Selective estrogen receptor (ER) down-regulators (SERDs) reduce ERalpha protein levels as well as block ER activity and therefore are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of hormone refractory breast cancer. Starting with the triarylethylene acrylic acid SERD 4, we have investigated how alterations in both the ligand core structure and ...
Colucci John - - 2010
The discovery of a highly potent and selective EP(4) antagonist MF-766 is discussed. This N-benzyl indole derivative exhibits good pharmacokinetic profile and unprecedented in vivo potency in the rat AIA model.
Bridoux Alexandre - - 2010
Novel thyroxine analogs with hindered phenol, amino and carboxylic acid groups have been synthesized and the effects of the synthesized compounds on angiogenesis using the chick chorioallantoic membrane and mouse matrigel models have been tested. Pharmacological profiles revealed that thyroxine tolerates numerous modifications on the amino group and remains active. ...
Fatmawati Sri - - 2010
CHCl(3) extract of the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum was found to show inhibitory activity on human aldose reductase in vitro. From the acidic fraction, potent human aldose reductase inhibitors, ganoderic acid C2 (1) and ganoderenic acid A (2), were isolated together with three related compounds. It was found that ...
Schmidt Darby - - 2010
Niacin is an effective drug for raising HDL cholesterol. However, niacin must be taken in large doses and significant side effects are often observed, including facial flushing, loss of glucose tolerance, and liver toxicity. An anthranilic acid was identified as an agonist of the niacin receptor. In order to improve ...
Fritzson Ingela - - 2010
A strategy that combines virtual screening and structure-guided selection of fragments was used to identify three unexplored classes of human DHODH inhibitor compounds: 4-hydroxycoumarins, fenamic acids, and N-(alkylcarbonyl)anthranilic acids. Structure-guided selection of fragments targeting the inner subsite of the DHODH ubiquinone binding site made these findings possible with screening of ...
Papahatjis Demetris P - - 2010
Two novel methyl-substituted arachidonic acid derivatives were prepared in an enantioselective manner from commercially available chiral building blocks, and were found to be excellent templates for the development of (13S)-methyl-substituted anandamide analogues. One of the compounds synthesized, namely, (13S,5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-13-methyl-eicosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid N-(2-hydroxyethyl)amide, is an endocannabinoid analogue with remarkably high affinity for ...
Albers Harald M H G HM Division of Cell Biology, Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Centre of Biomedical Genetics, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The - - 2010
Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase that functions as a lysophospholipase D to produce the lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a mitogen, chemoattractant, and survival factor for many cell types. The ATX-LPA signaling axis has been implicated in angiogenesis, chronic inflammation, fibrotic diseases and tumor progression, making this system ...
Ciocoiu Calin C - - 2010
Ten 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles 2a-2j were prepared and tested for their ability to increase oleic acid oxidation in human myotubes using a high-throughput multiwell assay. Compounds 2e (2-{4-[(1-(3-fluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methylthio]-2-methylphenoxy}acetic acid) and 2i (2-{4-[(1-(3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methylthio]-2-methylphenoxy}acetic acid) exhibited potent agonist activities. Compounds 2e and 2i also exhibited powerful agonist effects for both PPARalpha and PPARdelta ...
Usai Igor - - 2010
A click-chemistry-based synthesis of biologically active doxycycline-amino acid conjugates is described. Starting from 9-aminodoxycycline derivatives and complementary functionalized amino acids, ligation was accomplished by copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne [3+2] cycloaddition (CuAAC). The final products were tested in a variety of TetR and revTetR systems, and the C-terminally linked phenylalanine conjugate 12 c ...
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