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Results 201 - 250 of 2157
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Fougeron Anne-Sophie - - 2011
Fatty-acids (FAs) are required in the diet of many animals throughout their life. However, the mechanisms involved in the perception of and preferences for dietary saturated and unsaturated FAs (SFAs and UFAs, respectively) remain poorly explored, especially in insects. Using the model species Drosophila melanogaster, we measured the responses of ...
Ogura Haruo - - 2011
Sialic acids are electronegatively charged C9-sugars and are considered to play important roles in higher animals and some microorganisms. Denoting their significance, understanding and exploiting the complexity of the sialic acids has been referred to as the "the third language of life". In essence, "sialic acid derivatives possess a harmonious ...
Mathias Rasika A - - 2011
Arachidonic acid (AA) is a long-chain omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) synthesized from the precursor dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) that plays a vital role in immunity and inflammation. Variants in the Fatty Acid Desaturase (FADS) family of genes on chromosome 11q have been shown to play a role in PUFA metabolism ...
Afsar Baris - - 2011
Elevated serum uric acid has been associated with cognitive dysfunction and vascular cognitive impairment in the elderly. Serum uric acid is also commonly elevated in chronic kidney disease (CKD), but its relationship with cognitive function in these patients has not been addressed. Subjects with CKD (defined as eGFR <60/ml/min/1.73 m(2)) ...
James Stephen - - 2011
It has been suggested that impairments associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be partially explained by deficits of omega-3 fatty acids, and that supplementation of these essential fatty acids may lead to improvement of symptoms. To review the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids for improving core features of ASD ...
Gao Hongyun - - 2011
The covariation of two sites in a protein is often used as the degree of their coevolution. To quantify the covariation many methods have been developed and most of them are based on residues position-specific frequencies by using the mutual information (MI) model. In the paper, we proposed several new ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2011
The recent increase in the prevalence of allergic disorders might be a consequence of increased intake of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and reduced intake of n-3 PUFAs. The current cross-sectional study examined the association between intake levels and the prevalence of eczema and rhinoconjunctivitis in Japanese children. Subjects were ...
He Qinghua - - 2011
Metabonomics combines metabolic profiling and multivariate data analysis to facilitate the high-throughput analysis of metabolites in biological samples. This technique has been developed as a powerful analytical tool and hence has found successful widespread applications in many areas of bioscience. Metabonomics has also become an important part of systems biology. ...
Lassek William D - - 2011
Because the first neurons evolved in an environment high in the n-3 (omega-3) fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), this fatty acid became a major component of neural structure and function and makes up 10% of the dry weight of the human brain. Since n-3 fatty acids must come from the ...
Oliver Colleen C Nutrition & Dietetics, Sydney Children's Hospital, High Street, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, - - 2011
Studies suggest that a diet rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids may have beneficial anti-inflammatory effects for chronic conditions such as cystic fibrosis. To determine whether there is evidence that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation reduces morbidity and mortality and to identify any adverse events associated with supplementation. We searched ...
Marek Lorri R LR Children's Hospital Boston, 61 Binney Street, Enders 730.2, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2011
While initial studies of Toll-like Receptor (TLR) signaling mainly focused on genetic analysis of signal transduction, recent work has highlighted the importance of understanding the basic cell biology underlying receptor function. Nowhere is this issue more important than in the study of the nucleic acid-sensing TLRs. These receptors face the ...
Tomillero A - - 2010
17-Hydroxyprogesterone caproate; Abacavir sulfate/lamivudine, Aclidinium bromide, Adalimumab, Adefovir, Alemtuzumab, Alkaline phosphatase, Amlodipine, Apilimod mesylate, Aripiprazole, Axitinib, Azacitidine; Belotecan hydrochloride, Berberine iodide, Bevacizumab, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Bryostatin 1; Calcipotriol/hydrocortisone, Carglumic acid, Certolizumab pegol, Cetuximab, Cinacalcet hydrochloride, Cixutumumab, Coumarin, Custirsen sodium; Darbepoetin alfa, Darifenacin hydrobromide, Darunavir, Dasatinib, Denibulin hydrochloride, Denosumab, Diacetylmorphine, Dulanermin, Duloxetine ...
Panagiotakos Demosthenes B - - 2010
Depression is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the association with dietary habits is not well understood. The aim of this work was to statistically model the association of depressive symptoms with fatty acids intake in persons free of cardiovascular disease. Method: A random multistage sampling, stratified ...
Kawaura Kazuaki - - 2011
Several antidepressants have been used to treat severe pain in clinics. Recently, we reported that the centrally acting non-narcotic antitussive (cough suppressant drug), tipepidine produces an antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test, although the mechanism of action appears to be quite different from that of known antidepressants. In the ...
Zhu Yongqiang - - 2010
An extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) study of 72 dipeptidyl boronic acid proteasome inhibitors constructed from β-amino acids is reported. SAR analysis revealed that bicyclic groups at the R¹ position, 3-F substituents at the R² position, and bulky aliphatic groups at the R³ position were favorable to the activities. Enzymatic screening ...
Iwatsuki Masato - - 2011
In the course of screening for antimalarial agents, five tropolone compounds were isolated from the culture broth of Penicillium sp. FKI-4410. Two were known compounds, puberulic acid and stipitatic acid. Three were new analogs of puberulic acid, designated viticolins A-C. Among them, puberulic acid exhibited potent antimalarial inhibition, with IC(50) ...
Euzen Ronan - - 2011
Glycodendrimers, such as glycoclusters and glycopolymers, are known to be very useful molecules to probe carbohydrate-lectin interactions. Herein, new second generation glycopeptide dendrimers (G2a-f) presenting a L-lysine-based (Lys) tetraantennary scaffold, four external thiomannosyl residues and, in the case of compounds G2b-f, four copies of a variable amino acid (X(1)) were ...
Raffa Demetrio - - 2010
Pyrazolylbenzotriazinones are endowed with a structural analogy with the COX-2 selective inhibitor celecoxib. Considering that our research group has long been interested in the 3-pyrazolyl-substituted benzotriazinones as anti-inflammatory agents, six new pyrazolylbenzotriazinone derivatives 16a-c and 18a-c have been prepared by reacting the opportune ethyl 5-(2-aminobenzamido)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate or 5-(2-aminobenzamido)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxyic acid with sodium ...
Vianello Robert R Quantum Organic Chemistry Group, Ruđer, Bošković Institute, Bijenička 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, - - 2010
B3LYP/6-311+G(2df,p)//B3LYP/6-31+G(d) calculations convincingly show that tricyclic organic compounds 1 and 2 offer scaffolds suitable for tailoring powerful neutral organic acids. Their cyanation at all C(sp(2))-H positions provide superacids as evidenced by their enthalpies of deprotonation ΔHacid(1bCN) = 257.2 and ΔHacid(2bCN) = 250.9 kcal mol(-1), which are close to the threshold ...
Crosby David C - - 2010
Fourteen analogues of the anti-HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitor L-chicoric acid (L-CA) were prepared. Their IC(50) values for 3'-end processing and strand transfer against recombinant HIV-1 IN were determined in vitro, and their cell toxicities and EC(50) against HIV-1 were measured in cells (ex vivo). Compounds 1-6 are catechol/β-diketoacid hybrids, the ...
Qian Shan - - 2010
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a negative regulator in the process of insulin signaling and a promising drug target for diabetes and obesity. Derivatives of oleanolic acid were synthesized and evaluated as PTP1B inhibitors. Several derivatives exhibited moderate to good inhibitory activities against PTP1B, with 25f displaying the most ...
Stipanovic R D - - 2011
We developed a cotton cotyledonary leaf bioassay to test the phytotoxicity of fusaric acid (5-butylpicolinic acid), picolinic acid and related analogs. The compounds were dissolved in aqueous Tween 80, and 20 μL of the test solution was placed at three positions on the leaf, and a needle was used to ...
Lin Shu Fu - - 2010
A series of 3-O-acylated (-)-epigallocatechins were synthesized and their inhibition of steroid 5α-reductase was studied. They were prepared from the reaction of EGCG with tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride followed by reductive cleavage of the ester bond. The resultant (-)-epigallocatechins penta-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl ether was esterified with different fatty acids then desilylated to provide the ...
Tanis Steven P - - 2010
HIV-1 integrase is one of three enzymes encoded by the HIV genome and is essential for viral replication, and HIV-1 IN inhibitors have emerged as a new promising class of therapeutics. Recently, we reported the discovery of azaindole hydroxamic acids that were potent inhibitors of the HIV-1 IN enzyme. N-Methyl ...
Yadav Snehlata - - 2010
A series of 4-[1-(substituted aryl/alkyl carbonyl)-benzoimidazol-2-yl]-benzene sulphonic acids (1-20) was synthesized and evaluated, in vitro, for their antimicrobial activity and the results indicated that compounds 4-[1-(4-Nitrobenzoyl)-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl]-benzenesulfonic acid (9) and 4-(1-octadec-9-enoyl-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-benzenesulfonic acid (18) were found to be the most active ones. QSAR investigations indicated that the multi-target QSAR model was effective ...
Almeida Bruno - - 2010
A series of fatty acid amides of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) catechol metabolites were synthesized in order to evaluate their biological activities. Upon administration, all synthesized compounds resulted in negative modulation of food intake in rats. The most active compounds have affinity for the CB(1) receptor and/or PPAR-α; part of their biological ...
Luo Z G - - 2010
HIV-1 integrase (IN), which has no cellular counterpart, has been intensely studied over the past 15 years and has been fully validated as a therapeutic target with the first FDA approved IN inhibitor raltegravir. The quinolone acid GS-9137 (elvitegravir), which most probably will became the next candidate of IN inhibitors, ...
Stanetty Christian - - 2010
Glycyrrhetinic acid, the metabolite of the natural product glycyrrhizin, is a well known nonselective inhibitor of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD) type 1 and type 2. Whereas inhibition of 11β-HSD1 is currently under consideration for treatment of metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, 11β-HSD2 inhibitors may find therapeutic applications in chronic ...
Mitra Debarati - - 2010
C(2)-symmetric azobenzene-amino acid linked bis(propargyl sulfones) 1 and 2 containing stable E azo moiety have been synthesized. Upon irradiation with long wavelength UV these compounds isomerized to the Z-form, whose thermal reisomerization to the E-isomer slowed down considerably Under basic pH, the compounds showed DNA cleavage in μmolar concentrations with ...
Schwarz Stefan - - 2010
Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) is one of many interesting triterpenoic acids showing anticancerogenic potential. GA is known to trigger apoptosis in tumour cell lines, although GA has a low cytotoxicity. In our study we were able to prepare derivatives of GA that show lowered the IC(50) values as determined by a ...
El-Kabbani Ossama - - 2010
The tertiary structure of the Leu308Val mutant of human 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C1) in complex with the inhibitor 3,5-dichlorosalicylic acid (DCL) has been determined. Structures and kinetic properties of the wild-type and mutant enzymes indicate that Leu308 is a selectivity determinant for inhibitor binding. The Leu308Val mutation resulted in 13-fold and ...
Souto José A - - 2010
A series of N-(4-cyano-3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-2-ethoxy-6-alkyl (and alkenyl) benzamides related to the anacardic acid derivative CTPB have been prepared from 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid with a Suzuki coupling and addition of the anion of 4-cyano-3-trifluoromethylphenylamine to a benzodioxinone as the key steps. In U937 cells, these analogues, in particular 7 c, 7 d, 7 ...
Hussain Mukhtiar - - 2010
Synthesis, characterization, and biological significance of different substituted phenyl acrylic acids have been studied. These acids are contributing a key role during synthesis of antimicrobial drugs. The acids were prepared by condensation of various substituted phenyl acetic acids and aldehydes. o-piperonal was prepared using 2,3-methylenedioxy benzaldehyde. These phenyl acrylic acids ...
Vasovic V - - 2010
Influence of two newly synthesized bile acids derivates, namely sodium salt of monoketocholic acid MKH-Na and methyl ester of monoketocholic acid MKH-Me on tramadol (12.5 mg/kg oral and intramuscular) analgesic effect was examined in this research. Analgesic effect was measured by antinociceptive hot plate method. Interaction was estimated by detection ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2010
Hydroquinone has been the standard prescription agent for skin lightening; however, its use recently has become controversial. Hydroquinone is banned in Europe and parts of Asia because of potential long-term consequences, including carcinogenesis when orally consumed. These concerns have stimulated research to develop alternative skin lightening agents with efficacy comparable ...
Fogli Stefano - - 2010
The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sulindac exhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)-dependent and COX-independent chemopreventive properties in human cancer. The present study was aimed at investigating whether the hydroxamic acid substitution for the carboxylic acid group could enhance the in vitro antitumor and antiangiogenic activities of sulindac. Characterization tools used on this study ...
Liu Liping - - 2010
Metabolically generated acid is the major physiological stimulus for increasing proximal tubule citrate reabsorption, which leads to a decrease in citrate excretion. The activity of the Na-citrate cotransporter, NaDC-1, is increased in vivo by acid ingestion and in vitro by an acidic pH medium. In opossum kidney cells the acid ...
Koenigsmann Christopher - - 2010
We report on the synthesis, characterization, and electrocatalytic performance of ultrathin Pt nanowires with a diameter of less than 2 nm. An acid-wash protocol was employed in order to yield highly exfoliated, crystalline nanowires with a diameter of 1.3 +/- 0.4 nm. The electrocatalytic activity of these nanowires toward the ...
Derbal Safa - - 2010
The alarming increase in infections caused by multiple drug resistant bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has prompted a desperate search for new antimicrobials. Augmenting the discoveries of completely new scaffolds with antimicrobial activity are efforts aimed at modifying existing molecules to optimize activity or reduce toxicity. We report herein the ...
Yoon Young Ae - - 2010
A series of pyrimidine derivatives as acid pump antagonists (APAs) was synthesized and the inhibitory activities against H(+)/K(+) ATPase isolated from hog gastric mucosa were determined. After elaborating on substituents at C2 and C4 position of the pyrimidine scaffold, we have observed that the compound 7h is a potent APA ...
Lee Hyo Seon - - 2010
In spite of potent antiviral activity, suboptimal physicochemical properties of aryl diketo acids (ADKs) necessitates modification of the core 1,3-diketo acid functionality into a novel scaffold. As the metal-binding affinity of the diketo acid is the key to the antiviral activity of ADKs, we anticipated 3,5-dihydroxy-4-oxo arrangement of galangin scaffold ...
Gavina Jennilee M A - - 2010
Isomerases involved in the metabolism of D/L-amino acids represent promising therapeutic targets for treatment of disease. Herein, we report a tunable platform for the assessment of enzymatic kinetics involving amino acid isomerization by CE that offers improved selectivity and sensitivity over traditional methods. Enzyme activity and competition assays were evaluated ...
Akhtar Tashfeen - - 2010
Some new structural type inhibitors of urease, i.e. 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (4a-e) and 4,5-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones (5a-e) were synthesized in two steps from mandelic acid hydrazides (2a-e) and aryl isothiocyanates. The hydrazides in turn were synthesized from mandelic acid via esterification. Compounds 4a-e and 5a-e were evaluated against jack bean urease. Compounds 4d, 5b, ...
Zhang Fan - - 2010
In the preparation and storage of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) in colloidal form, the stability of the colloid is of utmost importance. We report a novel strategy for the synthesis of the phosphonic acid-functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) with the high colloid stability by using ethylenediamine-tetramethylene phosphonic acid (EDTMP) as the reducing ...
Yoon Young Ae - - 2010
A series of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridines as acid pump antagonists (APAs) was synthesized and the inhibitory activities against H(+)/K(+) ATPase isolated from hog gastric mucosa were determined. After elaborating on substituents at N1, C5, and C7 position of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridine scaffold, we have observed that compounds 14f and 14g are potent APAs with ...
Zhao Pingwei - - 2010
Known agonists of the orphan receptor GPR35 are kynurenic acid, zaprinast, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylproplyamino) benzoic acid, and lysophosphatidic acids. Their relatively low affinities for GPR35 and prominent off-target effects at other pathways, however, diminish their utility for understanding GPR35 signaling and for identifying potential therapeutic uses of GPR35. In a screen of ...
Galatsis Paul - - 2010
Succinic acid amides have been found to be effective P2-P3 scaffold replacements for peptidic ICE inhibitors. Heteroarylalkyl fragments occupying the P4 position provided access to compounds with nM affinities. Utilization of an acylal prodrug moiety was required to overcome biopharmaceutical issues which led to the identification of 17f, a potential ...
Seto Shigeki - - 2010
A series of novel 2,4,6-trisubstitutedpyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized with the intent of producing a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) partial agonist for antidiabetic agents. A pharmacophore-driven approach of in-house screening identified compound 7, which led to the identification of compound 9 featuring a 2,4,6-trisubstituted pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid core. ...
Albers Harald M H G - - 2010
Autotaxin (ATX) is an extracellular enzyme that hydrolyzes lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) to produce the lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). The ATX-LPA signaling axis has been implicated in diverse physiological and pathological processes, including vascular development, inflammation, fibrotic disease, and tumor progression. Therefore, targeting ATX with small molecule inhibitors is an attractive ...
Kurosumi Motonori - - 2010
Screening of our library of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists yielded several phenylpropanoic acid-derived gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSIs). Structure-activity relationship studies indicated that (R)-configuration of alpha-substituted phenylpropanoic acid structure and cinnamic acid structure is favorable to prepare Notch-sparing GSIs.
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