Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2168
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nakashita Manabu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Ceramide has been suggested to play a role in apoptosis during gastric ulcerogenesis. The present study is designed to investigate whether accumulated ceramide could serve as the effector molecules of ulcer formation in a rat model of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer. METHODS: The effect of fumonisin B1, an inhibitor ...
Richter J E - - 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be difficult to diagnose - symptoms alone are often not enough, and thus, objective testing is often required. GERD is a manifestation of pathologic levels of reflux into the esophagus of acidic, nonacidic, and/or bilious gastric content. However, in our current evidence-based knowledge approach, we ...
Yeh Chu-Yin - - 2012
Bile salt synthesis is a specialized liver function in vertebrates. Bile salts play diverse roles in digestion and signaling, and their homeostasis is maintained by controlling input (biosynthesis) and intestinal conservation. Patients with biliary atresia (i.e., obliteration of the biliary tree) suffer liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. In contrast, sea lamprey ...
Tytgat Guido Nj - - 2012
The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal columnar metaplasia is rising worldwide. Both mechanical and functional factors perturb the double sphincter barrier at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Discovery of the acid pocket is fundamental in understanding postprandial acid reflux. Adding impedencemetry to pH measurements allows detection of non-acid ...
Ben-Meir David - - 2012
PURPOSE: We histologically investigated the cause of failed endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injections in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192 children underwent dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection at our institution between January 2008 and September 2010. The study population consisted of 13 children (22 ureters) with ...
Ohara Shunji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Esophageal mucosal breaks in patients with Los Angeles (LA) grade A or B esophagitis are mainly found in the right anterior wall of the distal esophagus. The aim of this study was to reveal radial acid exposure in the distal esophagus and determine whether radial asymmetry of acid exposure ...
Mori Hideharu - - 2012
This review summarizes recent advances in the design and synthesis of amino-acid-based block copolymers by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of amino-acid-bearing monomers. We will mainly focus on stimuli-responsive block copolymers, such as pH-, thermo-, and dual-stimuli-responsive block copolymers, and self-assembled block copolymers, including amphiphilic and double-hydrophilic block copolymers ...
Roock Sophie D - - 2012
Assault chemical burns are uncommon in northern Europe. Besides local toxicity, systemic manifestations are possible after strong acid exposure. A 40-year-old woman was admitted 1 h after a criminal assault with sulfuric acid. The total burned surface area was 35%, third degree. Injury was due to sulfuric acid (measured pH ...
Torres Rosa J - - 2012
Congenital deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) results in a spectrum of clinical phenotypes. All of these phenotypes are associated with marked overproduction of uric acid and related problems such as hyperuricemia, urate nephrolithiasis, tophi, and gout. The mildest phenotypes include only problems related to overproduction of uric acid. ...
McCormack Paul L - - 2012
Tranexamic acid, a synthetic derivative of the amino acid lysine, is an antifibrinolytic agent that acts by binding to plasminogen and blocking the interaction of plasmin(ogen) with fibrin, thereby preventing dissolution of the fibrin clot. Tranexamic acid (Transamin®) is indicated in Japan for use in certain conditions with abnormal bleeding ...
Sadananda Prajni - - 2012
Stretch-evoked ATP release from the bladder mucosa is a key event in signaling bladder fullness. Our aim was to examine whether acid and capsaicin can also release ATP and to determine the receptors involved, using agonists and antagonists at TRPV1 and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). Strips of porcine bladder mucosa ...
Butala Bina P - - 2012
Some factors have been identified as contributing to medical errors, such as labels, appearance and location of ampoules. We present a case of accidental injection of tranexamic acid instead of Bupivacaine during spinal anaesthesia. One minute after the injection of 3 mL of the solution, the patient developed myoclonus of ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that central sensitization is a state of increased excitability of nociceptive neurons in the spinal dorsal horn following peripheral tissue injury and/or inflammation and astrocytes play an important role in the central sensitization. The current study investigated the role of amino acid transport system A in ...
Szczesniak Michal Marcin - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Sensitization of esophageal chemoreceptors, either directly by intermittent acid exposure or indirectly through esophagitis-associated inflammatory mediators, is likely to be the mechanism underlying the perception of heartburn. AIMS:: To compare basal esophageal sensitivity with electrical stimulation and acid, and to compare the degree of acid-induced sensitization in controls and ...
Zetstra-van der Woude Priscilla A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Folic acid use before and during pregnancy prevents neural tube defects. Since 1995, six surveys have been carried out among pregnant women to measure their knowledge and use of folic acid. The results of the most recent survey in 2009 will be discussed and compared with earlier surveys.: METHODS: ...
Mossaheb Nilufar - - 2012
The role of polyunsaturated fatty acids and their metabolites for the cause and treatment of psychotic disorders are widely discussed. The efficacy as an augmenting agent in chronic schizophrenia seems to be small or not present, however epidemiological data, as well as some recent controlled studies in emerging psychosis point ...
Cutler Joshua I - - 2012
A historical perspective of the development of spherical nucleic acid (SNA) conjugates and other three-dimensional nucleic acid nanostructures is provided. This Perspective details the synthetic methods for preparing them, followed by a discussion of their unique properties and theoretical and experimental models for understanding them. Important examples of technological advances ...
Steffen B T BT Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0392, - - 2012
It has been recognized that certain long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are involved in inflammation and its resolution. It has also been shown that ethnicity may be a factor in affecting systemic inflammation, and limited evidence suggests it may influence plasma LC-PUFA composition. Given the links among these three factors, ...
Innocente Adrine M - - 2012
More than 40% of the World population is at risk of contracting malaria, which affects primarily poor populations in tropical and subtropical areas. Antimalarial pharmacotherapy has utilised plant-derived products such as quinine and artemisinin as well as their derivatives. However, worldwide use of these antimalarials has caused the spread of ...
Giannossi Maria Luigia - - 2012
Kidney stones are a very frequent finding in southern Italy, but stone analysis is not routinely performed. However, it is an important requirement not only for a successful treatment of this disease, but also for the prophylaxis to prevent any recurrence. We therefore set out to analyze 80 kidney stones ...
Sugimoto Mitsushige - - 2012
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a novel endoscopic procedure first developed in the 1990s which enables en bloc resection of gastric neoplastic lesions that are difficult to resect via conventional endoscopic mucosal resection. However, given that ESD increases the risk of intra- and post-ESD delayed bleeding and that platelet aggregation ...
Cao Hongzhi - - 2012
Sialic acids, also known as neuraminic acids, are a family of negatively charged α-keto acids with a nine-carbon backbone. These unique sugars have been found at the termini of many glycan chains of vertebrate cell surface, which play pivotal roles in mediating or modulating a variety of physiological and pathological ...
Marusza Wojciech - - 2012
Injectable filling agents offer the promise of a better appearance without surgery and, among them, hyaluronic acid is the most commonly used. Although complications are rare, it is necessary to know the possible side effects and complications in order to be prepared for their management. That is why many researchers ...
Cho Ik-Hyun - - 2012
Minocycline prevents the development of neuropathic and inflammatory pain by inhibiting microglial activation and postsynaptic currents. But, how minocycline obviates acute visceral pain is unclear. The present study investigated whether minocycline had an any antinociceptive effect on acetic acid-induced acute abdominal pain after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of saline or minocycline ...
Evans Simon J - - 2012
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have shown efficacy in the treatment of bipolar disorder, however their specific role in treating the illness is unclear. Serum PUFA and dietary intakes of PUFA associate with suicidal behavior in epidemiological studies. The objective of this study was to assess serum n-3 and n-6 PUFA ...
Naim Fatima - - 2012
The transient leaf assay in Nicotiana benthamiana is widely used in plant sciences, with one application being the rapid assembly of complex multigene pathways that produce new fatty acid profiles. This rapid and facile assay would be further improved if it were possible to simultaneously overexpress transgenes while accurately silencing ...
Correnti Colin - - 2012
Siderocalin (also lipocalin 2, NGAL or 24p3) binds iron as complexes with specific siderophores, which are low molecular weight, ferric ion-specific chelators. In innate immunity, siderocalin slows the growth of infecting bacteria by sequestering bacterial ferric siderophores. Siderocalin also binds simple catechols, which can serve as siderophores in the damaged ...
Mahmoud Khaled K Faculty of Medicine, Minoufiya University, Shebin El Kom, Minoufiya 32511, - - 2012
Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a popular antifibrinolytic drug that is commonly used in patients with bleeding disorder. Major morbidities and mortalities have been reported following inadvertent intrathecal injection of TXA. In this paper, inadvertent intrathecal injection of TXA has resulted from similarities in appearance between TXA and heavy bupivacaine 0.5% ...
Kang Qianjin - - 2011
Covering: 1957 to 20113-Amino-5-hydroxy benzoic acid (3,5-AHBA) is a precursor for a large group of natural products, including the family of naphthalenic and benzenic ansamycins, the unique saliniketals, and the family of mitomycins. This review covers the biosynthesis of AHBA-derived natural products from a molecular genetics, chemical, and biochemical perspectives, ...
Brownson Dale A C - - 2011
We explore and contrast the electroanalytical performance of a commercially available CVD grown graphene electrode with that of edge- and basal- plane pyrolytic graphite electrodes constructed from highly ordered pyrolytic graphite for the sensing of biologically important analytes, namely β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and uric acid (UA). We demonstrate that ...
Hammond Victoria J - - 2012
Eicosanoids are oxidation products of C20 polyunsaturated fatty acids (e.g. arachidonic acid) that include prostaglandins, thromboxanes, leukotrienes and hydroperoxy fatty acids. They have important biological roles in vivo, including regulation of renal, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal function. Historically, eicosanoids were thought to mediate their signaling actions exclusively as free acids, however ...
Ulyshen Michael D - - 2011
Subterranean termites of the genus Reticulitermes are known to build walls and tubes and move considerable amounts of soil into wood but the causes of this behavior remain largely unexplored. In laboratory assays, we tested the hypothesis that Reticulitermes virginicus (Banks) would carry more sand into wooden blocks containing corpses ...
Serhan Zeinab - - 2011
The overall and detailed elucidation (including the stereochemical aspects) of enzymatic mechanisms requires the access to all reliable information related to the natural isotopic fractionation of both precursors and products. Natural abundance deuterium (NAD) 2D-NMR experiments in polypeptide liquid-crystalline solutions are a new, suitable tool for analyzing site-specific deuterium isotopic ...
Colín-García María - - 2011
Biomarkers are molecules that are produced by or can be associated with biological activities. They can be used as tracers that give us an idea of the ancient biological communities that produced them, the paleoenvironmental conditions where they lived, or the mechanism involved in their transformation and preservation. As a ...
Ou Junhai - - 2011
We propose that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the microbiota. To investigate how dietary fat influences risk, we compared the colonic contents of 12 adult high-risk African Americans (AAs) and 10 Caucasian Americans (CAs) who consumed a high-fat diet (123 ± 11 g/d and ...
Ekinci Deniz - - 2011
In the field of medicinal chemistry, there is a growing interest in the use of small molecules. Although acetyl salicylic acid is well known for medical applications, little is known about other salicylic acid derivatives, and there is serious lack of data and information on the effects and biological evaluation ...
van Karnebeek Clara D M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability ('developmental delay' at age<5years) affects 2.5% of population worldwide. Recommendations to investigate genetic causes of intellectual disability are based on frequencies of single conditions and on the yield of diagnostic methods, rather than availability of causal therapy. Inborn errors of metabolism constitute a subgroup of rare genetic ...
DeBoer Mark D - - 2012
Uric acid is tightly linked to the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and among adults higher uric acid levels are associated with future risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and renal disease. Evaluate the sensitivity of MetS to identify adolescents with elevated uric acid levels on a race/ethnicity and gender-specific basis. We ...
Azizian Farid - - 2011
A Suzuki coupling strategy has been employed to access a series of novel fluorans substituted with a phenolic moiety. These fluorans display good thermochromism in methyl stearate and obviate the need for traditional complex formulations containing acidic colour developers.
Berná Luisa - - 2011
We analyze the patterns and rates of amino acid evolution in tunicates with special interest on the extremely fast evolving Oikopleura dioica. We show that this species, on average, is twice as fast as the already fast evolving Ciona intestinalis. The acceleration in both species seems to be affected by ...
Gao Qing-Bin - - 2011
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) play a key role in the innate immune response by recognizing pathogen associated molecular patterns derived from a diverse collection of microbial pathogens. PRRs form a superfamily of proteins related to host health and disease. Thus, prediction of PRR family might supply biologically significant information for ...
Decsi Tamás - - 2011
Sex hormones may influence the enzymatic synthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs), which may lead to sex-specific differences in LC-PUFA status. Isotope studies with U-(13)C α-linolenic acid (ALA) have shown a considerably higher conversion rate of ALA to n-3 (omega-3) LC-PUFAs in women than in men. A review of ...
Mallard Simonette R - - 2011
BACKGROUNDInternationally, poor periconceptional folic acid uptake has been associated with lower socioeconomic status, minority ethnicity status and unintentional pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe the extent to which a proposed bread fortification mandate would modify these associations.METHODSA retrospective survey of postpartum women in hospitals and birthing centres ...
Nath Sunil - - 2011
New perspectives on photophosphorylation have been offered from the standpoint of the torsional mechanism of energy transduction and ATP synthesis. New experimental data on the involvement of malate anions in ATP synthesis in an acid-base malate bath procedure has been reported on spinach chloroplast thylakoids as the model system. The ...
Huang Ying - - 2011
Molecular acidity is an important physiochemical property essential in many fields of molecular studies but an efficient and reliable computational approach to make accurate predictions is still missing. In this work, based on our previous studies to use gas phase electronic properties such as molecular electrostatic potential and valence natural ...
Michielssens Servaas - - 2011
Recent experimental evidence [Maiti et al., submitted to Chemistry-A European Journal] indicates that hydrolysis of nucleoside phosphoramidates is subjected to anchimeric influence by carboxyl moieties in the leaving group, but also by the base in the nucleotide. A quantum chemical analysis of these findings is presented. First the intrinsic hydrolysis ...
Xu Li-Ping - - 2011
Proteins play important roles in human daily life. To take advantage of the lessons learned from nature, it is essential to investigate the self-assembly of subunits of proteins, i.e., amino acids and polypeptides. Due to its high resolution and versatility of working environment, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has become a ...
Jarreau Tara K - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (HF) represents a significant health care burden. Over the past few decades, there have been considerable data supporting the benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on overall cardiovascular health. Reasons for the potential benefits of omega-3 PUFAs are multifactorial and not completely understood. It is likely ...
Wassenberg Tessa - - 2012
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) decarboxylates 3,4-L-dihydroxylphenylalanine (L-dopa) to dopamine, and 5-hydroxytryptophan to serotonin. In AADC deficiency, dopamine and serotonin deficiency leads to a severe clinical picture with mental retardation, oculogyric crises, hypotonia, dystonia, and autonomic dysregulation. However, despite dopamine deficiency in the central nervous system, urinary dopamine excretion in ...
Ahn Insung - - 2011
We compared genetic variations in the VP1 gene of foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) isolated since 2000 from various region of the world. We analyzed relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) and phylogenetic relationship between geographical regions, and calculated the genetic substitution patterns between Korean isolate and those from other countries. We ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >